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himself into awful and repeated in- knows it, he shall commit ominous consistencies. Let him but indulge outrage; he shall begin to smite his this morbid tendency, and ere he fellow-servants."

E. 5, Queen Street.



SIR,—The following communication is an object so mixed up with the was sent to the Scholarship’s Com- other in carrying out the scheme, that mittee:

both objects are but imperfectly ac66 To the Convener and Committee complished,—they interfere with one on Scholarships.

another, and, instead of co-operating “ The object of the Scholarship successfully and without collision, deScheme is understood to be twofold, feat to a great extent, and neutralize -to raise the standard of attainment, each other. and to assist poor students. The To remedy these evils, which former is the primary object; the will only more strongly develope latter, although an important, but a themselves the more vigorously the secondary one. The practical ques- scheme in its present shape is wrought, tion then is, how can this twofold ob- the following plan is respectfully subject be most easily and successfully mitted to the Committee:secured? The present scheme which, 66 1. Let the two objects, the priin its essential features, corresponds mary and the secondary, be kept with the Scholarship Scheme adopted perfectly distinet. by the Free Church, appears to us to “ 2. Let the primary object be be liable to the most serious objections, associated with what should be de-objections more likely to be in- signated the Scholarship Scheme, and creased than diminished, and which the secondary object with what should we know are felt to be insuperable by be termed the Bursary Scheme. ministers, whose own attainments in 56 3. Let no money be given in every department of scholarship, only connexion with the Scholarship make them the more solicitous to see Scheme ; but let the examinations be introduced into our church an effec- universal, not partial, imperative not tive plan for the accomplishment of voluntary. those objects which we all ought to 66 4. Let the examinators keep a have at heart.

regular and accurate record of the “ The present scheme is liable to examinations, marking every student's several objections as to its principle progress and attainments in the difand working

ferent departments of study. “ In the first place, as to its primary 66 5. Let a classification be made object, it endeavours to create excel- of the students after examination, dilence by offering money, a thing viding them into first, second, third doubtful in its principle in a Divinity scholarships, and so on; and let this Hall, and, in the opinion of not a few, be published, read, or simply kept vitiating in its tendency. At all recorded by the examinators, as may events, it has a vulgar aspect, and be thought best to stimulate or gain does not address itself to the higher the ends contemplated. and nobler feelings of the student. 66 6. Let the money now given for

“ In the second place, the assistance Scholarships be reserved for Burof poor students, which is of vital im- saries. portance, though a secondary object, 7. Let these be applied for to the Bursary Committee, by students, or suggested fails to approve itself to the the friends of students, in the same Committee, that they will do us the way as applications for aid are made kindness and the favour of making in our church by aged ministers, or us aware of the nature of the objecfor supplements by such as require tions, if any, that may be felt, as in them.

the case of these objections demon6 8. Let the Committee have a strating the undesirableness or imtwofold reference in their distribution practicableness of what is suggested of money to need and talent, giving being adopted, we shall not only cease bursaries in amount proportioned to to oppose the present scheme (if an the talents and need of the students. attempt to render it successful can be

“ 9. Let the question of need be called opposition), but shall give it determined by the facts stated in the our most hearty and zealous support. application for a bursary, and the I am yours, &c. question of talent and attainments by

“ ANDREW, ROBERTSON." the record of the examinators, kept Stow, June 8, 1848., among other things for this purpose. In answer to the above the follow

“ 10. Let these bursaries be with- ing has been received:drawable and renewable, the Com

Glasgow, 7th August 1848. mittee determining annually whether “ DEAR SIR-I read your letter of they should be withdrawn or renewed. 8th June to the Committee on Scho

By adopting the above plan, the larships, at their first meeting last matter is not only simplified, but the week. After a somewhat lengthened two great objects contemplated are conversation on the subject to which gained at the least expense, and with it has reference, the Committee, on the most effect; objections to prin- the motion of Dr Harper, adopted ciple and tendency are removed, and the following resolution : the longer it works the more success- · Read a letter from Mr Robertson ful will it become. On this plan ex- of Stow, submitting certain alteracellence will not be created by what tions with regard to the Scholarship may be thought a vulgar and un- Scheme. The Committee agreed to worthy bribe; none will get money state, that while prepared to consider who do not need it, and none may any suggestions of improvement in want money that deserve it. The reference to the scheme, they did not Hall, too, will be affected not partially feel at liberty to adopt and recomand feebly, but universally and power- mend Mr Robertson's views, inasfully; in fact, without adopting some much as the effect of them would be such plan, the present scheme, it ap- to supersede, both in its principles pears to us in common with others, and details, the present plan, which will not only meet but merit failure. has been sanctioned by the Synod.”

6. There are a few things as to the " As an individual I may express bearings of the submitted plan on my opinion, that your proposals are university students, on which we are liable to these three objections : prepared to make such statements as “1. The compulsory examination may be necessary, but these can be you recommend, associated with reconsidered afterwards.

cords of the results, classification of “ We trust the Committee will the students, &c., would be very

ofnot deem us presuming in submitting fensive to the students ; and


atto them this communication ; and as tempt to enforce it would reduce, I objections are apt to arise to a new have no doubt, the attendance on the scheme from not revolving the subject Hall. in one's mind in all its aspects, we “ 2. Money given to students, ex have simply to request, that if the plan pressly on the ground of need, would bé unhappy in its influences, and munication to the Committee, we painful to their feelings. One of the were given to understand that the most distinguished of them says, in Committee were prepared for taking writing to me, 'I say it candidly, any such suggestions that might be thất I could scarcely conceive the offered into consideration, the scheme circumstances that would induce me being confessedly imperfect. Had it to accept any such assistance, were been hinted that our suggestions it offered in the shape of a charitable pointed to a plan which the Commitdonation, in consideration of poverty. tee had no power to consider, apIt would be crushing to the feelings prove, or condemn, we would at once of the recipient to have a bounty have submitted our proposals to the given on such grounds, and I should Synod; but that Committee, it was hope that there are few of our stu- conceived, was invested, not with dents who would not choose rather power, it might be, to adopt the sugto struggle on through all their diffi- gestions, but with power to consider custies, than have the degrading re- them, and give the Synod the benefit flection that they were receiving the of their advice. We are now, therechurch's aid, not because they are fore, shut up either to drop pressing deserving, but because they are un- the suggestions on the church, or fortunately poor students. In re- bring them regularly before it. We gard to the Synod's scheme, the same purpose the latter, and on this acstudent says-—I may be allowed count send you the above, that the humbly to testify how gratifying it subject may receive that attention is that you assumed the position you and thought to which it is entitled. did assume as to the principle on As to the objections stated by Dr which the scholarships are to be King, other opportunities will occur awarded.'

of noticing them. We would simply “3. You propose that the Commit- remark, as to his first objection, that tee on Bursaries have a twofold re- examinations, not for Scholarships, ference in the distribution of money but for admission into the Hall, are to need and talent. I reply, in the universal; that the students are alwords of our report, that the endea- ready classified into first and second vour to ascertain who have the great- Scholarships, or receivers of L.10 and est need, would involve much deli- L.15 Scholarships, &c.—those who cacy and much difficulty ; that more get nothing being classified either might depend on the zealous repre- as unsuccessful or non-competing stusentation of interested parties than dents—the non-competing students on the actual circumstances of stu- being liable to be taken for incapable dents; and that, as the proportionate študents, whereas it is known that weight to be attached to talent and some of the best students refuse to destitution respectively could never compete. Then, again, as to the atbe fixed by any distinct principle or tendance on the Hall being reduced rule, it might in too many instances by making the examinations univerbe determined by caprice. Trusting sal, this reflects both on the Hall and that you will find these considera- the Scholarship Scheme. It implies tions to have some force in them, I that there are at the Hall those who am, dear sir, yours very sincerely, have not sufficient attainments to

" DAVID KING." warrant their being there; and it The above has rather disappointed proclaims the fact, that the present ins. Having, in moving last Synod Scholarship Scheme is no remedy for the adoption of the Report on Scho- this state of things. larships, taken occasion to throw out As to the second objection, it prothe suggestions embodied in the com- ceeds on a misapprehension. No

money is given on the score simply must encounter, who have not only of need. The object of the plan is entered the field of labour, but have to secure the reverse ; but to secure long occupied it, and that, too, for it so as, while merit is rewarded the benefit of the church. . need only is supplied. On the present As to the third and last objection, scheme there is much merit which is as to determining the amount of unrewarded, much need that is un- need, the difficulties surely are not relieved, and much money that is greater than in determining the thrown away. As 'to feelings of de- amount of need in the cases to which licacy in the case of a meritorious we have already referred. But these student in need, applying for a bur things can be considered again. Our sary, there should be none,-less, at object is simply to put your readers all events, than in the case of a stu- in possession of our suggestions, that dent not in need, applying at present the matter may be fully and delibefor a scholarship; and not more, in rately discussed.—I am yours, &c. any case, than what aged ministers

ANDREW ROBERTSON. and ministers of small congregations Stow, 9th August 1848. ,

The Gleaner.

(From Five Tracts on the State Church.)

RELIGIOUS LIBERTY MARKS OF PROGRESS. is regulated by an Act to compel uniformi

ty; the army and navy, by an Act to supW#0 that has watched the progress of the press mutiny. The prayers of the church great principle of religious liberty, can are as much regulated by the state as the doubt its final consummation? First it was movements of the fleet. But, whilst subdeveloped in toleration, which was received mission and obedience are essential to the as a boon ; then it expanded, until toleration due administration of the public service in was regarded as a right; and now it has other departments of the state, indepenbrought us to such a position, that we de- dence and freedom of action are necessary spise toleration as an insult. See the effects to the efficiency of a christian church; and of the progress of this principle upon our these are forfeited by its alliance with the Parliament:- at first it was a parliament of state.-Ibid. churchmen; then its basis was enlarged, and it became a parliament of Protestants; and now, they who will give to it some religious

THE ENDOWMENT OF ALL RELIGIOUS SECTS. designation, are compelled to use the most SUPPOSE that the people could be so decomprehensive term, and call it a parlia. luded, as to imagine that they were relieved ment of Christians. The advocates of Church by endowing any sect, or all sects,—what, and State begin to fear, that it will soon be then, would be the result? The destruc. impossible to describe it at all. Hierarchi- tion of voluntaryism! There would then cal pretensions, year by year, have reluc- be no one to look after religion but the tantly receded before the advancing wave statesman; who generally has no religion of liberty, and never has intolerance been himself, and is not really anxious that it able to stay its progress.-J. H. Tillet. should be possessed by others. Certify to

him that there are institutions which, acTHE CHURCH IN FETTERS.

cording to certain arrangements, have a

claim on the state for an annual stipend, THE government has as much power to and he is ready at once to give it. But elect a bishop as it has to appoint a general how is religion faring all this time? The or an admiral. The church has no more people are not appealed to for its support, power, of its own authority, to control its and know nothing of its value. They do internal arrangements, than the army or not see it directly, but look at it through a navy has. The army can no more dispose false medium, which destroys both its beauty of its barracks, than the navy of its ships, and its power. Religion is neglected, when or the clergy of its churches. The charch the voluntary principle is abandoned ; its


sources dry up, its fountains are poisoned, parish church, and was more consistent and its streams become polluted. Men than now in the forced relaxation of its cease to be anxious for its promotion; and claim. Yes, the term "Church,” so far as their zeal for its increase gives way before it relates to the Church of England, is the interposition of the government, which capable of definition. The church is the does all things for them.-Rev. J. Burnet. nation; and the property of the church is,

of necessity, the property of the nation.

Startling as it may appear, to say this, is WHAT IS THE SEPARATION OF CHURCII AND

only to say that the property of the church STATE.

is its own.-Rev. J. H. Hinton. PENALTY, – PREFERENCE, -- Pay! These three words will guide to every corner of

DANGER FROM PERVERTED RELIGIOUS our meaning. The repeal of all enactments which inflict legal penalties or civil disabilities upon man on account of his religious THERE is no temptation from which we profession; the abolition of all preferences should more devoutly shrink back, within or privileges conferred by the state in con- the omnipotent protection of the grace of nexion with religious opinion; the resump- God, than that which appeals to our mingled tion, for secular purposes, of all funds be- feelings of religion on the one hand, and of longing to the state appropriated at present unsubdued ambition and selfishness on the to the support of religion,--this is what we other,--a combination, in which the baser mean, and all that we mean, by the separa- is constantly absorbing that higher and tion of Church and State.


purer one, from which alone it derives all the seeming sanctity of which it has to

boast. No human passions are so strong CHURCH PROPERTY-WHOSE IS IT?

as those which are stimulated by false reliThe church is not only distinctly, but am- gious sentiment; no bitterness is so acrid bitiously, called “ The Church of England," as the odium theologicum ; no war so bar*The National Church." And the theory barous as a crusade; no persecutions so inof every national church undoubtedly is, human as those whose more revolting that the nation constitutes it. Such, I en- atrocities are partially concealed behind the tertain no doubt, is the theory of the Church veil of fanatical zeal. Hence, no system of England. Are not the proofs of it ma- involves such perilous consequences to the nifest? It collects tithes from every acre temporal and spiritual interests of man, as of land not specially exempted, and im- that which connects political power with poses church-rate on every householder. the errors and prejudices of their creed. At one period it required, under penalty, Rev. J. P. Mursell. the attendance of every inhabitant at his

Notices of New Publications.

A Mission TO THE MYSORE, with Scenes sionary for India in the summer of 1839,

and Facts illustrative of India, its People, and in consequence of disease in the eye, and its Religion. By the Rev. WILLIAM brought on apparently by excessive appliARTHUR, Wesleyan Minister. Pp. 560.

cation to Oriental studies, was constrained Partridge and Oakey. 1847.

to return home within about two years from We do not hesitate to claim for this book his departure. His short stay, however, he a very high place among the many interest- has turned to good account. His journeying and valuable works which spring from ings are sketched with a most graphic pen, a Missionary parentage. It forms, indeed, and the information which his volume cona precious addition to the literature of mis- tains is often original, never inaccurate, and sions. Written in an extremely fascinating always interesting. Mr Arthur was struck, style, its piety is as unassuming as its views as all voyagers must be, with what he calls are intelligent. Its statements of facts, de- “the marine scenery of the tropics," and scriptions of customs and scenery, reason- after a vivid delineation of it as seen by day, ings on general subjects, and appeals on he adds :-" The charms of the nocturnal behalf of unissions, are alike admirable. heavens are not inferior. Not only are new After a careful and delighted perusal of it and brilliant constellations brought within from the first page to the last, we have the field of vision, but the pellucid atmopleasure in giving it our unqualified and sphere gives to the most familiar stars a cordial commendation.

larger disc and brighter radiance; while Mr Arthur left this country as a mis- numbers, barely discernible in our clime,

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