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THE Year of which we treat, presented the

i most aweful appearance of public affairs, which this country had perhaps beheld for many ages. All ancient systems of policy, relative to any scheme of equality or balance of power, seemed forgotten in Europe. Friends and allies were 110 more with respect to us. On the contrary, whether it proceeded from our fault, or whether it was merely our misfortune, mankind seemed to wait, with an aspect which at best bespoke indifference, for the event of that ruin which was expected to burst upon us.

It has happened fortunately, that the expected evil and danger, were less dreadful in the encounter, than in the distant appearance. The great combination of the House of Bourbon with the American Colonies, was far from producing all those effects which were undoubtedly expected. If our own successes were not great, and rather negative than direct in their nature, our losses, however considerable, were still less than might have been

apprehended. apprehended. It affords no small room both for satisfaction and hope, that no diminution of national glory has taken place, through any failure of native valour in our Seamen and Soldiers. They have supported in all cases, and under whatever circumstances of disadvantage, their antient character.

With the importance and variety of the work, our labour has increased; and every year of this period, so full of trouble both abroad and at home, has produced so much matter, that the business of one has run in upon the other. The Reader will thus account for the delay which has annually increased. Perhaps we ought rather to apologize for bringing out the matter fo crudely, as we are obliged to do, to keep tolerably within time, than for a delay rendered necessary by the magnitude of our taik. Iappy Thali we deem the hour, when, recurring from the horrors of war to the pleasant ways of peace, we shall have the pleasure of announcing to the Public, the glad tidings of returning tranquillity.

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Retrospective view of American affairs in the year 1778. Expedition to

Bedford, Fair Haven; and 10 Martha's Vineyard. Admiral Montag us dijpolefses the French of the islands of St. Pierre, and Miquelon. Lord Cornwallis, and Gen. Knyphausen, advance into the enemy's country, on borb fides of the North River. Surprize of Baylor's light horle. Success of tbe expédition to Egg Harbour. Surprize of Pulaski's legion. Crüel depredations by Butler, Brandt, and the favages, on the back frontiers. Destruction of the new settlement at Wyoming, attended with circumstances of fingular cruelty and barbarity. Col. Clarke's expedition from Virginia, for the reduction of the Canadian towns and setrlements in the Illinois country. Consequences of Clarke's success. Expedition from Schoharie 10 tbe Upper Susquehanxa. Destruction of the Unadilla and Anaquago settlements.

TITE have seen in our last failure of hope with respect to his

V volume, that the effec. primary object, the noble Admiral

I 'tual protection which immediately returned to the fucthe French squadron received from cour of Rhode Island, which, we their new allies, at Boston, had have also seen, had been invested, Sept. 8th. entire

Sth entirely frustrated Lord and vigorously attacked, by Ge

4. Howe's design of at- neral Sullivan. And finding that "770 tacking D’Étaing in island already freed from danger, that road or harbour. Upon this he proceeded to New York, where, VOL. XXII.


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in consequence of what is under- zards Bay, in that part of New ftood by a previous leave of ab- England called the Plymouth Cosence, he resigned the command lony ; which from their vicinity of the fleet into the hands of Ad- to Rhode Illand and the Sound, miral Gambier, and returned to greatly infelted the trade of New England.

York, as well as the adjacent Sir Henry Clinton, who had coasts of Long Iland; whilst the embarked with 4,000 men for the nearness of their retreats, with the relief of Rhode Iand, had two smallness of their vefsels, and the ocher material objects in view, in shallowness of their creeks, secured one or both of which he might pro- them in a great measure from all bably have succeeded, if he had pursuit. not been detained by contrary This service was performed with winds a few hours beyond his great effect by the detachment un. time, or that Sullivan had not been der the command of the Major Geattentive to the danger to which he neral. Between fix in a was exposed, when he found him the evening, when the

he Sept. 5th. self finally abandoned by the troops were landed, and twelve, French feet, and in consequence on the following day, the work was deserted by the New England vo- completely done ; destroying in Junteers, who composed the better their course about seventy fail of part of his force. One of these shipping, besides a great number was to cut off Sullivan's retreat to of small craft. The detachment the continent; and the other, likewise burnt or destroyed in the which might have been either same manner, the magazines, adopted as principal, or pursued wharfs, fores, warehouses, ropeas a secondary object, was to attack walks, and vessels on the stocks, the Americans in their head quar- both on the Bedford and Fair Haters and principal place of arms at ven sides of the Acufhinet river. Providence ; the destruction, or ef- The transports and troops profectual dismantling of which, would ceeded from Fair Haven to the have removed an eye-fore, and island called Martha's Vineyard ; constant source of apprehension, at the inhabitants of which, like least, from the immediate vicinity those of Nantucket, were once ce. of Rhode Isand.

lebrated for their enterprize, kill, Sullivan's timely retreat having and great success in the fisheries. frustrated these designs, Sir Henry This island being, however, the Clinton, on his return to New reverse of Nantucket in point of York, dispatched Major General 'fertility, afforded a considerable Grey, with the feet of transports and most desirable contribution, and troops, under the convoy of consisting of 10,000 sheep, and Captain Fanshawe, of the Ca. 300 oxen, for the public service at rysfort frigate, upon an expedi- New York. tion' to the eastward. The firit In the mean time, Admiral Mon. object of this expedition was to tague, who commanded on the exterminate fome nests of small Newfoundland tlacion, no sooner privateers, which abounded in the received intelligence that D'Etaing sivers and creeks adjoining to Buz- had commenced hottilities on the


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