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not expecting to say many words. But He who is mouth and wisdom, tongue and utterance, was not wanting in favour: words flowed as fast as I could speak them for near an hour, and the people of all sorts appeared solid and attentive: and the meeting closed to general satisfaction. The two following days, I visited a number of families. 18th. I attended their fourth-day meeting.
In the evening I had an opportunity to deliver my sentiments to some Friends in a close way, respecting the extensive trade in foreign goods, on which so large a duty is payable, and much of it applied for the support of warlike measures; advising them to consider, whether with moderate industry and labour, in this plentiful land, all things necesary to support human nature, as to food and raiment, might not be had of our own produce.
Next day, I attended the week-day meeting at Turner's Swamp, which was satisfactory. In the evening I had a solid conference with some Friends concerning the management of the discipline, and the presentation of marriages. I tarried in this part of the country until their Quarterly meeting at Contentney, which I attended. The select meeting was low and exercising to me,—the life of religion and the ministry in those parts seemed to me to be low. But the Quarterly meeting for business was a time of much favour, and I was rewarded for all my exercises amongst Friends near this place. I took my leave of Friends in much love; sweetness and tender feelings towards each other prevailed, and I hope my labours vill not be all lost.
24th. I set forward towards Charleston in South Carolina, and had a favourable journey of four days
to a place called Gum Swamp, where I had a large and satisfactory meeting on first-day. I also visited eight families of Friends here.
The following sentiment of a thoughtful person I met with, is worth remembering, especially in families: “ Those who are wanting, or fall short in religious care, and let fall wholesome discipline, are in danger of going to decay, whether it be in families or in the church."
2nd month 1st. From Gum Swamp, I went to Pedee, accompanied by several Friends, and had a meeting with a few who professed with us, and some others who came in. We then went on and were set over a river, without cost;-lodged at the house of Lewis Thomas; and travelled next day till night, when we obtained entertainment with a family, where there were tokens of hard usage to the slaves. I was affected with their want of clothing, and spoke to the woman on the subject, but to little purpose. A thoughtful young man who rode some miles with us being present, said he thought slaves should at least be fed and clothed well, when they toil all day, and often most part of the night. I understand it is the custom here to allow one pint of broken rice to a working man for twenty-four hours, which they have to cook and prepare at night.
They are called up early to labour, and if not quickly ready, the lash is often inflicted A sense of these severities on our poor fellow-creatures is sorely afilicting to me.
Passing through Camden in South Carolina, we went on to Malachi Murphy's, where we were kindly entertained. He appeared to have an orderly family; and they wanted to know more of the principles and views of our society, and wished to have
some of our books. He had an afflicted daughter who had been confined about ten years, seven of which she had been unable to sit up, by reason of rheumatic pains, whereby some of her limbs were drawn out of place. I felt a near sympathy with her, and had a solid opportunity of sitting by her, to our mutual satisfaction. She expressed that her trials had been great, and seared she had not borne them with patience enough. Next morning we parted with this family very friendly, and I thought myself sufficiently rewarded in being with them. Passing through a level country about fifteen miles, we crossed Pedee river, and I saw fresh occasions of lamentation on account of the injuries and unchristian treatment of the oppressed black people. In addition to my exercise of mind on this subject, I had to take quarters for the night at a slave-holder's house. But the man used us kindly, and refused to take pay for what we had: I therefore gave some of the victuals I had with me to the slaves, and so we parted.
On the 6th, we came to Charleston, and were kindly received by Daniel Latham. Here I felt retired and peaceful in mind, believing I was in my place, and feeling devoted to the service of my dear Lord and master. 8th. Attended their week-day meeting, which was small, but ended to the honour of Truth. In this town, I saw the ruins made by a dreadful fire last summer; kindled, as was supposed, by a mischievous person; whereby about five hundred houses and out buildings were consumed.
I had several favoured instructive opportunities in families, and a meeting with and for the black people and their connexions, which was a season of
Divine favour. I was also at two meetings on firstday, with the few Friends here. My mind was low and poor,
my faith and hope in the Lord were not lessened; for he has never failed me in times of need.
The white people in this town appeared to live in pride and luxury; and notwithstanding they have been visited with dispensations like judgments or chastisements from the hand of the Lord, such as the sword, pestilence and fire, yet, from the appearance of things, I fear the inhabitants grow worse, rather than better. It is supposed that more than half the people are blacks and mulattoes.
13th. I left Charleston and came to a place called Edisto, where a few Friends dwell, remote from others. I had a meeting with them, in their meeting place, which is a few logs put up like a house, with holes cut out for doors and windows, but all open without shutters. I told them I thought the condition of their house, if it continued, would be a dishonour to them and their good cause.
After a solid meeting in a Methodist house, at their request, we travelled towards Augusta in Georgia; which we reached on the 17th, and got entertainment at the widow Fox's, who appeared friendly. But being strangers, and without a guide, we met with some difficulty in finding the place where our friends reside. At length obtained information, and found them about thirty miles from Augusta, up the Savannah river in Columbia county. We had a solid and satisfactory meeting with them, and also visited most of them in their families. Here are diờers valuable members of our society; one of
whom is William Farmer, at whose house we had an evening meeting.
21st. We had the third meeting among them, which was a comfortable season; a number of Friends of Wrightsborough monthly meeting attended, on a request for permission to hold a meeting twice a week at William Farmer's. With these Friends, I went to Wrightsborough, and was at their fourthday meeting, which was closely exercising to me. Next day I was at a week-day meeting at Williams creek about ten miles distant. It was a time of favour, a considerable number attending. I beliere the Lord hath a little remnant in these parts, who testify against slavery, and are favoured to keep themselves clear. Yet it seems to me, that on account of the oppression of those held in bondage, a cloud of darkness hangs over the land.
After this, I spent several days in visiting the families of Friends of Wrightsborough monthly meeting. I was also at their first-day, preparative, and monthly meetings; and was enabled to labour faithfully for the cause of Truth. Many negro masters attended, and some of them shed tears. But the prospect is gloomy concerning the growth of pure religion in this land of slavery. The monthly meeting being as a farewell season, I desired them to gather up the fragments, and let nothing be lost; for I did believe a time was coming that would try their foundations, when the winds and storms would beat vehemently. I then felt my mind eased of the burden that had caused exercise for many days. thought I also perceived that this labour has had a tendency to encourage the sincere-hearted in fresh