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MSS. OF THE LORD BACON.
My design of a translation of the Natural | from one not a native, in his first essay, and growHistory has not succeeded so happily as I could ing in knowledge together with his years, if they wish, as you will perceive by the specimen which be many, no man needs wonder on it, who underI send to you. Wherefore I desired him who had stands the physiological variety of an argument undertaken the work to desist from it, he having of such extent, and rendered difficult by such an done only that little which you will see in a few heap of things of which it consists, and for the leaves; whereas, he undertook the doing of the expressing of which there is not a supply of whole two years ago. I am not yet resolved words from the ancients, but some of a new about the time of my returning into France. I stamp, and such as may serve for present use, will let you know it ere I go, and tell you by are required.) I entreat you not to deny me the whom our letters may be conveyed to one another. sight of them, that so I may compare them with Farewell.
the corrections which my brother (now with God) Reverend sir,
did make with a very great deal of pains. But, Your most humble servant,
whether the truth of them answers his diligence, Ælius DEODATE, Advocate. will be best understood by yourself, and those London, April 4, !633.
few others by whom such elegancies can be rightly judged of.
I send you here a catalogue of these writings* TRANSLATION OF THE FIRST LETTER OF MR. ISAAC which I had in MS. out of the study of Sir WilGRUTER, TO DR. RAWLEY, CONCERNING THE liam Boswel, and which I now have hy me, either
written by the Lord Bacon himself, or by some To the Reverend and most Learned William English amanuensis, but by him revised; as the Rawley, Isaac Gruter wisheth much health.
same Sir William Boswel (who was pleased to Reverend Sir,
admit me to a most intimate familiarity with him) By reason of the immature death of my brother, did himself tell me. Among my copies (as the to whom we owe the Latin translation of the Lord catalogue which comes with this letter shows) Bacon's Natural History, I have been forced to you will find the History of Rare and Dense Bostay a long while in our native country of Zealand, dies, but imperfect, though carried on to some in order to the settling of the domestic affairs of length. the person deceased. Returning home to Holland, I had once in my hands an entire and thick I found your letter, which, I assure you, was most volume concerning heavy and light hodies, but acceptable to me; yet, at this I was concerned, consisting only of a naked delineation of the that my necessary absence from the Hague had model, which the Lord Bacon had framed in his occasioned so late an answer to it. He deserves head, in titles of matters, without any description pardon who offends against his will : and who of the matters themselves. There is here enwill endeavour to make amends for this involun- closed a copy of that contexture,t containing only tary delay, by the study of such kindness as shall the heads of the chapters, and wanting a full hanbe vigilant in offices of friendship, as often as dling from that rude draught, which supplement I occasion shall be offered.
despair of. The design of him who translated into French For the book of dense and rare bodies which the Natural History of the Lord B.:con, of which you have by you, perfected by the author's last I'd
gave account in my former letters, is briefly hand, as likewise the Fragments, which are an exhibited in my brother's preface, which I desire appendix to it, I could wish that they might be you to peruse; as, also, in your next letter, to send here published in Holland, together with those me your judgment concerning such errors as may hitherto unpublished philosophical papers copied have been committed by him.
by me, out of MSS. of Sir William Boswel; That edition of my brother's, of which you seeing, if they come out together, they will set off write that you read it with a great deal of pleasure, and commend one another. shall shortly be set forth with his amendments, I have begun to deal with a printer, who is a together with some additions of the like argument man of great diligence and curiosity. I will so to be substituted in the place of the New Atlantis, order the matter, that you shall have no reason to which shall be there onnitted. These additions complain of my fidelity and candour, if you leave will be the same with those in the version of the that edition to me. Care shall be taken by me, forementioned Frenchman, put into Latin; seeing that it be not done without honourable mention of we could not find the English originals from yourself; but be it what it will, you shall resolve which he translates them, unless you, when you upon; it shall abate nothing of the offices of our see the book, shall condemn those additions as adulterate.
* These were the papers which I. Gruter afterwards For your observations on those places, either published, under the title of Scripta Philosophica. not rightly understood, or not accurately turned
+ This letter came to my hands without that copy. See,
in lieu of it, Topica de Gravi et Levi, in lib. v. cap. 3 De out of the English by you published, (which, Augm. Scien.
friendship, which, from this beginning of it, shall friend, and to whose care, in my matters, I owe still further be promoted upon all occasions.
i all regard and affection, yet without diminution Lewis Elzevir wrote me word lately, from of that part (and that no small one neither) in Amsterdam, that he was designed to begin shortly, which Dr. Rawley hath place : so that the souls an edition in quarto of all the works of the Lord of us three so throughly agreeing, may be aptly Bacon, in Latin or English; but not of the Eng-, said to have united in a friya. lish without the translation of them into Latin : Though I thought that I had already sufficiently and he desired my advice, and any assistance I showed what veneration I had for the illustrious could give himn by manuscripts or translations, to Lord Verulam, yet I shall take such care for the the end that, as far as possible, those works future, that it may not possibly be denied, that I might come abroad with advantage, which have endeavoured most zealously to make this thing been long received with the kindest eulogies, known to the learned world. and with the most attested applause of the learned But neither shall this design, of setting forth world. If you have any thing in your mind, or in one voluine all the Lord Bacon's works, proyour hands, whence we may hope for assistance ceed without consulting you, and without invitin so famous a design, and conducing so much to ing you to cast in your symbol, worthy such an the honour of those who are instrumental in it, excellent edition : that so the appetite of the pray let me know it, and reckon me henceforth reader, provoked already by his published works, amongst the devout honourers of the name of the may be further gratified by the pure novelty of so Lord Bacon, and of your own virtues.
considerable an appendage. Farewell. For the French interpreter, who patched to
gether his things I know not whence,* and tacked I expect from you what you know about the
that motley piece to him; they shall not have ancestors of the Lord Bacon, especially concerning his father, Nicholas Bacon, concerning his obtain your leave to publish apart, as an appendix
place in this great collection. But yet I hope to youth, his studies in Cambridge, his travels, his
to the Natural History, that exotic work, gathered honours, his office of chancellor, and his deposal will undertake in a more florid and free style, Latin. For seeing the genuine pieces of the Lord from it by sentence of parliament. The former I together, from this and the other place [of his
lordship's writings) and by me translated into expatiating in his just praises ; the latter, with a Bacon are already extant, and in many hands, it wary pen, lest out of my commentary of the life of this most learned man, matter be offered of understand of what threads the texture of that
is necessary that the foreign reader be given to pernicious prating, to slanderers and men of dis- book consists, and how much of truth there is in honest tempers.
that which that shameless person does, in his From the llague, May 29, 1652.
preface to the reader, so stupidly write of you.
My brother, of blessed memory, turned his words into Latin, in the first edition of the Na
tural History, having some suspicion of the fideISAAC GRUTER, TO DR. RAWLEY, CONCERNING lity of an unknown author. I will
, in the second edition, repeat them, and with just severity ani.
madvert upon them : that they, into whose hands To the Reverend William Rawley, D. D., Isaac that work comes, may know it to be supposititious, Gruter wisheth much health.
or rather patched up of many distinct pieces; Reverend Sir,- It is not just to complain of how much soever the author bears hiinself upon the slowness of your answer, seeing that the the specious title of Verulam. difficulty of the passage, in the season in which Unless, perhaps, I should particularly suggest you wrote, which was towards winter, might in your name, that these words were there inserted, easily cause it to come no faster : seeing like- by way of caution; and lest malignity and rashwise there is so much to be found in it which may ness should any way blemish the fame of so emigratify desire, and perhaps so much the more the nent a person. longer it was ere it came to my hands. And al
Si me, fata, meis, paterentur ducere vitam aus. though I had little to send back, besides my piciis-(to use the words of Virgil.) If my fate thanks for the little index,* yet that seemed to would permit me to live according to my wishes, me of such moment that I would no longer sup. I would fly over into England, that I might behold press them: especially because I accounted it a whatsoever remainoth in your cabinet of the Vecrime to have suffered Mr. Smith† to have been rulamian workmanship, and at least make my without an answer : Mr. Smith, my most kind eyes witnesses of it, if the possession of the mer
chandise be yet denied to the public. • A note of some papers of the Lord Bacon's in D. R.'s hands.
# of Christ's College, in Cambridge, and keeper of the * Certain spurious papers added to his translation of the public library there.
Advancement of Learning.
TRANSLATION OF THE SECOND LETTER OF MR.
THE WRITINGS OF THE LORD BACON.
At present I will support the wishes of my im- Now, the gift is by so much the greater, by patient desire, with hope of seeing, one day, those how much the more benefit I reaped by diligent (issues] which being committed to faithful pri- reading of those papers, and by comparing them vacy, wait the time till they may safely see the with some of the Lord Bacon's works, which I light, and not be stifled in their birth.
myself had formerly published. For, to you we I wish, in the mean time, I could have a sight owe the more enlarged history de denso et raro, of the copy of the epistle to Sir Henry Savil, as also many other things contained in that concerning the helps of the intellectual powers: volume, which saw not the light before. for I am persuaded, as to the other Latin remains, paper I wonder I saw not amongst them, the that I shall not obtain, for present use, the remo- epistle of the Lord Bacon to Sir Henry Savil, val of them from the place in which they now about the helps of the intellectual powers, spoken Farewell.
of long ago in your letters, under that or some Maestricht, March 20,
such title, if my memory does not deceive me. New Style, 1655.
If it was not forgotten, and remains among your private papers, I should be glad to see a copy of
it, in the use of which my faithfulness shall not TRANSLATION OF THE THIRD LETTER WRITTEN be wanting. But perhaps it is written in the
BY MR. ISAAC GRUTER, TO DR. RAWLEY, CON- English tongue, and is a part of that greater
CERNING THE WRITINGS OF THE LORD BACON. volume, which contains only his English works. If To the reverend and most learned William you will please to let me understand so much,
Rawley, D. D., Isaac Gruter wisheth much and likewise give me assurance of obtaining that health.
book, in which the speeches, and it may be the
letters of the Lord Bacon, written by him in REVEREND SIR, AND MY MOST DEAR Friend, English, are digested, you will render your me
How much I hold myself honoured by your mory sacred in my mind, in the veneration of present of the Lord Bacon's Posthumous Works, which, the cheerfulness of a most devoted afferpublished lately by you in Latin, my thanks im- tion shall never be weary. Farewell. mediately returned had let you understand, if ill From Maestricht, from whence, after two or fortune in the passage (which is, for divers causes, three months, I remove to Nimmeghen, nigher to
I uncertain) had not deluded the care of a friend, Holland. But you may convey to me any thing who did here with much readiness undertake the you desire, by Mr. Smith. conveyance of them.
July 1st, New Style, 1659.
NOT PRINTED IN THE PREVIOUS PART OF THIS VOLUME.
TO MR. MATHEWE.
have had no serious speech with him, nor do I
yet know whether any of the doubles of my letter Sir, I was heartily glad to hear that you had have been delivered to the king. It may, perhaps, passed so great a part of your journey in so good have proved your luck to be the first. health. My aim was right in my address of let- Things are here in good quiet. The king acts ters to those persons in the court of Scotland, excellently well; for he puts in clauses of reserwho were likeliest to be used for the affairs of vation to every proviso. He saith, he would be England; but the pace they held was too swift, sorry to have just cause to remove any. He for the men were come away before my letters saith, he will displace none who hath served the could reach them. With the first, I have renewed queen and state sincerely, &c. The truth is, acquaintance, and it was like a bill of revivor, by here be two extremes, soine few would have no way of cross-suits; for he was as ready to have change, no, not reformation. Some many would begun with me. The second did this day arrive, have much change, even with perturbation. God, and look acquaintance with me instantly in the I hope, will direct this wise king to hold a mean Council Chamber, and was willing to entertain between reputation enough, and no terrors. lo me with further demonstrations of confidence, my particular I have many comforts and assu. than I was willing at that time to admit. But, I rances; but, in my own opinion the chief is, that
the canvassing world is gone, and the deserving wishes of your company here, that so you might world is come. And, withal, I find myself as use the same liberty concerning my actions, one awaked out of sleep; which I have not been which now you exercise concerning my writings. this long time, nor could, I think, have been now For that of Queen Elizabeth, your judgment of without such a great noise as this, which yet is the temper, and truth of that part, which concerns in uurà leni. I have written this to you in haste, some of her foreign proceedings, concurs fully my end being no more than to write, and thereby with the judgment of others, to whom I have to make you know that I will ever continue the communicated part of it; and as things go, I same, and still be sure to wish you as heartily suppose they are more likely to be more and more well as to myself.
justified, and allowed.
And, whereas you say, for some other part, that it moves and opens a fair occasion and broad way into some field of
contradiction ; on the other side, it is written to TO MR. MATIIEW.
me from the Leiger at Paris, and some others
also, that it carries a manifest impression of truth SIR-Two letters of mine are now already with it, and it even convinces as it goes. These walking towards you; but so that we might meet, are their very words; which I write not for mine it were no matter though our letters should lose own glory, but to show what variety of opinion their way. I make a shift in the mean time to rises from the disposition of several readers. be glad of your approaches, and would be more And, I must confess my desire to be, that my glad to be an agent for your presence, who have writings should not court the present time, or been a patient for your absence. If your body by some few places in such sorts as might make indisposition make you acknowledge the health- them either less general to persons, or less perful air of your native country, much more do I manent in future ages. As to the Instauration, assure myself that you continue to have your your so full approbation thereof, I read with much mind no way estranged. And, as my trust with comfort, by how much more my heart is upon it; the state is above suspicion, so my knowledge, and by how much less I expected consent and both of your loyalty and honest nature, will ever concurrence in matter so obscure. Of this I can make me show myself your faithful friend, with-assure you, that though many things of great out scruple: you have reason to commend that hope decay with youth, (and multitude of civil gentleman to me by whom you sent your last, businesses is wont to diminish the price, though although his having travelled so long amongst the not the delight, of contemplations,) yet the prosadder nations of the world make him much the ceeding in that work doth gain with me upon my less easy upon small acquaintance to be under- affection and desire, both by years and businesses. stood. I have sent you sorne copies of my book And, therefore, I hope, even by this, that it is of the Advancement, which you desired, and a well pleasing to God, from whom and to whom little work of my recreation, which you desired all good moves. To him I most heartily comnot. My Instauration I reserve for our confer- mend you. ence; it sleeps not. These works of the alphabet are in my opinion of less use to you where you are now, than at Paris; and therefore I conceived that you had sent me a kind of tacit countermand of your former request. But, in regard that som SIR,—Coming back from your invitation at friends of yours have still insisted here, I send Eton, where I had refreshed myself with comthem to you; and, for my part, I value your own pany, which I loved; I fell into a consideration reading more than your publishing them to others. of that part of policy whereof philosophy speaketh Thus, in extreme haste, I have scribbled to you I too much, and laws too little; and that is, of eduknow not what, which, therefore, is the less cation of youth. Whereupon fixing my mind affected, and for that very reason will not be awhile, I found straightways, and noted, even in esteemed the less by you.
the discourses of philosophers, which are so large in this argument, a strange silence concerning one principal part of that subject. For, as touching the framing and seasoning of youth
to moral virtues, (as tolerance of labours, contiSır,-thank you for your last, and pray you nency from pleasures, obedience, honour, and the to believe, that your liberty in giving opinion of like,) they handle it; but touching the impro ethose writings which I sent you, is that which I ment and helping of the intellectual powers, as sought, which I expected, and which I take in of conceit, memory, and judgment, they say no. exceeding good part; so good, as that it makes thing; whether it were, that they thought it in me recontinue, or rather continue my hearty l be a matter wherein nature only prevailed, or that
TO SIR HENRY SAVILLE,
TO MR. MATHEW.
TO THE KING
they intended it, as referred, to the several and Papişts, of all the world to speak well of you; and proper arts, which teach the use of reason and besides, I am persuaded (which is above all speech. But, for the former of these two reasons, earthly glory) you shall do God good service in it. howsoever it pleaseth them to distinguish of I pray deal with his majesty in it. I rest habits and powers; the experience is manifest
Your devoted and bounden servant, enough, that the inotions and faculties of the wit
Fra. Bacon. and memory may be not only governed and June 13, 1616. guided, but also confirmed and enlarged, by cusloms and exercise daily applied: as, if a man exercise shooting, he shall not only shoot nearer the mark, but also draw a stronger bow. And, as for the latter, of comprehending these precepts, IT MAY PLEASE YOUR MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY, within the arts, of logic and rhetoric; if it be First, from the bottom of my heart I thank the rightly considered, their office is distinct altoge- God of all mercy and salvation, that he hath prether from this point; for it is no part of the dec-served you from receiving any hurt by your fall; trine, of the use or handling of an instrument, to and I pray his Divine Majesty ever to preserve teach how to whet or grind the instrument, to give you, on horseback and on foot, from hurt and fear it a sharp edge; or, how to quench it, or other-of hurt. wise, whereby to give it a stronger temper. Now, touching the clothing business; for that Wherefore, finding this part of knowledge not I perceive the cloth goeth not off as it should, and
' broken, I have, but “ tanquam aliud agens,' that Wiltshire is now come in with complaint, as entered into it, and salute you with it; dedicating well as Gloucestershire and Worcestershire, so it, after the ancient manner, first as to a dear that this gangrene creepeth on; I humbly pray friend, and then as to an apt person; forasmuch your majesty to take into your majesty's princely as you have both place to practise it, and judg- consideration a remedy for the present stand, ment and leisure to look deeper into it than I have which certainly will do the deed; and for any done. Herein you must call to mind, "Apsov pàv thing that I know, will be honourable and conitik Though the argument be not of great venient, though joined with some loss in your height and dignity, nevertheless, it is of great and majesty's customs, which I know, in a business universal use. And yet I do not see why, to of this quality, and being but for an interim, till consider it rightly, that should not be a learning you may negotiate, your majesty doth not esteem. of height which teacheth to raise the highest And it is this: and worthiest part of the mind. But, howsoever
That your majesty by your proclamation do that be, if t!• world take any light and use by forbid (after fourteen days, giving that time for this writing, I will, the gratulation be to the good suiting men's selves) the wearing of any stuff friendship and acquaintance between us two. made wholly of silk, without mixture of wool, for And so recommend you to God's divine protec- the space of six months. So your majesty shall
supply outward vent with inward use, specially for the finer cloths, which are those wherein the stand principally is, and which silk wearers are likest to buy; and you shall show a most princely
care over thousands of the poor people; and, beSin,—There is a particular wherein I think you sides, your majesty shall blow a horn, to let the may do yourself honour, which, as I am informed, Flemings know your majesty will not give over hath been laboured by my Lady of Bedford, and the chase. Again, the winter season coming on, put in good way by the Bishop of Bath and Wells, is fittest for wearing of cloth, and there is scope: concerning the restoring to preach of a famous enough left for bravery and vanity by lacing and preacher, one Doctor Burgesse, who, though he embroidery, so it be upon cloth or stuffs of wool. hath been silenced a great time, yet he hath now I thought it my duty to offer and submit this nrade such a submission touching his conformity, remedy, amongst others, to your majesty's great as giveth satisfaction. It is much desired also by wisdom, because it pleased you to lay the care of Gray's Inn, (if he shall be free from the state,) to this business upon me; and indeed my care did fly choose him for their preacher: and certainly it is to it before, as it shall always do to any knots and safer to place him there, than in another auditory, difficulties in your business, wherein hitherto I because he will be well watched, if he should any have been not unfortunate. God ever have you in ways Ay forth in his sermons beyond duty. This his most precious custody. may seem a trifle; but I do assure you, in open
Your majesty's most faithful ing this man's mouth to preach, you shall open
and most bounden servant, rery many mouths to speak honour of you; and I
Fra. BACON confess I would have a full cry of Puritans, of
Sept. 13, 1616.
TO SIR GEORGE VILLIERS.