« AnteriorContinuar »
manageable, and apparently more hazardous, by being broken up into I do not know how many confederated and independent democracies,-America, with universal suffrage, and yearly elections-with a free and unlicensed press-without an established priesthood, an hereditary nobility, or a permanent executive-with, in short, all that is combustible and pregnant with danger, on the hypothesis . of tyranny, and without one of the checks or safeguards, by which alone they contend, the benefits or the very being of society can be maintained!
There is something at once audacious and ridiculous, in maintaining such doctrines in the face of such experience. Nor can anything be founded on the novelty of these institutions, on the pretence that they have not yet been put fairly on their trial. America has gone on prospering under them for forty years, and has exhibited a picture of uninterrupted, rapid, unprecedented advances in wealth, population, intelligence, and concord; while all the arbitrary governments of the old world have been overrun with bankruptcies, conspiracies, rebellions, and revolutions; and are, at this moment, trembling in the consciousness of their insecurity, and vainly endeavouring to repress irrepressible discontents, by confederated violence and terror.
THE HOMES OF ENGLAND.-Mrs. Hemans.
THE stately Homes of England,
The deer across their greensward bound
And the swan glides past them with a sound
The merry Homes of England!
What gladsome looks of household love
There woman's voice flows forth in song,
Or childhood's tale is told,
Or lips move tunefully along
The blessed Homes of England!
That breathes from Sabbath-hours!
All other sounds, in that still time,
The Cottage Homes of England!
The free, fair Homes of England!
And green forever be the groves,
THE PILGRIM FATHERS.-Pierpont.
THE pilgrim fathers-where are they?
Still roll in the bay, as they rolled that day,
*The May-flower was the name of the vessel in which the pilgrims
When the sea around was black with storms,
The mists, that wrapped the pilgrim's sleep,
And his rocks yet keep their watch by the deep,
But the snow-white sail, that he gave to the gale,
The pilgrim exile—sainted name!—
Rejoiced, when he came, in the morning's flame,
And the moon's cold light, as it lay that night
Still lies where he laid his houseless head;-
The pilgrim fathers are at rest:
And the world's warm breast is in verdure dressed,
The earliest ray of the golden day
And the evening sun, as he leaves the world,
The pilgrim spirit has not fled:
It watches the bed of the brave who have bled,
And shall guard this ice-bound shore,
Till the waves of the bay, where the May-flower lay,
Shall foam and freeze no more.
EXTRACT FROM MR. HAYNE'S SPEECH IN THE SENATE OF, THE UNITED STATES, 1830.
If there be one state in the union, Mr. President, (and say it not in a boastful spirit) that may challenge comparison with any other for an uniform, zealous, ardent and uncalculating devotion to the union, that state is South Carolina. Sir, from the very commencement of the revolution up to this hour, there is no sacrifice, however great, she has not cheerfully made; no service she has ever hesitated to perform. She has adhered to you in your prosperity; but in your adversity, she has clung to you, with more than filial affection. No matter what was the condition of her domestic affairs, though deprived of her resources, divided by parties, or surrounded by difficulties, the call of the country has been to her as the voice of God. Domestic discord ceased at the sound, every man became at once reconciled to his brethren, and the sons of Carolina were all seen crowding together to the temple, bringing their gifts to the altar of their common country.
What, Sir, was the conduct of the south during the revolution? Sir, I honour New England for her conduct in that glorious struggle But great as is the praise which belongs to her, I think at least equal honour is due to the south. They espoused the quarrel of their brethren, with a generous zeal, which did not suffer them to stop to calculate their interest in the dispute. Favorites of the mother country, possessed of neither ships nor seamen to create commercial rivalship, they might have found in their situation a guarantee that their trade would be forever fostered and protected by Great Britain. But, trampling on all considerations, either of interest or of safety, they rushed into the conflict, and, fighting for principle, periled all in the sacred cause of freedom.
Never was there exhibited in the history of the world, higher examples of noble daring, dreadful suffering, and heroic endurance, than by the whigs of Carolina, during the revolution. The whole state, from the mountains to the sea, was overrun by an overwhelming force of the enemy. The fruits of industry perished on the spot where they were produced, or were consumed by the foe. The 'plains of Carolina,' drank up the most precious blood of her citizens!
Black and smoking ruins marked the places, which had been the habitations of her children! Driven from their homes into the gloomy and almost impenetrable swamps, even there the spirit of liberty survived, and South Carolina, sustained by the example of her Sumpters and her Marions, proved by her conduct, that though her soil might be overrun, the spirit of her people was invincible.
EXTRACT FROM MR. WEBSTER'S SPEECH IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES, 1830.
THE eulogium, pronounced on the character of the state of South Carolina by the honourable gentleman, for her revolutionary and other merits, meets my hearty concurrence. I shall not acknowledge, that the honourable member goes before me in regard for whatever of distinguished talent, or distinguished character, South Carolina has produced. I claim part of the honour: I partake in the pride of her great names. I claim them for countrymen, one and all. The Laurens, Rutledges, the Pinckneys, the Sumpters, the Marions-Americans all-whose fame is no more to be hemmed in by state lines, than their talents and patriotism were capable of being circumscribed within the same narrow limits.
In their day and generation, they served and honoured the country, and the whole country, and their renown is of the treasures of the whole country. Him, whose honoured name the gentleman himself bears-does he suppose me less capable of gratitude for his patriotism, or sympathy for his sufferings, than if his eyes had first opened upon the light in Massachusetts, instead of South Carolina? Sir, does he suppose it in his power to exhibit a Carolina name so bright, as to produce envy in my bosom? No, Sir,-increased gratification and delight, rather. Sir, I thank God, that, if I am gifted with little of the spirit, which is said to be able to raise mortals to the skies, I have yet none, as I trust, of that other spirit, which would drag angels down.
When I shall be found, Sir, in my place here in the senate, or elsewhere, to sneer at public merit, because it happened to spring up beyond the little limits of my own state