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of expression however, he must be allowed to have been moderate for the age in which he lived.

“ The second chapter treats of Hobbes. Our author appears

to know him rather from his Latin than from his English works, and not always to state his opinions correctly. Nor is sufficient notice done to his improvements of the science of the mind : he laid the ground-work of the doctrine of Association. It is by no means clear, from the twelfth chapter of the • Leviathan,' that Hobbes adopted atheism: it can only thence be inferred, that he was a Materialist, and that he thought the grounds of Natural Religion insufficient; not, that he rejected the Christian Revelation. He maintains, indeed, the right of the Magistrate to interpret Revelation; but from his · Christian Commonwealth' it should seem, that he inclined to the institution of a specific interpretation, not very remote from that of the Socinians; and that this was, at least, his exoteric religion. Bishop Bramhall certainly charges him with denying the Trinity.-(Critique on Tiedemann's Geist der Spekulativen Philosophie, &c. i. e. The Spirit of Speculative Philosophy, VI. 8vo, Marburg, 1797, inserted in the Monthly Review Enlarged, App. to Vol. XXIV.)

See Wilford's Memorials, 326; Ware's Irish Bishops, 116, 293; Kennett's Register, 517, 534, 571, 759, 820; and Birch's Life of Tillotson, 176.

In Usher's Letters, occurs one from Bramhall, No. 293; and his Life records a dispute with a Jesuit, similar to that held by Bramhall at Northallerton.

The celebrated Melanchthon was wont to declare of himself, that he was a Logician ;' and of two of his contemporaries, that one of them was a Grammarian, and the other an Orator :' but that in Martin Luther these three characters were concentrated. And it was truly remarked of Bramhall, that the single perfections which make many men eminent were united in him, and made him illustrious : for in him were visible the great lines of Hooker's judiciousness, of Jewel's learning, and of the acuteness of Bishop Andrewes.'—(Jer. Taylor's Sermon at his Funeral, July 16, 1663.)

During his residence in Holland and France, he was universally respected, and consulted by his countrymen as an oracle in every emergency. He conducted himself, indeed, with the most consummate prudence and magnanimity, as “a man who could administer comfort to the afflicted, and courage to the persecuted, and resolutions to the tempted, and strength to that religion for which they all suffered.” (Ib.)

After the battle at Marston-moor, the Marquis of Newcastle retired with his two sons and many of his friends to Scarborough, where finding two ships ready to sail to Hamburgh, he embarked

with his company, and arrived in four days. In this company we find Dr. Bramhall, Bishop of Londonderry.—(Drake's Antiquities of York.)

Of Lady Bandon, the grand-daughter of Archbishop Bramhall, see the Supplement to Collins' Peerage, 289.

The Queen of Bohemia, adorned with all the elegant and valuable accomplishments of her sex, in the midst of her unparallelled sufferings, tasted no little comfort in the converse of the English Nobility, Clergy, and Gentry who were driven from their native country.

In her court they found a peaceable and pleasant asylum. Among these was Dr. Bramhall, whose active zeal, exemplary piety, and unblemished purity of manners strongly attached her regard. She, afterward, honoured him with her correspondence.

Of the hardships sustained by him, when an exile, see his Works, 130, 137.

When one of his adversaries told him, in a scoffing manner, that · He kept a good table, spake the truth boldly, and had great revenues independent on any, whilst he and many of his countrymen were actually in a state of great distress during their banishment from England ;' he replied, “ As for myself, I never raised myself by any insinuations, I was never a parasitical pensioner. (lb. 28.)

With respect to his Tract on the Consecration of the Protestant English Bishops, see Barwick's

Life of Dr. Barwick, 174, 424, 439; and Collier's Eccles. Hist. II. 891: and, for his attack upon Milton, Toland's Life of Milton, 102, 103,


Or as he stiles himself, Aquæpontanus,' was born in Yorkshire. He was first of Hart Hall in Oxford, and afterward of Brazen-nose. . In 1563, he was elected Rector of Lincoln College. This however he resigned in 1574, in order to prevent expulsion, and proceeded to Rheims; where he is said to have admitted himself into the Society of the Jesuits. In 1594, he was living at Triers in Germany. He wrote the following tract: Confutatio virulento Disputationis Theologicæ, in quâ Georgius John Professor Academia Heidelbergensis conatus est docere · Pontificem Romanum esse Antichristum à Prophetis et Apostolis prædictum.”—(Wood's A. O. I. 239.)


Was born in an obscure village called Warley Wood, in the parish of Halifax. He was so much transported with joy at the invention of Logarithms by Lord Napier of Marchistoun, that he regularly visited him every summer in Scotland. On their first meeting, a quarter of an hour passed, each beholding the other with admiration, before a single word was uttered. Marchistoun, also, composed a learned exposition upon the Revelation of St. John, which (says Lilly) was “the best that had ever yet appeared in the world. It was first printed in 1594.

The character of Mr. Briggs is thus recorded in the public Register of Merton College, Oxford. Jan. 28, 1630, obiit apud nos commensalis HENRICUS BRIGGs, vir quidem moribus ac vitâ integerrimus ; quem in rebus geometricis (quarum studiis primùm Cantabrigiæ in Societate Coll. S. Joannis sese à juventute suâ addixerat, dein Publicus Prælector Londini in Coll. Gresham multos per annos sustinuerat) omnium sui temporis eruditissimum, D. Henricus Savilius, ut primo ex fundatione suâ Geometrie Professoris munere fungeretur, Oxoniam evocarit: cujus exequias 29 die proximè sequente concione habitâ à Magistro Sellar, et oratione funebri à magistro Cressy unà cum primoribus Academie celebravimus.—(Gutch’s A. Wood's Antiquities of Oxford, 28.)

See Wood's A. O. I. 550.; Ward's Lives of the Professors of Gresham College, 126; and Smith's Vitoe Quorundam Eruditissimorum et Illustrium Virorum, 4to, 1707. He lies buried

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