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gone into England. He tells me, that Galileo MY VERY GOOD LADY AND Cousin,

had answered your discourse concerning the flus I shall not be wanting in any thing, that may and reflux of the sea, and was sending it unto express my good affection and wishes towards me; but that Mr. White hindered him, because your ladyship, being so near unto me, and the his answer was grounded upon a false supposidaughter of a father, to whom I was in the tion, namely, that there was in the ocean a full passages

of my

fortune much obliged. So, with sea but once in twenty-four hours. But now I my loving commendations, in the midst of busi- will call upon Galileo again. This Mr. White ness, I rest

a discreet and understanding gentleman, Your affectionate kinsman

though he seem a little soft, if not slow; and and assured friend, he hath in his hands all the works, as I take

FR. VERULAM, Canc. it, of Galileo, some printed, and some unprinted. York House, this 25th of January, 1618.

He hath his discourse of the fiux and refux of the sea, which was never printed; as also a discourse of the mixture of metals. Those which

are printed, in his hand, are these: the Nuncius TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.

sidereus ; Macchie solari, and a third Delle Cose, MY HONOURABLE LORD,

che stanno su l'acqua, by occasion of a disputaLest often writing may make your lordship tion, that was amongst learned men in Florence, conceive that this letter hath been drawn from about that which Archimedes wrote, de insidenti. you by importunity, I have thought fit, for pre-bus humido. venting of any such conceit, to let your lordship I have conceived that your lordship would know, that Sir John Wentworth, whose business not be sorry to see these discourses, of that I now recom mmend, is a gentleman whom I es- man; and therefore I have thought it belongteem in more than an ordinary degree. And ing to my service to your lordship, to give therefore I desire your lordship to show him bin a letter of this date, though it will not be what favour you can, for my sake, in his suit, there so soon as this. The gentleman hath no which his majesty hath referred to your lordship: pretence or business before your lordship, but is which I will acknowledge as a courtesy unto willing to do your lordship all humble service; me, and rest

and, therefore, both for this reason, as also upon Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, my humble request, I beseech your lordship to

G. BUCKINGHAM. bestow a countenance of grace upon him. I am Newmarket, January 26, 1618.

beholden to this gentleman; and, if your lord ship shall vouchsafe to ask him of me, I shall receive honour by it. And I most humbly do

your lordship's reverence. TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR,*

Your lordship's most obliged servant, MY HONOURABLE LORD,

TOBIE MATTHEW. I being desired by a special friend of mine, to

Brussels, from my bed, the 14th of April, 1619. recommend unto your lordship’s favour, the case of this petitioner, have thought fit to desire you, for my sake, to show him all the favour you may in this his desire, as you shall find it in reason to

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR.* deserve; which I shall take as a courtesy from MY HONOURABLE LORD, your lordship, and ever rest

His majesty hath commanded me to signify Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, unto your lordship, that it is his pleasure you put

G. BUCKINGHAM. off the hearing of the cause between Sir Arthur

Manwaring and Gabriel Dennis, till toward the I thank your lordship for your favour to Sir end of the term; because his majesty is graciously John Wentworth, in the despatch of his pleased to be at the hearing thereof himself. business.

And so I rest New market, March 15, 1616.

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant,

G. BUCKINGHAM. Royston, April 13, 1619.



TANFIELD, LORD CHIEF BARON OF THE EXIt may please your lordship, there was with CHEQUER. me this day, one Mr. Richard White, who hath My LORDS,—His majesty having been moved spent some little time at Florence, and is now by the Duke of Savoy's ambassador, in the Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.

* Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.



behalf of Philip Bernardi, whom he is to send TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM.
about some special employment over the seas, MY VERY GOOD Lord,
to the Duke of Savoy, that before his going,
the business mentioned in this petition may

I am much bounden to his majesty, and like.

wise to your lordship. I see, by the late accesses ended, hath commanded me to recommend the

I have had with his majesty, and now by his same unto your lordship's care, that with all expedition the cause may be heard and ended by acknowledgeth me for the servant that I am, or

royal and real favour,* that he loveth nie, and your lordships, according to his majesty's refer- desire to be. This, in me, must turn to a great ence; or lefi to the determination of the Court alacrity to honour and serve him with a mind less of Chancery, where it is depending, and where troubled and divided. And, for your lordship, the party assureth himself of a speedy end. And so I rest your lordship’s


affection may and doth daily receive addition,

but cannot, nor never could, receive alteration. very assured friend at command, G, BUCKINGHAM.

I pray present my humble thanks to his majesty; Royston, the 19th of April, 1619.

and I am very glad his health confirmeth ; and I
hope to see him this summer at Gorhambury;
there is sweet air as any is. God preserve and
prosper you both. I ever rest

Your lordship's most obliged

friend and faithful servant, MY VERY GOOD Lord,

FR. VERULAM, Canc. I think fit to let your lordship understand what May 9, 1619. passed yesterday in the Star Chamber, touching Suffolk's* business. There came to me the clerk of the court in the

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. inner chamber, and told me that my Lord of Suf- My HONOURABLE LORD, folk desired to be heard by his council, at the * His majesty was pleased, at the suit of some sitting of the court, because it was pen *** him. who have near relation to me, to grant a license

I marvelled I heard not of it by Mr. Attorney, for transportation of butter out of Wales, unto who should have let me know as much, that I one Lewis and Williams, who, in consideration might not be taken on the sudden in a cause of that the patent should be passed in their names, that weight.

entered into articles for the performance of certain I called, presently, Mr. Attorney to me, and conditions agreed upon between them, which, now asked him whether he knew of the motion, and that the patent is under the great seal, they utterly what it was, and how he was provided to answer refuse to perform. My desire, therefore, to your it. He signified to me, that my lord would desire lordship is, that you would call the said Lewis to have the commission for examinations in Ire- and Williams before you, with the other parties, land, to be returnable in Michaelmas term. I or some of them, who shall be ready at all times said it might not be, and presently drew the coun- to attend your lordship; and, out of your concil, then present, to me, and made Mr. Attorney sideration of the matter, according to equity, to repeat to them the passages past, and settled it, take such course therein, that either the said that the commission should be returnable the first agreement may be performed, or that they which day of the next term, and then, republication refuse it may receive no benefit of the patent; granted, that it might, if accidents of wind and which, upon reason thereof, was passed in their weather permit, come to hearing in the term. names. And herein I desire your lordship to And, upon motion in open court, it was ordered make what expedition you can; because, now is accordingly.

the season to make provision of the butter that, God ever preserve and prosper you. I pray for this year, is to be transported, whereof they God this great easterly wind agree well with his take advantage to stand out. And so I rest majesty.

Your lordship’s faithful
Your lordship's most obliged

friend and servant, friend and faithful servant,


Greenwich, May 14, 1619.
May 6, 1619.

Sent by Sir Gilbert Houghton.


'Though it be nothing, and all is but duty, yc, * Thomas Howard, Earl of Suffolk, who had been made I pray, show his majesty the paper enclosed, that lord treasurer in He was accused of several misdemeanors in that office, together with his lady, and Sir John Bingley, * Probably the grant made to him, about this time, of her ladyship's agent ; and an information preferred against twelve hundred pounds a year. them all in the Star Chamber.

+ Harl. MSS. vol. 7008.

his majesty may see how careful his poor servant | And, therefore, since his coming to Windsor is s, upon every emergent occasion, to do him what prolonged, I thought to keep day by letter, prayhonour he can. The motion made in court by the ing your lordship to commend my most humble king's sergeant, Crew,* that the declaration might service to his majesty, and to let him know, that be made parcel of the record, and that hear since I see his majesty doth me the honour as to otherwise of the great satisfaction abroad, encou- rely upon my care and service, I lose no time in rageth me to let his majesty know what passed. that which may pertain thereunto. I see the God ever preserve and prosper you both. straits, and I see the way out; and what lieth in Your lordship's obliged friend

one man, whom he hath made great, and trained, and faithful servant,

shall not be wanting. And, I hope, if God give FR. VERULAM, Canc, me life for a year or two, to give his majesty Endorsed,

cause to think of me seven years after I am dead. June 29, 1619. My lord to my lord marquis, en

I am glad the time approacheth, when I shall closing the form of a declaration used in point of have the happiness to kiss his majesty's hands, acknowledgment in the Lady Exeter'st cause. and to embrace your lordship, ever resting

Your lordship's most obliged friend
and faithful servant,


York House, Aug. 28, 1619. I PURPOSED to have seen you to-day, and receive your commandments before the progress; but I came not to London till it was late, and found you

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. were gone before I came.

Nevertheless, I would My HONOURABLE Lord, not fail to let your lordship understand, that, as I

His majesty, upon a petition delivered by Mr. find every day more and more occasions whereby Thomas Digby, wherein he complaineth of great you bind me to you; so, this morning, the king wrongs done unto him, hath been pleased, for his of himself did tell me some testimony, that your more speedy relief and redress, if it prove as he lordship gave of me to his majesty even now, allegeth, to refer the consideration thereof unto when you went from him, of so great affection

your lordship. And, because he is a gentleman, and commendation, (for I must ascribe your com- whom I have long known and loved, I could not mendation to affection, being above my merit,) as but add my desire to your lordship, that if you I must do contrary to that that painters do; for find he hath been wronged, you would do him so they desire to m.ike the picture to the life, and I much favour, as to give him such remedy as the must endeavour to make the life to the picture, it equity of his case may require. For which I will hath pleased you to make so honourable a descrip

ever rest tion of me. I can be but yours, and desire to

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, better myself, that I may be of more worth to

G. BUCKINGHAM. such an owner.

Royston, Oct. 8, 1619.
I hope to give the king a good account of my
time this vacation.
If your lordship pass back by London, I desire

to wait on you, and discourse a little with you: My Honourable Lord,
if not, my prayers shall go progress with you,

I have acquainted his majesty with your letter, and my letters attend you, as occasion serveth.

who hath given order to Mr. Secretary Calvert to God ever preserve and prosper you.

signify his pleasure for the proceeding in that Your lordship's most obliged

business, whereof you write, without any farther friend and faithful servant,

delay, as your lordship will more fully underFr. Verulam, Canc.

stand by Mr. Secretary, who for that purpose is July 1, 1619.

to return to London against the day of hearing.

I have no answer to make to your former letter, TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM.

and will add no more to this, but that his majesty MY VERY GOOD LORD,

hath a great confidence in your care of his ser

vice. And so I rest This day, according to the first appointment, I thought to have waited upon his majesty, and to

Your lordship's faithful friend and servant,

G. BUCKINGHAM. have given him an account of my cares and pre

Royston, Oct. 10, 1619. jarations for his service, which is my progress.

Endorsed, * Sir Randolph Crew, made Chief Justice of the King's Showing his majesty's acceptation of your lordBench, January 26, 1624.

ship’s care, in particular in the business againsi + Countess of Exeter, accused of incest and other crimes by the Lady Lake, wite of Secretary Lake, and their daughter

the Earl of Suffolk. the Lady Roos.

Harl. MSS. vol. 7000.

ever rest



MY VERY GOOD LORD, Aster my last Jetter yesterday we entered into I am doubly bounden to the king for his naconference touching the Suffolk cause, myself, jesty's trust and acceptation; whereof the one I and the commissioners, and the two chief jus- will never deceive; the other, though I cannot rices.* The fruit of this conference is, that we deserve, yet I will do my best, and perhaps as all conceive the proceedings against my lord him- much as another man. self to be not only just and honourable, but in This day the evidence went well; for the solisyme principal parts plausible in regard of the citor* did his part substantially: and, a little to public; as, namely, those three points which warm the business, when the misemployment of touch upon the ordnance, the army of Ireland, treasure, which had relation to the army of Ireand the money of the cautionary towns; and the land, I spake a word, that he that did draw or two chief justices are firm in it.

milk treasure from Ireland was handled, did not I did also in this cause, by the assent of my emulgere, milk money, but blood. But this is lords, remove a part; for Mr. Attorney had laid but one of the little things that I wrote of before. it upon Serjeant Daviesť to open the information, The king, under pardon, must come hither which is that which gives much life or coldness with two resolutions; the one, to remit all imto the cause. But I will have none but trained portunity touching this cause to the lords in court men in this cause; and I cannot forget that the of justice; the other, to pursue the designs first ailotting of the opening of the information in this taken at Windsor, and then at Hampton Court, cause of the Dutch (I mean the main cause) to a for his commission of treasury: wherein I do my mean fellow, one Hughes, did hurt, and was part, and it is reasonably well; but better would never well recovered.

it be if instruments were not impediments. I By my next I will write of the king's estate : and I ever rest

Your lordship's most obliged friend Your lordship’s most obliged friend

and faithful servant, and faithful servant,

Fr. VERULAM, Canc. FR. VERULAM, Canc. October 27, Wednesday. October 14, 1619

Friday will not end the business; for to

morrow will but go through with the king's 10 THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. evidence. My VERY GOOD LORD,

This morning the duket came to me, and told me the king's cause was yesterday left fair; and

TO THIE LORD CHANCELLOR. if ever there were a time of my Lord of Suffolk's

MY HONOURABLE LORD, submission, it was now; and that if my Lord of

This bearer, a Frenchman, belonging to tho Suffolk should come into the Court and openly ambassador, having put an Englishman in suit acknowledge his delinquency, he thought it was for some matters between them, is much hindered a thing considerable. My answer was, I would and molested, by often removing of the cause not meddle in it; and, if I did, it must be to dis- from one court to another. Your lordship knows, suade any such course; for that all would be but that the French are not acquainted with our mana play upon the stage, if justice went not on in ner of proceedings in the law, and must therefore the right course. This I thought it my duty to be ignorant of the remedy in such a case.

His let the king know by your lordship.

course was to his majesty; but I thought it more I cannot express the care I have had of this

proper cause in a number of circumstances and discrp- hear and understand this case from himself, and

that your lordship would be pleased to tions, which, though they may seem but small then to advise and take order for his relief, as matters, yet they do the business, and guide it

your lordship in your wisdom shall think fit. right.

So, commending him to your honourable favour, God ever keep your lordship.

I rest
Your lordship's most obliged friend

Your lerdehip's faithful friend and servant, and faithful servant,


Royston, 27th of October 1019. October 21, 1619.

Your lordship shall do well to be informed of Sir Henry Montagu of the King's Bench, and Sir Henry every particular, because his majesty will have + Sir John Davies, author of Nosce teipsum, knighted in account of it at his coming. February, 1607-8, and made serjeant at law in 1612. He had been Altorney-General of Ireland.

* Sir Thomas Coventry, afterwards lord keeper of the I lodowick, Duke of Lenos: he was created Duke of Rich- great seal. niond, May 11, 1623, and died February 11, 1623-4. VOL. II! .-16


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Ilobart of the Common Pleas.

+ Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.



cause my first letter was written in the epitasis, MY HONOURABLE LORD,

or trouble of the business; and my second in the I have acquainted his majesty with your letter, beginning of the catastrophe, or calming thereof, who commanded me to give your lordship thanks (wherein, nevertheless, I was fain to bear rp for your speed in advertising those things that pass, strongly into the weather, before the calm fois and for the great care he seeth you ever have of lowed,) and since every day hath been better and his service.

better, I thought good to signify so much, thai I send your lordship back the bill of sheriff's his majesty may be less in suspense. for Sussex, wherein his majesty hath pricked the

The great labour was to get entrance into first, as your lordship wished.

the business; but now the portcullis is drawn His majesty would not have you omit this up. And though, I must say, there were some opportunity of so gross an oversight in the blots in the tables, yet, by well playing, the game judges, to admonish them of their negligence in suffering such a thing to come to his majesty,

Roland is passing well justified; for both his which needed his amending afterwards; and, credit is by very constant and weighty testimony withal, to let them know, that his majesty ob- proved, and those vast quantities, which were serveth that every year they grow more and inore thought incredible, or at least improbable, are careless of presenting fit men unto him for that now made manifest truth. place; and that you advise them to be more wary

Yet I find a little of the old leaven towards the hereafter, that they may give his majesty better first defendants, carried in this style and characsatisfaction. And so I rest

ter: “I would this that appears now, had apYour lordship’s faithful friend and servant,

peared at first. But this cometh of haste and G. BUCKINGHAM.

precipitation;" and the like. But yet, I hope, Royston, November 14, 1619.

the corruption and practice upon the ore lenus, and the rectifying of Rowland's credit, will satisfy my lords upon the former proofs. For I

would be very sorry that these new defendants TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM.

(which, except one or two, are the smaller Aies) My very good LORD,

should be in the net, and the old defendants, This day afternoon, upon our meeting in which are the greater flies, should get through. council, we have planed those rubs and knots, God preserve you. which were mentioned in my last, whereof I Your lordship's most obliged friend thought good presently to advertise his majesty.

and faithful servant, The days hold without all question, and all delays

FR. VERULAM, Canc. diverted and quieted.

November 26, 1619. Sir Edward Coke was at Friday's hearing, but

Endorsed, in his nightcap; and complained to me he was

Touching the Dutch business. ambulent, and not current. I would be sorry he should fail us in this cause. Therefore, I desire his majesty to signify to him, by your lordship, (taking knowledge of some light indisposition of his,) how much he should think his service

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. disadvantaged in this cause, if he should be at

MY HONOURABLE LORD, any day away; for then he cannot sentence.

I do, from time to time, acquaint his majesty By my next, I will give his majesty some with your letters, wherein he ever perceiveth account of the tobacco and the currants. I

your vigilant care in any thing that concerneth

his service; and hath commanded me to give you Your lordship's most obliged friend

thanks in his name, who is sure your endeavours and faithful servant,

will never be wanting, when any thing is to be FR. VERULAM, Canc.

done for the advancement of his affairs. November 20, at evening, 1619.

According to your lordship's advice, his majesty hath written to the commissioners of the

treasury, both touching the currants and the tobac. TO THE MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM. co,t the plantation whereof his majesty is fully

resolved to restrain; and hath given them order MY VERY GOOD LORD,

I know well his majesty taketh to heart this business of the Dutch,* as he hath great reason, + Lord Bicon, in his letter of November 22, 1619, mentions in respect both of honour and profit. And be that there was offered two thousand pounds increase yearly,

ever rest

for the tobacco, to begin at Michaelmas, as it now is, and • Merchants, accused in the Star Chamber for exporting three thousand pounds increase, if the plantations bere willin gold and silver coin.

land be restrained.

* Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.

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