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perienced in their day a large por- the judgment is, we admit, allowable tion of the hatred of the human heart; even in these matters of inferior moand much of it has fallen to the lot ment; but still he who makes this the of ministers of religion in all suc- sole, supreme object of his visit to ceeding ages. May he who endured the sanctuary, mistakes much the deso much the contradiction and sin sign of this Christian institution. of wicked men, ever sustain his ser- With much propriety the Rev. Rowvants in the midst of this formidable land Hill remarks—" Some people opposition to their usefulness in the

are very squeamish about the de. world!

livery of different ministers who Want of candour generates dis- preach the same gospel.” “Suppose,” satisfaction with the gospel itself. The adds he, “ you were attending to exalted sentiments it leads men to hear a will read, were you expected adopt, ill accord with the conceited a legacy to be left you, would you notions of the vainly wise man. The employ the time when it was readholiness of life it demands of all who ing in criticising the manner in submit to its authority, becomes a which the lawyer read it? No, you stumbling-block and rock of offence would not; you would be giving all to others. Regardless of the divine ear if any thing was left to you, and origin of Christianity, they proceed how much it was. This is the way to test its soundness by a system of I would advise you to hear the gostheir own framing. If the doctrine pel.”

66 He that hath an ear, let discussed and defended does not har- him hear with candour what the monize with their creed, they forth with Spirit saith unto the churches." reject it. Scarcely, for example, will FOURTHLY- UNBELIEF. - In the an Arminian hear a single passage publication of the gospel by the adduced in support of the doctrines of divine ordinance of preaching, it free grace. The ultra-Calvinist is just comes to man invested with the most as tenderly jealous of the scriptural sacred sanction in preaching the view of man's responsibility, or the word. The minister of religion is not application of any divine command permitted to travel beyond the bounto the use of appointed means. Oh, dary of inspired truth with a view when will men lay aside all intole-' to place any doctrine or duty in a rant love of system, and, with hearts clear light. To make it plain to the free from bias, stand fully prepared meanest capacity all nature may be for the reception of divine truth! laid under tax to afford illustration. “We speak as unto wise men, judge But no portion of inspired truth can ye what we say."

receive additional weight from the Desire to gratify the intellectual taste, authority of human commendation. is adverse to candour in hearing the Antiquity throws no mantle of veneword. The simple naked truth pre- ration on the inspired authority of sents no attraction to the lover of God's word. Universal homage canornament. Forgetful that the main not elevate to a higher position the design of the gospel is to render sacred character of the gospel. It men better-gratification is the main comes to

direct from God, pursuit of the fastidious hearer. clothed with all the properties which If the form please, he cares

demand devotion. thing for the substance. If the In hearing the word, therefore, we casket satisfy him, the gem it listen to the decisions of God, and contains is accounted a thing of not to the dictates of man. It is here nought. If the manner be but agree that many fail in profitable hearing. able, the subject-matter may be good, In listening to the preaching of the bad, or indifferent. The exercise of gospel, many give credence to the



messenger more than to the message; the word preached did not profit
whereas their faith ought to be fixed them, not being mixed with faith in
on the divine authority of the Scrip- them that heard it.”
tures, and on man's exposition and FIFTHLY.-GENERAL HEARING OF
exhortation only in so far as they THE WORD FAILS IN BEING PROFIT-
accord with the tenor and spirit of ABLE.—In no respect does the gospel
the oracles of God. Reader, the become of none effect, more than
ultimate appeal, and the only appeal through want of proper self-applica-
is, “What saith the Scriptures ? ” tion. Many, in hearing it, admit and
“ To the law and to the testimony, admire its correctness as a system,
if any man speak not according to but fail in the adoption and action of
this word, it is because there is no its principles. Speak to such per-
light in them,”—“.that your faith sons as long as you please about
should not stand in the wisdom of theory, and all is right; but bring
man, but in the power of God.” religion to bear upon practice, and
Thus, a person of very slender at- they instantly demur. Speak of the
tainments otherwise, will profit often uncompromising nature of the divine
be yond expectation in devout hearing law, unfold in all their extent the
of the gospel. “The late Mr L obligations of the gospel, they call it
of T, in the county of S- strictness. Enlarge upon the beauties
was in the habit of preaching in of holiness, insist upon cleanness of
the neighbouring villages, and going heart, and the renewal of the right
home the next morning. After at- spirit within, they style it sanctimonious-
tending one of these lectures, a ness. Exhort to the diligent use of the
certain woman who was washing means of


the neceswool in a stream by the side of the sity and fitness of these means to forroad, asked him, ' Did not you, sir, ward our progress in the divine life, they preach at such a place on such a stigmatize it as being religious overmuch. day?' “Yes, good woman, I did.' Even in cases wherein direct hos

I thought it was you,' she rejoined, tility to personal religion is laid aside, 6 and I bless God I heard you ; I there is often a total want of personal have been the better of it ever since.' application. The ear may be charmed • Pray what was the text?' continued with the sound, the heart may be the minister. The text was forgotten, awed by the majesty and attracted all the sermon was forgotten, as to by the loveliness of the gospel in the words ; but still the woman per- general, while as yet its power to sisted that she had been the better subdue and interest individual cases of it, and added, “I will give you is altogether unfelt. For example, my meaning, sir. This wool in my human depravity may be argued ably basket, when I first put it into the both from revelation and reason ; water was very foul, but now it is its nature and extent may be brought cleansed, though the water is gone prominently before the minds of from it. So it is by your sermon ; a Christian audience, and yet the the words I have lost, but the savour inquiry spontaneously suggests itself, of the truth I retain, and therefore “ Is it possible such wickedness dwells am, as I said before, the better for it.'

in me?

The cross may be presented So will it be with all faithful, devout in all its blood-stained nakedness, hearers of the word preached. “Let the sufferings of Him who died upon us fear, therefore, lest a promise being it may be told in strains of tenderleft us of entering into his rest, any


heart is melted by the should seem to come short of sight and the recital ; but ah! the it.

For unto us was the gospel general hearer still inquires, “ Was it preached as well as unto them; but for my sins this so great sacrifice


ness, till

of you

was necessary? With all fidelity that the gospel has been hid to us ! and earnestness, the prevailing sins Hear, and ponder the sad, solemn reof the day may be denounced; but sponse in the words of Paul, “But if here, also, the response from the our gospel be hid, it is hid to them general hearer's pew, were it spoken that are lost.out, would be, “Let my neighbour The admonitions of our Lord we take warning, these admonitions are summon to our aid, " Take heed what not applicable to me.” “He that ye hear,"_" take heed how ye hear." hath an ear let him hear,” with per- Alas ! we cannot say that there is no sonal application, what the “Spirit charge of imperfect, partial exhibition saith unto the churches."

of the gospel, on the part of those

who preach it. 'Twere unwise, as it Thus have we submitted a few would be uncandid, not to make the practical prevailing hindrances to admission. But after it has been profitable hearing of the word ; viz. made, and after a proper estimate has irregularity in attendance, careless- been taken of it, see ye to it, HEARER ness, criticism, unbelief, general hear- OF THE WORD, that blame is not ing. Suffer a word of admonition, chargeable upon you ; for even the reader, when we remind you of the apostolic preaching of Paul was proimportance, surpassing all human ductive of two very opposite effects, conception, which attaches to the marked in his own words, with which preaching and hearing of the gospel. we close, “Now thanks be unto God, For us no other scheme of salvation which always causeth us to triumph has been provided than that which in Christ, and maketh manifest the the gospel reveals. And to us, to savour of his knowledge by us in every whom the gospel has been published place. For we are unto God a sweet from our earliest years, this reflection savour of Christin them that are saved, is one of overpowering moment. and in them that perish : to the one Where and what shall be our doom we are the savour of death unto death, if, after all the attractions of gold and and to the other the savour of life the allurements of pleasure shall have unto life.”

J. T. passed from our sight, it should prove Dunning.



The Rev. Thomas Christie, as we started via Toronto for London and have already stated, is one of the Goderich, and the result of the excurfathers of the Canadian Mission. sion was, that Mr P. settled at London, Landing at Montreal in August 1832, and soon after Mr C. at West Flamand finding Mr Robertson gone, he borough, in February of the same hastened to Kingston, and from that to year. Mr Christie commenced his Toronto, to meet Mr Proudfoot, who labours in a small log-house, and amid had preceded him by a few weeks. In many

discomforts. He was a strancompany with Mr P. he made a sur- ger and quite alone, his family being vey so far as practicable, of the land, left behind him for a time, through visiting Niagara, Hamilton, West necessity, in the old country. His Flamborough, and then returned to lot was thus for a season pecuKingston,

where he spent part of the liarly trying. The materials of a conwinter. In January 1833 the two gregation were few and widely scat


tered, -the severest and most unre- come he gave us when arriving on the mitting labour was

necessary in scene. order to reach them; and, when Again, here was Mr Robert Christie, reached, to unite and discipline them; the sight of whom awakened many and at first, while all this was going touching associations. He has settled on, there was no home at the close of about fourteen miles from his brother, day to welcome him across its thresh- in the township of Dumfries, and in old. But, heavy as his heart must the immediate neighbourhood of the frequently have been, he did not village of St George, where the Rev. despair. He wrought on, visiting Mr Roy officiates. His farm consists from farm to farm, and, when over- of 1000 acres, 800 of which are entaken by night, sharing the partial tirely cleared, and under cultivation. shelter of some rude shanty, till at When we say cleared, we mean length his congregation gradually in- thoroughly so; no stumps being percreased from nineteen members to 205, mitted to remain in the ground. which, including Dundas, is the pre- This is a rare sight in the country, sent number. Besides this, Mr as only men of capital can Christie preached the gospel all the labour necessary to accomplish around ; and, in fact, may be said to this. Part of the farm lies along the have originated most of the stations banks of the Grand River, which are in that district of country. At one steep and picturesque. We wandered time he supplied as he was able, Flam- over the luxuriant fields, and yet boro', St George, Beverly, Puslinch, something else was ever interposing Paisley Block, Irving, and Eramosa. between us and their beauty. Other His family went out to him in the scenes rose up before our imagination. autumn of '33, under the care of his While our eye was resting on the brother, who was long a merchant in Grand River; or on the remains of Edinburgh, and a most useful mem- the forest, which here and there skirted ber of the community. While on the farm; or on the waving fields of this side of the Atlantic we knew him wheat, which were being cradled or well, for latterly he belonged to Ports- mowed by Indians of the Six Nations, burgh congregation; and we looked our minds were reverting to the West forward to a meeting with him in the Bow, the Vennel, and a few of the woods of America with great de- other localities of Auld Reekie. And light. This, therefore, proved to be a then far distant friends seemed to singularly interesting part of our tour. stand before us; and, for a moment, Here was, first of all, one of the two the pleasures of former years in the

who founded our Canadian mother country were renewed Church, and who recognised in the Canadian ground. deputation the realisation of many The Rev. Mr Christie's church an eager wish, and the answer of stands on the town-line between many an earnest prayer. Deeply W. Flamboro' and Beverly,—is of concerned for the progress of the wood, holds 400, and cost at first good cause in Canada, and labouring L.300. There is no debt on it. The with all his might for its advance- present population of the township, ment, he oftentimes felt as if the within three or four miles of the church at home had forgotten him church, is 4000.* The membership and his brethren, and that their is 205, of whom forty constitute the labours in consequence were likely to station in Dundas, who have just prove comparatively unavailing. No- erected for themselves a very excelthing could exceed his satisfaction on lent place of worship. Mr Chisholm, hearing of the appointment of a deputation, nor the cordiality of the wel- * This includes the town of Dunda9.



formerly of Lothian Road congrega- most populous in Canada West. It tion, Edinburgh, has made himself has four villages or towns, St George, very useful here.

Paris, Galt, and Ayr, and a populaWhen our work was over at Dun- tion of 6000. Galt, with a populadas . and Flamboro', we set off for tion of 600, is situated on the Grand Beverly, twelve miles north-west from River, of which we have already Flamboro', and nine miles from Galt. spoken, which empties itself into When about five and a half miles Lake Erie; and whose banks are from the church, the road struck into here somewhat elevated, particularly the bush, and though very rough, on the east side, which is covered being full of stumps, and now and with wood, except in a few instances then corduroy, it was picturesque and where it has been cleared for the beautiful. The church is a log build- erection of dwelling-houses. Two ing, resembling the one at Emily, good bridges span the river, and add and is situated nearly in the centre of much to the beauty and loveliness of the township, and in the vicinity of the scene. several clearances. It holds 170,- After enjoying the hospitality of Mr the membership, which was originally Wallace and Mr Ker (the latter from seventeen, is now 104, and they offer the neighbourhood of Hawick, ScotL.100 of annual stipend, to be raised land), and having no station here to among themselves. There is no place visit, we left Galt on Wednesday 15th of worship within nine miles, except July, by a road much smoother than ing one which belongs to a very small that of the preceding day, through body of Episcopalians. The number a highly cultivated country. Here of householders in the township, we saw a number of Dutch settlers, Beverly possesses as yet no village- who have excellent dwelling-houses, is 600, of whom 200 are within five splendid orchards, and well-fenced miles of our church. Mr Christie and highly-dressed fields. supplied the people here with sermon About 10 o'clock A. M., we deevery third Sabbath, till 1838, when scried Guelph in the distance. Its Mr Roy took charge of the sta- appearance is prepossessing, although tion, in conjunction with St George, the first building which the eye of till March 1845, since which time the traveller discovers, is a Roman the presbytery has supplied it as Catholic Church, built of stone, and regularly as it has been in its overlooking the town. The town is power.

regularly laid out, the streets are The road from Beverly to Galt wide, the buildings good, and the is rude and wild, but relieved by country around well populated. The frequent clearances. At one part of town itself has a population of 800, it we discovered an immense number and the township of 3000. Our of trees prostrated by the gale of the church is built on a very commanding previous Saturday, whose lofty up- eminence in the vicinity. The view standing roots presented a strange ap- froin it embraces the whole town of pearance. Once, and again, we had Guelph, with the river Speed (so callto descend and hoist our gig over ed from its rapidity) flowing through trees that had been blown down and it, and the neighbourhood to the exlay across our path ; and on one oc- tent of several miles, which may be casion we passed under one which described as a series of clearances, the storm had broken in the middle, with the forest stretching interminand which formed a not inelegant ably beyond. The church which, arch over our heads.

though now finished, was not so at We soon found ourselves in the the time of our visit, is capable of township of Dumfries, which is the holding upwards of 400, and was ex

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