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MODERN JERUSALEM. By Dr KITTO.- A MANUAL of the BAPTIST DENOMINATION, Puilosophy of the Plan of SALYATION. for the Year 1847. By the Committee of

OUR DOMESTIC FOWLS.CowPER'S the Baptist Union of Great Britain and Truth, and other POEMS.--LIFE of Mo- Ireland: with An Account of the Thirty. HAMMED. (Monthly Series.)

fifth Annual Session of that Body. Pp. 72. London: Religious Tract Society.

London : Houlston and Stoneman. Tuis “ Monthly Series,” has amply re

A PUBLICATION indispensable to the relideemed the pledge given concerning it at

gious statistics of Britain. Along with the its commencement. Scriptural in their constitution of the Baptist Union, it conprinciples, popular in their style, and for the

tains a list of evangelical Baptist churches most part original in their composition, the in the united kingdom ; a general view of ' volumes we have seen not only bring within

the denomination during 1846; with various easy reach of the humblest classes much tables, condensing a vast amount of inforvaluable information, formerly unattainable

mation. The memorials of Baptist minisby the multitude; but not a few of them

ters deceased during the previous year, is will be read and consulted as works of au

a peculiarly interesting feature of the work.. thority in their several departments, by

The present number of Baptist churches in students having access otherwise to well

the united kingdom is estimated at 1881. furnished libraries. A cheap portable book

The number of churches associated in the on the Life of Mohammed was really need- union, 759 ; of members, 85,148, giving an ed, and the volume last mentioned has sup

average of 112 to each church. Sunday plied the want in a very satisfactory way. school teachers, 11,263; scholars, 93,435.

The expenditure on missions for the past The TYPOLOGY OF SCRIPTURE ; or the Doc- year, including the various schemes, is

trine of Types investigated in its principles, L.44,154 ; on colleges, L.5,925; on educaand applied to the explanation of the earlier tion of ministers, and assistance to poor revelations of God, considered as prepa. churches, L.2,527 ; on ministers' widows, ratory exhibitions of the leading truths of L.131 ; on superannuated ministers, L.239; the Gospel. By the Rev. PATRICK FAIR- on families of deceased ministers and misBAIRN, Salton. 12mo. Pp. 536. 1847. sionaries, L.215. Some of these items, we Edinburgh: T. and T. Clark.

need not specify which, may be suggestive The preface informs us that the present

of improved plans in our own church. work forms the completion of the plan formerly sketched by the author, and in part The Young Man's Aid to IMPROVEMENT, also executed, on the Typology of Scrip

SUCCESS, AND TRUE HAPPINESS, By ture. It is an application to the Mosaic

MENTOR. dispensation of the principles laid down in the preceding volume. The former work

G. Gallie, Glasgow. was very able, though we thought that This work is only the digest of another: the author was more successful in the

the British editor claiming no other merit elucidation of principles 'than in the ap. than that of condensing and arranging the plication of them, in

instances. materials of his original,—an American. The Mosaic dispensation furnishes a more We have seldom seen so much sound prac. inviting field of labour to the student of tical wisdom comprehended within the same scriptural types than the patriarchal ; and limits. The responsibility attaching to it is here treated with a research and judg- young men ; the knowledge most befitting ment which deserve no slight meed of praise. them, and the best means of acquiring it; The work exhibits a happy medium be- the dangers to which they are exposed; tween a meagre rationalism, and that sys- their peculiar sphere of usefulness; the tem of mystical interpretation which is so christian rules of friendship, health, busipopular among the ignorant, both of clergy ness, politeness, and amusement, specially and laity, under the name of spiritualising. affecting them--are treated with great sagaWe have here the results of much German city, in a cultivated style, and in an evangescholarship, which has been digested by the

lical spirit.

We heartily commend the clear intellect of a Scotchman, and sancti- book, as one fitted to be very highly useful. fied by a sound theology. We can assure our readers, that he is a very learned man who will not make an addition to his know

Missionary Record of the United Presby ledge, by à perusal of this volume. It

terian Church. Vils. I. & II. 1846—7. contains, in addition to other matters Juvenile Missionary Magazine of the United which may be thought more connected Presbyterian Church. 1847. with typology, a long and admirable dis

Edinburgh: W. Oliphant & Sons. quisition on the Decalogue. Its length requires no apology.

Few of our readers, we suppose, need to be

some

told what are the nature and object of the two us, for the purpose of noticing the additional publications above named. We rejoice to know element of their value which, in this form that they are so widely circulated through- · especially, is brought into view,-namely, out our congregations, both of them carrying that they furnish a permanent register of monthly their forcible appeals and stores of those labours which, many years hence, our interesting intelligence;--the first named, to Church will look back upon with more satisthe brethren in general, and the second, faction probably than on any other branch more particularly, to the rising hopes of our of her operations. It is due to the pubChurch. That the vitality and true pros- lishers to mention, that they have contriperity of the United Synod are closely con. buted well to give the publications this pernected with the instrumentality employed in manent use, by providing for each a handthese missionary organs, it needs but small some cloth case, in which it will prove an reflection to perceive. We refer to them in ornament to the Christian library. their collected form as they now lie before

Foreign Religious Entelligence.

SWITZERLAND.

and if successful against that hated frater

nity of the Romish church, evangelical ProIn the Canton of Vand, it will be remem- testantism would have been next assailed bered, that an ecclesiastical movement of with the same exterminating fury. And a very interesting kind has been for some accordingly, no sooner is the popish contime in progress. The Swiss Cantons are federacy, which had united for self defence, small independent republics, united to- worsted, and the troops of the atheistical gether by a compact for the welfare and party turning homewards, than the rulers safety of all. By one of the petty revo- of the Canton of Vaud, flushed with the lutions which have been, of late, of so fre- success of their cause, seek an opportunity quent occurrence there, the civil power, in of assailing the hated dissenters within their the Canton of Vaud, came into the hands own community, with the severest enforceof an infidel, or rather atheistical, party ; ment of their crushing powers. And how which, proceeding immediately to dictate to strange the pretext found for this wanton the ministers of their national churchi, drove aggression ! ' A pastor of the establishment a large number of them from that church, holds a meeting for worship on a Sabbath to seek for themselves liberty and indepen- evening in the room of a hotel ; which, on dence in a state of secession. The exceu- dispersing, receive some annoyance from a tive council, desirous to crush the seeession, crowd collected on the outside for sport; and and intent upon the suppression of all evan- a member of the Grand Council, in remongelical religion, obtained power from the strating with their assailants, received a Legislative Assembly of the State, to take violent blow on the head, which confined all measures for regulating or preventing him to bed. The Council of State forthmeetings for religions worship not in con- with issues a decree, not against the pernexion with the national church. The ex- secutors, bnt against the persecuted, forercise of the power granted them extended bidding any meeting for worship to be held to the commencement of this present year. out of the national churches. Another Up to a recent date it had been very spar- attack, which occurred about the same time, ingly put in force. Not that they wanted upon a worshipping assembly of dissenters, the will ; but the eye of enlightened Europe was followed, not by any measures against was turned upon them; and especially the the disturbers of the public peace, but by a Government of Britain lent the influence of prohibition of the peaceable citizens from its best counsels in restraining it. The late holding any more religious meetings. This civil war in which these Cantons have been infamous decree of the Council of State is embroiled, has, however, provoked an en- dated November 24th last; and grounding, forcement of the intolerant powers with in its preamble, on the troubles and disorwhich the executive had been invested, just ders which had arisen out of religious meetwhen these powers were about to expire. ings, not authorized by law, the further This civil war was no contest of Protes- dangers to be apprehended from them, and tantism, or eren of generous liberty, with the complaints made against them, prohiJesuitism ; but while professedly seeking bits all religious meetings beyond the pale for its object the expulsion of the Jesuits, of the national church, until further orders ; it was a war of atheism against religion; denounces punishment against all who may

SOUTH AFRICA.

em

resist; gives orders that all of the seceding in suffering together, their love is mutually ministers who may have left their respec- increased. Family worship also, which was tive parishes be sent back to them; and if not sufficiently appreciated, has become any foreigners have officiated at such meet- more lively. And secondly, their expulsion ings, that they be expelled the Canton. from their own spheres of labour, has led The promulgation of this decree gave to the to a movement to have them employed ignorant and profligate populace all the as missionaries elsewhere, and especially in liberty of mischief which they could desire. France, where there is so much demand Bands would go out on the Sabbath in quest for such evangelical labourers. May the of religious meetings, to disperse them, no God of the church comfort them; and one preventing them; and this would be arise, and plead the cause that is his own ! followed up by an attack on the house of the minister who had officiated. One minister of the Free Church, who had The intelligence which has for some warning of an attack being meditated on his time been received by the London Mishouse on the Monday, received for answer sionary Society from their stations in from the civil and military authorities to this district of their labours, has been whom he applied for protection, that they very chequered; some parts of it as enhad no means of preventing the violence couraging as others have been very trythreatened ; so that he had to look higher ing. Their Kat River Mission was for safety. He and his family sat up till

braced within the scene of the recent after midnight, occupied in prayer and read- Colonial wars. This Mission, under the ing the Word of God; and, excepting a care of the venerable Mr Read, and his stone thrown against the door, passed the son, was very flourishing, having about remainder of the night in quiet. Another 800 church members, and 750 scholars; of these ministers was warned that the so!- while many who had learned among them diers had sworn, that on their return from the way of salvation, had dispersed themthe war, they would not lay down their arms selves among the surrounding tribes, to until they had cleared the country of all the prove a blessing to them. Their chapel, at seceding pastors. This information was Philipton, the principal station of the disconveyed to him from a public meeting of trict, was the birth-place of many; and his former parishioners ; who, in the letter they were cherishing the hope, that although in which they communicate it, request him, some of their houses had been burnt down for the sake of the public tranquillity, so amid the casualties of the warfare, the chaendangered by his “illegal assemblies,” to pel would be spared; but in vain. One dark quit their parish with the least possible de- and dreary night it was fired, as was suplay. And, as he declined compliance with posed, by some wandering Caffres, in rethis unfeeling request, a committee which venge for the loss of some of their comthey had appointed at their public meeting panions, who had been shot in the neighfor carrying out their object, addressed to bourhood a few days before ; and that him another letter, requesting him to leave building, for a brief hour, lighted up by the the parish within eight days. This rendered blaze of its burning the gloom of the surall further resistance hopeless ; he quitted rounding valley ; from which, had it stood, the town with his wife and seven children. a light would have gone forth for many Another of these ministers, persecuted and years, to illuminate the souls of those hunted from place to place, has been who exulted in seeing it reduced to ashes. compelled to leave Switzerland. Even Its destruction was felt as a crowning cathe evangelical ministers of the national lamity. All other losses were as nothing, church are not safe from the assaults of compared with the loss of the house of God. this infidel excitement; they incur gene

Mr Read and his son have lost all their ral hatred; they are violently insulted ; property; and their people also have sufone has been threatened with death for fered severely in the loss of their cattle, having alluded repeatedly in his sermons, both by plunder, and by want of pasture; to the evils of war; and the wife of another while they have themselves been reduced has been shamefully ill-treated by a set of to live in miserable and crowded huts, by ruffians.

which sickness has been induced, and a All things shall work together for good. considerable mortality has followed. Yet Already two beneficial results are noticed their pastors were permitted to remain in the communications of these persecuted amongst them; and maintained, without pastors, as following from their distresses. interruption, religious ordinances. Restricted, from prudential motives, and at From another district of South Africa, the the request of members of their flocks, to recent intelligence of the society has been the observance of family worship from house most cheering. Their Griqna Mission emto house, closer intimacy has been formed braces the principal station—Griqua town, between the pastors and their people ; and, about 530 N. E. Cape town, with two out

stations. In the latter, a very interesting re- the country respecting the true God, ligious movement has been for some time wished this man to remain with them till going on; which has resulted in the baptism they could get a teacher; and he remained, of sixty-nine converts. Many of those bap- and sung his hymns with them; and then tized were the wives or husbands of be tried to explain them, and then tried to lievers; who now received an answer to pray to God. “ But, oh! it is poor their prayers, in seeing their partners com and hard work to teach," he said, “ when ing forward to unite themselves with the you know nothing yourself." And so church of the Lord. This greatly increased he and a party of them resolved to prothe joy. On the day of the solemn bap ceed from their residence on the Zak tismal service, one worthy member, whose River, to Griqua town, a distance of 250 wife was among those received, endeavoured miles, to see if they could not get some one in vain to repress his feelings, and had to to teach them. Latterly, they made up leave the chapel to give them vent. One their minds to seek permission to reside in of the baptized was a young woman, the the Griqua district, where the word of God wife of the chief's son. She had been is taught. So precious is the light to those brought up in the darkest heathenism : and who sit in darkness, and so great the good having heard the gospel once or twice after which may be brought about by the humher marriage, and being impressed with it, blest instruments ! she resolved to keep herself free from its influence, by shunning every place where

CHINA, the word of God was spoken. Watching The more recent intelligence from the misthe times when the people were summoned, sionaries who are endeavouring to effect with the sound of the horn, to worship, an entrance for the gospel into this vast she would hasten to the field, to get beyond empire, contains many details sufficiently enthe reach of the dreaded sound; which

couraging. In the city of Shanghæ, a place reminded her of something she had heard

of worship has been erected in connexion about the trump of God calling men to

with the London Missionary Society; in

which they commenced with one service on judgment; and agitated her with a trem

the Sabbath, and obtained so full an attendbling alarm of divine wrath. But all was

ance, that they were induced to try two, in vain. She could not always guess when

wbich they did with almost equal success, the horn was to blow; and sometimes its and then began week-evening preaching. sound would reach her ears, and revived all At each of these services the attendance averher terrors. After some months of con ages 300, and sometimes amounts to 500. flict, her alarm increased to such a degree, They have also service at the Chinese hos. that she could obtain no rest; and after

pital every Sabbath evening, and, for the one night of intense agony, she resolved to

benefit of the patients, every alternate noon strive no longer, but to seek peace from the

in the week ; wbere the attendance averages

200, sometimes amounting to 400. Of their same gospel which had awakened all this

audiences about a fourth are stated hearers; trouble in her soul. She sought it, and

while the majority are strangers, some of found it; and thus withstood all the ex

them from distant parts of the country, impostulations and tears of a heathen mother,

pelled by curiosity to come and hear the who performed on foot a journey of about foreign preachers. By these opportunities eighty miles, to persuade her daughter to more than 1000 persons are every week return to heathenism.

brought under the sound of the gospel. A pleasing incident is narrated in the The itinerancies of the missionaries in the same communication. An old Griqua, not surrounding country are maintained with a member of their church, who had left

increased perseverance : and greater friendthem some years ago, on a visit to the

liness and familiarity are shown them, and Colony, was accustomed, while there, to

their tracts are more sought after. They

preach in front of the heathen temples, adsing with his family a hymn, every evening

dressing hundreds of bystanders. They have before going to sleep. The Caffres among

also engaged a native as a tract-distributor; whom he was sojourning, came round them who carries these silent messengers of mercy to see and hear what they were doing; to places and persons from which the misand, questioning him about the meaning of sionaries are precluded. In Amoy, the labours the hymns, he endeavoured, as well as he and encouragements of the missionaries are could, to tell them some few things he re similar: some of their hearers showing so membered having heard at Griqua town.

much interest as to appear “almost ChrisHe could not read, but had some general

tians," while the vast majority show unconknowledge of Scripture doctrine; and could

cern. The recent outbreaks at Canton have

caused much uneasiness to the missionaries, repeat one or two Dutch hymns, which

lest they should be the precursors of renewed were full of evangelical truth. These

war: and they solicit the prayers of the church Caffres, who had previously got some in to have this averted. A native doctor has formation about the instructions which been very evidently brought to receive the Missionaries were giving in other parts of truth, and has been baptized. He is employ

ed in the capacity of an evangelist and tract- met for fighting. There was not any known distributor ; his support for one year being opposition to the teachers and their work. defrayed by a member of Greyfriars' congre- Five new teachers were left in the island, gation, Glasgow.

being all that could be spared of those on

board the ship. And they departed from the PACIFIC.

island under the conviction that the prosOn Sandwich Island, one of the New Heb- pects were very cheering; and that, if on rides group, four native teachers were some visiting the island again in at least a twelveshort time ago located by the missionaries month, things should continue as favourable, of the London Missionary Soeiety, by way of the land might be occupied by missionaries experiment, whether or not missionary labour on the return of the vessel from England. could yet be attempted with safety among

In the Sanduich Islands of the north Pacific, the very rude savages occupying it. Their the American missionaries have laboured with missionary ship, in its last voyage to the wonderful success for about twenty-five years. islands of Western Polynesia, visited them, Their last annual general letter reports the when the result was found to have equalled present number of members of their churches the most sanguine expectations. The teachers to be about 23,000 ; of whom 1769 were rewere found in health ; and the gratifying in- ceived during the last missionary year. Since telligence was received from them, that they the commencement of the mission, the whole had been treated with uniform kindness; that number of persons who have been received at each of the stations the chief and his family into the churches on the islands, is 33,196; had from the first joined themselves to the of whom 5483 have died ; and about the same missionaries for instruction and the worship number have been excommunicated. The of God; and their example had been since letter states that on a review of the whole followed by almost the whole population. field, the missionaries find much over which New stations had been occupied, and an both to rejoice and to mourn. attempt made to establish schools, though gress, moral and religious, has been made; and it was only on the Sabbaths that a large at- on the general civilization of the people, they tendance on these could be got. Many in can speak in the language of decided encourtheir neigbbourhood attend pretty strictly to agement. Learning, law, commerce, and the the observance of the Sabbath; while others arts, are making evident progress. The mass appear to hold sacred only the hours of wor- of the people, however, are yet poor and deship. Some have thrown away or burnt their graded, though instances of great advanceidols of wood and stone, and profess to have ment are to be found among the lower classes. discontinued the horrid practice of burying A private letter from the islands states, that alive young children and old people. On there is quite a revival at one of the stations, one or two occasions, the teachers were suc- where there is a seminary for boys; and that cessful in dissuading them from the eating of thirty-seven persons, not belonging to the inhuman flesh; and on another occasion, in stitution, were proposed for admission to the separating two contending parties who had church.

Great pro

PRESBYTERIAL NOTICES.

Intelligence.—United Presbyterian Church.

of the petition, and Mr Dickie was appointAberdeen.—This presbytery met in St ed to moderate there on Thursday the 27th Nicholas' Lane, Aberdeen, on Wednesday inst. The presbytery fixed its next meetthe 10th Jan. A committee, consisting of ing for Monday after the second Sabbath Messrs Angus, Ritchie, and Dickie, having in February ensuing, and instructed the been appointed at the previous meeting to clerk to intimate to absent members, that take some friendly superintendence of the it was resolved to take up at that meeting students connected with the church, who the Synod's remit on the subject of a repreare at present attending the Aberdeen sentative court, on which subject it was Universities, reported. They had met with also expected by that time all the sessions eighteen students. They knew ofanother who belonging to the presbytery would be premust have been absent from mistake. The pared to express their opinion. interview had been most satisfactory, and Arbroath.This presbytery, at its meetthe committee trusted would be productive ing on the 7th of December, had to record of good, Another meeting of the same the death of the Rev. George Jerment Macparties had been appointed for Friday the kenzie; and, on the 24th of the same month, 21st inst. The presbytery expressed its sa- was again assembled at the funeral of antisfaction with the committee's report. A other of its ministers, the Rev. Robert Forpetition from the congregation of Midmar bes; both of them young, and giving prowas laid before the court, requesting them misé of eminent usefulness in their respecto appoint one of their members to moder- tive spheres of labour, had it pleased the ate in a call from that congregation. The Head of the church to spare them. For the presbytery unanimously granted the prayer sessions of Carnoustie and Letham, made

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