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man and wife, which in religion and Christian ' match of Sir John Villiers, which I take to be discretion is disliked.

magnum in parvo: preserving always the laws Thirdly, Your lordship will go near to lose all and duties of a firm friendship to my Lord of such your friends as are adverse to Sir Edward Buckingham, whom I will never cease to love, Coke, (myself only except, who out of a pure and to whom I have written already, but have not love and thankfulness shall ever be firm to you.) heard yet from his lordship.

And, lastly, and chiefly, (believe it,) It will But, first, I have three suits to make to your greatly weaken and distract the king's service; majesty, hoping well you will grant them all. for though, in regard of the king's great wisdom The first is, That if there be any merit in drawand depth, I am persuaded those things will not ing on that match, your majesty would bestow the follow which they imagine; yet, opinion will do thanks not upon the zeal of Sir Edward Coke to a great deal of harm, and cast the king back, and please your majesty, nor upon the eloquent persuamake him relapse into those inconveniencies sions or pragmaticals of Mr. Secretary Winwood, which are now well on to be recovered.

but upon them that, carrying your commandments Therefore, my advice is, and your lordship and directions with strength and justice, in the shall do yourself a great deal of honour, if, ac matter of the Governor of Diepe, in the maller cording to religion and the law of God, your lord- of Sir Robert Rich, and in the matter of protectship will signify unto my lady your mother, that ing the lady, according to your majesty's com your desire is, that the marriage be not pressed or mandment, have so humbled Sir Edward Coke, proceeded in without the consent of both parents, as he seeketh now that with submission which and so either break it altogether, or defer any as your majesty knoweth) before he rejected further delay in it till your lordship’s return: and with scorn: for this is the true orator that hath this the rather, for that (besides the inconvenience persuaded this business, as I doubt not but your of the matter itself) it hath been carried so majesty in your excellent wisdom doth easily harshly and inconsiderately by Secretary Win- discern. wood, as, for doubt that the father should take My second suit is, That your majesty would away the maiden by force, the mother to get the not think me so pusillanimous, as that I, that start hath conveyed her away secretly; which is when I was but Mr. Bacon, had ever (through ill of all sides. Thus, hoping your lordship will your majesty's favour) good reason at Sir Edward not only accept well, but believe my faithful ad-Coke's hands, when he was at the greatest, vice, who by my great experience in the world should now that your majesty of your great goodmust needs see further than your lordship can. ness hath placed me so near your chair, (being as I ever rest

I hope by God's grace, and your instructions, Your lordship's true and most devoted made a servant according to your heart and hand,) friend and servant,

fear him or take umbrage of him, in respect of Fr. Bacon, C. S. mine own particular.

My third suit is, That if your majesty be I have not heard from your lordship since I sent resolved the match shall go on, after you have the king my last account of council business, but heard my reasons to the contrary, I may receive I assure myself you received it, because I sent at therein your particular will and commandments the same time a packet to Secretary Laque, who from yourself, that I may conform myself therehath signified to me that he hath received it.

unto, imagining with myself (though I will not I pray your lordship deliver to his majesty this wager on women's minds) that I can prevail more little note of Chancery business.

with the mother than any other man. For, if I July 12, 1617.

should be requested in it from my Lord of Buckingham, the answers of a true friend ought to be, That I had rather go against bis mind than against his good: but your majesty I must obey; and,

besides, I shall conceive that your majesty, out IT MAY PLEASE YOUR MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY, of your great wisdom and depth, doth see those

I think it agreeable to my duty, and the great things which I see not. obligation wherein I am tied to your majesty, to Now, therefore, not to hold your majesty with be freer than other men in giving your majesty many words, (which do but drown matter,) let faithful counsel, while things are in passing; me most humbly desire your majesty to take into and more bound than other men in doing your your royal consideration, that the state is at this commandments, when your resolution is settled time not only in good quiet and obedience, but in and made known to me.

good affection and disposition. Your majesty's I shall, therefore, most humbly crave pardon prerogative and authority having risen some just from your majesty, if in plainness and no less degrees above the horizon more than heretofore, humbleness I deliver to your majesty my honest which hath dispersed vapours: your judges are in and disinterested opinion in the business of the good temper, your justices of peace (which is the


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body of the gentleman of England) grow to be queen's bill, which I send your lordship. The loving and obsequious, and to be weary of the payment is not out of lands, but out of the cushumour of ruffling; all mutinous spirits grow to toms, and so it can be but the rent. Your lordbe a little poor and to draw in their horns, and not ship remembereth, it is but in a case which, I the less for your majesty's disauctorizing the man hope, shal. never be; that is, after his majesty's I speak of. Now, then, I reasonably doubt, that death, if she survive. God ever bless and direct if there be but an opinion of his coming in with you. the strength of such an alliance, it will give a Your lordship's most faithful and turn and relapse in men's minds into the former

devoted friend and servant, state of things hardly to be holpen, to the great

Fr. Bacon, C. S. weakening of your majesty's service.

Gorhambury, this

25th of July, 1617. Again, Your majesty may have perceived that, as far as it was fit for me in modesty to advise, I was ever for a Parliament, (which seemeth to me to be cardo rerum, or summa summarum, for the present occasions.) But this my advice was ever conditional, that your majesty should go to a Par- MY VERY GOOD LORD, liament with a council united and not distracted; I now only send my best wishes, to follow you and that your majesty will give me leave never to at sea and land, with due thanks for your late expect, if that man come in. Not for any differ- great favours. God knows whether the length ence of mine own, (for I am omnibus omnia for of your voyage will not exceed the size of my your majesty's service,) but because he is by na- hour-glass; but whilst I live, my affection to do ture unsociable, and by habit popular, and too old you service shall remain quick under the ashes of now to take a new ply. And men begin already my fortune. to collect, yea, and to conclude, that he that raiseth such a smoke to get in, will set all on fire when he is in.

It may please your majesty, now I have said, I Sir, In this solitude of friends, which is the have done : and, as I think I have done a duty not base court of adversity, where nobody, almost, unworthy the first year of your last high favour, will be seen stirring, I have often remembered I most humbly pray your majesty to pardon me, this Spanish saying, Anor sin fin, no tiene fin. if in any thing I have erred; for, my errors shall This bids me make choice of your friend and mine always be supplied by obedience; and so I con- for his noble succours; not now towards the asclude with my prayers for the happy preservation piring, but only the respiring of my fortunes. I, of your majesty's person and estate.

who am a man of books, have observed, that he Your majesty's most humble, bounden, hath both the magnanimity of the old Romans,

and most devoted servant, and the cordiality of the old English, and, withal, Fr. Bacon, C. S.

I believe he hath the wit of both : sure I am, that, From Gorhambury,

for myself, I have found him in both my fortunes, this 25th of July, 1617.

to esteem me so much above my just value, and to love me so much above the possibility of deserving, or obliging on my part, as if he were a

friend created and reserved for such a time as this. TO THE EARL OF BUCKINGHAM.

You know what I have to say to the great lord, MY VERY GOOD LORD,

and I conceive it cannot pass so fitly to him, by I do think long to hear from your lordship, the mouth of any, as of this gentleman; and touching my last letter, wherein I gave you my therefore do your best (which, I know, will be of opinion touching your brother's match. As I then power enough) to engage him, both in the subshowed my dislike of the matter, so the carriage stance and to the secrecy of it; for I can think of of it here in the manner I dislike as much. If

no man but yourself to be used by me in this, your lordship think it is humour or interest in me who are so private, so faithful, and so discreet a that leads me, God judge my sincerity. But, I friend to us both; as, on the other side, I dare must say, that in your many noble favours to swear he is, and know myself to be as true to wards me, they ever moved and flowed from

you as your own heart. yourself, and not from any of your friends whatsoever; and, therefore, in requital, give me leave that my counsels to you again be referred to your happiness, and not to the desire of any of your

TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. friends. I shall ever give you, as I give my mas- MY VERY GOOD LORD, ter, safe counsel, and such as time will approve. Yesterday, I know, was no day; now I hope I

I received, yesterday, from Mr. Attorney, the shall hear from your lordship, who are my anchor



in these foods. Meanwhile, to ease my heart, I

TO THE EARL OF BUCKINGHAM. nave written to his majesty the enclosed, * which, MY VERY GOOD LORD, I pray your lordship, to read advisedly, and to I send your lordship the certificate* touching deliver it, or not to deliver it, as you think good. the enrolment of prentices. We can find no God ever prosper your lordship.

ground for it by law. Myself shall ever be ready Yours ever, &c.

to further things that your lordship commendeth; Fr. St. ALBAN, Canc. but where the matter will not bear it, your lordMarch 25, 1620.

ship I know will think not the worse, but the bet-
ter of me, if I signify the true state of things
to your lordship; resting ever
Your lordship's true friend

and devoted servant,
My very GOOD LORD,
Since my last to your lordship, I did first send York House, this 29th of October, 1617.

Fr. Bacon, C. S. for Mr. Attorney-General, and made him know, that since I heard from court, I was resolved to further the match and the conditions thereof, for your lordship's brother's advancement the best I could. I I did send, also, to my Lady Hatton, and My very cooD LORD, some other special friends, to let them know, I The liking which his majesty hath of our proceed. would in any thing declare myself for the match; ing, concerning his household, telleth me that his which I did, to the end that, if they had any majesty cannot but dislike the declining and terapprehension of any assistance, they might be dis- giversation of the inferior officers, which by this couraged in it. I sent also to Sir John Butler, time he understandeth. ind after by letter to my lady, your mother, to There be but four kinds of retrenchments: 1. tender my performance of any good office towards The union of tables ; 2. The putting down of the match or the advancement from the mother. tables; 3. The abatement of dishes to tables; 4, This was all I could think of for the present. The cutting off new diets and allowance lately

I did ever foresee, that this alliance would go raised; and yet perhaps such as are more necesnear to leese me your lordship, that I hold so sary than some of the old. dear; and that was the only respect particular to In my opinion the first is the best and most myself that moved me to be as I was, till I heard feasible. The lord chamberlain's table is the

But I will rely upon your constancy principal table of state. The lord steward's and nature, and my own deserving, and the firm table is much frequented by Scottish gentlemien. tie we have in respect of the king's service. Your lordship’s table hath a great attendance ;

In the mean time I must a little complain to and the groom of the stole's table is much resortyour lordship, that I do hear my lady your mothered to by the bedchamber. These would not be and your brother Sir John do speak of me with touched; but for the rest, (his majesty's case consome bitterness and neglect. I must bear with sidered,) I think they may well be united into the one as a lady, and the other as a lover, and one. with both for your lordship’s sake, whom I will These things are out of my element, but my make judge of any thing they shall have against care runneth where the king's state most laboureth : me. But I hope, though I be a true servant to Sir Lyonel Cranfield is yet sick, for which I am your lordship, you will not have me to be a vassal very sorry; for methinks his majesty, upon these 10 their passions, specially as long as they are tossings over of his business from one to others governed by Sir Edward Coke and Secretary Winwood, the latter of which I take to be the

* The Certificate :worst; for Sir Edward Coke I think is more According to bis majesty's command, signified by your Jord modest and discreet. Therefore your lordship ship's letters, we have advisedly considered of the petition shall do me right, and yet I shall take it for favour the petitioners' counsel, and do find as followeth:

touching the enrolnient of apprentices' indentures, and heard if you signify to thein that you have received sa- 1. That the act of parliament 5° Eliz. doth not warrant the tisfaction from me, and would have them use me erecting of an office to enrol such indentures in cities, towns

corporate, or market towns. But if any such enrolment should friendly, and in good manner. God keep us from be, it must be by the officers there, who are assigned to perthese long journeys and absence, which make form sundry other things touching apprentices and servants. misunderstandings and give advantage to untruth,

2. That in country villages (for which the suit carries most

colour) we cannot give the suitors hope, that any profit will and God ever prosper and preserve your lordship. be there made warrantable by law. Your lordship's true and

Thus we have (according to our duties) certified our opinions devoted friend and servant,

of this petition, submitting the same, nevertheless, to his

majesty's great wisdom; and rest, Fr. Bacon, C. S.

Oct. 25, 1617.

At your lordship's command, Gorhambury, this 238 of Aug. 1617.

from you.



p. 22


hath an apt occasion to go on with subcommittees.

God ever preserve and prosper you.

My very good LORD,
Your lordship's true friend

I send your lordship a draught of a letter touchand devoted servant, ing the sub-commission, * written in wide lines, York House, Nov. 19, 1617. Fra. Bacon, C. S. because it may be the better amended by his

majesty. I think it is so penned as none can except to it, no, nor imagine any thing of it. For

the household-business there was given a fortTO THE EARL OF BUCKINGHAM.

night's day: for the pensions, the course which I MY VERY GOOD LORD,

first propounded of abating of a third throughout, Yesterday at afternoon were read at the table and some wholly, seemeth well entered into. his majesty's two letters, written with his own These be no ill beginnings. But this course of hand, the matter worthy the hand; for they were the sub-commission thrids all the king's business. written ex arle imperandi, if I can judge ; and I God ever preserve and prosper you. hope they and the like will disenchant us of the Your lordship's true friend and devoted servant, opinion, which yet sticks with us, that to-day

FR. Bacon, C.S. will be as yesterday, and to-morrow as to-day, so

York House, 27th Nov. 1617. as there will be (as he saith) acribus initiis, fine

Sir Lyonel Cranfield is now reasonably well incurioso.

recovered. I hold my opinion given in my former letter, that the uniting of some tables is the most passable way ; but that is not all, for when that is done, the king may save greatly in that which TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. remaineth. For if it be set down what tables MY VERY GOOD LORD, shall be fixed, and what diet allowed to them, my I thought fit by this, my private letter to your steward (as ill a mesnager as I am,) or my Lord lordship, to give you an account of such business Mayor's steward, can go near to tell what charge as your lordship hath recommended unto me, will go near to maintain the proportion; then add that you may perceive that I have taken that care to that some large allowance for waste (because of them I ought, and ever shall in those things the king shall not leese his prerogative to be de- you recommend or remit to me. ceived more than other men,) and yet no question For the suit of the ale-houses which concernthere will be a great retrenchment. But against eth your brother, Mr. Christopher Villiers, and this last abatement will be fronted the payment Mr. Patrick Mawle, I have conferred with my of arrears. But I confess, I would be glad that I lord chief justice and Mr. Solicitor thereupon, and might see, or rather, that a parliament may see, there is a scruple in it, that it should be one of and chiefly that the king (for his own quiet) may see, that upon such a sum paid such an annual

Draught of the Subcommission : retrenchment will follow : for things will never My Lords,

In this first and greatest branch of our charge concerning be done in act, except they be first done in

our house we do find what difficulties are made, and what conceit.

time is lost, in disputing and of devising upon the manner of I know these things do not pertain to me; for doing it, whereof the matter must be, and is so fully resolved. my part is to acquit the king's office towards God, Neither can we but see in this, as in a glass, the like event to

follow in the rest upon like reason. For the inferior officers by administration of justice, and to oblige the in every kind, who are best able for skill to propound the rehearts of his people to him by the same, and to trenchments, will, out of interest or fearfulness, make dainty maintain his prerogative. But yet because it is to do service; and that which is done with an ill-will will

Again, to make it the act of the whole in hnc, that the king's case laboureth, I cannot but table, for the particular propositions and reckonings, will be yield my care and my strength too in counsel, too tedious for you, and will draw the business itself into such as it is, which cannot be so much as it was length; and to make any particular committees of yourselves

were to impose that upon a few which requireth to be carried between our Lady-day, and Michaelmas last. indifferently as the act of you all. For since the great officers But whatsoever it is, it is wholly his majesty's themselves think it too heavy for them, as our state now is, without any deflexion.

to deal in it, without bringing it to the table, with niuch inore

reason may any particular persons of you be loath to meddle As soon as I find any possibility of health in in it, but ai the board. In all which respects we have thought Sir Lyonel Cranfield to execute a sub-commission, fit

, (neither do we see any other way,) ihat you send unto 18 I will by conference with him frame a draught of the names of the officers of our Exchequer and our Custom

House, and auditors out of which we will make choice of a letter fronı his majesty, for which there is the sone few, best qualified to be subcommittees, for the better fairest occasion in the world; and the king hath ease and the speeding of the business by their continual

travails and meetings: whose part and employment we prepared it as well as possible. God ever pre- incline to be to attend the principal officers in their several serve and prosper you.

charges, and join themselves to some of the inferior officers, Your lordship’s true friend

and so take upon them the mechanic and la borious part of and devoted servant,

every business, thereby to facilitate and prepare it for your

consultations, according to the directions ard instructio: s Inrk Ilouse, Nov. 22, 1617. Fr. Bacon, C. S.

they shall receive from you from to time. Vol. III.-11

never be well done.


the grievances put down in parliament; which if ted, being principal sinews of his majesty's au it be, I may not in my duty and love to you ad- thority. Therefore the course will be (as I amu

I vise you to deal in it; if it be not, I will mould advised) that for this heinous misprison (that the it in the best manner and help it forward. The party without all colour or shadow of cause should stay is upon the search of the clerk of the parlia- threaten the life of his judge, and of the highest ment, who is out of town; but we have already judge of the kingdom next his majesty) he be found, that the last grievance in 7 mo. is not the same first examined, and if he confess it, then an ore with this suit; but we doubt yet of another in 30. tenus ; if he confess it not, then an information in the

For the business of Mr. Leviston, for your Star Chamber, and he to remain where he is till lordship’s sake (who I perceive keeps your noble the hearing. But I do purposely forbear yet to course with me, in acquainting me with these have him examined till the decree or agreement things) I shall apply myself unto you, though in between him and my Lord Aubigny (which is my nature I do desire that those that serve in the now ready) be perfected, lest it should seem an court where I sit, though they be not in places oppression by the terror of the one to beat him of my gift, and so concerns not me nor my place down in the other. Thus I ever rest in profit; yet I wish, I say, I might leave them Your lordship's true friend and devoted servant, in as good case as I find them. And this suit

Fr. Bacon, Canc. concerneth the main profii of the six clerks, who York House, Jan. 251h, 1617. though they be of the master of the rolls his gift, I pray your lordship to pardon me, if, in respect yet they serve in my court. But my greatest of a little watering in one of mine eyes, I have doubt is, that the grant cannot be good in law; written this letter, being long and private busiand that it is not like those other precedents, ness, in my secretary's hand. whereof I have received a note. For the difference is, where things have been written by all the clerks indifferently and loosely, (in which case the king may draw them into an office,) and where they have appertained to one especial office; IT MAY PLEASE YOUR MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY, in which case the king can no more take away Finding as well by your majesty's despatches the profits of a man's office than he can the pro- and directions to your council, as now by speech fits of his land. Therefore, I think your lordship with Mr. Secretary Laque, that your majesty is may do well to write to Mr. Solicitor and Ser- content to be troubled with business of sundry jeant Finch, or some other lawyers that you trust, natures, I thought good, according to the duty of or such as Mr. Leviston trusteth, being persons of my place and the necessity of the occasion, to put account, to inform you of the point in law before you your majesty in mind, that on this day sennight, proceed any further: for without that all is in vain. being Friday in the morning, I ain, according to

For the business of Hawkyns, touching the custom, to give a charge and admonition to the register for the commission of bankrupts, I am judges and justices of peace now before the cirnot yet satisfied, likewise for the law, nor for the cuits, wherein I am humbly to crave your maconveniency, but I rather incline to think it may jesty's pleasure and directions. pass; and I have set it in a course by which I I have for your majesty's better ease set down may be thoroughly informed.

the heads, which by the prescript of your book, For Sir Rowland Egerton's cause, and his and out of the consideration of the present times, lady's, the parties have submitted themselves I have thought fittest to be remembered. I have unto me, and are content to do it by bond, and also sent your majesty the last account of the therefore, I will undoubtedly make an end of it judges' circuits, not to trouble you with the readaccording to justice and conscience.

ing of them all; but to the end, that if upon my For Sir Gilbert Houghton's business I am in inemorial, or otherwise out of your majesty's own very good hope to effect your lordship's desire for memory which is above memorials, you should his good.

have occasion to resort to those accounts, the For Moore's business, concerning the printing papers may be by you. of books, after hearing all parties, I have sealed The point of greatest weight in my opinion is nis patent; but for his former patent of salt I the carrying of a balanced hand at this time in dare not do it without acquainting the council the matter of recusants, in regard of the treaty therewith, which I am ready to do, if he require with Spain. For it were good in respect of your that course to be taken.

people, that there were no note made, that the If bis majesty at any time ask, touching the string is relaxed, and in respect of the treatr, Lord Clifton's business, I pray your lordship that it is not strained: and therefore the proceedrepresent to his majesty thus much, that whatso- ing in those causes be rather diligent than severe. cver hath passed I thank God I neither fear him I am wonderful glad to hear that this extremity nor hate him; but I am wonderful careful of the of weather, which I think the Muscovite hath seat of justice, that they may still be well muni brought with him, hath not touched your majesty,

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