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confirm it, appealing to ocular inspection ;, and when King James objected this, Leslius could not deny it. If the thing be true, it is a wonderful coincidence of the event with the letter of the prophecy, but it hath been much controverted, and you may see the authors on both fides in (5) Wolfius. It is much more certain, and none of that communion can deny it, that the ancient mitres were usually adorned with inscriptions. One' particularly (6) there is “ preserved at Rome as a precious relic of pope

Sylvester I, richly but not artfully embroidered “ with the figure of the virgin Mary crowned, “ and holding a little Christ, and these words '" in large capitals underneath, AVE REGI“ NA CELI, Hail queen of heaven, in the front; “ of which father Angelo Rocca, keeper of " the pope's facristy, and an eminent antiquary “ has given a copper-plate in the third vol. p.

490 of the works of pope Gregory I. and it “ seems more probably to have belonged to


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ut non fit tibi opus longius in nam. apud Poli Synops. in lo-
terpretationem quærere. Bro-
card in locum apud Vitring. (5) Jo. Chriftophori Wolfii
P: 763. Romanus pontifex, in Curæ Criticæ.Tom.
sua tiara, hoc ipfum nomen in- 5.
fcriptum habuit Mysterium,quod (6) SeeMann's Critical Notes
avtodlas ipfi teftati sunt: on some passages of Scripture.
cum id Jacobus Rex objiceret, p. 112.
Leffius negare non potuit. Dow-

(7) Quæ


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" Gregory; because he is said to have firft in" Itituted at Rome the litanies to the virgin Mary.” An inscription this directly contrary to that on the forefront of the high priest's mitre, (Exod. XXVIII. 36.) HOLINESS TO THE LORD.

Infamous as the woman is for her idolatry, The is no less detestable for her cruelty, which are the two principal characteristics of the Antichristian empire. She is (ver. 6.) drunken with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the martyrs of Jefus : which may indeed be applied both to Pagan and to Christian Rome, for both have in their turns cruelly perfecuted the saints and martyrs of. Icfus; but the latter is more deserving of the character, as she hath far exceeded the former both in the degree and duration of her persecutions. It is very true, as was hinted before, that if Rome Pagan hath flain ber thousands of innocent Christians, Rome Christian hath slain' her ten thousands. For not to menţion other outrageous Naughters and barbarities; the croisades against the Waldenses and Albigenses, the murders committed by the Duke of Alva in the Netherlands, the massacres in France and in Ireland, 'will probably amount to above ten times the number of all the Christians flain in all the ten persecutions of the Roman


emperors put together. St. John's admiration also plainly evinces, that Christian Rome was intended : for it could be no matter of surprise to him, that a Heathen city should persecute the Christians, when he himself had seen and suffered the persecutions under Nero ; but that a city, professedly Christian, should wanton and riot in the blood of Christians, was a subject of astonishment indeed ; and well might he, as it is emphatically expressed, wonder with

great wonder,

7 And the angel said unto me, Wherefore didit thou marvel? I will tell thee the mystery of the woman, and of the beast that carrieth her, which hath the seven heads and ten horns.

8 The beast that thou sawest, was, and is not; and shall ascend out of the bottomless pit, and go into perdition : and they that dwell on the earth mall wonder, (whose names were not written in the book of life from the foundation of the world), when they behold the beast that was, and is not, and yet is.

9 And here is the mind which hath wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains on which the woman sitteth.

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10 And there are seven kings : five are fallen, and one is, and the other is not yet come ; and when he cometh, he must continue a short space.

11 And the beast that was, and is not, even he is the eighth, and is of the seven, and goeth into perdition.

12 And the ten horns which thou sawest, are ten kings, which have received no kingdom as yet ; but receive power as kings one hour with the beast.

13 These have one mind, and shall give their power and strength unto the beast.

14 These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb fhall overcome them : for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings; and they that are with him, are called, and chosen, and faithful.

15 And he faith unto me, The waters which thou fawest, where the whore fitteth, are peoples, and multitudes, and naţions, and tongues.

16 And the ten horns which thou fawest upon the beast, these shall hate the whore, and shall make her defolate, and naked, and shall eat her flesh, and burn her' with fire,

17 For God hath, put in their hearts to fulfill his will, and to agree, and givetheir kingdom unto the beast, until the words of God shall be fulfilled.

18 And the woman which thou sawest, is that great city, which reigneth over the kings of the earth.

It was not thought sufficient to represent these things only in vision ; and therefore the angel, like the eyyenes, nuncius, or messenger in the ancient drama, undertakes to explain (ver. 7.) the mystery, the mystic sense or secret meaning, of the woman, and of the beast that carrieth ber : and the angel's interpretation is indeed the best key to the Revelation, the best clue to direct and conduct us thro' this intricate labyrinth.

The mystery of the beast is first explained ; and the beast is considered first in general (ver. 8.) under a threefold state or succession, as existing, and then ceasing to be, and then reviving again, so as to become another and the same. He was, and is not, xalig esiv and yet is, or according to other copies

xai wapisai and shall come, shall afcend out of the bottomless pit. A beast in the prophetic stile, as we before observed, is a tyrannical idolatrous empire; and the Roman



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