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understanding was shallow, and his knowledge superficial ; the imperious and commanding air he assumed, his over-bearing manners, and bold loquacity were mistaken by his partial father for superior abilities, and Pride would have embittered the days of his Parents had they not been blessed with a daughter called Humility, who healed the wounds inflicted by Pride by her dutiful and affectionate conduct, and was always employed in contributing to the happiness of all who knew her. When arrived at manhood Pride became acquainted with Vanity celebrated for her fashionable attire, and for the admiration her appearance always excited in those who look only at the exterior. This lady praised his person, commended his taste, whispered familiarly in his ear while in company, frequently joined with those who called his loquacity, eloquence, recommended what would set his persons off to the best advantage, and so ingratiated herself that he offered her his hand contrary to the wishes of his Parents and was accepted. From this union, a numerous progeny sprang. The sons bore resemblance to the Father; the eldest called Selfishness became his favourite and constant companion, which gave umbrage to his brothers. who were named Ingratitude, Cruelty, Envy, Hatred, Malice, and Revenge. The daughters resembled their mother both in person and disposition; Folly and Extravagance were twins, Dissipation, Idleness, Scandal, Conceit, and Ignorance were their names. The family was generally governed by Selfishness, aud the brothers and sisters lived in a state of constant warfare, their parents being partial were neither loved nor respected, and the family exhibited a picture of anarchy and confusion.

When Humility had grown to maturity she received the addresses of Benevolence, sanctioned by Parental approbation she accepted his proffered hand, and this happy union was blessed with a numerous and promising offspring, who like the children of Pride, bore a resemblance to their parents. The sons were named Justice, Temperance, Fortitude, Industry, Economy, and Sincerity. Their eldest daughter was called Charity, who with her sisters—Prudence, Modesty, Gentleness, Kindness, Cheerfulness, and Activity, lived in strict union and sisterly affection. Their parents were impartial, and lived with their children as with dear friends, their time was spent both usefully and agreeably, in the intercourse of reciprocal affection, the pursuit of useful knowledge, and in diffusing happiness around.

These two families, though nearly related, were so opposite in dispositions and pursuits that little intimacy could subsist between them, while the esteem and praises often excited and bestowed upon the actions of Benevolence, and his family, awakened the most painful feelings in all the sons of Pride, who agreed to unite their endeavours in extirpating a family they hated : of this they gave so many unequivocal proofs that Benevolence thought



it would be most conducive to the welfare of his family to accept the often repeated invitation of his intimate friend Retirement, who had frequently offered him the possession of large tracts of uncultivated land, of which he had the disposal. His family heard with pleasure this determination, they were welcomed on their arrival by Peace, Content, Resignation and Hope, the lovely daughters of Retirement, from whom they never after separated, and only paid occasional visits to some friends who retained a warm attachment to the family, and who were sure of a favourable reception under its hospitable roof.

The news of his departure was conveyed to the family of Pride by Disappointment, who seized this opportunity of introducing to their acquaintance Care, Remorse, and Misery, who from this time paid them daily visits, and prevented the possibility of their enjoying any happiness, though possessing all the honours, titles, distinctions, and rewards the world could bestow.


“ The doves are censured while the crows are spar'd.”

Arietta is visited by all persons of both sexes, who have any pretence to wit and gallantry. She is in that time of life which is neither affected with the follies of youth, or infirmities of age; and her conversation is so mixed with gaiety and prudence, that she is agreeable both to the old and the young.

Her behaviour is very frank, without being in the least blameable ; and she is out of the track of any amorous or ambitious pursuits of her own; her visitants entertain her with accounts of themselves very freely, whether they concern their passions or their interest. I made her a visit this afternoon, having been formerly introduced to the honour of her acquaintance by my friend Will Honeycomb, (who has prevailed upon her to admit me sometimes into her assembly) a civil inoffensive man. I found her accompanied by one person only, a common-place talker, who, upon my entrance, arose, and after a very slight civility sat down again, then turning to Arietta, pursued his discourse, which I found was upon the old topic constancy in love. He went on with great facility in repeating what he talks every day of his life ; and with the ornaments of insignificant laughs and gestures, enforced his arguments by quotatiuns out of plays and songs, which allude to the perjuries of the fair, and the general levity of woman. Methought he strove to shine more than ordinary in his talkative way, that he might insult my silence. and distinguish himself before a women of Arietta's taste understanding. She had often an inclination to interrupt him, but, could find no opportunity, till the larum ceased of itself, which it did not till he had repeated and murdered the celebrated story of the Ephesian Matron.

Arietta seemed to regard this piece of raillery as an outrage done to her sex ; as indeed I have always observed that women, whether out of a nicer regard to their honour, or what other reason I cannot tell, are more sensibly touched with those general aspersions which are cast upon their sex, than men are by what is said of theirs.

When she had a little recovered herself from the serious anger she was in, she replied in the following manner.

“ Sir, when I consider how perfectly new all you have said on this subject is, and that the story you have given us is not quite two thousand years old, I cannot but think it a piece of presumption to dispute with you : but your quotations put me in mind of the fable of the lion and the man. The man walking with that noble animal, showed him, in the ostenation of human superiority, a sign of a man killing a lion. Upon whieh, the lion said, very justly, We lions are none of us painters, else we could show a hundred men killed by lions, for one lion killed by a man.' You men are writers, and can represent us becoming as you please in your works while we are unable to return the injury. You have twice or thrice observed in your discourse, that hypocrisy is the very foundation of our education ; and that ability to dissemble our affections is a professed part of our breeding These, and such other reflections, are sprinkled up and down the writings of all ages, by authors, who leave behind them memorials of their resentment against the scorn of particular women, in invectives against the whole sex.

Such a writer I doubt not, was the celebrated Petronious, who invented the pleasant aggravations of the frailty of the Ephesian lady ; but when we consider this question between the sexes, which has been either a point of dispute or raillery ever since there were men and women, let us take facts from plain people, and from such as have not either ambition or capacity to embellish their narrations with any beauties of imagination. I was the other day amusing myself with Lignon's Account of Barbadoes ; and, in answer to your well-wrought tale, I will give you (as it dwells




upon my memory) out of that honest traveller, in his fifty-fifth page, the history of Inkle and Yarico.

* Mr. Thomas Inkle, of London, aged twenty years, embarked in the Downs, in the good ship called the Achilles, bound for the West-Indies, on the sixteenth of June, sixteen hundred and fortyseven, in order to improve his fortune by trade and merchandize. Our adventurer was the third son of an eminent citizen, who had taken particular care to instil into his mind an early love of gain, by making him a perfect master of numbers, and consequently giving him a quick view of loss and advantage, and preventing the natural impulses of his passion, by prepossession towards his interests. With a mind thus turned, young Inkle had a person every way agreeable, a ruddy vigour in his countenance, strength in his limbs, with ringlets of fair hair loosely flowing on his shoulders. It happpened, in the course of the voyage, that the Achilles, in some distress, put into a creek on the main of America, in search of provisions. The youth, who is the hero of my story, among others went on shore on this occasion. From their first landing they were observed by a party of Indians, who hid themselves in the woods for that purpose. The English unadvisedly marched a great distance from the shore into the country, and were intercepted by the natives, who slew the greatest number of them. Our adventurer escaped, among others, by flying into a forest. Upon his coming into a remote and pathless part of the wood, he threw himself, tired and breathless, on a little hillock, when an Indian maid rushed from a thicket behind him. After the first surprise they appeared mutually agreeable to each other. If the European was highly charmed with the limbs, features, and wild graces of the naked American; the American was no less taken with the dress, complexion, and shape of an European, covered from head to foot. The Indian grew immediately enamoured of him, and consequently solicitous for his preservation. She therefore conveyed him to a cave, where she gave him a delicious repast of fruits, and led him to a stream to slake his thirst. In the midst of these good offices, she would sometimes play with his hair, and delight in the opposition of its colour to that of her fingers : then open his bosom, then laugh at him for covering it. She was, it seems, a person of distinction, for she every day came to him in a different dress, of the most beautiful shells, bugles, and beads. She likewise brought him a great many spoils, which her other lovers had presented to her, so that his cave was richly adorned with all the spotted skins of beast, and most party-coloured feathers of fowls, which that world afforded. To make his confinement more tolerable, she would carry him in the dusk of the evening, or by the favour of moonlight, to unfrequented groves and solitudes, and show him where to lie down in safety, and sleep amidst the falls of waters and melody of nightingales.

Her part was to watch and hold him asleep in her arms, for fear of her countrymen, and wake him on occasions to consult his safety. In this manner did the lovers pass away their time; they had learned a language of their own, in which the voyager communicated to his mistress, how happy he should be to have her in his country, where she should be clothed in such silks as his waistcoat was made of, and be carried in houses drawn by horses, without being exposed to wind or weather. All this he promised her the enjoyment of, without such fears and alarms as they were there tormented with. In this tender correspondence these lovers lived for several months, when Yarico, instructed by her lover, discovered a vessel on the coast, to which she made signals; and in the night, with the utmost joy and satisfaction, accompanied him to a ship's crew of his countrymen, bound for Barbadoes. When a vessel from the main arrives in that island, it seems the planters come down to the shore, where there is an immediate market of the Indians and other slaves, as with us of horses and


“To be short, Mr. Thomas Inkle, now coming into English territories, began seriously to reflect upon his lost time and to weigh with himself how many days' interest of his money he had lost during his stay with Yarico. This thought made the young man pensive, and careful what account he should be able to give his friends of his voyage. Upon which consideration, the prudent and frugal young man sold Yarico to a Barbadian merchant; notwithstanding that the poor girl, to incline him to commiserate her condition, told him that she was with child by him : but he only made use of that imformation, to rise in his demands upon the purchaser. I

was so touched with this story (which I think should be always a counterpart to the Ephesian Matron) that I left the room with tears in my eyes, which a women of Arietta's good sense did, I am sure, take for greater applause than any compliments I could make her.


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