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REVOLT IN AUSTRIA.
power which the people are taught to regard tia ; and as the Hungarians are in the field as infallible, make their participation in on the side of constitutional liberty, there treason a deeper crime, and demand that is every human probability that the dispute from their ranks should be chosen the parties will not be settled without extensive carthat must suffer, for an example and terror nage. It is well known that the Jesuits to others. And now that it is proposed to have been paramount in the counsels of endow the Roman Catholic priests of Ire- Austria for many years back; and considerland, we wish to know the character of the ing that their exposure and discomfiture in men to whom the premier would give our other courts make the present crisis their money. What are their claims to a pen- last throw in the game of politics, so far at sion from the state ? Are they to be least as concerns the highest stakes, we subsidized as the only means of preventing may expect a desperate struggle ere they them from hatching rebellion ? What is will renounce.
The duplicity of the imbethis but a premium on treason, giving to cile Emperor partakes so strongly of Jesuit men who plot and fight against the govern- craft and profligacy, that only the most obment, the same rewards that are bestowed stinate blindness can fail to see the influon those who shed their blood in its de- ence of this order in the unblushing attempt fence? It needs not the unveiling of the to rob the people of rights guaranteed them priests' complicity in the late disturbances, by solemn engagement. How the contest to rouse the people of Great tain against will terminate, it is impossible, as yet, to the proposed endowment; yet, for the sake foretel with any show of probability ; but it of showing the proposal in its true colours, is not difficult to foresee that the interests we should like that these suppressed papers of truth and liberty throughout Europe are were brought to the light of day.
deeply concerned in the issue. There is danger lest, by the repetition of such acts of lawless barbarity as they perpetrated in the case
of the Imperial Minister, the people afford The heavings of the political earthquake some pretext for a league with the Russian on the continent of Europe have not yet autocrat, which might plunge Europe in a subsided. The Imperial Government of Aus- general war. But if, by combining modertria had contrived, by timely concessions, ation with firmness, they shall succeed in to arrest within its dominions the spirit of establishing constitutional liberty in Ausrevolution, raised by the affair of Paris in tria, whether under the present Emperor, February last; but it seems to have repent- or-in case of his abdication-under a more ed the Emperor that he yielded so soon on practicable monarch, the stronghold of that occasion to the demands of his people. Jesuitism may be said to be overcome; and He had begun, within the last few weeks, to then, though many a stiff battle might retake measures for resiling from his con- main to be fought, it would be on such a cession to the people of Hungary, to whom, level as should make the victory of truth in March, he had granted something like appear, even in the view of the least sana popular constitution. The Hungarians guine christian, a consummation within easy showing themselves unwilling to resign the reach-a simple question of time. liberty wrung from the government so short a time before, certain troops of the Em
THE AGITATION AGAINST ENDOWING peror were directed to march from Vienna to support his authority in Hungary. Learning the object of the expedition, they mani. The challenge thrown out by the Prime fested great reluctance to leave the capital ; Minister to the people of Great Britain, on and having concerted with the National the subject of endowing Popery in Ireland, Guard, who promised to co-operate with has been taken up during the last four them in refusing to march, the result was weeks with a degree of spirit and determiopen mutiny against the Imperial com- nation highly gratifying. At various pubmand. Hitherto (October 20), the intelli- lic meetings held in London and throughgence is favourable to the popular cause. out England, the voice of the nation has The insurrectionists are in possession of the been heard in reprobation of the scheme; city. The Minister of War has been slain and at Presbyteries and Synods in Scotby the populace in circumstances of savage land a sound has gone forth in hearty reatrocity The Emperor has taken flight, sponse to the English brethren. We oband has sent back to Vienna despatches, serve that the “Committee on public quesobviously implying that he has no design tions," appointed by the United Presbyto govern the Empire on constitutional terian Synod, has issued an energetic adprinciples, and intends to bring what mili- dress on the subject, accompanied by sugtary forces he can against the Viennese. Al- gestions which are likely to bring out the ready he has let loose against them an army mind of the church still more emphatically, of half savages from the province of Croa- should that be required. In the Presby
tery of Glasgow, a motion bas been tabled following resolution, among others, was for discussion early in November, that the passed unanimously :-“That having obPresbytery present a requisition to the Mo- served that a notice has been given of a derator of Synod, with the view of having parliamentary motion regarding a state proa special meeting of Synod called, to deli- vision for the Catholic clergy of Ireland, we berate and take action in this cause. That deprecate such a proceeding. That having the explosion of public feeling, wide and shared in the prosperity of their faithful universal though it be, will at all affect the focks, the clergy of Ireland are willing to imperturbable serenity of Lord John Rus- share in their privations, and are determinsell, is of course not to be imagined ; since ed to resist a measure calculated to create he has so explicitly warned us of the con- vast discontent, to sever the people from trary (!) but that a Ministry or a House of their pastors, and ultimately io endanger Commons will so venture to overbear the catholicity in this country.” voice of the country, is surely incredible. Let the agitation, then, go on and prosper.
THE CHOLERA IN BRITAIS. Not only as opposing religious endowments in general, and reprobating popery in par- In its steady march from its native seat in ticular, but even on the simple ground of Asia toward Western Europe, this dreadful national finance, the members of our pestilence has at length descended on our churches should let their voice be heard shores. Occurring first at Hull and Sunagainst the scheme. Let them consider derland, and other parts baving frequent what it will cost, and whether the na- intercourse with cities on the continent, tion, groaning under the pressure of its where it had been prevailing, it was sup. existing debt, can assume a new bur- posed to have been communicated through den so enormous. The following tariff contagion; but its appearance in other of the projected endowment is put forth by quarters, where no communication could a popish newspaper, the Freeman, as having be traced, has served to disprove the supbeen prepared by an influential political position, that contact is necessary to the character of long standing and high posi- propagating of the disease. In London tion:
and its veighbourhood, in Edinburgh and Three thousand Curates, yearly £ its suburbs (where, prior to the 18th October,
salary each 100l. per annum 300,000 a hundred cases were reported, about twoOne thousand Parish Priests or
thirds of which have proved fatal), and in Rectors, yearly salary each,
the other quarters where it has appeared, 150l. per annum
150,000 the localities chiefly affected bare been Seven hundred and fifty town
those in which the want of pure air and the Rectors, yearly salary cach,
absence of cleanly habits were operating as 3001. per annum
225,000 an inducing cause of the disease. There is Two hundred dignified and me
reason to hope that, under the blessing of tropolitan Clergy, yearly salary
God, attention to the sanitary regulations each, 500l. per annum
100,000 issued by the national board of health, will Twenty-five Deans, &c., yearly sa
prove effectual in mitigating greatly, if not lary cach, 1000l. per annnm 25,000 in arresting, this awful judgment. Already Twenty-five Bishops, &c., yearly
it seems to have abated considerably, prosalary each, 3000l. per annum. 75,000 bably through the precautionary measures
adopted, and still more through a favousTotal
£875,000 able change in the weather--a clear bracing This, it is to be noticed, is a moderate frosty atmosphere having bound up for å calculation, drawn up by a friend of the time the sources of pestilential exhalation. scheme, who, no doubt, las reduced it as It becomes the people of God, however, far as possible, with the view of its going not to be satisfied with tracing the natural down with the people of Great Britain. causes of the calamity, and using the means That the priests would reject it and stickle suggested by human skill for its removal; for more, is almost certain, and indeed it but to own the Divine Hand in sending it
, would be unreasonable to expect they to learn the spiritual lessons it is doubt should not; for they can make a better less designed to teach; and to use means, thing of it by the present system. We are that others also may protit by the same not surprised, therefore, that “at a meeting lessons—that, when the judgment is abroad of the Catholic Bishops and Archbishops of in the land, the inhabitants may learn Ireland, held in Dublin 4th October," the righteousness. Printed by Thomas MURRAY, of No. 2 Arniston Place, and WilliAM GIBB, of No. 12
Queen Street, at the Printing Office of MURRAY and GIBB, North-East Thistle Street Labe, and Published by WILLIAM OLIPAANT, of No. 21 Buccleuch Place, at his Shop, No. 7 South Bridge, Edinburgh, on the 25th October 1848.
AFTER the Redeemer's incarnation, tion of God in flesh, because it has a the human nature was inseparably tendency to realize God in our apprehen-united to the divine, - This incom- sion. We believe that God is, but prehensible mystery.includes the ma- we cannot by searching find him nifestation of the glory of the eternal out; we cannot find out the Almighty Son in a state of humiliation. It , to perfection. Our great difficulty is fraught with the most import- in meditating on the Eternal, is the ant consequences to man.
We are want of suitable and adequate apthereby supplied with an all-suf- prehensions of his nature and perficient Mediator ; ample provision fections. We are in danger of inwas thereby made for a perfect satis- dulging in, certain undefined notions faetion for human guilt; a sure foun- concerning the Supreme Being, which dation was laid for the intercessory are inconsistent with his character. work of our Great High Priest in We are prone to form, in our imagiheaven ; a broad and firm basis is nations, some similitude or likeness of furnished for the faith of sinners; him, while our judgments must consecurity is given for bringing fallen clude that this is utterly inconsistent men to a near and honourable rela- with the glory of One who is a pure tion to the Divine Being; and the and perfect Spirit. To understand prosecution of the work of grace in the meaning of these words, “ God the church generally, and of the work is an infinite and eternal Spirit”-is of personal sanctification in particu- knowledge too wonderful for us—too lar, is thereby ensured. Such im- high, we cannot attain unto it. Him, portant consequences naturally lead therefore, whom we are in danger of to the conclusion, that this mystery ignorantly worshipping, Jesus Christ must be calculated to promote godli- hath declared unto us.
66 He that hath ness; but the design of this paper is seen me,” said Christ, “ hath seen the to mention a few of those results Father. Christ is not merely the rewhich render the incarnation of presentative of the church to God, he Christ emphatically—The mystery is also the representative of God unto of GODLINESS.
the church. He not only reveals the Following out this design it is re- divine will to man by his office as á marked, that godliness is in a peculiar prophet, he represents the divine manner promoted by the manifesta- nature to man by his person. Hence
NO. XII. VOL. II,
he is called the brightness of his rible majesty. “Behold,” said God to Father's glory, and the express image Israel," I send mine angel before thy of his person—the image of the in- face; beware of him, and provoke him visible God. The Father is in Him, not, for my name is in him.” and He is in the Father. Christ The incarnation is a mystery of hath two natures ; and God dwelling godliness, as it shows the deep interest within the veil of the Saviour's hu- which God takes in what concerns our manity-Godmanifest in flesh--is re- race. In the mystery of godliness we presented to us in an attitude more have a display of a very particular congenial to our ideas, more calcu- department of the mystery of provilated to sustain our frailties, and to dence. Among all the visits which win our confidence. By the incarna- God has paid to our world—among tion, God, to speak with reverence, all the displays of his deep interest in hath come down to man. If, then, we our family—there is one royal, divine, would have the sanctifying effects of singular, manifestation, showing that this mystery, we must ever ponder our God knows our wants, and sins, the meaning of that common, and and impotency. A personal union to often lightly uttered, but most preg. the God of glory is a privilege pecunant, most profound, expression- liar to human nature. God took not GOD IN CHRIST. The divine essence, on him the nature of angels; but, as it is true, cannot be more easily com- the children were partakers of flesh prehended in the person of the Son and blood, he himself likewise took than in the person of the Father. He part of the same. Men are the breand the Father are one in nature, thren of the incarnate God. The Sapower, and glory. But when we be- viour is God with us. hold God dwelling not only with man, In preparing the way for the desire but in man, then we have a manifes- of all nations, how marked and mitation of God which we could not nute were the instances of divine inotherwise have enjoyed. When Em- terference! How evidently did Jemanuel was seen walking on the hovah manifest that human welfare waters-speaking the angry waves was dear to his heart when he called to rest--when he touched the bier the father of the faithful ; carried the and called the dead to life—when we aged patriarch Israel to see his long behold him ascending through the lost son the lord of Egypt; drew material heavens--ascending locally, Moses from the Nile, and put into his visibly, gradually—what do we see hand the wonder-working rod; guided We see Jehovah acting. We see the the chosen amid all their wanderings, doings of the Lord, and are more till they came to conquer and possess conversant with them. The agent is the land of their enemies; and, when visible, although the mode of his he preserved the lineage of David operation is necessarily concealed. until He came whose right it was to There being, in this manner, a dis- reign, and to whom it was given, and play of the divine glory in the person given, too, at the time and in the of Christ, it is highly calculated to manner which his hand and counsel advance the interests of godliness, at had determined, and of which many once by the grandeur of the display prophets had spoken! Surely it is a and the depth of the condescension. great motive to holiness when we We are more deeply impressed with thus see God devising so liberally for the reality of his universal agency, us-laying our help on one so mighty and we are more afraid to incur his -and, in the fulness of time, not spardispleasure. With the incarnate Goding his only-begotten Son, but dethere is matchless condescension; but livering him up for us all. with the incarnate God there is ter- God manifest in the flesh advances
the interests of genuine religion, as reality and character of the heavenly the doctrine of man's immortality is world. Jesus has passed into the hereby confirmed, and an affecting dis- heavens; He is there as the repreplay is given of the invisible world. It sentative of men; He hath for us will be allowed by all, that the be- entered ; as our forerunner he hath lief that our souls shall never die, is gone within the veil; the holy of more favourable to the interests of holies above is his dwelling-place. virtue than the dreary dogma of the The heaven must receive him till the materialist, who professes to believe accomplishment of all that the prothat he is merely constituted of sophets have spoken. The perfect many organized atoms. Man is im- purity of his people, in soul and body, mortal; but an immortality in sin is will then be completed. Their longhell. Even reason says, if man is to ing hopes after a corporeal immortalive for ever in the presence of God, lity will then be fully realized; for and be happy, he must be transform- their bodies will be rendered glorious, ed into the divine image-must be like unto Christ's glorious body. godly, that is, godlike. Grant that Heaven was opened to receive the man is a sinner--that conscience re- King of Saints as he passed in triumph bukes—that God cannot look on ini- after his dread conflict. It shall be quity: What follows on the supposi- opened again when he comes the SEtion of the mortality of the soul ? COND time, without sin unto salvaThat God has placed us in circum- tion, and to admit all his children stances the most unfavourable to ho- personally to dwell for ever with him, liness. If death is an eternal sleep, and to behold his glory. What manthen one of the strongest barriers to ner of persons ought we to be in all iniquity is removed. Let us rejoice holy conversation and godliness, seethat the gospel has brought life and ing we look for such things ? He immortality to light, and that this that hath such hopes will purify himeminently promotes godliness. God self, even as Christ is pure. In heaven lives now, and will live for ever in the contemplation of the mystery of personal union with humanity ; thus godliness will hold a distinguished proving that men, whose nature he place among the exercises of the ranassumed, and for whom he died, will somed. They will see the Lambalso live for ever with him. In that is, Christ incarnate : they will Christ's life we see the path, and in see the Lamb as it had been slainhis death the price, and in his great that is, Christ crucified: they will see ascent the proof supreme, of immorta- the Lamb in the midst of the throne lity. We have in Christ one example, that is, Christ glorified. Although at least, of the possibility of surviving we, in the present state, must take temporal dissolution-one living il- these views, as it were, separately, lustrious monument of human immor.. and endeavour to combine them, as tality. What an argument for godli- constituting the glory of God in ness! Shall we live in sin, and yet be- Christ, yet this exercise is pre-emilieve in an ascended Redeemer ? Can nently calculated to lead us to perwe die in hope, and yet indulge in ini- fect holiness in the fear of God. quity? No. Our nature is on the The incarnation is a doctrine acthrone of the universe. He who cording to godliness, because it shows wears it is the only Holy One, and God's infinite regard to his own law. all who shall be gathered around him To suppose that the divine law can must be holy even as he is holy. either be relaxed in its authority, or
Christ's incarnation is not only a that the Judge of all the earth will proof of man's immortality, but an cancel its threatenings or mitigate its exhibition is thereby afforded of the requirements, is contrary to all proper