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exaction is made for the maintenance of a the opening lecture, which presented a bisfaith which is believed to involve dangerous torical discussion of the doctrine of the errors, and of a system of polity which, Eucharist prior to the Reformation. After in its spirit of domination, monasticism, and briefly describing the nature of the ordicelibacy, has proved itself ever jealous of nance as represented in the New Testathe sacred rights of private judgment, and ment, the professor entered upon an exinimical to the moral and social interests amination of the language used concernof mankind.
ing it by christian writers in successive To the intended measure, in the opinion ages of the church, and traced the gradual of your Memorialists, a very strong objec. progress of the errors and superstitions tion arises from the expense to the country which resulted in the anti-scriptural tenets which it would involve. Already the ec- and practices of Rome. Towards the conclesiastical property of Ireland vested in the clusion of the lecture, the professor, in a Established Church, is immense. On the style of warm and earnest eloquence, urged part of Government, and of the Legislature, on the students to avail themselves diligently there is at present no disposition so much as of the advantages of the Institution, particuto reduce it. In these circumstances, the en- larly of the library, reminding them that in dowment of the Irish priesthood would be after life the multifarious duties of a workregarded by all, except interested parties, ing minister were not likely to admit of as a most unwise, unrighteous, and oppres- calm and continuous reading, which they, the sive increase of the burdens of the people. students, now enjoyed at the Divinity Hall
. Connected as your Memorialists are with The lecture was listened to throughout a numerous class of the community, and with very marked attention. The Rev. conversant with their views and feelings, James Kirkwood concluded the meeting they have thought it their duty to give ex- by prayer, after which the students were pression to these views in the form of re- enrolled in their several classes as follows:monstrance, under the full persuasion, that Of the 5th year.—John Ballantye, Wilwhatever weight may be attached to them liam Dickson, Thomas Fullarton, Patrick by men in power, they will prove in sub- Greig, Walter Haig, James Henderson, stance and effect to be in accordance with John Kechie, Joseph Leckie, Andrew Morthe sentiments of the great body of our ton, Donald N'Donald, William Peattie, countrymen.
William Porteous, James Rennie, Robert It adds a painful feature to the present Robertson, Ebenezer Ross, Robert S. Scott, revival of the Catholic endowment ques- Adam Stewart, Hugh Tait, Walter Turntion, by the speech of the premier, that bull, Thomas Watson, George Wyse. the only condition on which the proposed Of the 4th year.—Matthew Barr, James measure is suspended, being the concur- Browning, William Clark, George Dodds, rence of the Irish priesthood and their James Galloway, John Lawson, William flocks, there is thus an apparent disregard M*Laren, Alexander M'Lean, James Macof the sentiments of the British nation, as queen, John Matheson, George M. Middleof small account in the matter. If such ton, David M. Muir, Robert Neilson, John be the import of the statements referred to, Ridpath, William Russell, George Sandy, it seems difficult to interpret them in any James Skinner, James Stevenson, William other light than as an unconstitutional slight Sprott, William Turner, Alexander L. of public opinion, and a challenge to the Wylie, David Young. majesty of the people to vindicate itself. Of the 3rd year.-John Alexander, Wil
In name and by appointment of Com- liam Anderson, John Arnold, Peter Barron, mittee,
William Cochran, Archibald Crawford, JAMES HARPER, Convener.
John Dobie, James Dunlop, James FinlayUNITED PRESBYTERIAN HALL,
son, David L. Goodburn, George C. HutEdinburgh, August 15, 1848.
ton, James A. Johnston, Francis Lawrie, Peter Leys, William Limont, David Macewen, James Meiklejohn, Matthew Orr,
William Prentice, David Rattray, David The Second Session of the United Presby Russell, John Stillic, John Thomson, James terian Divinity Hall was opened in the Torrance, Stephen Wallace, James WardSynod House, Queen Street, on Tuesday, 1st rop, Peter White. August. Dr Brown, Professor M‘Michael, Of the 2nd year.-George Barlas, George Dr Harper, Dr Eadie, and Dr Lindsay, the Bickerton, Thomas Bruce, Alexander Brunfive professors of the Institution, besides a ton, John Carrick, Alexander Clark, M. number of ministers, members of the Theo- Cooper, James Donaldson, Robert Drumlogical Education Committee, and others, mond, J. Gibson, Andrew Graham, J. Hutwere present on the occasion. After prayer ton, Thomas Kennedy, John Kirkwood, by the Rev. Mr Pringle of Auchterarder, J. M. Lambie, Charles C. Leitch, J. B. Professor M Michael proceeded to deliver Logan, J. M'Nab, M. M‘Naughton, Alex.
Miller, John Milne, J. More, J. L. Rome, year offered himself to be examined ; and, A. H. Scott, G. Smith, C. J. Thomson, finding that he had no competitors, he very J. C. Weir, A. Whyte.
honourably withdrew. Of the 1st year.-Hugh Barr, Thomas Twelve scholarships were awarded by Baxter, Thomas Bell, John Campbell, the committee. Several more might have J. G. Carruthers, J. M. Erskine, W. Flem- been given, had it not been that a number ing, Hugh Forsyth, James Frame, R. F. of students coming nearest to the successFyfe, R. Gray, J. Hill, G. Hunter, J. Im- ful candidates were so close to each other, rie, J. King, R. Knox, J. Martin, W. Mac- in the collective value of their answers, donald, D. M Gregor, J. M‘Laren, Alex. that it would have been almost arbitrary M‘Nicol, George M'Qucen, Walter Morri- to have given distinction to some of them, son, D. Morris, J. Picken, J. G. Potter, and not to others. D. Rintoul, A. Robb, F. Ross, Thomas As the “ Charles Wilkie” scholarship was Seater, Alex. Shennan, R. B. Scott, W. not competed for, it was not assigned to Stewart, W. M. Taylor, W. Thomson, W. any student by the committee; but Mrs Walker, Hugh Wallace, Thomas White, Wilkie, the generous founder of it, has W. C. Young
kindly divided it for the season into three parts, and forwarded these to as many stu
dents of approved character and promise. SCHOLARSHIP EXAMINATION.
Fifteen scholarships have therefore been in THE examination of competitors for theo- effect assigned, - twelve formally by the logical scholarships, in connexion with the committee, and three by a munificent conUnited Presbyterian Church, took place at
tributor to the fund. 5, Queen Street, Edinburgh, on the first and The students who are successful retain second days of last month. The members their scholarships, on condition of underof committee by whom the examination going the subsequent examinations; and it was more immediately conducted, were the may therefore be expected, that the comProfessors of Theology; with the Rev. Dr petitors of the last year will eventually be Taylor, Auchtermuchty; the Rev. William the most numerous, and that the hope of Pringle, Auchterarder ; the Rev. William securing the “Charles Wilkie” scholarship Johnstone, Limekilns; the Rev. Dr Rob- will bring into action much of the highest son of Glasgow; the Rev. David Thomas talent and attainment of the Hall. of Mauchline; the Rev. Henry Renton of Kelso, the Rev. H. M. M Gill of Glasgow;
PRESBYTERIAL PROCEEDINGS. the Rev. George Brooks of Johnstone; the Rev. Dr Taylor of Glasgow; the Rev. John Annandale. — This presbytery met at Cairns of Berwick; and the Rev. Dr King Ecclefechan, on the 25th of July. Mr of Glasgow.
Rome, student of the first year, delivered a Twenty-nine students came forward to homily, and was examined on the doctrine be examined. Had all who gave notice of of original sin and on natural philosophy. their intention to compete, and all who ob- Messrs Haig and Tait, students of the fourth tained the use of books to facilitate their year, delivered, -the first a popular serpreparations, carried their purpose into mon, and the second a lecture." Mr Wileffect, there would have been forty-five liam Young, student from the congregation competitors. Some of these withdrew on of Annan, having been recommended at account of bad health, expressing much the previous meeting, was examined for adregret that they were subjected to this ne- mission to the Hall. The discourses and cessity; and others, having encountered in- examinations were all unanimously susterruptions in their studies, retired from the tained. The students present, along with ordeal rather than enter it as they thought Mr Dobie, who had given all his prescribed under special disadvantages. Still the exercises at a previous meeting, were rescheme had operated as a stimulus to more commended to the Hall, and the clerk inthan forty students, all of whom had given structed to certify them to the professors. considerable attention to the prescribed Owing to the amount of business before subjects.
the presbytery, it was agreed to delay until It was the conviction of the examiners, next meeting the consideration of the questhat the students in general acquitted them- tion, Whether the services of a deputy selves excellently ; that not a few of them from the Committee on Sabbath School made a most admirable appearance, fur- Education should be invited this summer? nishing ample ground of congratulation to Appointed next meeting to be held at the church of which they are to become Langholm, on the 26th of September. ministers; and that already the beneficial Cupar. This presbytery met 18th July. working of the measure is most evident, in Messrs Stevenson and Wyse, students in the improvement it has produced.
divinity, delivered discourses which were Only one student belonging to the fifth approved of. Messrs Bell, Seater, Er
skine, and Imrie, after the usual examina- of the presbytery, to be held here on the cions, were admitted as students of the
first Tuesday of October. Divinity Hall. Next meeting was ap- Paisley and Greenock.
This presbytery pointed to be held on the third Tuesday of met at Paisley, Ist August; Rev. Mr Meikle, September.
moderator. A committee of inquiry as to Dundee. This presbytery met on the 1st the congregation at Inverary presented a August, the Rev. Robert Flogg, moderator. report, which the presbytery agreed to The Rev. Robert Dick Duncan, Wishart transmit to the Home Mission Committee, Church, Dimdee, intimated his acceptance with a strong recommendation that the of the call from Bread Street congregation, grant to said congregation be increased to Edinburgh. The presbytery accordingly L.50 annually. Mr John Smith, probaloosed him from his present charge. The tioner, accepted the call from the
copgregaRev. David Marshall was appointeil to tion of Union Street, Greenock. The compreach Wishart Church vacant, and the mittee, in the case of the late second conRev. Robert Gemmell to be moderator of gregation, Largs, having laid on the table Wishart Church session.
the valuation of the property by Mr Smith, Edinburgh.—The presbytery met on 1st architect, the presbytery declined to press August. Mr Cross having completed his their claims on the property in a legal form; trials for ordination, it was agreed that he recommended to the managers and trustees should be ordained at West Linton on 17th to take steps for disposing of it to the best August. On petition from the congrega- advantage, and should a surplus remain, tion of Back Street, Dalkeith, Mr Deans after all fair claims are met, to hand it over was appointed to moderate in a call there on to the treasurer of the United Presbyterian the 16th. The call from the church at Church. The next meeting of presbytery Newington to Mr Robertson of Musselburgh was appointed to be held at. Greenock, on was again taken up for consideration. Rea. the first Tuesday of September, sons for the translation, and answers to the Stirling.--This presbytery met on the 1st reasons having been read, commissioners of August. Mr Robert Robertson, student from both congregations were heard, after of divinity, was examined by Mr Brown on which Mr Robertson, in a long and feeling the Antinomian controversy. Mr H. Foraddress, cast himself on the presbytery syth having been recommended to be taken for advice in the circumstances. It was on trial for admission to the Hall, was agreed to defer the case till Tuesday follow- examined with that view. The presbytery ing. At a meeting of the Edinburgh presby- agreed to certify these students to their tery on Tuesday, 8th August, Mr Robert- respective professors. Appointed next son, in accordance with the advice of a large meeting to be held on the 19th of Sepmajority of the presbytery, accepted the tember, call from Newington. At the same merting, a motion by Dr Ritchic, that the presbytery should issue its earnest recommen
ORDINATION. dation to discontinue the rise of intoxicating liquors on occasions of ordination ser
IVest Linton.-On the 17th August, Me vices, was negatived-thie" previous ques
Archibald Cross was ordained pastor of the tion” having been moved and carried. congregation of Linton, Peebles-shire. Mr
Glasgow.–This presbytery met on 8th Semple, Peebles, and Mr Brown, Dalkeith, August.
officiated. A committee appointed to examine and report upon the measures row before Parliament in reference to Marriage
INDUCTION. and Registration, garc in a report. The presbytery secmed generally to concur in Bread Street, Edinburgh.-On Tuesday, the principles of the proposed measures. 220 August, the Rev. Robert Dick Duncan, The committee was re-appointed to attend of Wishart Church, Dundee, was inducted further to the matter, and report if they at Bread Street Church, Edinburgh, as sucfound it necessary. Oni petition from the cessor to the Rev. John Symington. Mr congregation of Regent Street, Glasgow, Duncan of Howgate, with Mr Kirkwood, Mr Taylor was appointed to moderate in a and Mr Reid of Edinburgh, officiated. call there on 21st August. Newcastle.---This presbytery met on 1st
CALLS MODERATED. August; the Rev. II. Lawson was chosen moderator till the end of this year. It was Carnoustie.—Mr John P. Millar, probaagreed that the Committee for Missions be tioner, called 24th July. instructed to procure the duplicates men- Wooler First Congregation.---Mr Peter tioned in Rule 15, as to congregations on Whyte, probationer, called 15th August ; the Home Fund; and that the remits from Mr Ritchie of Berwick presiding. the Synod be considered at next meeting Back Street, Dalkeith.---Mr Duncan Mac
intosh, probationer, called 16th August ; day, 6th June. After sermon by the Rev. Mr Deans of Portobello presiding.
James Roy of St George, late moderator, Regent Place, Glasgow --The Rev. John the Rev. John Jennings of Toronto was Edmond, Denny Loanhead, called 21st unanimously elected moderator. August ; Mr Taylor of Hutchesontown presiding. 52910. WYBIDI s TUDTUD adt
Proposed Union with Free Church.--On a report from a committee on this subject, the members of Synod were called on
to deliver their sentiments on the question, Died, at Tarbolton, Ayrshire, on the 2d
Is union practicable in preseent circumAugust, the Rev. John Campbell, senior stances ? While a desire for such a conminister of the United Presbyterian Church summation was generally expressed, it was there, in the forty-sixth year of his ministry. felt that the ground taken by the commit
Died, at Minnihive, Dumfries-shire, the tee of the Free Church was so extreme as Rev.James M'Geoch, minister of the United
to preclude the hope of a union at present. Presbyterian Church there, having nearly It was not for this Synod to go back. The completed the thirty-first year of his mi- Free Church must come forward, and the nistry,
progress of mind and events, it was be
lieved, would bring that church nearer to CENTENARY, LOGIE-ALMOND.
them than it was now. While voluntary
ism was not a term of communion in the On Tuesday, the 8th August, a Soiree was held in the United Presbyterian Church, held to be an essential element of the New
United Presbyterian Church, yet it was Logie-Almond, in commemoration of the Testament system ; and they could not. origin of the congregation there a hundred
throw into the shade a principle connected years ago. No record of that origin exists; but, by means of traditionary recollections, It was recommended by some, that there
with civil liberty and vital christianity. it' is assigned to the year 1748. The first ministry was an unhappy one, and of short
should be interchange of pulpit services; duration. The second, which commenced
and by all it was urged, that the whole
papers should be published, that the people in the beginning of 1756, continued to the close of the century. The third, which
of both churches might know the whole still continues, has been a long, peaceful, motion was agreed to, approving the dili
proceedings and arguments. Ultimately a and useful one--Mr Young being within a few months of the commencement of the
gence of the committee; re-appointing
them to confer with any committee to be 50th year of his ministry; At the time of appointed by the Free Church; declaring the commencement of the congrogation, that union is very desirable, if it can be this large and populous district must have accomplished on a christian basis. It was been exceedingly destitute of a pure and efficient dispensation of the gospel, the agreed that this resolution be sent to the
convener of the committee of the Free nearest churches being those of the parishes Church, with the request that they allow of Monedie, Methven, and Foulis, which were each five miles from the central and published. An overture from Toronto pres
all the documents submitted by them to be most populous part of the district. The bytery, in favour of promoting the union, congregation therefore must have been a
was then withdrawn, on account of the source of incalculable good; and it still preceding discussion and decision, remains so; for though other and nearer churches now exist, and though the congre
Synodical Statistics.--A schedule for Sy
nodical statistics was presented, and a com-gation has repeatedly suffered by the emi
mittee appointed to consider and prepare gration of considerable numbers of the po.
it for the use of the church. pnlation, it still remains the principal source Mission Business.-In the course of disof gospel ordinances to a large, retired, cussion on the business of missions, it was and interesting portion of country. The
found that the state and prospects of the occasion was suitably improved by addresses
church in the province were never more from a number of ministers, and members
favourable than now, and increased energy of the congregation; and the large audi
was therefore requisite. A Board of Misence, many of whoin came from other con
sions was appointed, to take into consideragregations, or belonged to other com
tion plans for their further extension, and munions, seemed highly gratified by the
to engage in these with energy as far as service.
practicable, and report to next meeting of Synod.
A letter was read from the secretary of
the Board of Foreign Missions of the PresThe United Presbyterian Synod of Car adı byterian Church of Nova Scotia, requestmet at IIamilton, Canada West, on Tue;. ing the co-operation of this Synod in their
SYNOD OF CANADA.
mission in the South Seas. It was agreed that a collection be taken up in all the congregations for this object, and that a letter be sent in reply to their brethren in Nova Scotia.
Theological Education.-On considering the report on the Theological Institution, it was resolved that the Hall be removed from Hamilton to Toronto; that students attend the university there, and be superintended by the professor of divinity during their whole course. The standard of education it was determined should be kept up, and it was remitted to presbyteries to consider and report at next meeting of Synod, that, if possible, the ensuing win. ter session be made available for the beaefit of students connected with the church. · Candidate for License as a Preacher.— A reference was presented from Toronto presbytery, requesting the authcrity of Synod to license as a preacher Mr Ormiston, professor of logic and moral philosophy in Victoria College. The Synod authorized the presbytery to act in the case as they saw cause.
Petitions to Government and Legislature. -Petitions on the following subjects were unanimously agreed to, and the moderator and clerk authorized to sign and transinit them in name of the Synod :
Ist, One to the governor and council against the appropriation of the surplus fund of the Clergy Reserves to any religious denomination, and that said surplus be retained till action be taken by Parliament to appropriate the whole Reserves to purposes which the whole community can share.
2d, A petition to Parliament against the present Clergy Reserve Act, that it be rescinded, and that the whole proceeds be applied to a common school fund, or for general secular purposes.
3d, A petition to Parliament regarding the University, for the exclusion of the chair of Divinity; for the abolition of Religious Tests; and that no denominations be recognized, in any way, in any bill that may be brought forward.
Next meeting of Synod was appointed to be held at Toronto, on 10th October next.
of some value at home, as well as among the Canadian brethren, and we have pleasure in aiding to give it circulation here.
After conference the committee agreed to take up the subjects which had been under consideration, and on which written statements of their respective opinions had been previously given in, and resolved to embody in a formal statement the points on which they agreed and those also on which they differed. According to which plan the joint committee concurred in the following synopsis : 1.-Regarding Christ's Headship over the na
tions, as distinguished from his Headship over the church.
The committees agreed in holding Christ's ap. pointment by the Father as Head and King of nations, as well as Head of the church. With regard to the design of the appointment, and the duties that result from it, there is some difference. The committee of the Presbyterian Church holding, that while the province of the civil magistrate remainis the same, the revelation of Christ's appointment as Head and King of nations, has imposed new duties upon nations and rulers. And the committee of the United Presbyterian Church holding that the revelation of Christ's appointment as ruler, has not added any thing to the department over which the civil magistrate is placed, nor formed any new relationsbip between him and his subjects, nor any new duties different from those, to discharge which he was previously bound; "and, moreover, as the whole institution and end of his office are cut cut by and lie within the compass of natural principles, it is not their opinion that there can or ought to be any exercise thereof towards its end but what could be argued for and defended from natural principles." 2.- Frovince of the Civil Magistrate.
The committee concurred in holding that his province is purely civil as contra-distinguished from ecclesiastical, and that no ccclesiastical power, and no right of interfering in the administration in the affairs of the church, has been committed to him. But with regard to the duties of the civil magistrate, within his peculiar province, there seems a difference between the committee to this extent that the committee of the Presbyterian Church hold that religion is the concern of legis. lators and civil rulers, as such, and ought to be not only protected by the maintenance of religious liberty, but also publicly countenanced, favoured, and promoted by them; while the committee of the United Presbyterian Church think, that the duty of the civil magistrate is only to protect every subject in the exercise of the right which God has given him, to judge for himself in matters of religion, and to act in them according to his own judgment, so far as not to interfere with the rights of conscience. 3.--Is national recognition of Christ's Head
ship over the nations a duty, and if so, in whui form is it to be made ?
On this head the committees also differ, that of the Presbyterian Chureh holding that it is the duty of nations and rulers to make a formal recog. nition of Christ's Headship, and that the simplest and least objectionable mode in their opinion, in which this could be done, would be a national act, incorporated into the constitution of the State, and made the basis, so far as applicable, of all future legislation and administration-and the committee of the United Presbyterian Church think that the Scriptures do not enjoin any such national act; it is therefore not required of nations, by Christ himself, and on this account, not a duty; nor is it any where in Scripture charged against pations as such, as a crime that they did not recognize the leadship of Christ over them.
CANADA- PRINCIPLES OF FREE CIIURCU
AND UNITED PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH COLLECTED.
The chief points of difference between the Free Church and the United Presbyterian are brought out very distinctly in the following extracts from a report of the joint committees, appointed by the Synods of the two bodies in Canada, to consider the proposal of union. The document will prove