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second Earl of Suffolk, to Algernon Percy, the tenth Earl him in Wilson's “ History of Dissenting Churches," Vol. of Northumberland, in 1642. Jansen is supposed to have i., 401. It appears from Maitland, that he resided in a been the architect; the front part, however, is attributed to wooden house at the upper end of Fitchi's Court, Noble Christmas, who rebuilt Aldersgate in the same reign. A Street, Falcon Square. This house was strangely excepted fourth wing was added by Earl Algernon, under the super- in the dreadful fire of London, when the surrounding houses vision and from the designs of Inigo Jones. No doubt the were entirely consumed.—Maitland, Vol. ii., 762. date given on the screen refers to the erection of this In Raleigh's “ Story of Harecourt," London, 1871, are new addition. Towards the end of the eighteenth century, notices of Sir Robert Tichborne, who was a member of the two more wings were added to that part of the mansion church at Harecourt, some say he presided there during the fronting the garden ; and the whole, save that part facing Interregnum. Among the sacramental plate of Harecourt is the Strand and the gateway, the work of Christmas, was a cup engraved with Sir Robert's arms—a gift to the church rebuilt.
of which he was a member of which there is a cut in J. P. S. Raleigh's book.
SAMUEL SHAW. FOND FELLOW (Vol. iv. 7).-To Fonne, to be foolish. Chaucer. Fon-a fool. Fond_silly, weak.
GEOLOGICAL TIME (Vol. iii. 307; iv. 33).—The applica“Thou art a fon of thy love to bost,
tion of the notation of time as by “years," " months,” &c., All that is lent to love will be lost."-Spenser.
in relation to the history of man, or to records of the human
race, fails in reference to physical indications of the lapse of " He that is young thinketh the olde man fond, and the time prior to such history or records. There can be, thereolde man knoweth the young man to be a foole."- -"Wher fore, no demonstration or “agreement as to periods is the wise man ? where is the wise lawiere ? where is the concerned in physical changes, if attempted to be expressed purchasour* of this world ? whether God hath not maad by a notation used in and applicable only to so insignificant the wisdom of this world fonnyd ?” — Wiclif's New a period of cosmical time as is included in the history or Testament, Corinthians, Ist chapter, the part corresponding traditions of mankind. with verse 20 of the authorized version. And again, from
RICHARD OWEN. the same chapter, verse 27:—“But god chees tho thingis that ben fonnyd of the world to confounde wise men.” DERIVATION OF THE WORD “STIME" (Vol. iv. 19).
To stime (or rather styme) says Jamieson, is "to look at The word fond is derived from fon, a Scottish word, now objects of one who does not see well. Again, Styme-the
one whose vision is indistinct." Denoting the awkward obsclete. Fon means, or rather meant, a fool, an idiot. faintest form of any object-the slightest degree perceptible Fond in English means foolish, silly, indiscreet, or impru- or imaginable, as, '“ I coudna see a styme." A glimpse, a, dent. In the reading which your correspondent quotes, transitory glance, as “there's no a styme o' licht here.” fond fellow may mean either of the four above quoted, thus, Stymel, '“ a name of reproach given to one who does not for instance, foolish, indiscreet, or imprudent fellow; the perceive quickly what another wishes him to see;
" the word word fellow being also of Scottish derivation, from fallow, is synonymous with a Stymie, “one who sees indistinctly." meaning a companion, &c.
W. WINTERS. Stoutest fond fellow would read and stoutish foolish fellow that ever I knew.
The word “stime" is a Scottish word, current in Scotland Again, fond foolish fellow would read indiscreet, silly, or at the present day. It is used as follows: “The night was injudicious fellow; or, taken in Scripture, would mean aj so dark I cauld not see a stime," meaning “I could not see wicked or sinful fellow, although the first-named, I believe, a bit, or at all, or a glimpse.” A blind person to convey his bears the true signification ; the reading fond foolish being, total blindness would say “I cannot see a stime.” For its as I take it, a repetition, sond meaning foolish, and foolish, derivation consult Jamieson's “Scottish Dictionary.” fond. It would also admit of another meaning, namely, a
H. WRIGHT. ridiculous, contemptible fellow.
RELICS OF CHARLES I. (Vol. iv. 7, 33).—These are no
longer kept in the church at Ashburnham, but are very THE TICHBORNE FAMILY (Vol. iv. 7, 36).—Mark Noble, carefully preserved at Ashburnham Place, under the personal in his “Lives of the Regicides," states that this citizen, charge of the countess. who was by trade a linen-draper, and by company a skinner,
J. G. N. “ was, it is supposed, descended from those of Hampshire ; and Grange, in his “Biographial History of England,” WOODEN EFFIGIES (Vol. iv. 7).-In Notes and Queries, (edit. 1824, v. 172) directly asserts that he was so. I have Vols. vii. and viii., 1853, is given some information relating seen his seal attached to the king's death-warrant, and it to early specimens of wooden effigies on tombs. A few bears a shield of arms, vair, and a chief ; crest, on a examples from the above source are here appended, and helmet, a hind's head between two wings erect. This which are stated as being in existence at the period abovecertainly claims consanguinity with the house of Tichborne mentioned, 1853 :—" In Fersfield Church. in Norfolk, is a of Tichbome. From Herbert's “City Companies,”' ii. 318, wooden figure to the memory of Sir Robert Du Bois, knight, I find he was the son of John Tichborne, of Cowden in ob. 1311. (See Bloomfield's · Norfolk, Vol. i. p. 68). In Kent. He was Lord Mayor in 1656-7, and received the Burnham Church, in the same county, is also a fine effigy honour of knighthood. There is an equestrian portrait of of Sir Hugh Bardolph. Woodford Church, Northamptonhim as Lord Mayor, which is a very scarce print; but there shire, has a wooden monument to Sir Walter Traylli and are two cheap copies of it. To what member of the family his lady; and in Layton Church (same co.) is the effigy of a Tichborne Court in Holborn owed its name, I am not Knight Templar, recumbent, in a cross-legged position, his
feet resting on an animal: over the armour is a surcoat ; the John Gough NICHOLS. helmet is close-fitted to the head, his right hand is on the
hilt of his sword, a shield is on the left arm." A writer under Sir Robert Tichborne, Knt., was a native and alderman the pseudonym “SPES” gives the following interesting parof London, but descended, most probably, from the Tich ticulars respecting one of these specimens of mediæval monubornes of Hampshire. There are some particulars about mental carving : -" In a chapel adjoining the church of
Heveningham, in Suffolk, are (or rather were in 1832) the • Disputer.
remains of a good altar-tomb, with recumbent effigies carved
able to say.
in chestnut, of a knight and his lady : it appeared to be, are now covered over with tawdry, vulgar paperhanging, from the armour and architecture, of the early part of the and common oil colour as usual, so that the idea of the rooms fifteenth century; and from the arms, Quarterly, or and is quite gone. This inn, and others like it, have another gules, within a bordure engrailed sable, charged with escallops interest well worth a thought. It is to be remembered that argent, no doubt belonged to the ancient family Hevening. they were, in days of yore, the scenes not unfrequently of the ham, of that place ; probably Sir John Heveningham, knight Miracle and Morality' plays, and of the first representaof the shire for the county of Suffolk in the 1st of Henry IV. tions of the great plays of Shakespere. It seems, nowadays, " When I visited this tomb in 1832, it was in a most difficult to realize such scenes ; but there can be but little dilapidated condition. The slab on which the effigy of the doubt that, in the yard of this very Tabard Inn the strolling knight once rested was broken in; within the head of the companies of actors played out, in their own fashion, the lady, which was separated from the body, a thrush had built great tragedies and comedies of Shakespere. No scenery its nest : notwithstanding, however, the neglect and damp was thought of, the actors did all the work. The upper ten to which the chapel was exposed, these chestnut effigies thousand occupied those galleries, from which they looked remained wonderfully sound and perfect.”
down on the strange scene below them; while the common I would ask, are the whole of the above examples now in people, the 'groundlings,' occupied the courtyard immediexistence ?
ately in front of, and on a level with, the actors.” J. PERRY.
E. M. D. CROSIER AND PASTORAL STAFF (Vol. iii. 292, 322 ; iv.
NELL GWYNNE (Vol.iii. 319). —Respecting Nell Gwynne's 20). —Your Roman Catholic correspondent seems after all mother, Peter Cunningham, in his charming little book, but imperfectly informed regarding the insignia of office of “The Story of Nell Gwyn” (London, 1852), says: “Her the Romish priesthood. He says, “A crosier is the staff mother, who lived to see her daughter a favourite of the surmounted by a cross or crucifix, borne either in front of or
King, and the mother, by him, of at least two children, was oy a primate, archbishop, or cardinal.” Give me leave to ex- accidentally drowned in a pond near the neat houses at plain that the name crosier or crozier, which is restricted to Chelsea. Her Christian name was Eleanor, but her maiden the crook of a bishop or abbot, is in no way connected with name is unknown.” As Mr. Cunningham had the scent cross, but is derived from the old Saxon word cruce, which of a sleugh-hound, in his researches, and the exactitude of an means a hooked stick, anything curved. The Gothic word Act of Parliament in his statements, it is not much use is krok, whence our English term crook,-crook, cruce, and harking back” after what he has set down relating to the crosier, being obviously one and the same. The origin of death of Nell's mother.
She (the mother) may have fallen this instrument, we are told, is to be traced to the lituus from a summer-house, and may have been intoxicated at the of the priesthood of Pagan Rome. What your correspon- time (the latter is exceedingly likely), but we may be assured it dent calls a crozier is simply a cross-staff, of which there are
was in a pond near the neat houses at Chelsea, and not in the several. The staff of the pontiff is a triple cross, that of a Thames she found her death. Mr. Cunningham has made patriarch a double cross, that of an archbishop a single one.
as interesting as such an unsavoury subject can be, the life of The crosier of an abbot differed from the crook of a bishop one of whom her laureate sungin that the former was required to hang a sudarium or veil
“Her first employment was with open throat to his staff in symbol of his subordinate authority. Pastoral
To cry fresh herrings, even ten a groat.” staff is the generic name denoting generally the staves borne Can any reader inform me whether a portrait of Peter by the several ranks of the priesthood. All cross-staves are Cunningham was ever published ? pastoral staves, and all croziers are pastoral staves; but
H. WRIGHT. crosiers are not cross-staves, and cross-staves crosiers.
FIRE CLAWS (Vol. iv, 19).— I presume that most parishes PRESBYTERIAN. possessed one or more of these “Fire (Hooks] Claws
before fire engines were in common use. Two fire hooks HISTORICAL QUERY (Vol. iv. 19, 34).--An Irish king were for very many years preserved in an upper story of an supplanted by Brien Borochnie “ the collar of gold,” alluded old Elizabethan market-house, which formerly stood in the to as being borne by him in the line “when Malachi wore centre of the town of Waltham, and which is noted in my the collar of gold,” of Moore's melody “Let Erin re- “ Visitor's Handbook of the Parish.” The hooks, still member the days of old.” It was taken by him in battle preserved, are similar to those mentioned by Mr. Sweeting, from a Danish chieftain. For further details see Moore's but there are no rings on the poles. There were many old History of Ireland.”
thatched houses in this town at one time, and no doubt A. P. G. these implements were found to render great service in
cases of fire. RELICS OF OLD LONDON (Vol. iv. 32).—The following
W. WINTERS. paragraph, from a recent number of the Builder, will, think, serve as a reply to the first of your correspondents' Mr. Sweeting's account of the Yaxley “Fire-Claw” is queries :- :-“That the veritable Tabard might have stood, and very interesting, and a delineation of it is very deserving did stand, on this very spot is more than likely, and that of an engraving or wood-cut. It illustrates the following the arrangements and plan of the inn may have been the passage in "the auncient Customes, Statutes, and Ordinances same is also probable enough; so that we have here a of yo Towne of Warrington”in the time of Queen Elizabeth: ghostly sort of idea of what the Old Tabard was in Chaucer's Imprimis for ye avoydinge and releevynge of ye said day, and certainly we may here see the ground plan’of his Towne from such Řuin as must happen by cassual fires, it Canterbury Pilgrim starting-place. The ever-memorable haith bene ordeyned and accustomed yt evrrie inhabitant • ride' then started from this very spot, so that is worth who paieth xiiis. iüid. yerelie rent or above shall keepe a note, and remembrance, and memorial. The original house lather of sixtene steps or above and a hooke, uppon paine -a Gothic house it must needs have been, and there is no to forfeite for each default xiid.” Halliwell's Dictionary vestige of Gothic of any date there now—is said to have gives us “ Fire-Hook : an iron instrument formerly used for been built by the Abbot of Hyde, who bought the site in pulling down houses when set on fire.” 1306. Every trace of his building has certainly disappeared
M. D. long enough ago. We wandered into all the rooms, passages, and nooks and corners of the place, and could but CREST AND Motto OF THE WAY FAMILY (Vol. iv. 20). wonder at what improvement,' as time goes on will do. -If the late Mr. Albert Way had a proper title (which is Some of the rooms which have been evidently oak-panelled, I highly probable) to use armorial bearings, they will be found
in Burke's “ Untitled Nobility” (I think that is what he Spottiswood, but subsequently made submission to the
VISCOUNT DUNDEE (Vol. iv. 19).-See Scott's “Tales by all persons of the name; that no one, in the legal and of a Grandfather," chap. 56, in which it is stated that, restricted sense, may use armorial insignia but such as have observing the stand made by the two English regiments, obtained a specific grant from one or other of the accredited he galloped towards the clan of MacDonald, and was in the offices of the three kingdoms, or who may be descended act of bringing them to the charge, with his right arm from some one properly entitled.
elevated, as is pointing to the way of victory, when he was J. CK. R. struck by a bullet beneath the arm-pit, where he was unpro
tected by his cuirass. He tried to ride on, but being unable CREMATION OF HUMAN DEAD (Vol. iv. 18).— I have no
to keep his saddle, fell mortally wounded, and died in the special knowledge about the incremation of the dead, but course of the night.” my impression is that it was never a custom in England
SHAGRIT. since the occupation by the Romans, and then only to a very limited extent; the great cost and inconvenience of that the small volume inquired after by Mr. James Austin is
GUY FAWKES' FAMILY (Vol. iv. 7, 33).—The title of mode of disposing of dead bodies necessarily confining it to the richer classes, and would offer formidable obstacles to notices of the early History of Guy Fawkes, the Gunpowder
“ The Fawkeses of York in the Sixteenth Century; including its adoption, even if there were no other objections; more. Plot Conspirator. Westminster, 1850” (small octavo, pp. over, the quick decomposition by fire offers no real advantage over the slower but equivalent process of gradual decay, 167). Its author is Robert Davies, Esq., F.S.A., of York, while it is one very difficult to conduct without disgusting
the late town clerk of that city. offensiveness.
J. G. N.
EDISBURY HALL, CHESHIRE (Vol. iv. 7).-—Some account
Guide to Wales, by Askew Roberts (London: Hodder and THE FIFTH MONARCHY MEN (Vol. iv. 7, 33).- For these Stoughton), see pages 56, 57. Mr. James Fisher Edisbury, enthusiasts, see Wilson's “History and Antiquities of of Bersham Hall, Wrexham, is the present representative of Dissenting Churches,”. Vol. ii., pp. 416, 417, where the cele the family. brated John Goodwin is cleared from the charge made against
E. T. him by Bishop Burnet, of holding thin millenary notions. There are particulars of Venner and his insurrection in the same Vol., pp. 425, 430. John Canne, the Puritan biblical writer, was also a Fifth Monarchy Man, theoretically; he
Miscellanea. never took any part in the insurrection, though he suffered imprisonment. (See, also, Neal's " Puritans," Vol. iv.,
ROMAN LONDON.—An interesting tesselated pavement and Edward's “ Gangrena.")
has just been discovered in the city of London. It was Pagitt, in his “Heresiography,” gives some of these only seven feet below the street level, on the site of some opinions, which were disowned by the Independents, old buildings recently pulled down on the north side of Baptists, and Quakers, in printed memorials.
Bishopsgate-street Within. The portion exposed comprises The “Early English Baptists,” by B. Evans, D.D., London, tional trefoils in red, white, and black, carefully worked in
the red-brick bordering—a guilloche pattern, with conven1864, Vol. ii. pp. 213, 226, 270.
small tesseræ, in the usual mortar of pounded brick and lime. SAMUEL SHAW.
It originally formed part of an elegant and large design, and
it is impossible to say how far it may still extend beneath Rock CIRCLES OF NORTHUMBERLAND (Vol. iv. 20). - the roadway. Its proximity to the surface would indicate a For all that is known respecting these rock sculptures, I period late in the Roman occupation, the average depth of refer your correspondent to “The Ancient British Sculp: such remains in this locality having been about 12 or 13ft. tured Rocks of Northumberland and the Eastern Borders,” In consequence of the rapid progress of the works it has had by George Tate, originally published in the “Transactions to be covered in. of the Berwickshire Naturalist's Field Club," also to “Incised Markings on Stone found in Northumberland, &c.," HOLLAND PARK —Another suburban house, rich in old with an introduction by Dr. Bruce, a large folio, privately associations and pleasant memories, is about to pass into printed at the expense of the Duke of Northumberland. other hands—we mean the residence of the late General Fox, The conclusions arrived at respecting these rude sculptures in Addison-road, at the north-west angle of Holland-park.
that they have been made by a Celtic race inhabiting Many of our readers who have been guests and visitors there Britain previous to the Christian era, and that they are within the last forty years and more will remember its symbolical, most probably, of religious ideas.
charm and the genial hospitality of its owner. The garden WILLIAM Dodd.
and lawns, for the most part planted and laid out by the
General himself, embrace seven acres, and along the WOLVES IN ENGLAND (Vol. iv. 7, 35).- If Mr. Brand will of the elms that formed part of the avenue of Holland Park,
northern side, facing the Uxbridge-road, still stand some consult Sir Walter Scott's “Tales of a Grandfather,' chap. 46, he will find it there stated, that a chieftain known and under which Addison probably walked and sat. as Évan Dhu, “ slew with his own hands the last wolf that South KENSINGTON MUSEUM.—On the 11th inst., was was ever seen in the Highlands of Scotland." His proper opened at the South Kensington Museum, the new east name was Evan Cameron, of Lochiel ; he was born in 1629, architectural court, which was begun some six years ago, and was chief of the numerous and powerful clan of when the Duke of Buckingham and Chandos was Lord Cameron. He was called MacConnuill Dhu, the son of President, as part of a plan which provided for another Black Donald, from the patronymic that marked his descent, court of equal' height on the west side of the museum. and Evan Dhu, or Black Evan, a personal epithet derived The court contains so many features of interest, that we from his own complexion. He embraced the cause of merely observe, as a guide to intending visitors, that Charles II., in 1652, at the solicitation of Sir Robert | architecture is illustrated by examples of monuments
of the same size as the originals. These are from all century portraiture is wonderfully fine and delicate; it has countries, and include a portion of the column of Trajan been carefully cleaned and restored, and appropriately erected in Rome between the years ton and 114 A.D., and framed, and, backed by a noble piece of quiet-toned old of which the late Emperor Napoleon had a cast made at tapestry, now hangs on the south side of the Abbey Rome at his own expense; Sir Christopher Wren's original sacrarium, not many yards from the tomb where the ill-fated model of St. Paul's lent by the dean and chapter; the Plantagenet monarch sleeps by the side of his Queen. chimney-piece from the Palais de Justice, Bruges, presented by the King of the Belgians; mosaics; ironwork by Hunt.
FUSTIAN.-In the time of Queen Elizabeth, Manchester ington Shaw, the Nottingham blacksmith, rivalling that of was notable for cottons, and Bolton for the fustian market. Quentin Matsys; a marvellous rood-screen, from Bois-le-Duc; The Chethams of Crumpsal supplied the London market and architectural drawings. The court has cost 34,8001., of with this commodity. In the time of Chaucer
, it appears which sum 32,000l. was for the structure, and 2,800l. for the that fustians were worn even by persons of rank, as decorations; and the collection is probably the finest ever “The knight of fustian, he werid a gipon, brought together in any European city.
All besmottrid with his haburgeon.” ANCIENT SEPULCHRE NEAR ALNWICK.—An ancient A gipon, or doublet, is here mentioned as having been made British tomb, lately opened at Windy-Edge, near Alnwick, of fustian. was found to contain a skeleton, and an earthenware vessel, of which the following illustration is an exact representation. The grave was situated at the extreme edge of a rising ground or hill, and lay due east and west. It Proceedings of Societies. was dug in a dry soil, measured four feet by three, and was constructed of limestone slabs covered by one of freestone. ROYAL GEOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY.—A special meeting The skull and most of the bones were found, and were in a of the Royal Geographical Society was held on the 7th fair state of preservation, and the under-jaw was complete inst., in the theatre of London University, when the followwith every tooth in its place. From these it is inferred that ing papers were read:-1, " A Boat Journey up the River
Wami," by Mr. C. Hill; 2, “Remarks on Zanzibar and the East Coast of Africa,” by Sir Bartle Frere, who occupied the chair as the new president of the society. The theatre was unusually filled. Amongst those present were Sir H. Rawlinson (the late president), Sir T. Fremantle, Sir J. Hay, M.P., Sir H. Anderson, Lady Franklin, Sir F. Smyth, &c. Before the papers were read the Chairman referred to some correspondence which had been received from Africa, relative to Dr. Livingstone. The Secretary then read Mr. Hill's paper on the river Wami. The aspect of the country on both banks of the river was described. It was the opinion of Mr. Stanley that the river was navi. gable by steamers drawing two or three feet of water for 200 miles, but the opinion of the writer was that the river was not practically navigable for commercial purposes. With regard to the President's paper, “On Zanzibar," Sir Bartle Frere observed that the late expedition to Zanzibar was not meant as one of geographical discovery. It was a political expedition rather, and they did their best to perform it. But though it was not geographical, they were determined not to return empty-handed to the Royal Geographical Society. Accordingly, he and those who
accompanied him picked up as much geographical informathe skeleton is that of a young female. The urn or vessel tion as they could collect, and that information was in the is basin-shaped, and is about six inches in diameter, by five in height, and the size at the bottom is three inches paper he intended to read. But, as the secretary told him
Land in these matters he felt bound to follow the judgment and a-half. It is made of clay baked in the sun, and the of the secretary-that the paper, if read, would ornamentation is of a very rough design, consisting of dry, he proposed to speak to them of the salient points,
rather rudely-dotted lines round the top and centre, and a series which perhaps would be the most interesting mode of of upright and horizontal lines arranged in squares alter- dealing with the subject. But before going into that subject nately. This eastern portion of Northumberland was in- he must express his regret at the absence of his friend Mr. habited by the Otadeni some 1000 years before the invasion Badger, as he would be able to describe to them the favourof the Romans, and this grave was probably that of one able reception he had got from the President of the Royal of these ancient inhabitants. The urn is in the possession Geographical Society of Italy, and from King Victor of Mr. Cook, of Alnwick, who was instrumental in its dis
Emmanuel The president then proceeded to give a covery and preservation.
description of the aspect presented by the Eastern Coast PORTRAIT OF RICHARD II.-The contemporary portrait of Africa. It was full of various and minute observations, of King Richard II. now hangs in the chancel of West- which, of course, had necessarily to be repeated as the minster Abbey. This interesting relic of the craft of the different portions of the coast were visited. The climate was mediæval limner used formerly to be in the famous Jerusalem hot, and fever prevailed in parts of the country, which, Chamber. Some years ago, Mr. G. Scharf, the accomplished especially in particular localities, exhibited signs of extraantiquarian draughtsman, made the remarkable discovery ordinary fertility. The people appeared to be intelligent, that this picture was, as it were, a pictorial palimpsest, the and seemed to be a mixture of Arabs and the original tribes. original subject having been repainted several times over at Towards the Abyssinian frontier the population presented various periods. The later work was coarser and in every more of a Caucasian type, and exhibited greater intelligence. way inferior to the original painting, which has now been The remarks of Sir Bartle Frere were listened to with revealed by the skilful removal of the superimposed coatings. deep attention, and were followed by an interesting disThis genuine and almost unique specimen of fourteenth Icussion.
Auswers to Correspondents.
would afford repose and variety. As it is, action and scenes follow closely upon each other with exciting rapidity. They would gain al}
the more if relieved by a certain amount of descriptive writing. Holiday Papers of the Circle Club. A Series of Tales and Sketches. which her talent is so signally endowed.
Miss Stredder owes this in justice to the energy and vigour with London: Grant & Co. 1873. The literary and artistic society known as the Circle Club have published their annual collection of Holiday Papers, and the result is a pleasant and companionable little volume, well suited to while away idle hours by country or sea-side. Mr. Alfred R. Phillips contributes a spirited "Dramatic Story, in a Prologue and two Acts," illustrated by Mr. V. Bromley. Mr. Alfred Perceval Graves is represented by an interesting poem called “Shiel the Singer ;” and Mr. W. Jerrold Dixon, in “Mars in Clover,' gives evidence of con- 9. P. S. (Warrington).-Wright's "Court Hand Restored," pubsiderable literary talent. His story is cleverly. illustrated by Mr. lished by Hotten, of Piccadilly; the " Early Record Commission C. Birch. Mr. H. S. Marks, in the initial drawing, shows his usual Reports," " Dictionnaire des Abbreviations," and " Paléographie power of artistic characterization, and Mr. J. W. McIntyre's view of des Chartes," by Chasson, and obtained through Messrs. Bartlett, Tantallon Castle, illustrating the account of the Douglases, by Mr. 186, Fleet-street, are the best guides we know of for deciphering A. H. Wall, is extremely effective. Mr. George Measom is the en- mediæval MSS. For abbreviations, see the preface to Rotuli graver, and has executed his work with ability.
Normanniæ," and also the general introduction to “Rotuli LitterThe Englishwoman's Revicw of Social and Industrial Questions. cord publications.
arum Clausarum," both by Sir T. Duffus Hardy, and among the ReLondon: Trübner & Co. July, 1873. The English woman's Review, which has grown into quite a standard
F. Cornish.- The lines quoted occur in Sir Walter Scott's and representative publication of its kind, contains the usual quarterly Rokeby," and have reference to the villages of Monckton and complement of information on subjects relating to the intellectual Mitton, in Yorkshire, near the junction of the Ouse with the river and'industrial well-being of women. One of its most useful and Nidd. practical features consists in the list of institutions, offices, homes, and associations existing for the use and benefit of the upper, as well
7. 7. S.-The rich wall-hangings known as “Gobelin tapestry," is as the humbler classes of women.
so called from having been first manufactured at a royal establish
ment founded in 1666, at Paris, upon the spot where once stood the On Schools, as Centres of Children's Epidemics, and on the means
house of a celebrated French dyer, named Gilles Gobelin. of preventing them. A paper read at the Annual Congress of the
0. R. (Windsor. )--The “Memoirs" of Cardinal Pacca have been Social Science Association, by Edwin Chadwick, C.B., London.
translated into English by Sir G. Head. The highly interesting and useful sanitary improvements to which Mr. Chadwick so unremittingly devotes his energy and skill,
X.-The translation of the Old Testament from Hebrew into Latin, claim the attention of all concerned in the great question of public by Leo Judah, was not completed by him, as that learned divine died health. Mr. Chadwick believes that the imperfect construction before the work was finished. Judah was a native of Alsace, where and ventilation of schools render these places of constant resort
he was born in 1482. the most active centres of children's epidemics. He has, therefore, S. R.-General Sir William Nott returned from India on the coninvented a new kind of tile, to be made of very cheap materials, and of which the outside surface may be painted any colour desired.
clusion of the Affghan war, and died in 1845. These tiles are to have rabetted joints, and with a view to warming the apartment of which they are to form the floor, walls, and ceiling, was written by Edmund Spenser, and published in 1591.
H. R. T.-The pastoral entitled "Colin Clout's come home again " a column of hot air may be maintained between the double row composing the sides, &c., of the room. The smooth, pleasant sur- H. K.-The “ Act of Uniformity," which was passed in 1662, was face being easily washed, renders it far superior to the ordinary sometimes called the "St. Bartholomew Act," because it was to take papering and painting. Thus, cleanliness and warmth are at once effect on the 24th of August, the feast of that apostle. provided for
Mr. Chadwick also advocates half-time schools, believing that long hours only stupify the intelligence of children,
F. R. (Lewes.)-The song you allude to was very popular at Brighton and that as much can be learned in half the usual time. if the mind towards the end of the last century. The names in it have reference is kept fresh and bright by wholesome variety of occupation. The to William Miles, commonly called “Old Smoaker," the principal pamphlet is very suggestive, and contains important facts and infor- 1 bathing man, and Martha Gunn, the superintendent of the ladies' mation deserving extensive circulation.
bathing department. The first verse of the song is as follows:Athalie; or, A Southern Villegiatura. By "Filia." Philadelphia :
“ There's plenty of dippers and jokers,
And salt-water rigs for your fun; Claxton, Remsen, and Haffelfinger. New Orleans :
The king of them all is “Old Smoaker,". Gresham, 1872.
The queen of 'em “Old Martha Gunn." The literature reaching us from the Southern States of America is comparatively so rare, that we welcome any occasional evidences of 5. Edwardes.-Rigby, of Harrick, co Lancaster (1664): Armsintellectual activity with increased interest and curiosity. The present Argent, on a cross patonce azure, five mullets or. Crest-A goat's story is from the pen of a lady residing in Texas, and well known head erased, sable, armed or. Rigby, of Layton, co. Lancaster (1664) among the upper circles of society for her spirited and energetic efforts Arms-Bendy indented of six, argent and azure, on a chief sable, on behalf of the education and improvement of classes hitherto three cinquefoils or. Crest-A goat's head erased, sable, bezante, debarred from the great benefits of culture and instruction. armed and tufted or. " Athalie" is a description of life in a large country house in the South. The authoress bas a bright and natural style, and writes with characteristic appreciation of facts and individuals. We shall look forward with interest to her future publications.
Correspondents who reply to queries world oblige by referring to The plot of this novel is cleverly imagined, and is carried out with consistency and skill. Its chief interest turns upon the disappearance the volume and page where such queries are to be found. To omit of a will, and the guilty persons in connection with the transaction this gives us unnecessary trouble. A few of our correspondents are are the nearest relatives of the deceased testator. The evil effects of secret-mongering are well exemplified throughout the story. The slow to comprehend that it is desirable to give not only the reference heroine, a gentle and amiable girl, by her weakness in resistance, and to the query itself, but that such reference should also include all her steadfastness in self-sacrifice, becomes the victim of the cupidity and love of power of her elder brother--the villain of the tale. "Miss previous replies. Thus a reply given to a query propounded at page Stredder, as usual, excels in telling delineations of character, which have the merit of being well sustained to the end of the book. She 4, Vol.iii., to which a previous reply had been given at page 20, and has a penchant for effective situations, and she exhibits much address another at page 32, requires to be set down (Vol.vii. 4, 20, 32). in arranging these. Her personages are certainly lifelike, and the energy and precision with which they are sketched suggests their We shall be glad to receive contributions from competent and being transcripts from real life. Mrs, Tregarron, the haughty and capable persons accomplished in literature or skilled in archæology, overbearing mother; Irene, the wilful and independent-but who develops into the good genius of the family drama; the yielding and self and generally from any intelligent reader who may be in possession torturing but conscientious Erminia, with various others, strike us as highly probable portraits of actual
' individuals. The author's forte of facts, historical or otherwise, likely to be of general interest. appears to be in penetrating and revealing the motives and actions
Communications for the Editor should be addressed to the Pubof human beings, rather than in description. A somewhat freer introduction of the latter would, however, be an improvement, and I lishing Office, 81A, Fleet Street, London, E.C.