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ENTERED, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1557, by

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States, for the Southern

District of New York.


Rear of 43 & 46 Centre St.


61 Beekman Street,

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(A complete Analytical Index will be found at the End of this Volume.]



President's Correspondence during late Session of Congress—His Reasons for not pro-
claiming Fast and Thanksgiving Days-Indian Delegations at the Capital-President's
Address to them-Letters to his Daughter-News of Cession of Louisiana by Spain to
France-President's decisive Letter thereon to American Minister in France-He in-
closes it open to Dupont de Nemours-Its Contents intended for French Government-
Morality of President's Attitude-Compared with Miranda Scheme-- Hamilton's Plan in
1802—" The Christian Constitutional Society"_Bayard's Answer to Hamilton–Jef-
ferson's View of Object of Marshall's forthcoming Life of Washington-His Letter to
Priestley-Letters to his Daughter-To King in Respect to colonizing insurgent Blacks
of Virginia-His Explanation of his Gratuities to Callender–Misapprehensions on this
Subject corrected-Account of Career and Fate of Callender– The President at Home

- Table of his Expenses for a Year-Another Letter to Livingston--No Retreat from
former Views_To Gallatin on Constitutionality of Appropriations The State Elec-
tions—To Lincoln on Removals of Federalists from Office-American Right of Deposit
at New Orleans abrogated by Spanish Intendant-The Violation of our Treaty with
Spain-Meeting of Congress--- The President's Message-Comments on it, and on the
State of Public Affairs, by Hamilton, Pinckney, Sedgwick, Morris, and John Adams-
Discussion of Spanish Aggression at New Orleans opened in Congress—Party Skirmish.
ing-Attempts of Federalists to make the Debate public-Randolph's and Griswold's
Resolutions-Action of the House--Monroe nominated Minister Extraordinary-Ross's
Conduct and Resolutions in the Senate-Breckenridge's Amendment-De Witt Clin-
ton's Speech-Federalist Appeal to Example of Washington examined by him and
Wright-Positions of Federalists in 1795 and 1803 in regard to calling on the Presi.
dent for Diplomatic Papers—Their Positions at same periods in regard to Rights of
Treaty-making Power-Their Overaction on the Spanish Question—The ex-Judges'
Petition denied— Topographical Explorations authorized-Resolution for submitting
Amendment of the Constitution in Regard to Manner of electing President and Vice-
President-Ohio admitted into the Union-Importation of colored Persons prohibited


Livingston's Reception in France-His Qualifications as a Minister-Communicates the

Refusal of France to sell her new American Possessions-His Assurances to France in

Respect to her colonizing them—These Assurances wholly at Variance with the Presi-

dent's Views_His Later Dispatches--Receives the President's Letter and Formal In-

structions-The Discrepancy in the latter explained— The Federalists unconsciously

playing into the President's Hands—Effect of their War Proposition in the Session of

1802-3 on Bonaparte-Why he preferred a Sacrifice of Louisiana to War with the Uni-

ted States-Why Monroe was sent to act with Livingston— President to Monroe and to

M. Dupont-Livingston's Dispatches England and France preparing for a Renewal of

War–The Crisis anticipated by Jefferson reached—Talleyrand proposes to sell Lou-

isiana-Marbois intrusted with the Negotiations by Bonaparte-His Official Offer to

sell Louisiana - Answer of the American Minister–Treaty of Sale to the United States

effected-Conditions of the Treaty and Conventions_Great Britain favors the Ar-

rangement-Her Motives—The American Minister's Dispatches Home, The Secretary

of State's Reply-Errors in the Minister's Dispatch corrected-Jefferson's Modesty,

His Exclusive Origination of the Policy which led to the Acquisition never publicly

avowed--Extent and Value of the Acquisition-Illustrative Statistical Comparisons-

Other National Advantages secured besides Territory and Wealth-The Victories of

the Gallic Cæsar and of the Republican President compared-Consequences of Presi-

dent's Delicacy towards Livingston-President's Signals to England--His Letters to Sir

John Sinclair and the Earl of Buchan—Republican Murmurs in 1803 at the President's

Refusal to remove Federalists— His Unalterable Determination expressed to Nichol.

son-Result of the Spring Elections in 1803–Jefferson to Breckenridge on Further

Territorial Acquisitions— The Effect of the Recent one on the Preservation of Union-

Refuses to communicate his Birth-day to be made an Anniversary-Letter to Nicholas

---Regards a Constitutional Amendment necessary to carry out the Stipulations of the

Recent Treaty-Congress convened-Prominent Members—The President's Message

- Treaty ratified by the Senate-Resolution in the House to carry it into Effect-

R. Griswold's Resolution calling for Papers--Determined Opposition to Treaty by

Federalists--Grounds of the Opposition-G. Griswold's Speech-Republicans take

Ground that no Constitutional Amendments are Necessary-Speeches of J. Randolph,

Nicholson, Rodney, etc.--Federalists admit Constitutionality of Purchase, but contend

the Territories must be governed as Colonics_Motives and Effects of their Proposi.

tions - The Final Vote-Question reopened in the Senate on another Bill-Speeches

of White, Pinckney, J. Q. Adams, Dayton, and Tracy- The Republican Speakers

Effect of the Federal Opposition-Political Comparisons--- Ames and Morris on the

State of Affairs-Hamilton Silent--Bankrupt Law Repealed-Barbary Affairs-Death

of Samuel Adams and Pendleton-Impeachment of Judge Pickering-Articles of Im-

peachment ordered against Judge Chase-Adjournment,

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proposes a Remedy-His Feelings towards U. S. Bank in 1803–His Enemies attacking

an Imaginary Personage-Malthus and Say–Reasons for accepting a Renomination-

Views on a Coalition with the Federalists-Family Letters---Death of his Daughter, Mrs.

Eppes-Account of, by a Member of the Family-Condolences of Governor Page and

Judge Tyler-Letter of Condolence from Mrs. John Adams and Reply--Their further Cor-

respondence and the Sequel—The Conduct of both considered-A new Rule of Oficial

Removals avowed-President's Views of Louisiana Bonndary, etc.--Official Appoint-

ments for Orleans Territory-A Letter to Mazzei-Provision for Lafayette-To Maili.

son-Desires Republican Officeholders not to interfere in Elections_Death of General

Hamilton-His last Public Letter–His Political Standing at the time of his Death-

Result of the Presidential Election-Federal Calumnies--An Example-The Poet

Moore's Statement that the President treated the British Minister with Incivility—The

Circumstances Official Correspondence on the Subject--The Sequel-- Thomas Moore's

individual Grievance-His Course and Views in this Country-His Presentation to the

President-His Lampoons on the President-Anecdote Jefferson and the Irish Melo-

dies_J. Q. Adams's better kept Grudge--Second Session of Eighth Congress-Presi.

dent's Message-Changes in the Senate-Impeachment of Judge Chase- The Resu!t-

Reasons for his Acquittal-Constitutional Amendments proposed-Congressional Pro-

ceedings-Gun-boats-Classes interested in opposing them--President's Policy in not

seeking to build up a great Navy-Disasters of War of 1812 imputed to this Cause--

Strength of English Navy in 1803–Strength of American Navy on Jefferson's Acces-

sion-Result of a great-navy Policy-Population and moneyed Wealth compared— The

Absurdity of then attempting to rival England as a Naval Power-The Results of the

Opposite Course—Growing a better way of acquiring Strength than Arming--- The Peare

Policy-Jefferson's exclusive Responsibility for it—Gun-boat Bill passed-Law against

Violators of Neutrality-Enactments against American Contraband Trade in West In-

dies—Territoral Bills--President's Correspondence-Early Prejudices against the

class of Artisans recanted--Letter to Taylor arowing his Determination to retire at

close of Second Term-Inauguration-Inangural Speech-Cabinet Chauges-Local Re-

publican Schisms_President's Letter to Logan on Consequences of these Schisms

Character of Family Correspondence henceforth-Letter to J.W. Eppes. • 90

The Tripolitan War-President strengthens Mediterranean Fleet-Tripoli bombarded-

Catastrophe of the Ketch Intrepid-Preble returns Home and is succeeded by Barron

-Preble's Opinion of Gunboats-Force left in Mediterranean-Eaton's romantic Expe.

dition-Advances across the Lybian Desert and captures Derne-Barron refuscs Rein-

forcements to attack Tripoli-Propriety of his Refusal considered-Barron succeeded

by Rogers-Lear's Treaty with Tripoli–Criticisms on that Treaty- The Charge that

Hamet Caramalli was dishonorably abandoned-Eaton's Testimony-Barron's Instruc.

tions-Hamet's own Testimony--Unfriendly Relations with Spain-Napoleon counte-

nances Spain—The President's Manner of meeting the Insolence of French Minister-

Considers a conditional Alliance with England necessary, The Battle of Trafalgar-

It makes Napoleon our Friend and England our Enemy-Meeting of Ninth Congress

-New Members-President's Message-Confidential Message on Spanish Affairs

Report of Committee-Two Millions appropriated to purchase Floridas-John Ran-

dolph's defection-His Character and Career-Jefferson's Estimation of him-Special

Message on English Aggressions-Various Propositions and Debate thereon in the

House-Votes on Gregg's and Sloane's Resolutions, The Administration Plan-Inter-

course prohibited with St. Domingo-Appropriations Cumberland Road Bill passed

- Its History--Coast Survey originated_Mediterranean Fund— Bills which failed-A

Political Ordeal passed by the Administration-Quarrel between Jolin and Thomas

Mann Randolph-Garland's Statements corrected_Miranda's Expedition sails from

New York-Smith and Ogden prosecuted for Breach of Neutrality Laws—Their impu-

dent Memorial to Congress--Quincy's Charge and Retraction-Votes of the House on

the Memorial - The Finale of Miranda's Expedition-President's Correspondence with

the Emperor Alexander--An International Policy inaugurated-Letter to Monroe on

Death of Pitt_Outrage of the Leander-Hopes raised by the Accession of Fox to

British Ministry-Domestic Political Triumphis-Randolph's Newspaper Attack on

Administration-Burwell's Reply-Projects of Burr in 1805–His first Western Journey

-At Blennerhasset's Island, Nashville, New Orleans, etc.-Return-Attempts to

engage Eaton, Truxton, etc., in his Schemes-His Disclosures to Eaton-His Plans,

how fostered-His second Trip West-His Bastrop or Washita Purchase_His and

Blennerhasset's Preparations-Newspapers urging a Separation of the Atlantic and

Western States-Wilkinson's and Burr's Correspondence-Burr sends Swartwout to

Wilkinson--Burr's and Dayton's Letters in Cipher-Wilkinson's Proceedings thereon

-Declares New Orleans under Martial Law-Sends Bollman and Swartwout Prisoners

to Washington—The President's earliest Intimations of the Conspiracy-His pro-

ceedings thereon-Daviess's Measures against Burr in Kentucky-How thwarted-

Henry Clay's Agency in the Affair -Further History of the Conspiracy-Broken up-

Burr's flight-Arrested and sent to Richmond for Trial— President's Correspondence

during the Affair,


Second Session of Ninth Congress-President's Message-Special Message on English

Affairs-Congress ask Information in regard to Burr's Conspiracy–Senate pass a Bill

to suspend the writ of habeas corpus-The House summarily reject the Bill- Eppes's

Speech-Causes of reaction in public feeling-Bollman and Swartwont brought

Prisoners to Washington-President's further Information to Congress-Bollman and

Swartwout discharged from custody-Broom's Resolution to further secure privilege of

the writ of habeas corpus rejected-Bill to suppress African slave trade-Naval defences

- The different plans urged-Adjournment-Correspondence- New English Treaty- Its

inconsistency with Instructions—The President to Monroe on the subject– He rejects

the Treaty without consulting the Senate-Letters to his Cabinet—Spring Elections

in 1807–-Burr brought to Richmond- The Legal Proceedings before Judge Marshall-

Burr held to Bail for a Misdemeanor-His Reception by the Federalists of Richmond-

Mr. Wickham's Dinner-Party-Chief Justice and Burr meet as Guests there—Professor

Tucker's Explanation of the Circumstance--Burr's Trial—Motion for a Subpana duces

tecum to the President-Offer of United States Attorney to voluntarily furnish all

necessary evidence-Martin's Attacks on the President-Wirt's Reply-Chief Justice's

Remarks-Attacks on the President continued-President's Indignation-Martin's

Motives and Character-A Blunder avoided–The Subpana duces tecum issued--Presi-

dent's Offer in the interim to furnish all needful Testimony-His Answer on receiving

the Subpoena, etc.--A practical CommentaryManner of treating Government Wit-

nesses-Indictment for Treason and Misdemeanor found-Burr confined in his Counsel's

house-Arraigned–His Description of his " Apartments" etc., in the Penitentiary-

Trial opened-President's Letters to United States Attorney-Motion to stop the

Introduction of Evidence in the Trial for Treason granted-Verdict of the Jury-Trial

for Misdemeanor-The Proof relied on by the Prosecution ruled out-The Sequel-Burr

held to Bail for a Misdemeanor in Ohio-President's Correspondence with District

Attorney-Accused of undue eagerness for Prisoner's Conviction-Accused of Impro-

per Interference–These Charges examined-Burr's Flight-His Miseries in Foreign

Lands_Unable to get Home-Finally reaches Home in 1812–His obscurity and Dis-

grace-Death of his Family-Dreads Imprisonment for Debt-Subsequent Course and

Closing Scene, .

. 199

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