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hath an apt occasion to go on with subcommittees.

God ever preserve and prosper you.

My very gooD LORD,
Your lordship's true friend

I send your lordship a draught of a letter touchand devoted servant, ing the sub-commission, * written in wide lines, York Ilouse, Nov. 19, 1617. Fra. Bacon, C. S. because it may be the better amended by his

majesty. I think it is so penned as none can escept to it, no, nor imagine any thing of it. For

the household-business there was given a fortTO THE EARL OF BUCKINGHAM.

night's day: for the pensions, the course which 1 MY VERY GOOD LORD,

first propounded of abating of a third throughout, Yesterday at afternoon were read at the table and some wholly, seemeth well entered into. his majesty's two letters, written with his own These be no ill beginnings. But this course of hand, the matter worthy the hand; for they were the sub-commission thrids all the king's business. written ex arte imperandi, if I can judge; and I God ever preserve and prosper you. hope they and the like will disenchant us of the Your lordship's true friend and devoted servant, opinion, which yet sticks with us, that to-day

FR. N, C.S. will be as yesterday, and to-morrow as to-day, so York House, 27th Nov. 1617. as there will be (as he saith) acribus initiis, fine Sir Lyonel Cranfield is now reasonably well incurioso.

recovered. I hold my opinion given in my former letter, that the uniting of some tables is the most passable way; but that is not all, for when that is done, the king may save greatly in that which

TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. remaineth. For if it be set down what tables My very good Lord, shall be fired, and what diet allowed to them, my I thought fit by this, my private letter to your steward (as ill a mesnager as I am,) or my Lord lordship, to give you an account of such business Mayor's steward, can go near to tell what charge as your lordship hath recommended unto me, will go near to maintain the proportion; then add that you may perceive that I have taken that care to that some large allowance for waste (because of them I ought, and ever shall in those things the king shall not leese his prerogative to be de- you recommend or remit to me. ceived more than other men,) and yet no question For the suit of the ale-houses which concernthere will be a great retrenchment. But against eth your brother, Mr. Christopher Villiers, and this last abatement will be fronted the payment Mr. Patrick Mawle, I have conferred with my of arrears. But I confess, I would be glad that I lord chief justice and Mr. Solicitor thereupon, and might see, or rather, that a parliament may see, there is a scruple in it, that it should be one of and chiefly that the king (for his own quiet) may see, that upon such a sum paid such an annual Draught of the Subcommission : retrenchment will follow : for things will never My Lords, be done in act, except they be first done in

In this first and greatest branch of our charge concerning

our house we do find what difficulties are made, and what conceit.

time is lost, in disputing and of devising upon the manner of I know these things do not pertain to me; for doing it, whereof ihe matter must be, and is so fully resolved. my part is to acquit the king's office towards God, Neither can we but see in this, as in a glass, the like event to

follow in the rest upon like reason. For the inferior officers by administration of justice, and to oblige the in every kind, who are best able for skill to propound the rehearts of his people to him by the same, and to trenchments, will, out of interest or fearfulness, make dainty maintain his prerogative. But yet because it is to do service; and that which is done with an ill-will will

never be well done. Again, to make it the act of the whole in hne, that the king's case laboureth, I cannot but table, for the particular propositions and reckonings, will be yield ray care and my strength too in counsel, 100 tedious for you, and will draw the business itself into such as it is, which cannot be so much as it was length; and to make any particular committees of yourselves

were to impose that upon a few which requireth to be carried between our Lady-day, and Michaelmas last. indifferently as the act of you all. For since the great officers But whatsoever it is, it is wholly his majesty's themselves think it too heavy for them, as our state now is, without any deflexion.

to deal in it, without bringing it to the table, with much inore

reason may any particular persons of you be loath to meddle As soon as I find any possibility of health in in it, but at the board. In all which respects we have thought Sir Lyonel Cranfield to execute a sub-commission, fit, (neither do we see any other way,) that you send unto 18 I will by conference with him frame a draught of the names of the officers of our Exchequer and our Custom

House, and auditors out of which we will make choice of a letter from his majesty, for which there is the sone few, best qualified to be subcoinmittees, for the better fairest occasion in the world; and the king hath ease and the speeding of the business by their continual

travails and meetings: whose part and employment we prepared it as well as possible. God ever pre- incline to be to attend the principal officers in their several serve and prosper you.

charges, and join themselves to some of the inferior officers, Your lordship's true friend

and so take upon them the mechanic and laborious part of and devoted servant,

every business, thereby to facilitate and prepare it for your

consultations, according to the directions ard! instructio: s Tork House, Nov. 22, 1617. Fr. Bacon, C. S.

they shall receive from you from to time. l'ol. III.-11


the grievances put down in parliament; which if ted, being principal sinews of his majesty's au it be, I may not in my duty and love to you ad- thority. Therefore the course will be (as I am vise you to deal in it; if it be not, I will mould advised) that for this heinous misprison (that the it in the best manner and help it forward. The party without all colour or shadow of cause should stay is upon the search of the clerk of the parlia- threaten the life of his judge, and of the highest ment, who is out of town; but we have already judge of the kingdom next his majesty) he be found, that the last grievance in 7mo. is not the same first examined, and if he confess il, then an ore with this suit; but we doubt yet of another in 30. tenus ; if he confess it not, then an information in the

For the business of Mr. Leviston, for your Star Chamber, and he to remain where he is till lordship's sake (who I perceive keeps your noble the hearing. But I do purposely forbear yet to course with me, in acquainting me with these have him examined till the decree or agreement things) I shall apply myself unto you, though in between hiin and my Lord Aubigny (which is my nature I do desire that those that serve in the now ready) be perfected, lest it should seem an court where I sit, though they be not in places oppression by the terror of the one to beat him of my gift, and so concerns not me nor my place down in the other. Thus I ever rest in profit; yet I wish, I say, I might leave them Your lordship's true friend and devoted servant, in as good case as I find them. And this suit

Fr. Bacon, Canc. concerneth the main profii of the six clerks, who York House, Jan. 251h, 1617. though they be of the master of the rolls his gift, I pray your lordship to pardon me, if, in respect yet they serve in my court. But my greatest of a little watering in one of mine eyes, I have doubt is, that the grant cannot be good in law; written this letter, being long and private busiand that it is not like those other precedents, ness, in my secretary's hand. whereof I have received a note. For the difference is, where things have been written by all the clerks indifferently and loosely, (in which case the king may draw them into an office,) and where they have appertained to one especial office; IT MAY PLEASE YOUR MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY, in which case the king can no more take away Finding as well by your majesty's despatches the profits of a man's office than he can the pro- and directions to your council, as now by speech hits of his land. Therefore, I think your lordship with Mr. Secretary Laque, that your majesty is may do well to write to Mr. Solicitor and Ser- content to be troubled with business of sundry jeant Finch, or some other lawyers that you trust, natures, I thought good, according to the duty of or such as Mr. Leviston trusteth, being persons of my place and the necessity of the occasion, to put account, to inform you of the point in law before you your majesty in mind, that on this day sennight, proceed any further: for without that all is in vain. being Friday in the morning, I ain, according to

For the business of Hawkyns, touching the custom, to give a charge and admonition to the register for the commission of bankrupts, I am judges and justices of peace now before the cirnot yet satisfied, likewise for the law, nor for the cuits, wherein I am humbly to crave your maconveniency, but I rather incline to think it may jesty's pleasure and directions. pass; and I have set it in a course by which I I have for your majesty's better ease set down may be thoroughly informed.

the heads, which by the prescript of your book, For Sir Rowland Egerton's cause, and his and out of the consideration of the present times, lady's, the parties have submitted themselves I have thought fittest to be remembered. I have unto me, and are content to do it by bond, and also sent your majesty the last account of the therefore, I will undoubtedly make an end of it judges' circuits, not to trouble you with the readaccording to justice and conscience.

ing of them all; but to the end, that if upon my For Sir Gilbert Houghton's business I am in nemorial, or otherwise out of your majesty's own very good hope to effect your lordship's desire for memory which is above memorials, you should his good.

have occasion to resort to those accounts, the For Moore's business, concerning the printing papers may be by you. of books, after hearing all parties, I have sealed The point of greatest weight in my opinion is nis patent; but for his former patent of salt I the carrying of a balanced hand at this time in dare not do it without acquainting the council the matter of recusants, in regard of the treaty therewith, which I am ready to do, if he require with Spain. For it were good in respect of your that course to be taken.

people, that there were no note made, that the If liis majesty at any time ask, touching the string is relaxed, and in respect of the treaty, Lord Clifton's business, I pray your lordship that it is not strained: and therefore the proceedrepresent to his majesty thus much, that whatso in those causes be rather diligent than severe. cver hath passed I thank God I neither fear him I am wonderful glad to hear that this extremity nor hate him; but I am wonderful careful of the of weather, which I think the Muscovite hath seat of justice, that they may still be well muni brought with him, hath not touched your majesty,

whose health and ease is far dearer to me than my Secondly, The warrant (as is acknowledged) life, with all the appartenances. God ever pre- came only from my Lord of Suffolk, and not from serve and prosper you.

Mr. Chancelior, and yet my lord was wont to Your majesty's most faithful and

boast, that since he was treasurer, all commissions most obliged servant, and contracts for sale of the king's land were

Fr. Bacon, Canc. broken off and ceased. This Friday morning,

Thirdly, The rate of the moneys paid by the thie ah of February, 1617. Your majesty will be pleased your answer be gentlemen, amounteth to but thirteen year's pur

chase, which is a plain gift of a good prepo tion with me on Thursday at noon, or soon after it.

of value.

If his majesty, now informed, iterate his man

date, it is done, and I excuse; but I could wish TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. his majesty would refer it to the commissioners MY VERY GOOD LORD,

of the treasury how the gentlemen may be other

wise satisfied. Mr. Chancellor of the Exchequer hath signified to me, this day, that yesterday his majesty commission of the wards in Ireland, which, this

I received, yesternight, a brave account of the called him to his coach and said to him, that one that had used ill speech of me should be called one year, is advanced from two hundred pounds before me and make his submission to me, and, per annum to four thousand pounds, which is thereupon be called before the council and receive twenty fold multiplied. This I write for two a sharp reprehension, and so be enlarged. And reasons. First, because I glory in it, because it Mr. Chancellor could not tell me who the person

was my work wholly: next, because his majesty was, but after, by some letter he received from may take occasion by this to look better to the my Lord Clifton, and speech with a man of his, improvement of his wards in England in due

time. God ever preserve and prosper you. he perceived it was he. I pray your lordship, in humbleness,

Your Lordship’s most obliged let his

friend and faithful servant, majesty know that I little fear the Lord Clifton, but I much fear the example, that it will animate ruf

Fr. Verulam, Canc.

York House, fians and rodomonti, extremely, against the seats July 27, 1618. of justice, (which are his majesty's own seats) yea, and against all authority and greatness, if this pass without public censure and example, it

TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. having gone already so far as that the person baron hath been committed to the Tower. The

My vERY GOCD LORD, punishment it may please his majesty to remit,

I am very glad to hear of the honour his majesty and I shall not formally but heartily intercede for

intendeth to my noble lady, your lordship's mother, him, but an example (setting myself aside) 1 This, amongst many other things, showeth, in wish for terror of persons that may be more dan- your lordship, good nature, which is the root of gerous

us than he, towards the least judge of the all virtues, next religion. Besides, it doth sort kingdom.

well in states, when place and power do meet, Therefore, it may please his majesty to speak

and stand not too far at distance. of it with myself and my lords when he cometh

For the passing of it by direction without bill next; and in the mean time I will command from signed, it cannot be in law. So is Mr. Attorney's Liis majesty, the master of the rolls and Mr. At- opinion, and so is mine ; and, therefore, there is torney, who were appointed by the table to exa

presently a bill sent with an endorsement of passmine him, to stay. God ever prosper you.

ing it by immediate warrant, and this antedate. Your lordship's true friend

For the antedate, I must present his majesty and devoted servant,

with my caution, and with my obedience. Fr. Bacon, Canc.

For the statute tieth me from antedates; and, March 17, 1617.

indeed, the mischief is infinite: for, by that means the king may grant any land, &c., and take it

away a month hence, and grant it another by an TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM.

antedate. And, surely, were it land or the like, I MY VERY GOOD LORD,

would not say absit, or your majesty cannot do it I pray your lordship to signify to his majesty for the world; or your majesty is sworn, and I am that I thought it my duty to stay at the seal, a sworn; or such brave phrases : but, surely, (I say) book of Sir Francis Steward's and Sir Jamies I would in humbleness represent it to his majesty Averlony, &c., of £200 land in charge in fee sim But the case of honour differeth; for, therein ple: my reasons.

his majesty's prerogative and declaration is absoFirst, It is a perpetuity, and so much rent in lute, and he may make him that is last to be first. diminution of revenue certain.

And, therefore, upon his majesty's signification

of a

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of his pleasure upon the endorsement of the bill | hath been yielded communibus annis, by a medium signed, I take it I may lawfully do it.

of seven years. If the king be pleased to grant I am here rejoicing with my neighbours, the me this, it will a little warm the honour he hath townsmen of St. Albans, for this happy day, the given me; and I shall have a new occasion to be 5th of August, 1618.

as I ever have been, and shall be Your lordship's most obliged

Your lordship’s obliged friend friend and faithful servant,

and faithful servant, FR. VERULAM, Canc.

FR. VERULAM, Canc. storhambury.

York House,
October 9th, 1618.



I thank your lordship for your last loving letter. My very GOOD LORD, I now write to give the king an account of the This morning Mr. Attorney came to me and patent I have stayed at the seal. It is of licence desired of me many writs of ne exeat regnum to give in mortmain eight hundred pounds land, against most of the Dutch merchants, and withal though it be in tenure in chief to Allen, that was let me understand that there was a discovery of the player, for an hospital.

an infinite transportation of gold and silver out I like well that Allen playeth the last act of his of this realm, by the said Dutch merchants, life so well; but if his majesty give way thus to amounting to millions; and that Sir John Britten amortize his tenures, his courts of wards will had made a book thereof, and presented the same decay, which I had well hoped should improve. to his majesty; and further that his majesty had

But that which moved me chiefly is, that his directed him to prosecute the same; and had also majesty now lately did absolutely deny Sir Henry given to Sir Thomas Vavisor the forfeiture of Savile for two hundred pounds, and Sir Edwin such ten of them as he should choose. Sandys for one hundred pounds, to the perpetuat

Hereupon, I thought it my duty, as in a matter ing of two lectures, the one in Oxford, the other in of great weight, to signify to his majesty, by your Cambridge, foundations of singular honour to his lordship, what I conceive. majesty, (the best learned of kings,) and of which The discovery I think very happy: for, if it be there is great want; whereas, hospitals abound, true, it will be a great benefit to his majesty; it and beggars abound never a whit the less. will also content his people much, and it will

If his majesty do like to pass the book at all ; demonstrate also that Scotland is not the leech yet if he would be pleased to abridge the eight (as some discoursers say,) but the Netherlanders hundred pounds to five hundred pounds, and then that suck the realm of treasure; so that the thing give way to the other two books for the Univer- is very good. sity, it were a princely work. And I would make But, two things I must represent to his maan humble suit to the king, and desire your lord- jesty: the first, that if I stay merchants from ship to join in it, that it might be so.

their trading by this writ, I must do it either ex preserve and prosper you.

officin, or by special warrant from his majesty. Your lordship's most obliged

If ex officio, then I must have more than a bare friend and faithful servant,

surmise to grant the writ upon, so as I must be FR. VERULAM, Canc. acquainted with the grounds, or at least appearYork House, this

ance of proofs. If by special warrant, then I 18th of August, 1618.

desire to receive the same. The other is that I I have written to my Lord Chamberlain, being humbly beseech his majesty that these royal Chancellor of Oxford, to help in the business. boughs of forfeiture may not be vintaged, or

cropped by private suitors, (considering his majesty's state as it is,) but that Sir Thomas Viva.

sor or Sir John Brittain may have a bountiful and TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM.

gracious reward of their discovery, but not the MY VERY GOO LORD,

prime, or without stint. Looking for matter of service, I have found out In sum, I would wish his majesty to refer the 2 suit for myself, and it is proper for me more whole business and carriage of the same for his than all men, because it is within the accompt of honour and profit to the commissioners of treathe hanaper. But I have made a law to myself, sure, or because it is a legal forfeiture to myself, Mr. that I will never beg any thing, which shall not Chancellor, Sir Edward Coke, and my Lord Chief liring a gain to the king; therefore, my suit is to Justice of England, and by us his majesty shall sarm the profits of the alienations, yielding a be assured to know the best cause for his justice, thousand pounds a year more to the king than honour, and profit, and that he may dispose what

God ever

works upon

bounty he will. God ever preserve and prosper of the pursuivants in a way, which I think will you.

be best by a commission of Oyer and Terminer; Your lordship's most obliged

for the Star Chamber (without confession) is long friend and faithful servant, seas. I should advise that this point of the

FR. VERULAM, Canc. pursuivants were not single, but that it be coupled York House,

in the commission with the offences of keepers October 19, 1618.

of prisons hereabouts, it hath a great affinity; for pursuivants are but ambulatory keepers, and it

the same party (of the Papists.) And TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. it is that wherein many of his majesty's and the MY VERY GOOD LORD,

council's severe charges have been hitherto unThis long book which I send for his majesty's have some other reasons for it. But of this it

fruitful: and it doth a great deal of mischief. I signature, was upon a conference and consult yesternight, (at which time I was assisted by the will be fittest to advertise more particularly what two chief justices, and attended by the surveyor, with the chief justice. I am wonderful glad to

I have resolved of on advice, upon conference attorney, and receiver of the court of wards, Fleetwood,) framed and allowed.

hear of the king's good health. God preserve It is long, because we all thought fit not to

his majesty and your lordship. I ever rest piece new instructions with old instructions, but

Your lordship’s most obliged

friend and faithful servant, to reduce both old and new into one body of instructions. I do not see that of the articles, which


Gorhambury, this last are many, any could have been spared. They are of July, 1619. plain, but they have a good property, that they will take fast hold. I may not trouble his majesty with choosing some of them in particular, when all are good, only I think fit to let his majesty TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. know of one, which is, that according to his own directions, the oath of making no private unlaw- My very good Lord, ful profit is now as well translated to the master

I think it my duty to let his majesty know and officers that may take, as to the parties and what I find in this cause of the ore tenus: for as suitors that may give.

his majesty hath good experience, that when his It little becometh me to possess his majesty

business comes upon the stage, I carry it with that this will be to his majesty's benefit ten strength and resolution, so in the proceedings, I thousands yearly, or fifteen thousands, or twenty

love thousands; for those rattles are fitter for mountebanks of service than grave counsellors.

But hoped by the care I had taken, the business would my advices (as far as I am able to discern) tend go well, but without that care, I was sure it or extend but to thus much: this is his majesty's would not go well: this I ineant, because I had

had conference with the two chief justices, Sir surest and easiest may for his most good.

Sir Miles Fleetwood, who both now and hereto- Edward Coke being present, and handled the fore, hath done very good service in this, meriteth matter so, that not without much ado, I left to be particularly from your lordship encouraged: both the chief justices firm to the cause and which I beseech your lordship not to forget. God

satisfied. ever prosper you.

But calling to mind that in the main business, Your lordship's most faithful

notwithstanding I and the chief justices went one bounden friend and servant,

way, yet the day was not good, (and I should be FR. VERULAM, Canc.

| loath to see more of such days,) I am not withThis 4th of

out some apprehension; for though we have Sir December, 1618.

Edward Coke earnest and forward, insomuch as he advised the ore tenus, before I knew it at

Wansted, and now bound the Dutchmen over to TO TIJE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM.

the Star Chamber, before I was made privy;

unto both which proceedings, I did nevertheless My very GOOD LORD,

give approbation : yet if there should be either I send his majesty a volume of my Lord of the major part of the votes the other way, or any Bangor's and my Lord Sheffield, whereof I spake main distraction, though we bear it through, I . when I left his majesty at Theobald's. His ma- should think it a matter full of inconvenience. jesty may be pleased at his own good time and but that which gives me most to think, is the pleasure to cast his eye upon it. I purpose at my carriage of Mr. Attorney, which sorteth neither coming to London to confer with the chief justice with the business nor with himself; for as I hear as his majesty appointed; and to put the business from divers, and partly perceive, he is fallen fronı


Hey I wrote to your lordship by my last, that I

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