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cially the borrowing of the outward forms, and something liku the title of the book, was pronounced piracy by law. Here, we think, is a similar, if not a worse case. Let any one compare the “Church Records” of our Congregational friends with Mr Robertson's “forms,” especially the Communicant's Roll and Baptismal Register, and they will not think our verdict too severe. Let them make the ' amende honorable,' or show to the world how such a striking similarity has occurred.
To ministers, sessions, and managers of the United Presbyterian Church, we sayprovide yourselves with proper Church Records without delay. Those of Mr Robertson will be found complete and exceedingly useful.
NorthWOOD: The Friendship of a Jesuit.
8yo. Pp. 260. Edinburgh : Sutherland & Knox. For the same reason that we dislike Jesuitism, we have our scruples as to the instruments sometimes employed to put it down. The end does not justify the means. The flagrant iniquity we may seek to destroy, does not warrant us to use against it other weapons than those furnished in the armoury of divine truth. If the record of ascertained facts be insufficient to expose the enormous conspiracy which the Jesuits have hatched against the liberty and happiness of mankind, we have no confidence that the work will be done, or any substantial good toward its accomplishment be effected, by the brillinat genius of the novelist. The most famous anti-Jesuit romance of modern times, the “Wandering Jew,” probably did some execution in France. It was alleged to have turned the head of a minister of state under the late French monarchy, and to have sent him to a madhouse; and certainly the highly-wrought details of that extravagant romance, acting upon the lively imagination of the French people, were fitted to excite something like a panic of horror against the society attacked. Bat a triumph so won is not to be trusted.
Charges brought wholesale against a body of men, and not substantiated by evidence, not unfrequently create a revulsion in the public mind in favour of the crimiuals, hossoever guilty. The known and proved history of the Jesuitical order--the laws of their society, in so far as these have been detected on clear evidence-the fact, that at one time or other they have been vomited fortha like a nauseous and poisonous draught by every state in Europe-their recent plots against Switzerland, France, and Tahiti-these, anil the obvious reasoning founded upon well-attested facts like
these, afford the legitimate weapons with which to assail the system and the disciples of Loyola. If fanciful tales are to settle the controversy between us and them, they can write tales too; and, for our part, we think it not worth while to challenge them to such a method of warfare.
Only the high talent displayed in the work now under notice, could have drawn us out to make it the occasion of speaking as we have just done of the class of writings to which it belongs. Indeed, we are not sure that what we have said may not have been dictated to some extent by a feeling of pique at ourselves for being so much interested in reading “Northwood." We are jealous of being caught in a net of fancy when engaged in the pursuit of stern realities; and in the present instance it has cost us an effort to make our escape. The story is intensely interesting-many of the scenes powerfully sketched ; and the grand moral, that the happiness of the conjugal relation is put in imminent jeopardy by the slightest departure from truth and candour on either side, especially on the part of the wise, is illustrated with admirable force and talent. Sometimes the writer touches on vital truths of religion, and does it truthfully and with effect. We have not space to sketch the story, or indicate wherein its construction seems to us to display less of matured judgment and experience than it does of the rarer faculty required in a writer of tales. If the author would take the trouble to collect some of the strong facts of the Jesuits' history-present them in an authenticated form, accompanied with the requisite vouchers, and comment upon them with the same power of vivid and glowing description which is exemplified in “ Northwood”—he would produce a work of real and permanent importance to the cause of evangelical truth. . Such a work is needed in the present state of our country, and of the world at large.
CARES of Youth: or, Discourses on Subjects
of Interest and Importance to the Young. By SAMUEL Martin, Minister of Westminster Chapel. 12mo. Pp. 148.
London : Ward & Co. FRESH, vigorous, healthful, practical, tliese discourses are fitted to do great good among a class on whom the future prosperity of the church is, under God, largely dependentthe thoughtful and enquiring young men of our country. The author keeps close to his object--the interests of youth, and especially their advancement in an enlightened, manly piety. lle does not excel in metaphysical enquiries, but is most at home in everyday practical affairs. He has evi.
dently studied with care the case of the ris- them. We commend the volume to our ing generation in (ur large commereial reading youths of both sexes, and assure cities; and, appreciating rightly their im- them that it will direct, stimulate, and sop: portance in the community, he has ac- ply valuable thought. quired the taet of interesting and engaging
they would require certain additions to
their physical nature ere it could be atTue latest intelligence from the Wesleyan tempted. A knowledge of the sacred Missionaries labouring among the very in- Scriptures is quite popular among the nateresting people of these islands, comes from tives; their inquiries as to the meaning of one or two of the northern-most stations; divine truth is incessant. At our-public and the very encouraging information con- examination, in 1845, a large body of the veyed in it will be perused with gratitude natives repeated, from memory, the first and encouragement. Religion, education, four chapters of the Epistle to the Hebretes; and civilisation, are all making manifest and some few even ten chapters. At the and cheering progress. As regards their examination of 1846, they repeated, in the progress in religion, “the people are evi. same way, the first eigbt chapters of the dently growing in grace and increasing in Epistle to the Romans : and, for the coming intelligence : in their prayer-meetings, there examination, they have already learned is much spirituality; and nerer were chris- the tifch and four following chapters of tian congregations more eagerly attentive Matthew's gospel." Their progress in the or more devout." From a station in a comforts of civilisation are very gratifying small island on the north-cast coast, the Even in respect of clothing they are much missionary writes—"Religion, as a system, improved. The New Zealanders have ge. had been received at Aotea, as in most nerally a very tenacious i liking to the other parts of New Zealand, prior to 184+, blanket as an article of apparel; and, by by the majority of the people. A great their frequent injudicious use of it, they lay number, however, still stood aloof. But the foundation of consumptive diseases, by even the strongest prejudices, and the vilest which so many of them are annually carried heathenism, have been made to give way to off the stage of life. Like the ancients, the power of the gospel. To the praise of their bedding is their clothing. And often, the Lord be it spoken, out of those the from vanity or other motives, they load most hardened and deluded, we have, dur- their persons with two ing the three years since our landing in blankets, by which they become orerheated, Aotea, baptized upwards of a hundred and then suddenly expose themselves to & souls, and we have increased upwards of chilling current of air, or to the equally untwenty in church-membership. We have favoitrable effects of the damp ground, from endeavoured to teach them the important which the most fatal consequences are orilesson, which human nature here, as well as ginated. Besides, the blanket is, at least in every other part of the world, is so averse to a European eye, a very unseemly article to learn ; that the kingdom of God is not of dress, making a company of them, when meat and drink, but righteousness, and clad with it, appear like the inmates of an peace, and joy, in the Holy Ghost; the hospital, rather than the cheerful worshippers Holy Spirit has applied the word, and, in of God in a christian sanctuary. Missionmany instances, corresponding fruit begins aries labour hard to persuade them to-conto appear.” In regard to education, he fine the blanket to its legitimate use, and writes—“I am not aware, that, in 1844, with some success, though not at all to the there was one native in the circuit that extent they could desire. Doubtless, the understood the multiplication table;' now, natives are far' in advance of their original many of our young men håvc learned not habits when their persons, their mats, and only that, but also most of the other tables, all pertaining to them, were covered with a and work with ease arithmetical questions, casement of red ochre mixed with train oil. as far on as “practice. There is no doubt The ancient New Zealander has nearly that you will soon hear of the New Zealander passed away: the present race are in a state working the problems of Euclid. Many are of transition, though the transition is not learning the English langnage, which, even quite so rapid as could be desired. As're two years ago, appeared to them such that gards agriculture, two years ago there were
neither horse por shecp in the Aotea dis- and, while they were pushing and striving trict; now there is a respectable stock of 10 advance, one of them received a slight horses, cattle, sheep, and goats. The in, blow on the face with a cane. This in troduction of horses and cattle will, among creased the excitement: and it was resolved other benefits, soon supersede the abomin- net to proceed, as they had announced, to able practice of treating the female part of preach in the public squares, but quietly to the population more like beasts of burden leave the city. They had only got about than any thing else. There is also an ad. half a mile on their way home, however, rance in the food of the natives, which for when a furious mob of ite same class of merly consisted of fern and other roots, men overtçok them, aimed with sticks and latterly including the potato ; and they crowbars, swords and stares, and one with suffered greatly in their strength by so un a heavy iron chain, siating that their ob. substantial a diet. Now, wheat, oats, and ject was to bring them into the presence of barley, are grown; the former to the ex- the officers of the grain-junks-to which the tent of about two hundred acreş. An excel. assailants belonged to answer to a charge lent flour-mill has been erected; and the na brought against them. The missionarios, tives are as much delighted as benefited by knowing this to be a more pretext to irthe rattling noise of its muchincry, and the reigle them into their jower, proceeded to dashing and foaming of the water which expostulate with them, loth by persuasien drives it. Crinç is not merely abating, and promises; but they were all, in an inbut disappearing. I am not aware," the stant, attacked in the most furious manner, missionary states, that there has been a and obliged to flee, Dr ) orklart remaining single case either of infanticide or murder, in their hands, and they beating liim cruelly as the consequence of witchcraft, since the on the ground. His brethren returned to beginning of 1844, in the district. These his rescue, and found him on his legs again, were crimes of everyday occurrence -not and running towards ilium. They then all many years back; and the latter still exists three fcd for their lives; but finding the in several places on the island. Liberty men gaining upon them, iley resolved again lias been given to nearly all the slaves. to attempt the influer.ce of persuasion. The people have not only been able to They were, however, soon surrounded by settle amicably all their own disputes, but their pursuers, and beat in the most ferothey have been of service, on more than one cious manner. Dr Medhurst was brought occasion, in settling the disputes of other to the ground by a blow upon the crown of tribes. A great transformation is taking the head with the blunt end of a hoc; 10place; and the dreary melancholy of the ceiving also a blow upon ile knee, by which former scenes of leathenism, is giving way he was severely bruised. Dr Lockhart to the delightful gladness of christian wor was, in the mean time, attacked by two shir, the sense of sins forgiven, and the men, one with a chain, and another with a blessed hope of cverlasting life.”
sword. He received a severe wound on the
Lack of the head, which bled profusely. rii Mr Muirhcad was also severely beaten :
until he, with his companions, lost all It is with feelings of deep sympathy, and power of resistanee, and were reduced to also of gratitude to Him whose eyes are the necessity of resigning themselves to on the righteous, and his ear open to their their assailants. The mob then proceeded cry," that we have to record a, brutal at- to rub them of every thing valuable; and tack by some natire Chinese, on three of compelled them to proceed, lame and cripthe missionaries of the London Missionary pled as they were, back towards the city. Society, and their merciful deliverance, The missionaries liad given up all lope of when hope was well nigh gone, Drs Med. life. They were then dragged onwards : hurst aud Lockhart, and Mr. Muirhead, and, when near the city walls, a number of ihree of their missionaries stationed at the inhabitants came out, and some people Shanghae, the farthest north of the five from the magistrate's office, by wliose advice cities to which foreigners have access, were: the missionaries consented to proceed visiting the city of Tsing-poo, nearly thirty thither, and were immediately taken chargo miles to the westward ; and, while occupied of by these officials in a kind and friendly in distributing their tracts from house to manner. The magistrate promised them louse to those who appeared able to read, every redress, although he failed to fulfil they were beset with a turbulent mob of his promise; he gave them some slight reChinese boatmen, recently thrown out of freshment, and sent them under air escort employment, and intent ou plunder. Thes to their own boat, and they reached home crowded upon them so uncivilly; that Dr in safety next morning. The British ConLockhart, with a walking-stiek in his hand, sul.at Shanghae, however, adopted prompt stretched his arms to bold back the crowd, and vigorous measures 10 obiain redress, who had begun to loot and throw stones; and completely succeeded. This unhappy
affair is likely to result in increased security spect of considerable freedom in the prosecuand freedom of intercourse to all British re tion of it. The island is virtually a colony of sidents in that city. Glory be to Him who France, although the deeply injured Queen maketh the wrath of man to praise Him, has returned to it, and nominally resumed while the remainder of wrath he restrains ! the sovereignty. She adheres stedfastly
to the Protestant faith; is exemplary in her attendance on public worship and christian
ordinances; her respect and attachment to The latest notices we have seen of the the missionaries is undiminished; and she progress of the gospel in this eastern has placed her sons under the care of one country, lead to the impression that the of them, that they may enjoy the benefits work is still advancing slowly, though pro- of a christian education in Protestant bably in proportion to its progress in other principles. The missionary settlements countries whose moral condition is similar. were during the late war almost entirely The labours of the missionaries, who are destroved; but the brethren are labouring all of the American Baptist Society, are to assemble the dispersed people again in nearly restricted to the British territory. to villages, and to restore their fallen sancDr Judson made an effort to renew their tuaries; and the measure of success already operations at Rangoon, the principal sea- attained is cheering, although the difficul. port of Burmah Proper; but, writing in ties which they meet are great, especially June of last year, he states that he had been from the demoralizing influence upon the compelled by the government to suspend people of French manners, and the baneful the public worship which he had com- effects of war upon the passions and habits menced there. At their stations within of the natives. By a course of prudence British Burmah, they are still making ad- and fidelity, on which God smiles, they are ditions to the number of their converts, gradually reforming their churches, and though compelled also to exclude some separating the precious from the vile. At whom they had received. Some also have Papeete, which may be termed the central been seduced from the purity of the faith station, the ordinances of the gospel have by the artifices and misrepresentations of been maintained during nearly the whole the Romish priests; but the trial to which period of the late troubles, yet the attendthe mission has been subjected by these ance on the means of grace is not so large marauders has been salutary: the native as might be expected; many are collected Christians have become more sound in the here from all parts of the island, but the faith, and more guarded against the wiles majority resort to it for worldly and vicious of the devil. Their schools are active, and purposes. Point Venus, once an important the attendance considerable. They have station, has been repeatedly visited by the also theological schools, for the training of brethren, but appears to be in a discouragnative preachers; and the missionaries ing state. A few meet spontaneously and speak favourably of the general deport- frequently for social prayer; but the church ment and conduct of their students. They has not yet been re-established. At Papara are doing a little in translation: they have the christian natives hold prayer-meetings the New Testament already in the Peguan at various places in the district; their place and Sho Karen languages; and are pro- of worship, and the house occupied by the ceeding with parts of the Old Testament. missionary, were both demolished by the In the printing department much work was French; and, when visited by the missionbeing done. The Karens - a primitive ary now, they assemble for public worship agricultural tribe, inhabiting the mountain in the open air, on the spot where their regions in the south and east of Burmah chapel stood; but the church has not been Proper and the neighbouring provinces- reorganized. A tolerably good congrega. have always been the most accessible to tion is still collected on the Sabbath at the missionaries, and the most eager for in- Bunsamia, although, on its becoming a struction. The number of communicants French military station, nearly the whole among them is upwards of 500; scholars, of the people were driven away from it. about 400 ; and there is a theological At two out-stations there are chapels; and school, in which all the pupils are reported some new members have been added to the as fecling a deep interest in their work, church. Very few of the people who were and affording every encouragement that in the camps lave returned to reside at could be reasonably expected.
Papara ; but those members who had been enabled to stand fast in the faith and pro
fession of the gospel were to be speedily TAHITI.
formed into a church. At an out-station The political condition of this island is so from this a considerable school for children far quieted as to have enabled the mission had been maintained ; and the congregaaries to return to their work, with the pro- tion is good, though not so large as for
merly. The newly-appointed French go- restoration of peace. So that, upon the vernor appears to be disposed to maintain whole, the future interests of the mission the conciliatory course of policy which had in this island for the present look favourbeen adopted by his predecessor since the ably.
Entelligence.—United Presbyterian Church.
consequence, the protest be considered as
fallen from. Mr Hay gave in reasons of Arbroath. This presbytery, at a meeting dissent from the deed protested against; held in May, had under their considera- and a committee was appointed to answer tion additional charges deeply affecting the them. moral character of the Rev. Archibald Rit- Berwick.---The United Presbytery of chie, who was on the Synod's list of proba- Berwick met on Tuesday the 5th of Septioners, and bad by them been, at their tember, when a call from the first congreprevious meeting, suspended from office gation of Wooler to Mr Peter White, as and from church-fellowship. These charges assistant and successor to Mr Robertson, were so far admitted by Mr Ritchie, as, was sustained ; and, Mr White being prealong with the other evidence before them, sent, accepted of it. The Rev. Mr Lee of in the judgment of the presbytery, com- Horndean intimated, that, in consequence pletely to establish the charges : and sen- of infirmity, he was anxious to obtain an tence of deposition was passed against him. assistant; and the presbytery, having ex. At the meeting of presbytery on the 6th pressed their deep sympathy with him, and of June, Mr Rankin was chosen moderator their high admiration of his character, took for the twelve months ensuing. A pres- steps to have his request complied with byterial mission committee was appointed, according to the rules of the church. The according to the standing rule of Synod. presbytery next entered on the consideraThe presbytery again met on the 11th July, tion of the queries sent down by the Synod, when moderations were granted to the relative to the proposed assembly, and congregations of Johnshaven and Car- agreed to answer them all on the principle noustie. A letter was received from Mr of strict Presbyterian parity. They were David Young, preacher, declining the call of opinion that the assembly should be from Letham, which was accordingly laid composed of about 250 members, the one aside. Mr Robert Buchanan Scott, student half being ministers and the other half of philosophy, was admitted, after exami- elders ; that the members should be chosen nation, to the study of theology; and Mr by rotation alone, beginning at the top and John Lawson was attested to the Divinity middle of the Presbytery list; that their Hall as a student of the fourth year. In election should be for one year only ; that a case of discipline, which had been before none should be members by virtue of their the presbytery at several meetings, a peti- office; that the committee of bills and tion was presented to have the case re-con- overtures should have a permanent clerk sidered, that it might be proceeded in ac- as the clerk of the assembly, without a cording to the Forms of Procedure; and a voice in the court, unless he be a repremotion to reject this petition was carried sentative member; that there should be against a motion to grant it, on which a four provincial Synods in Scotland, and protest and appeal was taken to the Synod one in England ; that there should be no by the party petitioning. At the meeting commission; and that a general fund should of presbytery on the 5th of September, calls be created for the payment of members' exfrom the congregations of Johnshaven penses, and Carnoustie were presented and sus- Carlisle.--This presbytery met at Cartained; both of them being unanimously lisle, on the 29th of August; the respected for Mr John P. Miller, preacher. Subjects moderator, Dr Thomson, was requested to of trial for ordination were appointed to occupy the chair for another half year. Mr Miller, in the event of his accepting of The clerk reported, that the Rev. Dr Jefeither of the calls. A moderation was frey of Denny had been appointed to visit granted to the congregation of Letham. the several congregations of the presbytery, Reasons in the protest taken at last meet- as the deputation of the Synod's Committee ing were given in, upon which a motion on Sabbath Schools ; that the Doctor had, was made and carried, that they be not for the last fortnight, been actively engaged received, because they were not given in in carrying out the object of his mission; within the prescribed time; and that, in and that, in so far as he had proceeded, a