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Ib. 1. 22. Unlike myself, thou hear'st me moralize. In the octavo edition of 1596 it is—unlike thyself. The original copy is right. Unlike thyself refers to the banting of the boar, which Venus considers as a rude sport, ill-suited to the delicate frame of Adonis. To moralize, here means to comment, from moral, which our author generally uses in the sense of latent meaning. Malone.
Moralize is explained by the last line in the verse :—
"For love can comment upon every woe." Editor.
P. 31,1.1. Where did I leave? i.e. Leave off. Venus, intent upon her lover, forgets what she was saying, and asks him, "Where did I leave off?" When the author, as usual, plays upon the word, by making Adonis reply, " No matter where, leave me." Editor.
Ib. 1. 12. Dieforsworn; i. e. having broken her oath of virginity. Steevlns.
Ib. 1. 14. Her silver shrine Read shine, which Mr. Malone says was formerly used as a substantive.
Ib. 1. 22. Defeature. This word is derived from difaire, Fr. to undo. So in " The Comedy of Errors:"
"Strange defeatures in my face." Steevens.
P. 32,1. 2. Frenzies' wood. Bead wood, which, in old language, signifies fi-antic.
Ib. 1. 8. But in one minute's sight, &c. Read fight, according to the edition of 1596. The least of these maladies, after a momentary engagement, brings beauty under. Not being till lately possessed of the copy of 1596, in an edition of these poems I printed sight, the reading of the copy of 1600; but I then conjectured that fight was the true reading; and I now find my conjecture confirmed. Malone.
Many mistakes of this kind have occurred through the similitude of the long j (f) to the little/(f); but the modern mode of printing (according to the present edition) which very properly abolishes the long s, will prevent such errata in future. Editor.
Ib. 1. 10. Whereat the imperial gazer. In the octavo of 1596 we read the impartial gazer; but the subsequent copies have it as above.
Ib. 1. 11. And done, Done was formerly used in the sense of wasted, consumed, destroyed. So in King Henry VI. P. I.
"And now they meet where both their lives are done."
In the West of Englnnd it still contains the same meaning. Malone.
Ib. 1.17. The lamp that burns, &C. Ye nuns and vestals, says Venus, imitate the example of the lamp that profiteth mankind at the expense of its own oil. I do not apprehend that the poet had at all in his thoughts the torch of the loves, or the nocturnal meeting of either Hero and Leander, or any other persons. Malone.
Ib. 1. 22. In their obscurity. Read—in rfaWc obscurity
P. 33. Or butcher's fire. Read—butcher-sire.
Ib. 1.13. If loi<e hath. Read—have.
P. 34, 1. 2. Leadeth unto danger. Read—leadeth Ok to danger.
Ib. 1. 22. Of teen; i. e. of sorrow.
Ib. 1. 24. Wanton calls attended. Read—wanton talk.
P. 35,1. 3. The dark lanes runs apace. This is according to modern editions; but in that of 1596 we read the dark lavmd. Lawnd and lawn (says Mr. Malone) were, in old language, synonymous.
Ib. 1. 15. Or 'tonish'd. Read—'stonish'd.
Ib. 1.18. The fair discovery of her way. I would read discoverer; i.e. Adonis. Steevens.
The old reading appears to me to afford the same meaning, and is surely more poetical. Our author uses a similar phraseology in Coriolanus :—
"Lest you should chance to whip your information;" i. e. informer. Malone.
Ib. 1. 23. Ay, me! Read—ah, me!
P. 36,1. 12. And without audience. Bead,—End without, &c.
Ib. 1. 15 and 16. Like shrill-tongu'd tapsters, &c. But the exercise of this fantastic humour is not so properly the character of wits as of persons of a wild and jocular extravagance of temper. To suit this idea, as well as to close the rhyme more fully, 1 am persuaded the poet wrote :—
"Soothing the humour of fantastic wights."
Had Mr. Theobald been so familiar with ancient pamphlets as he pretended to have been, he would have known that the epithet fantastic is applied with singular propriety to the wits of Shakespeare's age. The rhyme, like many others in the same piece, may be weak, but the old reading is certainly the true one.
P. 37,1. 8. Musing, &c. Musing, in ancient language, is wondering. Malone.
Ib. 1.12. Coasteth to the cry; i. e. she advanceth.
lb. 1. S3. Even so timorous, hc. Read—tie timoreus, &c.
P. 38,1. 13. Trembling extasy. Eitasy anciently signified any violent perturbation of the mind. Mi
Mr. Malone means that it was formerly understood as the emotion of grief as well as joy. Editor.
Ib. 1. 17. Wills them fear no more. Other copies read—bids them, &c.
Ib. 1. 23. Will not further. Other copies have it— no further.
P. 39, 1. 3. Is marred with delays. The ancient edition has it mated; i. e. compounded, or destroyed by delay.
Ib. 1. .,. Full of respect, &c. i. e. full of circumspection and wise consideration. This is one of our author's nice observations. No one affects more wisdom than a drunken man. Malone.
Ib. 1.11. Sadly scolding. Read—scemding.
P. 41,1. 2. She veil'd her eye-lids, or vail'd. She lower'd, or closed her eye-lids.
Ib. 1. 19. Huntsman's hollow, or holla; i. e. shout.
Ib. 1.21. The dire imagination, he. The edition of 16OO has— Die dry, &c. The construction is, this sound of hope doth labour to expel the dire imagination, &c. Malone.
P. 42,1.12. With likely thoughts, ice. The edition of 1596 has-TAe likely, &c. the compositor having caught the word 77ie from the line above. The correction was made in that of 1600. Malone.
Ib. L 17 and 18. She 'deeps, &c. Bead—clepet.
In the edition of 1596 it is—Imperious supreme, which had formerly (says Mr. Malone) the same meaning as imperial. Read—of all mortal things.
Ib. 1. 21. When as I met, &c. When as and when were used indiscriminately by our ancient writers. MaLone.
P. 43,1.8. Her rash respect. Read—suspect; i. e. suspicion.
lb. 1. 10. Humbly doth insinuate. To insinuate meant formerly to sooth, to flatter: To insinuate with was the phraseology of Shakespeare's time. Malone.
Ib. 1. 11. Tells him of trophies, statues, tomhs. As Venus is here brihing Death with flatteries to spare Adonis, the editors could not help thinking of pompous tombs. But tombs are no honor to death, considered as a being, but to the parties buried. I much suspect our author intended,
"Tells them of trophies, statues, domes." Theobald. The old copy is undoubtedly right; tombs are, in one sense, honors to death; in as much as they are so many memorials of his triumphs over mortals. Besides, the idea of a number of tombs naturally presents to our mind the dome, or building, that contains them: So that nothing is obtained by the change. Malone.
Ib. ib. And stories; i.e. tells stories of'. Our author has used this verb in The Rape ofLucrece, and in Cymbeline. Malone.
Ib. 1. 22. Grieves. Our author has violated gram, mar (trifles grieves) for the sake of rhyme. Though