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being absent from the meeting of presby- further consideration of them was delayed tery, the clerk was instructed to summon till next meeting. him to appear at next meeting, and also to Lanark.— This presbytery met at Lanark summon the congregation of Ďrymen, and, 21st December; the Rev. Andrew Scott, in the mean time, to give the congregation moderator. Mr Banks, preacher, who has supply of preachers.-A moderation in a accepted a call from the vacant congregacall was granted to the Thornliebank con- tion of Braehead, gave the remainder of gregation, and Mr Dick of Busby appointed his trial exercises with a view to his ordito moderate on the 28th February:-Dr nation. These were sustained, and his Eadie gave notice, that at next meeting he ordination appointed to take place on the would move that the presbytery petition 18th of January; Mr Maclaurin to preach Parliament to reform the parochial schools on the occasion ; Mr Kininmont to ordain of Scotland, and to free them from secta- and give the charge to the minister; and rian distinctions. The presbytery met again Mr Scott to address the congregation. A the following day, and licensed Messrs report from the committee appointed by Mitchell, Bell, Baxter, and Smith, to preach the presbytery to consider the whole quesas probationers.

tion of Sabbath school education, containKirkcaldy.This presbytery met at Ken- ing several useful suggestions on the subnoway on 19th January last; the Rev. ject, was read and laid on the table. The Wm. Cowan, moderator pro die. The mo- diligence of the committee was approved derator reported, that, in accordance with of, and it was agreed to consider the report the appointment of the presbytery, he had more fully at a subsequent meeting.—The dispensed the Lord's supper at Anstruther next meeting of the presbytery was appointon Sabbath last. He also reported that ed to be held on the 14th of March, at LaMr D. Douglas was confined at Pittenweem nark, when there will be an annual conferby severe illness, and could not possibly be ence with the elders and Sabbath-school ordained at present. The presbytery una

teachers within the bounds of presbytery. nimously agreed to express their deep sym- Newcastle. This presbytery met on 11th pathy, both with Mr Douglas and the con- January. After hearing from Mr James gregation of Kennoway in the painful cir- Robertson trial discourses, with a view to cumstances in which the providence of God ordination, it was agreed that his ordination had, placed them, and agreed to supersede at North Middleton should take place on the present appointment, and postpone the 27th January Mr Rattray 'of Swalwell consideration of appointing another day for was chosen moderator for the next six the ordination, till the result of Mr Douglas' months, and Mr Pringle of Newcastle, illness should be known. Appointed the clerk.-The presbyterymet again on Ist Rev. Wm. Harper, Arch. Muir, Wm. February. The mission committee reCowan, and J. Mitchell, with the elders of ported that they had visited the congregatheir respective congregations, and Mr John tions of Wallsend and Walker, but found Dick, Kennoway, a committee, to meet in no plan on which the two congregations Leven on the first Tuesday of February, in would agree to unite. The presbytery, aporder to hear the discourses of students; proving the diligence of the committee, said committee to report to next ordinary while regretting that the union proposed in meeting of presbytery.—The presbytery met this case had not been effected, consigned again on 15th February. Mr John Logie the congregation of Walker to the care of was licensed to preach the gospel. Inti- the committee, to procure the location of a mation was received that Mr Douglas, mi: preacher there on the most profitable and nister elect of Kennoway, was convalescent; practicable terms. From this decision, but the presbytery had again to delay ar- Messrs Bannatyne, Wilson, and Houston, rangements for his ordination. On a peti- with Mr Cochrane, elder, dissented, for tion from Colinsburgh, craving aid from the reasons to be afterwards given. The Home Mission, and a moderation in a call, Rules of Procedure, remitted by the Synod, it was agreed to defer granting the latter, came next under consideration, when some till the result of a conference with the Cupar alterations were proposed. It was agreed presbytery, on the junction of the Kilcon- that a list of statistical queries be printed quharand Colinsburgh congregations, should and circulated among all the sessions of be ascertained. A committee was appoint- the presbytery. ed to confer on the subject with the Cupar Parsley and Greenock.The ordinary presbytery. The moderator and clerk were meeting of this presbytery was held in the instructed to dispatch, in name of the pres- Abbey Close Hall, Paisley, on the 15th of bytery, a petition to the House of Com February; Rev. Mr Clapperton, moderator. mons, for the removal of Jewish disabilities. A transference was received from the GlasThe Synod's remits in regard to the Theo- gow presbytery of Mr John B. Logan, stulogical Library, and the Home Mission dent. After some routine business, a moFund, were brought under review; but the tion, of which the Rev. Mr Sinclair of

Greenock had given notice at last meeting, license. Read a petition from the West was considered. The object of this motion, Congregation, Earlston, requesting a moof which a printed copy was sent to each deration in a call. Another petition from session, was, to have every congrega certain members of the congregation was tion of the presbytery visited annually also presented; but as it had not been by a deputation, who should meet with the transmitted through the session, the pressession and managers, to inquire into its bytery could not receive it. The commisspiritual and temporal circumstances; and sioners from the congregation having given subsequently with the members and adhe- such information as was deemed necessary, rents, that suitable addresses might be de- the presbytery delayed the further consilivered to them for their direction and en. deration of this matter till next meeting. couragement. For carrying out this scheme, At the request of the commissioners, the he proposed that the ministers of the pres- presbytery appointed the Lord's Supper bytery should, at certain periods, exchange to be dispensed in the West Congregapulpits with each other, for the purpose of tion, Earlston, on the second Sabbath of delivering a series of discourses on subjects February; Mr Baird to preside, and to procalculated to excite them to the diligent cure such assistance as he should find neces, and persevering discharge of their duties; sary. The consideration of the rules and and further, that once a-year all the elders forms of procedure was delayed till next of all the congregations should be invited meeting. - The presbytery met again at Mel. to attend a meeting, when reports might rose on Tuesday, the 15th of February. A be made respecting the working of the petition from certain members of the west scheme, and when the whole elders assem- congregation, Earlston, against the applibled, might hold a conference as to the most cation for a moderation on the part of the efficient methods to discharge their official congregation, lying on the table of the presduties, and promote the interests of the bytery, and transmitted, cum nota, by the congregations. The reports of sessions session, was presented. The note of the seshaving been heard, and members of court sion was also read, and an extract from the having expressed their sentiments, the pres- minutes of session, certifying that eight bytery agreed to approve generally of the persons who had signed the petition against principle involved in the proposed plan, but the moderation, wished their names to be to delay the consideration of its details till withdrawn. The presbytery then resumed after the meeting of synod. Delayed the consideration of the petition for a modeconsideration of a Representative Assembly ration. The commissioners from the contill next meeting of presbytery, which is to gregation, and the petitioners against the be held at Greenock on the first Tuesday moderation, were fully heard. And the of April. Proceeded to the consideration presbytery having proceeded to give judgof the rules and forms of process, and ment in the case, after long reasoping, a agreed to propose certain alterations in motion was made and seconded, to grant that portion which refers to the supple- the prayer of the petition for a moderation, menting of small stipends, and to the board with a recommendation to the congregation for liquidating congregational debt. The to reconsider the matter of stipend, with a object of the alterations proposed is, to view to its increase ; which, upon a vote bring both schemes more fully under the being taken, was carried by a large majocognisance of the presbyteries ; to have rity. The moderation was then appointed measures taken for realizing one hundred to take place at Earlston, on Wednesday, pounds as the minimum stipend, exclusive the 1st of March, at twelve o'clock, noon; of the value of manses; and to secure the Mr Blair to preach and preside, and Mr privileges of the supplementary scheme to Williamson to assist. Mr Walter Riddel collegiate charges, so that aged ministers gave in his remaining trials, which were may be properly provided for in their de- unanimously sustained, and he was licensed clining years.

to preach the gospel. Next meeting of Selkirk. This presbytery met at Melrose presbytery is to be at Selkirk on Tuesday 18th January. Transferences were receiv

the 4th of April. ed of Messrs James Rennie, and John Stirling. This presbytery met, 18th JanBallantyne, students of divinity of the uary ; Mr Fraser of Alloa, moderator. A fourth year, from the presbyteries of Edin- petition was presented for supply of serburgh and Dundee. A letter from Mr mons at Bridge of Allan, with a view to the Smart, the clerk of the Synod's committee, formation of a church. Three elders, apon the junction of weak congregations in pointed by the petitioners, supported their the same locality, was read; but the presby. request; they stated that ground for the tery agreed to delay answering said letter erection of a church had already been seat present. Messrs Lawrence and Riddel cured, and that it was expected the con. delivered discourses, which were unani gregation would, from the first, be a selfmously sustained, as parts of trials for ssutained one. The presbytery appointed



intimation of this petition to be made to the nearest adjacent churches, viz. those of Stirling, Dumblane, and Blairlogie, and

Elgin. – A meeting was held at Elgin agreed to enter on the merits of the case at on the evening of 20th January, in Mr next meeting. - The court having met, 15th Pringle's church, to commemorate the February, it was found that the neighbour- introduction of the Secession into Moing sessions offered no opposition to the rayshire a hundred years ago ; Rev. erection of a congregation at Bridge of Mr Pringle in the chair.

After praise Allan, and it was agreed that supply of ser- and prayer by the Rev. Adam Lind, Elmon should be granted, as petitioned for. gin, the chairman having briefly adverted Mr Steedman was appointed to preach, and

to the rise of the Secession in 1733, proopen the station on the 27th February; and

ceeded to give a variety of interesting deit was resolved that a member of presbytery tails connected with its introduction into should preach at Bridge of Allan every Morayshire. For these, he mentioned that alternate Sabbath till the roll should be

he had been much indebted to the labours exhausted. A letter was read from the

of the Rev. Dr M‘Kelvie, Balgedie, in the Synod's committee, for uniting weak con

preparation of materials for the statistical gregations in the same locality. After con

work contemplated by him. Out of fifteen siderable discussion, it was agreed to report, Synods of the Established Church, seven that there are two congregations at Dun- petitioned in favour of the “four suspended blane, one of which corresponds with the brethren” at the meeting of the Assembly's above description, but that no wish for

Commission in November 1733. Of these union had been expressed by either congre

the Synod of Moray was one. Application gation, and the presbytery had not inter- for supply of sermon was first made to the fered in the matter. Mr Muir, studenty

“ Associate Presbytery" by persons resiread an exercise, as part of trials for license.

dent in Elgin, and some of the adjacent parishes, in 1741. Mr Alexander Troup, the first Secession minister in Morayshire,

was ordained in 1748 as minister of Elgin Braehead.The presbytery of Lanark and Boghole (nearly twenty miles distant met here January 18, for the ordination of from each other). He was translated to Mr Alexander Banks. The Rev. Robert Perth in 1763. Mr Thomas Duncan was Maclaurin began the public services of the ordained in 1770 minister of Elgin and day by preaching a discourse on Ephesians Forres (twelve miles apart). The chairman iv. 11, 12. The clerk narrated the previous read to the meeting the call to Mr Duncan, steps taken by the congregation to obtain dated Forres, 3d July 1769, and subscribed a pastor and proposed the questions of the by fifty-four persons. In the year 1770, formula. The Rev. Alexander Kininmont

about two months before Mr Duncan's ordipresided at the ordination, and addressed nation, the congregations in the north of the minister, and the Rev. Robert Scott the Scotland were disjoined from the Presbycongregation. The services of the day were

tery of Perth and Dunfermline. In 1772, solemn and impressive—the audience nume

the members of Mr Duncan's congregation rous and attentive.

resident in Forres were disjoined from North Middleton.—On the 27th January those in Elgin, and Mr Duncan appointed last, the presbytery of Newcastle ordained to Elgin exclusively. He died in 1818. The Mr James Robertson as pastor at North

Rev. Robert Crawford (previously of AuchMiddleton. Mr Wilson of Walsend preach. inleck, Ayrshire) was inducted in 1817 as ed, Mr Pringle of Newcastle offered up the colleague to Mr Duncan. He departed this ordination prayer, Mr Duncan of Wark

life in 1828. Mr Pringle was ordained in worth addressed the minister, and Mr

1829. The chairman then gave a rapid Bannatyne of Hexham, the congregation.

view of the history of the various congregą. tions of which the Presbytery of Elgin is at present composed-noticing the date of

their formation, and the ministers who Peebles, East Congregation.—On the 19th have successively presided over them; and January, this church gave a harmonious mentioned also the names of those miniscall to Mr John Semple, preacher. Mr ters and probationers who had been Thomson of Peebles presided.

brought up within the bounds of the PresCumnock.-On the 20 February, the bytery:, Appropriate addresses were dechurch at Cumnock gave an unanimous livered by the Rev. Messrs Bisset of Nairn, call to Mr Matthew Dickie, preacher. Dr Lind of Elgin, Simpson of Forres, and Bruce of Newmilns presided.

M'Donald of Lossiemouth. Mr Tillie of Midmar.-On the 27th January, the Burghead closed the meeting with prayer, church at Midmar gave an unanimous call The church was filled on the occasion, and to Mr Archibald Cross, preacher, Mr Dickie, the deepest interest manifested in thc pro• Aberdeen, presided.

ceedings throughout.


Monthly Retrospect.

DOWNING STREET AND THE VATICAN. skilful of his Jesuitical Nuncios ? We have Any credit which our Queen's ministers

little faith in any success which Protest

antism may gain from courtly intrigue or may be supposed to have gained for attach

sly negotiation; and as for the political ment to the Protestant truth, by their recent conduct in the matter of the bishoprics,

advantages which may possibly accrue to

this country from the proposed new relawill be lost to them in the estimation of

tionship, these, we fear, are not likely to many, by a proposal they have made to

compensate for the loss our Protestantism enter into diplomatic relations with the Pope. By the Act of Succession passed

will suffer from parties so constantly on the after the expulsion of the Stuarts, and by a

watch for the ecclesiastical aggrandizement

of their chief, as the counsellors of the Bishop subsequent Act“ for the further limitation of the Crown," the sovereign forfeits the

of Rome may be supposed to be. On an

other ground we are hostile to the proposal. allegiance of his subjects if he be reconciled to, or hold communion with, the See of

The main reason, we apprehend, which has

led to it is, that scandal of British governRome. Lord Lansdowne, the ministerial leader in the House of Peers, has introduced

ment—that stumbling-block of successive

administrations-the state of Ireland. This, a bill which, after reciting the acts just referred to, proceeds thus :-" That notwith

to our minds, is put beyond a doubt by the

result which has already followed Lord standing any thing contained in the said

Minto's visit to Rome as a kind of ambasrecited Acts, or either of them, or in any sador ; namely, the issue of a rescript from other Act or Acts now in force, it shall and is hereby declared to be lawful for her ing them against that interference with

the Pope to the Irish priesthood, admonish. Majesty, her heirs and successors, from time to time, whensoever it shall seem fit to her politics which has recently proved so or them to appoint and accredit to and Whigs managed Ireland formerly by O'Con

troublesome to


our government. employ at the Court of Rome any am

nell. Now that the agitator is no more, bassador, envoy extraordinary, minister plenipotentiary, or other diplomatic agent regal power, the

difficulty of ruling Ireland

and has left no successor to his more than or agents whatsoever, and from time to

has become as difficult to the Whigs as to time, at her or their pleasure, to revoke and

the Tories. The best substitute they can determine any such appointment and em

find for Daniel's rod is the crosier of Pius ployment, and also from time to time to receive at the Court of London any ambas

IX.; to secure the use of which, it is indissador, envoy extraordinary, minister pleni- lished between Downing Street and the

pensable that an intimate relation be estabpotentiary, or other diplomatic agent or

Vatican. We dislike the measure for the agents whatsoever, of and accredited by the Sovereign Pontiff; and that all ambassa

very reason which, we suspect, chiefly comdors, envoys extraordinary, ministers pleni- it as treating deceitfully the hurt of the Irish

mends it to Whig rulers. We condemn potentiary, and other diplomatic agents so respectively appointed, accredited, employ- day of reckoning with the gorged and

people. We reprobate it as putting off the ed, and received as aforesaid, shall respec

bloated Irish Church. tively have and enjoy such and the same rights, privileges, and immunities as are now by law, usage, or otherwise, had and enjoyed by any other ambassador, envoy extraordinary, minister plenipotentiary, or other diplomatic agent or agents accredited The second reading of the bill for the by her Majesty to any foreign Power, or removal of Jewish disabilities, passed the by any foreign Power to the Court of Lon- House of Commons, 11th February, by a don.”

majority of 277 to 204. The discussion has For our part, we do not suspect the served to evolve before the British legislaministry of any liking for Popery, or any ture principles of the highest importance to design to promote it, by this measure, re- civil and religious liberty, and which canciprocated though it be at Rome. We re- not fail to carry forward the country in the gard its proposal as a challenge to a game direction of higher and more comprehensive 'of diplomacy between the Court of St measures in the same spirit. In favour of James and the Vatican, each party trusting the bill we find Mr Gladstone, one of the to its diplomatic skill to out-manæuvre the members for Oxford, and the very pink of other, and come off gainer. But what if High Church toryism, uttering such senti'Lord Minto or Lord Palmerston prove more ments as the following:

:-" Too much of than a match for the Pope and the most substance and efficacy had been attached



to the bond of the christian name, vague of stone and change it into a heart of and uncertain as that was, and not involve flesh;' who said, that 'blessed are the mering any peculiar fixed truths. It would be ciful;' and who, in place of ratifying the difficult to become legislators of that House terrible anathema which the Jews invoked without proving that many who had already upon themselves, prayed for mercy to those sat there, were, not as individuals, but as who ‘knew not what they did,' in consumclasses, at least equally unfit. The chris- mating his great sacrifice. It was not by tian character of that assembly must in persecution that Christianity was then substance depend upon the feeling and sought to be advanced. It was in despite character of the great majority of its mem- of it. Yes; it was in despite of persecubers. They thought the Jews unfit to make tion, exile, spoliation, shame, and death, laws; but who were the makers of the it was in despite of beds of steel and couches makers of laws ? Whence did they derive of shame, that the Christian religion made their power? It was from its periodical re- its superhuman, miraculous way; and is turn to its mother earth that that House

it not repugnant to common sense, as well derived new vigour. Then was it not a as to the elementary principles of this Dichristian constituency ?” It is not for us vine religion, that it should be maintained to reconcile these statements-which might and propagated by an instrumentality diabe viewed as involving the ultra-radical metrically the reverse of that by which it doctrine of the sovereignty of the people, was established ?” with the political creed usually avowed by One cannot help recollecting, in contrast Mr Gladstone, and particularly with his with these sentiments, the uniform practice famous doctrine, of a national conscience of the church which the eloquent speaker in regard to religion ; we only express the upholds.-Without quoting language to the hope, that they will sink into his own same effect spoken by other distinguished mind and the minds of his party. If they members, whose known opinions cause us do, they will assuredly dislodge certain to feel less surprise at what they advanced notions which have hitherto been preju. in the course of this debate, we only give dicial to the interests of religious liberty. further the following from Sir Robert Peel's

Equally remarkable, and perhaps still speech. Referring to the argument which more inconsistent with the professed creed the exclusionists attempt to draw from reliof the speaker, are the sentiments uttered gion, he observed :-" The precepts and by the Roman Catholic master of the mint spirit of Christianity should influence our

-Mr Shiel : " The christianity of Parlia- legislation, and if our legislation were at ment is the christianity of the country, and variance with them, we could not expect a so long as the constitution remains, till Par- blessing upon it." We remark, by the way, liament itself shall perish,--so long as this that to the extent here contended for, the mighty mirror of the national mind re- connexion between religion and the state mains untarnished and unbroken,--so long is what every Christian voluntary would rewill the religious feeling of the people of cognise. Again—“ If he had a mission England be for ever reflected here. This to inflict punishment for religious error, is the true security for the religion of the then it would be his duty to punish the conntry and the religion cf this House ; and Jew; but he had no such mission. If it affords a far better security than any

that the Jews had committed an inexpiable can be supplied by a mere test, at which an error 2000 years ago, even if he could honest man will pause, but which a sar- prove the descent of existing Jews from donic sceptic will disdainfully overlook.” those who then offended, he had no comAgain, and still more to our purpose :- mission to punish the children for the sins “ Where do you find authority in the scrip- of the father, not merely to the third tures themselves for the imposition of a and fourth, but also to the 300th and 400th temporal penalty for the propagation of hea- generation. Vengeance is mine,' saith venly truth? You may find it in the writings the Lord, and I will repay.'” Having then of jurists and divines, and in the dogmata of no such mission, he proceeded to argue austere theologians; but you will not find that, for religious error, the House had no it in the New Testament. You will not right to inflict any penalty. find it in the gospels by Matthew, Mark, Why, then, should Sir Robert and his Luke, or John, nor in the epistles written state church subject Dissenters to the penby those humble men, to whose teaching alty of paying tithes and church-rates for all nations are called upon reverently to the support of religious ordinances from listen. Above all, you will not find it in which, for conscientious reasons, they can any thing ever said, or in any thing reap no benefit ? Out of his own mouth ever done, or in any thing ever suffer- we condemn him. If what he says be true, ed, by the Divine Author of the Chris- then is there not left a foot of ground to tian religion, who spoke as never man serve as the foundation of an Established spoke,' who said he came to “take a heart Church. But Sir Robert Peel has shown

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