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to shew likewise what jargons there were and cyphers between them, which are great badges of secrets of estate, and used either by princes and their ministers of state, or by such as practise against princes. That your majesty was called Julius in respect of your empire; the queen Agrippina, though Somerset now saith it was Livia, and that my lady of Suffolk was Agrippina ; the bishop of Canterbury Uncttus ; Northampton, Dominic ; Suffolk, first Lerma, after Wolsey; and many others; so as it appears they made a play both of your court and kingdom; and that their imaginations wrought upon the greatest men and matters.

Neither will I omit Somerset's breach of trust to your majesty, in trusting Overbury with all the dispatches, things, wherewith your council of estate itself was not many times privy or acquainted: and yet this man must be admitted to them, not cursorily, or by glimpses, but to have them by him, to them, to register them, to table them, &c. Apostyle of the

king. This evidence can- I shall also give in evidence, not out maiting me his ac of that letter, which was brought cuser, and that upon to Somerset by Ashton, being avery slight ground. found in the fields soon after As for all the subse- the late prince's death, and was quent evidences, they directed to Antwerp, containtare all so little evi. ing these words, “ that the first dent, as una litura 6 branch was cut from the tree, may serve thaime “ and that he should, ere long, all!

to « send happier and joyfuler S9 29466 news:"

Which is a matter I would 23 Lis not use, but that my lord Coke, do con el who hath filled this part with Guia do mar

many frivolous things, would

think alt lost, except he hear Timo somewhat of this kind. Bintang sobotn chic it is to eome to the leavings of

a business

in tota

e giden in with in this place, the slight am ence,

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Nothing to Somer. And for the rest of that kind, set, and declared by as to speak of that particular, Franklin after con. that Mrs. Turner did at Whitedemnation.

hall shew to Franklin the man, who, as she said, poisoned the prince, which, he says, was a

physician with a red beard. Nothing to Somer- That there was a little picture set, and a loose con- of a young man in white wax, jecture,

left by Mrs. Turner with Forman the conjurer, which my lord Coke doubted was the

prince. No better than a That the viceroy of the Indies gazette, or passage at Goa reported to an English of Gallo Belgicus. factor, that prince Henry came

to an untimely death by a mis

tress of his. Nothing yet proved That Somerset, with others, against Lowbell.

would have preferred Lowbell the apothecary to prince

Charles. Nothing to Somer. That the countess laboured set.

Forman and Gresham, the conjurers, to inforce the queen by witchcraft to favour the coun

tess. Declared by Frank- That the countess told Frank. lin after condemna- lin, that when the queen died, tion.

Somerset should have Somerset

house. Nothing to Somer- That Northampton said, the set.

prince, if ever he came to reign,

would prove a tyrant. Nothing to Somer. That Franklin was moved by set.

the countess to go to the Palsgrave, and should be furnished

with money. The particular reasons, why I omit them, I have set in the margin; but the general is partly to do a kind of right to justice, and such a solemn trial, in delinquent, or in

not giving that in evidence, which touches not the

of weight; and partly to observe your majesty's direction, to give Somerset no just occasion of despair or flushes. But I pray your majesty to pardon me, that I have

I troubled your majesty with repeating them, lest you should hear hereafter, that Mr. Attorney hath omitted divers material parts of the evidence.



Somerset's business and charge, with his majesty's

postiles. 107 o't 0 TO SIR GEORGE VILLIERS. CARDI

SIR, Your man made good haste; for he was with me yesterday about ten of the clock in the forenoon. Since I held him.

The reason, why I set so small a distance of time between the use of the little charm, or, as his majesty better terms it, the evangile (a), and the day of his trial (6) notwithstanding his majesty's being so far off, as advertisement of success and order thereupon could not go and come between, was chiefly, for that his majesty, from whom the overture of that first moved, did write but of a few hours, that this should be done, which I turned into days. Secondly, because the hope I had of effect by that mean, was ra. ther of attempting him at his arraignment, than of confession before his arraignment. But I submit it to his majesty's better judgment.

The person, by your first description, which was without name,

thought had been meant of Packer (c): but now I perceive it is another, to me un

(a) Cicero, Epist. ad Atticum, Lib. XIII. Ep. 40. uses this word, evayyénsa; which signifies both good news, and the reward given to him who brings good news. See Lib. II. Epist. 3.

(b) The earl of Somerset's.

(c) John, of whom there are several letters in Winwood's Memorials, Vol. II.


To the con murdered, was

known, but, as it seemeth, very fit. I doubt not but

he came with sufficient warrant to Mr. Lieutenant to
have access. In this I have no more to do, but to


wym expect to hear from his majesty how this worketh.

The letter from his majesty to myself and the ser-
jeants I have received, such as I wished; and I will
speak with the commissioners, that he may, by the
lieutenant, understand his majesty's care of him, and
the tokens herein of his majesty's compassion towards

I ever had a purpose to make use of that circum-
stance, that
his majesty's prisoner in the Tower; which indeed is
a strong pressure of his majesty's justice. For Over-
bury is the first prisoner murdered in the Tower,
since the murder of the young princes by Richard the
third, the tyrant,

I would not trouble his majesty with any points of
preamble, nor of the evidence itself, more than that
part nakedly, wherein was the tenderness, in which
I am glad his majesty, by his postils, which he re-
turned to me, approveth my judgment.

Now I am warranted, I will not stick to say openly, I am commanded, not to exasperate, nor to aggravate the matter in question of the impoisonment with any other collateral charge of disloyalty, or otherwise ; wherein, besides his majesty's principal inten;

. tion, there will be some use to save the foriner bruits of Spanish matters.

There is a direction given to Mr. Lieutenant by
my lord Chancellor and myself, that as yesterday Mr.
Whiting (d) the preacher, a discreet, inan, and one

that was used to Helwisse, should preach before the
lady (e), and teach her, and move her generally to a

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(d) John Whiting, D.D. rector of St. Martin Vintry, in London, and Vicar of East-Ham in, Essex, prebendary of Ealdstreet in the church of St. Paul's, and chaplain to king James I. He attended Sir Gervase Helwisse, who had been lieutenant of the Tower, at his execution upon Tower-Hill, on Monday tbe 20th of November, 1615, for the murder of Sir Thomas Overbury.

(0) Frances, countess of Somerset.



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clear confession. That after the same preacher should speak as much to him at his going away in private : and so proof to be made, whether this good mean, and the last night's thoughts, will produce any thing. And that this day the lieutenant should declare to her the time of her trial, and likewise of his trial, and persuade her, not only upon Christian duty, but as good for them both, that she deal clearly touching him, whereof no use can be made, nor need to be made, for evidence, but much use may be made for their comfort.

It is thought, at the day of her trial the lady will confess the indictment, which if she do, no evidence ought to be given. But because it shall not be a dumb show, and for his majesty's honour in so solemn an assembly, I purpose to make a declaration of the proceedings of this great work of justice, from the beginning to the end, wherein, nevertheless, I will be careful no ways to prevent or discover the evidence of the next day.

In this my lord chancellor and I have likewise used a point of

providence: for I did forecast, that if in that narrative, by the connection of things, any thing should be spoken, that should shew him guilty, she might break forth into passionate protestations for his clearing; which, though it may be justly made light of, yet it is better avoided. Therefore my lord Chan- . cellor and I have devised, that upon the entrance into that declaration she shall, in respect of her weakness, and not to add farther affliction, be withdrawn.

It is impossible, neither is it needful, for me, to express all the particulars of my care in this business. But I divide myself into all cogitations as far as I can foresee; being very glad to find, that his majesty dòth not only accept well of my care and advices, but that he applieth his directions so fitly, as guideth me from time to time.

I have received the commissions signed.

I am not forgetful of the goods and estate of Somerset, as far as is seasonable to inquire at this time. My lord Coke taketh upon him to answer for the jewels,

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