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lordship to give credit to what he shall deliver MY HONOURABLE LORD,

your lordship therein, with your lawful assistance Understanding that there hath been a long and of my desires; wherein I doubt not but you shall tedious suit depending in the Chancery between do a very good office. And I shall rest ready to Robert D'Oyley and his wife, plaintiffs, and requite your courtesy; and, with my best wishes,

continue Leonard Lovace, defendant; which cause hath been heretofore ended by award, but is now

Your very loving friend,

G. BUCKINGHAM. revived again, and was, in Michaelmas term last,

Egham, July 6, 1620. fully heard before your lordship; at which hearing your lordship did not give your opinion there

Endorsed, of, but were pleased to defer it until breviats were My lord marquis in behalf of his servant, Mr. Porter, delivered on both sides; which, as I am informed,

and Mr. Darlington. hath been done accordingly: now my desire unto your lordship is, that you will be pleased to take some time, as speedily as your lordship may, to give your opinion thereof, and so make a final

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.* end, as your lordship shall find the same in equity MY HONOURABLE Lorn, to deserve: for which I will ever rest

His majesty having made a reference of business Your lordship’s faithful friend and servant,

to your lordship, concerning Sir Robert Douglas

G. BUCKINGHAM. and Mr. David Ramsey, two of his highness's Windsor, 18th of May, 1620.

servants, whom he loveth, and whom I wish very well unto; I have thought fit to desire you to show them all the favour your lordship may

therein : which I will acknowledge, and ever TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. My very good LORD,

Your lordship’s faithful friend and servant,

G. BUCKINGHAM. I went to Kew for pleasure, but I met with pain. But neither pleasure nor pain can withdraw my The reference comes in the name of my brother mind from thinking of his majesty's service. Christopher, because they thought it would sucAnd because his majesty shall see how I was oc- ceed the better : but the prince wisheth well to it. cupied at Kew, I send him these papers of rules

Farubam, the last of August, 1620. for the Star Chamber, wherein his majesty shall erect one of the noblest and durablest pillars for

Endorsed, the justice of this kingdom in perpetuity, that

Touching the business of wills. can be, after, by his own wisdom and the advice of his lords, he shall have revised them and established them. The manner and circumstances I refer to my attending his majesty. The rules

TO THE KING. are not all set down; but I will do the rest within

Amongst the counsels which, since the time I two or three days. I ever remain

had the honour to be first of your learned, and Your lordship's most obliged

after of your privy council, I have given your friend and faithful servant,

majesty faithfully according to my small ability; FR. VERULAM, Cane. I do take comfort in none more, than that I was June 9, 1620.

the first that advised you to come in person into the Star Chamber; knowing very well, that those virtues of your majesty which I saw near hand,

would out of that throne, both, as out of a sphere, TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.

illustrate your own honour, and, as out of a founMY VERY GOOD LORD,

tain, water and refresh your whole land. And Such is my haste at this time, that I cannot because your majesty, in that you have already write so largely to yourself as I would, in the done, hath so well effected that which I foresaw nusiness of the steel, in which once already I and desired, even beyond my expectation; it is sent to your lordship, and in which I only desire no marvel if I resort still to the branches of that the good of the commonwealth, and the service counsel that hath borne so good fruit. of my master; I, therefore, have sent this bearer, my servant, unto you, and committed the relation

• Harl. M88. vol. 7000. of the business to him. And I do entreat your + This letter appears to have been written after the pro

ceedings against Sir Thomas Lake, and his lady and daughter,

in the Star Chamber, in January, 1619-20, and before the * Jarl. M88. vol. 7006.

resolution of calling the Parliament, which met January 30, 1620-1.

+ Harl. MSS. vol. 7000.

The Star Chainber, in the institutions thereof, Commission for the better proceedings in the jath two uses; the one as a supreme court of plantations of Ireland.

judicature, the other as an open council. In the Commission for the provision of the realm




tirst kind, your majesty bath sat there now twice: with all kinds of warlike defence, ordnance. the first time, in cause of force, concerning powder, munition, and armour. the duels; the second time, in a cause of fraud, Of these you may take and leave, as it shall concerning the forgeries and conspiracies against please you: and I wish the articles concerning the Lady of Exeter; which two natures of every one of them (first allowed by your coudre crimes, force and fraud, are the proper objects of cil) to be read openly, and the commissioners' that court.

In the second kind, your majesty came the For the good that comes of particular and select first time of all, when you did set in frame and committees and commissions, I need not commonfabric the several jurisdictions of your courts. place, for your majesty hath found the good of There wants a fourth part of the square to make them; but nothing to that that will be, when all complete, which is, if your majesty will be such things are published; because it will vindipleased to publish certain commonwealth com- cate them from neglect, and make many good missions; which, as your majesty hath well spirits, that we little think of, co-operate in then. begun to do in some things, and to speak of in I know very well that the world, that commonly some others; so, if your majesty will be pleased is apt to think, that the care of the commonto make a solemn declaration of them in that wealth is but a pretext in matters of state, will place, this will follow:

perhaps conceive, that this is but a preparative to First, that your majesty shall do yourself an a Parliament. But let not that hinder your mainfinite honour, and win the hearts of your jesty's magnanimity, in opere operato, that is so people to acknowledge you, as well the most good; and, besides, that opinion, for many repolitic king, as the most just.

spects, will do no hurt to your affairs. Secondly, it will oblige your commissioners to a ujore strict account, when they shall be engaged by such a public charge and commandment. And, thirdly, it will invite and direct any man that finds himself to know any thing concerning MY VERY GOOD LORD, those commissions, to bring in their informations. So as I am persuaded it will eternize your name dell will deliver you a petition of Sir Francis

By his majesty's directions, Sir Francis Blunand merit, and that King James's commissions

Annesly, his majesty's secretary of Ireland, with will be spoken of, and put in ure, as long as

his majesty's pleasure thereupon. To the gentleBritain lasts; at the least, in the reign of all

man I wish very well, and do therefore recomgood kings. For the particulars, besides the two commis- favour; and your respect of him, in his absence,

niend him and his cause to your lordship’s good «sions of the navy, and the buildings about

I will thankfully acknowledge. So I take my London, (wherein your majesty may consider,

leave. whether you will have any thing altered or sup

Your lordship's very loving friend, plied,) I wish these following to be added.

G. BUCKINGHAN. Commission for advancing the clothing of

Theobalds, the 2d of October, 1620. England, as well the old drapery as the new, and all the incidents thereunto.

Commission for staying treasure within the realm, and the reiglement of moneys.

Commission for the provision of the realm IT MAY PLEASE YOUR most excellent MAJESTY, with corn and grain, and the government of the

It being a thing to speak or write, especially exportation and importation thereof; and direct to a king, in public, another in private, although ing of public granaries, if cause be.

I have dedicated a work, or rather a portion of Commission for introducing and nourishing a work, which, at last, I have overcome to you? manufactures within the realm, for setting people majesty by a public epistle, where I speak to you awork, and the considering of all grants and in the hearing of others; yet I thought fit also privileges of that nature.

humbly to seek access for the same, not so much Commission to prevent the depopulation of to your person as to your judgment, by these towns and houses of husbandry, and for nuisances

private lines. and highways.

The work, in what colours soever it may be set Commission for the recovery of drowned forth, is no more but a new logic, teaching to lands.

vent and judge by induction, as finding syllogisın Commission for the suppression of the grievances of informers.

Novum Organ'ım Ver II.-17


Harl. MSS. vol. 7000.



incompetent for sciences of nature; and thereby | lordship, whereof the prince hath demanded of me i make philosophy and sciences both more true what account is given. And because I cannot and more active.

inform his highness of any proceeding therein, I This tending to enlarge the bounds of reason, desire your lordship to use all expedition that and to endow man's estate with new value, was may be, in making your answer to me, tnat I may no improper oblation to your majesty, who of men give his highness some satisfaction, who is very is the greatest master of reason and author of desirous thereof. And so I rest beneficence.

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, There be two of your council, and one other

G. BUCKINGHAM. bishop of this land, that know I have been about Royston, 14th, of October, 1620. some such work near thirty years ; t so as I

Endorsed, made no haste. And the reason why I have pub

Touching the Register of Wills. lished it now, specially being unperfect, is, to speak plainly, because I number my days, and would have it saved. There is another reason of my so doing, which is to try whether I can get help in one intended part of this work, namely, My HONOURABLE LORD, the compiling of a natural and experimental I desire your lordship to continue your favour nistory, which must be the main foundation of a to Sir Thomas Gerrard in the business concerning true and active philosophy.

him, wherein I signified his majesty's pleasure to This work is but a new body of clay, whereunto your lordship. And one favour more I am to enyour majesty, by your countenance and protection, treat of your lordship in his behalf, that you will may breathe life. And to tell your majesty truly be pleased to speak to one of the assistants of the what I think, I account your favour may be to this Chancellor of the Duchy, in wbose court he hath work as much as a hundred years' time : for I am a cause depending, as he will more fully inform persuaded the work will gain upon men's minds your lordship himself, to see that he may have a in ages, but your gracing it may make it take fair proceeding according to justice: for which hold more swiftly; which I would be very glad I will ever rest of, it being a work meant, not for praise or glory, Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, but for practice and the good of men. One thing,

G. BUCKINGHAM. I confess, I am ambitious of, with hope, which is, Royston, 15th of October, 1620. that after these beginnings, and the wheel once set on going, men shall seek more truth out of Christian pens than hitherto they have done out

TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. of heathen. I say with hope, because I hear my former book of the Advancement of Learning, is My very good Lord, well tasted in the universities here, and the Eng

Your lordship desiring to understand what lish colleges abroad : and this is the same argu

cometh of the business, after which the prince ment sunk deeper.

hearkeneth, I was in doubt which of the two And so I ever humbly rest in prayers, and all businesses you meant; that of the Duchy, or that ther duties,

of the Prerogative Court for wills; for both are Your majesty's most bounden

recommended from the prince. But be it one, or and devoted servant,

be it the other, no time hath been lost in either; FR. VERULAM, Canc.

for Mr. Secretary Naunton and I have entered York House, this 12th of October, 1620.

into both. For the duchy, we have already stayed all proceedings to the king's disservice for those

manors, which are not already passed under seal. TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. I

For that which is passed, we have heard the MY HONOURABLE LORD,

attorney* with none or little satisfaction hitherto. There is a business in your lordship’s hands, The chancellort is not yet come, though sent for. with which Sir Robert Lloyd did acquaint your For the other, we have heard Sir John Bennet, i lordship, while business is but in passage, were the singular comfort which I received by his matime lost. I I ever rest

and given him leave to acquaint my Lord of * Dr. Lancelot Andrews, Bishop of Winchester.

+ Mr. Chamberlain, in a letter to Sir Dudley Carleton, am- Canterbury; and have required the solicitors to bassador at Holland, dated at London, October 28th, 1620, come well prepared for the king. So that in mentions, that Mr. Henry Cuffe, who had been secretary to neither we can certify yet, and to trouble your Robert, Earl of Essex, and executed for being concerned in his treasons, having long since perused this work, gave this censure, that “a fool could not have written such a work, * Sir Henry Yelverton. and a wise man would not.” And, in another letter, dated † Sir Humphrey May, made Chancellor of the Duchy, February 3, 1620-1, Mr. Chamberlain takes notice, that the March 9, 1617. king could not forbear, sometimes, in reading that book, to Judge of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. In 1621, Fay, that it was like the peace of God, that passeth all un he was fined £20,000 for bribery, corruption, and exaction in derstanding."

that office. He died in 1627. Harl. MSS. vol. 7000.

& Sir Thomas Coventry.

jesty's letter of his own hand, touching my book. Your lordship's most obliged

And I must also give your lordship of my best friend and faithful servant, thanks for your letter so kindly and affectionately

Fr. Verulam, Canc, written. October 16, 1620.

I did even now receive your lordship's letter touching the proclamation, and do approve his

majesty's judgment and foresight about mine own. TO THE KING, THANKING HIS MAJESTY FOR HIS Neither would I have thought of inserting matter

GRACIOUS ACCEPTANCE OF HIS BOOK. of state for the vulgar, but that nowadays there MAY IT PLEASE your MAJESTY,

is no vulgar, but all statesmen. But, as his maI cannot express how much comfort I received jesty doth excellently consider, the time of it is by your last letter of your own royal hand.* I not yet proper. I ever rest see your majesty is a star that hath benevolent

Your lordship's most obliged friend

and faithful servant, aspect and gracious influence upon all things that tend to a general good.


October 19, 1620.
Daphni, quid antiquos signorum suspicis artus ?
Ecce Dionæi processit Cæsaris astrum;

Astium, quo segetes gauderent frugibus, et quo In answer to his majesty's direclions touching the
Duceret apricis in collibus uva colorem. +

proclumation for a Parliament. This work, which is for the bettering of men's bread and wine, which are the characters of temporal blessings and sacraments of eternal, I hope, by God's holy providence, will be ripened by Cæsar's star.

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.* Your majesty shall not only do to myself a After my very hearty commendations I have singular favour, but to your business a material acquainted his majesty with your letter, who help, if you will be graciously pleased to open commanded me to tell you that he had been thinkyourself to me in those things wherein you may ing upon the same point whereof you write three be unsatisfied. For, though this work, as by or four days ago, being so far from making any position and principal, doth disclaim to be tried question of it that he every day expected when a by any thing but by experience, and the results writ should come down. For at the creation of of experience in a true way, yet the sharpness Prince Henry, the lords of the council and judges and profoundness of your majesty's judgment assured his majesty of as much as the precedents ought to be an exception to this general rule; and mentioned in your letter speak of. And so I rest your questions, observations, and admonishments your lordship's may do infinite good.

Very loving friend at command, This comfortable beginning makes me hope

G. BUCKINGHAM. farther that your majesty will be aiding to me in Newmarket, the 24th of November, 1620 setting men on work for the collecting of a na

Endorsed, iural and experimental history, which is basis Showing his majesty is satisfied with precedents, totius negotii, a thing which I assure myself will touching the prince's summons to Parliament. be from time to time an excellent recreation unto you; I say to that admirable spirit of yours that delighteth in light: and I hope well, that, even in your times, many noble inventions may be TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. discovered for man's use. For who can tell, now MY VERY GOOD LORD, this mine of truth is opened, how the veins go; Your lordship may find, that in the number of and what lieth higher, and what lieth lower ? patents which we have represented to his majesty, But let me trouble your majesty no farther at as like to be stirred in the Lower House of Parliathis time. God ever preserve and prosper your ment, we have set down three, which may conmajesty.

cern some of your lordship's special friends, which (October 19, 1620.]

I account as my own friends; and so showed my self when they were in suit. The one, that to Sir

Giles Mompesson, touching the inns; the second, TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM.

to Mr. Christopher Villiers and Mr. Maule, toucnMY VERY GOOD LORD,

ing the recognisances for ale-houses; the third, to I send now only to give his majesty thanks for Mr. Lieutenant of the Tower, touching the cask.

These in duty could not be omitted, for that, spe* Or the 16th of October, 1620, printed in Lord Bacon's works. + Virgil, Eclog. IX. vers. 46–49.

• Harl. MSS. vol. 7000.

cially the two first of them, are more rumoured, TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM coth by the vulgar and by the gentlemen, yea, MY VERY GOOD LORD, and by the judges themselves, than any other I was so full of cold, as I could not attend his fatents at this day. Therefore, I thought it ap- majesty to-day. Yesterday I despatched the pertained to the singular love and affection which proclamation with the council. There was a moi bear you upon so many obligations, to wish and tion to have sharpened it; but better none, than advise that your lordship, whom God hath made over sharp at first. I moved the council also for in all things so fit to be beloved, would put off the supplying the committee for drawing of bills and envy of these things, which, I think, in them- some other matters, in regard of my Lord Hoselves, bear no great fruit, and rather take the bart's* sickness, who I think will hardly escape: thanks for ceasing them, than the note for maintain- which, though it be happiness for him, yet it is ing them. But, howsoever, let me know your mind, loss for us. and your lordship shall find I will go your way. Meanwhile, as I propounded to the king,

I cannot express how much comfort I take in which he allowed well, I have broken the main the choice which his majesty hath made of my of the Parliament into questions and parts, which lord chief justice to be lord treasurer; not for his I send. It may be, it is an over diligence; but sake, nor for my sake, but for the king's sake, still methinks there is a middle thing between hoping that now a number of counsels, which I art and chance: I think they call it providence, have given for the establishment of his majesty's or some such thing, which good servants owe to estate, and have lain dead and buried deeper than their sovereign, specially in cases of importance this snow, may now spring up, and bear fruit; and straits of occasions. And those huffing the rather, for that I persuade myself he and I elections, and general license of speech ought to shall run one way. And yet I know well, that in make us the better provided. The way will be, this doubling world cor una et ria una is rare in if his majesty be pleased, to peruse these questions one man, but more rare between two. And, advisedly, and give me leave to wait on him; therefore, if it please his majesty, according to his and then refer it to some few of the council, a prudent custom in such cases, to cast out, now at little to advise upon it. I ever rest his coming down, some words, which may the Your lordship's most obliged friend better knit us in conjunction to do him service, I

and faithful servant, suppose it will be to no idle purpose.

FR. VERULAM, Canc And as an old truant in the commission of the December 23, 1620. treasury, let me put his majesty in remembrance of three things now upon his entrance, which he is presently to go in hand with : the first, to make

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. Ireland to bear the charge thereof: the second, to MY HONOURABLE LORD, bring all accounts to one purse in the exchequer: His majesty hath commanded me to signify his the third, by all possible means to endeavour the pleasure unto your lordship, that Sir Thomas taking off the anticipations. There be a thousand Coventry, now his solicitor-general, be forth with things more, but these being his majesty's last made his attorney-general: and that your lordcommands to the commissioners of the treasury, ship give order to the clerk of the crown to draw with such as in his majesty's princely judgment up a grant of the said place unto him accordingly. shall occur, will do well to season his place. And so I rest Your lordship's most obliged friend

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, and faithful servant,


Whitehall, 9th of January, 1620. November 29, 1620.

As soon as I had written this letter I received your lordship's letter, touching my lord chief

TO TIIE LORD CHANCELLOR. justice, which redoubled my comfort, to see how My Honourable LORD, his majesty's thoughts and mine, his poor ser- I have been entreated to recommend unto your vant's, and your lordship’s, meet.

lordship the distressed case of the Lady Martin, I send enclosed names for the speaker; and if his widow of Sir Richard Martin, deceased, who hath majesty, or your lordship, demand our opinion, a cause to be heard before your lordship in the which of them, my lord chief justice will tell you. Chancery, at your first sitting in the next term, It were well it were despatched; for else I will between her and one Archer, and others, upon an not dine with the speaker; for his drink will not ancient statute, due long since unto her husband; be laid in time enough.

which cause, I am informed, hath received three I beseech your lordship, care may be taken that verdicts for her in the common law, a decree in ont general letter may be kept secret, whereof

*Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas. my lord chief justice will tell you the reason.

+ Harl. MSS. vol. 7000

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