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to the Assembly at next meeting, if that previous year, 110 probationers and 116
superintendence of their agents. The num-
Free Church had neither church nor station
was 232; but every old original parish
THIE VOLUNTARY CONTROVERSY. the number of Free Churches 701. After The spirit of agitation against church defraying all expenses, L.600 remained in establishments has revived in its strength, the hands of the committee, with all the after its recent lull. The British Antichurches free of debt. The sustentation State Church Association, resolved to carry fund amounted to L.88,974, showing an in their light on this question to the darkest crease of L.5856 on the year as compared corner of the land, held a meeting on the with the preceding. Of the 701 congre- 8th June, in Hanover Square Rooms, the gations, thirty-one contributed less than most aristocratic and fashionable quarter L.25 annually; 158 contributed less than of London ; and the demonstration of taL.50 ; 450 contributed less than L.100. lent and influence on the occasion, marks Two-thirds of the number of congregations a decided accession of strength to the raise less than one-third of the fund. To movement. Besides Mr Miall, Mr Bur'supply the deficiency of these two-thirds net, and Dr Price, the long-tried and well(450 churches) required L.30,728 for the approved advocates of the association; Mr year. To each of the 596 ministers entitled Gardner, late M.P. for Leicester; Mr Kerto the equal dividend, the stipend yielded shaw, M. P. for Stockport ; Mr George by the fund for the year 1847-8, was L.128. Thompson, M.P. for the Tower Hamlets; Mr It was agreed to prosecute immediately and Sharman Crawford, M.P. for Rochdale ; vigorously the scheme to raise the minimum Mr Lushington, M.P. for Westminster; and of every ordained and settled minister in Dr Archer of London, were present, and, the church to L.150. The home mission in able addresses, gave in their adherence committee had in their employment, the to the society. We cannot doubt that the
summer campaign, thus favourably begun, to the Government. By a violation of will be followed up extensively throughout justice almost as flagrant, though not on the country. Mr Bright is under promise the same magnificent scale, as that under to bring the subject before the House of which their country had been suffering, Commons at the first opportunity; having some of the oppressed caste refused, the given notice of his intention to oppose the other day, in their capacity as jurymen, in customary votes for the Irish Regium Do- the trial of certain political offenders, to num, and for ecclesiastical purposes in the bring in a verdict of guilty, where the facts colonies, whenever the grants shall be pro- proving the issue were as plain as evidence posed. The question, in some of its prin- could make them. Not to be outdone in cipal elements, will occupy the attention of this fashion, the Government proceeded, in both Houses, in the discussion which must another case, to gain their purpose by a follow Lord John Russell's pledge on the piece of legal dexterity. On the 26th May, part of Government to re-introduce the John Mitchell, the editor of a Dublin ReJewish Disabilities Bill early next session. peal newspaper, was found guilty of sediOur Scottish metropolis, with its disgrace- tion, by a jury from which the prosecutors ful exhibition of state churcbism, in the had carefully struck off the names of every roupings for ministers' stipend which have man professing the religion of the mass of been going on last week, amidst the hoot- the Irish people; and the prisoner was conings and execrations of the public, is fur- demned to fourteen years' transportation nishing its quota for the successful agita- beyond seas. That Mitchell and his party tion of the controversy. Altogether, there- have any right to complain of this treatfore, there is no likelihood that the Volun
ment, we by no means allow. They had taries, whether of Scotland or England, succeeded in defeating the authorities, by will, with all their desire to live at peace, abusing the law of trial by jury ; and if be permitted to fall into the state of qui- they, in their turn, have been defeated by escence from which, in some districts of a dexterous working of the same law, they the country, they have but recently been have merely lost the game to which they roused.
had challenged their enemies, and lost it Nor is the discussion to be confined to on their own avowed rules. That the verour own country. We have formerly no- dict so procured will be of any service, as ticed how it has spread in France, amidst a measure of government for Ireland, we the sifting times of the Revolution ; and hold to be a very different question. It is we learn that the same feature has marked
causing deep regret in many lovers of fair the political agitations in Germany. In a play, notwithstanding they were well perParis paper-Ere Nouvelle-understood as suaded that Mitchell deserved his sentence. representing the sentiments of Father La- It reveals, in a new and horrible aspect, cordaire, the famous priest-deputy to the the sad misgovernment of Ireland, and the National Assembly, it is said,-“ A meeting wretched fruits of her church establishhas been held at Bonn, with the object of ment; which, for all the wealth it has deconsidering the subjects which affect the voured, has left, as this verdict would seem different reformed communities. So far to imply, the whole Roman Catholic poputhere has been shown a general tendency lation-seven millions of people--in such a in favour of a complete separation between condition of abject ignorance and utter Church and State. Those who take the godlessness, that not one of them can be opposite side, can hardly obtain a hearing: trusted by British rulers to declare the they are at once repulsed in the name of truth upon their oath! It has served to freedom."
scatter the seeds of disaffection more widely than before, both in Great Britain and Ireland, and seems to be uniting the two
classes of Irish Repealers, whose former The difficulties which beset the Whig Go- divisions were a source of weakness to their vernment are thickening every week, and
At numerous meetings of the incapacity of the ruling party to deal a seditious character, held in London and with them becoming evermore apparent. some of the larger towns, Mitchell's transBy a flagrant violation of justice on the portation lias been made the most of as a part of the British Governinent, the millions theme of popular excitement ; and variof Ireland had been condemned to degra- ous apprehensions of leading orators at dation and toil for the support of an aris- these meetings have taken place, furnishing tocratic and alien church. The wretched the materials of future political trials, from results of this oppression, as affecting the which no good can be expected to the inintellectual and moral character of the terests of the Whig Government. It is people, had been too often manifest ; and, alleged, that offers are made to purchase latterly, had shown themselves in a way the abandonment of the Repeal agitation, which gave much mortification and chagrin by surrendering the Established Church,
THE BRITISII GOVERNMENT AND IRELAND.
and by endowing the Romanists of Ireland; REJECTION OF THE JEWISH DISABILITIES and that these offers have been rejected by the heads of the Romish Church, to whom -as if the price exacted were in their The House of Lords, in the exercise of its keeping—it is affirmed the proposition had function of obstructiveness, has rejected been made. We cannot say we believe in this bill on its second reading (May 25) by this report, so far as concerns the aban- a majority of 163 to 128. No one acdonment of the church revenues by the quainted with the consuetudinary practice Whigs; but that such surmises are affirmed of the House in matters of reform will be as truths, and apparently believed, shows surprised at this result. With a bench of the opinion held as to the consistency and bishops drawing immense revenues from an talent for contrivance possessed by the pre- established church, and a multitude of sent Government. The depression and peers, of every grade, directly interested in weakness of the Pope having caused a post- its continuance as they value the prosperity ponement, sine die, of the bill for diplo- of their families, it is not wonderful that a matic relations with Rorne, as if all hope measure involving in it the principle of reof quieting Ireland' by Papal rescripts were ligious equality, and, by consequence, infor the present at an end, no one can say to ferring the overthrow of a church estawhat desperate expedient the ministry may blishment, should be viewed, in that House, be driven.
with trembling reluctance. The rejection of the bill on this occasion no more dis
tresses than surprises us. We expect more AGITATION FOR PROGRESSIVE REFORM.
good from the continued discussion of the It has often happened that, when the issue question than we could from its immediate of a battle was trembling in the balance, a settlement; and as their lordships have deslight blunder, a trifling oversight, on the termined that it shall run the gauntlet of part of one of the leaders, has opened the another Parliamentary debate, we, as sound way for securing the triumph to his adver- voluntaries, trusting in the power of the sary. The Prime Minister seems to have truth, and the efficacy of open enquiry in made one of these little mistakes, in resist- eliciting truth, do heartily rejoice in the ing the demand for progressive reform. favour they have unwittingly yielded us. In the course of a discussion in the Ilouse Much valuable doctrine, closely bearing on of Commons, two or three weeks ago, when the voluntary question, was uttered in the certain claims were urged by one speaker House of Commons when the bill was in in behalf of what is called the people's progress there; and though the scintillacharter, and by another in behalf of the tions have not been so brilliant in the new reform movement-each claiming to Upper House, they too are not without some speak the sentiments of the working classes importance. Lord Canning proclaimed to -Lord John Russell, as if seeing a capital the bishops and the peers at large the opportunity for raising a laugh against both growing aversion of all classes in this counsides, ventured to affirm that the working try, not excepting churchmen themselves, classes were in favour of neither, but sup- towards the practice of excluding men ported the measures of her Majesty's Go- from rights and privileges on any ground of vernment! If his object was to raise a religious opinion. Our young Scottish laugh, he succeeded ; for the House, as if duke, Argyll, in his maiden speech, gave determined to resist the influence of these promise of a useful and practical career as gloomy times, has been particularly mirth- a legislator ; not indeed grappling with ful of late when great questions have been what we deem the higher merits of the discussed, “whistling aloud to keep their case, but at least exposing the inconsiscourage up;", but the speaker forgot how tency of those who, on professedly religious much a joke depends on the way in which grounds, would exclude the Jew from poliit is uttered, and the trim of the party tical privileges while they admit the Unitahearing it. The people out of doors, not rian, who robs the Saviour of his divine hearing the speaker, and not appreciating honours, and reduces him to the level of a the wit, have understood the Premier's de- creature. The House of Lords, if we misclaration as a statement of the Government take not, will soon find that they have idea in respect to the state of the country, gained little for the cause of exclusive and are every where taking means to point churchism by allowing this bill to hang in out the grievous delusion under which they the wind so long. presume him to be labouring. We have no doubt that the multitude of representations forwarded to Government within the next month, will be sufficient to make the Premier In the May number of L'Eco di Savonarola, wish that he had resisted the temptation to a Protestant monthly periodical published perpetrate that memorable joke.
in Italy, it is declared that there are up
ITALIAN PRIESTS AND CELIBACY.
wards of fifty Italian priests who intend to with a body north the Twerd, holding views leave the Church of Rome, if the Pope in doctrine and government corresponding will not permit them to take lawful wives. with their own, it is surely unjust, and we When it is remembered how much the trust it will not be found lawful, that for law of priestly celibacy was concerned in this they should now be set aside in favour the great reformation from Popery, when of the Independents-a body to which Lady the scandalous character of ecclesiastical Hewley did not belong, and with whom she houses raised the fury of the multitude, had far less in common
than with the parand compelled the purer minded among ties sought to be excluded. the clergy themselves to abandon an order so infamous, the announcement of this in
STATISTICS OF RELIGIOUS AND BENEVOLENT tention on the part of fifty priests, is a fact
INSTITUTIONS. of much significance as to the cause of reformation in Italy. That the Pope will (Collected by thc Patriot from the Last Annual concede the demand made upon him is not
Reports.) to be imagined. Were he to yield it in the The respective incomes are calculated case of fifty, he might soon have a similar upon an average of the last three years. demand from as many thousands, and he During the year 1847-8, the receipts of knows well, that once the kindly influences nearly all the Societies show a decrease as of the domestic hearth, and the legitimate compared with the preceding year--a cirbonds of conjugal and paternal affection cumstance attributed to the monetary pres. are permitted access to the priest's heart, the sacerdotal order could no longer be British and Foreign Bible Society.--Estrusted to serve the ends for which it is tablished in 1804. Has circulated more needed by the despotism of the Papacy. than 20,000,000 copies of the Scripture in
nearly every known language or dialect.
gross expenditure has exceeded
L.3,000,000 Average annual income, The Vice-chancellor of England, on the 7th L.115,000. June, pronounced judgment in this case, Church Missionary Society.—Established excluding the orthodox Presbyterians in in 1800. Has stations in East and West England who have any ecclesiastical con- Africa, India, China, the Mediterranean, nexion with Scotland, from participating in North West America, the West Indies, and the benefits of the charity. The original New Zealand. Annual income, L.116,000, deed of the testatrix prescribes, that the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel fund be expended in assisting “
in Foreign Parts.- Incorporated in 1701. godly preachers of Christ's holy gospel” Has stations in the East and West Indies, in the six northern counties of England. the Canadas, Australia, New Zealand, Van By a decision of the Court of Chancery in Diemen's Land, Nova Scotia, New Bruns1836, it was ruled that the assistance should wick, and Cape Town. Average income, be confined to orthodox dissenters only, in L.95,000. distinction from the Unitarians, who pre- Society for Promoting Christian Knowviously enjoyed it. At the time of this de- ledge.-Established in 1698. Circulates cision, the congregations of Presbyterians about 4,000,000 a-year of Bibles, Prayerholding connexion with the Church of Scot- books, Tracts, and other approved works. land, and with the Secession and Relief Average annual income, L.90,000. Churches, claimed to participate in the Society for Building, Enlarging, and Refunds, inasmuch as their position answered pairing of Churches and Chapels.—Estathe description of the original deed; but blished in 1818. Has expended L.327,000 this was resisted by the English Indepen- in grants, by which additional church room dents, and a suit commenced in which the has been provided for 575,000 persons. judgment of the Vice-chancellor has only Average annual income, L.24,000. now been pronounced. There is still an Church Pastoral Aid Society.—Establishappeal open to the Lord Chancellor, and ed in 1836. Contributes to the stipends of we cannot doubt but that this appeal will poor curates, and provides lay assistants. be taken. Some of the congregations whose Average annual income, L.45,000. claims the Vice-chancellor would reject, British and Foreign School Society.--Escan trace their history as far back as the tablished in 1808. The Lancasterian system times of Lady Hewley; and if, when the so- is pursued. Young persons of both sexes called Presbyterians around them were laps- are trained in the central school, Borough ing into that heresy, for the sake of which Road. Upwards of 30,000 admitted since they were, in 1836, compelled by law and the foundation. Average annual income, justice to surrender funds left for the sup- L. 15,000. port of a pure gospel, these congregations Religious Tract Society. — Established sought to strengthen their faith by alliance 1799. Circulates about 25,000,000 cheap
books and tracts every year. The sales Irish Evangelical Society.- Established produce generally L.50,000, which, with do- in 1834. Average annual income, L.2500. nations and subscriptions, give an average Naval and Military Bible Society.—Estaannual income of L.57,000.
blished in 1780.— Circulates authorised verWesleyan Methodist Missionary Society.- sions of the Scriptures amongst soldiers, Commenced in 1786, but not organized till sailors, and canal boatmen. Has issued 1816. Has Missionary stations in Northern 500,000 Bibles and Testaments since its forand Western Africa, North America, Aus- mation. Average annual income, L.2500. tralasia, China, British India, New Zealand, Colonial Missionary Society:-Has stathe Canadas, and some of the Continental tions in Canada and Australia. Average States. Average annual income, L.116,000. annual income, L.2500.
London Missionary Society.—Established Christian Instruction Society. -Establishin 1794. Has nearly 500 stations in various ed in 1825. Average annual income, L.600. parts of the world, and fifteen printing esta- Indigent Blind Visiting Society. — Establishments. No peculiar formula is insist- blished in 1834. Average annual income, ed upon. Average annual income, L.75,000. L.650.
Baptist Missionary Society.--Established Protestant Association. -- Established in in 1792. Has Missionary stations in Asia, 1835. Average annual income, L. 1500. Africa, America, and in most of the Euro- Sunday School Union.—Established in pean States. Has printed, in whole or in 1803. Average annual income, L. 1600. part, nearly 1,000,000 copies of the Scrip- Adult Deaf and Dumb Institution.—Estatures. Average annual income, L.28,000. blished in 1841. Average annual income,
London City Mission. — Established in L.900. 1836. Circulates the Scriptures and visits British and Forcign Sailors' Society.the poor in London of every religious Established in 1818. Employs fifteen agents denomination. Average annual income, in the port of London. Average annual L.14,000.
income, L.1200. Methodist New Connexion Mission.-Ope- British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society, rations confined strictly to Ireland and the -Established in 1839. Average annual Canadas. Has 54 Missionaries. Average income, L.1850. annual income, L.3000.
Orphan Working School.-Established in Newfoundland's School Society. --- Esta. 1758. There are at present 180 orphans of blished in 1822. Average annual income, both sexes in the school. Average annual L.4000.
income, L.12,500. London Society for Promoting Christi- New Infant Orphan Asylum.-- There are anity amongst the Jews. — Established in
seventy children on the foundation. Are1808. Average annual income, L.28,000. rage annual income, L.2800.
British Society for Propagation of the Clergy Orphan Corporation.— Established Gospel amongst the Jews.--Established in
in 1725. Upwards of 200 children of both 1842, Has sixteen missionaries. Has sexes are on the foundation, where they are founded a Missionary Jewish College, where fed, clothed, and educated, until of an age eight young converts are in training. Aver- to be apprenticed. Average annual inage annual income, L.2300.
come, L.4500. Colonial Church Society.--- Established in Friends of Foreigners in Distress.—Esta1832. Has forty-eight missionaries in the blished in 1828. Relieves poor foreigners West Indies, Malta, France, Spain, Western of all nations. Average annual income, Australia, Nova Scotia, Cape of Good Hope, L.2500. New Brunswick, Prince Edward's Island, Trinitarian Bible Society.—Established in the Canadas, and New Zealand. Average 1831. Average annual income, L. 1500. annual income, L.4000.
Cheltenham Training Schools.—EstablishForeign Aid Society.—Established in 1841, ed in 1845, for the instruction of masters in aid of the Sociéles Evangeliques of France and mistresses upon principles conformable and Geneva. Average annual income, with the liturgy of the Church of England. L.5250.
The association has received L.6500, inHome Missionary Society. Employs cluding a grant of L.3000 from the Educaforty-eight missionaries, and has 125 sta- tional Committee of Council; but L.2500 tions in England and Wales. Average an- more is required for the erection of the pronual income, L.8000.
Printed by THOMAS MUNRAY, of No. 2 Arniston Place, and William Gibb, of No. 12
Queen Street, at the Printing Office of MURRAY and Gibb, North-East Thistle Street Lane, and Published by William OLIPhant, of No. 21 Buccleuch Place, at his Shop, No. 7 South Bridge, Edinburgh, on the 27th June 1818.