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Mr. Bacon to the Earl of Salisbury...

164

LETTERS FROM STEPHENS.

to Mr. Michael Hickes.....

164 Sir Francis Bacon to the King.......

173

to Mr. Michael Hickes...

164 Sir George Villiers to Sir Francis Bacon, his ma-

to Sir Robert Cotton....

165 jesty's attorney-general

173

to Sir Michael Hickes.

165 Sir Francis Bacon to the Earl of Buckingham... 173

to Sir Michael Hickes.....

165 to the Earl of Buckingham.......

174

to Sir Michael Hickes...

165 The Earl of Buckingham to the Lord Keeper... 174

to Sir Robert Cotton.

165 to the Lord Keeper.

174

to Sir Michael Hickes....

165 | Sir Francis Bacon to the Earl of Buckingham.. 174

to Sir Michael Hickes...

166 The Privy Council to the King.......

175

to his very loving friend, Mr. John Murray, of The Earl of Buckingham to the Lord Chancellor 175

his majesty's bed-chamber......

to the Lord Chancellor........

175

From the University of Cambridge to the Right Sir Francis Bacon to the Marquis of Buckingham 176

Honourable Sir Francis Bacon, knight, his to the Marquis of Buckingham............. 176

majesty's attorney-general, and one of his The Marquis of Buckingham to the Lord Chan-

honourable privy council.....

... 166

cellor ......

176

From Sir Francis Bacon to the right worshipful Sir Francis Bacon to the Marquis of Buckingham 176

the Vice-Chancellor and others, the Mas- Lord Bacon, Montagu, and Yelverton, to the King 177

ters, and the Heads of the Houses of the Sir Francis Bacon to the Marquis of Buckingham 177

University of Cambridge........ 166 The Marquis of Buckingham to the Lord Chan-

From the University of Cambridge

167 cellor ...,

177

Lord Bacon to my Lord of Buckingham, touching

to the Lord Chancellor...

177

Mompesson's business of inns...... 167 to the Lord Chancellor ...

178

to my Lord of Buckingham, touching Mom-

to the Lord Chancellor......

178

pesson's business, the maltsters, &c....... 107 Sir Francis Bacon to the Marquis of Buckingham 178

From his Majesty to Lord Bacon, touching the The Marquis of Buckingham to the Lord Chan-

business of the mint.....

167 cellor.....

... 178

Lord Bacon to my Lord Buckingham..... 168 Sir Francis Bacon to the Marquis of Buckingham 178

to my very loving, friends, the Mayor, &c., of The Marquis of Buckingham to the Lord Chan-

Cambridge.

168 cellor.

... 179

to the Lord President of York, in favour of Mr. Sir Francis Bacon to the Marquis of Buckingham 179

Johns, for the secretary's place at York... 168 to the Marquis of Buckingham....... 179

to Mr. Matthew....

168 to the Marquis of Buckingham....

179

my

Lord Treasurer Lea..

169 to the Marquis of Buckingham.

179

to the Marquis of Buckingham..

180

LETTERS FROM THE LAMBETH LIBRARY.

to the King.......

180

Lord Bacon to the Marquis of Buckingham..... 169 The Marquis of Buckingham to the Lord Chan-

Edward Franklin to Lord St. Alban......... 169

cellor.......

180

Lord Bacon to the Marquis of Buckingham..... 169

to the Lord Chancellor.....

180

T. Meautys to Lord St. Alban

170

Sir Francis Bacon, Montagu, Coke, Hobarte, and

Lord Bacon to Count Gondomar.

170

Crew to the Marquis of Buckingham..... 181

to his very loving friends, the parishioners and

Sir Francis Bacon to the Marquis of Buckingham 181

feoffees of the poor of the Parish of St. All-

The Marquis of Buckingham to the Lord Chan.

dotis, in Oxford......

171

cellor .......

182

LETTERS FROM MALLET.

to the Lord Chancellor .....

182

Sir Francis Bacon to the Lord Viscount Villiers. 171 Lord Bacon to the Right Honourable his very

to the Earl of Buckingham.......

... 171

good lords, the Lords Spiritual and Tempo-

The Earl of Buckingham to the Lord Chancellor 171 ral, in the Upper House of Parliament as-

Lord Bacon to my very loving friends Sir Thomas

sembled...

182

Leigh and Sir Thomas Puckering, knights to the King...

183

and baronets.....

172 to the King..

183

to the Marquis of Buckingham.

172 to the Prince of Wales..

to the Marquis of Buckingham

172 to the King.......

184

to the Duke of Buckingham.....

172 to the Marquis of Buckingham.

...... 184

The Duke of Buckingham to the Lord St. Alban 173 to the King....

184

VOL. III.-2

... 183
Pago

Page

The Marquis of Buckingham to the Lord St. Al- Mr. Francis Bacon to the Right Honourable his

ban

184 very good Lord, the Lord Keeper of the Great

Lord Bacon to the Marquis of Buckingham..... 185 Seal...

192

The Marquis of Buckingham to the Lord St. Al- to the Right Honourable, &c., the Lord Keeper 192

ban

185 Earl of Essex to the Lord Keeper Puckering.... 193

to the Lord St. Alban..

185 Mr. Francis Bacon to the Right Honourable the

to the Lord St. Alban....

185 Lord Keeper, &c.........

193

Lord Bacon to the Marquis of Buckingham..... 185 to the Right Honourable the Lord Keeper, &c. 193

to the King...

186 to the Right Honourable his very good Lord,

to the Lord Digby.......

186 the Lord Keeper, &c.......

193

The Marquis of Buckingham to the Lord St. Al-

to the Right Honourable the Lord Keeper, &c. 193

ban

186 Sir Francis Bacon to Sir George Villiers....... 194

Lord Bacon to the Marquis of Buckingham..... 186 to the Marquis of Buckingham...... 194

to the Duke of Buckingham....... 187 Mr. Francis Bacon to the Right Honourable the

The Duke of Buckingham to the Lord St. Alban 187 Lord Keeper, &c.......

191

to the Lord St. Alban......

187 to the Right Honourable the Lord Keeper, &c. 195

Lord Bacon to the Duke of Buckingham....... 188 to the Right Honourable the Lord Keeper, &c. 195

The Duke of Buckingham to the Lord St. Alban 188 to the Right Honourable the Lord Keeper, &c. 195

Lord Bacon to the Duke of Buckingham........ 188 to the Right Honourable, my good Lord, the

The Duke of Buckingham to the Lord St. Alban 188 Lord Keeper of the Great Seal of Eng-

Jo. Lincoln to the Lord St. Alban......... 188 land

195

to the Right Honourable the Lord Keeper, &c. 196

LETTERS FROM MATTHEWS.

to the Right Honourable the Lord Keeper, &c. 196

Sir Francis Bacon desiring a friend to do him a

The Earl of Essex to the Right Honourable the

service.....

189

Lord Keeper, &c..

196

to a friend about reading and giving judgment

to the Right Honourable the Lord Keeper, &c. 196

upon his writings......

189

Mr. Francis Bacon to Dr. Morrison, a Scottish

to the same person, upon the like subject; with

physician, upon his majesty's coming in... 197

an addition of condoling the death of a

to Mr. Murray, of the king's bedchamber.... 197

friend......

189

to Mr. Matthew.....

197

to a friend, in reflection upon some astrolo-

to my Lady Packington, in answer to a mes-

gers in Italy.......

190

sage by her sent. ...,

197

The Lord of St. Albans, Bacon, to an humble ser-

to Sir Thomas Bodeley, after he had imparted

vant, my lord believing his own danger to

to him a writing, entitled Cogitata et Visa. 198

be much less than he found it......... 190

to the King...

198

My Lord of St. Albans, Bacon, to the same hum.

to King James.

198

ble servant, employing him to do a good

office with another great man............

to Sir George Villiers, on sending his bill for

190

viscount....

199

The Lord of St. Altans to a most dear friend, in

King James to our trusly and well-beloved Tho-

whom he notes an entireness and impatient

mas Coventry, our attorney-general....... 200

attention to his service. .....

191

Mr. Francis Bacon to the Earl of Essex.... 200

to the Lord Treasurer Marlborough, expostu-

The Earl of Essex to Mr. Francis Bacon... 200

lating about his unkindness and injustice.. 191 Lord Treasurer Burghley to Mr. Francis Bacon. 201

Sir Francis Bacon to a servant of his, in expres-

Sir Robert Cecil to Mr. Francis Bacon..

201

sion of great acknowledgment and kindness 191

Mr. Francis Bacon to the Queen....

201

MISCELLANEOUS LETTERS.

to Robert Kemp, of Gray's Inn, Esq,. ..... 201

The Lord Bacon, bis letter to the most illustrious to the Earl of Essex..

202

and most excellent Prince Charles, Prince The Earl of Essex to Mr. Francis Bacon.... 202

of Wales, Duke of Cornwall, Earl of Ches- to Mr. Francis Bacon......

203

ter, &c. ....

191 Mr. Francis Bacon to the Earl of Essex.

203

Mr. Francis Bacon to Mr. Robert Cecil... 192 to Sir Robert Cecil.....

203

to the Right Honourable his very good Lord,

Sir Robert Cecil to Mr. Francis Bacon ... 204

the Lord Keeper of the Great Seal, &c.... 192 The Earl of Essex to Mr. Francis Bacon. 204

Earl of Essex to the Right Honourable my very

to Mr. Francis Bacon......

204

good Lord, the Lord Keeper....... 192 Foulke Grevill, Esq., to Mr. Francis Baror. 201

Page

Mr. Francis Bacon to the Queen .

205

to his brother Antony...

205

The Earl of Essex to Mr. Francis Bacon...... 205

Mr. Francis Bacon to his brother Antony....... 205

to Sir Robert Cecil, a copy of which was sent

with the preceding to Mr. Antony Bacon.. 206

to Sir Thomas Egerton, lord keeper of the

great seal ......

207

Mr. Francis Bacon to the Earl of Essex, on his

lordship's going on the expedition against

Cadiz......

209

The Earl of Essex to Mr. Francis Bacon.. 209

Mr. Francis Bacon to his brother Antony....... 210

Mr. Francis Bacon's letter framed for my Lord of

Essex to the Queen .

210

Mr. Francis Bacon to Sir John Davis, his majes-

ty's attorney-general in Ireland ...... 211

Sir Francis Bacon to the reverend University of

Oxford.........

211

Lord Keeper Bacon to Mr. Maxey, fellow of Tri-

nity College, Cambridge.

211

The Earl of Buckingham to the Lord Keeper Bacon 211

Lord Bacon to Henry Cary, Lord Viscount Falk-

land...

212

Secretary Conway to the Lord Viscount St. Alban 212

Mr. Francis Bacon to the Lord Treasurer ...... 212

to Sir Francis Vere.....

212

to Mr. Cawfielde...

213

Lord Bacon to Mr. Tobie Matthew...

213

to my Lord Montjoye.....

213

The Marquis of Buckingham to the Lord Chan-

cellor and the Lord Mandeville, Lord Trea-

surer of England....

213

Sir Francis Bacon to the Reverend University of

Oxford......

213

The Earl of Buckingham to the Lord Keeper Bacon 214

Sir Francis Bacon to Lord Norris, in answer to him 214

to the King......

214

The Lord Chancellor and two Chief Justices to

the Marquis of Buckingham......

214

Sir Francis Bacon to King James....

216

Lord Bacon to the Count Gondomar, Ambassador

from the Court of Spain......

216

to Count Gondomar ...

217

to Count Gondomar, then in Spain...... 217

Regula

Page

4. Quod sub certa forma concessum vel reser-

vatum est, non trahitur ad valorem vel

compensationem

229

5. Necessitas inducit privilegium quoad jura

privata......

229

6. Corporalis injuria non recepit æstimationem

de futuro.....

231

7. Excusat aut extenuat delictum in capitali-

bus, quod non operatur idem in civilibus 231

8. Æstimatio præteriti delicti ex post facto

nunquam crescit.....

232

9. Quod remedio destituitur ipsa re valet, si

culpa absit ...

232

10. Verba generalia restringantur ad habilita-

tem rei vel personæ.....

234

11. Jura sanguinis nullo jure civili dirimi pos-

sunt..

235

12. Receditur a placitis juris potius quam injuria,

ne delicta maneant impunita...... 235

13. Non accipi debent verba in demonstratio-

nem falsam, quæ competunt in limita-

tionem veram....

236

14. Licet dispositio de interesse futuro sit inu.

tilis, tamen potest fieri declaratio præce-

dens quæ fortiatur effectum interveniente

novo actu......

......

237

15. In criminalibus sufficit generalis malitia in-

tentionis cum facto paris gradus....... 238

16. Mandata licita recipiunt strictam interpre-

tationem, sed illicita latam et extensivam 238

17. De fide et officio judicis non recipitur quæs-

tio, sed de scientia, sive error sit judicis

sive facti..

239

18. Persona conjuncta æquiparatur interesse

proprio ....

239

19. Non impedit clausula derogatoria qua mi-

nus ab eadem potestate res dissolvantur

a quibus constituuntur. ....

240

20. Actus inceptus, cujus perfectio pendet ex

voluntate partium revocari potest, si

autem pendet ex voluntate tertiæ personæ

vel ex contingenti, revocari non potest.. 241

21. Clausula vel dispositio inutilis per præ-

sumptionem remotam vel causam ex post

facto non fulcitur......

212

22 Non videtur consensum retinuisse, si quis

ex præscripto minantis aliquid immutavit 214

23. Ambiguitas verborum latens verificatione

suppletur, nam quod ex facto oritur ambi-

guum verificatione facti tollitur. ....... 244

24. Licita bene miscentur, formula nisi juris

obstet.....

25. Præsentia corporis tollit errorem nominis,

et veritas nominis tollit errorem demon

strationis..

246

....

Page

'i've USE OF THE LAW: PROVIDED FOR PRESERVA-

ALL Persons, Goods, and Good

NAMES.

What the Use of the Law principally consisteth

in.......

247

Surety to keep the peace..

247

Action of the case, for slander, battery, &c.... 247

Appeal of murder given to the next of kin.... 247

Manslaughter, and when a forfeiture of goods,

and wlien not.......

248

Felo de se, felony by mischance, deodand..... 248

Cutting out of tongues, and putting out of eyes,

made felony......

218

The office of the constable

218

Two high constables for every hundred, and

one petty constable for every village ..... 248

The King's Bench first instituted, and in what

matters they anciently had jurisdiction... 248

The court of Marshalsea erected, and its juris-

diction within twelve miles of the chief tun-
nel of the king, which is the full extent of

243

Sheriff's Tourn instituted upon the division of

England into counties : the charge of this

court was committed to the earl of the

same county

249

Subdivision of the county courts into hundreds 249

The charge of the county taken from the earls,

and committed yearly to such persons as

it pleased the king.......

249

The sheriff is judge of all hundred courts not

given away from the crown............

249

County courts kept monthly by the sheriff.... 249

The office of the sheriff. ....

249

Hundred courts, to whom first granted..... 249

Lord of the hundred to appoint two high con-

stables......

• 249

Of what matters they inquire of in leets and

law-days....

249

Conservators of the peace, and what their office

249

Conservators of the peace by virtue of their

office..

250

Justices of peace ordained in lieu of conserva-

tors; of placing and displacing of justices

of peace by use delegated from the king to

the chancellor ......

250

Che power of the justice of peace to fine the

offenders to the crown, and not to recom-

pense the party grieved.....

250

Authority of the justices of peace, through

whom ran all the county services to the

250

Beating, killing, burning of houses..

250

A:tachments for surety of the peace....

250

Page

Recognisance of the peace delivered by the

justices at their sessions.....

250

Quarter-sessions held by the justices of peace. 250

The authority of justices of the peace out of

their sessions....

250

Judges of assize came in place of the ancient

judges in eyre, about the time of R. H.... 251

England divided into six circuits, and two

learned men in the laws assigned by the

king's commission to ride twice a year

through those shires allotted to that circuit,

for the trial of private titles to lands and

goods, and all treasons and felonies, which

the county courts meddle not in......... 251

The authority of the judges in eyre translated

by Parliament to justices of assize...... 251

The authority of the justice of assizes much

lessened by the Court of Common Pleas,

erected in Henry III's. time....... 251

The justices of assize have at this day five

commissions by which they sit, viz., 1.

Oyer and Terminer. 2. Jail Delivery. 3.

To take assizes. 4. To take Nisi Prius.

5. Of the peace...

251

Book allowed to clergy for the scarcity of

them to be disposed in religious houses.. 252

The course the judges hold in their circuits in

the execution of their commission concern-

ing the taking of Nisi Prius...... 253

The justices of the peace and the sheriff are to

attend the judges in their county......

253

Of property of lands to be gained by entry.. 253

Land lest by the sea belongeth to the king..... 253

Property of lands by descent...

254

Three rules of descent..

254

Customs of certain places....

254

Every heir having land is bound by the binding

acts of his ancestors, if he be named..... 254

Property of lands by escheat......

255

In escheat two things are to be observed. 255

Concerning the tenure of lands....... 255

The reservations in knight's service tenure are

four.......

256

Homage and fealty.....

256

Knight's service in capite is a tenure de per-

sona regis.......

256

Grand serjeantry, petty serjeantry..

256

The institution of soccage in capite, and that

it is now turned into moneys rents...... 256

Ancient demesne, what.

255

Office of alienation...

256

How manors were at first created.....

256

Knight's service tenure reserved to common

persons....

257

Soccage tenure reserved by the lord..

257

...... 315

...... 260

Page

Page
Villenage or tenure by copy of court-roll...... 257 Legacies are to be paid before debts by shop
Court baron, with the use of it........ 257

books, bills unsealed, or contracts by word 266

What attainders shall give the escheat to the An executor may pay which legacy he will first

lord.......

257 Or if the executors do want, they may sell

Prayer of clergy..

257

any legacy to pay debts....

266

He that standeth mute forfeiteth no lands, ex- When a will is made, and no executor nanied,

cept for treason....

258 administration is to be committed cum tes-

He that killeth himself forfeiteth but his

tamento annexo...

266

chattels....

258

Flying for felony a forfeiture of goods..... 258 ARGUMENTS IN LAW IN CERTAIN GREAT AND

Lands entailed, escheat to the king for treason 258 DIFFICULT Cases.....

267

A person attainted may purchase, but it shall The Case of Impeachment of Waste...

268

be to the king's use......

258 The Argument in Low's Case of Tenures.... 276

Property of lands by conveyance is first distri- The Case of Revocation of Uses....

230
buted into estates, for years, for life, in tail, The Jurisdiction of the Marches..

285
and fee simple......

259

TUE LEARNED READING OF Mn. Francis Ba-
Lease for years go to the executors, and not to
the heirs..

cox, UPON THE STATUTE of Uses, being

259

his double reading to the Honourable So-

Leases, by what means they are forfeitable.... 259

ciety of Gray's Inn, 42 Eliz.......... 295

What livery of seisin is, and how it is requisite
to every estate for life.......

259 Tue OFFICE OF CosstaBLES, ORIGINAL AND
Of the new device, called a perpetuity, which

Use of Court's LEET, SIERIFF's Turx,

is an entail with an addition.....

260

&c., with the Answers to the Questions

The inconveniences of these perpetuities..... 260 propounded by Sir Alexander Hay, Knt.,

The last and greatest estate in land is fee

touching the Office of Constables. .....

simple........

The difference between a remainder and a

An Account OF THE LATELY

ERECTED SER.

reversion...

260

VICE, CALLED THE OFFICE OF COMPOSI-

What a fine is..

261

TIONS FOR ALIENATIONS..

319

What recoveries are.

261

What a use is......

262

THE GREAT INSTAURATION OF LORD

A conveyance to stand seised to a use..

BACON.

Of the continuance of land by will..

262

Property in goods: 1. By gift. 2. By sale.

Editor's Preface.....

329

3. By stealing. 4. By waving. 5. By

Introduction

332

straying. 6. By shipwreck.

7. By

Dedication..

333

forfeiture.

Preface ...

334

8. By executorship....... 264

By letters of administration...

338

265

Distribution of the Work..

Where the intestate had bona notabilia in

divers dioceses, then the archbishop of

SECOND PART OF THE GREAT INSTAURATIO.N.

that province where he died is to commit

THE Novcm ORGANUM; OR, FIVE SUGGES

administration ......

265

THE INTERPRETATION

An executor may refuse the executorship before

NATURE...

3.13

the bishop, if he have not intermeduled

Preface....

343

with the goods......

265

Summary of the Second Part, digested in

An executor ought to pay, 1. Judgments. 2.

Aphorisms...

346

Stat. Recog. 3. Debts by bonds and bills

Aphorisms on the Interpretation of Nature and

sealed. 4. Rent unpaid. 5. Servants’

the Empire of Man....

315

wages.
6. Head workmen. 7. Shop

The Second Book of Aphorisms on the Inter-

hook, and contracts by word... ..... 265

pretation of Nature, or the Reign of Man 37)

Debts due in equal degree of record, the execu-

tor may pay which of them he pleases A PREPARATION FOR A NATURAL AND Expe-
before suit be commenced......... 266

RIMENTAL HISTORY

4:6

But it is otherwise with administrators. ....... 266 A Description of such a Natural and Experi-

Property by legacy....

266

mental History as shall be sufficient and

R

.. 262

OF

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