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justified, and not by faith only." yielding its fruits. The excellence Sarah's example is so used where of such a means of instruction is Peter points to it, as a model of con- manifest. Its actual efficiency is seen jugal obedience and subjection. The in its results. For how much of our example of David in cating the shew- knowledge, in religious subjects, are bread is so employed, where our Lord we indebted to the light thrown on refers to it in illustration of what them by Old Testament example ? “this meaneth, I will have mercy, and The nature of faith is, indeed, very not sacrifice.” Elijah's feeding the fully revealed to us in the law and widow of Sarepta, and Elisha's cleans- the testimony; but would any of us ing Naaman the Syrian, are both used have the clear perception we have after this manner, when Christ ad- of it, but for the father of the faithduces them in evidence that "there ful? Could we know patience, as is no respect of persons with God.” we do know it, without the example The example of the elders, who “by of Job? To obey God rather than faith obtained a good report,” is thus man, is a duty taught us very clearly employed when, in his epistle to the by Christ himself; but could our Hebrews, Paul tells us what they did ideas of it be what they are, without through faith. In none of these in- the example of Daniel, and the three stances is there a “new command- Hebrew youths ? The true nature ment” or doctrine promulgated. “Old of the Sabbath may be learned commandments” merely are reiter- from the terms of its institution ; ated, and example is employed to and yet, what additional light is furnish illustration ; and the con- thrown upon it by our
Lord's duct of Old Testament saints is well allusion to the example of David fitted for such a purpose. Though not and the priests? It is wisely, then, in an absolute, yet, in some sense, that so much of Scripture is devoted they were “ perfect and upright to a history of the lives of Old Testamen.” Except in things peculiar to ment saints. We need instruction the dispensation under which they by example, for we are slow to unlived, their rule of duty was the derstand it otherwise. Their history
Unless in instances is fitted to supply this, and for this it easily distinguished, and sufficiently has been designed. By means of it, memorable, that rule was kept by God would let us see the faith and them. They were men of all ranks, patience of saints.” and of every condition in life, and 3. It is intended for excitement in we have them acting and suffering seeking after conformity to the rule. in every conceivable variety of cir. Christians, like others, are apt to cumstances. They were our fore- 'weary in well doing.” Occasionally runners, called to the same duties, they are in heaviness through confronted by the same difficulties, manifold temptations.” At such seatried by the same temptations, ani- sons they need excitement, and the mated and upheld by the same prin- example of Old Testament saints is ciples and hopes. In their example, designed to supply it. It is most frethen, we have a living commentary quently used for this purpose by New on the principles of christianity; a Testament writers.
The apostle specimen of what godliness, in fallen James employs Elias' example to exmen, should and will be ; a proof of cite Christians to prayer. The same the practicability of true religion, and apostle points to that of Job, to enof its utility when brought into con- courage them to perseverance. Peter tact with the actual world. In short, adduces the case of Lot, to strengthen we have godliness embodied, living brethren that are tempted. Paul, and acting, fulfiling its design, and still speaking of the elders who " by
same as ours,
faith obtained a good report,” calls of the strongest and most robust dethem “ a great cloud of witnesses.” scription. Moreover, they were holy In all these instances, excitement is men-men whose holiness kept pace the chief object of these apostles. with their other dignities, and who They wish to provoke the people of shone brighter in its beauties than God to emulation. By showing what in their earthly crowns.
“ Through grace has done, they would let us see faith they subdued kingdoms, wrought what it can do for human character, righteousness, obtained promises, that we may be encouraged to strive stopped the mouths of lions, quenchafter the mark of the prize. And the ed the violence of fire, escaped the means they employ are well fitted for edge of the sword, out of weakness their purpose. Old Testament saints were made strong, waxed valiant in were not only holy, but remarkable, fight, turned to fight the armies of men. Their antiquity is venerable. the aliens. Women received their Living near the beginning of the dead raised to life again ; and others world, their very position has some- were tortured, not accepting deliverthing commanding in it. They are the ance that they might obtain a better honoured founders of the Christian resurrection; and others had trial family, the beginning of its strength, of cruel mockings and scourgings, the sires from whom have descended yea, moreover of bonds and imprisonsome of its most illustrious sons, and ment; they were stoned, they were to whom we are indebted for much sawn asunder, were tempted, were that is valuable in its patrimony. slain with the sword; they wandered Some of them were Israelites, to about in sheepskins and goatskins, whom pertained the adoption, and being destitute, afllicted, tormented ; the glory, and the covenants, and the of whom the world was not worthy; giving of the law, and the service of they wandered in deserts and in God, and the promises; whose are nountains, and in dens and caves of the fathers, and of whom as con- the earth.” There is here much to cerning the flesh Christ came, who is animate as well as instruct, to stir over all, God blessed for ever. Not the soul to its profoundest depths, to a few of them were inen of rank, as give birth to the loftiest purposes, well as of the most commanding and to call into vigorous action all talents—talents, which would bave the energies of the Christian spirit, brought them honour in any country, in the prosecuting of its high calling. and in any age. The times in which “Wherefore, seeing we also are comthey lived were most eventful and passed about with so great a cloud of exciting, and therefore favourable for witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, the development of the grander attri- and the sin which doth so easily beset butes of character of which they seem us, and let us run with patience the to have been the possessors. Many race that is set before us." of them lived during very momen
4. It is intended to furnish beacons, tous and critical periods in the his- to warn Christians of the danger to tory of their race, and acted parts, be apprehended from neglecting or the most important, in the promot- trilling with the rule. That the ing of its well-being. Their personal example of Old Testament saints is history is thus interwoven with events fitted for this, is alas! but too eviof the most stupendous character, dent. With all their excellencies which lend a dignity to the men, and they were men, verily, “ having inunite in claiming for them our pro- firmity.” And their infirmities were foundest reverence. The latest of as remarkable as their excellencies. them figured on a wide field, and amid The sins recorded of them are few stirring scenes, and their virtues were but aggravated, dark in their other
wise pure and lovely characters. This that spiritual rock that followed them ; circumstance, so lamentable in itself, and that rock was Christ. But with only the better fits them for being many of them God was not well beacons to others. The sins of such pleased, for they were overthrown in men, especially such sins as those by the wilderness. Now these things which Old Testament saints were were our examples, to the intent we overtaken, followed by the conse- should not lust after evil things as quences which followed them in the they also lusted. Neither be ye idopresent life,—the grief, the misery, laters as were some of them; as it is the degradation, and the loss, together written, the people sat down to eat with the causes of their fall, and the and drink, and rose up to play. Neiway by which souls so lofty were led ther let us commit fornication as to stoop so low,—must be fitted, in some of them committed, and fell in the highest degree, for being examples one day three-and-twenty thousand. unto 56 those that after should live Neither let us tempt Christ as some ungodly.” For this, then, it is de- of them also tempted, and were designed, as we learn from these words stroyed of serpents. Neither murof an apostle. “Moreover, brethren, mur ye as some of them also murI would not that ye should be igno- mured, and were destroyed of the rant, how that all our fathers were un- destroyer. Now all these things der the cloud, and all passed through happened unto them for examples, the sea; and were all baptized unto and they are written for our admoniMoses in the cloud and in the sea; tion, upon whom the ends of the and did all eat the same spiritual world are come.” “ Therefore, let meat; and did all drink the same him that thinketh le standeth, take spiritual drink; for they drank of heed lest he fall.” H. L. S.
THE BISIIOP OF EXETER AND MR SHORE.
EVANGELICALclergymen of the Church and yet they identify themselves with of England should not obtain unqua- those who do preach another gospel, lified sympathy from Dissenters. We and who are very far from being must commend them for their attach- angels. Perhaps their leading error ment to the genuine gospel, and for is a superstitious reverence for the their opposition to Puseyism as a vast ecclesiastical institution to whicli system of doctrines, ceremonies, and they belong. With all its corruprule ; but we have to reprobate their tions as a church, still, as an Estatimidity in not abandoning the Esta- blished Church, it is sacred to their blishment, within which the gospel is hearts. The leper is royal, and suppressed, and Puseyism prevails, so therefore not so loathsome as an inwidely. If they embrace primitive fected beggar. They shake their Christianity, they also cling to an heads ruefully at its spiritual characapostate church. Like Lot, they are ter; but they uncover and bow their godly men themselves; but, like him heads reverently before its secular also, the consideration of the “ well- grandeur. They know and declare watered plains," and secular advan. it to be fearfully degenerate, with no tages, has determined them to dwell prospect of being reformed; and yet among very uncongenial neighbours. they shrink with horror from the They have excellent principles; but idea of becoming sectaries. Thoughi they are less choice in their company. ICHABOD be inscribed on its walls, a They would not receive another gos- fictitious glitter still remains to cappel at the hands of an angel even; tivate and hold them. We are led
to ask, if, in this strange attachment is endeavouring to make Mr Shore to the Church of England, evangeli- a caricature of Melchizedek--a priest cals are not proving themselves to be without end of days! In virtue of leavened with much of the spirit of the old and barbarous canon to which Puseyism ? Are they not demon- we have referred, there can be no strating that they deem forms more renegade, no backslider, from the important than essences; external as- ministry of the Church of England. sociations dearer than spiritual union; Enter it, and you are within a trap and that they prefer an Established from which escape is impossible, unChurch, howsoever corrupted, to a pure less the bishop be graciously moved church which has no alliance with to release you. You may cry outthe state? We wish to know, tchat “ Conscience, conscience !” but the kind and amount of error in the Church bishop will tell you peremptorily of England would really drive the evan- that you are a prisoner for life. gelicals out of her ? What is the po- The Church of England, which sitive good for the sake of which some call the Ark of God, turns they forbear with so much that they out to be the “ old oak chest” of reckon evil? And what are the ex- the song ; - get into it, and it treme limits of their forbearance ? closes with a spring-lock. We DisThey never can be reformers in that senters have many grievances, but church; and why not be dissenters none so intolerable as this under from her?
which the conscientious clergy of the But these present times have wit- English Establishment labour. The nessed a very singular barrier erected Toleration Act is poor enough, yet against such bold and honest move- we do get benefit from it; but there ments on the part of evangelicals be- is no Toleration Act at all for those longing to the Testablishment; though, faithful ministers who may resolve to with a solitary exception, the evan- come forth from the Establishment, gelicals can take no credit for having and preach in "unconsecrated chatested whether there was a barrier pels.” They are in the hands of or not. They were not rushing out such a jailer as the Bishop of Exeby bundreds or by fifties, when the He cannot hinder them from Bishop of Exeter interposed with the becoming infidels, but he may hinder old and unexpected canon, -- " No them from ceasing to be clergymen man, being admitted a deacon or of the Church of England. They minister, shall from henceforth vo- may lay aside all those principles luntarily relinquish the same, upon and views which that church requires, pain of excommunication.” Poor, but they may avow themselves her thohonest and courageous Mr Shore, rough enemies; yet the Bishop may alone, bas felt that he cannot divest hold them fast as his and her serhimself of orders as a clergyman of vants and children! Why, Mr Shore the Church of England, and be a disowns all connexion with the Bishop Dissenter. He is worthy to receive and the Establishment-he maintains our full sympathy, and we trust that antagonistic sentiments upon almost the attention of British noncon- every point about which complete formists will be turned to one who is unanimity is essential to ecclesiastical suffering under a tyranny most vexa- communion-yet the Bishop wont retious and inexcusable. Here is a man lease him from “orders ;” and, if Mr who repudiates the “holy orders” of Shore act as a Dissenter, it is at the the English Church, and yet he is peril of secular property and liberty. compelled to wear them! Henry of Ile is forced, against his conscience, Exeter binds them fast upon him as to continue within the pale of the if they were original sin. The bishop Establishment.
Our readers will acknowledge that tion; whilst previously the bishop this is as startling a case of tyranny as had taken a pledge from the vicar, could occur. It may be well to state that Mr Shore should not be nomibriefly the history of the matter. In- nated! Did a bishop ever play a part formation concerning Mr Shore is of more outrageous juggling and sure to awaken sympathy towards hypocrisy ? Such conduct would him, and indignation against enry unseat a gentleman, would excomof Exeter. The former is a martyr municate a Christian. But, alas ! it in the strictest sense of that term does not sink a bishop! His lawn which, in modern times, is used can absorb all kinds of dirtiness and with too much latitude; and the pollution, and look as clean as before. latter is a persecutor, who has been After all this disgraceful trickery, born too late for the joys of scaffold- Henry of Exeter can rise in the building
House of Lords, to reprobate the Jews Mr Shore, nineteen years ago, ob- for their low cunning! Mr Shore, on tained the curacy of the parish of not obtaining the nomination, was Berry-Pomeroy, Devon, which is prohibited by the bishop from “ persituated in the diocese of Exeter. In forming any clerical offices within 1832, the Duke of Somerset built a the parish of Berry-Pomeroy." This chapel of ease at Bridgetown—a vil- was the result which the bishop lage in the same parish ; and to it aimed at from the beginning, and Mr Shore was transferred, being no- which he brought about by unclean minated by the vicar, and licensed by hands. For six months Mr Shore the bishop. Though the vicar died submitted to the episcopal injunction, in 1834, Mr Shore still remained though no minister had been appointcurate, without a new nomination or ed to the chapel. At length the license being demanded. At this Duke of Somerset, valuing Mr Shore's date, Puseyism had not developed past labours, had the chapel registeritself, otherwise the bishop would ed as a dissenting place of worship; have taken measures for removing a and Mr Shore who, on examination, curate whose evangelical preaching saw grounds for abandoning the would have been obnoxious. The ministry and communion of the heresy had not as yet arisen to battle Church of England, conformed to with the truth. But, by and by, the all the provisions of the act of toleOxford Theology appeared, and was ration, was registered and licensed congenial and welcome to him of as a dissenting minister, and began Exeter. He looked with hatred on to preach in the chapel. He, at the the clergy who denounced Romanism, same time, informed the bishop that and Mr Shore was the elect of his he conscientiously disclaimed his vengeance. In 1843, Mr Shore's jurisdiction, and that he had seceded vicar exchanged livings with the from the establishment. Surely Rev. W. Cosens, and then the bishop Henry would now rejoice that he insisted that Mr Shore should have a had parted with evangelical new nomination. When the curate plague, and removed one Protestant went to Mr Cosens to obtain this no- obstacle which stood in the way of mination, he learned that Mr Cosens the Church of England's conversion had distinctly engaged to the bishop, not to popery. Could he not have been to give hin the nomination, his spiritual contented enough with the thought, lordship having conveyed to Mr Cosens that the establishment had got quit the very worst impression about the poor of one friend to the “barbarous recurate. . Subsequently, Mr Shore re- formation ?” Could he not have ceived two letters from the bishop— surveyed his diocese, well satisfied urging him to procure the nomina- that the Puseyite Church bad now