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free-thinking, and the like occupations or every one" of which terms I was at much pains to make him understand,

SWIFT. Gulliver's Travels, part iv. ch. vi,

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WHAT's here? Gold? yellow, glittering, precious gold? Thus much of this will make black white; foul,

fair;

Wrong, right ; base, noble; old, young; coward,

valiant : Will lug your priests and servants from

your

sides; Pluck stout men’s pillows from below their heads ; This yellow slave Will knit and break religions, bless the accurst; Make the hoar leprosy ador'd; place thieves, And give 'em title, sense and approbation, With senators on the bench: this, this is it That makes the wappend wirlow wed again; She whom the spital house and ulcerous sores Would cast the gorge at, this embalms and spices To the April day again. Come, damn'd earth, Thou common whore of mankind, that put’st odds Among the rout of nations, I will make thee Do thy nature right.

O thou sweet king-killer, and dear divorce "Twixt natural son and sire! thou bright defiler Of Hymen's purest bed! thou valiant Mars ! Thou ever young, fresh, lov'd, and delicate wooery Whose blush doth thaw the consecrated snow

That

That lies on Dian's lap! thou visible god
That solderest close impossibilities,
And mak’st them kiss; that speak’st with every

tongue
To every purpose! O thou touch of hearts.
Think, thy slave man rebels

and by thy
virtue
Set them into confounding odds, that beasts
May have the world in empire.

SHAKESPEAR.
Timon of Athens, ect.

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THERE is thy gold; worse poison to men's

souls, Doing more murders in this loathsome world, Than these poor compounds that thou may’st not

sell :

I sell thee poison, thou hast sold me none.

IDEM. Romeo and Juliet, act. 0.

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MILITARY DISCIPLINE,

WHAT mortal that had never seen a soldier, could look without laughing, upon a man accoutred with so much paltry gaudiness and affeated finery? The coarsest manufacture that can be made of wool, dyed of a brick dust colour, goes down with him, because it is in imitation of scarlet or crimson cloth; and to make him think himself as like his officer as 'tis possible, with little or no cost, instead of silver or gold lace, his hat is trimmed with white or yellow worsted, which in others would deserve Bedlam ; yet these fine allurements, and the noise made upon a calf's skin, have drawn in, and been the destruction of inore men in reality, than all the bewitching voices of women ever slew in jest. To-day the swineherd puts on his red coat, and believes every body in earnest that calls him gentleman, and two days after serjeant Kite gives him a swinging sap with his cane, for holding his musket an inch higher -than he should do. As to the real dignity of the employincili, in the two, last wars, officers, when

recruit's

recruits were wanted, were allowed to list fellows convicted of burglary and other capital crimes, which shews, that to be made a soldier is deemed to be a preferment next to hanging. A trooper

is yet worse than a foot soldier, for when he is most at ease, he has the mortification of being groom to a horse that spends more money than himself. When a man reflects on all this, the usage they generally receive from their officers, their pay, and the care that is taken of them, when they are not wanted, must he not wonder how wretches can be so silly as to be proud of being called gentlemen soldiers ?

MANDEVILLE. Fable of the Bees : Remark (R)

When the young rustic is brought to the regiment, he is at firse treated with a degree of gentleness; he is instructed by words only how to walk, and to hold up his head, and to carry his firelock, and he is not punished, though he should not succeed in his earliest attempts: they allow his natural awkwardness and timidity to wear off by degrees :--they seem cautious of confounding him at the beginning, or driving him to despair, and take care not to pour all the terrors of their discipline upon his astonished senses at once. When he has been a little familiarised to his new state, he is taught the exercise of the firelock, first alone, and afterwards with two or three of his companions. This is not entrusted to a corporal or serjeant ; it is the duty of a subaltern officer. In

the

the park at Berlin, every morning may be seen the lieutenants of the different regiments exercising, with the greatest assiduity, sometimes a single man, at other times three or four together; and now, if the young recruit shows neglect or remiss. ness, his attention is roused by the officer's care, which is applied with auginenting energy, till he has acquired the full command of his firelock. He is taught steadiness under arms and the immobility of a statue :-he is informed, that all his members are to more only at the word of command, and not at his own pleasure ;--that speaking, coughing, sneezing, are all unpardonable crimes and when the poor lad is accomplished to their mind, they give him to understand, that now it is perfectly known what he can do, and therefore the smallest deficiency will be punished with rigour. And although he shoull destine every moment of his tine, and all his attention, to cleaning his arms, taking care of his clothes, and practising the manual exercise, it is but barely possible for

escape punishment; and if his captain happens to be of a capricious or cruel disposition, the ill-fated soldier loses the poor chance of that possibility:

The icading idea of the Prussian discipline is to seduce the common men, in many respects, to the nature of machines ; that they may have no volihon of their own?, but be actuated solely by that of their chicers; that they may liave such a superlative dread of those oíficers as annihilates all

fear

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