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A

GAZETTEER

OF THE

STATE OF GEORGIA:

EMBRACING A PARTICULAR DESCRIPTION OF THE COUNTIES, TOWNS, VILLAGES,

RIVERS, &C., AND WHATSOEVER IS USUAL IN GEOGRAPHIES, AND

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Gratis

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1837,

BY ADIEL SHERWOOD,
In the Clerk's Office of the District of Columbia.

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ADVERTISEMENT.

A table of population, with the towns and villages, will be found at page 103. The old census has not, in all cases, been stricken out.

Neither have the old boundaries all been erased the map is the best source to ascertain boundaries.

Sometimes two accounts of the same matters differ, because they were obtained of two different persons : one informant may say Forsyth is 24 miles from Macon, another that Macon is 25 from Forsyth.

As much of the last edition, as possible, was used by the printer, because it was plainer than the manuscript, and less trouble to decipher : some errors may have occurred in

this way.

The table of counties and academies has been somewhat altered, and connected with the history and progress of education.

It was thought best to leave the state and condition of most places as they were in 1829, so that the reader may perceive the increase or diminution which has since taken place. If he find stateinents which he knows can not be true now, let him refer the matter to 1829, when they were true. Corrections generally succeed the accounts as they stood in 1829.

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Ala. Alabama,

mt. Mountain. Creek or branch. N. C. North Carolina. cap. Capital or place of No. Number. public business.

Post Town. C. H. Court House.

Post Village.
Co. County.

River.
Is.
Island.

S. C. South Carolina.
Miles.

Ten. Tennessec.

p. t. p. v.

r.

m.

EXPLANATIONS.

1. When the number of dwelling houses is expressed, those occupied by the white inhabitants only are intended.

2. The Longitude is reckoned from Washington city.

3. The distances from Milledgeville, the metropolis of the State, are taken on the most public roads: thus Greenesborough, 40 N. M., denotes that it is 40 miles north of Milledgeville.

4. Where a place is due N. S. E. or W. of Milledgeville, or of any orher place, the distance from which is mentioned, it is so expressed; but when it lies near to one of the cardinal points, it is thought to be sufficiently accurate to say N. S. E. or W., as the case may be.

CORRECTIONS.

Page 97 for corn, read conk.

102 for Anthony, read Andrews.
209 5th line from bottom, for cast, read last.
245 for stop, read stage.
246 for extend, read extended.
272 for John, read Joel.

The printer overlooked the two lists of Newspapers, and connected them together on the page; but the reader will see when the new list for 1837 begins : “Savannah Georgian, W. H. Bullock, daily."

PREFACE.

The difficulties in preparing a minute statistical work, cannot be apprehended by those who have not attempted to write one. When he began, in 1826, to collect mate rials for the first edition of a Gazetteer of Georgia, the Author had no guide to direct him. A few towns and rivers had a partial description, and that was all : no one acquainted with the State had ventured to write any thing on the subject.

The people are willing to purchase such a work, and glad to avail themselves of the knowledge it conveys to them and their children; but they are very slow in affording assistance to prepare it. Some fifteen years ago, the Legislature requested the Inferior Courts to gather materials for the statistics and history of the State: but nothing was accomplished. In the summer of 1836, the author issued a circular, asking assistance towards this edition : all he received was a map of one county, and a description of one inconsiderable village! Hence he was compelled, after having travelled more than 50,000 miles, to carry on a written correspondence with persons in all parts of the State. To such as answered his inquiries, he here tenders his acknowledgments. If some places should be omitted, or suffer harm from an erroneous description, the apology is, that the author tried to obtain information in regard to every place; but he could not be expected to measure every river in its various meanderings, count every head, and examine the soil on every plantation.

It was conceived that the three grand divisions, mentioned at page seventy-six, touching the surface and soil, was quite minute enough for every ordinary purpose. The first, or southern division, is generally level, and the soil sandy ;

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