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-son, Sir Benjamin, was knighted at Basing Park by Queen was a grandson of Henry Tichborne, the second son of Elizabeth. In 26th year of this reign, he was Sheriff for John Tichborne and Margaret his wife, which John was Hampshire, and a county Member of Parliament in the Sheriff of Hants, 3rd Henry VII. Richard Tichborne, 35th year. He was created a baronet by James I., in third son of Sir John Tichborne, Knt. (temp. Edward III.), 1620, and was buried at Tichborne, in 1629. By his had by his wife, Alice, heiress of John La Hood, of West wife, Amphillis, daughter of Richard Weston, of Skrynes, Tisted, in Hampshire, a son. Richard, who assumed the in Roxwell, Essex-å judge of the Common Pleas-hé had name or Tisted, in which parish the Tichborne family have a son Sir Richard Tichborne, knighted in 1603, who lands. The male line expired, but the female line consucceeded as baronet, and died in 1657. He married tinued longer. The Frimley branch of the Tichborne Susanna, heiress of William Waller, of Oldstoke, Hamp- family was extant in 1826, in the person of Honora, shire (second wise), by whom he had a son, Sir Henry daughter of James Tichborne, of Frimley, and Honora, his Tichborne, the third baronet, who died in 1689, having wife, who married Wicksted. The Journal of the married Mary, daughter of William Arundell, next British Archæological Association for 1855, Vol. xi. pp. brother to Thomas, second Lord Arundell of Wardour. 277-302, contains an article on the De Lymerston family, Their son, Sir Henry Joseph Tichborne, Bart., succeeded illustrated by armorial seals of the Tichbornes
, including to the title and died in July, 1743, having married Mary those of Sir John de le Ticheborne, 15 Edward II. (1322), Kemp, of Slindon, Sussex. He was succeeded by his and Sir John Tichebourne, 10 Henry IV. (1409). Each has, brother, John Hermengild Tichborne, a priest of the as supporters for the arms, two lions, which have been Society of Jesus, as baronet, having left as issue surviving, handed down by subsequent generations to the present three daughters, but
These ladies married day.”—See The Herald and Genealogist, by Nichols, Vol. respectively, thus :-(1.) Mary Agnes married Michael iii., p. 424, and Vol. iv., pp. 95, 71. Blount, of Mapledurham, Oxon ; (2.) Frances Cecily, married George Brownlow Doughty, of Snarford, Lincoln ; THE BODLEIAN LIBRARY.-The Rev. W. D. Macray, and (3.) Mabella married Sir John Webb, Bart., of Hathe in his “Annals,” includes amongst the list of books, rop, Gloucestershire. The sixth Tichborne baronet died &c., in this repository—MSS. formerly in the possession of in 1785, having married the eldest daughter of the said cathedrals, monasteries, colleges, and churches in England, Mary Agnes and Michael Blount. This baronet, Sir Henry Scotland, and Ireland-a copy of the “Brevidruim Iller. Tichborne, was eldest son and heir of James Tichborne, Esq., dense,” printed at Lerida, in Spain, in 1479, a volume of of Aldershot and Frimley, by Mary Rudyard, a widow. the very highest rarity.” A set of the London Gazette, This James was the greatgrandson of Sir Walter Tichborne, 1669-1859, almost perfect, and a collection of London newsof Aldershot, Hampshire, knighted in 160., who was the papers, 1672-1737, in 96 vols. The Montagu bequest, second son of the first baronet, Sir Benjamin Tichborne. biblical, classical, and general, about 700 vols. of books, Sir Henry Tichborne, the seventh baronet, son of the sixth bequeathed by Captain Montagu, R.N., in 1863. The baronet, by the said Mary Blount, was detained in France Hope collection of Essays and Periodicals-British-760 as a prisoner early in this century. He married Elizabeth, specimens, chiefly of the eighteenth century. The Dugdale daughter of Edmund Plowden, Esq., of Plowden, Salop, Collection in 48 vols.; the Ashmolcan books and MSS. and died, in 1821, leaving issue, Sir Henry Joseph Tich- The MSS., and 970 printed vols. of Anthony A'Wood, with borne, eighth baronet, who died in 1844, having married his letters from Dugdale, Evelyn, &c. The books and MS. Anne, daughter of Sir Thomas Burke, Bart., of Galway, bequeathed by Dr. Martin Lister, in 1711-2. John who died in 1853, leaving issue six daughters, but no Aubrey's MSS. The Ouseley Collection of Persian and son; one daughter died in 1827, unmarried. The Arabic MSS. The Bligh Library, including a vol. of original brothers and sisters of the said Sir H. J. Tichborne, eighth | letters of Charles I., Clarendon, &c., and poems by Fairfax, baronet, were as follows :-(1.) An unmarried brother; (2.) and 18 autograph letters from Henry Hyde, 2nd Earl of Edward Tichborne, of Snarford, ninth baronet, who, having Clarendon—the latter were given by the late Lord Derby. assumed the name of Doughty under a royal licence, 1826, The original MS. of Wood's “ History and Antiquities of and the arms of Doughty, quarterly with those of Tichborne, Oxford,” in English. The Scott Collection of 1426 vols. of pursuant to the directions in the will of Elizabeth Doughty, Italian Topography, Antiquities, and Art. A set of the of Snarford, married, in 1827, the Hon. Catherine Monthly Review, 200 vols. The original MSS. of Burnett's Arundell, daughter of the ninth Lord Arundell, and he “History of his Own Times," and of some other documents. died in 1852, leaving issue ; (3.) James Francis, the Kingsborough's “ Mexico." The Oppenheimer Hebrew tenth baronet, who married, in 1827, Harriet Felicia Library, 5000 vols., of which 780 are in MSS. The Malone Seymour, daughter of Henry Seymour, Esq., of Knoyle, Collection of English Dramatic Literature, and Early Poetry. Wiltshire, and died in 1868, leaving issue, Alfred, The MS. of the Greek New Testament, called Codex eleventh baronet, his elder brother, Roger, is supposed to Ebnerianus ;” all the books except the Apocalypse. The have been lost at sea. This Alfred married a daughter of Clarke Collection of MSS., collected in Asia and Europe, by the late Lord Arundell, and died in 1866: a posthumous the Rev. E. D. Clarke, LL.D. The Bridges MSS., relative surviving son was born in May 1866; (4.) two brothers and to Northamptonshire, 37 vols. fol., 48 in 4to., 1 in 8vo. A four sisters, two of whom died young. The Gentleman's copy of “Gutenberg's Bible.” The Editio Princeps of Magazine, Vol. lxxx., part 1, p. 305, contains an engraving Homer.” • Florence, 1488." Kennicott's Collations of of Tichborne Church, and a description of the monuments Hebrew Biblical MSS: The Browne Willis Antiquarian in it. In Duthy's “ Sketches of Hampshire," a view is MSS., 59 vols. fol., 48 in 4to., 8 in 8vo. Two miniatures of contained of the ancient mansion at Tichborne, visited by James Edward, son of James II., and his wife, Clementina King James I., and removed in 1803, upon the site of Sobieski, and Kelly's Holy Table, a marble slab, covered which the present mansion is built near the River Itchen. with astrological figures, was
in this library, but it is now in This view is taken from the large picture by Tilburg, the Ashmolean Museum. The Tanner MSS. and books, painted in the reign of King Charles II., which represents collected by Thomas Tanner, Bishop of St. Asaph. The the ceremony of the Dole. Sir Henry Tichborne, the third Hody MSS. Collectanea, 400 or 500 vols., bequeathed by baronet, was a notable cavalier, and fought for King Dr. "Humphry Hody. Archbishop Usher's Collectanea. Charles I. at the Battle of Cheriton, near Tichborne. In Pococke's Hebrew MSS., 420, and the Huntington MSS., 1678, this baronet was committed to prison for his sup- 600. The Dugdale works and Codex Rushwarthianus, MS. posed complicity in Titus Oates's plot. His mansion house of the Latin Gospels
. The Fairfax valuable Collection, and family vault were searched and damaged. Chideoke Genealogical MSS., &c. . “ Dr. Gerard Langbaine's Adver. Tichborne, executed for his conduct with reference to saria,” 21 vols. The Digby MSS., 5 rols., 238 MSS., works Babington's conspiracy, in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, I by Roger Bacon, and others. Amongst the original books
were the "Christian Religion,” substantially treatised by It is therefore probably a mere error of taste when such passages Felix Kingston, the first book received from the Stationers' Company, in 1611. Chinese literature had been received evidently those of youth and inexperience. When the early subjec.
It is impossiblo not to wish well to a young poet whose faults are previously, also Russian, Persian, and Finnish works. tiveness of intellect and feeling have progressed into a more objective RUDSTON MONOLITH.-In Allen's “ Yorkshire," Vol. ii, in many instances, this transformation period of an incipient poet
stage, these slight inartistic blemishes will doubtless disappear. But P. 316, it is stated that this stone was covered with lead for changes the chrysalis into an insignificant moth, instead of a brilliant preservation from meteorological influences. There was a
butterfly; and the enthusiasm of feeling which brought forth the first
volume of poems, exists no longer for the production of even a similar block of stone, of mill stone grit, some yards east- second. It has been truly said that at one period of their lives, most ward. Camden believed them to be Roman trophies. In men are, to a certain extent, poets. Time is the test to show what Doomsday Rudston is called Rodstane. In Yorkshire Rud real creative power may be behind the downy shoots of the first means Red, and it is spelt Rudstan or Ruddestan. Near efforts in the hope that his role of poet may not have been under
growth. We shall, however, look forward to Mr. Barlow's further Boroughbridge are three similar stones, the Devil's Arrows, taken lightly to be abandoned. near the ancient Tseur. Rudston may have been so named from the stone, which is stated to be below ground the same depth which it is above in height.
Auswers to Correspondents.
B. G.-Jolin Holland, Earl of Huntingdon, was crcated Duke of
Exeter, in 1397, but reduced to his former title by Henry IV., and Notices of Books:
imprisoned two ycars later. He was beheaded at Pleshy in 1400.
K: 7. H.-See " Inquiry into the Origin and Early History of Journal of the Liverpool Numismatic Society. Edited by J. Harris Gibson. Liverpool: Henry Young. London: Reeves and Turner. formerly Keeper of Prints in the British Museum.
Engraving upon Copper and on Wood," by W. Young Ottley, July, 1873. The Journal of the Liverpool Numismatic Society for July contains
A. Çalthorp.-A list of many of the poetical works of Thomas two extremely interesting contributions by the editor, Mr. J. Harris
Churchyard will be found in Ritson's Bibl. Poctica, Biog. Brit., Gibson, and the well known antiquary, Mr. Henry Ecroyd Smith.
Lowndes's Bibl. Manual, and in Athen. Oxon. Mr. Gibson's paper gives an account of the founding of the Liverpool
R. T.-You will find an interesting biography of Mr. Thomas Hope, Theatre Royal in 1771. To accomplish this object, thirty gentlemen of Deepdene, in the Gentleman's Niagazine for April, 1831. subscribed the sum of 6oool., which was divided into thirty shares. Each shareholder received "A Silver Ticket to admit the bearer L. A.-Particulars of the ancient custom of Hunting the Ram, to any performance, and to any part of the house.". One of these formerly observed at Eton, are given in Carlisle's "Concise Descrip: silver tickets was discovered last October, by the workmen engaged tion of the Endowed Grammar Schools in England and Wales," in pulling down a large house, once the residence of Mr. Staniforth, p. 89. and latterly the Waterloo Hotel. Mr. Staniforth's name is upon the ticket, and on the reverse is the inscription, "Theatre Royal," with F. Gibson. The famous collection of coins, &c., formed by Thomas, the Liver, the typical bird of the borough arms, with a sprig or olive cighth Earl of Pembroke, were dispersed by public sale in 1848. branch in its beak. The medal is surrounded by z tasteful orna. mental border. Mr. Gibson seems to think the bird upon the silver H. T.-Refer to D'Aubigne's "History of the Reformation," an ticket does not in reality represent the Liverpudlian ornithological abridgment of which has been executed by the Rev. E. Dalton. emblem," that heraldic anomaly, yclept the Liver," but imagines it to be the crest of the Ireland-Blackburn family of Hale, and the
D. N. R.-The lines you allude to occur in the Parish Register," Mores of Bankhall." But the bird on the theatre-ticket is clearly
written by the poet Crabbe, and are as follows:Tveb-footed, and as such may well be intended to represent the sea
" That Bible, bought by sixpence trockly saved, gull, which, as in all maritime places, may be scen circling and
Has choicest prints by famous hands engraved ; carcering in the ncighbourhood of Liverpool in great numbers. The
Has choicest notes by many a famous head, bird in the crosts above-nanied is, on the contrary, not web-footed,
Such as to doubt have rustic readers led, and can thereforc hardly be supposed to represent the same as the
Have made themi stop to reason why? and how ? one on the theatre ticket, which would most naturally bear the crest
And, where they once agreed, to cavil now. of the borough arms. A copy of a play-bill of 1785 is given, in which
Oh! rather give me commentators plain, the names of Mr. and Mrs. Kemble appear. A curious item of the
Who with no deep researches vex the brain." same is the following announcement relating to the first character on the list:
S. R.-The poems of Alexander Hume were first printod in 1599.
You will find them in Sibbald's "Chronicle of Scottish Poetry," vol. By a GENTLEMAN of the ARMY. iii., pp. 367-97. (For his own amusement, being his second appcarance on the stagc.)”
E. C. L.-You will find an account of the libraries in ancient Prefixed to the second part of Mr. H. Ecroyd Smith's "Local in Warton's History of English Poetry, Diss. ii.
monasteries in Leland's “ Collectanea," vol. vi., p. 86 et. seq., also Numismatic Waify and Strays," is a map of the hundred of Wirral and the North Mcols coast, from which so rich a numismatic harvest R. 7. 7.- The Countess of Blessington died in June, 1849.. Her has been gleaned. A vertical section of the sea-beach of Cheshire, portrait was many times engraved, one is prehxed to her Idler in with admirable elucidations, is also added, and will be found most italy, instructive. Mr. Smith remarks that the farthings and halfpence in Edward the Confessor's reign were formed by cutting the pennies A. D. is referred to the answer given to Heraldicus, on p. 88, arte. into two or four pieces. A list of the coins found in this district from 1861 to 1870. is given, preceded by detailed descriptions of those discovered since the year 1867.
NOTICES. A Life's Love. By George Barlow. London: John Camden Hotten. MR. BARLOW's book of sonnets, cntitled " A Life's Love," reveals Correspondents who reply to queries wonld oblige dy referring to earnestness of feeling, refinement of taste, and some aspiration. the volume and page where such queries are to be found. To omit His verses, however, are characterized by an occasional morbidness, this gives us unnecessary trouble. A few of our correspondents are in reality, perhaps, more of expression than of feeling. The endeavour after an elevated artistic ideal is apparent, but the poems are less re
slow to comprehend that it is desirable to give not only the reference markable for what they are in themselves than suggestive of what their to the query itself, but that such reference should also include all author, with his idealistic tendency and tenderness, and charm of sen- previous replies. Thus a reply given to a query propounded at page timent may one day produce. The contents of the present rolume
4, Vol.iii., to which a previous reply had been given at page 20, and harp all too much upon one theme, and we should be glad to have some evidence of the writer's abilities in the larger forms of the
another at page 32, requires to be set down (Vol.iin. 4, 20, 32). of the higher idyllic, there is ample room in our language for a pen capable persons accomplished in literature or skilled in archæologs, poetic art, where the imagination has greater scope. In the regions We shall be glad to receive contributions from competent and wielded with truth and grace. Much of the mystic element is perceptible in Mr. Barlow's verse,
and generally from any intelligent reader who may be in possession and perhaps something of a kindred emotional nature prompts his of facts, historical or otherwise, likely to be of general interest. indulgence in repeated and too familiar reference to the Deity. The way in wbich this is done might indeed occasionally be stigmatized as
Communications for the Editor should be addressed to the Pube irreverent, if it were not so evidently meant to be in sober carnest. lishing Office, 81A, Fleot Street, London, E.C.
LONDON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 30, 1873.
From Paris Wilkes went on to Italy, and spent the years 1765 and 1766 in travelling. At the close of 1766, when
the Duke of Grafton became minister, Wilkes wrote two CONTENTS.-No. 78,
dignified letters to him, soliciting the clemency of the sove.
reign. Far away from London and the riots, he was like LONDON Riots :--The Wilkes Riots, 101.
an aclor out of an engagement.
In 1767 he published in Paris that collection of papers THE CASTLES, HALLS, AND MANOR HOUSES OF ENGLAND, 103. and letters from which we have already quoted. In these ANCIENT NEEDLEWORK AT THE SOUTH KENSINGTON MUSEUM, 105.
he related, with wit and vivacity, the whole story of his
arrest, and dwelt with wicked unction on the silver candle. QUERIES:-Sir William Hawksworth, 106-Oliver Cromwell-Keel. stick, and pocket-book with bills, which Grenville myrmidons
inge Family-Colonel John Lilburne-Admiral Blake-The had, he said, stolen from his house in Great George. Kimbers of Gloucestershire-Armorial-Ancient Jewel-Hill Family,
street. In March, 1768, Wilkes, pressed by debt, impatient
of exile, and of dying out of the popular memory, returned to REPLIES:-Mary Queen of Scots, 108-Cromwell's Grave-A Child's London, and addressed a letter of submission to the King,
Caul-Dies Irze-Rules of the Road-The Cake House in Hyde against whom no personal disrespect had been shown in the Pynke Family-Sir Hugh Smithson-Eisteddfod--Etymology of celebrated Number 45—that number which Prince George the Red Sea - Author Wanted - Wayz-Goose - Pengarswick (afterwards George IV.) used to shout along the Palace
Browne of Elsing-Crest and Motto of the Way Family-A corridors, with the amiable desire of vexing his father. New Surname.
Wilkes in his petition said :-"Some former ministers, MISCELLANEA:-Impressing, Choristers, 111-Shakespeare-London's whom your Majesty, in condescension to the wishes Progresso-Bangor Cathedral.
of the people, has thought proper to remove, employed NOTICES OF Books, 111.
every wicked and deceitful art to oppress your subject, and
to revenge their own personal cause on me, whom they ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS, 112.
imagined to be the principal author of bringing to the public view thetr ignorance, insufficiency, and treachery, to your Majesty and the nation. I have been the innocent' but
unhappy victim of their revenge. I was forced by their LONDON RIOTS.
injustice and violence into an exile, which I have never
ceased for several years to consider as the most cruel oppres. THE WILKES RIOTS.
sion, because I could no longer be under the benign pro
tection of your Majesty in the land of liberty. With a heart By WALTER THORNBURY.
full of zeal for the service of your Majesty and my country,
I implore, sire, your clemency. My only hopes of pardon (Continued from p. 91.)
are founded in the great goodness and benevolence of your The five years between the first and the second Wilkes Majesty; and every day of freedom you may be graciously riot require to be bridged over by a few biographical de pleased to permit me the enjoyment of in my dear native tails. In Paris this harlequin demagogue delighted the land, shall give proofs of my zeal and attachment to your wits and the literati. “This strange squinting Englishman,” wrote the Abbè Galliani, “has more wit and vivacity than
No answer being returned to the petition, Wilkes, on all Paris put together;” and by the French, Wilkes was the 16th of the same month, offered himself as a candidate
He failed in this bold considered to be a patriot of equal importance with Pitt. I to represent the City of London. In England the agitation continued greater than ever. attempt, though he polled 1,247 votes. He then, undis. Wilkes had already been deprived of the Colonelcy of the heartened, put himself up for the county of Middlesex, and Buckinghamshire Militia, and his backer, Earl Temple, had on the 26th was elected by a vast majority. But the Goverbeen turned out of the Privy Council. Wilkes filed early ment, incapable of forgiving, now stretched out its hand; in !764. On January, 14th, his complaint of breach of Wilkes
was taken up on a capias utlagatum, and committed privilege was heard in the House, and Sir William Meredith to the King's Bench. On the 18th June he was sentenced, moved that “general warrants
for apprehending the
twenty-two printers and publishers of seditious libels were not legal." months, to pay two fines
of 500l. each, and to give security Pitt launched his thunders at Grenville, and the opposition for his good behaviour for seven years, himself in 1,0001. was all but triumphant. The
people, sure of victory, had and two sureties in 500l. each. Sergeant Glynn, Wilkes's heaped together bonfires and prepared for an illumination. acting counsel, pointed out several errors in the outlawry, Even straws show the way of the wind. The night that and offered bail to any amount. Thurlow, bending his
The patriot the King went to Drury Lane to see the play of " All in the awful brows, replied, and bail was refused. Wrong," the gods shouted, " Let us be all in the right was at once committed to the custody of the Marshal' of the Wilkes and liberty." On January 14th, 1764, Wilkes was King's Bench. As he was proceeding in a hackney coach, expelled the House of Commons, soon after outlawed, in an undignified way for such a Themistocles, over West and, on February 21st, convicted in the Court of King's minster Bridge, the mob caught sight of their oblique-eyed Bench for publishing an obscene “Essay on Woman," and idol, and, shouting Wilkes and liberty,” stopped the for republishing the No. 45 of the North Briton." 'or the carriage, took out the horses, and dragged him back down “Essay on Woman ” Wilkes had only published twelve the Strand to a public-house in Spitalfields, and there kept copies for friends; but with his usual wicked malice he had him in that foul atmosphere till nearly midnight. Wilkes appended to it as author the name of the grave and arrogant who had been forced out of the coach at Temple Bar, and
then, as the crowd dispersed, went straight to the Marshal, Bishop Warburton. The Government had basely bribed a journeyman printer in Wilkes's employ to purloin a copy,
quietly surrendered himself. and it was denounced with shameless hypocrisy, in the The very next day an angry mob began to assemble House of Lords by Lord Sandwich, a member of the Hell round the King's Bench prison, and eventually a body of Fire Club, and one of the most abandoned noblemen of even soldiers was stationed near the gates, lest the mob might that dissolute age. In the mean time the fermenting city attempt a rescue.
This soon to bloodshed. presented its freedom to Chief Justice Pratt for the patriotic On Monday, May 9th, the day before the opening of Par. firmness of his decision on the question of general warrants, liament, the mob, expecting the release of Wilkes that he and hung his portrait in the Guildhall.
might take his seat in the House, grew more riotous and
noisy, and the Colonel's guard was accordingly doubled. A afternoon, she was returning from Spring Gardens in Charcharge was at last made, and eight of the ringleaders cap-ing Cross, on foot, with one Mrs. Goodbine, and, on their tured and committed to the new gaol at Southwark (Horse. arrival at the Asylum in St. George's Fields, some Horsemonger-lane), by two Surrey magistrates—Daniel Ponton Guards passed by at full speed, on which a gentleman, a and Samuel Gillam.
stranger to both, came up to Mrs. Egremont and offered his On the Tuesday the crowd was far greater. The people service to conduct her and Mrs. Goodbine along the road, had come with the full intention of welcoming their favourite, saying it was dangerous walking on account of the crowd and escorting him with full honours to Westminster. When and the Guards coming up; that instantly Mrs. Egremont the gates remained closed, the rough faces grew darker, and heard the discharge of fire-arms, and afterwards, being near the clamour greater. A paper of verses written by a poetical the middle of the New Road, near the Windmill, and Wilkite being torn down from the prison gate, the cry was endeavouring to cross, to avoid the next firing, she heard “Give us the paper," and the people would not be pacified. a second firing, and the gentleman with her desired her to The soldiers (most unfortunately a detachment of the 3rd look across the road, whereupon she discovered a woman Foot Guards, a Scotch regiment, and nearly all hot-blooded lying upon the ground, appearing to be wounded; and, at the Highlanders or Lowland Scots, whom the mob detested as same instant, a ball passed under her left arm, the gentle. being countrymen of Bute), commenced to push back the man with her having his arm about her waist in order to people with their muskets, and to force them away with protect her. She then cried out she should be killed, and rough threats. The rioters' fists began to close, their sticks to he immediately said he was a dead man; that she fainted brandish. Showers of blinding and stinging gravel were away, and, on coming to herself, found she was bloody, but thrown, and then the rioters took to stones and brickbats. In not wounded ; that she desired the people at the sign of vain the Surrey magistrate3 read the Riot Act as the soldiers the Windmill, a public-house, to let her in, but they refused, advanced, and the people for a time gave way. A young alleging that they were in danger of their own lives, and fellow in a red waistcoat was seen by the soldiers, as they could not open the door, but somebody handed a thought, urging on the stone throwers. Three Scotch sol. tumbler of water to her out of window; that, being diers, breaking from the ranks, made at him, and chased feeble, she went to the second hay.cart in the Haymarket him, as they imagined, into a cow-house, 500 yards distant, there, and sat down upon one of the shafts, where she had in St. George's Fields. In the cow-house they found a man not been above a minute before there was another discharge in a red waistcoat, and he fell from an intentional or acci- of fire-arms, and the deceased William Bridgeman being dental discharge of one of their muskets. He turned out, upon the hay in the same cart where she was sitting, said, however, unfortunately, to be an entirely innocent spectator, They are firing away,' on which the deceased directly the son of Mr. Allan, landlord of the Horse Shoe, an inn in dropped to the ground, saying, 'Lord Jesus Christ!' then, Blackman-street, in the Borough. The ball had passed in a low voice, My wife and children?' and uttered some through his collar bone, and come out at his back. His hand words, but not to be understood. The deceased then put also was pierced.
his hand to his side, where he had received a shot, and a In the meantime, the riot had grown so alarming that the stranger, unbuttoned his waistcoat and said the man was soldiers had received orders to fire. At the first volley six shot with a ball; that the people about him, as well as herpersons fell dead, and fourteen or sixteen were seriously self
, on account of the danger, left him in a helpless condiwounded. Two pregnant women were trampled to death. tion, and seemingly in great pain; and in about twenty The mob then dispersed, reassembling in different places in minutes afterwards he was carried along the road upon the the Borough to force persons to illuminate their houses ; but shoulders of several men, when he seemed
to be dead, and they were by degrees scattered by patrols of light horse. she heard that he died soon after receiving his wound. The next day there was a second attempt at a riot, although
“ The coroner, in summing up his evidence to the jury, the Foot Guards had barracks erected for them in the out-observed, that every unhappy case of this kind was attended houses of the prison.
with its particular circumstances, which were to be the imOn May 17th two inquests were held in the Borough, the mediate subjects of their attention and enquiry; that young evidence in which enables us to describe the details of the Allen's case was in no manner to bias them, nor were they riot with more minuteness.
to regard any reports; that they were to lay aside all
popular resentment or prejudice, and to give a verdict ac“The first was at the parish of St. Saviour, on the bodycording to the evidence, without any fear, favour, affection, of Mary, the wife of William Jeffs. It appeared that last hatred, or ill-will; in doing which they would act consistent Tuesday, about eleven in the forenoon, the deceased and with their oaths, and discharge their consciences. her daughter were attending close to the Haymarket, in St. George's Fields, with a double-handled basket, with oranges, verdict, chance medley, in which they confirmed the verdict
“The jury, after some time consulting, brought in their in order to sell them; that about two that afternoon they of the jury at St. Saviour's, Southwark.” heard that the soldiers were going to fire, upon which they and several other persons were removing to avoid the danger; of wilful murder against Donald Maclean, the Scotch soldier
The jury at the inquest on poor Allen returned a verdict and as the deceased and her daughter were carrying away who fired the shot, and his companion Donald Maclaury, as the basket between them, some of the soldiers fired, and the deceased fell down directly, and when taken up said she was
an accessory. Ensign Murray, the commanding officer, was only frightened, but not hurt; that she was soon after also arrested for aiding and abetting. As for Maclean he speechless, was let blood immediately, and then carried to narrowly escaped being torn in pieces by the enraged St. Thomas's Hospital, where she expired about an hour Wilkites. As usual in these street riots, the innocent after the firing. On her being undressed at the hospital, a
spectators suffered most. Allen was attended to the grave large gun-shot wound was discovered a little below her by 50,000 mourners, and on his monument in Newington navel, which she received about two hours after the procla Churchyard the following patriotic epitaph was engraved :mation had been read. The jury brought in their verdict,
SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF that she was accidentally and by misfortune killed by a soldier unknown, in endeavouring to suppress the rioters.
WILLIAM ALLEN, “ The second inquisition was taken at the parish of St. An Englishman of unspotted life and amiable George the Martyr, on the body of William Bridgeman.
Disposition : Mrs. Elizabeth Egremont, the wife of a surveyor, living in who was inhumanly murdered near St. George's Weston Street, in St. Olave's parish, appeared as a witness, Fields by an officer and two soldiers, on the roth and swore that last Tuesday, a little before three in the day of May, 1768, at a massacre of several of his
countrymen by Scottish detachments from the
way across, when the moat was cleared out in 1822, there army, on the pretence of supporting the civil appeared to be a small island, the water being very shallow power, which he never insulted, but had through and the bottom hard. It is the part of the bridge between life obeyed and respected.
this island and the building that is presumed to have been His disconsolate parents caused this stone to be movable. The staircase was probably constructed by Henry erected to an only son, lost to them and to the VIII. in a more peaceful age than that in which the fortress world in his twentieth year, as a monument of his was first erected. From this staircase a door leads into a virtues and their affection.
kind of cellar or store. In the corner, on the left of the en. trance, was a spacious room, with
a handsome chimney-piece, (To be continued.)
now destroyed, of the period of Henry VIII., carved wiih the arms of Sir Henry Guldeford, at that time constable of the
castle, quartering those of Colepeper. The principal floor THE CASTLES, HALLS, AND MANOR of the keep contains three good fireplaces, with the arms of HOUSES OF ENGLAND.
Henry VIII. in the spandrels. The rose and pomegranate
also occur in them, together with the castle of Castille, by LEEDS CASTLE, KENT.
which it would seem they were executed before Katharine
of Aragon fell into disfavour. The interior wall, as left by (Continued from page 41.)
Henry VII. and VIII., was of timber and plaster, and the Just by the drawbridge leading to the keep was a kitchen oak or chestnut cornices were richly moulded. In the alterconstructed of timber, from which it is probable that the hall ation and repairs that were affected in this part of the castle may have been over, or nearly over, the cellar. This is the in 1822, much of the old material was made use of in the more probable as there was in this kitchen an ancient new walls. The interior of the keep, prior to the above date, oven, built in the thickness of the wall, part of which pro- mains of it, for nine of the rooms were burnt by some Dutch
consisted of Sir Henry Guldeford's work, or rather the re. jected from the outside on a bold corbel, still remaining.
An archway of freestone led to the drawbridge which prisoners confined there in the reign of Charles II. The originally supplied the means of communication between of them had been hung with tapestry, and on the foors were
remaining rooms formed three sides of a quadrangle; some the keep and the other part of the building; . The quadrant, carved chess-boards, probably the work of the Dutch carefully executed in the stonework, in which it traversed, when raised or lowered, is still perfect, under the openings
prisoners. of the stone arch erected in 1822. This drawbridge was
Quitting the keep, the visitor ascends the winding stair. long ago replaced by a timber erection of two stories boarded case of the clock-tower. The bell which this tower contains over, and the passages enclosed by side walls of lath and is one on which the curfew has been rung for many generaplaster; and this again, at the date just mentioned, was tious, the custom being kept up, this day: it bears date superseded by the stone bridge of two stories as it now stands. 1435. There is also an ancient clock, supposed to be of the In the ministers accounts, temp. Edward III., the ancient same date, which strikes on the same bell, but wbich has no drawbridge is called the Pons Gloriettæ, from the fact of its dial or hands. A pendulum has been substituted for the leading to the tower called the “gloriette,” which now con- original balance, and within the last few years some new tains the clock, &c. The entrance to the lower story of the wheels have been added to facilitate the work of winding it keep is a fiat trefoil or shouldered arch, similar to the one up. noticed in the gate house ; above the arch is part of the Retracing our steps over the bridge which connects the keep work of Henry VIII., who restored the whole of the upper to the central island, we enter the principal domestic apartstory. On the left of the entrance was the chapel. Three of ments. In this portion of the castle, which was erected by the original windows remain, together with the arch which the grandfather of the present owner in 1822, some of the old contained the rich tracery of a fourth. These windows are work has been introduced, especially a handsome oak of the period of Edward I., about 1280, as is also the outer chimney-piece in the dining-room of the time of James I., arch of the richer one; but new tracery was put in about several of the oak spandrels of Henry VIII.'s time, and a 1314-15, as the survey then taken states that the original curious chimney-back (brought from an old manor house on tracery was destroyed by a hurricane. The design of this the estate), which appears to have been cast at the latter window is of that peculiar geometrical kind called termination of the Wars of the Roses. It is divided " Kentish tracery,” examples of which are to be found only into two compartments by a pattern in the shape of two in that county and in a small part of Sussex. The interior arches; each arch contains a crown, of the period of Henry subdivision of the keep is modern; but it is evident that the VII., with a rose beneath it, and the two panels are united chapel, when used as such, was divided into two stories at by what seems intended for a cord. The andirons or fire. the end opposite to the altar. The step to the raised altar dogs in the same fireplace were found in the room used as is indicated by a difference in the level of the bases of the the withdrawing-room over the banqueting-room of Henry shafts with which the jambs of the windows are em- VIII already mentioned and have also the rose and crown bellished. The chapel, which has for many years served and fleur-de-lis among their decorations. From this it is for domestic purposes, is now (1873) in process of restora- almost certain that they belonged to the king. tion, in order to be converted to its original use. A little The whole of the rooms in this part of the castle are very beyond the chapel, Henry VIII. seems to have pulled down lofty and imposing, and admirably adapted for comfort and a part of the outer wall, for the purpose of inserting two convenience. Amongst the paintings ihat adorn the walls large windows; one of them a bay-window, of octagonal may be mentioned : Thomas, second Lord Colepeper, by character, is in what was probably his banqueting-room. Hanneman; Margaret, his lady, daughter and heiress of Over the banqueting room was a withdrawing-room, and Prince Jean de Hesse; the Prince of Hesse Bergen, her beyond it, where the larder is now situated, was probably a father; two portraits of Thomas, third Lord Fairfax, the second kitchen, as there is an unusually large opening for a celebrated Parliamentary General (several MSS. of his are chimney without any carving or hearth, and the flue divides also preserved here, together with his doublet and shocs); itself into two in the upper story.
Mary, his only daughter and heiress, Duchess of Bucking. On the eastern side of the keep is a newel staircase, ham, which, in the eyes of Walpole, when he visited Leeds which leads to a postern, opening on the moat. It has Castle in 1752, was “the only recompense for all the fatigue been conjectured that there was formerly a wooden foot. he had undergone" in getting there; George Villiers, Duke bridge across the moat at this point, of which the portion of Buckingham, her husband, and a series of portraits of the next the building, at the least, was movable. About half Fairfax family. There are also several interesting curiosities,