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there, he had distinguished himself by the propriety of his moral conduct, and his rapid proficiency in classic erudition.

He had richly improved the golden opportunity of searching into all the storehouses of ancient learning. Though he possessed not the singular and almost incredible industry of a Castell *, who declared * that to be an idle day in which he did not employ sixteen or eighteen hours in the pursuit of his biblical studies, yet his application was truly exemplary. He seems to have had the observation of Horace perpetually before

him ;

The youth, who hopes th’ Olympic Prize to gain,
All arts must try, and every toil sustain t. (Francis.)

He had repeatedly read the best Latin and Greek authors with a nice and critical discernment. With the incomparable beauties of the three tragedians of Greece he was intimately acquainted. He had indeed attentively examined, and no one to explain, what they

* Dr. Edmund Castell, Arabic Professor in the University of Cambridge. See the Dedication of his incomparable Lexicon to Charles II. Memoirs of him are given by Mr. Nichols, in his very interesting Literary Anecdotes,' IV. 22.

Qui studet optatam cursu contingere metam,
Multa tulit fecitque puer.


knew better how taught

In chorus or iambic, teachers best
Of moral prudence, with delight received
In brief sententious precepts.

(Milton's P. R. IV. 264.)

Nor had he neglected the cultivation of his own language, in which he always expressed his ideas in a polished, flowing, and perspicuous stile.

Fully accomplished for the purpose, he undertook the important province of educating youth. His first appointment was at Shipton *, near York, to a school endowed with a yearly stipend of forty pounds. Being now in holy orders, he was presented to the perpetual curacy of NunMonkton, the annual income of which did not at that time exceed sixteen pounds. While he remained in this situation, he married Mrs. Meek, a widow lady and mother of three sons and one daughter, the care of whose education devolved upon him. In 1735, the Mayor and Aldermen of Beverley, in the East-Riding of Yorkshire, nominated him to their grammar-school. All his scholars followed him from Shipton to Beverley, and many accompanied him on his subsequent removal.

* Mrs. Anne Middleton, of the city of York, endowed this school by her will, dated August 24, 1655.

In 1751, he was solicited to accept the mastership of the school at Wakefield, then vacated by the promotion of the Rev. Benjamin Wilson, one of the first Greek scholars of the age, to the vicarage of that town. Of this school it has been remarked, that it is “as famous as any whatsoever in these kingdoms, except those of Westminster, Winchester, and Eaton.”

It is justly celebrated for the education of BENTLEY * and

* Dr. Richard Bentley, Master of Trinity College, Cambridge, was born in 1661-2, of very creditable parents, at Oulton, in the parish of Rothwell (otherwise Wrothwell) near Wakefield. He was educated under Mr. John Baskerville, who was elected May 1, 1672, Master of the Free Grammar-School founded by Queen Elizabeth at Wakefield. I have visited the house, where he was born: it is a decent dwelling, healthfully situated, having a small estate attached to it, which had been in his name and family for many years. Wherever learning is respected, the name of Bentley will gain applause. Mr. Toup, the father of Greek literature in the eighteenth century, acknowledged that he learned more from Dr. Bentley, than from all the critics of all the


before.' The reader, who admires the beauties of classical composi. tion, cannot fail of deriving singular pleasure from the perusal of the following lines written by Dr. Bentley. The · Allocutio ad Sepulcrum,' and the little Poem addressed to Lord Halifax, who in the early period of his life had been Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, are held in high estimation. They are not generally known; and, therefore, I deem no apology necessary for presenting them anew to the public. The Verses on the death of Prince George of Denmark, which will recall to the reader's mind the lines upon Charles I. ascribed to the Marquis of Montrose, are extracted from the Epicedium Cantabrigiense, &c. 1708,


ACCIPE communis solatia publica luctús,

Anna, nec alloquiis dulcibus obde fores. Namque ut Martburii percussit nuntius aures,

Dum tibi per Flandras fulminat ense plagas, Oppetiisse tuæ, Regina, animæque torique

Participem, ac morbo succubuisse gravi: Non," ait, ardentem lacrymis restinguere curam

Nunc opus, aut querulis perdere verba modis. Pro lacrymis refluant hostili sanguine rivi :

Pro quesiu reboënt tympana mixta tubis." Dixit: et attoniti dirá formidine Galli

Bruxellis trepidæ terga dedêre fuge; Objectoque alii tentantes fulmine Martem

De Scaldi in Stygias præcipitantur aquas.


DELUBRA Regnum, prisca Manium domus,
Suprema Britonum Principum palatia,
Horrore dio plena, plena numine ;
Laxate claustra, ferreosque liminis
Reserate postes : Georgii Magni sacer
Portatur ad vos lugubri pompâ cinis,
Uxoris ANNÆ atque ANGLIÆ lacrymis madens.
Eheu! quis hostis Gallus, aut quis impice
Romæ tyrannus coccinatus, non tuo
Dolore doleat, Anna, non flenti affleat ?
Huic ô quietas intimis penetralibus
Parate sedes ; quà (nefas) tot liberâm
Jacent acerbo rapta fato corpora :
Præsertim ubi usque vere perpetuo virens
Cari GLOVERNI floret urna. Hic ponite;
Hic pænè redeat vivus ossibus calor,
Sensuque tacito pulvis ipse gaudeat.


POTTER *, of the learned BINGHAM t, and the


CAROLE, si tibi adhuc Collegî cura vetusti,

Quod tamen assiduè nascitur usque novum ;
Si placuit nostro nitidus jam pumice Flaccus,

Quodque sibi vates dixerat, usque recens ;
Gratia si veteris tibi pectore vivit amici--

Unam fer multis officiosus opem.
Sume, precor, citharam nimiùm nimiùmque tacentem,

Verbaque cum plectro fortia junge gravi:
Effer, age, Heroëm, stellantique insere Olympo ;

Dircæusque iterùm nubila tranet olor.
Nos etenim viles, corvi picæque, poëtæ
Vix pennas madida (turpe) levamus humo.

Rı. BENTLEY, S. T. P. Coll. Sanct. Trin. Magister.

* Dr. John Potter, Archbishop of Canterbury, who died in 1749, was son of Mr. Thomas Potter, a linen-draper at Wakefield.

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+ Mr. John Bingham, usually called the learned Bingham,' the admired author of Origines Ecclesiasticæ,' was born at Wakefield in 1668, and educated at the Grammar School in that place. Notwithstanding his vast erudition, he did not obtain any considerable preferment in the Church. This is intimated in the inscription designed for his Monument.







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