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able to his character, these were brought came, as years elapsed, on the family with under the notice of his Presbytery. The which he had become connected by marPresbytery, after investigation, found that riage. Thus was his life chequered by nothing could be proved against Mr S. domestic and relative mercies and affecThe minds of the people, however, had be- tions. In other respects, it flowed on in a come alienated from him. They petitioned pretty uniform course, and the history of the Presbytery to dissolve the relation be- one year, could we give it minutely, would tween them and their minister, and to be almost the history of all his years as send them a supply of preachers, that they they glided away. In his ministerial lamight choose another in his place. This bours, we may say, he was abundant. Bebeing refused, they applied to the Associate sides the ordinary services of the Sabbath, Presbytery of Coldstream, to be taken un- not long after his ordination, he commenced der their inspection, and to have supply of giving a week-day sermon every Wednesday, sermon granted them. Their application preaching in succession at four different was favourably received, and, after some villages within the bounds of his congregadelay, preachers were sent to them by that tion. For thirty years this week-day serPresbytery. Mr Sharp retired; the ten vice was continued by him with little interure by which their property was held, it ruption. But the Sabbath-school, which he would seem, enabling the congregation to instituted at an early period of his ministry, retain possession of it though connecting was always regarded by him as the most themselves with another religious body. promising means of doing good, and the Such were the circumstances which led to most efficient nursery of the church. For Mr Maclaurin's being sent to Coldingham, some years he conducted it wholly himself. and, eventually, to his ordination there. By and by, as the school went on, and They could not have occurred without pro- increased, he found this too much for him. ducing injurious effects on the congregation, But the school had raised up some qualified and on the cause of religion in the place. to assist him in his work. It was then We refer to them here, only to show in formed into two divisions. The junior what state Mr Maclaurin received the con- division consisted of a number of classes in gregation, and that it must have required different stages of advancement, to each of one of much prudence and diligence to which a monitor was appointed, Mr Macraise it to the flourishing condition in which laurin being always present himself to it was left by him. Its membership at the superintend. The senior division, after time when he undertook the charge has been the junior one was dismissed, consisting stated to us as being between two and three of young persons more grown up, were hundred, but, under his active and earnest taught wholly by the minister. We have ministry, it soon began to increase. We not room to give the details of its mashall notice, however, the few events in his nagement; but we can bear testimony personal history which may claim to be to its efficiency. The average attendance, recorded before giving some account of including both divisions, might be about his plans and labours for the advancement 200. Many date from it their first religious of religion in his congregation, and in the impressions. At the request of the Sabdistrict generally where his lot was cast. bath-school Union in Edinburgh, to which
In September 1809, he married Catherine, he had sent annual reports of his school, the only daughter of James Cockburn, an account of one of the scholars, which merchant in Berwick-an union which had been communicated, was afterwards as his amiable and gentle partner in it still enlarged and published by Mr Maclaurin, survives, we shall only say, contributed in a little volume, entitled “ The power of largely to his happiness during the thirty- religion to sanctify and to comfort, illuseight years that it continued in unbroken trated in a sketch of the character, and an affection. The congregation having no account of the death, of Alexander Edingmanse for their minister, and the little ton, who died January 1, 1823, aged town not affording much choice of any eighteen years.". We need only say that suitable house to rent, one was built by his the work answers well to its title. He father-in-law for the young couple. There afterwards published a memoir of James children were born to them, two sons, Watt, a pious shepherd, who spent some of James and Robert, both now in the minis the last years of his life in Coldingham, try, and two daughters, both of whom, to with extracts from a diary which the good the grief of their parents, a grief moderated, man had kept. This memoir gives a very however, “ by christian resignation, and pleasing view of the intelligence and piety soothed by christian hope, died in infancy. for which many in the humbler classes, and Mr Maclaurin's mother died in 1812. especially in the class to which James Watt Three of his sisters also died before him. belonged, were in the days of our fathers The oldest and the youngest of them yet distinguished. Another tract entitled, “The survive. Similar trials and bereavements Imprecation Answered," was written by
him, and published by the Sabbath-school it; while its present membership is still Union in 1834. It is the melancholy story about 560. And it is to be observed that of a boy who wert from the country, and this increase took place though the popufrom under the care of pious parents, to lation of the town and district from which become an apprentice in a large town, who it was drawn was receiving little or no acthere began to shake off religious restraints, cession; or while there was no influx of but, having fallen into bad health, returned members from other congregations in the to die, and died, apparently without hope, body, sufficient to counterbalance the loss under his father's humble roof. It con- of those who were from year to year retains a solemn warning to the young: We moving from it to seek employment in the bring these little publications together, as larger towns. But what is of more importhey comprise all that Mr Maclaurin ever tance than a mere increase of members, we gave to the press. They came not from believe, we may say that the members of the promptings of literary ambition, but the congregation grew in grace, and in from a simple desire to do good. There is knowledge; that the church was not only in them no attempt at fine writing ; but multiplied, but edified; and that Mr Macwhat of narrative they contain is clearly laurin's influence for good was felt beyond given; and the remarks and reflections
his own congregation, over the district at with which it is accompanied are appropri- large in which he laboured. A very inteate and useful, and conveyed in a pleasing resting part of his flock, which deserves style.
special notice, consisted of the families Throughout the course of his ministry, of fishermen at Coldingham shore. All Mr Maclaurin showed an unremitting dili- but one of these families, we believe, at one gence in the pastoral visitation of his flock. time belonged to the congregation. It drew The visitation of the sick and the afflicted, from them about seventy members, and their especially, was with him a labour of love, minister often took plcasure in remarking, for which his sympathising disposition and what was generally acknowledged, that for manners eminently fitted him. He cultivated intelligence and sobriety the fishermen of much friendly and familiar intercourse with Coldingham were distinguished above many his people too, besides paying them his of their class, and secured the respect and official visits; and as one of his brethren good-will of the people on other places of in the ministry, who was long and inti- the coast, to which they went at certain seamately acquainted with him, says of him, sons to pursue their dangerous calling. possessed a wonderful talent for adapting The views which Mr Maclaurin took on himself to the circumstances of all classes, the leading questions, political or religious, entering into their feelings, and taking a which were agitated in his day, we need kindly interest in their affairs, without in not particularize. They were such as were any degree lowering the ministerial charac- entertained by him in common with most ter. Other means of doing good were not of his brethren. But he did not come much neglected. We might have noticed the Sab- forward in the way of any public advocacy bath-schools set a-going by him in different of them. The concerns of his congregaquarters of his congregation, and taught tion-his ministerial work—seemed to ocfor several years by his sons as they grew cupy all his energies. It would be wrong, up ; his efforts to get libraries formed; however, not to notice here the deep inteone in connexion with the Sabbath-school, rest he took in the cause of missions. another, a public subscription library in He was forward to form a missionary assothe town, of which he was the originator ; ciation in his congregation, after the Synod, the superintendence he took of a public of which he was a member, engaged in the week-day school, also in some degree con- support of missions of its own. nected with the congregation; and the be- month, for a series of years, there was a nevolent use he made of some medical prayer meeting held on the Sabbath erenskill which he possessed, while there was ing, at which he read to his people missionno resident surgeon in the town.
ary intelligence. And he had the pleasure Under these various labours the congrega- of seeing them advancing, in some proportion gradually and steadily increased. About tion according to their means, in the amount eight or ten years after his ordination, the of their contributions. membership had risen from what it was at Mr Maclaurin was long a very popular first to nearly 500. At its highest point it preacher. His fine voice, and fuent and must have been upwards of 600. For, in animated delivery, contributed to render consequence of the erection of the congre- his pulpit appearance generally attractive. gations of Chirnside and Eyemouth to- And his discourses, though he did not aim wards the close of his ministry, erections at any thing very profound or highly imawhich, it may be noticed, he did every thing ginative, by the clear and affectionate exin his power to encourage, a very consider hibition of gospel truth, and the correct able number of members were disjoined from taste which was shown in its illustration,
NO. I. VOL. II.
commended themselves to the consciences our common friend and kind entertainer is and hearts of his hearers. Wewould have had silent in the grave. pleasure, did our space permit, in dwelling Mr Maclaurin has left behind him a diary at some length on his personal acquire- kept from the year 1819, more regularly ments and habits. We can only, however, from the year 1822, till within a year and hastily advert to his musical powers, which a half of the time of his decease. We had were considerable; his botanical know- copied some extracts for publication, but ledge, which was sufficient to give interest we find that there will not be room for to his walks in the fields; the taste he show- them. Suffice it to say, that it shows how ed in the arrangements of his house and attentive he was to the cultivation of pergarden; and the ready skill with which he sonal religion, and how much enjoyment could execute any little piece of mechanism, he had at times in his work. There are to which he turned his hand. He was for notices of sweet Sabbaths spent, and gratenothing more remarkable than for the order ful records of instances of good done by his in which he kept all things about him, and ministry that had come to his knowledge, the regular appropriation he made of his and solemn resolutions to be more diligent time to its various employments. In his and devoted, penned, with earnest prayers own family he ever showed himself as the for grace to be found faithful. From any husband, the father, or the master, affec- glimpse which this diary affords of his inner tionate, considerate, and kind. Authority life, it appears that Mr Maclaurin was, on was maintained, but it was the law of love the whole, of a cheerful spirit, yet truly that ruled. Great was the care and attention humble, and not without a tendency at he bestowed on the education of his sons. times to mental depression. The last exBut he cherished for them no ambitious tract we have from it is as follows:-“ Sabdesires. We have heard him say, that his bath, January 12, 1845. I have had a most fondest wishes for them were to see them painful week, the longest to appearance that pious and useful ministers in the church to I ever remember of. I tremble even to lie which he was attached-wishes which were down in my bed. I felt my work a burden. to his joy fulfilled.
I feel now convinced that I have been under It was the privilege of the writer of this some nervous attack. I prayed against it, memoir to assist Mr Maclaurin at the dis- but at times my thoughts got the better of pensation of the sacrament of the Lord's me, and rendered me almost distracted. On Supper in summer for a good many year the morning of Friday I felt like a new in succession, and to find him living in the man. I awoke happy, and I thought my esteem and affection of his brethren in the bonds had been loosed. But yesterday I ministry throughout all his neighbourhood. had another attack,” &c. A new generation almost has sprung up At the time when this was written Mr since this intercourse ceased ; but he doubts Maclaurin was no doubt labouring under not that his friend had the respect and love bodily disease. Before its date, indeed, a of the younger ministers also, who have suc- change was observed on him by his friends. ceeded to those he was wont to meet at Col- His sight had become much impaired, and dingham. He looks back on the days spent his articulation somewhat indistinct. The there, as some sunny spots in the path of past former infirmity was regarded at first as one life, while he thinks of those with whom he of the ordinary accompaniments of advanewas more or less regularly associated in the ing years; the latter was attributed to the services of the sanctuary, and in the happy loss of a tooth. But it was not long before home of the pastor of the congregation. it became evident to those around him, that Hither came Mr Ure of Ayton, kind of he must have suffered from some paralytic heart and placid in manner ; Dr Balmer of affection. His bodily strength, however, reBerwick, meditative perhaps in mood, and mained for some time but little diminished. full of some subject of interesting inquiry, He was still able to take long walks, and which he was to submit to the brethren ; or to go on with his public duties. But as the it might be his warm-hearted and ardent spring of 1845 advanced, he began to lose neighbour in Berwick, Mr Young; some- vigour, mental depression increased, and times, too, Mr Paterson of Alnwick, with memory showed signs of failure. In these guileless spirit, to give us his naive remarks circumstances, he laboured painfully on, on men and things; and occasionally Mr with such occasional assistance in the SabM-Gilchrist, then of Danse, to open to us in bath work as he could obtain-a good deal the social circle his affectionate soul, and of this, if we mistake not, being given by to delight us from the pulpit with his florid his son Robert, then à probationer- tili, but powerful oratory. But alas, all these, urged by the necessity of the case, he petiand others whom we have met severally, or tioned the presbytery to supply his pulpit together at Coldingham, are gone from for a few months. The supply was readily earth, or laid aside now from public work, and cordially granted, and continued till and the lively and cheerful conversation of about the middle of April 1846. By this
time each of the ministers of the presbytery had given a Sabbath's supply to the congre. gation, and Mr Maclaurin's health and spirits being nowise improved, it became obviously necessary that they should think of looking out for one to be settled among them as his colleague, and probable successor in the ministry. For this purpose they accordingly obtained a regular supply by probationers. About this time Mr Maclaurin's mind was in a very anxious and depressed state. He seemed to have lost all relish for the things in which he had been wont to take pleasure, while he brooded over what he accounted the unprofitableness of his ministry, and looked forward with painful apprehensions to its termination. Much of this was no doubt to be ascribed to the influence of bodily disease—so strangely are mental feelings connected with certain states of the corporeal system. He never, however, was moved away from the hope of the gospel; and gradually, in all respects, his mind became more calm, and even cheerful. . He expressed then, as he best could, his resignation to the will of the almighty and allwise Disposer, and though unable to speak much, or distinctly, it was evident that his consolations were not small, and that death was anticipated without dismay. He was able to attend the ordination of his son Robert, at West Calder, in the month of August 1846, and remained with him for about four weeks. "I was glad,” his son writes, “at that time, to notice an improvement in his spirits, and that he possessed such a degree of equanimity and cheerfulness, that he could take some interest in the affairs of the day. He paid his son at West Calder another visit in January 1847, when he appeared to have sunk again into a state of great depression. Fears were in the way to occasion this, in the then weakened state of his mind. But when the congregation brought out a har. monious call for the young man now ordained over it, and other matters were finally arranged as to the provision to be made for their retiring pastor, he revived not a little. Towards the end of June last, a week or two after Mr Henderson's ordination at Coldingham, Mrand Mrs Maclaurin, after giving a lease of their house to the young minister, left for West Calder, intending to spend what might remain of their days with their son there. “After this," his son writes, “I was much beside my father, and had the pleasure of finding that, though both in body and in mind he had become much weaker, his gloomy thoughts had all forsaken him.” At this time he was able to walk nearly a mile every day, though needing, in doing so, some support. He was, however, quite unable to read ; scarcely even to converse
more than answering very briefly to a question; and, as is often the case with those who have suffered from paralysis, much of his time seemed to pass in listless vacancy of thought. Thus matters continued till within a fortnight of his decease. Another stroke of palsy then deprived him almost entirely of the little power of speech he had retained, and also rendered the swallowing of such food as he could take very difficult for him. In these circumstances, it became manifest to his friends that he was rapidly sinking. His sons who were at his bedside asked him, If he thought himself dying, he answered, “Yes.” Had he any fear in the prospect of dying? “No, no," was his reply. Did he anticipate his entrance after death into a better world ? “Yes,” he said, "I do." His eldest sister, who saw him a day or two before he died, also states, that she tried hard to get a word out of him. At last, in answer to a remark she made, to the effect that he was brought very low, he faltered out, “ I'll rise again.” “Is that," she asked, " to a better world you mean ? " “Yes,” he said, “and that will be joyful, joyful.” This was all that could be obtained as an expression of his hope; but it was enough to show that, as he walked through the valley of the shadow of death, he feared no evil, for the good Shepherd was with him. On the Sabbath morning of the 26th September, his breathing became much more laborious, and continued so till about halfpast one in the afternoon, when it sunk very low-and a few minutes after two o'clock he gently expired, his spirit, we doubt not, emerging from the darkness in which he had long travelled into the light of an eternal day. His remains were conveyed to Coldingham. At the funeral there were devotional services in the church where he had so long officiated. Mr Ilume of Yetholm offered up prayer, and Mr Stark of Ayton gave a short address, amid a crowd of mourners, whose tearful eyes showed that the bereavement was deeply felt. We shall leave our readers to form, from what has been related, their own estimate of the character of our departed brother. We have little doubt that they will recognise in him the pattern of an able, and diligent, and practical minister, and a man much to be esteemed and loved.
Mr Maclaurin, it will be seen, died in the sixty-fifth year of his age. His wellformed, and, as it appeared, firmly knit frame, along with his temperate and active habits, which had, indeed, secured to him a long continuance of excellent health, gare promise, we thought, at one time, that he would be spared to be useful in the church till still more advanced years. The Mas. ter, we trust, has said to him, “ Come up
higher.” Let us be thankful that we enjoyed him so long. The congregation at Coldingham, we doubt not, regard themselves as having been highly privileged by the continuance of his ministry among them in almost unremitting activity for upwards of thirty-seven years; and in their having obtained, after its interruption, a
successor to him, who gives every reason to hope that he will so live and labour, that the things which have been wrought sball not be lost. May they feel their responsibilities, and profit by their opportunities; and may the God of love, and of peace, be with them !
JUDAISM AND ROMANISM.
by the per
Thre Gleaner. PERSECUTION A GREAT BLUNDER. most heavenly, is proof against the virus.The world has made the greatest mistake 10. in being intolerant that ever was made. Sometimes one portion of it has driven away from its bosom the most vital elements of its
THE resemblance between modern Judaism industry and prosperity, because they would and Romanism is clear and remarkable. not conform to its hierarchical and religious
They agree in principle—in receiving tradespotisms. Spain impoverished itself by dition; in setting aside the right of private driving out the Moors and Jews. France judgment for the interpretations of comput back her own advancement in agricul- mentators ; in maintaining that merit is ture and manufactures irretrievably, by stored up by prayers, pilgrimages, fasts, burning out the Huguenots, and, at the and feasts; in the doctrine of a future“ trial same time, enriched other countries at her
by fire;” in asserting that it is right to perown expense. Italy impoverished and de.
secute, even to the death, any Jew who bebilitated herself in like manner,
comes a Christian, and in consigning all emptory banishment of some of her best heretics to everlasting perdition. In pracmanufacturers, because they were Reformed; tice, also, there is an accordance between and in that measure took the most direct the Jews and Romanists--in the constant course possible to build up the Protestant
offering of Hebrew prayers, however few city of Zurich, where the banished ones may understand them ; in supplications for from Locarno found an hospitable refuge, the dead ; in making the Sabbath, when with all their wealth, arts, and industry. they are not engaged in the synagogue, a They who will leave a country for their day of feasting and recreation; in the infaith, rather than desert their faith, are vocation of saints, and in pilgrimages to the likely to be the best of its citizens ;
tombs of rabbis, and to the Holy Land. when you drive them off, you take away the The course of the modern Jew and that of life-blood of the country. This is one way the Romanist are, therefore, strikingly acin which, by the constitution of divine pro- cordant. They alike displace the word of vidence, men's sins come down upon their God by human inventions, and thus stand own pate, and nations reap the fire of their on the brink of a precipice, from which own persecutions.-Cheever.
multitudes fall into the grossest supersti.
tion, or the most abject infidelity.—The Jew. INTOLERANCE OF CHURCH AND STATE
A GREAT WORD. The history of Geneva is singular, as containing within itself a demonstration that, What might not have been, had such under every form, both of truth and error, and such things not been! and what mighty the state and church united are intolerant. things might never have been, if such and The state oppresses the church; the church such things had been. Give me but the in her turn, tempted by the state, oppresses power to have put a pin where I might those who differ from her, and so the work choose twice in the last forty years, and I goes on.
At first it was the state and Ro- could have revolutionized all Europe. If manism–the fruit intolerance: next it was is a great word. How many are at this the state and Unitarianism-the fruit, in- moment saying, If I had but done so and tolerance: next it was the state and Cal. so; or, if this circumstance were only so ; vinism—the fruit, intolerance : in the Can- or, if I had but avoided doing so and so! ton de Vaud, it is the state and democratic Sometimes ifs are fearful things, especially infidelity—the fruit, intolerance. The de- on a dying bed, where they balance the monstration is such that no man can resist soul between hell and heaven. One half its power. Inoculate the church, so to the sentence presents it at the gate of paspeak, with the state, and the same plague radise ; the other thrusts it through the invariably follows: no constitution, not the portals of the world of woe.- Cheever.