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TO THE LORD KEEPER. nent place of equity your lordship holdeth, I must, since I cannot understand from your lord- MY HONOURABLE LORD, ship the cause of my late close restraint, rest,

The certificate being returned upon the comduring your lordship's pleasure,

mission touching Sir Richard Haughton's alum Your lordship's close prisoner in the Fleet,

mines, I have thought fit to desire your lordship's FR. ENGLEFYLD.

furtherance in the business, which his majesty Oct. 28, 1617.

(as your lordship will see by his letter) much affecteth as a bargain for his advantage, and for

the present relief of Sir Richard Haughton. TO THE LORD KEEPER.

What favour your lordship shall do hiin therein MY HONOURABLE LORD,

I will not fail to acknowledge, and will ever rest I have thought good to renew my motion to

Your lordship's faithful servant, your lordship, in the behalf of my Lord of Hun

G. BUCKINGHAM. tingdon, my Lord Stanhope, and Sir Thomas

Endorsed, Gerard; for that I am more particularly ac

Received, November 16, 1617. quainted with their desires; they only seeking the true advancement of the charitable uses, unto which the land, given by their grandfather, was

TO TIIE LORD KEEPER. intended: which, as I am informed, was meant MY HONOURABLE LORD, by way of a corporation, and by this means, that I have acquainted his majesty with your lordit might be settled upon the schoolmaster, usher, ship’s letter, who liketh well of the judges' opiand poor, and the coheirs to be visitors. The nion you sent unto him, and hath pricked the tenants might be conscionably dealt withal; and sheriff of Buckinghamshire in the roll you sent, so it will be out of the power of any feoffees to which I returned signed unto your lordship. abuse the trust; which, it hath been lately His majesty takes very well the pains you have proved, have been hitherto the hindrance of this taken in sending to Sir Lionel Cranfield; and good work. These coheirs desire only the ho- desireth you to send to him again, and to quicken nour of their ancestor's gift, and wish the money, him in the business. misemployed and ordered to be paid into court by Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, Sir John Harper, may rather be bestowed by

G. BUCKINGHAM. your lordship’s discretion for the augmentation of the foundation of their ancestors, than by the his household, wherewith he would have your

His majesty liketh well the course taken about censure of any other. And so I rest

lordship, and the rest of his council, to go forward. Your lordship's servant, G. BUCKINGHAM.

Newmarket, the 17th November, 1617.
Theobalds, November 12.


My Lord of Buckingham showing his majesty's ap

probation of the courses held touching the household. TO THE LORD KEEPER. MY HONOURABLE LORD,

TO THE EARL OF BUCKINGHAM.I Though I had resolved to give your lordship no Mr very good Lord, more trouble in matters of controversy depending The last letter of my lord's, whereof the conclu. before you, with what importance soever my let- sion, indeed, is a little blunt, as the king callech ters had been, yet the respect I bear unto this it, was concluded in my absence, which hath been gentleman hath so far forced my resolution, as to but once since I came to this town; and brought recommend unto your lordship the suit, which, I me by the clerk of the council, as I sat in ain informed by him, is to receive a hearing before Chancery. Whereupon I retired to a little closet you on Monday next, between Barneby Leigh and I have there, and signed it, not thinking fit to Sir Edward Dyer, plaintiffs, and Sir Thomas sever. Thynne,& defendant; wherein I desire your lord- For my opinion, I despatched it the morrow ship’s favour on the plaintiffs so far only as the following. And till Sir Lionel Cranfields be justice of their cause shall require. And so I rest Your lordship's faithful servant,




I In answer to his lordship's letter from Newmarket, No

vember 19, 1617, printed in Lord Bacon's Works. Newmarket, the 15th of November.

He was originally a merchant in the city of London, in Endorsed, 1617.

troduced to the king's knowledge by the Earl of Northamp.

ton, and into his service by the Earl of Buckingham, being Harl MSS. vol. 7006.

Ibid. the great projector for reforming the king's household, ad. 1 Eldest son of Sir John Thynne, knight, who died, Novem- vancing the customs, and other services; for which he was ber 21, 1604. This Sir Thomas's younger son by his first made lord treasurer, Baron Cranfield, and Earl of Middleser; wife, Marv, daughter of George, Lord Audley, was father of but being accused by the House of Commons for misdemean. Thomas Thynne, Esq.; assassinated by the followers of ors in his office, he had a severe sentence passed upon him Count Conigsmark, February 12, 1682-3.

by the lords in 1624.

• Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.



able to execute his part in the sub-commission, it sure your lordship, that should have been no will, in my opinion, not be so fit to direct it. He excuse to me, who shall ever assign both to the crept to me yesternight, but he is not well. I causes of the subject, yea, and to my health, but did his majesty's message to him touching the the leavings of times after his majesty's business tobacco; and he said he would give his majesty done. But the truth is, I could not speak with very real and solid satisfaction touching the Sir Lionel Cranfield, with whom of necessity 1 same.

was to confer about the names, till this afterThis is all for the present I shall trouble your noon. lordship withal, resting ever

First, therefore, I send the names by his ad. Your lordship's true friend and devoted servant, vice, and with mine own good allowance of those,

Fr. Bacon. which we wish his majesty should select; whereNovember 20, 1617.

in I have had respect somewhat to form, more to the avoiding of opposition, but most to the service.

Two most important effects his majesty's letter

hath wrought already : the one, that we perceive MY HONOURABLE LORD,

his majesty will go through stitch, which goeth His majesty liketh very well of the draught to the root of our disease. The other, that it your lordship sent of the letter for the sub-com- awaketh the particular officers, and will make mission, and hath signed it as it was, without their own endeavours and propositions less perany alteration, and sent it to the lords. Which functory, and more solid and true for the future. is all I have to write at this time, but that I ever Somewhat is to be done presently, and somewhat rest your lordship's faithful friend and servant, by seasonable degrees. For the present my ad

G. BUCKINGHAM. vice is, his majesty would be pleased to write Newmarket, the 2d of December, 1617.

bac': to the table, that he doth well approve that we did not put back or retard the good ways we were in of ourselves; and that we understood his

majesty's right: that his late direction was to TO THE LORD KEEPER.

give help, and not hindrance to the former courses ; MY HONOURABLE LORD,

and that he doth expect the propositions we have His majesty hath been pleased to refer a peti- in hand, when they are finished : and that for the tion of one Sir Thomas Blackstones to your lord- sub-commissions, he hath sent us the names he ship, who being brother-in-law to a gentleman hath chosen out of those by us sent and prowhom I much respect, Sir Henry Constable, I pounded; and that he leaveth the particular have, at his request, yielded to recommend his directions from time to time, in the use of the subbusiness so far to your lordship's favour, as you commissioners, wholly to the table. shall find his case to deserve compassion, and may This I conceive to be the fairest way; first to seal stand with the rules of equity. And so I rest the sub-commission without opening the nature Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, of their employments, and without seeming that

G. BUCKINGHAM. they should have any immediate dependence upon Newmarket, the 4th of December.

his majesty, but merely upon the table.

As for that which is to be kept in breast, and to Endorsed, 1617.

come forth by parts, the degrees are these:

First, to employ the sub-commissioners in the reconsidering of those branches, which the several officers shall propound.

Next, in taking consideration of other branches MY VERY GOOD LORD,

of retrenchment, besides those which shall be Your lordship may marvel, that together with propounded. the letter from the board, which you see passed The third, to take into consideration the great so well, there came no particular letter from my- and huge arrears and debts in every office; self; wherein, though it be true, that now this whether there be cause to abate them upon deceit very evening I have made even with the causes or abuse; and at least how to settle them best, of Chancery, and comparing with the causes both for the king's honour, and avoiding of neard by my lord, # that dead is, of Michaelmas clamour, and for the taking away, as much as term was twelvemonth, I find them to be double may be, that same ill influence and effect, where so many and one more; besides that the causes by the arrear past destroys the good husbandıy that I despatch do seldom turn upon me again, as and reformation to come. his many times did ; yet, nevertheless, I do as- The fourth is to proceed from the consideration

of the retrenchments and arrears to the improve

# Ibid. 1 Chancellor Ellesmere.



• Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.



All these four, at least the last three, I wish not discovery upon the discourse you had with me to be stirred in till his majesty's coming.

this day.* For I do freely confess, that your God ever preserve and prosper you.

offer of submission unto me, and in writing, if so Your lordship’s true friend

I would have it, battered so the unkindness that I and devoted servant, had conceived in my heart for your behaviour toFr. Bacon. wards me in my absence, as, out of the sparks of

my old affection towards you, I went to sound Your lordship will be pleased to have a little his majesty's intention towards you, specially in care of the bestowing of this letter.

any public meeting; where I found, on the one York House, this 6th of December, 1617.

part, his majesty so little satisfied with your late answer unto him, which he counted (for I protest I use his own terms) confused and childish, and his rigorous resolution on the other part so fixed,

that he would put some public exemplary mark My Lord,—I have received so many letters late- upon you; as I protest the sight of his deep conly from your lordship, that I cannot answer them ceived indignation quenched my passion, making severally: but the ground of them all being only me upon the instant change from the person of a this, that your lordship feareth I am so incensed party into a peacemaker; so as I was forced against you that I will hearken to every informa- upon my knees to beg of his majesty, that he rion that is made unto me; this one letter may would put no public act of disgrace upon you. well make answer unto them all. As his majesty And as I dare say, no other person would have is not apt to give ear to any idle report against been patiently heard in this suit by his majesty men of your place; so for myself, I will answer but myself; so did I (though not without diffithat it is far from my disposition to take any ad- culty) obtain thus much, that he would not so far vantage in that kind. And for your lordship's un- disable you from the merit of your future service, kind dealing with me in this matter of my brother's, as to put any particular mark of disgrace upon time will try all. His majesty hath given me your person. Only thus far his majesty protestcommandment to make this answer in his name eth, that upon the conscience of his office he canto your letter to him, that he needeth not to make not omit (though laying aside all passion) 10 give any other answer to you, than that which in that a kindly reprimand at his first sitting in council, letter you make to yourself, that you know his to so many of his counsellors, as were then here majesty to be so judicious, that whatsoever he behind, and were actors in this business, for their heareth, he will keep one ear open to you ; which ill behaviour in it. Some of the particular errors being indeed his own princely disposition, you committed in this business he will name, but may be assured of his gracious favour in that kind. without accusing any particular persons by name.

I will not trouble your lordship with any longer Thus your lordship seeth the fruits of my discourse at this time, being to meet you so shortly, natural inclination. I protest, all this time past where will be better trial of all that hath passed, it was no small grief unto me to hear the mouth of than can be made by letters. So I rest

so many upon this occasion open to load you with Your lordship's at command, innumerable malicious and detracting speeches,

G. BUCKINGHAM. as if no music were more pleasing to my ear, than Warwick, Sept. 5, 1617.

to rail of you : which made me rather regret the ill-nature of mankind, that, like dogs, love to set

upon them that they see snatched at. THE EARL OF BUCKINGHAM TO THE LORD KEEPER, And to conclude, my lord, you have hereby a SIR FRANCIS BACON."

fair occasion so to make good hereafter your My LORD,- I have made his majesty acquainted reputation, by your sincere service to his majesty, with your note concerning that wicked fellow's as also by your firm and constant kindness to speeches, which his majesty contemneth, as is your friends, as I may (your lordship’s old friend) usual to his great spirit in these cases. But notwith participate of the comfort and honour that will standing his majesty is pleased that it shall be thereby come to you. Thus I rest at last exactly tried whether this foul-mouthed fellow wa Your lordship's faithful friend and servani, taken either with drunkenness or madness, when he

G. B. spake it. And as for your lordship's advice for setting up again the commissioners for suits, his The force of your old kindness hath made me majesty saith, there will be time enough for think- set down this in writing unto you, which some, ing upon that, at his coming to Hampton Court. that have deserved ill of me in this action, would

But his majesty's direction, in answer of your be glad to obtain by word of mouth, though they letter, hath given me occasion to join hereunto a

* At Windsor, according to Sir Anthony Weldon, who may * This seems to be the letter to whin the lord keeper re- perhaps be believed in such a circumstance as this See Court turned an answer, September 22, 1617, printed in his works. and Character of King James I., p. 122


be far enough from it for aught I yet see. But I year's gift, a plain cap of essay, in token that if beseech your lordship to reserve this secretly to your lordship in any thing shall make me your yourself only, till our meeting at Hampton Court, sayman, I will be hurt before your lordship shail

I lest his majesty should be highly offended for a be hurt. I present therefore to you my best sercause that I know.

vice, which shall be my all-year's gift. Endorsed, A letter of reconciliation from Lord Buckingham,

after his majesty's return from Scotland.



Sir George Chaworth and I am agreed, so tha: TO THE LORD KEEPER.

now I shall retain the grace of my place, and yet MY HONOURABLE LORD,

he rewarded. The king hath no ill bargain; for, Lest Mr. Secretary should be come away be- he hath four times as much as he was offered by fore the delivery of this packet, I have thought fit Sir George, of increase; and yet I take upon me to direct it to your lordship, with this letter to to content my servants, and to content him. Neveryour lordship about the Court of Wards, and theless, I shall think myself pleasured by his another to the lords from his majesty. Which is majesty, and do acknowledge, that your lordship all I have now to write, but that I ever rest hath dealt very honourably and nobly with me, Your lordship's faithful friend and servant, I send enclosed a letter, whereby your lordship

G. BUCKINGHAM. signifieth his majesty's pleasure to me; and I Newmarket, the 7th of December, 1617.

shall make the warrant to Mr. Attorney. I desire it may be carried in privateness. I ever rest

Your lordship's true friend

and devoted servant, TO THE LORD KEEPER.


This New Year's eve, 1617. I have acquainted his majesty with your lordship's letter, who hath followed your directions therein, and written to the lords accordingly; which is all I have now to write to your lordship,

TO SIR JAMES FULLERTON.* but that I shall ever rest

I PRESUME to send his highness this pair of Your lordship's faithful friend and servant,

small candlesticks, that his light, and the light G. BUCKINGHAM.

of his posterity upon the church and commonNewmarket, the 9th of December, 1617.

wealth, may never fail. I pray you do me the Endorsed,

favour to present it to his highness, with my best My Lord of Buckingham to your lordship, showing and humblest service. the king's liking of your opinion and choice of

Your most affectionate names for sub-commission.

and assured friend,

Fr. Bacon, C. S.



TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. Your lordship's letters patentsg are ready. I

MY HONOURABLE LORD, would be glad to be one of the witnesses at the

His majesty having given order to Mr. Solidelivery; and, therefore, if the king and your lord-citort to acquaint your lordship with a business ship will give me leave, I will bring it to-morrow

touching alehouses,s that, upon consideration at any hour shall be appointed. Your lordship's ever,

* He had been surveyor of the lands to Frince Charles,

FRA. Bacon. when Duke of York; and was groom of the stole to him New Year's eve, 1617.

when king. He died in January, 1630-1.

+ Harl. MSS. vol. 7006. I was bold to send your lordship, for your new

Sir Thomas Coventry.

& The lord chancellor, in his letter to the Marquis of BuckHarl. MSS. vol. 7006.

ingham, dated January 25, 1617, printed in his works, has the + Sir Thomas Lake; his colleague, Secretary Winwood, following passage : “For the suit of the alehouses, which died October 27, 1617; and Sir Robert Naunton succeeded to concerneth your brother, Mr. Christopher Villiers, and Mr. the post of secretary, January 8, 1617-8, from that of Surveyor Patrick Maule, I have conferred with my lord chief justice of the Court of Wards.

and Mr. Solicitor thereupon, and there is a scruple in it, that Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.

it should be one of the grievances put down in Parliament : For the title of Marquis of Buckingham to bimself and the which, if it be, I may not, in my duty and love to you, advise riale heirs of his body.

you to deal in it; if it be not, I will mould in the best manner, John Huddy what favour you lawfully may, and and help it forward." A patent for licensing alehouses


ever rest

of Jan. 1617.

thereof, you might certify your opinion unto his of whom you write, Sir John Cotton, I know no majesty, whether it be fit to be granted or not; I cause in the world why I should have displaced nave thought fit to desire your lordship to give it him, but that it was certified unto me, that it was what favour and furtherance you may, if you find his own desire to resign : wherein, if I was abused, it reasonable, and not prejudicial to his majesty's I will restore him. But if he did consent, and, service, because it concerneth Mr. Patrick Maule, now it is done, changeth his mind, then I would and my brother, Christopher Villiers, whose bene- be loath to disgrace the other, that is come in. fit I have reason to wish and advance by any just Therefore, I pray your lordship, that I may know And so I rest

and be informed from himself, what passed touchYour lordship's faithful servant, ing his consent; and I will do bim reason.

G. BUCKINGHAM. Thus, with my thanks to your lordship, I will Royston, the 11th

Your lordship's true friend
and most devoted servant,

Fr. Bacon, Canc.

January 20, 1617. MY HONOURABLE LORD,

Endorsed, Sir John Cottont having acquainted me with a To the Marquis of Buckingham, concerning Sir petition he intended to exhibit to his majesty,

John Cotton's resigning the place of Custos Rothat, without any apparent fault committed by tulorum of Cambridgeshire. him, he was put from his office of custos rotulorum; I have persuaded him to forbear the presenting of bis petition until I had written to your lordship, and received your answer. I have, therefore,

TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. thought fit to signify unto your lordship, that he MY HONOURABLE LORD, is a gentleman of whom his majesty maketh good

Since I received your lordship's letter, Sir esteem, and hath often occasion to use his service; Lionel Cranfield being here, hath informed his and, therefore, besides that he is a man of good majesty of the whole proceeding in his business years, and hath served long in the place, I know of the household ; which his majesty liketh very his majesty, out of these respects, will be loath he well, and is glad it is approved by your lordship, should receive any disgrace. I desire, therefore, of whose care and pains therein he receiveth very to understand from your lordship the reasons of

good satisfaction. his remove, that, if I cannot give satisfaction to

In the business touching Sir John Cotton, your the gentleman himself, I may at least make an- lordship dealeth as nobly as can be desired ; and swer to his majesty for that act of your lordship’s, so, if it should come in question before his mawhich is alleged to be very unusual, unless upon jesty, I would answer in your behalf. I leave some precedent misdemeanor of the party. Thus, Sir John Cotton to inform your lordship by his having in this point discharged my part in taking letter of the business, and ever rest the best course I could, that no complaint should

Your lordship's faithful servant, come against you to the king, I rest

G. BUCKINGHAM. Your lordship's faithful friend,

Newmarket, the 24th of January, 1617.

G. BUCKINGH M. Newmarket, the 16th of January, 1617.



I have been entreated by a gentleman, whom I MY VERY GOOD LORD,

much respect, to recommend to your lordship's I do not easily fail towards gentlemen of quality, favour Mr. John Huddy, between whom and Mr. to disgrace them. For, I take myself to have some Richard Huddy there is, as I am informed, a interest in the good wills of the gentlemen of cause to be heard before your lordship in the England, which I keep and cherish for his ma- Chancery on Saturday next. My desire unto jesty's special service. And, for this gentleman, your lordship is, that you would show the said

as his cause will bear, when it cometh before being afterwards granted to Sir Giles Mompesson and Sir Frances Mitchel, and greatly abused by them, they were you, for my sake. Which I will not fail to punished for those abuses by the Parliament, which met acknowledge, ever resting January 30, 1620-1.

Your lordship’s faithful servant for Landwade, in Cambridgeshire, knight. He served

G. BUCKINGHAM. many years as knight of the shire for that county, and died in Newmarket, the 28th of January, 1617. 1620, at the age of seventy-seven. His eldest son, Sir John Colton, was created a baronet, July 14, 1641.

* Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.

Harl. MSS. vol. 7006,

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