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ANCIENT NEEDLEWORK AT THE SOUTH We shall reserve for further notice other specimens of

needlework of great archaic interest in this collection. A KENSINGTON MUSEUM.

word of praise must be accorded to the excellent arrange, The impression on entering this Exhibition is one of sud- ment of the Catalogue, which greatly facilitates the study of denly increased respect for the achievements of the needle the special styles of decoration in vogue during successive

centuries. and its votaries. The collection possesses features of

(To be continued) striking interest. Prominent among well-known names, we observe that of the beautiful Queen of Scots, and not only in accidental connection with various important works; WORMLEY CHURCH AND MEMORIALS, but we meet also with various evidences of her own personal skill as a needlewoman. The name of Her Majesty the

HERTFORDSHIRE. Queen is attached to three contributions stated to be the The road leading from the village of Wormley to the work of the lovely and ill-fated Mary Stuart. One of these church has upon each side, for a considerable distance, a is a work-box, the frame of which is of ebony, with the side beautiful row of oak trees, whose gnarled and rugged panels filled in with embroidery. The ground is of white branches meet sympathetically above, and at this time of damask, the decoration consisting of flowering plants worked the year—when nature shows her prettiest face-being in full in coloured silks, the subject on the top of the box being foliage, form a beautiful avenue; the blue sky only peeping Jacob's Dream. Owing to the destructive effects of time, the details are barely distinguishable, but the lion and the through the thickly-mantled foliage here and there. The

hedges, too, speak of rural elegance and luxuriance; here lamb may be observed in harmonious proximity, and angels may be seen the bushes of the homely “blackberry" mingled with yellow silken wings are descending and ascending the with the “ May," and the glossy-leaved holly with other ladder. Another specimen of Queen Mary's handiwork, lent kindred companions. The scene, viewed from the bridge by Her Majesty, is the basket said to have been used for the

near the entrance, taking in the little lodge as the extreme infant wardrobe of James VI. of Scotland, circ. 1565; It is background, is exceedingly romantic, and worthy of the of cane, lined with blue silk, but some portions have fallen out artistic efforts of some of our painters of natural scenery: from age, and altogether it has a dilapidated, melancholy ap. From the lodge, passing on the left by some magnificent pearance. It is placed on the easy chair, also said to have trees and woodland scenery in “Grant's ” estate, we, after been embroidered by the same regal hands, and lent by Her Majesty the Queen. The ground of this is red, with figures

a gentle ascent, reach the church, snugly situated on a small worked upon it in silk. Close to these triste relics is one of eminence, almost hid from the road by a variety of wideequally sad associations, and which, partly from the beauty shades and tints the ground. A placid and holy serenitude

spreading trees, of which the different coloured foliage of its manufacture, as well as from the melancholy memories

seems to envelope this pretty secluded spot, which is truly which it serves to call forth, is visited and dwelt

impressive. intense and expressive eagerness by numbers of ladies. It

The church-which consists of a chancel, nave, and south is a white linen embroidered shirt, formerly belonging to King Charles I., and lent by the Duchess of Richmond. The aisle, the nave containing a small belfry-viewed from the

outside, certainly bears a somewhat modern appearance, square falling collar trimmed with lace, with which we are

and is rather unimposing. The greater part of the walls, so familiar, is there, and the front and sleeves and seams are exquisitely worked in fine embroidery. The linen is not plaster; the south aisle has a facing of broken Aints,

with the exception of the south aisle, are cast with rough particularly fine, but has the appearance of the honest, which contrasts oddly with the other part of the building; genuine homespun, still to be found in use in Germany and and, to heighten the contrast, the roof of the south aisle is Italy. Almost equally interesting, at least to ladies, is the collec. with red tiles. There are two small doors in the south side

slated, while the remaining portion of the roof is covered tion of infant garments made by Queen Elizabeth for the one of these leading into the chancel), and also a porch; but prospective heir of Queen Mary T. Cap and shoes are of the principal entrance, though small, is at the north side of white satin and destly fashioned. The remainder of the the nave, and near the western wall, from which a path leads liliputian trousseau is extremely neat, but “all very plain, directly to the residence of the rector. The inside bears a and with no work at all on it!" as a scrutinizing and deeply-interested mother, accompanied by a friend and two pillars ; the pillars separating the nave from the south aisle.

more ancient appearance, with its Gothic-looking arches and babies, remarked. In an adjacent case, we find a luxurious pincushion em

Everything in this church looks scrupulously clean, showing broidered with coloured silks and trimmed with rich silver matter. On the west wall of the nave is an inscription

that great care is bestowed by the rector in regard to this lace, once the property of Queen Elizabeth; also a pair of which informs us that “The belfry and west end of this white satin shoes, gaunt and grotesque enough in comparison church were rebuilt by Sir Abraham Hume, Bart., A.D. with the slim French models of the present day; these are 1826." also worked in coloured silks and silver, and are lent by the

Turning to the chancel we find on the east wall a large Countess Brownlow. A white satin pocket-book similarly oil painting, said to have been executed by Palma,” reembroidered, and also once belonging to the same august presenting our Lord's “Last Supper;” some of the portraits personage, is in the same case. Then, next to these, we find thereon depicted are rather impressive. Above this is a the saddle, covered with crimson silk velvet, and richly de- fine stained glass window, and à brass plate on the north corated with gold and silver, used by King James I. when wall records thatproceeding to his coronation, and contributed by the Baroness Willoughby de Eresby. Also the leather straps and the brass stirrups, with the elaborately embroidered saddlecloth of crimson velvet, likewise used by the sagacious THE CENTRE LIGHT BY PENELOPE H. PRICE, monarch on the same occasion are there. In the same case is exhibited a white satin pillow-case worked with coloured BROTHER WILLIAM WORTHINGTON, WHOSE silks, and a red silk toilet-cover inlaid with stripes of silver wire, and trimmed with broad silver lace, both having belonged to Queen Elizabeth. There are also two very inte MEMBERS OF THE CONGREGATION. 1865. resting miniatures in minute silk embroidery (17th century) H. H, MINCHIN, RECTOR. in the same case; one of Charles I., lent by Mrs. Fernyhough; the other of Charles II., lent by Lady Charlotte Schreiber.


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There are also two other stained glass windows in this four open spaces, the two right spaces being each occupia church; one in the south wall of the chancel, in memory of by a bird, and the two left by a rabbit or hare. "Mary Emma Jones, died 1869, aged 73;" the other, in Nothing appears to be known respecting the last three the south aisle, commem

emorating the death of “Henry John brasses, by which we could remedy the existing deficiencies : Grant, of the Gnoll, Glamorganshire, &c., in 1861," and whose that commemorating Howton is not even mentioned in tomb in the churchyard will be duly noticed. Among the standard histories, &c., in which we should expect infor. less notable objects to be seen within this structure, are a mation would be given. The brass strip on Lok's tomb gilded plate (used for collections), on the outer rim of was in the same fragmentary state* when Salmon wrote which these words are inscribed : _“In Vfum Ecclefiæ his History, which was published in 1728.7 Parochialis de Wormley in Com. Hertford Anno Domi. Passing now from the brasses, the next memorial to be 1699;" two ancient-looking chairs standing in the chancel ; taken in point of antiquity is a white tablet, standing on the and a venerable font at the western end of the nave, which, north wall of the chancel, and abutting the east, on which by outward appearance, seems to tell of the several suc we readcessive generations to whom, from its bosom, the symbolical water of life has been imparted. The royal arms in

Viuo tibi moriorq tibi tibi christe Resurgamthis church are of carved wood.But the most interesting HERE LYETH INTERRED YE BODIE OF ANGELETT TOOKE, and valuable objects are the monuments and inscriptions, to render a detailed account of which is more particularly OF WALTER TOOKE OF POPES IN YE PISHE OF BYSHOPPS my special object.

HATFEILD At the east end of the chancel, within the altar rails, and IN YE COUNTIE OF HERTFORDE ESQVIER, WHO HAD ISSVE on the floor, are four stone slabs with inlaid brasses, which I BY HIM VIIJ SONNES & IIIJ DAVGHTERS WHICH SAID shall at once proceed to enumerate, beginning with the

ANGE oldest, on which is a narrow brass plate inscribed to Johannes LETT WAS YE SECOND DAVGHTER SURVIVINGE SISTER Cleve


HEIRE OF WILLM WOODLIFE CITIZEN & MERCER OF Hic iacet Johës Cleve quda Rector hiu Ecclic de Tormele LONDON


ESQVIER ppitieto ds.

WHICH SAIDE WILLM WOODLIFE WAS LORDE & PATRON On the second slab (abutting on the north wall) is a similar plate, but imperfect, and recording that


WILLM HER HUSBANDE, THE SAIDE ELIZABETH MARIED Wer' lyih Emund Howton & Annes his Wyf ye whiche



HUSBANDS LYETH ALSO HERE BVRIED. THE SAID AN. ou ...... On this stone are the effigies in brass (in good preserva- TOOKE DYED THE LAST DAYE OF MAY 1598 ANNOQ tion) of Howton and his wife; and at the foot is a small REGINE ELIZABETH QVADRAGESIMO brass on which are represented the five children of the above. Morsq mihi hic ruin est tu mihi christe salus. The third slab contains two fine brasses (a male and female figure), and three small ones representing (1) armorial On the south side of the chancel is an elegant monument, bearings; (2) four females on the right; (3) eight males beautifully decorated, consisting of a canopied tomb. The on the left; the last two brasses showing that the deceased canopy, which is surmounted by a brilliantly emblazoned coat were the parents of twelve children. The names of the of arms in the centre, has at each corner a nude male child ; couple here commemorated are not given, neither is the the one on the right has the right foot on a spade, the date. The following epitaph is inscribed on a brass plate other on the left has the left foot on a skull. Beneath the at the head

canopy, on two slabs, lie the recumbent figures, in marble,

of William Pureveye and his wife. Pureveye is in his official Christ is to me as life on earth, and death to me is gaie robe, and his wife, in the ordinary costume of a lady of rank. Because X truste thorowe him alone, saluation to obteyne, Both wear round their necks the starched ruffs peculiar So bryttle is the state of man, so soone it dothe decay, to the age in which they lived. The lady is represented So all the glory of the worlde must passe and fade awaye. lying on the lower slab on her left side (her head resting on In vita vana vita.

her left arm, on a tasselled pillow), with a book in her right

hand, one of her fingers being introduced inside the book, On the fourth slab, which abuts upon the south wall, are as if she had fallen asleep reading. The husband, who is the remains of a narrow strip of brass commencing from left nearest the wall, lies by the side of his wife, and in a to right, and running partly down the right side. The inscription on the remnant extending from the left side is that shown (infra) to the first breakage; the next fragmentary the name Cok. By the costumes figured on the brasses it is evident

* Salmon does not give the last f in Lok's inscription and renders line is that on the right side.

that this memorial dates from the latter part of the fifteenth century;

the lady wearing her hair in caul and couvre-chief, a fashion prevaHere lyeth John Lok, yoman and A

lent in Richard III.'s reign. . . passed to God owte of thys transsitorie

† There were also two other memorials in this church (but they are

now gone), with the following inscriptions :There are also on this slab the effigies, in brass, of John (1.) "Hic jacet Richardus Ruston quondam Rector istius Ecclesiæ

This is mentioned by ClutterLok and his wife, (the lower part of the brass on which qui ob. Maij 27, A.D. 1457, Cujus An." the male figure is represented is broken off, and is, of course,

(2.) “Of your charity pray for the soul of Mr. Edward Shambroke, missing) and three small brasses on which are figured (1) sometime parson of this church and prebendary of the mother church ten children; (2) an ecclesiastic in a stall, with his right of St. Paul in London, which deceased Dec. 23rd, 1530.

domine pardon." hand uplifted as if in the act of exhortation or benediction, and in front of the stall the representation of Christ cruci- incorrectly, he giving Angelot, for Angelett; Woodcliffe, for Wood

The greater part of this inscription is quoted by Salmon, but fied; (3) five trees arranged at regular distances, forming / life, &c.



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Whose soul

Klar position, only that his head is supported by his left and. He has a roll of parchment or paper in his right

Queries. mand. Two black marble columns, based with white marble containing coat of arms, appear to support the

BLACK DOUGLAS.-I have in my scrap book, an engrav. canopy from the lower slab, and underneath this slab, directly ing cut out of the Illustrated London News many years beneath the figures, is an arch, in which is the sculptured ago, representing five ancient swords, carried in some effigy of a young lady holding a skull in her hands. The Scottish procession; I think on the occasion of laying the hair of this young lady is dressed back from the forehead, in foundation stone of the Wallace Monument. These weapons fact, similar to the old-revived fashion of a few years since. are alleged to be the swords of Sir William Wallace, King I may mention that, with the exception of the arch, the whole Robert Bruce, Sir John de Graeme, the Laird of Lundin, of the basement part of this monument appears to be solid and the Black Douglas. I should be glad to know who is from the slab above mentioned.

meant by the latter title. It certainly cannot be the “Good Under the canopy are the words MEMORIÆ SACRVM; Sir James," the friend of Bruce, for the sword is evidently the words being separated by a skull and flanked on each of the sixteenth century, with the peculiar guard, and the side by a female figure bearing a wreath and branch in her crescent-like projections on the blade, of that period. It hands'; and beneath this, but above the figures, is a black is said to be in the possession of “W. Campbell, Esq., of tablet with the following inscription :

Tillichewan.” I have some doubts, too, about the supposed

sword of Sir John de Graeme. It bears on the blade the HERE LYETH THE BODY OF WILLIAM PVREVEYE ESQ ONE initials S. F. G., and the date 1406; whereas Sir John fell OF HIS MATIES AVDITORS OF THE DUCHY OF LANC: & at the battle of Falkirk, in 1298, 108 years before. Again, PATRON

it is a basket-hilted sword, and I am not aware that any OF THIS Chirch (ALTERNIS VICIBVS) WHO LIVED IN THE swords of that pattern were known in Scotland in the GRACE AND FAVOVR OF HIS PRINCE AND LOVE OF HIS

thirteenth century.

Planche, in his “History of British CUNTRY & HAD TO HIS ESPOVSED WIEFE DOROTHY

Costume," speaks of the basket-hilts as first appearing
SISTER TO THE RIGHT HONORABLE EDWARD LO: DENNY* about 1574, and Meyrick seems to think they were in-
BARON OF WALTHAM : AND AS A GOOD BENEFACTOR troduced from Italy. The word "claymore,” though ap.

PROVIDED BOTH FOR THE BETTER MAYNTENANCE plied to the basket-hilted sword, signifies “the great or big

sword,” and must, therefore, have been the designation of THIS PARISH, AND THE PREACHINGE OF THE GOSPEL

the two-handed sword. The (so called) sword of Sir John IN THIS CHVRCHT AND AFTER HE HAD LIVED LIXI

de Graeme was lent for the occasion by the Duke of MonYEARES THEN RESTINGE FROM HIS LABOVRS DIED

trose. The other four swords are all two-handed, That of THE 23" (sic) OF AvGVST IN THE YEARE OF CHRISTES

Wallace was from Dumbarton Castle; that of Bruce was

lent by the Earl of Elgin and Kincardine, and that of the
On the left hand and basement part of the monument, Laird of Lundin by Lady Willoughby de Eresby. I should
near the lower slab and arch, is a small black tablet, on be glad to have some information as to the authenticity of
which may be read a quaint and original epitaph, seem- these interesting relics.
ingly having reference to the young lady in the arch. A

John McLEOD.
small portion of the right side of the tablet is chipped
and broken off, but I append the epitaph in its present form, EMBLAZONED SHIELDS. — At what period was the use
supplying hereunder the words now deficient :-

of emblazoned shields in battle discontinued by mounted
knights? In Jesse's “Memoirs of Richard III.," it is stated

that at the battle of Bosworth, fought August 22, 1485,

Sir Walter Hungerford shivered the shield of Sir Robert GOOD HONOR DENNEY VE ADORN'D IN LYFE

Brakenbury, and that Sir John Byron held his shield over AL CVT ASVNDER BY DEATHES CRVEL KNIF

his dying friend, Sir Gervoise Clifton. Referring to the FORESEING DEATH SHE SYNGE A SWANLIKE SON

illuminations of the Ghent Manuscript, quoted in Vol. xxi. IOYEINGE TO BE WITH CHRISTE ERELOG.

of " Archäologia,” and apparently written in 1471, in the HIR BODY SLEPES SHE'S SET IN HEAVENLYE JOYE

first miniature, representing the battle of Barnet, fought SCOR’ING || AL EARTHLY THINGS AS PALTR

April 14, 1471, none of the knights are represented with
shields. "In the second miniature, representing the battle

of Tewkesbury, Edward IV. has a shield emblazoned with The final words of the lines, commencing from the fourth the royal arms, but none of the other combatants have any (and excepting No. 6), originally read, knife, song, joyes, defence of that kind. In the third miniature the scene is and paltry toyes, at least so says Chauncey, the historian, the execution of the Duke of Somerset, and Edward IV. and common sense.

stands looking on, with a shield emblazoned with the royal

J. PERRY. arms slung round his neck. In the fourth miniature is (To be continued.)

shown the attack of the Bastard of Fauconberg on London.

Here again the knights are without shields. In the engrav* The Denny family occupied for a considerable period a prominent ings of the battle of Spurs (1513) no shields are visible, nor Edward Denny was a descendant of Sir Anthony, the esteemed and am I aware of any painting or engraving of the sixteenth personal friend of Henry VIII. Sir Anthony Denny was the only one century in which they occur. that could be found courageous enough to apprise that imperious monarch, when on his death-bed, of his fast-approaching dissolution.

JOHN H. JONES. Approaching the bed, and leaning over it, Denny uttered the following plain, but memorable words, "that all human aid was now

HUMAN REMAINS COFFINED IN CEMENT.-I should vain, and that it was mecte for him to review his past life, and seek for be glad if any of your numerous readers can inform me mercy through Christ." These words speak much for the integrity how long this mode of sepulture is supposed to have My very good friend and fellow townsman, Mr. W. Winters, has been practised, and when it ceased. The lately reported collected a vast amount of information relative to the Denny and Roman stone coffins found at York, in which the dead had other celebrated families of local worth and notoriety, which, with been thickly enveloped in lime, remind me that, during the other local matters, I hope to see, before long, duly published. + These figures, as can be seen by a close inspection, are en

late restoration of the church of West Kirby, N.W. Cheshire, graved over LVII.

doubt having been when sculptured remains of the 9-10th century were disinscribed in error.

closed, a child's coffin in stone appeared, the remains having Pureveye endowed the rectory with 20l. per annum.

been immersed in a mass of cement, completely filling the $ Ere long. Scorning.

receptacle, and the sand used proved to have been procured



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The latter number no

from the sea beach, being replete with shelly débris. In thi EDISBURY HALL, CHESHIRE.-In Gibson's (edition 1695) instance the interment was held not to be earlier than tho | Camden there is mention made of De-la-Mere Forrest, and eleventh century; but the question arises, what satisfactory “So noted a place as Edisbury Hall, which gives rise not data have we to guide us on the subject ?

only to an eminent family, but also to a whole hundred." H. ECROYD SMITH.

I also learn that in Chatham Church, there is a fine marble

bust to the memory of Kenrick Edisbury, died 1638, RELICS OF CHARLES I.-It is stated in the "Beauties surveyor of his Majesty's navy; whilst Pennant mentions of England and Wales” (Vol. xiv., p. 201, published in 1813), Erddig Hall, co. Denbigh, (at present the seat of the that, in the vestry of Ashburnham Church, Sussex, are pre-Yorkes) as being built by Joshua Edisbury, who was high served the shirt, stained with some drops of blood, in which sheriff for the county in 1685. Charles I. was beheaded, his watch which he gave at the

In an old print I read “ The Edisburys were ardent place of execution to Mr. John Ashburnham, his white silk royalists, and lost their estates, their all, for church and king.” drawers, and the sheet that was thrown over his body. These Is anything further known of this family; armorial bearings, relics, it is added, “ were bequeathed in 1743, by Bertram &c. ? I should also be glad to learn whether the family is Ashburnham, Esq., to the clerk of the parish and his suc

extinct or not. cessors for ever. May I ask if they are still to be seen in

J. E. F. the vestry of the parish church at Ashburnham ?


GUY FAWKES. -Is anything known concerning the Yorkshire family to which Guy or Guido Fawkes belonged ?

I have a dim recollection of seeing, many years ago, a book, THE FIFTH MONARCHY MEN.-Is anything known of the existence of the once influential sect of Fifth Monarchy Fawkes's of York;" it had for a motto the lines

or rather I think, a pamphlet, bearing the title of “The Men, after the execution of Venner, the wine cooper of Coleman Street, and his followers for their desperate “And countless generations of mankind insurrection in 1661 ? I should be glad also to know the

Depart, and leave no vestige where they trod," titles of any works throwing light on the opinions and

or some similar words. I should be glad to know the name practices of this religious body.

of the author of the said work as a means of identifying it. JANE BAKER.

JAMES AUSTIN. OLD TAPESTRY.-In the Castle of Kilkenny, built by CROXBY CHURCH, LINCOLNSHIRE.—I am anxious to Randolph, Earl of Chester, in the 13th century, I learn from obtain information respecting the early history of this church, an old volume of the “Gentleman's Magazine” that there especially that wherein the names of Ravensdale and Pollard was preserved some remarkably fine large tapestry, repre are identified (circ. 13th cent.). The church is dedicated to senting the history of the Spanish monarchy from the ex. All Saints, and is said to be of considerable antiquity. pulsion of the Moors to the beginning of the 18th century, worked by Spanish nuns, and brought from Vigo by a Duke

W. WINTERS. of Ormond. Is this tapestry now placed where it can be inspected by the public ? I should also be glad of a short authority the author of " The Town of Denbigh,” in chapter

Welsh AMERICAN INDIANS.—Is it known on what description of it.


iü, of the work, under the title of “Events not mentioned in

the preceding chapters,” affirmed that Madog ap-Owen WOLVES IN ENGLAND.-Is there any authentic notice or quitted in the year 1469 the vale of Clwyd and reached the

Gwynedd,” a Welsh chieftain, with many of his followers, record of the final extirpation of wolves in England ? Mac- continent of America fully thirty years before Columbus Queen of Pollochock is said to have killed with his dirk the discovered that world? Returning next year, they took last Scottish wolf, but I do not know the period at which the with them more, and are said to have founded a tribe of gallant Highlander flourished.

Welsh American Indians.

J. P. S.
THE TICHBORNE FAMILY.-Was the Tichborne whose THE CROMWELLS.-Was Thomas Cromwell (afterwards
signature appears on the death warrant of Charles I. any Earl of Essex), who was beheaded in 1540, and who is said
relation to the Tichborne family whose estates have for the to have been the son of a blacksmith at Putney, in any way
last few years been such a celebrated bone of contention ? related to the Cromwells, Barons Cromwell of Tatshall ?
The arms on his seal are the same as theirs. Are any par-

A. CAMERON. ticulars known respecting him? The arms of the Tichborne family, with the date 1688, may be seen over the entrance to THE ABACUS OF PALAMEDES. Can any of your readers Tichborne Court, on the front of an old house in Holborn. more learned in Roman antiquities than myself, describe the Did the Tichbornes hold any property in that neighbour nature of this game ? It appears to me to have somewhat hood ?

resembled the modern game of backgammon. A, KIMBERLY.

T. Cook. FOND FELLOW.-What is the meaning of the expression tombs usually more ancient than those which were carved in

WOODEN EFFIGIES.- Are the wooden effigies on ancient fond fellow? In Bloomfield's “English Martyrs,” it occurs frequently as used by the bishops and others. In the trial of stone ?, I should be glad if any of your readers could favour John Philpot for heresy, the Bishop of Worcester is made to

me with some particulars of the earliest wooden effigies

known to exist. say, addressing Philpot :-"Thou art the arrogantest fellow,

W. R. DAY. and stoutest fond fellow that ever I knew.” In another part the term fond foolish fellow is used.

THE 5TH Foot.-From what circumstances do the 5th SHAGRIT.

Foot derive the peculiar colour of their facings? It is a sage KILLIECRANKIE.-In what work can I find a correct

green, and is worn by no other regiment. copy of the old Scottish song of “Killiecrankie," descrip

J. COLEMAN. tive of the battle of that name, in which the celebrated FARMERS' TOKENS.-Can you give me some particulars “Bonnie Dundee,” better known as Claverhouse, fell ?

concerning the earliest use of these tokens ? P. MCKENNA.

G. D.

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used by the Romans; hence the word calculation. The Replics.

earliest known counters struck in England for the use of

monasteries appeared first in 1272 and continued till 1500. COUNTERS, OR JETTONS (Vol. iii. 307).—Counters, or These counters appear to have been current only among the “ Abbey Jettons," as they are sometimes called, are very travelling monks in their business transactions one with the frequently to be met with near the foundations of old other. ome little account of jettons or counters will be monastic buildings. Some time since one or two early found in the Gent.'s Mag., Vols. Ix. 788, lxi. 891, and lxiv. 559. silver jettons were unearthed in the garden adjoining the But most of the writers of these accounts derived their in. ancient abbey of Waltham. A few years ago the rector of formation—as also do several still more recent--from Alphamstone, Erex, discovered two brass jettons during Snelling's work. The Ball Frame now adopted in the removal of an old building, which appeared to have English schools for the purpose of teaching elementary formed a side of a quadrangle portion of Clees Hall, the arithmetic is not unlike the Abacus of the Romans, the chiel manor house in the parish. The more ancient of the Soan Pan of the Chinese, and the Shtchota of the two is a Rechen-Pfennig, or Nuremburgh Counter, which Russians. exhibits on one side the Riechsaspfel or mound of sove

W. WINTERS. reignty within a trefoil interlaced with a triangle, and on the other three fleurs-de-lis and three crowns placed circularly

Their purpose was to serve as counters in the ancient around a rose.

The second is a large counter, one of those method of casting up accounts, on a board marked with made by Wolfgang Laufer at Nuremburgh, which relate to parallel lines, upon which were placed these counters in France. On one side is seen a dolphin, crowned with the rows of units, tens, hundreds, &c. (See a treatise by Thomas inscription, IxCOLUMITAS A DELPHINO. The title of Snelling, entitled " A View of the Origin, Nature, and Use Dauphin was first borne by Charles V. circ. 1364. On the of Jettons or Counters, Black Money, and Abbey Pieces,” other side of the figure is Peace, holding a cornucopia and with engravings, folio, London, 1769. burning implements of war Ex PACE LIBERTAS; in the

HENRY W. HENFREY, F.R.H.S., &c. exergue the maker's name, Wolf. Lavf.* Two brass jettons were found five or six years since at Skelsmergh Hall; these

Exmoor FOREST (Vol. iii. 220).--In the elaborate essay are said to be of Nuremburgh make; "and,” says a writer, I by Sedgwick and Murchison in the “ Transactions of the “it is interesting that similar counters—the inscription a Gological Society” (2nd s., Vol. v., 633-702) the highlands little different—have already been discovered in some old ofeExmoor are classed under the second division of the older buildings on the other side of the country, showing stratified deposits of Devon and Somerset, extending from that communication at a remote period must have existed the vale of Taunton, north and west, to the coast of Somerbetween Westmoreland and Germany. It is said that in set, in which more than once it is said that few, if any, fossils some cases these counters passed for coins of value; but this were to be found, e.g. p. 646: “Considered as a whole, it was seldom the case, and they are different from those used is neither calcareous nor fossiliferous; but by these words we in the trading Republics of Italy. It was customary in mean to state only that we found no fossils in it, and that at Holland, Austria, and France at one time, to present a

least they are very rare. We must remember, however, number of these tellers or counters as new years presents that it is interpolated in a fossiliferous system; and that a to great officers of State ; those of gold to the higher, and of better search might probably bring to light a few fossils silver to the lower; and so many were given one year in among the finer strata, alternating with the coarser red sandHolland as to amount to 2770l. The period at which these from Dulverton to Winehead, which would cross the moor,

and again, on the next page, speaking of the road counters were introduced into Westmoreland was probably between 1620 and 1680, a time when the Kendal manufac- they write, “ in no part of it did we observe any organic tures were sent into Germany.” † Mr. G. Bedo will find remains.". But does Sir R. I. Murchison mean to exclude a similar illustration to the one given by him, in Thomas all the highland region when, in his “ Siluria ” (4th Ed. Snelling's work on “Coins and Medals,” Plate II., No. 31– p. 276), he says," the species known to occur in the limebut with the addition of " Dei Mater,” round the edges, i.e., stone bands of the middle or Ilfracombe group, stretching Ave Maria Stella Dei Mater.” In Plate III., No. '; of from Widmouth through Combe Martin, Twitchin, Simonsthe same work, will be found an illustration of the other bath, Newland, Luckwell, Luxborough, Higher Broadwater, jetton mentioned by Mr. Bedo. The makers of these pieces Huish, and Nettlecombe, and thence to the Quantocks, are at Nuremburgh, in Germany, seem at first to have been precisely the same as found at Newton Bushell, Plymouth, restricted to a very few families. Hence, from between the Ogwell, &c.", Near Simonsbath, at least, there appeared no middle of the 16th and the middle of the 17th century, the trace of fossils; and there are none, I believe, either from name of only four families can be found, i.e., that of there, or any of the higher moorland, to be seen, either in Schultz, of which were Jog and Hans; one of Koch, viz. Elsewhere, I think, he mentions evidences of eruptions of

the British Museum, or Geological Museum, Jermyn Street. Kilianus; three of Krawincle, viz., Egidius, Damianus, and Haus, which last made more than all the others taken feldspathic ashes, or trap-stuff; the exact localities of these, together; of the Laufers there were six, viz., Hans, Mat- and of any fossils found in higher, or Dunkery region, thew, Wolfgang, Chronradt, Cornelius, and Laz. Gotlieb. would be worth noting by future tourists. There are some pieces with C. K., but whether for Koch or

F. J. L. Krawincle is not known. Mr. Snelling observed that jettons derived their name from the verb “jetter,” to cast or which Mr. Fuller inquires are those of Robert Knight, Earl

ARMORIAL BEARINGS (Vol. iii. 307).—The arms about throw, which gave rise to the expression of casting of Catherlough, in the Peerage of Ireland, quartering Powell accounts. The words “ Legpenning," "Leggelt,” given by of Edenhope, co. Salop, quarterly with Powell of Worthen the Dutch to these pieces originated in a similar manner, and All-Stretten, co. Salop. Powell of Ewhurst, created a from being placed in different ways on the board in reckon; baronet ioth May, 1661, and extinct, 5th July, 1742, bore ing. The term used by the Germans--"Rechen Pfenning or reckoning-penny, relates, says the above writer, to its The lineage of the Knight family is as follows :-(I.) Nicholas

the same arms and quarterings as Powell of Edenhope. general use, and not to the manner of using it. These were Knight, was seated at Beoley, co. Worcester, in 1484, and called counters because of their being used to assist in died in 1520, leaving a son, (11.) Robert Knight, who purreckoning up accounts, the same as the pebbles (calculi), chased the manor of Barrells, in the parish of Wotten-Waven,

co. Warwick, in 1554, and dying in 1558 was succeeded by * Archeological Journal, Vol. ii. 193.

his son, (III.) William Knight, who was father of (IV.) See the Reliquary, Vol. viii. 255, and ix. 125.

Nicholas, whose son (V.) William Knight, was born in 1594,

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