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TO THE LORD CIIANCELLOR, AND THE LORD Sir, I made full account to have seen you

MANDEVILLE, LORD TREASURER OF ENGLAND." here this reading, but your neither coming nor My HoNOURABLE LORDS, sending the interr., as you undertook, I may per- His majesty is pleased, according to your lordceivet of a wonder. And you know super mirari ships' certificate, to rely upon your judgments, caperunt philosophari. The redemption of both and hath made choice of Sir Robert Lloyd, knight, these consisteth in the vouchsafing of your coming to be patentee and master of the office of engrossup now, as soon as you conveniently can; for now ing the transcripts of all wills and inventories in is the time of conference and counsel. Besides, the prerogative courts, during his highness's pleaif the course of the court be held super interrogat. sure, and to be accountable unto his majesty for judicis, then must the interr. be ready ere the such profits as shall arise out of the same office. cominission be sealed; and if the commission And his majesty's farther pleasure is, that your proceed not forth with, then will it be caught hold lordship forth with proportion and set down, as of for further delay. I will not, by way of ad-well a reasonable rate of fees for the subject to mittance, desire you to send, with all speed, the pay for engrossing the said transcripts, as also interr., because I presume much of your coming, such fees as your lordship shall conceive fit to be which I hold necessary; and, accordingly, pro allowed to the said patentee for the charge of more amicitiæ, I desire you earnestly to have re- clerks and ministers for execution of the said gard both of the matter itself, and my so conceiv- office. And to this effect his majesty hath coming. And so, &c.

manded me to signify his pleasure to his solicitorYour friend particularly. general,f to prepare a book for his majesty's

signature. And so, I bid your lordship heartily

well to fare, and remain TO MR. TOBIE MATTHEW.

Your lordships' very loving friend, Good MR. Matthew,

G. BUCKINGHAM The event of the business whereof you write,

Royston, December 17, 1620. is, it may be, for the best: for seeing my lord, of himself, beginneth to come about, quorsum as yet? I could not in my heart suffer my Lord Dighy to go hence without my thanks and acknowledgments. I send my letter open, which I

TO THE REV. UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD pray seal and deliver. Particulars I would not

AMONGST the gratulations I have received, none touch. Your most affectionate

are more welcome and agreeable to me than your and assured friend,

letters, wherein, the less I acknowledge of those Fr. Sr. ALBAN.

attributes you give me, the more I must acknowledge of your affection, which bindeth me no less

to you, that are professors of learning, than mine TO MY LORD MONTJOYE.

own dedication doth to learning itself. And, MY VERY GOOD LORD,

therefore, you have no need to doubt, but I will Finding, by my last going to my lodge emulate (as much as in me is) towards you the at Twickenham, and tossing over my papers, merits of him that is gone, by how much the somewhat that I thought might like you, I had more I take myself to have more propriety in the neither leisure to perfect them, nor the patience principal motive thereof. And, for the equality to expect leisure; so desirous I was to make de- you write of, I shall, by the grace of God, (as far monstration of my honour and love towards you, as may concern me,) hold the balance as equally and to increase your good love towards me. And between the two universities, as I shall hold the I would not have your lordship conceive, though balance of other justice between party and party. it be my manner and rule to keep state in con

And yet, in both cases, I must meet with some templative matters, si quis venerit nomine suo, eum inclinations of affection, which, nevertheless, recipietis, that I think so well of the collection as shall not carry me aside. And so. I commend I seem to do: and yet I dare not take too much you to God's goodness. from it, because I have chosen to dedicate it to Your most loving and assured friend

Fr. Bacon. you. To be short, it is the honour I can do to you at this time. And so I commend me to your

Gorhambury, April 12, 1617. love and honourable friendship.

Harl. MSS. vol. 7000. * From the original draught in the library of Queen's Col. + Sir Thomas Coventry. lege, Oxford. Arch. D. 2.

* This and the following letter are from the collections of + Query whether perceive.

the late Robert Stephens, Esq., historiographer royal, and I From the original draught in the library of Queen's Col. John Locker, Esq., deceased, now in possession of the lege, Oxford. Arch. D. 2.




kingdom, wherein the towns are principally My LORD, If your man had been addressed

interested. only to me, I should have been careful to have

That for tallow, butter, beef, not understanding procured him a more speedy despatch; but, now it of live cattle, and pipe-staves, for upon these you have found another way of address, I am ex

things we fell, although they were not all concused ; and since you are grown weary of employ- tained in the petition, but in respect hides were ing me, I can be no otherwise in being employed. more worth than all the rest, they were thought In this business of my brother's, that you over of by way of some supply; these cominodities are trouble yourself with, I understand from London, such as the kingdom may well spare, and in that by some of my friends, that you have carried respect fit to be transported; wherein, nevertheyourself with much scorn and neglect, both less, some consideration may be had of the profil, towards myself and friends; which, if it prove

that shall be taken upon the license. Neither do true, I blame not you, but myself, who was ever

I find, that the farmers of the customs there, of Your lordship's assured friend,

which some of them were before me, did much G. BUCKINGHAM. stand upon it, but seemed rather to

ve way to it. July, 1617

I find, also, that at this time all these commodities are free to be transported by proclamation, so as no profit can be made of it, except there be

first a restraint; which restraint I think fitter to SIR FRANCIS BACON TO LORD NORRIS, IN AN. be by some prohibition in the letters patents, than SWER TO HIM.*

by any new proclamation; and the said letters My Lord, I am sorry of your misfortune, patents to pass rather here than there, as it was and, for any thing that is within mine own com- in the license of wines granted to the Lady Aramand, your lordship may expect no other than the bella; but then those letters patents, to be enrolled respects of him that forgetteth not your lordship in the Chancery of Ireland, whereby exemplificais to him a near ally, and an ancient acquaintance, tions of them may be taken to be sent to the client, and friend. For that which may concern ports. my place, which governeth me, and not I it; if All which, nevertheless, I submit to your maany thing be demanded at my hands, or directed, jesty's better judgment. or that I am, ex officio, to do any thing; if, I say, Your majesty's most humble it come to any of these three; for, as yet, I am a

bounden subject and servant, stranger to the business; yet, saving my duties,

Fr. Bacon. which I will never live to violate, your lordship June 5, 1616. shall find, that I will observe those degrees and limitations of proceeding which belongeth to him that knoweth well he serveth a clement and merciful master, and that, in his own nature, shall TICES* TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. cver incline to the more benign part; and that our very good Lord, knoweth, also, what belongeth to nobility, and to

It may please his majesty to call to mind, that a house of such merit and reputation as the Lord when we gave his majesty our last account of Norris is come from. And even so I remain Parliament business in his presence, we went

Your lordship's very loving friend. over the grievances of the last Parliament in 7mont Sept. 20, 1615.

with our opinion by way of probable conjecture, wliich of them are like to fall off, and which may

perchance stick and be renewed. And we did SIR FRANCIS BACON TO THE KING.

also then acquaint his majesty, that we thought

it no less fit to take into consideration grievances IT MAY PLEASE YOUR EXCELLENT MAJESTY,

of like nature, which have sprung up since the According to your majesty's reference signified said last session, which are the more like to be by Sir Roger Wilbraham, I have considered of called upon, by how much they are the more the petition of Sir Gilbert Houghton, your ma fresh, signifying withal, that they were of two jesty's servant, for a license of sole transportation kinds; some proclamations and commissions, and of tallow, butter, and hides, &c., out of your realm of Ireland, and have had conference with the trouble his majesty withal in particular; partly,

many patents; which, nevertheless, we did not Lord Chichester, late Lord Deputy of Ireland, and for that we were not then fully pre; ared, (as being likewise with Sir John Davies, your majesty's

a work of some length,) and partly, for that we attorney there. And this is that which I find.

then desired and obtained leave of his majesty to First, That hides and skins may not be meddled withal, being a staple cominodity of the


Sir Henry Montagu, of the King's Bench, and Sir llenry

Hobart, of the Common Pleas. From the collections of the late Robert Stephens, Esq. † That which began February 9, 1609, and was prorogued

July 23, 1610.

+ Ibid

communicate them with the council table. But For the third, we do humbly advise, that such now since, I, the chancellor, received his majesty's of them as his majesty shall give way to have pleasure by Secretary Calvert, that we should called in, may be questioned before the council first present them to his majesty with some advice table, either as granted contrary to his majesty's thereupon provisionally, and as we are capable, book of bounty, or found since to have been and thereupon know his majesty's pleasure before abused in the execution, or otherwise by experithey be brought to the table, which is the work ence discovered to be burdensome to the country. of this despatch.

But herein we shall add this farther humble And hereupon his majesty may be likewise advice, that it be not done as matter of preparapleased to call to mind, that we then said, and do tion to a Parliament; but that occasion be taken, now also humbly make remonstrance to his ma- partly upon revising of the book of bounty, and jesty, that in this we do not so much express the partly upon the fresh examples in Sir Henry sense of our own minds or judgments upon the Yelverton's case of abuse and surreption in obparticulars, as we do personate the Lower House, taining of patents; and likewise, that it be but as and cast with ourselves what is like to be stirred a continuance in conformity of the council's there. And, therefore, if there be any thing, former diligence and vigilancy, which hath either in respect of the matter, or the persons, already stayed and revoked divers patents of like that stands not so well with his majesty's good nature, whereof we are ready to show the examliking, that his majesty would be graciously ples. Thus, we conceive, his majesty shall keep pleased not to impute it unto us; and withal to his greatness, and somewhat shall be done in consider, that it is to this good end, that his ma- Parliament, and somewhat out of Parliament, as jesty may either remove such of them, as in his the nature of the subject and business require. own princely judgment, or with the advice of his We have sent his majesty herewith a schedule council, he shall think fit to be removed; or be the of the particulars of these three kinds; wherein, better provided to carry through such of them as he for the first two, we have set down all that we shall think fit to be maintained, in case they could at this time discover: but in the latter, we should be moved, and so the less surprised. have chosen out but some, that are most in

First, therefore, to begin with the patents, we speech, and do most tend, either to the vexation find three sorts of patents, and those somewhat of the common people, or the discountenancing frequent, since the session of 7mo, which in of our gentlemen and justices, the one being the genere we conceive may be most subject to excep- original, the other the representative of the tion of grievance; patents of old debts, patents of commons. concealments, and patents of monopolies, and for- There being many more of like nature, but feitures for dispensations of penal laws, together not of like weight, nor so much rumoured, which, with some other particulars, which fall not so to take away now in a blaze, will give more properly under any one head.

scandal, that such things were granted, than In these three heads, we do humbly advise thanks, that they be now revoked. several courses to be taken; for the first two, of And because all things may appear to his maold debts and concealments, for that they are in a jesty in the true light, we have set down, as well sort legal, though there may be found out some the suitors as the grants, and not only those in point in law to overthrow them; yet it would be whose names the patents were taken, but those a long business by course of law, and a matter whom they concern, as far as comes to our unusual by act of council, to call them in. But knowledge. that that moves us chiefly, to avoid the ques- For proclamations and commissions, they are tioning them at the council table is, because if tender things; and we are willing to meddle with they shall be taken away by the king's act, it them sparingly. For as for such as do but wait may let in upon him a flood of suitors for recom- upon patents, (wherein his majesty, as we conpense; whereas, if they be taken away at the ceived, gave some approbation to have them suit of the Parliament, and a law thereupon made, taken away,) it is better they fall away, by it frees the king, and leaves him to give recoin- taking away the patent itself, than otherwise; pense only where he shall be pleased to intend for a proclamation cannot be revoked but by prograce. Wherefore we conceive the most conve- clamation, which we avoid. nient way will be, if some grave and discreet For those commonwealth bills, which his magentlemen of the country, such as have lost rela- jesty approved to be put in readiness, and some tion to the court, make, at fit times, some modest other things, there will be time enough hereafter motion touching the same; and that his majesty to give his majesty account, and amongst them, would be graciously pleased to permit some law of the extent of his majesty's pardon, which, if to pass, (for the time past only, no ways touching his subjects do their part, as we hope they will, his majesty's regal power,) to free the subjects we do wish may be more liberal than of later from the same; and so his majesty, after due times, a pardon being the ancient remuneration in consultation, to give way unto it.



Thus, hoping his majesty, out of his gracious that it should not be treason; that it be given and accustomed benignity, will accept of our out constantly, and yet as it were a secret, and so faithful endeavours, and supply the rest by his a fame to slide, that the doubt was only upon the own princely wisdom and direction; and also publication, in that it was never published, for humbly praying his majesty, that when he bath that (if your majesty marketh it) taketh away, himself considered of our humble propositions, or least qualifies the danger of the example; for he will give us leave to impart them all, or as that will be no man's case. much as he shall think fit, to the lords of his This is all I can do to thridd your majesty's council, for the better strength of his service, we business with a continual and settled care, turnconclude with our prayers for his majesty's happy ing and returning, not with any thing in the preservation, and always rest, &c.

world, save only the occasions themselves, and Endorsed,

your majesty's good pleasure. The lord chancellor and the two chief justices to the

I had no time to report to your majesty, at your

being here, the business referred, touching Mr. king concerning Parliament business.

John Murray. I find a shrewd ground of a title against your majesty and the patentees of these lands, by the coheir of Thomas, Earl of Northumberland; for I see a fair deed, I find a rea

sonable consideration for the making the said MAY IT PLEASE YOUR EXCELLENT MAJESTY, deed, being for the advancement of his daughters;

I perceive by the Bishop of Bath and Wells, for that all the possessions of the earldom were that although it seemeth he hath dealt in an entailed upon his brother; I find it was made effectual manner with Peacham, yet he prevaileth four years before his rebellion; and I see some little hitherto; for he hath gotten of him no new probable cause why it hath slept so long. But names, neither doth Peacham alter in his tale Mr. Murray's petition speaketh only of the touching Sir John Sydenham.

moiety of one of the coheirs, whereunto if your Peacham standeth off in two material points majesty should give way, you might be prejude novo.

diced in the other moiety. Therefore, if Mr. Murray The one, he will not yet discover into whose can get power of the whole, then it may be safe hands he did put his papers touching the consis- for your majesty to give way to the trial of the tory villanies. They were not found with the right; when the whole shall be submitted other bundles upon the search; neither did he to you. ever say that he had burned or defaced them. Mr. Murray is my dear friend; but I must cut Therefore it is like they are in some person's even in these things, and so I know he would hands; and it is like again, that that person that himself wish no other. God

preserve your he hath trusted with those papers, he likewise majesty. trusted with these others of the treasons, I mean Your majesty's most humble and with the sight of them.

devoted subject and servant, The other, that he taketh time to answer, when

Fr. Bacon. he is asked, whether he heard not from Mr. Feb. the 28, 1614. Paulet some such words, as, he saith, he heard from Sir John Sydenham, or in some lighter

TRANSLATION OF A LETTER TO THE COUNT GONI hold it fit, that myself, and my fellows, go to

DOMAR, AMBASSADOR FROM THE COURT OF the Tower, and so I purpose to examine him upon

SPAIN. these points, and some others ; at least, that the Most ILLUSTRIOUS LORD AMBASSADOR, world may take notice that the business is fol- Your lordship's love to me, both in its warmth lowed as heretofore, and that the stay of the trial and purity, hath, I am well assured, been ever is upon farther discovery, according to that we equal and unalterable in prosperity as in adversity; give out.

in which regard I offer you the thanks so worthily I think also it were not amiss to make a false and justly claimed. Now that at once my age, fire, as if all things were ready for his going my fortunes, and my genius, to which I have down to his trial, and that he were upon the very hitherto done but scanty justice, call me from the point of being carried down, to see what that stage of active life, I shall devote myself to letters, will work with him.

instruct the actors on it and serve posterity. In Lastly, I do think it most necessary, and a such a course I shall, perhaps, find honour. And

I point principally to be regarded, that because we I shall thus pass my life as within the verge of a live in an age wherein no counsel is kept, and better. that it is true there is some bruit abroad, that the God preserve your lordship in safety and judges of the King's Bench do doubt of the case, prosperity.

Your servant, * Sir David Dalrymple's Memorials and Letters, p. 29. June 6th, 1621.




by repulses, nor on the other hand been comDOMAR.

pletely fulfilled, it would seem from this as if the Most ILLUSTRIOUS AND EXCELLENT LORD, divine providence intended that the work of

I see and acknowledge the divine providence rescuing me from my misery was to be yours in in raising up for-me under my utter desertion, its end, as in its beginning. Thirdly, because such a friend, sent as it were from heaven, who, those two stars which have ever been propitious involved in such great concerns, and with time to me, the greater and the less are now shining so very limited, has yet taken an interest in my in your city, and thus by the assisting and befortunes, and has effected that for me, which other nignant rays of your friendship, they may acquire friends either dared not attempt or could not have an influence on my fortunes, which shall restore obtained.

me to a place in the scale of favour, not unbeYour lordship will enjoy the suitable and last- fitting my former elevation. Fourthly, because ing fruit of such dealing in your own noble cha- I learn from the letters you have lately written rer, so prone to all the offices of sympathy and to my intimate friend, Sir Toby Matthew, that honour. Nor will this, perhaps, be the least you cherish a lively and warm remembrance of among your good deeds, that by your assistance me, which has neither been overwhelmed nor and favour you have raised and strengthened me extinguished, under the weight of those high and once one among the living, and who shall not sublime interests which rest on your lordship. altogether die to posterity. What return can 1 Lastly, too, there is this circumstance that since, make? I shall at least ever be yours, if not in by the friendship of the excellent lord marquis, useful service, at least in heart and good wishes. I have been admitted to see and converse with The fire of my love for you will remain quick my king, I feel as if I were once more established under the ashes of my fortune; wherefore, I most in favour. The king did not speak to me as a humbly greet you, bid you farewell, wish you all guilty man, but as a man thrown down by a prosperity, call heaven to witness my gratitude, tempest; and withal in his address to me he promise all faithful observance.

acknowledged at great length, and, as it seemed, Th the most illustrious and excellent Lord Didacus

with singular tenderness, my steady and invariaSarmiento de Acuna, Count Gondomar, Ambassa

ble course of industry and integrity. Whence dor Extraordinary of the King of Spain to Eng. the continuance of my sovereign's regard, and

the greater hope springs up within me, that by land.

the extinction of odium by the lapse of time, your excellency's efforts for me will not be made in vain. Meanwhile, I have neither sunk into

indolence, nor impertinently mixed myself with DOMAR, THEN IN SPAIN.

affairs, but I live and ain absorbed in labours not Most ILLUSTRIOUS COUNT,

at all derogatory to the honours I have borne, and Many things inspire me with confidence, and which shall perhaps leave no unpleasing memory even with cheerful alacrity, in addressing you at of my name to posterity. I hope, therefore, that this time on the subject of my fortunes, and I am no unworthy object, on which to display entreating your friendly offices. First, and prin- and signalize at once the influence of your power cipally, that since so close an alliance between and friendship: so that it shall be apparent, that our sovereigns may now be regarded as defini- you have no less control over the fortunes of a tively arranged, you are become so much the more private man, than over public measures. May powerful advocate; and I shrink not now from God preserve your excellency, and crown you owing all my fortunes to so great a man, though with all happiness. not my own countryman, and from confessing the

Endorsed, obligation. Secondly, Since that promise of in- My Lord St. Alban's first letter to Go in dulgences which your lordship while in this Spain. country obtained for me, has not been succeeded March 28th, 1623.



Vol. III.-28

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