Imágenes de páginas

A parent who forces a child of a liberal and man deserves the least indulgence imagiingenious* spirit into the arıns of a clown or nable. It is said, it is soon over; that is, all a blockhead, obliges her to a crime too the mischief he does is quickly despatched, odious for a name. It is in a degree the which, I think, is no great recommendation unnatural conjunction of rational and brutal to favour, I have known one of those goodbeings. Yet what is there so common, as natured passionate men say in a mixed the bestowing an accomplished woman with company, even to his own wife or child, such a disparity? And I could name crowds such things as the most inveterate enemy who lead miserable lives for want of know- of his family would not have spoken, even ledge in their parents of this maxim. That in imagination. It is certain that quick good sense and good-nature always go sensibility is inseparable from a ready un. together. That which is attributed to fools, derstanding; but why should not that good and called good-nature, is only an inability understanding call to itself all its force on of observing what is faulty, which turns, in such occasions, to master that sudden inclimarriage, into a suspicion of every thing as nation to anger? One of the greatest souls such, from a consciousness of that inability. now in the world* is the most subject by naMR. SPECTATOR, I am entirely of your

ture to anger, and yet so famous for a conopinion with relation to the equestrian fe

a quest of himself this way, that he is the

known example when you talk of temper males, who affect both the masculine and

and command of a man's self. To contain feminine air at the same time; and cannot forbear making a presentment against an

the spirit of anger, is the worthiest discr. other order of them, who grow very nu

pline we can put ourselves to. When a

man has made any progress this way, a merous and powerful; and since our lan

frivolous fellow in a passion is to him as guage is not very capable of good com

contemptible as a froward child. It ought pound words, I must be contented to call

to be the study of every man, for his own them only “the naked-shouldered." These beauties are not contented to make lovers

quiet and peace. When he stands com

bustible and ready to flame upon every thing wherever they appear, but they must make

that touches him, life is as uneasy to himrivals at the same time. Were you to see

self as it is to all about him. Syncropius Gatty walk the Park at high mall, you would expect those who followed her and life

leads, of all men living, the most ridiculous

| life; he is ever offending and begging parthose who met her would immediately draw their swords for her. I hope, sir, you will

don. If his man enters the room without

what he was sent for That blockhead,' provide for the future, that women may heori stick to their faces for doing any farther dón, but servants now-a-days'The wrong

ay begins he-'Gentlemen, I ask your parmischief, and not allow any but direct tra

plates are laid, they are thrown into the ders in beauty to expose more than the

middle of the room: his wife stands by in fore-part of the neck, unless you please to allow this after-game to those who are very

pain for him, which he sees in her face, and

answers as if he had heard all she was defective in the charms of the countenance.

thinking: Why? what the devil! Why I can say, to my sorrow, the present practice is very unfair, when to look back is

don't you take care to give orders in these

things? His friends sit down to a tasteless death; and it may be said of our beauties, as

as plenty of every thing, every minute expecta great poet did of bullets,

ing new insults from his impertinent pas“ They kill and wound, like Parthians, as they fly.” |

sions. In a word, to eat with, or visit Syn"I submit this to your animadversion; and cropius, is no other than going to see him am, for the little while I have left, your exercise his family, exercise their patience, humble servant, the languishing

and his own anger, PHILANTHUS.

It is monstrous that the shame and con*P. S. Suppose you mended my letter,

fusion in which this good-natured angry and made a simile about the "porcupine;"

man must needs behold his friends, while but I submit that also.'

he thus lays about him, does not give him so much reflection as to create an amendment. This is the most scandalous dis'ise

of reason imaginable; all the harmless part No. 438.] Wednesday, July 23, 1712. of him is no more than that of a bull-dog, -Animum rege, qui, nisi paret,

they are tame no longer than they are not Imperat

Hor. Ep. ii. Lib. 1. 62. offended. One of these good-natured angry ---Curb thy soul,

men shall, in an instant, assemble together And check thy rage, which must be rul'd or rule. so many allusions to secret circumstances,

Creech. las are

as are enough to dissolve the peace of all It is a very common expression, that such the families and friends he is acquainted a one is very good-natured, but very pas- with, in a quarter of an hour, and yet the sionate. The expression, indeed, is very next moment be the best natured man in good-natured, to allow passionate people the world. If you would see passion in its so much quarter; but I think a passionate purity, without mixture of reason, behold

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* Ingenuous.

* Lord Somers.

it represented in a mad hero, drawn by a lost, and I know not to whom I lent it, it is mad poet. Nat. Lee makes his Alexander so many years ago,' «Then, sir, here is the say thus:

other volume; I'll send you home that, and "Away! begone! and give a whirlwind room, please to pay for both.' My friend,' reOr I will blow you up like dust! Avaunt!

plied he, Scanst thou be so senseless as not Madness but meanly represents my toil, Eternal discord!

to know that one volume is as imperfect in Fury! revenge! disdain and indignation !

my library as in your shop? “Yes, sir, but Tear my swol'n breast, make way for fire and tempest My brain is burst, debate and reason quench'd ; The storm is up, and my hot bleeding heart

be short, I will be paid.' “Sir,' answered Splits with the rack; while passions, like the wind, the chapman, you are a young man, your Rise up to heav'n, and put out all the stars.' I book is lost; and learn by this little loss to Every passionate fellow in town talks half bear much greater adversities, which you the day with as little consistency, and must expect to meet with.' Yes, I'll bear threatens things as much out of his power. when I must, but I have not lost now, for I

The next disagreeable person to the out-say you have it, and shall pay me.' 'Friend, rageous gentleman, is one of a much lower you grow warm; I tell you the book is lost; order of anger, and he is what we commonly and foresee, in the course even of a pros call a peevish fellow. A peevish fellow is perous life, that you will meet afflictions to one who has some reason in himself for inake you mad, if you cannot bear this being out of humour, or has a natural inca- trifle.''Sir, there is, in this case, no need pacity for delight, and therefore disturbs all of bearing, for you have the book.' 'I say, who are happier than himself with pishes sir, I have not the book; but your passion and pshaws, or other well-bred interjec-will not let you hear enough to be informed tions, at every thing that is said or done in that I have it not. Learn resignation of his presence. There should be physic yourself to the distresses of this life: nay, mixed in the food of all which these fellows do not fret and fume; it is my duty to tell eat in good company. This degree of anger you that you are of an impatient spirit, and passes, forsooth, for a delicacy of judgment, an impatient spirit is never without woe.' that won't admit of being easily pleased; Was ever any thing like this?" "Yes, sir, but none above the character of wearing a there have been many things like this: the peevish man's livery ought to bear with his loss is but a trifle; but your temper is wanill manners. All things among men of sense ton, and incapable of the least pain; thereand condition should pass the censure, and fore let me advise you, be patient, the book have the protection of the eye of reason is lost, but do not for that reason lose yourNo man ought to be tolerated in an habi-self.'

.'T.* tual humour, whim, or particularity of behaviour, by any who do not wait upon him for bread. Next to the peevish fellow is the snarler. This gentleman deals might

No. 439.] Thursday, July 24, 1712. ily in what we call the irony; and as those Hi narrata ferunt alio: mensuraque ficti sort of people exert themselves most against Crescit; et auditis aliquid novus adjicit auctor. those below them, you see their humour

Ovid, Met. xii. 57. best in their talk to their servants. “That

Some tell what they have heard, or tales devise ;

Each fiction still in prov'd with added lies. is so like you; You are a fine fellow; Thou art the quickest head-piece;' and the like. Ovid describes the palace of Fame as One would think the hectoring, the storm- situated in the very centre of the universe, ing, the sullen, and all the different species and perforated with so many windows as and subordinations of the angry should be gave her the sight of every thing that was cured, by knowing they live only as par- done in the heavens, in the earth, and in doned men; and how pitiful is the condition the sea. The structure of it was contrived of being only suffered! But I am inter- in so admirable a manner, that it echoed rupted by the pleasantest scene of anger, every word which was spoken in the whole and the disappointment of it, that I have compass of nature; so that the palace, says ever known, which happened while I was the poet, was always filled with a confused yet writing, and I overheard as I sat in the hubbub of low, dying sounds, the voices back-room at a French bookseller's. There being almost spent and worn out before they came into the shop a very learned man with arrived at this general rendezvous of an erect solemn air; and, though a person speeches and whispers. of great parts otherwise, slow in under- I consider courts with the same regard to standing any thing which makes against the governments which they superintend. himself. The composure of the faulty man, as Ovid's palace of Fame with regard to and the whimsical perplexity of him that the universe. The eyes of a watchful miwas justly angry, is perfectly new. After nister run through the whole people. There turning over many volumes, said the seller is scarce a murmur or complaint that does to the buyer, “Sir, you know I have long asked you to send me back the first volume * By Steele. See No. 324, ad finem.

This scene passed in the shop of Mr. Vaillant, now 'Sir,' said the chapman, "I have often look-|

of Mr. James Payne, in the Strand; and the subject of

it was (for it is still in remembrance) a volume of Atas ed for it, but cannot find it; it is certainly 1 sillon's Serinons.

not reach his ears. They have news-i poor revenge of resenting them. The hisgatherers and intelligencers distributed into tories of Alexander and Cæsar are full of their several walks and quarters, who this kind of instances, Vulgar souls are of bring in their respective quotas, and make a quite contrary character, Dionysius, the them acquainted with the discourse and tyrant of Sicily, had a dungeon which was conversation of the whole kingdom or com-a very curious piece of architecture; and of monwealth where they are employed. The which, as I am informed, there are still to wisest of kings, alluding to these invisible be seen some remains in that island. It and unsuspected spies, who are planted by was called Dionysius's Ear, and built with kings and rulers over their fellow-citizens, several little windings and labyrinths in the as well as to those voluntary informers that form of a real ear. The structure of it are buzzing about the ears of a great man, made it a kind of whispering place, but such and making their court by such secret a one as gathered the voice of him who methods of intelligence, has given us a very spoke into a funnel, which was placed at prudent caution:* : Curse not the king, no the very top of it. The tyrant used to not in thy thought, and curse not the rich lodge all his state criminals, or those whom in thy bed-chamber; for a bird of the air he supposed to be engaged together in any shall carry the voice, and that which hath evil design upon him, in this dungeon. He wings shall tell the matter."

had at the same time an apartment over As it is absolutely necessary for rulers to it, where he used to apply himself to the make use of other people's eyes, they should funnel, and by that means overheard every take particular care to do it in such a man- thing that was whispered in the dungeon. ner that it may not bear too hard on the I believe one may venture to affirm, that a person whose life and conversation are in- Cæsar or an Alexander would have rather quired into. A man who is capable of so died by the treason than have used such infamous a calling as that of a spy, is not disingenuous means for the detecting of it. very much to be relied upon. He can have A man who in ordinary life is very inquino great ties of honour or checks of con- sitive after every thing which is spoken ill science, to restrain him in those covert evi- of him, passes his time but very indiffedences, where the person accused has no rently. He is wounded by every arrow opportunity of vindicating himself. He will that is shot at him, and puts it in the power be more industrious to carry that which is of every insignificant enemy to disquiet grateful than that which is true. There him. Nay, he will suffer from what has will be no occasion for him if he does not been said of him, when it is forgotten by hear and see things worth discovery; so those who said or heard it. For this reathat he naturally inflames every word and son I could never bear one of those officious circumstance, aggravates what is faulty, friends, that would be telling every malicious perverts what is good, and misrepresents report, every idle censure, that passed upon what is indifferent. Nor is it to be doubted me. The tongue of man is so petulant, and but that such ignominious wretches let their his thoughts so variable, that one should private passions into these their clandestine not lay too great a stress upon any present informations, and often wreak their par- speeches and opinions. Praise and óbloquy ticular spite and malice against the person proceed very frequently out of the same whom they are set to watch. It is a plea- mouth upon the same person; and upon the sant scene enough, which an Italian author same occasion. A generous enemy will describes between a spy and a cardinal who sometimes bestow commendations, as the employed him. The cardinal is represented dearest friend cannot sometimes refrain as minuting down every thing that is told from speaking ill. The man who is indifhim. The spy begins with a low voice, ferent in either of these respects, gives his

Such a one, the advocate, whispered to opinion at random, and praises or disap-. one of his friends, within my hearing, that proves as he finds himself in humour. your eminence was a very great poltroon;'| I shall conclude this essay with part of a and after having given his patron time character, which is finely drawn by the enough to take it down, adds, that another earl of Clarendon, in the first book of his called him a mercenary rascal in a public History, which gives us the lively picture conversation. The cardinal replies, . Very of a great man teasing himself with an ab well, and bids him go on. The spy pro- surd curiosity. ceeds and loads him with reports of the 'He had not that application and subsame nature, till the cardinal rises in great mission, and reverence for the queen, as wrath, calls him an impudent scoundrel, might have been expected from his wisdom and kicks him out of the room.

and breeding; and often crossed her preIt is observed of great and heroic minds, tences and desires with more rudeness than that they have not only shown a particular was natural to him. Yet he was impertidisregard to those unmerited reproaches nently solicitous to know what her majesty which have been cast upon them, but have said of him in private, and what resentbeen altogether free from that impertinent ments she had towards him. And when curiosity of inquiring after them, or the by some confidants, who had their ends

upon him from those offices, he was in* Eccl. x 20.

formed of some bitter expressions falling


from her majesty, he was so exceedingly from the table, and convey him to the inafflicted and tormented with the sense of firmary. There was but one more sent it, that sometimes by passionate complaints away that day; this was a gentleman who and representations to the king, sometimes is reckoned by some persons one of the by more dutiful addresses and expostula- greatest wits, and by others one of the tions with the queen in bewailing his mis- greatest boobies about town. This you will fortune, he frequently exposed himself, and say is a strange character; but what makes left his condition worse than it was before, it stranger yet, is a very true one, for he is and the éclaircissement commonly ended in perpetually the reverse of himself, being the discovery of the persons from whom he always merry or dull to excess. We brought had received his most secret intelligence.' him hither to divert us, which he did

very well upon the road, having lavished away as much wit and laughter upon the

hackney coachman as might have served No. 440.] Friday, July 25, 1712.

during his whole stay here, had it been

duly managed. He had been lumpish for Vivere si recte nescis, discede peritis.

two or three days, but was so far connived Hor. Ep. ii. Lib. 2. 213. at, in hopes of recovery, that we despatched Learn to live well, or fairly make your will. one of the briskest fellows among the bro

Pope. therhood into the infirmary for having told

him at table he was not merry, But our count of a set of merry fellows who are president observing that he indulged himpassing their summer together in the coun- self in this long fit of stupidity, and contry, being provided with a great house, struing it as a contempt of the college, where there is not only a convenient apart- ordered him to retire into the place prement for every particular person, but a pared for such companions. He was no large infirmary for the reception of such of sooner got into it, but his wit and mirth them as are any way indisposed or out of returned upon him in so violent a manner, humour. Having lately received a letter that he shook the whole infirmary with the from the secretary of the society, by order noise of it, and had so good an effect upon the of the whole fraternity, which acquaints rest of the patients, that he brought them me with their behaviour during the last all out to dinner with him the next day. week, I shall here make a present of it to On Tuesday we were no sooner sat the public.

down, but one of the company complained

that his head ached; upon which, another MR. SPECTATOR,We are glad to find asked him in an insolent manner, what he that you approve the establishment which did there then? This insensibly grew into we have here made for the retrieving of some warm words; so that the president, in good manners and agreeable conversation, order to keep the peace, gave directions to and shall use our best endeavours so to im- take them both from the table, and lodge prove ourselves in this our summer retire-them in the infirmary. Not long after, anment, that we may next winter serve as other of the company telling us he knew, patterns to the town. But to the end that by a pain in his shoulder, that we should This our institution may be no less advanta- have some rain, the president ordered him geous to the public than to ourselves, we to be removed, and placed at a weathershall communicate to you one week of our glass in the apartment above-mentioned. proceedings, desiring you at the same time, On Wednesday a gentleman having reif you see any thing faulty in them, to favour ceived a letter written in a woman's hand, us with your admonitions: for you must and changing colour twice or thrice as he know, sir, that it has been proposed amongst read it, desired leave to retire into the inus to choose you for our visitor; to which I firmary. The president consented, but demust farther add, that one of the college nied him the use of pen, ink, and paper, having declared last week he did not like till such time as he had slept upon it. One the Spectator of the day, and not being of the company being seated at the lower able to assign any just reasons for such dis- end of the table, and discovering his secret like, he was sent to the infirmary nemine discontent, by finding fault with every dish contradicente.

that was served up, and refusing to laugh On Monday the assembly was in very at any thing that was said, the president good humour, having received some re told him, that he found he was in an uncruits of French claret that morning; when, easy seat, and desired him to accommodate unluckily, towards the middle of the din- himself better in the infirmary. After dinner, one of the company swore at his ser-ner, a very honest fellow chanced to let a vant in a very rough manner for having put pun fall from him; his neighbour cried out, too much water in his wine. Upon which, *. To the infirmary;" at the same time prethe president of the day, who is always the tending to be sick at it, as having the same mouth of the company, after having con- natural antipathy to a pun which some vinced him of the impertinence of his pas- have to a cat. This produced a long desion, and the insult he had made upon the bate. Upon the whole, the punster was company, ordered his man to take him / acquitted, and his neighbour sent off.. VOL. II.


· On Thursday there was but one delin- blessings and conveniences of life, and an quent. This was a gentleman of strong habitual trust in him for deliverance out of voice, but weak understanding. He had all such dangers and difficulties as may beunluckily engaged himself in a dispute with fall us. a man of excellent sense, but of a modest The man who always lives in this diselocution. The man of heat replied to every position of mind, has not the same dark and answer of his antagonist with a louder note melancholy views of human nature, as he than ordinary, and only raised his voice who considers himself abstractedly from when he should have enforced his argu- this relation to the Supreme Being. At the ment. Finding himself at length driven to same time that he reflects upon his own an absurdity, he still reasoned in a more weakness and imperfection, he comforts clamorous and confused manner; and to himself with the contemplation of those inake the greater impression upon his divine attributes which are employed for hearers, concluded with a loud thump upon his safety and his welfare. He finds his the table. The president immediately or want of foresight made up by the Omnidered him to be carried off, and dieted with science of Him who is his support. He is water-gruel, till such time as he should be not sensible of his own want of strength, sufficiently weakened for conversation. when he knows that his helper is almighty.

On Friday there passed very little re- In short, the person who has a firm trust markable, saving only, that several petitions on the Supreme Being is powerful in His were read of the persons in custody, de- power, wise by His wisdom, happy by His siring to be released from their confinement, happiness. He reaps the benefit of every and vouching for one another's good beha- divine attribute, and loses his own insufviour for the future.

| ficiency in the fulness of infinite perfection. On Saturday we received many excuses To make our lives more easy to'us, we from persons who had found themselves in are commanded to put our trust in Him, an unsociable temper, and had voluntarily who is thus able to relieve and succour us; shut themselves up. The infirmary was, the divine goodness having made such reindeed, never so full as on this day, which liance a duty, notwithstanding we should I was at some loss to account for, till, upon have been miserable had it been forbidmy going abroad, I observed that it was an den us. easterly wind. The retirement of most of Among several motives which might be my friends has given me opportunity and made use of to recommend this duty to us, leisure of writing you this letter, which I I shall only take notice of those that follow. must not conclude without assuring you, that! The first and strongest is, that we are all the members of our college, as well those promised, He will not fail those who put who are under confinement as those who their trust in Him. are at liberty, are your very humble ser- But, without considering the supernatural vants, though none more than,

blessing which accompanies this duty, we &c.' may observe, that it has a natural tendercy

to its own reward, or, in other words, that

this firm trust and confidence in the great No. 441.] Saturday, July 26, 1712. Disposer of all things, contributes very

much to the getting clear of any affliction, Si fractus illabatur orbis,

or to the bearing it manfully, A person who Impavidum ferient ruinæ. Har. Od. iii. Lib. 3. 7.

believes he has his succour at hand, and Should the whole frame of nature round him break that he acts in the sight of his friend, often In ruin and confusion hurl'd,

exerts himself beyond his abilities, and does He, unconcern'd, would hear the mighty crack, And stand secure amidst a falling world.--Anon.

wonders that are not to be matched by one

who is not animated with such a confidenco Man, considered in himself, is a very of success. I could produce instances from helpless and a very wretched being. He history, of generals, who, out of a belief is subject every moment to the greatest that they were under the protection of some calamities and misfortunes. He is beset invisible assistant, did not only encourage with dangers on all sides; and may become their soldiers to do their utmost, but have unhappy by numberless casualties, which acted themselves beyond what they would he could not foresee, nor have prevented have done had they not been inspired by had he foreseen them.

such a belief. I might in the same manner It is our comfort while we are obnoxious show how such a trust in the assistance of to so many accidents, that we are under the an Almighty Being naturally produces care of One who directs contingencies, and patience, hope, cheerfulness, and all other has in his hands the management of every dispositions of mind that alleviate those thing that is capable of annoying or offend- calamities which we are not able to remove. ing us; who knows the assistance we stand. The practice of this virtue administers in need of, and is always ready to bestow it great comfort to the mind of man in times on those who ask it of him.

of poverty and affliction, but most of all in The natural homage which such a crea- the hour of death. When the soul is hoverture bears to so infinitely wise and good a sing in the last moments of its separation, Being, is a firm reliance on him for the when it is just entering on another state of

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