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knowing no restraint, and poverty and suffering, having no solace or hope, would trample in scorn on the restraints of human laws. Virtue, duty, principle, would be mocked and spurned as unmeaning sounds. A sordid self-interest would supplant every other feeling; and man would become, in fact, what the theory of atheism declares him to be-a companion for brutes.
Mel. YET a moment, hear; Philotas, hear me.
Thus wilt thou spurn me, when a king distressed,
Phil. Urge thy suit no further;
Thy words are fruitless.
Forbid access; he is our sovereign now;
'T is his to give the law-mine to obey.
Mel. Thou canst not mean it his to give the law! Detested spoiler! his! a vile usurper!
Have we forgot the elder Dionysius,
Surnamed the tyrant? To Sicilia's throne
The monster waded through whole seas of blood.
Till, roused at length, Evander came from Greece,
Phil. Whate'er his right, to him in Syracuse All bend the knee; his the supreme dominion, And death and torment wait his sovereign nod. Mel. But soon that power shall cease; behold his walls Now close encircled by the Grecian bands; Timolean leads them on; indignant Corinth Sends her avenger forth, arrayed in terror, To hurl ambition from a throne usurped, And bid all Sicily resume her rights.
Phil. Thou wert a statesman once, Melanthon; now,
Resistless in his course! (Your boasted master
Phil. Alas, Evander
Will ne'er behold the golden time you look for.
Mel. And yet
Thy dark, half-hinted purpose-lead me to him;
Phil. By Heaven, he lives.
Mel. Then bless me with one tender interview.
Canst grant admittance: let me, let me see him.
Mel. But when dun night—
Phil. Alas! it cannot be: but mark my words.
Despatch some friend, who may o'erleap the wall,
Has lived three days, by Dionysius's order,
Phil. The tyrant's jealous care hath moved him thence.
Phil. At the midnight hour,
Silent conveyed him up the steep ascent,
Deep caverned in the cliff, where many a wretch,
Mel. Clandestine murderer! Yes, there's the scene
When all things lay in sleep and darkness hushed;
Phil. Forbear; thou pleadst in vain;
CLAIMS OF AFRICA.
Extract from a Speech delivered in Congress by Mr. BURGES, of Rhode Island, May 10, 1830.
DURING the last century, a mighty revolution of mind has been made in the civilized world. Its effects are gradually disclosing themselves, and gradually improving the condition of the human race. The eyes of all nations are turned on these United States, for here that great movement was commenced. Africa, like a bereaved mother, holds out her hands to America, and implores you to send back her exiled children. Does not Africa merit much at the hands of other nations? Almost 4000 years ago, she, from the then rich store-house of her genius and labour, sent out to them science, and arts and letters, laws and civilization.
Wars and revolutions have exhausted this ancient abundance, and spread ignorance and barbarism over her regions; and the cupidity of other nations has multiplied and aggravated these evils. The ways of Providence cannot always be seen by man. When the Almighty comes out of his cloud, light fills the universe. What a mystery, when the youthful patriarch, lost to his father, was sold into slavery. What a display of wisdom and benignity, when we are permitted to see all the families of the earth blessed' by that event.
Shall we question the great arrangements of divine wisdom; or hold parlance with that power, who has made whole countries the enduring monuments of his avenging justice. Let these people go. They are citizens of another country: send them home. Send them home instructed, and civilized, and imbued with the pure principles of Christianity; so may they instruct and civilize their native land, and spread over its wide regions the glad tidings of human redemption. Secure to your country, to your age, to yourselves, the glory of paying back to Africa the mighty arrears of nations. Add another New World to the civilized regions of the globe.
Do not say your states will be depopulated; your fields left without culture. In countries equal in fertility, and under the same laws, you cannot create a void in popula
tion: as well might you make a vacuum in the atmosphere. Better, more efficient labour, will come to your aid. Free men, observant of the same laws, cherishing the same union, worshipping the same God with you, will place themselves by your side. This change of moral and physical condition in our population, will follow the removal of that pernicious cause, now so productive of alarming difference in political opinion; jealousies, incident to our present state, shall give place to a glorious emulation of patriotism; and, O my country! if God so please, thou shalt be united, and prosperous, and perpetual.
DELINEATION OF MISSIONARY OBJECTS.-Chalmers.
THE Missionary Society has carried her attempts across the Atlantic; and the very apparatus which she has planted in the Highlands and Islands of our own country, she has set a-going more than once in the wilds of America. The very discipline which she has applied to her own population, she has brought to bear on human beings in other quarters of the world. She has wrought with the same instruments upon the same materials, and, as in sound philosophy it ought to have been expected, she has obtained the same result a Christian people rejoicing in the faith of Jesus, and ripening for heaven, by a daily progress upon earth in the graces and accomplishments of the gospel.
I have yet to learn what that is which should make the same teaching, and the same Bible, applicable to one part of the species, and not applicable to another. I am not aware of a single principle in the philosophy of man which points to such a distinction; nor do I know a single category in the science of human nature, which can assist me in drawing the land-mark between those to whom Christianity may be given, and those who are unworthy or unfit for the participation of its blessings. I have been among illiterate peasantry, and I have marked how apt they were, in their narrow field of observation, to cherish a kind of malignant contempt for the men of another shire or another country. I have heard of barbarians, and of their insolent disdain for foreigners. I have read of Jews, and