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shall do my creditors good; and, it may be, you shall do posterity good, if out of the carcass of dead and rotten greatness, as out of Samson's lion, there may be honey gathered for the use of future times.

God bless your persons and counsels.
Your lordships' supplicant and servant,


indeed to save you the trouble of writing : I mean the reason in the second place; for the chief was to see your lordship. But since you are pleased to give me the liberty to send to your lordship one to whom you will deliver your mind, I take that in so good part, as I think myself tied the more to use that liberty modestly. Wherefore, if your lordship will vouchsafe to send to me one of your own, (except I might have leave to come

Copy of the petition intended for the House of Par- to London,) either Mr. Packer, my ancient friend,




Receiving, by Mr. Johnson, your loving salutations, it made me call to mind many of your lordship's tokens, yea, and pledges, of good and hearty affection in both my fortunes; for which I shall be ever yours. I pray, my lord, if occasion serve, give me your good word to the king, for the release of my confinement, which is to me a very strait kind of imprisonment. I am no Jesuit, nor no leper; but one that served his majesty these sixteen years, even from the commission of the union till this last Parliament, and ever had many thanks of his majesty, and was never chidden. This his majesty, I know, will remember at one time or other; for I am his man still.

God keep your lordship.

Your lordship's most affectionate
to do you service,

Gorhambury, this last of December, 1621.



I have received your lordship's letter, and have been long thinking upon it, and the longer, the less able to make answer unto it. Therefore, if your lordship will be pleased to send any understanding man unto me, to whom I may in discourse open myself, I will, by that means, so discover my heart, with all freedom, which were too long to do by letter, especially in this time of Parliament business, that your lordship shall receive satisfaction. In the mean time I rest Your lordship's faithful servant, G. BUCKINGHAM.

Royston, December 16, 1621.



The reason why I was so desirous to have had conference with your lordship at London, was

Created so in November, 1018, and in September, 1622, Earl of Bristol.

Harl. MSS. vol. 7000

or Mr. Aylesbury,* of whose good affection towards me I have heard report; to me it shall be indifferent. But if your lordship will have one of my nomination, if I might presume so far, I would name, before all others, my Lord of Falkland. But because perhaps it may cost him a journey, which I may not in good manners desire, I have thought of Sir Edward Sackville, Sir Robert Mansell, my brother, Mr. Solicitor General,† (who, though he be almost a stranger to me, yet, as my case now is, I had rather employ a man of good nature than a friend,) and Sir Arthur Ingram, notwithstanding he be great with iny Lord Treasurer. Of these, if your lordship shall be pleased to prick one, I hope well I shall entreat him to attend your lordship, and to be sorry never a whit of the employment. Your lordship may take your own time to signify your will in regard of the present business of Parliament. But my time was confined by due respect to write a present answer to a letter, which I construed to be a kind letter, and such as giveth me yet hope to show myself to your lordship. Your lordship's most obliged friend and faithful servant,



To the Lord of Buckingham, in answer to his of the 16th of December.




As soon as I came to London I repaired to Sir Edward Sackville.§ whom I find very zealous, as I told your lordship. I left him to do your

*Thomas Aylesbury, Esq., secretary to the Marquis of Buckingham, as lord high admiral. He was created a baronet in 1627. Lord Chancellor Clarendon married his daughter Frances.

+ Sir Robert Heath, made solicitor in January 14, 1620-1. He had been secretary to the Lord Viscount St. Alban, while his lordship had the great seal, and was afterwards clerk of the council, and knighted. He succeeded his patron in the manor of Gorhambury, which, after the death of Sir Thomas, came to his cousin and heir, Sir Thomas Meautys who married Anne, daughter of Sir Nathaniel Bacon, of Culford Hall, in Suffolk, knight; which lady married a second husband, Sir Harbottle Grimstone, baronet, and master of

the rolls, who purchased the reversion of Gorhambury from Sir Hercules Meautys, nephew of the second Sir Thomas.

Afterwards Earl of Dorset, well known for his duel, în 1613, with the Lord Kinloss, in which the latter was killed

service, in any particular you shall command!


him, to my lord marquis, (though it were with MAY IT PLEASE YOur Lordship, some adventure;) and withal he imparted to me This afternoon my lady found access to my lord what advice he had given to my lady this after-marquis, procured for her by my Lord of Montnoon, upon his visiting of her at York House, gomery* and Sir Edward Sackville, who see:ned to when Mr. Packer also, as it fell out, was come, contend which of them should show most patience at the same time, to see my lady, and seemed to in waiting (which they did a whole afternoon) concur with Sir Edward Sackville in the same the opportunity to bring my lord to his chamber, ways; which were for my lady to become a suitor where my lady attended him. But when he was to my Lady Buckingham,* and my lady marchio- come, she found time enough to speak at large: ness to work my lord marquis for obtaining of and though my lord spake so loud as that what the king some bounty towards your lordship; and passed was no secret to me and some others that in particular that of the thousand pounds for the were within hearing, yet, because my lady told small writs. If I may speak my opinion to your me she purposeth to write to your lordship the lordship, it is not amiss to begin any way, or whole passage, it becometh not me to anticipate, with any particular, though but small game at by these, any part of her ladyship's relation. first, only to set a rusty clock agoing, and then I send your lordship herewith the proclamation haply it may go right for a time, enough to bring for dissolving the Parliament, wherein there is on the rest of your lordship's requests. Yet, nothing forgotten that we have done amiss; but because your lordship directed me to wish my for most of those things that we have well done, lady, from you, by no means to act any thing, we must be fain, I see, to commend ourselves. but only to open her mind in discourse unto friends, until she should receive your farther direction, it became not me to be too forward in putting it on too fast with Sir Edward; and my lady was pleased to tell me since that she hath written to your lordship at large.

I inquired, even now, of Benbow, whether the proclamation for dissolving the Parliament was coming forth. He tells me he knows no more certainty of it, than that Mr. Secretary commanded him yesterday to be ready for despatching of the writs, when he should be called for; but since then he hears it sticks, and endures some qualms; but they speak it still aloud at court that the king is resolved of it.

Benbow tells me likewise, that he hath attended these two days upon a committee of the lords, with the book of the commission of peace; and that their work is to empty the commission in some counties by the score, and many of them Parliament men; which course sure helps to ring the passing bell to the Parliament.

Mr. Borough tells me, he is at this present fain to attend some service for the king, but about Saturday he hopes to be at liberty to wait upon your lordship. I humbly rest

Your lordship's forever to honour and serve,
January 3, 1621.

To the Right Honourable my most honoured lord,
the Lord Viscount St. Alban.

Mary, Countess of Buckingham, mother of the marquis. + Catharine, Marchioness of Buckingham, wife of the marquis, and only daughter and heir of Francis, Earl of Rutland.

John Borough, educated in common law at Gray's Inn, Keeper of the Records in the Tower of London, Secretary to the Earl Marshal, in 1623 made Norroy; in July, the year following, knighted, and on the 23d of December, the same year, made Garter King at Arms, in the place of Sir William Segar. He died October 21, 1643.

I delivered your lordship's to my Lord of Montgomery and Mr. Matthew, who was even then come to York House to visit my lady, when I received the letter; and, as soon as he had read it, he said, that he had rather your lordship had sent him a challenge; and that it had been easier to answer than so noble and kind a letter. He intends to see your lordship some time this week, and so doth Sir Edward Sackville, who is forward to make my lady a way by the prince, if your lordship advise it.

There are packets newly come out of Spain; and the king, they say, seems well pleased with the contents; wherein there is an absolute promise and undertaking for the restitution of the palatinate; the dispensation returned already from the pope, and the match hastened on their parts. My Lord Digby goes shortly; and Mr. Matthew tells me he means, before his going, to write by him to your lordship.

The king goes not till Wednesday, and the prince certainly goes with him. My lord marquis, in person, christens my Lord of Falkland's child to-morrow, at his house by Watford.

Mr. Murray tells me the king hath given your books to my Lord Brooke, and enjoined him to read it, recommending it much to him; and then my Lord Brooke is to return it to your lordship; and so it may go to the press when your lordship pleases, with such amendments as the king hath made, which I have seen, and are very few, and those rather words, as epidemic, and mild, instead

Philip, afterwards Earl of Pembroke.

Mr. Meautys was member in this Parliament for the town of Cambridge.

Thomas Murray, tutor and secretary to the prince, made provost of Eton College, in the room of Sir Henry Savile, who died February 19, 1621-2. Mr. Murray died, likewise April 1, 1623.

The History of the Reign of King Henry the Seventh
Fulk Grevile.

of debonnaire, etc. Only that of persons attainted, that the consideration of your lady's wanting a enabled to serve in Parliament by a bare reversal house hath bred some difficulty in your lordship of their attainder, the king by all means will have to part with it, I will for that make offer unto your left out. I met with my Lord Brooke, and told lordship, and your lady, to use the house in Canon him, that Mr. Murray had directed me to wait Row, late the Earl of Hertford's, being a very upon him for the book, when he had done with it. commodious and capable house, wherein I and He desired to be spared this week, as being to him my wife have absolute power; and whereof your a week of much business, and the next week I lordship shall have as long time as you can chalshould have it; and he ended in a compliment, that lenge or desire of York House. In this I do care should be taken, by all means, for good ink and freelier deal with your lordship, in respect I know paper to print it in, for that the book deserveth it. you are well assured of my well wishes to you I beg leave to kiss your lordship's hands. in general; and that in this particular, though I Your lordship's in all humbleness have not been without thoughts of this house be fore your lordship had it, yet, I was willing to give way to your lordship's more pressing use thereof then. And as I do not doubt of your lordship's endeavour to gratify me in this, so I shall esteem it as an extraordinary courtesy, which I will study to requite by all means.

January 7, 1621-2.

to honour and serve,


This proclamation is not yet sealed; and, therefore, your lordship may please as yet to keep it in your own hands.


MY MOST HONOured Lord,


I met, even now, with a piece of news so unexpected, and yet so certainly true, as that, howsoever, I had much ado, at first, to desire the relater to speak probably; yet, now I dare send it your lordship upon my credit. It is my Lord of Somerset's and his lady's coming out of the Tower, on Saturday last, fetched forth by my Lord of Falkland, and without the usual degrees of confinement, at first to some one place, but absolute and free, to go where they please. I know not how peradventure this might occasion you to cast your thoughts, touching yourself, into some new mould, though not in the main, yet in something on the by.

I beg leave to kiss your lordship's hands.
Your lordship's, in all humbleness,
forever to honour and serve you,


MY LORD, It is not unknown to your lordship, that, in respect I am now a married man, I have more reason than before to think of providing me some house in London, whereof I am yet destitute; and for that purpose I have resolved to entreat your lordship, that I may deal with you for York House; wherein I will not offer any conditions to your loss. And, in respect I have understood,

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So, with my best wishes to your lordship, I


Your lordship's most loving friend,


In respect my Lord of Buckingham was once
desirous to have had this house, I would not deal
that he is otherwise provided.
for it till now,
Whitehall, the 29th of January, 1621.

To the Right Honourable my very good lord, my
Lord Viscount St. Alban.


I am sorry to deny your grace any thing; but in this you will pardon me. York House is the house wherein my father died, and wherein I first breathed; and there will I yield my last breath, if so please God, and the king will give me leave; though I be now by fortune (as the old proverb is) like a bear in a monk's hood. At least no money, no value, shall make me part with it. Besides, as I never denied it to my lord marquis, so yet the difficulty I made was so like a denial, as I owe unto my great love and respect to his lordship a denial to all my other friends; among whom, in a very near place next his lordship, I ever accounted of your grace. So, not doubting that you will continue me in your former love and good affection, I rest

Your grace's, to do you humble
service, affectionate, &c.



As my hopes, since my misfortunes, have proceeded of your lordship's mere motion, without any petition of mine, so I leave the times and the

ways to the same good mind of yours. True it
is, a small matter for my debts would do me
more good now than double a twelvemonth hence.
I have lost six thousand pounds by year, besides
caps and courtesies. But now a very moderate
proportion would suffice; for I still bear a little
of the mind of a commissioner of the treasury,
not to be overchargeable to his majesty; and two
things I may assure your lordship of: the one,
that I shall lead such a course of life, as whatso-
ever the king doth for me shall rather sort to his
majesty's and your lordship's honour, than to
envy the other, that whatsoever men talk, I can
play the good husband, and the king's bounty
shall not be lost. If your lordship think good
the prince should come in to help, I know his
highness wisheth me well; if you will let me
know when, and how he may be used. But the
king is the fountain, who, I know is good.
God prosper you.

Your lordship's most bounden
and faithful,

Gorhambury, January 30, 1621.




Your lordship dealeth honourably with me in giving me notice, that your lordship is provided of a house, whereby you discontinue the treaty your lordship had with me for York House, although I shall make no use of this notice, as to deal with any other. For I was ever resolved your lordship should have had it, or no man. But your lordship doth yet more nobly, in assuring me, you never meant it with any the least inconvenience to myself. May it please your lordship likewise to be assured from me, that I ever desired you should have it, and do still continue of the same mind.

I humbly pray your lordship to move his majesty to take commiseration of my long imprisonment. When I was in the Tower, I was nearer

help of physic; I could parley with my creditors; I could deal with friends about my business; I could have helps at hand for my writings and studies, wherein I spend my time; all which here fail me. Good my lord, deliver me out of this; me, who am his majesty's devout beadsman, and

Your lordship's most obliged friend
and faithful servant,



Remembering that the letter your lordship put yesterday into my hand was locked up under two or three seals, it ran in my head, that it might be business of importance, and require haste; and not finding Mr. Matthew in town, nor any certainty of his return till Monday or Tuesday, I thought it became me to let your lordship know it, that so I might receive your lordship's pleasure (if need were) to send it by as safe a hand as if it had three seals more.

My lord, I saw Sir Arthur Ingram, who let fall somewhat, as if he could have been contented to have received a letter by me from your lordship, with something in it like an acknowledgment to my lord treasurer,* that by his means you had received a kind letter from my lord marquis. But, in the close, he came about, and fell rather to excuse what was left out of the letter, than to please himself much with what was within it. Only, indeed, he looked upon me, as if he did a little distrust my good meaning in it. But that is all one to me; for I have been used to it of late from others, as well as from him. But persons apt to be suspicious may well be borne with; for certainly they trouble themselves most, and lose most by it. For of such it is a hard question, whether those be fewest whom they trust, or those who trust them. But for him, and some others, I will end in a wish, that, as to your lordship's honester, as they think themselves wiser, than service, they might prove but half so much

other men.

It is doubtful whether the king will come to morrow or not; for they say he is full of pain in his feet.

My lord marquis came late to town last night, Sackville watcheth an opportunity to speak with and goeth back this evening; and Sir Edward him before he go. However, he wisheth that your lordship would lose no time in returning an answer, made all of sweetmeats, to my lord marquis's letter, which, he is confident, will be both tasted and digested by him. And Sir Edward wisheth that the other letter to my lord marquis, for presenting your discourse of laws to his majesty, might follow the first. I humbly res' Your lordship's forever truly

Martii 3, 1621.

to honour and serve you, THO. MEAUTYS.


Gorhambury, this 3d of Feb., 1621.



I had not failed to appear this night, upon you

• Mr Chamberlain, in a MS. letter to Sir Dudley Carleton, lordship's summons, but that my stay till to

dated at London, January 19, 1621-2, mentions, that the Marquis of Buckingham had contracted with the Lord and Lady Wallingford, for their house near Whitehall, for some n-oney

* Lionel, Lord Cranfield, made Lord Treasurer in October, 1621.

morrow, I knew, would mend my welcome, by bringing Mr. Matthew, who means to dine with your lordship only, and so to rebound back to London, by reason my Lord Digby's journey calls for him on the sudden. Neither yet was this all that stayed me; for I hear somewhat that I like reasonably well; and yet I hope it will mend too ; which is, that my lord marquis hath sent you a message by my Lord of Falkland, (which is a far better hand than my lord treasurer's,) that gives you leave to come presently to Highgate: and Sir Edward Sackville, speaking for the other five miles, my lord commended his care and zeal for your lordship, but silenced him thus: "Let my lord be ruled by me: it will be never the worse for him." But my lord marquis saying farther to him, "Sir Edward, however you play a good friend's part for my Lord St. Alban, yet I must tell you, I have not been well used by him." And Sir Edward desiring of him to open himself in whatsoever he might take offence at; and, withal, taking upon him to have known so much, from time to time, of your lordship's heart, and endeavours towards his lordship, as that he doubted not but he was able to clear any mist that had been cast before his lordship's eyes by your enemies; my lord marquis, by this time being ready to go to the Spanish ambassador's to dinner, broke off with Sir Edward, and told him, that after dinner he would be back at Wallingford House, and then he would tell Sir Edward more of his mind; with whom I have had newly conference at large, and traced out to him, as he desired me, some particulars of that which they call a treaty with my lord treasurer about York House, which Sir Edward Sackville knows how to put together, and make a smooth tale of it for your lordship and this night I shall know all from him, and to-morrow, by dinner, I shall not fail to attend your lordship: till when, and ever, I rest

Your lordship's in all truth

to honour and serve you,

Received, March 11.

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I have received, by my noble friend, my Lord Viscount Falkland, advertisement, as from my lord marquis, of three things; the one, that upon his lordship's motion to his majesty, he is gra ciously pleased to grant some degree of release of my confinement. The second, that if I shall gratify your lordship, who, my lord understandeth, are desirous to treat with me about my house at London, with the same, his lordship will take it as well as if it was done to himself. The third, that his majesty hath referred unto your lordship the consideration of the relief of my poor estate. I have it also from other part, yet by such, as have taken it immediately from my lord marquis, that your lordship hath done me to the king very good offices. My lord, I am much bounden to you: wherefore, if you shall be pleased to send Sir Arthur Ingram, who formerly moved me in it for your lordship, to treat farther with me, I shall let your lordship see how affectionately I am desirous to pleasure your lordship after my Lord of Buckingham.

So, wishing your lordship's weighty affairs, for his majesty's service, a happy return to his majesty's contentment and your honour, I rest Your lordship's very affectionate

to do you service,


Endorsed, March 12,

To the Lord Treasurer.


Your lordship's letter was the best letter I received this good while, except the last kind letter from my Lord of Buckingham, which this confirmeth. It is the best accident, one of them, amongst inen, when they hap to be obliged to those, whom naturally and personally they love, as lever did your lordship; in troth not many between my lord marquis and yourself; so that the sparks of my affection shall ever rest quick, under the

Appointed Lord Deputy of Ireland, September 8, 1622.

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