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the kindness of it was not so obvious We would now look at those obas it is, still the authority of it must jections with which these appeals bind our consciences and regulate our may be met: lives. “ Remember the Sabbath-day I. Some may say, we do not ento keep it holy.”

gage in it during the hours of Divine · II. Consider, what would be the worship.' But where is the authoconsequence if all were to take simi rity for reckoning one part of the lar liberties with the Sabbath-day day more sacred than the other ? Granting that the traffic in which The distinction may be countenanced you are engaged is not more improper by the laws of men, but it has no than other traffic on the Lord's day, countenance in the word of God. it cannot be said that it is less so. If Why do you not sell during the hours you may engage in this your ordinary of public worship? If that question business, others may-all others may be pressed, will not the answer be that - with equal reason, and on similar the law of the land forbids it? If you grounds, engage in their ordinary suspend business only during the business. And what will be the re- period of which the law of man takes sult? That the Sabbath should lose cognizance, and resume it during the its distinction-its rest be broken- hours of which the law of God its sanctity violated : That the influ- equally takes cognizance, it is eviences of the world should be strength- dent that it is not the Divine, but ened, and the sway of the god of this the human authority that is deferred world be extended :—that we should to; it is not the fear of God, but lose at once our memorial of paradise, the fear of man that influences; it is and our preparation for heaven. We obedience to Cæsar rather than obeought not to allow ourselves to follow dience to God. If the command of any course, the general prosecution of the earthly is high, the command of which would be so disastrous.

the Heavenly is higher; if you own III. Consider, how it must tell on the power of the earthly during some the religious engagements and sacred hours of the day, you ought to own impressions of the sanctuary. Even the power of the Heavenly during supposing that it does not induce the whole of it. absence from the liouse of God, yet II. Some may say, "if we do not, surely it is most undesirable that you others will.' That may be true, yet should come to it, directly from the it is no excuse for your doing that scenes and instruments of business; which you know to be wrong. If it or that you should return directly to would be wrong for an apothecary to them from 66 the place of the Holy.” sell poison to an individual who was What can be more fitted to indispose known to meditate the destruction of for devout meditation, and serious himself or others, it would be no impression? What more fitted to sufficient excuse for him to say, 60 efface right impressions when pro- I may sell it, for if I do not, another duced ? What more fitted to neutral- will. We would not justify the keepize the benefit, to counteract the health- er of a gaming-table, and the manaful influence of the means of grace ? ger of a theatre, in opening their doors That the preaching of the word may and inviting customers, even although be effectual, it is necessary that there they could say, "if we do not, others be suitable preparation before-hand, will !' No more must you plead this undistracted attention at the time, for doing what in itself is wrong. and serious exercise afterward; and To their own Master they stand or to all of these the transaction of fall! and to your own Master you business on the Lord's day presents stand or fall.“ To the law and to the most formidable obstacle.

the testimony," must be our constant appeal; and if our opinions income is dependent on this, and the and practices are not in accordance abandonment of it would severely diwith the requirements of God, their minish it,' we say, well, be it so. accordance with those of our fellow Christianity has often demanded. samen will avail us nothing.

crifices from its professors-sacrifices III. Some may say, “We shall of worldly interests, ay, and greater injure our worldly interests if we re- sacrifices than these. It ill becomes fuse. Does that mean that the traf- those to take offence at such a re

loss of it would be a serious diminu- beginning told, that "if any man tion of your living? Ah! then, will come after Christ he must deny that bespeaks a greater extent of the himself.” If you are disposed to evil than we were willing to believe; count the cost in one way-inquiring and in proportion as the evil abounds, how much profit you may lose by must we wax loud in our protest entire 'cessation from labour on the against its continuance.

Sabbath-day, we ask you to “count Or, does it mean, that those with the cost ” in another way, and say, if whom you deal on other days would that worldly advantage is not too take offence and withdraw their cus- dearly purchased, which is purchased tom altogether, if you were to decline at the expense of the violation of it on the Lord's day? But surely God's law, the hindrance of your rethere are few of those whose custom ligious improvement, the provocation is desirable, who would take offence of God's displeasure, and the hazat your conscientious observance of arding of your soul's salvation. the Sabbath. It has been found We submit these statements and that, by the abridgement of the hours pleadings to you with affectionate of shopkeeping in other professions, earnestness. We ask you whether the community generally find it no they do not commend themselves to difficult thing to provide themselves your consciences. We would have within the abridged time of labour; you consider whether our Lord himand there can be no doubt that they self would not “set to his seal” of apcould provide themselves with all proval. And if you believe that our that is necessary in the way of liquors one Master approves of these pleadand other articles on the Saturday, ings with you, in his name and in and that they would do it, if all busi- behalf of his ordinance, we remind ness were suspended on the Sabbath. you that you cannot safely refuse com

If there be other customers whose pliance. We would urgently entreat demands only minister to lust, and you, candidly, and seriously, and prayengender ungodliness, not only should erfully to ponder our appeals; and we you be willing to forego all advantage would fain cherish the hope that, from from their custom, but you should the beginning of the new year and onrather reflect, that you cannot inno- wards—if God shall spare you-you cently furnish the means of their sin- will stedfastly refuse every violation ful gratifications.

of the day of holy rest. « Consider And if you should still say, what we say, and the Lord give you " Whether proper or improper, our understanding in all things.” *

to any extent obtain in any of the congre- perate and so well grounded, especially as gations of our body. They are utterly at they have reason to acknowledge the lenity variance with the principles on which the of the session in not proceeding, as it might fellowship of the United Church is based, well have done, to their summary suspenand no session could connive at or tolerate sion from privileges which their conduct them without manifest dereliction of duty. shows them so little inclined to value or It is to be hoped that the parties concerned improve.-ED.

MEMOIR OF THE LATE REV. R. MACLAURIN OF COLDINGHAM.

THE Rev. Robert Maclaurin, the subject of natural science, was much above medioof this memoir, was born on the 19th crity. He entered the Divinity Hall at March 1783, at the village of Thornhill, Selkirk, then under the charge of the in the parish of Kincardine, Perthshire. Rev Dr Lawson, in August 1801. There His father is still remembered as having the writer met him again, and was admitbeen a respectable tradesman in that vil- ted to more intimacy with him, and found lage, and an esteemed elder in the neigh- him a favourite with his fellow students, bouring Associate Congregation of Bridge looked up to as a young man of refined of Teith. Robert was the youngest of tastes, engaging manners, and no mean seven children born to his parents; one of talents. He had commenced teaching a these, a son, died in infancy. Their re- school at Tradeston, Glasgow, before going maining son, and five daughters, were to the Hall, and continued to do so during spared to grow up: The parents appear to

the intervals of its sessions. Under his have from the beginning designed that Ro- management, this school became numebert should be educated for the ministry, rously attended, and the income from it hoping that it might please God to call enabled him to maintain himself respechim to serve him in the gospel of his Son. tably while prosecuting his studies. The This design was not laid aside on the death five sessions spent at Selkirk, were, we of the father, which took place in March know, regarded by him as seasons of much 1795, when Robert was but twelve years of enjoyment, and of no little profiting; and, age. He had already, at the school at in common with all who studied under Dr Thornhill, made some progress in learning Lawson, he cherished great and affectionate Latin, and his mother was enabled to send veneration for his teacher. * At their close him to the grammar-school of Stirling, to he was taken on trials by the Associate finish there his preparations for entering Presbytery of Glasgow, and having passed the University. Dr Doig, a man of great through them to their satisfaction, was, on classical attainments, and of high repu- the 28th May 1806, licensed by that Prestation as a teacher of youth, was then the bytery to preach the gospel. Being sent in Rector of that school. Robert continued course to supply the vacant congregations, under his tuition about a year and a half, he was not long in receiving several calls to and went to attend the classes at the Uni- the ministry. One from Johnshaven, another versity of Glasgow in the beginning of from Coldingham, a third from New Deer, November 1797. During four successive came out for him in succession. These sessions he studied there the different calls being, according to the rule then acted branches of literature and science, with on, referred to the Synod to decide which which those looking forward to the ministry should be preferred, it was determined, at in our church are expected to have made its meeting in April following, that he themselves acquainted before being admit- should be sent to Coldingham, and after ted to the Divinity Hall; and, after the the usual steps he was ordained there on usual examination, he was admitted to it the 27th August 1807, by the Associate accordingly, by the Associate Presbytery of Presbytery of Coldstream. Glasgow. Of this early period of his life Coldingham is a small town in Berwickwe have little to say. It is probable that, shire, lying near the coast at St Abb's Head. even in childhood, he had become the sub- Its population, very stationary for a number ject of religious impressions. We know of years, may be about 800, and that of the that, while attending the grammar-school parish to which it gives its name about at Stirling, he already cherished the desire 2000. Fourteen or sixteen years before to be a minister. The writer of this, who Mr Maclaurin was sent there, a settlement was at the grammar-school along with him, had taken place in the parish church, with remembered him as being then a sprightly which a number of the people were dissatisboy, who generally stood third or fourth fied. The consequence was the formation from the head in his class, consisting of up- of a congregation in connexion with the wards of twenty scholars. His proficiency Relief body. This congregation obtained in the different branches of learning, which a Mr Sharp for their minister. He conhe studied at college, particularly in Greek tinued in the charge about thirteen years, literature, and in the practical departments when rumours having got abroad unfavour-

• It has been matter of regret to many who formed for the republication of the works of the studied under Dr Lawson, that no fuller, and we fathers of the Secession and Relief Churches, may say more graphic, memoir of that great and apply to Dr Lawson's son to prepare such a me. good man, than has yet appeared, has been given to moir, to be prefixed to a new edition of some of the public. Could not this desideratum yet be the most valuable of his father's works? supplied? Might not the council which has been

While measures are being adopted pis an antitate to the pernicious to expose the low intidel literature i principles which works of high preour country, which has hitherto been tension. abuey, and popularity are too much allowed to have its own disseminating throughout society. In way, there is a loud call upon - those this sacred enterprise we shall be on whose honoured heads we see as ready to lend a helping hand. In a ones the crown of science and the absequent article. therefore, having erown of Christianity," to come per disposel, in the foregoing remarks, ward in defence of the bal varks of ot one or two matters of a prelimirevelation against the attacks of the dry and general mature, we shall philosophieal intilelity oť our times, examine some of the leading fallacies and to meet " scientitie cavil with which pervade the philosophy of scientifie reply. Vor should the Combe. periodical press be backward to sup

SABBATH TRAFFIC. ESPECIALLY N INTOXICATING LIQCORS: A Letter from a Session to Members of the Charch under their inspection exposed to

the temptation of Saboath Dexecration. We the session of the congregation to that we should not be acting faithwhich you belong, are deeply impres- fully toward them, nor showing a due sed with the importance of the dae ob- regard to the Sabbath of the Lord, and servance of the Lord's Day; and, in the honour of the Lord of the Sabcommon with christians ofereryname, bath, if we did not use the language of have witnessed, with deep concern, the remonstrance and admonition. tendencies to its desecration which We beg to submit, to those who mark the times in which we live. have been in fault, or who are in

Under the influence of this con- danger of being ensnared, a few conbern, we suggested, some months ago, siderations, which seem to bear upon that the sabject should be brought be their duty in this matter; and then fore the congregation in the pulpit we would offer a word of answer to ministrations, which was done, in those objections with which these discourses on the perpetual obliga- appeals may be met. tion of the law which has set apart I. We would have you to consider one day in seven for rest and religion; how such procedure trenches on the and the forms in which the law is con- divine law. We begin with this, betratened, in the devotement of the cause, when God has spoken, it beday, or a part of it, to worldly busi- comes us to hear : we are bound to ness or pleasure.

receive whatever he reveals : we are After this exhibition of truth and bound to do whatever he commands. duty, the session felt that it was fur- He who knows our frame" has grather necessary to enquire whether, or ciously reserved to us one day in seven to what extent, the sanctity of the as a periodical relaxation from labour, Sabbath was violated by members of and as an opportunity for religious the congregation, in the transaction meditation, and fellowship, and serof ordinary business, and especially vice. O why is the kindness of this in the sale of intoxicating liquor. The arrangement so little appreciated ? result has filled us with sorrow and Why is such merey in any case de alarm. We find that not a few are spised? But it is not only the gift of in the habit of engaging, less or more, his grace, it is also the law of his goin this traffic on the Lord's Day vernment; and to disregard it, is not (apart altogether from the plea of only despite of his mercy, but rebelnecernity and mercy); and we feel lion against his authority. Even if

the kindness of it was not so obvious We would now look at those obas it is, still the authority of it must jections with which these appeals bind our consciences and regulate our

may be met :lives. “ Remember the Sabbath-day I. Some may say, we do not ento keep it holy."

gage in it during the hours of Divine II. Consider, what would be the worship.' But where is the authoconsequence if all were to take simi- rity for reckoning one part of the lar liberties with the Sabbath-day. day more sacred than the other ? Granting that the traffic in which The distinction may

be countenanced you are engaged is not more improper by the laws of men, but it has no than other traffic on the Lord's day, countenance in the word of God. it cannot be said that it is less so. If Why do you not sell during the hours you may engage in this your ordinary of public worship? If that question business, others may-all others may be pressed, will not the answer be that -with equal reason, and on similar the law of the land forbids it? If you grounds, engage in their ordinary suspend business only during the business. And what will be the re- period of which the law of man takes sult? That the Sabbath should lose cognizance, and resume it during the its distinction—its rest be broken— hours of which the law of God its sanctity violated : That the influ- equally takes cognizance, it is eviences of the world should be strength- dent that it is not the Divine, but ened, and the sway of the god of this the human authority that is deferred world be extended :—that we should to; it is not the fear of God, but lose at once our memorial of paradise, the fear of man that influences; it is and our preparation for heaven. We obedience to Cæsar rather than obeought not to allow ourselves to follow dience to God. If the command of any course, the general prosecution of the earthly is high, the command of which would be so disastrous. the Heavenly is higher ; if you own

III. Consider, how it must tell on the power of the earthly during some the religious engagements and sacred hours of the day, you ought to own impressions of the sanctuary. Even the power of the Heavenly during supposing that it does not induce the whole of it. absence from the house of God, yet II. Some may say, "if we do not, surely it is most undesirable that you others will. That may be true, yet should come to it, directly from the it is no excuse for your doing that scenes and instruments of business; which you know to be wrong. If it or that you should return directly to would be wrong for an apothecary to them from 6 the place of the Holy.” sell poison to an individual who was What can be more fitted to indispose known to meditate the destruction of for devout meditation, and serious himself or others, it would be no impression? What more fitted to sufficient excuse for him to say, 'O efface right •impressions when pro- I may sell it, for if I do not, another duced ? What more fitted to neutral- will. We would not justify the keepize the benefit, to counteract the health- er of a gaming-table, and the manaful influence of the means of grace ? ger of a theatre, in opening their doors That the preaching of the word may and inviting customers, even although be effectual, it is necessary that there they could say, if we do not, others be suitable preparation before-hand, will! No more must you plead this undistracted attention at the time, for doing what in itself is wrong. and serious exercise afterward; and To their own Master they stand or to all of these the transaction of fall! and to your own Master you business on the Lord's day presents stand or fall. 66 To the law and to the most formidable obstacle.

the testimony," must be our con

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