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pet to us, while a sacred feast is held to the Lord. « On the first day of the week the disciples met together," in an holy convoca. tion, “ to break bread,” to keep the sacred feast appointed by the Lord; “ and Paul preached,” or sounded the trumpet to them. “ The new moon and the sabbath: which things are a shadow of things to come ; but the body is of Christ.” Col. ii. 16.
The feast of the new-inoon, was appointed at the time of the deliverance from Egypt. The festival of christianity was, in like manner, appointed at the death of Jesus, the æra of our redemption from the spiritual Egypt. “ Blessed is the people that know the joyful sound; (i. e. the sourd of the trumpet;) they shall walk all the day in the light of thy countenance.” Psalm lxxxix. 15.The returning light of heaven made the Jews rejoice, and should not we rejoice in the more brilliant light of life and immortality, shining in the face of Jesus Christ?
-An earnest of the complete fulfilment of the prophet's words: “ Thy light is come: thy sun shall no more go down, neither shall thy moon withdraw her shining.”
By trumpets the Jews were regulated in their matches through the wilderness, and by them thcy were assembled for worship, as well as alarmed for war. How did Joshua attack Jericho? He sent seven priests, bearing seven trumpets, on seven successive days round the city, and on the seventh day they went round seven times, and on the priests blowing a long blast, the people were commanded to shout, when the walls of Jericho fell down flat. In like manner, before the city or church of Rome, is utterly de. stroyed, and every Canaanite taken away, we find seven trurnpets are sounded; and whilst the seventh is sounding, seven vials of wrath appear to be poured out, which are followed by the great cry, Babylon is fallen! and the kingdoms of this world become the kingdom of our Lord. Rev. xi. 15. xviii. 2. &c.
From verse 11, we have an account of the journeyings of the IsTaelites, the standard of the camp of Judah marching first, then Reuben's, afterward Ephraim's, and lastly Dan's. As their position and typical appearance is beautifully illustrated in the preceding pages on the second chapter of this book, we need nar here 'add any further remarks.
This chapter concludes with a very notable circumstance: they departed from the mount of the Lord three days journey, and the ark went before them to search out a resting place for them. On the ark setting forward, Moses said, Rise up, Lord, and let thine enemies be scattered and when it rested, he said, Return, O Lord, unto the ten thousand thousands of Israel. No doubt something very important is intended by this remarkable address, and when we remember that David twice refers to this passage, when he is evidently speaking of the Messiah, we may safely perhaps consider this event as affording a grand prophetic figure of the resurrection of the Son of Man on the third day, by which he obtained the heavenly rest-made captivity captive-conquered the great ene
my of mankind, and his agents, and promised to return again to dwell in the midst of his people for ever. Psal. lxviii. 1. cxxxii. 8. Eph. iv. 8. Heb. iv. 11.
CHAP. XI. Records the murmuring of the Jews, and their lusting for the flesh of Egypt. There is nothing, (said they) but this manna before our eyes. It is humbling to observe the many instances we have of human ingratitude. The Lord of his great goodness, had in a most miraculous manner, brought these people out of slavery, and had sent down bread from heaven for their daily support - yet they grew tired
of it, and wept, saying, who shall give us flesh to eat? Now as Paul (1 Cor. x. 11.) says, these things happened to them for ensamples (types, margin,) and were written for our admonition, we ought to fear ourselves lest we be found like them, losing all relish for that bread of life, the true manna, which came down from heaven for the spiritual support of his people. If the Jews suffered temporal death, or the anger of heaven in dreadful judgments upon them, even while the meat was in their mouths, ought not we to trenible at that eternal death which is threatened to those who turn from this heavenly food, to the lusts of this world? This Egyptian world may afford more variety to gratify our tastes, but let us be cautious, and though the same manna we had yesterday, must be repeated to day, let us remember that it is sufficient for us even to life eternal, notwithstanding its sameness, or insipidity to worldly appetites. If they escaped not who refused him that spake on earth, much more shall we not escape if we turn away from him that speaketh from heaven.
In this world we wander like the Jews in the wilderness, hungry and thirsty, our souls fainting within us, and depending upon God for his daily grace even as they were taught by the manna. Those who looked no farther than their bodies were soon tired of it ; but to those who received it in faitli, it was the bread of God. The Hebrews could no more be saved by bread alone, than Christians can. .-Does not Paul say, they did all eat the same spiritual meat, and drink of that spiritual rock that followed them, and that rock was Christ-Rock was Christ! How can that be? Why, it means that rock spiritually represents Christ, even as our Lord, on taking the bread, and calling it my body, meant, This represents my body.*
The Lord promised Moses that he would give the people flesh to eat, even till it became loathsome to them. Moses observed that the people were 600,000 footmen, and asked if the flocks and herds were to be slain? Or if the fish of the sea was to be gathered toge. ther, to suffice such a multitude for a month? The Lord answered, Is the Lord's hand waxed short ?-After the Most High had shewn his willingness and power to save them out of Egypt--lead them dry through the sea--feed and cloche them, when all other resources failed them, was it reasonable, was it grateful, to doubt hiş
Kk 2 If we see a portrait, or well drawn painting of a friend, we commonly say, this is Mr
bu: be is nct sherc; it merely riprosents such a person,
power to work a fresh miracle for their good? But what lengths will not the unbelief of man go ?-Isaiah also replied to the unbelief of the Jews, The Lord's hand is not shortened ; and that while he not only promised them deliverance from Babylon, and restoration to their own land and worship, but with that intimated a much more marvellous work, even salvation from sin by Jesus Christ. Isai lix. -Were not the miracles our Lord wrought in the days of his flesh, so many proofs and signs to the people that his hand was not shor. tened, but that he could save to the uttermost? Were any petitions from poor wretched sinners, expressed in full confidence of his power to relieve them, ever refused? Gracious were his answersBe it into thee even as thou wilt-To-day shalt thou be with me in paradise.
CHAP. XII. Commences by informing us that Aaron and Miriam were offended with Moses because of his marriage with an Ethio. pian woman, and they presumptuously said, Hath not the Lord spoken also hy us? Some have supposed this event bears a striking analogy to the admission of the Gentiles into the christian church, with the marked opposition to this manifested by the Jews, in their presumptuous claim to the distinguished favour of God. Their rebellion was exposed-Miriam became leprous, and was put out of the camp for seven days, after which she was received again, Moses having interceded for her. The Lord declares that he spoke to the prophets by visions and dreams, but Moses was honoured by seeing the similitude of the Lord, with whom he spoke mouth to mouth. This visible appearance of Jehovah, as an earnest of the Word being made flesh, &c. is so often noticed in the preceding part of this work, that we need not here dwell
CHAP. XIII. Gives us an account of the twelve spies, one leading character from each of the tribes, being sent to search out the land of Canaan. Of these spies, only two brought a good report of it, and it is observable that Caleb was of the tribe of Judah--that tribe which was placed east of the tabernacle-carried the standard and marched first. Oshea, the other faithful spy, was the represen. tative of the tribe of Ephraim, which tribe also carried one of the four standards, and stood to the west. Ephraim was the son of Joseph, born in Egypt, and his name signifies, the fulness of the nations. (See p. 63 & 61.) If what the prophets say of Ephraim, frequently to be understood as spiritually descriptive of the Gentile church, it well becomes us to attend to their admonitions. Hosea observes, “ Ephraim has mixed himself among the people; Ephraim is a cake not turned ; strangers have devoured his strength, and he knoweth it not ;,yea grey hairs are here and there upon him, yet he knoweth not.” vii. 8.
Two spies were afterwards sent by Joshua to Jericho, and they brought out Rahab and her family from that city, before it was utterly destroyed. If these interesting events are signs of any thing future, we do not conceive to what they can have respect, unless to the two witnesses which have long prophesied clothed in sackcloth, and which many suppose denote the Old and New Testaments. Notwithstanding the clamours of the people, they persist in speaking well of Canaan, and in persuading them to trust in the promise of God, that he will drive out the wicked inhabitants, and give them possession.- Are they not also even now daily gathering Rahabs out of spiritual Babylon, and in the faith, love, and hope of the gospel, giving them a taste of the fruit of that promised land-- the grapes of Eshcol?
Sethur, one of the spies—his name in number is 666. The name Caleb signifies hearts, or as a hart. In Josh. xiv. he addresses Joshua in this remarkable manner. “ Forty years old was I when Moses the servant of the Lord sent me to espy out the land ; and I brought him word again as it was in my heart.-And now behold the Lord hath kept me alive, as he said, these forty and five
- while the children of Israel wandered in the wilderness; and now, lo I am this day four-score and five years old: as yet I am as strong this day as I was in the day that Moses sent me: as my strength was then even so is my strength now, both to go out and to come in.”
The name Oshea, denotes save thou, and changed to Jehoshua, or Joshua, (Jesus) a saviour, or he will sare. Those who are possessed of the Bibliothica Sacra, may turn to the article Joshua.
Of all the host of Israel, Joshua and Caleb were the only persons who lived to enjoy Canaan. They fell in the wilderness through unbelief. As to the forty days in which the spies searched the land, see p. 130.
CHAP. XIV. Records the perverseness and rebellion of the congregation of Israel. Let us make a captain, said they, and return into Egypt ;-as if the Lord would again work miracles for their return, or as if they could go back by their own power. A proud independent spirit is a grand source of folly and wickedness. Caleb and Joshua rent their clothes, and said— The land is an exceedingly. exceedingly, (repeated in the Hebrew) good land If the Lord delight in us, then he will bring us into this land, and give it is; a land which floweth with milk and honey ; only rebel not ye against the Lord, neither fear ye the people of the land, &c. Stone them with stone's replied the people! The Lord then interposed, and from the usual glorious appearance which he made at the tabernacle, addressed Moses in these awful words, “ How long will this people provoke me? How long will it be ere they believe me, for all the signs I have shewed among them? I will smite them, &c.” Moses then interceded for them; but in reading his remarkable intercession, it may be asked What was Moses, that he should thus reason and plead with Jeho. vah? To this the only answer we can give is, that he was here act. ing an important part of his office, as the faithful servant in the house, and as the representative of the Son and merciful Intercessor over his own house, -- who said, " Holy Father, keep through thine own name,”-that gracious name upon which Moses pleads for Israel. Is it not the office of the Great Intercessor to say, “ Lec it alone this year also,” &c. and is it not through his intercession that we are spared at this day :-" The Lord is not slack concern. ing his promise, but is long-suffering, and not willing that any should perish,” &c. The petition of Moses was accepted.--I have pardoned according to thy word, said the Lord; yet he threatens to take vengeance on their inventions. Psalm xcix. 8. The rebellious people were not to see the land promised to their fathers, but their carcases were to fall in the wilderness; while their children, whom they said should be a prey, should be brought in to the promised land, after wandering forty years, according to the days employed in searching the land, each day for a year, bearing the wboredom of their parents.—Let us take warning from the fate of Israel, and “ fear lest a promise being left us of entering into the Lord's rest, any of us should seem to come short of it.”
CHAP. XV. Contains laws about meat offerings, &c. in which strangers are included; upon which the reader may turn to the notes on Levit. ii. From verse 22 to 32, particular instructions are given respecting sins of ignorance, a sabject which is pretty fully spoke to on Lev. iv. p. 180.
As to the fringes on the borders of their garments, verse 38. Parkhurst observes, they were conical clusters, growing bigger and bigger from the apex or point, like the flowers of our horsechesnut. Deut. xxii. 12. These flowers were a very proper emblem of the eradiation, or emission of light. What, therefore, could the command to the Jews for wearing them mean, but that they were to consider themselves as clothed with the light of righteous. ness ? (Isaiah lxi. 10. Mal. iv, 2. Rev. iii. 18. xii. 1.) as having put on Christ, the divine light, (Rom. xii. 14. Gal. j. 27.) and and that therefore they should walk as children of light? Eph. v. 8, or as it is expressed in this chap. verse 39, that ye may took
upon it, (the flower.like fringe,) and remember all the commandments of 'fe. hovah, and do them?
“ And behold, a woman who was diseased-came behind Him, and touched the hem of his garment : for she said within herself, If I may but touch his garment, I shall be whole.” Matt. ix. 20.
Chap. XVI. Gives an account of the awful rebellion of Korah and his associates. Korah was near akin to Moses and Aaron, Darhan and Abiram were of the sons of Reuben. Envy seems to have been the grand cause of this edition. All the congregation are holy, and the Lord is among them, (said they) wherefire, tren, lift ye up yourselves above the congregation. The prophet Jeremiah reproves a similar spirit, clap. vii. 4, &c. when he says Irust je not in lying words, saying, The temple of the Lord, the temple of the Lord are these ; and the same spirit instigated the Jews in answering the Lord, We are Alvakum's children, 27 207C 7.co'er in bondage to any niau; as