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then in his interval of health, discovered no other symptom of distemper, than a pale meagre countenance, and emaciated body; upon which he was declared fit for duty, and turned over ito the boatswain; but being resolved to disgrace the doctor, died upon the forecastle next day, during his cold fit. The third complained of a pleuricic r'stitch, and spitting of blood, for which Dr. Mackshane. prescribed exercise at the pump to proniote expectoration; but whether this was improper for one in his situation, or that it was used to excess, I know not, but in less than half an hour he was suffocated with a deluge of blood that issued from his lungs. A fourth, with much difficulty, climbed to the quarter-deck, being loaded with a monstrous ascites or dropsy, that invaded his chest so much, he could scarce fetch his breath ; but his disease being interpreted into fat, occasioned by idleness and excess of eating, he was ordered, with a view to promote perspiration and enlarge his chest, to go aloft immediately: it was in vain for this unwieldy wretch to alledge his utter incapacity, the boatswain's driver was commanded to whip him up with a cat and nine tails : the smart of this application made him exert himself so much, that he actually arrived at the puttoc shrouds; but when the enormous weight of his body had nothing else to support it than his weakened arms, either out of spite or necessity, he quitted his hold and plunged into the sea, where he must have been drowned, had not a sailor, who was in the boat along-side, saved his life, by
keeping him afloat till he was hoisted on board by a tackle. It would be tedious and disagreeable to describe the fate of every miserable object that suffered by the inhumanity and ignorance of the cap. tain and surgeon, who so wántonly sacrificed the lives of their fellow creatures. Many were brought up in the height of fevers, and rendered delirious by the injuries they received in the way. Some gave up the ghost in the presence of their inspectors; and others, who were ordered to their duty, languished a few days at work among their fellows, and then departed without any ceremony. On the whole the number of sick was reduced to less than a dozen, and the authors of this reduction ap. plauded themselves for the services they had done to their king and country.
SMOLLET, Roderic Random, vol. i. cb. 27,
IN the year 1907, about the time the English gained the battle of Saragossa, protected Portugal, and gave to Spain a king, my Lord Valiant, a general officer who had been wounded in fight, retired to Bareges for the benefit of the
The Count Medroso, who had fallen from his horse behind the baggage-waggons, a league and a half from the field of battle, had repaired also to the saine place. The latter had been well acquainted with the inquisition, on which account his lordship entered one day, after dinner, into the following conversation with him.
Lord Valiant. And so, Count, you have been an officer in the inquisition? You must have been engaged in a most villainous employment...
Medroso. Very true, my lord ; but as I had rather be their officer than their victim, I preferred ibe misfortune of burning my neighbour, to that of being roasted myself. 9. L. Valiant. What a horrible alternative! Your 6countrymnen were a hundred times happier under 'zbe yoke of the Moors, who permitted you to in
dulge dulge yourselves freely in superstition; and imperious as they were as conquerors, never dreamed of exercising that strange prerogative of enslaving souls.
Medroso. We are not permitted now either to write, speak, or even to think. If we speak it is
easy to misinterpret our words, and still much more so if we write. And though we cannot be condemned at an auto de fe for our secret thoughts, we are threatened to lie burning for ever, by the command of God himself, if we dare to think otherwise than the Dominicans. They have
persuaded the government also, that if we had commón sense, the state would soon be in a combustion, and the nation become the most unhappy people' upon earth. * L. Valiant. And do you believe that the Dutch, who have stripped you of almost all your discoveries in India, and who are now among your protectors, are really so abandoned by heaven, for having given free liberty to the press, and converted the thoughts of mankind into a profitable species of commerce ? Was the Roman empire less powerful for permitting Cicero to write his sentiments freely ?
Medroso. Cicero! Who is he? I never heard of his name before. We hear nothing of your Cicero's, but of our holy father the pope, and St. Anthony of Padua. Nay, I have : hitherto been told that the Romish religion is demolished fmen once begin to think for themselves.
L. Valiant. How are you to believe this who are assured that your church is of divine institution, and that the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. If this be true nothing can ever de
Medrose. Granted, but it may be reduced to almost nothing; Thus it is owing to this thinking that Sweden, Denmark, England, and the greater part of Germany, labour under the terrible misfortune of being no longer subject to the pope. It is even said, that if men thus continue to follow the light of their own mistaken understandings, they will be contented soon with the simple adoration of God, and the mere practice of inoral virtue. If the gates of hell should prevail so far as this, what would become of the holy office ?
L. Valiant. Had the primitive Christians thus been prohibited to think, Christianity would cer, tainly never have been established.
Medroso. I do not rightly understand what you mean,
L. Valiant. I mean to say that if Tiberius, and the rest of the
rest of the emperors, had encouraged Dominicans to prevent the primitive Christians, from the use of pen and ink; nay, had not the privilege of thinking freely been long enjoyed in Rome, it would have been impossible for the Christians to have established their tenets, If, then, the first establishment of Christianity were owing to this liberty of thinking, how contradictory and absurd is, it to endeavour to destroy char