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in a great king, to be solicitor for one of the MR. TOBIE MATTIIEW TO SIR FRANCIS BACON ineanest subjects that he hath.

ATTORNEY-GENERAL. I send my letter to my lord's grace open, that MAY IT PLEASE YOUR Honour, before you seal it (if you shall think fit to seal it, Such as know your honour may congratulate and rather not to deliver it open) you may see the with you the favour which you have lately received reasons that I have; which, if I be not partial, are from his majesty, of being made a counsellor of very pregnant. Although I confess, that till it state :* but as for me, I must have leave to conwas now very lately motioned to me by some gratulate with the council-lable, in being so happy honourable friends, who have already procured to as to have you for an assessor. I hope these are disimpression his majesty of some hard conceit but beginnings, and that the marriage, which now he had me in, I did not greatly think thereof; I perceive that fortune is about to make with and now I am full of hope that I shall prevail. virtue, will be consummate in your person. I canFor supposing that my Lord of Canterbury's mind not dissemble, though I am ashamed to mention, is but made of iron, the adamant of your persua- the excessive honour which you have vouchsafed sion will have power to draw it. It may please to do unto my picture. But shame ought not to you either to send a present answer hereunto, or, be so hateful as sin; and without sin I know not since I am not worthy of so much favour, to tell how to conceal the extreme obligation, into which either of those honourable persons aforenamed what I am entered thereby, which is incomparably more the answer is, that accordingly they may co-operate. than I can express, and no less than as much as I

This letter goes by Sir Edward Parham, a gen- am able to conceive. And as the copy is more tleman whom I have been much beholden to. I fortunate than the original, because it hath the know him to be a perfect honest man; and since, I honour to be under your eye, so the original, being protest, I had rather die than deceive you, I will much more truly yours than the copy can be, humbly pray, that he may rather receive favour aspires, by having the happiness to see you, to from you than otherwise, when he shall come in put the picture out of countenance. your way, which at one time or other all the I understand by Sir George Petref who is arworld there must do. And I shall acknowledge rived here at the Spa, and is so wise as to honour myself much bound to you, as being enabled by you extremely, though he have not the fortune to this means to pay many of my debts to him. be known to your honour, that he had heard how

I presume to send you the copy of a piece of a my Lord of Canterbury had been moved in my letter, which Galileo, of whom I am sure you behalf, and that he gave way unto my return. have heard, wrote to a monk of my acquaintance This, if it bo true, cannot have happened without in Italy, about the answering of that place in some endeavour of your honour; and, therefore, Joshua, which concerns the sun's standing still, howsoever I have not been particularly advertised and approving thereby the pretended falsehood of that your honour had delivered my letter to his Copernicus's opinion. The letter was written by grace; yet now methinks I do as good as know it, occasion of the opposition, which some few in and dare adventure to present you with my humItaly did make against Galileo, as if he went blest thanks for the favour. But the main point about to establish that by experiments which ap- is, how his majesty should be moved ; wherein pears to be contrary to Holy Scripture. But he my friends are straining courtesy; and unless I makes it appear the while by this piece of a let- have your honour for a master of the ceremonies to ter which I send you, that if that passage of take order, who shall begin, all the benefit, that I Scripture doth expressly favour either side, it is can reap by this negotiation, will be to have the for the affirmative of Copernicus's opinion, and reputation of little judgment in attempting that for the negative of Aristotle's. To an attorney- which I was not able to obtain; and that howsoever general in the midst of a town, and such a one I have shot fair, I know not how to hit the mark. as is employed in the weightiest affairs of the I have been directed by my Lord Roos, who was kingdom, it might seem unseasonable for me to the first mover of this stone, to write a letter, interrupt you with matter of this nature. But I which himself would deliver to the Master of the know well enough in how high account you have Horse,+ who doth me the honour to wish me very the truth of things : and that no day can pass, well : and I have obeyed his lordship, and beseech wherein you give not liberty to your wise thoughts your honour, that you will be pleased to prevent, of looking upon the works of nature. It may or to accompany, or second it with your commenplease you to pardon the so much trouble which dation, lest otherwise the many words that I have I give you in this kind ; though yet, I confess, I used have but the virtue of a single 0, or cipher. do not deserve a pardon, because I find not in But, indeed, if I had not been overweighed by the myself a nurpose of forbearing to do the like here

* Sir Francis Bacon was sworn at Greenwich of the privy. after. I most numbly kiss your hand.

council, June 9, 1616. Your most faithful and affectionate servant,

+ Grandson of John, the first Lord Petre, and son of Wil.

liam, second baron of that name. Tobie Matthew.

Sir George Villiers, who was appointed to that offire, Brussels, this 21st of April, 1616.

January 4, 1615-6.


authority of my Lord Roos's commandment, Iyour honour that I expressed thereby an act rather should rather have reserved the master of the of obedience than prudence, as not holding his horse's favour to some other use afterward. In lordship a fit man, whom by presenting that letter conformity whereof I have also written to his lord- the king might peradventure discover to be my ship, and perhaps he will thereupon forbear to favourer in this business. In regard whereof I deliver my letter to the master of the horse: besought him, that howsoever I had complied whereas I should be the less sorry if your honour's with his command in writing, yet he would forself would not think it inconvenient to make the bear the delivery: and 1 gave him divers reasons suit of my return to his majesty ; in which case I for it. And, both in contemplation of those should, to my extreme contentment, have all my reasons, as also of the hazard of miscarriage that obligations to your honour only.

letters do run into between these parts and those, His majesty's being now in progress, will give I have now thought fit to send your honour thisensome impediment to my suit, unless either it be closed, accompanied with a most humble entreaty my good fortune that your honour do attend his that you will be pleased to put it into the master person, or else that you will be pleased to com- of the horse's hands, with such a recommendamand some one of the many servants your honour tion as you can give. Having read it, your hath in court, to procure the expedition of my honour may be pleased to seal it; and if his cause; wherein I can foresee no difficulty, when I honour have received the former by other hands, consider the interest which your honour alloweth this may serve in the nature of a duplicate or me in your favour, and my innocent carriage copy: if not, it may be the original; and, indeed, abroad for so many years; whereunto all his though it should be but the copy, if it may be majesty's ministers, who have known me, I am touched by your honour, it would have both sure, will give an attestation, according to the greater grace and greater life than the principal contents of my letter, to his Grace of Canterbury. itself; and, therefore, howsoever, I humbly pray,

If I durst, I would most humbly entreat your that this may be delivered. honour to be pleased, that some servant of yours If my business should be remitted to the counmay speedily advertise me, whether or no his cil-table (which yet I hope will not be) I am most Grace of Canterbury hath received my letter; a stranger to my lord chancellor and my lord what his answer was; and what I may hope in chamberlain, * of whom yet I trust, by means of

I this my suit. I remember, that the last words your honour's good word in my behalf, that I shall which I had the honour to hear from your mouth, receive no impediment. were, that if I continued any time free both from The bearer, Mr. Becher,t can say what my disloyalty and priesthood, your honour would be carriage hath been in France, under the eye of pleased to make yourself the intercessor for my several ambassadors; which makes me the more return. Any letter sent to Mr. Trumball for me glad to use him in the delivery of this letter to will come safely and speedily to my hands.

your honour: and if


be pleased The term doth now last with your honour all to command me any thing, he will convey it to the year long, and therefore the sooner I make an my knowledge. end, the better service I shall do you. I presume I hear to my unspeakable joy of heart, how Lo kiss your hands, and continue

much power you have with the master of the Your honour's most entirely, and

horse; and how much immediate favour you have humbly ever at commandment, also with his most excellent majesty: so that I can

TOBIE Matthews. not but hope for all good success, when I consider Spa, this 16th of July, stylo novo, 1616.

withal the protection whereinto you have been P. S. It is no small penance, that I am forced pleased to take me, the to apparel my mind in my man's hand, when it Most humble and most obliged of speaks to your honour. But God Almighty will


honour's many servants, have it so, through the shaking I have in my

Tobie MATTHEW. right hand; and I do little less than want the use Spa, this last of July, stylo novo, 1616. of my forefinger.

honour may




I have been made happy by your honour's I presumed to importune your honour with a noble and dear lines of the 22d of July: and the letter of the 16th of this month, whereby I signified joy that I took therein was only kept froni excess how I had written to the master of the horse, that he would be pleased to move his majesty for * William, Earl of Pembroke. my return into England; and how that I had † William, afterwards knighted. He had been secretary to done it upon the direction of my Lord Roos, who Sir George Calvert, ambassador to the court of France, and offered to be the deliverer thereof. Withal I told of the council

was afterwards agent at that court; and at last made clerk


by the notice they gave me of some intentions foreign princes. My king is wise, and I hope and advices of your honour, which you have been that he hath this just mercy in store for me. God pleased to impart to others of my friends, with a Almighty make and keep your honour ever hap. meaning, that they should acquaint me with them; py, and keep me so in his favour, as I will be whereof they have entirely failed. And, there- sure to continue fore, if still it should import me to understand Your honour's ever most obliged what they were, I must be enforced to beg the

and devoted servant, knowledge of them from yourself. Your honour

Tobie MATTHEW. hath by this short letter delivered me otherwise Antwerp, this first of Sept., stylo novo, 1616. from a great deal of laborious suspense; for, be- P. S., MAY IT PLEASE YOUR Honour, sides the great hope you give me of being so I have written to Sir John Digby; and I think shortly able to do you reverence, I am come to he would do me all favour, if he were handsomeknow, that by the diligence of your favour towards ly put upon it. My lady of Pembroke hath writme, my Lord of Canterbury hath been drawn to ten, and that very earnestly, to my lord chambergive way, and the master of the horse hath been lain in


behalf. induced to move. That motion, I trust, will be This letter goes by Mr. Robert Garret, to granted, howsoever; but I should be out of fear whom I am many ways beholden, for making me thereot, if, when he moves the king, your honour the best present that ever I received, by deliverwould cast to be present; that if his majesty ing me your honour's last letter. should make any difficulty, some such reply as is wont to come from you in such cases may have power to discharge it.

I have been told rather confidently than credibly, (for in truth I am hardly drawn to believe it,) MAY IT PLEASE YOUR EXCELLENT MAJESTY, that Sir Henry Goodere should underhand (upon

Because I have ever found, that in business the reason of certain accounts that run between the consideration of persons, who are instrumenta him and me, wherein I might justly lose my right, animata, is no less weighty than of matters, 1 if I had so little wit as to trouble your honour's humbly pray your majesty to peruse this enclosed infinite business by a particular relation thereof) paper, containing a diligence which I have used oppose himself to my return, and perform ill in omnem eventum. If Towerson,* as a passionoffices, in conformity of that unkind affection ate man, have overcome himself in his opinion, which he is said to bear me; but, as I said, I can- so it is. But if his company make this good, not absolutely believe it, though yet I could not then I am very glad to see in the case wherein so far despise the information, as not to acquaint we now stand, there is this hope left, and your your honour with what I heard. I offer it not as majesty's honour preserved in the entier. God a ruled case, but only as a query, as I have also have your majesty in his divine protection. done to Ir. Secretary Lake, in this letter, which Your majesty's most devoted I humbly pray your honour may be given him,

and most bounden servant, &c. together with your best advice, how my business is to be carried in this conjuncture of his ma

This is a secret to all men but my lord chanjesty's drawing near to London, at which time I cellor; and we go on this day with the new comshall receive my sentence. I have learned from pany without discouraging them at all. your honour to be confident, that it will be pro- September 18, 1616. nounced in my favour: but, if the will of God

Endorsed, should be otherwise, I shall yet frame for myself to the king, upon Towerson's propositions about

the cloth business. a good proportion of contentment; since, howsoever, I was so unfortunate, as that I might not enjoy my country, yet, withal, I was so happy, as that my return thither was desired and negotiated RICHARD MARTIN, ESQ.1 TO SIR FRANCIS BACON. by the affection, which such a person as yourself Right Honourable, vouchsafed to bear me. When his majesty shall be moved, if he chance to make difficulty about sidering the end of my journey,) was no loss

By attendance at court two days (in vain, conmy return, and offer to impose any condition, which it is known I cannot draw myself to di

* Whose brother, Captain Gabriel Towerson, was one of the

English merchants executed by the Dutch at Amboyna, in 1623. gest, I desire it may be remembered, that my

+ Born about 1570, entered a conimoner of Broad-gate's case is common with many of his subjects, who Hail

, now Pembroke College, Oxford, in 1585, whence he rebreathe in the air of their country, and that my served for the borough of Barnstable in Devon; and in the

moved to the Middle Temple. In the Parliament of 1601, he case is not common with many, since I have first Parliament of King James I. he served for Cirencester in lived so long abroad with disgrace at home; and Gloucestershire. He was chosen recorder of London in Sepyet have ever been free, not only from suspicion temer, 1618; but died in the last day of the following month. of practice, but from the least dependence upon genius of that age.

He was much esteemed by the men of learuing and



anto me, seeing thereby I made the gain of the so full instruction from his majesty, that there is overture and assurance of your honour's affection. nothing left for me to add in the business. And These comforts have given new life and strength to so I rest my hopes, which before began to faint. I know

Your faithful servant, what your honour promiseth you will undertake,

GEORGE VILLIERS. and what you undertake, you seldom fail to com- Royston, the 13th of October, 1616. pass; for such proof of your prudence and industry

Endorsed, your honour hath of late times given to the swaying To the Right Honourable Sir Francis Bacon, world. There is, to my understanding, no great knight, one of his majesty's privy council, and intricacy in my affair, in which I plainly descry the his attorney-general. course to the shore I would land at; to which neither I nor any other can attain without the direction of our great master pilot, who will not stir much without the beloved mate sound the way. Both


ATTORNEY-GENERAL. these, none can so well set awork as yourself, who have not only their ear, but their affection, My LORD,-I am bold to present unto your and that with good right, as I hope in time, to hands, by this bearer, whom the law calls up, good and public porpose. It is fit likewise that some salt of wormwood, being uncertain whether your honour know all my advantages. The pre- the regard of your health makes you still continue sent incumbent is tied to me by firm promise, the use of that medicine. I could wish it otherwhich gives an impediment to the competitors, wise ; for I am persuaded that all diuretics, which whereof one already, according to the heaviness carry with them that punctuous nature and caustic of his name and nature, petit deorsum. And quality by calcination, are hurtful to the kidneys, though I be a bad courtier, yet I know the style if not enemies to the other principal parts of the of gratitude, and shall learn as I am instructed; body. Wherein, if it shall please you, for your whatsoever your honour shall undertake for me, better satisfaction, to call the advice of your I will make good; therefore I humbly and earn- learned physicians, and that they shall resolve of estly entreat your best endeavour, to assure to any medicine for your health, wherein my poor yourself and your master a servant, who both can labour may avail you, you know where your faithand will, though as yet mistaken, advance his ful apothecary dwells, who will be ready at your honour and service with advantage. Your love commandment; as I am bound both by your and wisdom is my last address; and on the real favours to myself, as also by those to my nephew, nobleness of your nature (whereof there is so whom you have brought out of darkness into light, good proof) stands my last hope. If I now find and, by what I hear, have already made him, by a stop, I will resolve it is fatum Carthaginis, and your bounty, a subject of emulation to his elder sit down in perpetual peace. In this business I brother. We are all partakers of this your kinddesire all convenient silence; for though I can ness towards him; and, for myself, I shall be ever endure to be refused, yet it would trouble me to ready to deserve it by any service that shall lie in have my name blasted. If your honour return the power of not, and you think it requisite, I will attend at

Your lordship's poor nephew, court. Meantime, with all humble and hearty

Edy. Bacon. wishes for increase of all happiness, I kiss your Redgrave, this 13h of Octob:r, 1616. honour's hands.

Endorsed, Your honour's humbly at command,

R. Martin.

For the Right Honourable Sir Francis Bacon,

knight, his majesty's attorney-general, and one September 27, 1616. Endorsed,

of his most honourable privy counsellors, be these

delivered at London.
To the Right Honourable Sir Francis Bacon,
knight, his majesty's attorney-general, and one of
his majesty's most honourable privy council, my
singular pairon at court.


My continual meditations upon your majesty's TO SIR FRANCIS BACON, ATTORNEY-GENERAL. service and greatness, have, amongst other things, Sir, I have kept your man here thus long, be

• Nephew of Sir Francis Bacon, being eldest son of Sir cause I thought there would have been some

Nicholas Bacon, eldest son of Sir Nicholas Bacon, Lord occasion for me to write after Mr. Solicitor-Gene. Keeper of the Great Seal. Sir Edmund died without issne ral's being with the king. But he hath received April 10, 1619. There are several letters to him from Sir

Henry Wouton, printed among the works of the latter.

+ His majesty had begun his journey towards Scotland, on Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.

the 14th of March, 1616-7.

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produced this paper enclosed,* which I most the adverse party shall attempt to bring it now humbly pray your majesty to excuse, being that back again into your lordship's court, you would which, in my judgment, I think to be good both not retain it there, but let it rest in the place where de vero, and ad populum. Of other things, I have now it is, that, without more vexation unto him written to my Lord of Buckingham. God for- in posting him from one to another, he may have ever preserve and prosper your majesty.

a final hearing and determination thereof. And Your majesty's humble servant,

so I rest
most devoted and most bounden,

Your lordship's ever at command,
Fr. Bacon.

G. BUCKINGHAM. March 23, 1616.

My lord, this is a business wherein 1 spake lo Endorsed,

my lord chancellor, whereupon he dismissed the My lord keeper to his majesty, with some addi- suit. tional instructions for Sir John Digby.

Lincoln, the 4th of April, 1617.





Whereas, the late lord chancellor thought it fit Good Niece,--Amongst your other virtues, I to dismiss out of the chancery a cause touching know there wanteth not in you a mind to hearken Henry Skipwith, to the common law, where he to the advice of your friends. And, therefore, you desireth it should be decided ; these are to entreat will give me leave to move you again more seriyour lordship£ in the gentleman's favour, that if ously than before in the match with Mr. Comp

troller. * The state wherein you now are is to be * Additional instructions to Sir John Digby,-[ambassador to

preferred before marriage, or changed for marriage, the court of Spain :)

Besides your instructions directory to the substance of the not simply the one or the other, but according as, main errand, we would have you in the whole carriage and by God's providence, the offers of marriage are passages of the negotiation, as well with the king himself, as

more or less fit to be embraced. This gentleman the Duke of Lerma, and council there, intermix discourse upon fit occasions, that may express ourselves to the effect is religious, a person of honour, being counsellor following:

of state, a great officer, and in very good favour That you doubt not, but that both kings, for that which with his majesty. He is of years and health fit concerns religion, will proceed sincerely, both being entire and perfect in their own belief and way. But that there are to be comfortable to you, and to free you of burso many noble and excellent effects, which are equally ac. densome cares. ceptable to both religions, and for the good and happiness of and provident man, and of a loving and excellent

He is of good means, and a wise the Christian world, which may arise of this conjunction, as the union of both kings in actions of state, as may make the good nature; and, I find, hath set his affections difference in religion as laid aside, and almost forgotten.

As, first, that it will be a means utterly to extinguish and upon you; so as I foresee you may sooner change extirpate pirates, which are the common enemies of mankind, your mind, which, as you told me, is not yet toand do so much infest Europe at this time.

wards marriage, than find so happy a choice. I Also, that it may be a beginning and seed (for the like ac- hear he is willing to visit you before his going tions heretofore have had less beginnings) of a holy war against the Turk; whereunto it seems the events of time do into France, which, by the king's commandment, invite Christian kings, in respect of the great corruption and is to be within some ten days : and I could wish relaxation of discipline of war in that empire ; and much more in respect of the utter ruin and enervation of the Grand you used him kindly, and with respect. His reSignor's navy and forces by sea ; which openeth a way turn out of France is intended before Michaelmas. (with congregating vast armies by land) to suffocate and God direct you, and be with you. I rest starve Constantinople, and thereby to put those provinces

Your very loving uncle and assured friend, into mutiny and insurrection. Also, that by the same conjunction there will be erected a

Fr. Bacon. tribunal or prætorian power, to decide the controversies which

Dorset House, this 28th of April, 1617. may arise amongst the princes and estates of Christendom, without effusion of Christian blood; for so much as any had causes depending in, or likely to come into the court of estate of Christendom will hardly recede from that which the chancery. And it is not improbable that such recommenda. two kings shall mediate and determine.

tions were considered in that age as less extraordinary and Also, that whereas there doth, as it were, creep upon the irregular than they would appear now. The marquis made ground, a disposition, in some places, to make popular estates the same kind of applications to Lord Bacon's successor, the and leagues to the disadvantage of monarchies, the conjunc. Lord Keeper Williams, in whose life, by Bishop Hacket, part tion of the two kings will be able to stop and impedite the i.p. 107, we are informed, that "there was not a cause of growth of any such evil.

moment, but, as soon as it came to publication, one of the These discourses you shall do well frequently to treat upon, parties brought letters from this mighty peer, and the Lord and therewithal to fill up the spaces of the active part of your Keeper's patron. negotiation; representing that it stands well with the great. * Sir Thomas Edmondes, who had been appointed to that ness and majesty of the two kings to extend their cogitations office, December 21, 1616, and January 19, 1617-8, was made and the influence of their government, not only to their own treasurer of the household. He had been married to Mag. subjects, but to the state of the whole world besides, specially dalen, one of the daughters and coheirs of Sir John Wood, tha Christian portion thereof.

knight, clerk of the signet, which lady died at Paris, De + Harl. M88. vol. 7006.

cember 31, 1614. This is the first of many letters which the Marquis of The proposal for a second marriage between him and the Blickingham wrote to Lord Bacon in favour of persons who lord keeper's niece does not appear in have had success.

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