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nounced the removal of the orchestra spikes and bars, detested unbroken chain of undulations covered with a smooth vel. by the pit, as is shown in Hogarth's engraving of the “Laugh- vet-like turf, upon which groups of deer recline or wander ing Audience." “WE ARE SATISFIED," was written on a beneath the branches of the stately trees, whilst occasionally placard, and with these words the war ended.

a sudden turning from the ordinary pathway will lead the For the next season there were to be only five private rambler into a deep ravine, that, with its tangled brakes and boxes, as in the year 1802. Numerous placards were then purple hare-bells, might forcibly bring to his imagination exhibited praying for Brandon's restoration (Mr. Clifford one of those enchanting scenes that form the chief characjoining in the solicitation), which soon after took place, teristic of a fairy extravaganza. Here he may wander, and the campaign ended, January 4, by the O.P.'s and the

"Or sit beneath the shade managers dining amicably together at the Crown and Anchor,

Of solemn oaks, that tuft the swelling mounds, and everyone shaking hands. The toasts, on this auspicious

Thrown graceful round by nature's careless band, occasion were :

And pensive listen to the various voice

Of rural peace : the herds, the flocks, the birds, "May a browbeating judge ever be opposed by an enlightened and

The hollow-whispering breeze, the plaint of rills, impartial jury."

That purling down amid the twisted roots “The Bill of Rights, and condign punishment to those magistrates

Which creep around, their dewy murmurs shake who infringe it by requiring excessive bail."

On the soothed ear.' The last O. P. ballad written was the following, entitled

The roadway by which we proceed winds beneath the “THE O. P.'S VICTORY.

spreading branches of a noble avenue of beech trees, on

emerging from which we suddenly come in full view of the Again the vocal tumult roars, The 0. P.'s take their ground;

castle, its boldly-defined outlines standing out in clear relief On all sides reinforcement pours,

against the dark foliage of the trees, with which the backAt rattle's well-known sound.

ground is filled in. Following the course of the roadway Then shouting forth their fav'rite songs,

by the side of the moat, we soon arrive at the most ancient They beat time as they sing; Briton's, strike home ! avenge your wrongs,

portion of the edifice, namely, the remains of an outwork in And then-God save the King,

front of the principal gatehouse.
With a hey ho rattle,
Hark forward to battle.

It may be here observed that Leeds Castle consisted of

five distinct forts, each of which was capable of being “ While as the battle fierce did glow, John Kemble stood in view,

separately defended, and three of which were wholly surBegg'd silence-making them his bow

rounded by water, as, indeed, they have remained to this 0. Pi's I yield to you,

day. The moat is formed by throwing a dam across the Brandon shall quit us in a trice,

lower part of a valley, through which is the course of a No private box shall be; And Pittites you shall have old price,

rivulet, called the Len. The castle is approached by three You've gained the victory.

different causeways, two of which were defended by drawWith your hey ho dancing, Hark forward and prancing.'

bridges. The third leads to the outwork above mentioned,

which was not originally surrounded by water; in fact, it Our readers may imagine the delight felt by all quiet constitutes the dam or head by which the moat is formed, going theatrical people when a newspaper was able at last but having been walled on both sides, and leading up to a to insert, in a facetious obituary, the welcome words— strong gateway, it presented no favourable access to an “December 15, 1810.-Died, O, P., aged 66."

enemy. Further, in the event of this outwork being carried, there was still a deep ditch and a drawbridge, defended by loopholes and a gatehouse, to be passed before the barbican

or second fort could be gained. From the barbican a THE CASTLES, HALLS, AND MANOR bridge of two arches, originally a drawbridge, leads to the HOUSES OF ENGLAND.

principal part of the castle, which constituted the third and

fourth forts; and this again is separated, by a similar bridge, LEEDS CASTLE, KENT.

from the keep, the fifth and last stronghold. “ This castle hath a pleasant seat;

Taking our stand in the "outwork," we have around us The air nimbly and sweetly recommends itself

the moulding remains of a massive square tower, which Unto our gentle senses."

originally contained the castle mill. The arrangements for LEEDS CASTLE, in bygone times the great central strong. the water-wheel are sufficiently visible to show clearly where hold of Kent, stands in the very heart of the richly cultivated it was placed. The holes for the floor-joists remain, also the county of Kent, in the midst of wild and picturesque scenery, loopholes by which the different stories were lighted. The and about five miles eastward of the town of Maidstone, on plan by which the water was allowed to escape, after turning the high road leading to Ashford. It is a grand and stately the wheel, without giving an opening for the approach of an pile of buildings, of various orders of architecture, but chiefly enemy, is simple and effective. The newel staircase can also of the reign of Henry VIII., whilst some small portion dates be traced, by which the upper stories were approached. as far back as the period of Edward I., or even earlier ; and Separated from this outwork by a deep ditch and two at the time of its erection, taking into consideration the drawbridges, each reinforced by a gatehouse and portcullis, military skill of_that period, it must have been well-nigh was the barbican. This portion seems to have been of a impregnable. The fortress was formerly a favourite resi- semi-circular form, and in it the three causeways, which condence of the English monarchs, and is said to have been one stituted the approaches, appear to have united; one of the of the castles in which the unhappy Richard II. was confined three, as before observed, terminating at the north-western as a prisoner; here also Joan of Navarre, the second queen gate of the outwork. The wall of the barbican facing of Henry IV., was imprisoned under a charge of conspiring towards the outwork, or tête du pont, and its laopholes, are against the life of her step-son, Henry V. In more recent tolerably perfect. One of the piers of the gatehouse, facing times it became the manor house of the descendants of Henry, to the south, remains, with the massive hinges of the gate, fourth Lord Fairfax, cousin of the great Parliamentary and the groove for the portcullis. There is in the barbican General.

what seems to have been a lodge for the porter or sentinel, The castle, encircled by a broad moat of clear water, as it exactly resembles, in all but size, a similar construction nearly fifteen acres in extent, lies in the midst of a park of in the principal gatehouse. Portions of a tower are still considerable extent, charmingly laid out, and studded with standing at the west corner of the barbican, and adjoining the noble elm, beech, and oak trees. The park consists of an ) gat house. The tower is too small to have contained a stair.

case ; its precise use, therefore, unless as an ornamental windows. These walls are from seven to eight feet thick. In structure, is not very apparent.. Close by there is a slip in the constable's room, above mentioned, is a chimney-piece, the wall, towards the moat, which is noticed in a survey of of the date of Henry VII. or VIII., with an inscription not the castle, made in 1314, and does not seem to have been very legible, but which may be rendered :-" If so be that repaired since that time.

ye may my lady please, no sort of travail will they work, From the barbican, the approach to the main fortress is saith Horacius." There is also a kind of lateral opening, or over a bridge of two arches, with a very solid pier between “skew,” the object of which seems to have been to form a them. This was originally a drawbridge, evidently so con communication between the constable and those in charge structed that one half of it drew up towards the main of the gate and portcullis. It also communicates with a building, and the other towards the barbican, thus insulating passage leading to a chamber over the gateway, which conboth sections, and rendering them capable of separate tains a fireplace ; but whether this was for the purpose of defence. Over the gateway are some bold machicolations, heating liquids, to be thrown through the openings of the and the holes are still visible through which passed the machicolations, on to the heads of assailants, or for purposes of beams and chains which raised the drawbridge. The port. habitation, is doubtful. The door of this chamber is criginal, cullis groove is perfect, as is also the recess above, into land of a peculiar construction, having the appearance of a

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which it was raised, but the gates are not original. On feather-edged board on each side, the thin edge of each entering the gateway we have on our left the porter's lodge, being let into a groove in the thick edge of the next. of which the doorway is a square-headed trefoil, or shouldered On the left side of the entrance is a newel staircase, leading arch. Adjoining this is a tall arch, partly concealed by the to the guard-room. This chamber has a handsome window modern porter's lodge, which led to the outer bailey. at the farther end, on the side towards the moat, the exWithin a second arch are the holes on each side for receiving ternal arches of which are perfect. The room is now used the beam of a wooden palisade. On the left is a staircase, as a magazine or store for the ammunition of the Leeds Castle leading to the upper story of the gatehouse buildings. Rifle Corps. The lower story, which does not seem to have Here is a solar, or constable's apartment. From this a been vaulted, is merely lighted by small oblong openings, communication leads to another large room on the right not much larger than loopholes. On the two ends of the hand side of the gateway, with an early fireplace, of which gatehouse buildings are plainly seen the remains of the inner the chimney is in the thickness of the wall. In this chamber wall of enceinte. The merlons of this, and also, perhaps, are some very ancient windows; but there are also the those of the outer wall, were very long between the emremains of a flushing of lead in the opposite wall, at a lower brasures, and every other merlon contained a loophole. level than the heads of the windows, by which it is partly Several specimens remain, though in a dilapidated condition. clear that the main walls of the building are older than the It is not quite certain that there were any embrasures in the

lower or outer wall, and it may possibly have contained loop- targets; but, when descending into open ground, fixed their holes only, as in the barbican. In the entrance archway the swords at the end of leaping-poles to keep off cavalry. At original bench for the guard is still to be seen, but the level | Bosworth they beat off in this manner the bravest chivalry of the ground having been sunk about a foot, it has a some. England could produce.” Is there any foundation for the what stilted appearance.

above account of the origin of the bayonet ? The writer In the circuit of the main island on which the castle stands evidently alludes to the glaive, but where is there any account are five bastions or towers, of a horseshoe form, in one of of a division of Welshmen repulsing a charge of cavalry at which there is an upper story, which was apparently rebuilt the battle of Bosworth? by Henry VIII. Each bastion was a two-storied building,

J. White. separately victualled and holding about twenty men, and

MILITARY MEDALS.-Will any of your numerous readers from which a flanking fire would be maintained on a force attacking the “new castle, the weakest of the five forts. kindly inform me where I can see engravings or drawings There is also a square tower, the upper part of which has

of the following ?been removed, but the lower part contains the water en 1. Gold medal from the King of Prussia to “ Mr. Wiltrance of the boat-house. Of this tower a portion pro- liam Murphy, a private gentleman of the troop of Guards of jected into the moat sufficient to admit of an entrance by his Majesty the King of Great Britain.” April, 1721. means of an arch, which bears evidence of having been 2. Gold medal from the Queen of Spain to each of the strongly fortified, there being two grooves-one for a port- officers of the Irish Brigade " for their high sense of honour cullis, and the other for a gate or grating, which seems to during the attack on the city of Fontarabia in 1792." have been drawn up from below. In the wall, nearly 3. Gold medal to Subadar Ibraham Cawn, ist battalion opposite to the entrance, there is a second arch, which | 3rd regiment Bombay Infantry, “ for his gallant and soldierappears to lead to a kind of wharf or quay, on which the like attack of a pagoda near Carwar.” Bombay, August, contents of the boats might be landed. The upper part 1800. contained a fireplace, and was floored with wood. The 4. Gold medal to Mustapha Beg ist battalion ist Native windows in both stories were of one light, with trefoiled Infantry, “for giving the only intimation which was received heads. This boat-house is said originally to have been used of the projected mutiny at Vellore.” Madras, Aug., 1806. as a bath-room by Edward I.

5. Gold medal from the Highland Society to Corporal Adjoining the water-tower, is a large buildir.g, built partly Mackay, 7 ist regiment, “ for his dignified disinterestedness within the inner wall of enceinte, and partly without it, the towards General Bernier, whose life he saved at the battle of projecting part standing on the old outer wall. This building Vimiera, in 1809.” has been by some writers attributed to William de Wyke 6. Silver medals to Jemadar Shieck Hoosein, 2nd batham, but the bulk of what is now standing does not appear talion 6th regiment Native Infantry : and sepoy Hurry to be of a date anterior to the time of Henry VIII. There Bhoy, ist battalion 7th regiment Native Infantry," for is a tradition that it was built for the Maids of Honour, but exemplary conduct at the battle of Gunnesh Candy. Bomthis is very doubtful. It is now used as a laundry, brew-bay, November, 1817. house, carpenters' shop, &c. Farther on are the remains of 3. Silver medals to Corporal McLaughlan and four other a square tower, projecting from the inner to the outer wall of soldiers of the 73rd regiment, “ for display of heroism and enceinte. It is not clear whether at this point, and at generous feeling on march from Passera tó Badulla during another point on the opposite side of the island, there was a the Kandian war.” Ceylon, 1818. complete stoppage of the road along the outer bailey, or

J. W. FLEMING. whether there was a continuous communication by means of an archway under the tower. From this point these two

A PURITAN JURY.-Among my antiquarian odds and walls approached each other, until they met at the draw- ends, I have the following curious list of a Sussex jury of bridge leading to the keep.

the seventeenth century. I forget where I copied it from, In the portion of the higher wall of enceinte taken down names as those of Sussex families, especially that of White,

but should like to hear whether anything is known of the in 1822--when considerable alterations and repairs were of Ewerst. The names and quaint prefixes are as follows :effected in the castle by the grandfather of the present * ApprovedTrewen, of Northam ; Be thankfulMaynard, owner-were several fireplaces, the Alues of which ran up in of Brightling ; Be courteous—Cole, of Pevensey; Safety on the thickness of the wall, showing that buildings of con- high-Snat, of Uckfield; Search the Scriptures-Moreton, siderable extent had been attached to it. The cellar is about of Salehurst ; More fruit-Fowler, of Heathlege; Free sixty feet in length; the end projecting into the bailey still gift-Mabbs, of Chiddingly; Increase-Weeks, of Cuckhas a large semicircular doorway, though it is now built oper field; Restore-Weeks, of Cuckfield; Kill sinPemble, and cannot be seen. A similar but smaller doorway is also of Westham; Elected-Mitchell, of Heathfield ; Faint notconcealed by modern work on the left-hand side. These are Hurst, of Heathfield; Renewed—Wisberry, of Hailsham ; probably the oldest portions of the castle now extant. Return-Mulwood, of Hellingly; Fly debate-Smart, of Opposite to the last-mentioned doorway is the entrance still Waldrons ; Fly fornication-Richardson, of Waldrons ; in use, which is excavated through the rock. There is in the Seek wisdom-Wood, of Waldrons; Much mercy—Cryer, cellar a recess about eight feet by six, and very low; but of Waldrons ; Fight the good fight of faithWhite, of whether it was constructed for a dungeon, or for some other Ewhurst; Small hope-Biggs, of Rye; Earth--Adams, of purpose, is a question of some difficulty to decide upon.

Warbleton; Repentance-Avis, of Shoreham.”
(To be continued.)

B. DARCY.
A CURIOUS DURHAM CUSTOM CALLED “ PUSH

PENNY.”—It was the custom in the city of Durham to
Queries.

observe three days in the year, namely, 30th January, 29th

May, and the 5th of November, by throwing twenty shillings THE BAYONET: -- In a cutting from an article on the worth of copper among the lads of the city, to be scrambled bayonet, published in an old military magazine, dated 1838, for in the college-yard. Whence the origin of the custom, the writer says :-"Were the bayonet really a French in- and is it still continued ? vention I should say little in its defence ; but it, in truth,

NUMMUS. was first borrowed from the Welsh and Bretons, who in their mountains and marshes, generally fought with sabres, Post CONQUESTUM ANGLIÆ.-In Graveney Church, similar to those of French sapeurs, and strong round leathern | Kent; three brasses, temp. Henry IV., contain a political

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J. L.

allusion to the year 1421 in the words “post conquestum Has “Powis Wells” anything to do with "Powis House, Angliæ.” What does this refer to, and are there other or to a locality or particular spot in the neighbourhood ? instances of the use of this peculiar expression ?

G. B.

AUTHOR WANTED.—“Book of Common Prayer of The WORD “ELEVEN.”—What is the derivation of this the Church of England, adapted for general use in other word, as signifying one and ten, whilst two, three, four, &c., Protestant Churches;” published by Pickering, in 1852. are distinguished as twenty, thirty, forty, &c. ?

Who was the author of this edition of the Prayer Book ? M. D.

CURIOSUS. LORD NELSON.- Some time back a series of narratives, Skew BRIDGE.-I shall be glad if any gentleman will entitled “Old Stories Retold,” was published in All the inform me who is the real inventor of that most valuable

Year Round. One of them professed to give an account of invention the skew arch, or bridge. It has been claimed the Battle of Trafalgar, and the death of Lord Nelson. It by several engineers ? described the man who shot Nelson, as a Tyrolese zager,

EBOR. and spoke of his round frock (a white one if I remember rightly), and his glazed hat, and how after killing Nelson, he

THE RED PRIEST OF APPLECROSS. --Who was the Red was picked off by some one on board the Victory.” Is Priest of Applecross alluded to in some of Captain Grant's not this all purely apocryphal ? I have seen other accounts novels, as an individual known in Scottish tradition, and of the man who shot Nelson, one asserting that he was when did he flourish ? taken prisoner ; but in some cuttings I had from newspapers

W. CARNABY. of the time, giving minute accounts of Nelson's death, nothing was said to lead any one to suppose that it was

AUTHOR WANTED.-Who is the author of the following known who killed him. That the shot was fired from the

lines ? top of the enemy's ship, there can be no doubt, from the “Heaven grant the man some noble nook ; downward course taken by the bullet. I should be glad of

For, rest his soul! he'd rather be any information on this subject, that is, if anything is

Genteelly damned beside a duke, known concerning it.

Than saved in vulgar company.'
B. AIKEN.

T. HARDWICK, BROWNE, OF ELSING.– William Browne, next brother CHURCHWARDENS' WANDS.—What is the proper ornato Anthony, ist Viscount Montagu (temp. Elizabeth), ment for the heads of the wands of the churchwarden and married Anne, daughter and co-heir of Hugh Hastings, sidesman (Synodsman)? I see both the mitre and crook in Esq., of Elsing, Norfolk (the last male descendant of the all, but I think erroneously. old Barons Hastings), and thereby acquired that estate.

M. D. Who now represents the family? The male line is extinct, and I believe the Pratts of Ryston Hall, Norfolk, and the

BARRICADES IN FKANCE.—I thought street barricades Astleys, Barons Hastings, intermarried with daughters of one

were first used in the first revolution, until the other day, of the later members of the family, but am not sure that when I read in an old history that the Parisians used them they represent the line.

as early as 1588. Is this the time they were first used ? W. D. PINK

G. BEDO. THE BROAD ARROW.-I should be very glad of any

REAR, OR AREA LANE, OXFORD.-Will some of the information relative to the circumstances which led to the numerous readers of the Antiquary kindly inform me if adoption of the “ Broad Arrow," as it now is used, and also there is (or was) a place in Oxford called Rear or Area to the time when that device began to be used with its Lane, or some similar name? present signification. I am aware of what the periodical

HENRICAS. bearing the title of the “ Broad Arrow" has published on this subject.

Woty. Where was William Woty, the poet, born ? CHARLES BOUTELL.

J. DYMOCKE FLETCHER. COLONEL PRIDE.- On December 8, 1660, it was “resolved by the Lords and Commons, assembled in Parliament, that the carcases of Oliver Cromwell, Henry Ireton, John

Replics. Bradshaw, and Thomas Pride, whether buried in Westminster Abbey or elsewhere, be, with all expedition, taken

FIRST DUKE OF LEEDS (Vol. iv. 19).-Information reup and drawn on a hurdle to Tyburn, and there hanged up specting the political life of this statesman, who acted a in their coffins for some time; and after that, buried under conspicuous part in the reigns of Charles II. and William the said gallows." Although three bodies, said to be those III., may be found in Macaulay or Hume. Perhaps the of Cromwell, Ireton, and Bradshaw, were treated in this following brief summary of his history will be useful to your disgraceful manner, yet, for some reason, now unknown, correspondent. Sir Thomas Osborne, afterwards Duke of no search appears to have been made for the body of Colonel Leeds, was the son of Sir Edward Osborne, Bart., of TivePride. I should be glad to hear if his burial place is known, ton, York, whose grandfather, Sir Edward, laid the foundaand whether he has left any descendants. He is said to tion of the fortunes of his family by marriage with the have been a foundling.

daughter and heiress of Sir William Hewett, Lord Mayor W. WALKER. in 1559, and one of the most considerable merchants of the

city of London. The story of this marriage is somewhat “Powis Wells.”—In a tradesman's old day-book (A.D. romantic. It appears that young Osborne was placed ap1744), I find an entry made of work done at “ Powis Wells.” prentice with Sir William Hewett, and while serving in that I hird from a map (1777), Powis House was bounded on the capacity, it is said, his master's infant daughter, through North, by (now) Guildford Street ; South, Great Ormond the carelessness of her nurse, fell into the Thames from a Street ; Éast, Lambs Conduit Street; and West, Queen's window of the house on London Bridge. Square. Previous to the formation of the New River, there apprentice instantly leaped into the river, and with great existed (near this spot), for the supply of a conduit at "Snow difficulty and danger, rescued her. In after years, when Hill," many accumulated springs formed into a reservoir. I several suitable proposals were made for the hand of the

The young

young heiress, the grateful Sir William declined them all GLASS (Vol. iii. 235, 295 ; iv. 9).- Job xxxvii. 18: “as a with the remark, “ Osborne saved her, and Osborne shall molten looking glass." The word "glass” is not in the have her.” Through this marriage, the apprentice found original. The Hebrew is : po 873, a fused or "molten himself in possession of an estate worth 6000l. per annum, sight or mirror," meaning "a sight." Again, in and eventually became Lord Mayor of London in 1582, Isaiah iii. 23—“ The glasses, and the fine linen, and the when he was knighted. His great grandson, Sir Thomas hoods and the vails.” The word translated, glasses ” is Osborne, entered Parliament in 1661, as M.P. for York, Duba, which means “light dresses or transparencies.' and by his parliamentary talents, rose successively in the

NUMMUS. reign of Charles II. to the posts of Treasurer of the Navy, 1671; Privy Counsellor, 1672; and Lord High Treasurer,

NORTHUMBERLAND HOUSE (Vol. iv. 19).—This mansion 1673. In the latter year_also he was created Viscount was originally built by Henry Howard, Earl of Northampton, Latimer, and in the next, Earl of Danby, by which title he Lord Privy Seal, who died in it A. D. 1614. It was then is best known in history. In 1679, he was impeached by known as Northampton House, but when at its founder's the House of Commons for abusing his influence as Minister death it descended to his kinsman, Thomas Howard, of of the Crown by negotiating a disadvantageous peace with Walden, Earl of Suffolk, it received the name of Suffolk France, at the price of a heavy bribe from the French House, and was so called until the marriage of Elizabeth, monarch, and, notwithstanding he was able to plead both the daughter of Theophilus, second Earl of Suffolk, with the command and the pardon of his sovereign, he was Algernon Percy, tenth Earl of Northumberland, in the year deprived of all his offices

, and committed to the Tower, 1642, when it acquired its present name. where he remained for several years. At the Revolution, joining the party of the Prince of Orange, he was rewarded

The edifice formerly formed three sides of a quadrangle, for his adherence with the post of President of the Council, the fourth side being open to the gardens and the river. Its and the further dignity of Marquis of Carmarthen.

In reputed architect was Bernard Jansen; but the frontispiece 1694, he was created Duke of Leeds, as Burnet says, “to near the street, has been ascribed to Gerard Christmas, who colour the dismissing him from business with an increase of designed Aldersgate, which was rebuilt in the reign of James I. title." The year following he was impeached a second At that period the principal rooms were on the Strand side. time by the Commons for corrupt practices in connection on the roof of this front there was a border of capital letters with the renewal of the Charter of the East India Company, these letters expressed the names and titles of the Earl of

instead of rails or balustrade, and Walpole conceived that but the impeachment was suffered to drop, though, as Hume stated, not without some scandal attaching itself to Northampton, in Latin. Camden states that at the funeral the duke's character. He died in 1712, in his eightieth of Queen Anne (James the First's consort), a young man year. According to Hume, “Danby was a frugal minister, ! among the spectators was killed by the fall of the letter S. and by his application and industry, brought the revenue the letters were taken down when Inigo Joves completed

from the top of Northampton House. It is probable that into tolerable order; he endeavoured so to conduct himself the quadrangle, including the state rooms towards the river; as to give offence to no party, and the consequence was, This was done after the house became the property of Earl that he was able entirely to please none." In Chamber's " Book of Days” (Vol. i. 746), is an interesting account of Algernon, who disliked the noise of so public a thoroughfare a secret and mysterious meeting in the summer of 1688, as the Strand. The entire pile was built in a mixed style between the Earls of Danby and Devonshire, at a tavern, of architecture, and had dome-crowned towers at the angles, since called Revolution House, at Whitington, Derbyshire,

in the Dutch style. and at which it is thought definite plans were for the first

After the estate devolved upon Sir Hugh Smithson, in time agreed upon with reference to inviting over the Prince 1749, considerable improvements to the house were made of Orange.

by him; two new wings were annexed to the garden front, W. D. PINK. the quadrangle court was faced with stone, and great part

of the northern front was rebuilt; but the central division, THE LAW OF HOTCH-POT (Vol. iii. 235, 266, 295, Gerard Christmas, and is a fine example of his time. Many

which includes the portal, still exhibits the original work of 308).-Hotch-pot is a blending or mixing of lands and other alterations and repairs have since been made, particuchattels, answering in some respects to the collatio bonorum larly after the fire here in 1780, which consumed most of the of the civil law. Wharton derives the term from French Bailey, in his Dictionarium Britannicum (edit, 1736), tions and improvements made by the present Duke of haché en poche, a confused mingling of divers things ; while upper rooms on the Strand side.

The circumstance of the more recent fire, and the alterafinds its origin in Dutch huts-pot, flesh cut into small pieces, Northumberland, are alluded to in the Times account of the of metaphor, the putting together of lands for the equal splendid entertainment given by the Duke a week or so distribution of them. The English dish, hodge-podge,

W. E. B. has its synonyme in the Scotch hotch.potch. Jamieson derives the latter from Teutonic huts-pot. As to the Northumberland House is the last of the palatial reprederivation from French haché en poche, it seems more sentatives of the Strand. It stands on the ancient site of a probable that some form of this word may be found in other hospital or chapel of St. Mary, founded, in the reign of dialects of the Gothic, and that it descended to the Normans Henry III., by William, Earl of Pembroke, on land granted from their progenitors the Northmen, to whose institutions by him to the Monastery of Rounceville, in Navarre. This it is only reasonable to believe the feudal law in its elements hospital was suppressed by Henry V., as belonging to an alien is mainly to be referred. Thomson gives Belgic (a German monastery, as were many other buildings of the same kind. dialect), huts-pots, and Icelandic hossa ; Teut. hotsen ; It was restored by Edward IV., and continued so until it met Belgic hutsen, to shake, to jumble. He says : Hotch- its final dissolution at the Reformation. In 1601, it came potch, a confused mixture of food boiled together. This into the possession of Henry Howard, Earl of Northampton, subject was discussed in Notes and Queries in April, 1872, son of Surrey the poet, who erected a splendid and costly (See 4th S., ix. 180, 248, 306, and subsequent numbers), and mansion on the site. On the death of the said Henry, what is here stated is in substance what was then commu- which happened in 1614, it fell into the possession of the nicated by myself. Your correspondent will find much of Earl of Suffolk, and from Northampton House, by which all he desires to know by reference to the papers in name it had hitherio been known, the name was changed to question, and by consulting Wharton's “ Law Lexicon."

Suffolk House. It acquired its present title of NorthumberJ. C. ROGER. I land House, on the marriage of one of the daughters of the

since.

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