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Notices of Rew Publications.
A HARMONY of the Four Gospels in the doubting gave occasion to the clearest deauthorized Version. Following the Har
monstration of the resurrection he denied. mony of the Gospels in Greek, by ED- It has been thus with the lynx-eyed examiWARD ROBINSON, D.D., L.L.D., Author nators who have tested the harmony of the of Biblical Researches in Palestine, &c.
Evangelists. In their effort to detect a With Explanatory Notes and References. discrepancy, they have lighted upon unexPp. 203.
pected resemblances, which were fitted
greatly to establish their convictions of London : Religious Tract Society.
Bible truth. Ir is no doubt for good reasons that the The work before us is, in some respects, “ harmony of the four gospels” is not so an improvement upon the numerous harpalpable as to supersede the necessity of monies which have successively appeared elaborate books to prove it. At first view, within the last sixteen centuries. It is one might be tempted to ask why was not based upon that of Dr Robinson -of New the work of preparing an inspired and York, so well known for his accurate and authoritative gospel history entrusted to a elaborate Researches in Palestine; and it is single writer rather than to four ? If the ob- distinguished by the same pains-taking diliject of writing it had been to form a clear
gence, and the same fresh and vigorous and orderly narrative, containing the largest independence of thought, which marks that amount of facts in a given space, surely this well-known production. In one or two unwould have been best accomplished by one important points, which we regret the Bricontinuous history. Or, if variety were tish editor has not been at the trouble to desirable, that out of the mouth of two or
specify, and which (with the exception of a three witnesses every word might be esta- judicious alteration proposed by Wieseler's blished, why, since all the four evangelists Synopsis
, in regard to the chronology of were moved by the same Holy Spirit, do Luke x. 1), we have not had time to not all their separate records fall into each ascertain or examine, a change, it seems, other so naturally and exactly, that a perfect has been adopted in the present edition as correspondence is visible to every reader compared with those issued under Dr at the first glance? It might be answered, Robinson's inspection. The grand landthat different witnesses relating the same marks, however, recognised by this editor, fact will vary in their testimony according are the same with those of his original, as they have seen from different points of which assign to our Lord's ministry a peview ; so that a perfect agreement is not to riod including four passovers, or about three be expected, but would, if it took place, and a half years. The passage on which give rise to the suspicion of collusion rather this interpretation chiefly depends (John than confirm our confidence in their testi- v. 1), is examined with great critical care, mony. What, then, if some apparent dis
and, as seems to us, in a manner very crepancy in regard to minor matters is
satisfactory and conclusive. In dealing felt in comparing the four gospels ? In- with the various, and, at first view, almost stead of shaking, it may establish our faith. irreconcilable narratives which the diffeBut it will gain another, and no less im- rent inspired historians have given of our portant object. It will keep alive atten- Lord's resurrection, the author has shown tion to the word of God; and this sustained great acuteness and ability. His treatment attention is itself a blessing of incalculable of this rather difficult point, which few revalue. It is said that the alchemy of the fiective readers of the gospel history can ancients—the vain attempt to discover a have passed without feeling it to be more process for making gold-led to the really or less perplexing, affords a specimen of precious discoveries of modern chemistry. sifting, arranging, and adjusting evidence, It is certain that the felt difficulty of recon- admirable in itself, and well fitted to exciling some statements of the different ercise and educate the mind of the student evangelists has brought into view points of in such investigation. The expository notes harmony, as well as disclosed new truths, interspersed throughout the volume, illuswhich, but for this difficulty, might never trating some of the more difficult expreshave come to light. God, who maketh the sions and allusions in the sacred narrative, wrath of man to praise him, can also make are brief ; but as they always bear closely on the very unbelief of man instrumental in the point needing explanation, they are confirming the faith of the gospel. It was more valuable than lengthy annotations thus with the apostle Thomas, when his oftentimes prove to be.
DESPOTISM AND FREEDOM CULLATED.
SHORT DISCOURSES TO BE READ IN FAMI- all possessed of merit enough to make them
LIES. By William Jay. In Two Vo- worthy, if to say so be any compliment, of lumes (Jay's Works, Vols. XI. and XII.) appearing in the ordinary expensive style
of publication. The two first mentioned London: C. A. Bartlett.
are reprints of copyright works, formerly The Family Discourses were among the the property of the publisher; and to him earliest of Mr Jay's productions as an au- we offer our thanks for the enterprising thor, and have contributed largely to the spirit he has shown in offering works so valureputation and esteem in which, for the last able at a price so extremely small. The half century, he has been held as an able Scenes from the Bible, consisting of lectures and accomplished minister of the New Tes- on descriptive and picturesque passages in tament. With the exception of the “Morn- the Old and New Testament, are sketched ing and Evening Exercises," which, from with great animation, good taste, and in the our long acquaintance with them, have spirit of practical Christian wisdom. The come to rank among our selectest books of Philosophy of Religion is a book fitted at devotional reading, and which we appre- once to make the Christian think, and to hend are not likely to be eclipsed by any satisfy him that Bible Christianity will bear work of this class, howsoever more meri- close thinking and searching investigation. torious, which may fall into our hands at Dr Cheever's Wanderings form a charming our time of life, we should be inclined to volume; quite different from ordinary books place these Short Discourses first in our of travel. It is riot simply a tourist's guide, recommendation of Mr Jay's works to the descriptive of valleys and mountains in student and the thoughtful Christian. His their gigantic splendour and attractive elegant simplicity and ingenious brevity; beauty. It is rather a brilliant picture of his faithful directness of appeal, and his their varied images as reflected from a mind exhaustless power of felicitous scriptural glowing with intelligence, piety, and the illustrations; his cheerful piety and singu- voice of freedom. Even in the shadow of lar tact in arranging and stating the subject Mont Blanc, it is living, breathing men, and of his address-are seen to great advantage their immortal natures, that occupy his in the brief and condensed sermons here thoughts; as witness the following :collected.
As these volumes complete the uniform 6 Beneath the shadows of Mont Blanc there edition of Mr Jay's works, the author closes dwell, side by side, one of the truest forms of with a kind of valedictory address. Refer- liberty, and one of the most thorough-going ring to the whole twelve volumes, he says,
despotisms in the world, together with the "Such as they are, I now leave them to thc brightest piety and the deepest superstition. publie, and commit them to the blessing of Shadow of Mont Blanc there have been trans
A line divides these kingdoms. Beneath the God. At my age it is not very probable that I shall add to this edition." "He gives us
acted some of the most glorious and most hu
miliating scenes recorded in history. We are room to hope, however, that the world may
now on a spot consecrated to freedom and still hear more of William Jay, from an au- truth. We can take our Bibles to the top of tobiography which he has preserved, and this tower, and we might read front them and which may be available after his departure. teach from them, unmolested, to as many We may not, of course, desire that the thousands as could assemble within the reach posthumous work should appear soon ; yet
of our voices. But in the direction in which from the eminent character of the writer,
you are looking towards Mont Blanc, you see as well as from the times through which he
the smoke ascending from the cottages within has passed, and the sphere in which he has
the boundary line of the kingdom of Sardinia,
Step across that line and enter these cottages, moved, the autobiography of MrJay of Bath will be looked forward to with no common
and your teachings, with the Bible in your
hand, will carry you to prison. There is reinterest.
ligious tyranny, here is religious liberty. The grass is as green there as it is here; the air is
as bright and sweet there as it is here. You SCENES from the BIBLE. By the Rev. J. A can see the kingly crown of Mont Blanc glitWYLIE, A.M., &c.
tering there, as massive and silvery as it does The Philosophy of RELIGION: or, an Illus
here. The difference is not in external nature, tration of the Moral Laws of the Universe.
but in the world of souls." By THOMAS Dick, LL.D., &e.
LECTURES on the Acts of the APOSTLES. WANDERINGS of a Pilgrim in the SHADOW of Mont Blanc and the JUNGFRAU ALP.
By John Dick, D.D., late Minister of By GEORGE B. CHEEVER, D.D.
Greyfriars Church, and Professor of
Theology to the United Secession Church, Glasgow: W. Collins.
&c. Third Edition. THESE volumes are the last three hitherto
Glasgow : Maurice Ogle & Son. issued in Collins' cheap series, and they are Though, since the first edition of this book
was given to the public, many works illus- Rehoboam ; Palestine at the commencetrative of the Acts of the Apostles, some of ment of the Christian era ; Medieval Pathem of no small merit, have appeared, Dr lestine, illustrative of the Crusades ; and, Dick's Lectures have continued to hold the finally, Modern Palestine, under the dominhigh place originally assigned them in the ion of the Turks. The adjacent countries estimation of the thoughful and inquiring referred to in scripture are shown in two scripture reader. For the lucid statement separate charts, in which the same strict of weighty scripture truth, and for search- regard to chronology is manifest as in those ing and forcible argumentation in matters already mentioned. Besides these auxilidisputed among professing christians, they aries to the study of scripture history, we are certainly not yet surpassed. The style is have “Christendom at the rise of Mohamthat of the Scotch lecture, now displaced in medanism,” and “ Christendom during the many quarters by what is deemed a more Crusades,” which will prove valuable guides symmetrical method—that of dividing the to the student in reading the early history passage, however long, into various heads, of the Christian church. The historical as in the ordinary sermon. The specimens table, with the index, concordance, and before us, however, show that there is no accompanying letter-press description, disneed of the sermon form to give the lecture play immense research and ingenuity. both distinctness and symmetry. In every We have been thus minute in describing page there is the close and compact thought this work, because we deem it one of the most of a thoroughly independent reasoner, who valuable contributions which has been furbows only to his convictions of the word of nished for many years back to our appaGod, and is anxious mainly to let that word ratus for the study of sacred scripture. speak to the hearts of his readers. While The well-known enterprise of the publishDr Dick's other writings prove how well ers, which seems quite regardless of elaqualified he was as a theological professor borate toil and consequent expense, when to lead his students into “all mysteries and the illustration of the Bible is concerned, all knowledge” connected with their pur- has never perhaps been engaged more prosuits, this record of his pulpit ministrations fitably for the scripture student than in probears evidence that the people of his con- viding him with this Atlas. gregation also were fed with the finest of the wheat.
Of this new edition it is enough that we say, it is worthy of the book. Many who
Popular Natural HISTORY ; or, the Chahave hitherto read the Lectures on the Acts
racteristics of Animals portrayed in a Series only from a library copy, will be glad to
of Illustrative Anecdotes. By Captain know that this new issue enables them, at
Thomas Brown. (With coloured plates.) a moderate price, to have a copy of their
Edinburgh : A. Fullarton & Co.
As a book of entertainment for a young Bagster’s CHRONOLOGICAL SCRIPTURAL family, we know of none better fitted to make
Atlas: a Complete Series of New Maps; home delightful and instructive than the an Elaborate Chart of General History; book of natural history; and of all modes of with a Geographical Index and Concord. treating that comprehensive and varied ance of all the Scripture Occurrences.
science, we can hardly imagine any so capLondon: S. Bagster & Sons.
tivating as the form of anecdote pursued in The idea of this work is very ingeniously
the volume before us. The author is plainly conceived, and most elaborately executed.
an enthusiast in his favourite pursuit ; and Beginning with the earliest accounts we
his familiarity with the nature and habits of possess of the Holy Land, it exhibits first,
the different animals about which he writes, * Canaan in the Patriarchal times,” noting qualifies him to tell their several stories, both those localities which had acquired distinc in an easy lively manner, and with an action prior to the conquest under Joshua.
curate regard to scientific truth. We should In the second map, it presents the region of have liked this book all the better had it Israel's bondage, and the course of their pil.
been less strictly confined to what the grimage up to their arrival at the promised author may have deemed his own proper land. Then follows,“ Canaan as divided subject. În relating the feats of the raceamong the tribes :" while in succeeding horse, for example, his references to the maps, we have the same ground divided and gambling transactions of the turf might as marked according to the successive forms well, if they were to be introduced at all, of government under which it was held, as have been accompanied with an adequate the Hebrew kingdom under Solomon; the reprobation of the system of betting ; and kingdom of Judah; the kingdom under his description of the bull-fight might have
borne a more ample denunciation of the Dewar is semper paratus for theological dissavage cruelty connected with such scenes. cussion.
The book is adorned with coloured engrav- The work exhibits, with much fulness, ings, which are executed with much skill. and in a plain systematic order, the theoThere is a want of the indices usual in such logy of the subject. The first book is occua work ; but these, we presume, will be
pied with establishing, by the usual scripforthcoming in the subsequent volumes. tyre arguments, the personality and divi
nity of the Holy Spirit, and illustrating his THE HOLY SPIRIT ; His Personality,
office in relation to Christ and to the church Divinity, Office, and Agency, in the Re- at large. A very useful chapter is added, generation and Sanctification of Man.
containing an examination of the history By D. DEWAR, D.D., LL.D., Principal and nature of the Pelagian heresy. The of Marischal College, Aberdeen. 12mo, second book, which is much the largest,
and fills nearly two-thirds of the volume,
treats of the work of the Spirit in regenerLondon : Ward & Co.
ation. The third and concluding book, is No doctrine of Christianity needs more taken up with the work of the Spirit in careful treatment than the one which forms
sanctification, and in the various exercises the subject of this volume. It is our dis- of the Christian life. They who know Dr tinguishing privilege, as living under the
Dewar's former writings will find here what New Testament economy, to enjoy the pro- these will have led them to expect; not mised ministration of the Spirit; and if, in startling novelties, nor subtle and minute our views of the divine adininistration, we distinctions, but sound scriptural divinity, limit the Holy One of Israel, by denying to clearly stated and illustrated, and prac. the Spirit of grace any of that honour which
tical truth earnestly, and sometimes elois due to him, or by failing to seek his aid quently, applied. From the style of some for any of those purposes which his Al.
of the chapters, and specially from the form mighty influence alone can accomplish in of improvement with which they close, we the work of redemption, the error will in- could suppose them to have been originally fallibly affect our own spiritual state, de- written as discourses for the pulpit. From priving us, in proportion as we are wrong, one of these, in which the author is showof the joy and peace of believing. And if, ing the necessity for the Spirit's work, in on the other hand, we ascribe too much to
consequence of the disinclination of the spiritual influence, and, in mistaken depen- heart toward God, we quote the following dence on it, forget the work which is re
passage :quired of ourselves; if we imagine that it operates on us without the concurrence of
-- This disposition is cherished under cirour own will, and without the instrumenta
cumstances particularly aggravating, inaslity of means which human diligence is
much as they are powerfully fitted to render
it otherwise. The God of holiness has reneeded to employ, the misconception will
vealed himself as the God of mercy, rich in prove equally injurious, robbing us of the
mercy, delighting in mercy, abundant in delights of Christian activity, and lulling mercy. He has set before us his own claims us asleep in a spirt of fatalism. But while to our love, the extent of our obligations, the it is not difficult to perceive the danger on awfulness of our prospects, the vastness, the both sides, it requires a cautious mind and constraining, power of his kindness -- every an humble heart to observe the true line of thing by which the heart might be touched separation between them.
and won. He has presented to us his own Son, It would seem as if the controversy on
veiling his glories by the assumption of our this question were subject to periodic exas
nature, dwelling among sinful men, sorrowing perations; and it has been the lot of the
and suffering for the guilty wanderers, weepchurch, within the last few years, to expe
ing over their distresses, praying for their for
giveness, and dying for their salvation ; and rience one of these. We would fain believe
yet their disposition remains hostile to God, that they are becoming less violent; and and reckless of perdition; it is so averse to that each successive discussion, by enabling him, and so strongly and desperately attached the opponents to see more distinctly the to sin, that not all these manifestations of the points of real difference between them, is tenderest compassion, that not all that God has serving to bring them to a calm resting in ever spoken in his word or in his providence, the truth. Mean time, however, it is impor
that not all the patience and forbearance tant that such a favourable occasion as our
which he exercises, that not all his invitaday has offered, for declaring the doctrine
tions, or entreaties, or terrors, that not all the of Scripture on this subject, should not be
glories of redeeming love, displayed by the
death of the Cross, will ever change his heart, lost; and the author of the work before us has seized the opportunity. With a well
so intensely and astonishingly evil.
" Yet the beart of man is accessible to furnished mind, a ready pen, and indefati- considerations of duty, of gratitude, and of gable perseverance in such labour, Dr interest. It is susceptible of the most geneposed to Job. Gavest thou goodly wings unto their wants, and fitted, in conjunction with the peacock, or wings and feathers unto the the other means employed for their benefit, ostrich ? Doth the hawk fly by thy wisdom, to make them useful members of societyand stretch out her wings toward the south ? and the ornaments of the Church. It is Job did not, could not, do any of these things. with much more than silent satisfaction that The proper answer is. God did all these we behold the increasing seed of moral and things. Hear the account which Moses gives religious instruction thus prepared and dis
rous kindness, and the most devoted attach- work of mercy is not unblest, and shall not ment. He whose understanding raises him so be unrewarded. highly in the scale of being, who can reason Mr Smith is the author of several wellso accurately, and form plans for his future known useful practical works; but this is welfare, acts the part of a fool in regard to his
the tirst time, so far as we know, that he has, great and eternal concerns. He who discourses with truth and eloquence of God, his
as an author, lent the aid of his vigorous being, perfections, and moral government, re
mind to the young. He has succeeded in mains all the while in apostasy from him, and producing a most interesting and instructive rebellion against him. He who has so strong little volume. By presenting to children a sense of right and wrong, that he can per
in general, and to Sabbath.school children ceive the reasonableness of giving to all their in particular, this unpretending, but truly due, and powerfully plead for the injured excellent and useful work, he has laid them rights of his fellow men, can wilfully wrong under a deep debt of obligation. The God, his first and best benefactor. He who 6. Token of Remembrance” consists of ten is endued with a self-reflecting power by short addresses or discourses. The subwhich he is capable of viewing himself in re lation to the past, the present, or the future, jects are not indeed novel; but they are does not seriously consider the things which
well selected ; are fitted to interest yonthbelong unto bis peace.”
ful minds, and are written with much fervour and affection of spirit. The address entitled “ The Winged Instructors,"--will,
we think, be a favourite. We give an exA Token of Remembrance designed for Chil
tract from it as a specimen of the work. dren, and especially Sabbath School Chil
The motto or text is, “ Ask now the fowls dren. By the Rev. David Smith, Biggar.
of the air, and they shall tell you,” Job
xii. 7. 24mo, pp. 118.
The following is the first head:-
“Ask the fowls of the air, and they will tell you One of the promising features of the pre- proclaims the being of a God. The smallest pile
that there is a God.”—Every thing that exists sent day is an increasing attention on the
of grass, the least portion of earth, the minutest part of the press to the moral and religious drop of water, declare the eternal power and instruction of the young. Our youthful godhead of Jehovah. But the fowls of the air, population are, as our author justly observes as being creatures of a higher order, do this in his introductory address, -- the objects of in a peculiar, emphatic manner, Who was deep and tender interest, not only to their
it that made the fowls of the air? who enparents, but to their ministers, to their
dowed them with their different instincts, and teachers, and to all the sincere friends of feathers ? Who bestowed the melody on the
clothed them with their garments of glossy the Saviour generally. They are the rising lark and the nightingale, and all the other hopes of the Church ; its future character
songsters of the grove? It was not chancedepends upon theirs.' And therefore all
it was not man. Much, indeed, human ingethe well-wishers of the Church must cor- nuity has contrived, and human power effectdially approve of the numerous and various ed. "What wonders bave the sculptor, the literary efforts which, of late, have been put painter, the mechanic, performed in representforth to direct and form the ininds of chil- ing and imitating the forms, the colours, and dren. This interesting class of readers even the motions of animals. But, however have now Journals, Missionary and Sabbath
skilful in forming the likeness, none of them School Magazines, Commentaries, Sermons,
could ever construct the reality of the least &c., wholly their own, dedicated to their
bird that wings its course through the air.
That was a silencing question which God prouse, adapted to their capacities, suited to
of the fowls of the air. " And God said, persed; and though in many instances it
let the waters bring forth abundantly the * lie buried long in dust,” yet who can pre.
moving creatures that bath life, and the fowl sume to estimate the influence of its secret
that may fly above the carth, in the open fir
mament of heaven. And God made every operation, or venture to predict the aggre
winged fowl after his kind." Every bird, gate advantage of the final result? We
therefore, as being God's workmanship, is a thank these patient, but effective labourers, proof of his existence. who have self-denial enough to bestow We conclude with cordially recommendtalent and toil on a species of literary labour ing this little book to the attention of our which is generally deemed humble; their