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is made up.
account which all must give of their steward- to his master of wasting his goods. The man ship.” These are the topics of three of the was a blackguard. He was an accomplished discourses. The other two are on “youthful villain, a clever scoundrel. He saw that he piety," and " the consolations of believing not, in the circumstances, expect to get another
was about to lose his situation. He would parents on the death of their children.” One
of the same kind. His character was discannot but feel, in reading the three last ser
covered, and no one would trust him. He mons in the volume, that circumstances of could not dig. He had not been accustomed very solemn interest attach to them. As the to such menial labour, and perhaps he was editor states in the preface, they were the last not disposed to try to learn it; and to beg he sermons which the author wrote; and though was ashamed. Well, what does he do? His written, they were never preached. On his
object is to get a comfortable home, with as death-bed, holding the note book which con
little trouble as possible to himself. His mind tained them in his hand, and turning over
He calls together his lord's
debtors, all of them; and he said unto the the leaves, he said to his wife, “ I had great first, How much owest thou unto my lord ? pleasure in writing these sermons : they And he said, An hundred measures of oil. will never be delivered ; but I think they And he said unto him, Take thy bill, and sit were blessed to myself.” We rejoice that,
down quickly, and write fifty.' And in this by their publication, the author “ being dead,
way, no doubt, he went over them all. We yet speaketh :” and we are confident that by man,
his consummate cunning, the admirable
see in all this the worldly wisdom of the this means, though he sowed in tears, he will adaptation of the means which he employed to reap a harvest of usefulness, long after his
secure his object. In the first place, he does what body has mouldered into dust.
the debtors would regard as a favour. This As the biographical sketch of Mr Tod, would dispose them, from gratitude, to show him prefixed to these sermons, appeared, with kindness, and when he had no house of his own some abridgement, in our pages, it is unne
to receive him into their houses. Then he
showed this favour not merely to some of cessary to advert to it further than to say,
them, to one or two of them, but to the whole that it is throughout characterised by that
of them, to every one of them. Thus he sejudiciousness and skill which Dr Peddie
cured houses to which he could go; and when exemplifies in the biographical efforts of his
the generosity of one was exhausted he could pen. The notice by Mr Brodie, of the betake himself to another. Then, he not only eldest son of Mr Tod, contained in the Ap- does them a favour, but he makes them acpendix, is a fit companion to the Sketch. complices in his fraud. He does not write for We give the following felicitous exposi- them, but he makes them for themselves to
write down the amount of the debts ; and he tion of a passage of Scripture as a specimen of the discourses :
does not give them time to think what they
are doing, to ponder what might be the con« The children of this world are in their sequences of the fraud. "He said unto the generation wiser than the children of light. first, Take thy bill, and sit down quickly, and They are not absolutely wiser. The very re.. write fifty. 'I'hen said he unto another, And verse of this is the case. The latter only are how much owest thou ? And he said, An wise men, truly wise men, possessed of that hundred measures of wheat. And he said unto 'wisdom which is from above;' a wisdom him, Take thy bill, write fourscore.' He thus,
more precious than rubies, the merchandise as it were, gets their character into his keepof which is better than the merchandise of ing; and should they not prove so kind as he silver, and the price thereof than fine gold.' expected them to be, he could appeal not The former are fools, absolutely fools. Their merely to their gratitude but to their fears, by very wisdom is foolishness; this their way threatening to discover what they had conis their folly. The statement, however, of curred with him in doing. The whole method the Saviour is, that in their generation they of procedure, then, was admirably adapted to are wiser than the children of light. The secure his object, to induce them when he was meaning is, that in their own sphere, in ma- put out of his office to receive him into their naging their worldly matters, in prosecuting houses. Accordingly, we are told that the their worldly objects, in gaining their worldly Lord commended the unjust steward, because ends, they show a greater degree of wis- he had done wisely.' This does not mean dom; they adopt the appropriate means; they that he approved of his conduct, that he comemploy these with greater vigour and energy ; mended its injustice. He was not likely to do they prosecute the object more perseveringly; so when he himself was the sufferer, but simply they stick to it more tenaciously than, gene- that he admired its worldly wisdom, the ingerally speaking, the children of light do in their nuity of the plan he had contrived and adoptparticular sphere,--that is, in caring for the ed to meet and to modify the consequences of things of their souls, and in prosecuting what his misconduct. Here, then, we have an ilas the children of light, should be the great lustration of the wisdom which, in their geneobject of their lives, the promoting, in subser- ration, or in their own peculiar sphere, the chilviency to the glory of God, their own spiritual dren of this world often manifest, and in which and eternal welfare.
they so often surpass the children of light; “ The case adduced, illustrative of this state- and though not in the inimoral principle of his ment, is exceedingly appropriate. It is that conduct, yet in its wisdom, in the skilful adapof an unjust steward, who has been accused tation of the means employed to gain the end, the discourse, but as a summary of the stamped with the admiring approval of our
his conduct is recorded for our imitation; that satisfaction to the members of the United is to say, that in their generation, in their Presbyterian Church, to reflect that the particular sphere, and in the highest prin- father of the Synod, and its first moderator, ciples on which they act, the children of light should send down to posterity such a proshould seek to be equally guided by wisdom,
duction as a symbol of the views and spirit by a skilful and persevering employment of
of the body at the date of its formation, means to promote their spiritual well-being,
We sincerely believe that the rich scriptural and to gain the great end whicb, as children of light, they have in view."
divinity in which the sermon abounds, the
close and compact thought, and the generTHE CHURCH ONE IN CHRIST: a Sermon ous catholicity of sentiment which it dis
preached before the Synod of the United plays, will cause it to be referred to as an Presbyterian Church, October 1847. By exponent of Christian principles many days WILLIAM Kidston, D.D., Glasgow.
hence; and when the universal church, alGlasgow : D. Robertson.
ready one in Christ Jesus, shall be much
farther advanced than it is now toward the Ir is unnecessary, and would be in bad
visible union which awaits it. taste, for us to offer any formal commen
We quote, not simply as a specimen of dation of a discourse which has already been
doctrine held by the United Church, an church in her assembled capacity. We
extract from the author's illustration of the listened with mingled veneration and de
unity of faith prevailing among all true light to Dr Kidston's sermon when it was Christians. delivered before the Synod, and having had “ The distinction between fundamental occasion, in referring to it before, to record
truths, and those which are of inferior imthe opinion entertained respecting it by the portance, is fully sanctioned by the unerring esteemed professor who moved the court standard of faith and practice. That any for its publication, it may be sufficient for thing which God has revealed in the scripture us now simply to express with what plea- may lawfully be regarded as a matter of insure we announce that the author has con- difference, is a position utterly inadmissible. ceded to the request of his brethren. The
To think or to speak in this manner is to pour subject is the union of the Christian church
contempt on the Author of the sacred volume. -a subject exciting, as it does at the pre
It is in effect to say, that the foolishness of
men is wiser than God. When he speaks to sent moment, more attention throughout
his rational offspring, they are bound to hear Christendom than it has done since the
with reverence to hear with a willing and Pentecostal era, and being in.beautiful har- an obedient ear. To fix and determine parmony with the occasion, the first meeting ticularly those truths which must be regarded of the united Synod after the act of union. as fundamental, would be a difficult, a delicate, The topics educed for illustration from the perhaps a presumptuous undertaking. Weré text (Gal. iii. 28) are two:—The founda
I to give a short summary of the great truths tion of Christian Unity, and the near rela
which must be known and believed to the tion which, in virtue of it, is formed be
saving of the soul,--of those truths without tween all true Christians. The legal and
the knowledge and the faith of which there is
no salvation for any of our race, it would be mystical union subsisting between Christ
comprehended in two articles. These are the and his people ; its origin in divine grace, following :- 1st,"Justification by faith, without its close intimacy, its happy results, its in- the works of the law, which is appropriately dissoluble nature, are pointed out, under described by Luther as the article by which the first head, with that clear theological the church must stand or fall; and 2dly, Sancdiscrimination which only the student well tification by the word and by the Spirit of God, versed in systematic divinity can bring to
as the necessary result and the only decisive bear on such a discussion. The relation
evidence of being 'justified freely by the grace existing between all true Christians, and
of God, through the redemption which is in
Christ Jesus. These two short and plain resting on this common foundation of union
sentences either express, or do fairly imply, to Christ, is shown to be purely spiritual,
all that is peculiar--all that is essential to the and to be formed and maintained only by glorious gospel of the blessed God. If I unspiritual means; while its chief character- derstand and receive with the heart these two istic elements are that they who are thus articles, I must receive the doctrine of scriprelated form one body, the visible church ; ture, as to the existence of the Godhead in and have one spirit, one Lord, one faith.
three distinct persons,—the sovereign purVarious important practical principles are
pose of God according to election—the sudeduced from the subject. Among these,
preme Deity of the Saviour_his voluntary the spirituality of the Saviour's kingdom,
and vicarious obedience and sufferings—the its distinction from the governments of the
perfection of his work in his humbled state,
and his Father's acceptance of it—the perfecearth, and the incongruity of temporal pains tion and the immutable obligation of the law and penalties in promoting it, are exhibited
of righteousness—the necessity of holiness as in a pungent and forcible style.
an important part of salvation, and the seIt cannot fail we think, to prove a high curity for its attainment by all who are justi
fied by grace--and the warrant and duty of of value. Here we have two rare sixall to whom the gospel is sent, to believe on
penny-worths, co-operating, not competing, the Son of God to the saving of their souls. in the dissemination of ecclesiastical statisThese and other cognate articles of the faith
tics. The Congregational Calendar takes once delivered to the saints, enter into that creed which is not only in theory, according
an imperial range, compendicing an imto the measure of their knowledge, but ex
mense amount of information respecting all perimentally, received by all who have believ
the various religious denominations in Great ed through grace. That with saving truth, Britain, and giving special attention to the error, to a certain extent, may be blendedaffairs of Dissenting churches. The Clerical and that not of trivial import, must be ad- Almanack is more of a national affair, demitted; else we would pronounce a most un- tailing with minute fulness the concerns charitable and unjust sentence on not a few of the various religious bodies in Scotland. who give good evidence that they are living Both works sustain the good character they under the power of the gospel, and that their
had earned in former years, and both have heart is better than their head. It is our
our earnest commendation. duty 'to contend earnestly for the faith once delivered to the saints,' while certainly it is not required of us to pronounce sentence on Infant
Breathings, or Hymns for the Young. the state of individuals. This is the exclusive By JAMES EDMESTON. How will you Turn prerogative of the Judge of all the earth, in Out ?-The Quarrelsome Children-George whose hands we must leave them, where, with Washington, &c. &c. perfect safety, they may be left, and from
Edinburgh: W. P. Kennedy. whom we may be confident they will suffer no
We have here a large series of children's injustice.”
twopenny, and penny books, fitted for distri. The Congregational Calendar for 1848.
bution at this gift-bestowing season, among
the children of our Sabbath Schools. They London : Jackson and Walford.
are got up with much taste, and, as far as Wilson's Clerical Almanack for Scotland ;
we have examined them, display good feeland Civil and General Register for 1848.
ing, sound sentiment, and a just appreciaEdinburgh : Oliphant & Sons,
tion of what is needed to instruct and inAFTER all, there is no book so cheap as a terest the young.
Parents and Sabbath good Almanack, if the amount of actual teachers will be thankful for this accession information conveyed be a proper standard to the list of safe and suitable reward books.
DEATH OF MISSIONARIES.
Foreign Religious Intelligence.
mournful event will meet the eye of our
readers in another form elsewhere. The latest arrivals from some of the most The missionaries of the cross are the interesting fields of missions have brought
common property of the Church; and, when us tidings of grief and dismay; if it be
any of them are cut off, it matters not to lawful for us to indulge such emotions over what country or denomination they have any dispensation of God. Our own JAMESON belonged, the whole friends of the converhas fallen, in what is yet but the opening of sion of the heathen world will mingle their our Mission in Western Africa; and, though tears together. The last arrivals from China not permitted to take possession of that bring us an account of the fate of one of the land for the Redeemer, by establishing the Missionaries of the American Presbyterian kingdom of grace among its sable inhabi- Missionary Society, with such circumtants, yet, like the patriarchs of old, he has stances of detail as seem to leave no doubt with his bones taken possession of it as a of its accuracy.
The Rev. Walter M. land of promise ; dying in the faith that the Lowrie, who reached China in 1843, and seed of Christ will soon occupy it. His was stationed at Ningpo, had occasion in prayers are left behind him ; and we know May last to visit Shanghae, another of the not what the God of missions may accom
five ports open to foreign trade, being nearly plish even by his death.
As a pious young
100 miles to the north of it, in connexion friend remarked, there will be no human with the revisal, along with other Missionsacrifices at his burial ; and it may be that aries, of the translation of the New Testathis shall lead the blinded natives to reflect ment into Chinese. After spending some wherefore there should be such an effusion time with the brethren at Shanghae, he reof blood at the death of their own chiefs, quired to return for a little to his own staand yet none at the death of such a mes- tion. Betwixt the two cities, a firth of about senger of the God of heaven, who is in forty miles breadth required to be crossed. every moral respect higher than the highest On the morning of the 18th of August, he of their princes. But the details of this took his place in one of the common passage "Be still,
boats, which set sail about nine o'clock in the has just issued an ordnance, which is to be morning; and they had not proceeded above annexed to the military code of the empire, eight or ten miles, when they perceived a
granting to all Jewish soldiers exemption from piratical craft bearing down upon them. military service during their Sabbath and They were soon boarded, and the boat pil- feast-days, so as to allow them to repair re
gularly to the synagogue. The government laged; but though the pirates inflicted much
of Bavaria has just decided that Jews may personal injury on the crew, they did not
exercise the profession of advocates in that touch Mr Lowrie, or his servants; until, pero country. Till now there has only been one ceiving an American flag in his hand, it oc- Jew in all the kingdom permitted to act as curred to them that he would report them an advocate. In the province of Galicia, the to the authorities on his arrival at Chinghae.
Jews have been, for many ages, probibited This at once led them to the determination
from addicting themselves to agricultural purthat he must die; and having hesitated
suits, with numerous other restrictions, which whether they should directly fall upon him, callings. But these are so far modified by a
prevented them from following various honest or throw him overboard, the latter was de
regulation recently adopted by the civil aucided on; and two of them having attempted thorities, which grants liberty to the Jews to it in vain, a third came to their aid, and they possess and cultivate land. succeeded. He was seen coming ouice or On the other hand, disgraceful occurrences twice to the surface, and then he sunk to are occasionally taking place, which show that rise no more. His servants, of course, so
the cup of suffering of the Jewish people is not soon as they escaped from the danger, and yet exhausted; inasmuch as their unabated reached the nearest land, hastened to inform
enmity at Him whom their fathers crucified, the public authorities ; and both the Ameri- gives clear evidence that his blood is, with
their own consent, still upon their heads. It can and British agents are exerting their is humiliating to see that thirst for oppression influence for getting the perpetrators brought which appears to be inherent in human nato justice. Such awful and mysterious events ture, and, in the less enlightened states of baffle all our scrutiny into the Divine pro- society, is ever ready to burst forth upon its cedure; and while musing on them in the
victim on the most frivolous pretext. The heaviness of our minds, we can only hear a
Jewish people have long teen the victims of voice proclaiming from heaven,
insatiable cruelty in various lands, Christian
as well as Mohammedan, excited by absurd and know that I am God." The faith and
and antiquated calumnies against them, perseverance of the Church must not be
which, after refutation a thousand times, their staggered by these trials. Such men as heartless oppressors choose still to revive, and Jameson and Lowrie are the forlorn hope, the senseless mob to believe, whenever they who fall in the breach; others must, with the can find an excuse for renewing their cutstandard of the cross in their hands, hasten rages on that unhappy people. A short time to follow them, and take possession of the city. ago, at Konin, a town on the frontiers of
Poland, a Christian child having disappeared,
the usual report was industriously spread, The melancholy interest associated with this
that she had been stolen and sacrificed by the forlorn and outcast people, leads us to notice
Jews; and a witness offered evidence that he any incidents bearing upon their religious or
had seen her carried off. The populace was political condition, which transpire amid the fearfully excited and enraged ; and the head occurrences of the day. The progress of light, magistrate had the indiscretion to sumnion and the growth of liberal sentiment among
the chief rabbi, and demand from him that the nations, are gradually releasing them
the hapless sacrifice be given up, or the thief from the bonds and degradation with which
detected and surrendered. He, of course, they have been so long oppressed; and in
denied the fact with scorn; but the infuriatthe infliction of which Gentile nations have ed mob, having armed themselves with such delighted to sport themselves.
instruments of destruction as came to their much remains still to be done, even among
hands, crowded the streets, and though withthe nations of Europe, ere the Jews be freed
stood by a small company of military, were from all penal restrictions, and placed on an
preparing to assail the Jews and the military equal footing with their fellow citizens. And both, when a peasant suddenly appeared with it is therefore gratifying to observe symptoms
the child in his arms, which he had found of these nations feeling ashamed of such relics asleep on the common; and then the tumult of a barbarous age, and doing a little, and a was allayed. little of all that can be done towards a repar- More recently, at Galatz, in Turkey, a tuation of the wrongs of the Jewish people; and mult was excited by the presence of a Jew, in bringing about the period, when, among as a spectator, at the fooleries of their carnis the nations, as well as in the Christian church, val; in the course of which a young man, in there shall 6 be neither Greek nor Jew." breaking a window of a house of one of the The King of Sweden has commanded his Jews, got his hand cut, from which the blood minister of justice to prepare a law to admit flowed freely. A rumour was immediately Israelites to the enjoyment of civil rights in spread that a Jew had killed a Christian, in his dominions; from which they have been order to obtain his blood. And although the hitherto excluded. The Emperor of Russia governor at once interposed bis authority,
yet he was borne down by the fury of the chant having been insulted by a Turkish multitude, who rushed through the streets, woman, complained to the authorities; on looking for victims to their rage. They plun- which the populace immediately became exdered some houses of the Jews, broke into cited, and beat the man so violently that the synagogue, demolished all they found in his life was endangered. To cover the outit, and tore and trampled under foot the rolls rage, they accused him of having stolen a of the law. More than once these scenes of Turkish child, and got him arrested; and for outrage were renewed ; and it was owing to two days all the Jews who appeared in the the energetic interference of the Austrian and streets were insulted, and even ill treated. English consuls, in support of the governor, But by the interference of the foreign conthat the result was not more tragical. Only suls, an inquiry was instituted, when the one life was lost in the tumult; that of a Jew- Jew, being found guilty of no crime, was set ish child.
at liberty; and two Turks who had affirmed, The following occurrence at Damascus is on their oath, that he had stolen a child, were very lately reported :--A Jewish cloth-mer- sentenced to the galleys for life.
Intelligence.—United Presbyterian Church.
ADDRESS OF THE PERSONAL ABSTINENCE SO- to be done ? Surely with such an enemy in
CIETY TO THE MEMBERS OF THE UNITED the midst of us, we must sleep no longer. PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH.
Surely, in such a time of peril, our kindred, CHRISTIAN BRETHREN,--Those who now ad
our country, our religion, demand our instant
and united' energies. Surely every philandress you are Members of the PersoNAL thropist, every patriot, every Christian, is ABSTINENCE SOCIETY. This Association was bound to come forward at once, and do his formed in May 1845, and consists of ministers, utmost for the destruction of this great deelders, preachers, and students, belonging to stroyer of our race. the United Presbyterian Church. Its bond Let us proceed, therefore, to set before you of union is, “ Abstinence from all intoxi- our plan for its destruction. The plan is cating liquors ;” and its object, “the Sup- this : To abstain ourselves from all intoxipression of Intemperance by all scriptural cating drinks, and do every thing in our and proper means.
power, “ by all scriptural and proper means," In now addressing you on this subject, we to induce others to abstain. As to ourselves, are deeply in earnest. We wish every mem- we abstain, for our own safety and benefit ; ber of our Church to see clearly what is that we may be in a better position for the duty, in reference to this important matter; successful advocacy of the cause ; that we and, being fully persuaded in his own mind, may exhibit a protest against the drunkento act accordingly. And may we not take ness and drinking customs of our country, encouragement from the general character of and give encouragement and support to all our people from their intelligence-from that are inclined to follow our example ; betheir Christian principle--from their readi- cause, in the present circumstances of our ness to follow their convictions ? If, then, country, we believe abstinence to be one of any hostile feeling or prejudice has been en- the pressing duties of the day; and because, tertained by any of you against the cause, do such being our present convictions of present we ask too much when we say, -let it be laid duty, we would feel it to be wrong in us to aside, and give what is here submitted to you hold back. With regard to others -our ob. a fair and full consideration.
ject is, by open and honest argument, to Much has of late been spoken and written bring them to see as we see, and do as we about drunkenness; but the monster evil has have done. We wish, in conjunction with not yet been exhibited in all its hideousness. other abstainers, by sober but earnest discusDrunkenness is the disgrace of our so-called sion, to change the sentiments of our counChristian country. Look at it calmly and trymen regarding intoxicating drinks, believconsiderately-a country so full of Bibles and ing them to be thoroughly erroneous. And Sabbath schools, and churches and faithful then froin a change of sentiment, we wish to ministers, and all other means of Christian lead to a change of conduct ; till, all the wise improvement; and yet, withal, so full of and good taking part with us, these dangerous drunkards. Surely there is here something beverages shall be driven, with scorn and infearfully wrong, and deeply humbling. Drunk dignation, out of respectable society, and ulenness is the curse of the land we live in, and timately out of our country. And is it not love; wasting its best energies ; causing the proper that we should begin with you, the great proportion of its poverty and wretched- members of our own Church? We believe ness, and nine-tenths of its crime. And that we have your confidence, as largely as worst of all, this monster.evil has been tole- any office-bearers in any church enjoy the rated among us so long, and permitted, un- confidence of those who compose it. You opposed, to acquire such giant strength, that have our best affections and our prayers. it threatens to trample down every thing And how can we better prove our love to you, most valuable and venerated, leaving us only than by telling you the truth, and pleading the alternative, of either destroying it, or with you to abandon that which is destroying being ourselves destroyed. What, then, is the bodies and souls of thousands of your fel