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This Canon speaks of “the Africans" (de Afris) because
“Let Erin remember the days of old the Donatist heretics in Africa taught that the baptism of
E’er her faithless sons betrayed her:
When Malachi wore the collar of gold, heretics was invalid. St. Cyprian fell into this error, and
Which he won from the proud invader.” was corrected for it by a solemn rescript of Pope Stephen. Some heretical sects changed this essential form of words in In younger days this noble song, given with Madame's Baptism, “I baptize thee, in the name of the Father, and of fine contralto and classic rendering, would have taken ine the Son, and of the Holy Ghost,” and then the baptism off my legs, or, more poetically speaking, lifted me towards was invalid, not because administered by a heretic, but the skies; and I'm not quite sure that, if I were to hear her because it was wrongly administered. The imposition of sing it now, I could sit calmly and at ease in stall or fauteuil; hands is interpreted by some to mean the Sacrament of Con- but like the inspired priestess of old, on her Delphic tripod, firmation, but in some churches there was a mere ceremonial feel rather exalté, and kick out ! imposition as a sign of reconciliation.
THE KNIGHT OF INNISHOWEN. Again, the first Council of Nice, A.D. 325, in its 19th Canon, ordered the Paulinists to be rebaptized, because that sect had changed the form, as we learn from St. Aug." De Hæresibus;" find “ Gillicrankie” in “Herd's Scottish Songs and Ballads ”
KILLIECRANKIE (Vol. iv. 7, 22).-Your correspondent will cap.44; but prescribed that Novatians and others should only (2 vols. 12mo, Edinburgh, 1776), which Sir Walter Scott have the imposition of hands. dixerit baptismum, qui etiam datur ab Hæreticis in nomine Scottish Ballads, Tales, and Songs The Council of Trent, " De Baptismo,” Canon 4. Si quis called, in his early ballad days, “a very rare and valuable
rst appeared ; in “ Gilchrist's Patris et Filii et Spiritus Sancti cum intentione faciendi
(2 vols. 12mo, Leith, quod facit Ecclesia, non 'esse verum Baptismum, anathema 1814), and in other collections of Scottish song. I give a sit.
correct copy of the ballad from Herd, which I find at “Yo Both these decrees are found in Migne's “Dictionnaire des Booke Store,” 23, Wigmore Street, W.:Conciles," under the words “Arles " and“ Trent,” or in any collection of Councils.
GILLICRANKIE. Baptism is often administered on reception into the Church
“ Clavers, and his Highlandmen. from heretical sects, under condition (if thou hast not been
Came down upo' the raw, man, rightly baptized, I baptize thee, &c.), in order to secure valid
Who being stout, gave mony a clout;
The lads began to claw then. baptism, many Protestant ministers being very careless in
With sword and terge into their hand, their way of administering baptism. One of the recent
Wi' which they were nae slaw, man, provincial councils of Westminster, under Cardinal Wisc
Wi' mony a fearful heavy sigh man, confirmed by Pius IX., orders all received in England
The lads began to claw then. from the different sects to receive baptism under condition,
“O'er bush, o'er bank, o'er ditch, o'er stank, for sake of security. This conditional form shows that the
She flang amang them a', man, Protestant baptism, when rightly administered with a
The butter-box got mony knocks,
Their riggings paid for a' then. washing of water while the right form was being pronounced
They got their paiks, wi' sudden straiks, with the intention of baptising, or, as the decree of Trent
Which to their grief they saw, man, says, of doing what the Church does, is valid.
Wi' clinkum clankum o'er their crowns
The lads began to fa, then.
“Hur skipt about, hur leapt about,
And flang amang them a, man,
The English blades got broken heads, HISTORICAL QUERY (Vol. iv. 19).—The ancient collar
Their crowns were cleav'd in twa then. of gold about which Madame Ronniger seeks information
The durk and door made their last hour, has reference to Malachi, one of the most remarkable of the
And prov'd their final fa', man,
They thought the devil had been there Irish kings, and a great victory gained by him over the
That play'd them sick a paw then. Danes, in which the vanquished pirates left behind them an enormous number of killed and wounded, as well as a great
“The solemn League and Covenant,
Came whigging up the hills, man, quantity of valuable plunder, on the field of battle. Amongst
Thought Highland trews durst not refuse the spolia opima claimed by King Malachi was the golden
For to subscribe their bills then. torque or collar, taken off the neck of the Danish commander,
To Willie's name they thought nae ane
Durst stop their course at a', man, Tomar, who was slain in the fight. The identical ornament
But hur nan sell, wi' mony a knock, won and worn by the Irish monarch is preserved, if my
Cryd Furich-Whiggs awa, man. memory do not fail me, in the Museum of the Dublin Uni
Sir Evan Du, and his men true, versity, and there are similar ones, worn by ancient Irish
Came linking up the brink, man, chiefs; to be seen in the British Museum. These collars
The Hogan Dutch, they feared such, were very much worn by the distinguished warriors of the
They bred a horrid stink then.
The true MACLEAN, and his fierce men, Celtic and Scandinavian races, and were common amongst
Came in amang them a', man, Asiatic nations, the Medes and Persians especially. They
Nane durst withstand his heavy hand, were made like the bracelets, armlets, and anklets, mostly
All fled and ran awa then. worn by the barbarian women; and they formed an impor
“Oh! on a ri! Oh! on a ri! tant feature of the plunder won by the Roman conquerors
Why should she lose King SHAMES, man, from Gaul and Oriental. They were twisted spirals wrought
Oh! rig in di! Oh! rig in di!
She shall break a' her banes then. in gold, of nearly oval shape (called torques, from the Latin
With furichinish, an' stay a while, torquere, to twist), which, in some instances, went two or
And speak a word or twa, man, three times round, and were fastened at the ends by hooks
She's gi' a staike out o'er the neck
Before or serpents' heads of the same precious metal. There are
win awa then. numerous allusions to them in the ancient Greek and Roman
“O fy for shame, ye're three for ane, writers. The classic reader will at once remember the brave
Her nan sell's won the day, man,
KING Shames' red-coats should be hung up, and patriotic Titus Manlius, called Torquatus, who defeated
Because they ran awa, then. the gigantic Gaul in single combat, and stripped him of his
Had bent their brows, like Highland trows, " collar of gold on the spot where he made the barbarian
And made as lang a stay, man, bite the dust in the face of both armies. Madame Ronni.
They'd sav'd their king, that sacred thing,
And WILLIE'd ran awa, then." ger's quotation is from one of the very best of Tom Moore's Irish melodies :
Welsh AMERICAN INDIANS (Vol. iv. 7).-I believe the It is said of Palamedes, that he was the first to introduce statement, or tradition, of a Welsh chieftain visiting the military tactics, such as forming line and posting sentries. shores of America, in 1170 (322 years before Columbus dis
NUMMUS. covered the Western continent), was first printed in “ The History of Wales, written originally in British by Caradoc
WOLVES IN ENGLAND (Vol. iv. 7).-It may be inferred of Llancarvan, and Englished by David Powell, &c.”|from the laws of King Edgar (A.D. 957) that these animals London, 1697.--See subsequent editions of 1774, and 1832. were very numerous in most of the woody counties of England This tradition has received credence from several American in his day. He, it is said, attempted to extirpate them by antiquaries, and is really a very interesting subject for in- commuting the punishments for certain crimes into the acvestigation. Dr. John Williams wrote two books on the ceptance of a number of wolves' tongues from each criminal. subject. (1) “ An Enquiry into the Truth of the Tradition, In later times their destruction was promoted by certain concerning the Discovery of America by Prince Madog-ap; rewards. Some persons held land on condition of destroyOwen-Gwynedd about the year 1170" (London, 1791), and ing the wolves which infested those parts of the country (2) “ Farther Observations on the Discovery of America by where they resided. Prince Madog-ap-Gwynedd about the year 1170, containing Rarely any mention is made of these animals as infesting the account given by General Bowles, the Creek or Cherokee the counties of England after the year 1281. The last wolf Indian lately in London, and by several others, of a Welsh taken in Scotland was killed in 1680, and one was killed in tribe or tribes of Indians, now living in the western parts of Ireland as late as 1710. Mention is made of the wolves of North America.” (London, 1792.)
England in Mr. Pegge's article “On the hunting of the H. WRIGHT. Ancient Inhabitants of our Island, Britons and Saxons.”
--Archæologica, vol. x., 1634. BALLOONS (Vol. iii. 235, 282.)— The balloon was invented
W. WINTERS. by Stephen and Joseph Montgolfier, the two sons of Peter Montgolfier, a paper-maker at Annonay, a town about thirty
PENANCE IN THE CHURCH 07 ENGLAND (Vol. iii. 319). — six miles from Lyons. The first public ascension of a
“Varch 4, 1795. Farmer Slaiden, Junr., of Broughton, balloon took place on June 5, 1783, at Annonay, in the Hants, performed penance (pursuant to sentence in the presence of the States of Vivarais, when a large globe of Bishops' Court) for defaming the character of the daughter of linen, more than thirty feet in diameter, was inflated by the Mr. Gale, of the same place.”—“ Hampshire Repository,' brothers Montgolfier, with heated air, and rose to a con
vol. i. p. 48. siderable height, descending in about ten minutes. This The above is not a very late date, but it is the latest I was a fire-balloon. The first balloon inflated by gas have noted in this neighbourhood, Andover. was constructed by M. Charles, and ascended from Paris,
SAMUEL SHAW. on the first of December, 1783, carrying up with it MM. Charles and Robert, who were thus the first aeronauts. The NAMES OF CITY CIIURCHES (Vol. iii. 292; iv. 9).-In balloon was inflated with hydrogen gas, or, as it was then addition to those already mentioned, called, inflammable air; so that gas-balloons have ever since St. Mary Woolchurch ; so called from the beim formerly been incorrectly called air-balloons by the people. All these placed in ihe churchyard for the weighing of wool. facts are universally acknowledged, and the balloon is a rire St. Afichuel-le-Querne, a corruption from “Corne," from a instance of an invention for the honour of which there are neighbouring corn-market that at one time stood in Paterno rivals. Dr. Black, of Edinburgh, had previously inflated noster-row. the allantois of a call, and Cavallo had inflated soap-bubbles, St. Martin Pomary; thus named, according to Stow, from with hydrogen gas, and observed them ascend; but the apples once growing near the spot. Montgolfiers and Charles were unquestionably the inventors Ten Church ; from the fenny or moorish ground on which of the two kinds of balloons, and to them is the credit it was built. wholly due.
All Hallows, Staining ; from“ Stane," the Saxon word for J. GLAISHER: Stone,” given probably to distinguish this church from
others of the same name built of wood. THE ABACUS OF PALAMEDES (Vol. iv. 7).-It would All Hallows-on-the-Wall; from its position adjoining the be perhaps a difficult task to trace the games of chess, old wall that encircled London. backgammon, and draughts, to their origin. A game of St. Andrew's by the IVardrobe; from the Royal Wardrobe skill, played with pebbles upon a board divided into squares that once stood near to it. or sections, is of the highest antiquity. Your correspondent, St. Andrew Undershaft; so called from the May-pole under the above title (" The Abacus of Palamedes") no doubt which, in olden times, the citizens were accustomed to set refers to the ancient Greek game called rettela said to be up before it every May-day. The pole overtopped the invented by Palamedes. Sophocles certainly attributes the steeple of the church, and is celebrated by Chaucer when game to him, and says, " he invented it as a diversion in the speaking thus of an empty braggart :time of famine ; ” he also says “ Palamedes invented dice." The latter assertion being anomalous creates at once a doubt
"Right well aloft and high ye beare your head as regards the evidence of the former. Palamedes did not find
As ye would beare the great shast of Cornhill.”'
.“ Book of Days,” Vol. i. 574. out the use of dice, they were not known until a much later date. The age of Palamedes was cotemporary with that
W. D. PINK. of the Siege of Troy, 1180 B.C. Sophocles died 406 B.C. The game called metTela was played by two persons on a ORIGIN OF THE BADGE OF THE 17TH LANCERS (Vol. board, or Abacus, divided into squares. The players had liii. 319; iv. 2i).-In 1759, when Colonel John Hale (who five men each, which were placed to confront each other, I came to London with the news of Wolfe's Fall, and the as in the modern game of draughts. The pieces or pebbles Conquest of Canada) raised the 17th Light Dragoons (now were placed on five lines, with a divisional line, or square Lancers), it was ordered that “on the front of the men's compartment between or in the centre of the board ; the caps, and on the left breast of their uniform, there was to centre line was called the Sacred. The moves appear to be a death's head and cross-bones over it, and under the have been made towards centre, hence the ancient proverb : motto or glory; "" and this grim device (the badge of the
- He moves from the sacred; or, he is put to his shists." famous Black Brunswickers in later times) they still retain, Skill or merit in the game, consisted in being able to ensnare, like the famous Pomeranian horse, who, since the days of delude, cut off, enclose, or block up the adversary's pieces. | Gustavus Adolphus have worn skulls and cross-bones on their high fur caps, and in Sweden are now known as the acting play, more dialogue and less declamation would be necessary. King's Own Hussars.-From U.S.M.
Audiences have an impatient dislike to lengthy addresses, even when
dcclaimed by favourite artists. J. W. FLEMING.
The author's style is clear and natural, and various scenes might
be made available for histrionic reading. ORIGIN OF THE WORD “NUN” (Vol. iii. 280, 309). Dean Trench, in his lectures “ On the Study of Words,” 1859, Grave and Gay. London: Cantley Newby. page 132, says that“nun (nonna) first appears in St. Jerome, In the July number of Grave and Gay, Miss Stredder's spirited story Ad Eustoch, Ep. 22."
“The Reversal of the Decrec,” is conclı d. The interest riscs JOHN A. FOWLER. sensibly towards the end, before which several exciting and powerfully-drawn scenes occur. Mr. Frederick Tennyson's poem,
MoonThe TICHBORNE FAMILY (Vol. iv. 7).-I believe that light," is a delicate, poetic transcript from nature. there is a good deal of property in the neighbourhood of cousins," by Hope Douglas, also reaches a happy denouement. Among
the various contributions may specially be named a translation of Holborn, Bedford Row, &c., which is part of the Tichborne Schiller's remarkable poem, "A Group in Tartarus (to which estate.
Schubert gave so powerful and original a setting), and a humorous collection of hints to diners-out by Quiz, under the well-worn title of Table Talk.
Notices of Books.
Auswers to Correspondents. The Angles, Jutes, and Saxons. From the Transactions of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire. By Joseph Boult, F.-A man marrying an heiress, who is entitled to bear arms, F.R.I.B.A. Liverpool : T. Brakel). 1873.
cannot impale or have such arms in pretence, unless he be himself
entitled to arms with which to incorporate them ; nor could the MR. Boult contributes one more to the numerous essays on the
issue of the marriage bear the arms of the mother, without a paternal vexed question of the early races peopling or invading Great Britain.
coat to quarter them with. Considerable research is apparent in the theories traced out, and, though we cannot quite agree with all the author's derivations, we 7. 7. (Richmond.)-You will find a portrait of the distinguished are glad to welcome the various channels he suggests for interesting English philosopher you name in the National Portrait Gallery. speculation. In allusion to Wales, he says the people of that country "are still known to us by the Teutonic name of Welsh, K. R.-The “Manichæans were a sect founded by a native of which, as a corruption of Wyl-isc, aptly denotes an aboriginal Persia, named Manichæus, who lived in the third century. people; for wyl is the original of wealh or well, il fount or spring; and isc of the terminal ish, which is an adjective form of frequent
S. A.-The play of “Tamerlane" was written by Nicholas Rowe, use; and Wales thus represents the land of the Wealhas." We con- the poet and dramatist, and author of a "Life of Shakespeare." fess that to us this appears a somewhat far-fetched hypothesis. If
A. B.-Consult the “ Statesman's Year Book," by Mr. Frederick the word be of Teutonic origin, may not its derivation, with equal
Martin; it is published by Macmillan & Co. propriety, be referred to its probable original, as still in the existing language of Germany, Wälsch, meaning strange? It also signifies 2. A.-The Order of the Wing of St. Michael was instituted by Italian; and Italy, besides, its German equivalent, Italien, is called
the King of Portugal in 1172, in commemoration of a victory ob11ülschland. It seems more likely that the name should originally tained by him orer the Moors, whom he imagined he overcame by have been given by the Teutons to the natives of the Principality in the immediate interposition of St. Michael, who, according to the order to distinguish them as strange or forcign to the prevailing or legend, appeared fighting in the king's right wing. invading race. Among other details, Mr. Boult gives an amusing derivation of the word Britain, as understood by the Irish Celts. As Curivsus.--A duke, when officially addressed by the Crown, is we are unable to quote it at length, we must refer our readers to the
styled “Our right trusty and right entirely-beloved Cousin and pamphlct itself.
Councillor." The I'mby Election. A Sketch. By George Fraser. London: H. D. (Eclesfield).—The arms are: Per pale, az. and gu., a bend Tili'ner & Co. 1873.
engrailed arg., between two plates ; on a chief of the third, a rose of
the second, between two torteaux. M. FRASER'S genial and amusing satire is likely to become a favourite He has chosen a good time for its publication, when the S. H.-You will find a reply to your query in Vol. iii., p. 202. suliject of elections, with all their merits and defects, is beginning to take possession of the mind of the British elector. The short preface C. II. S.-Nell Gwynne was buried in the church of St. Martin's-inin memory of a great and good man lately passed away is remark- the fields. able loth in sentiment and expression. Mr. Fraser displays a keen knosilcilge of human nature, and he does not scruple to expose the R.A.-Thompson's masque of “Alfred" was first performed at paltry and interested motives so often lying carefully hidden under Cliefden House. the plausible surface of political professions. His description of the family deliberations upon the eve of the election at Humby are 7.7.-Crockford's “Clerical Directory” will afford you all the humorous and lifelike. He has evidently considerable powers of
information you require. observation, the capacity of balancing opinions, and what is as good, or better, courage in detending what he holds to be right, as well as in castigating what he deems false and wrong; albeit he does each
ERRATA. of these in a pleasant and entertaining fashion, which takes the sting from the severity of his sarcasm. We should advise the ladies who On p: 7 anto, in query respecting "Welsh American Indians," advocate Women's Suffrage to glance through Mr. Fraser's brochure.
instead of "1469," read"1169," and for “thirty years read “three They will find much to be grateful for in its witty and well-expressed hundred years. pages. Esther: Drama in Five Acts. Glasgow: Murray & Son. 1873
NOTICES. This play, as may be inferred from its title, is based upon the eleration of Esther to the position of Queen Vashti, deposed for her Correspondents who reply to queries would oblige by referring to defiance of the commands of her royal husband King Ahasuerus.
the volume and page where such queries are to be found. To omit The biblical story is closely followed. Esther is depicted as a lovely and amiable being, beneath whose
this gives us unnecessary trouble. A few of our correspondents are “placid sky
slow to comprehend that it is desirable to give not only the reference Sunshine illumes the royal countenance,
to the query itself, but that such reference should also include all Where tempest used to rage.”'
previous replies. Thus a reply given to a query propounded at page But subjects of so remote a date labour under grcat disadvantages
4, Vol.iii., to which a previous reply had been given at page 20, and for dramatic treatment. It is next to impossible to give the sem- another at page 32, requires to be set down (Vol. 111. 4, 20, 32). blance of reality to the speeches of individuals of such high antiquity, We shall be glad to receive contributions from competent and and who likewise rejoice in names such as Shaashgaz, Parshandatha, and Hatach. Modernisms of expression or feeling will occasionally crop capable persons accomplished in literature or skilled in archeology, up in incongruity with the ancient personnel and entourage. Several and generally from any intelligent reader who inay be in possession of the scenes wo be effective if realised on the stage, as for instance, of facts, historical or otherwise, likely to be of general interest. Esther with her singing maidens; the young scribe, Ezra, reading the book of records of the Chronicles to the King; and Esther's banquet Communications for the Editor should be addressed to the Pub. to the latter and Haman; but to make the drama successful as an lishing Office, 812, Fleet Street, London, E.C.
LONDON, SATURDAY, JULY 26, 1873.
the day. The following verses we have selected as the
THE O. P. HOP SHOP.
“John Kemble & Co. keep a shop,
None beat them for taking of money, 0;
In merry customers hop, LONDON RIOTS:-Sixty-six Nights of the O. P. Riots, 37.
Who wish to see something that's funny, O. THE CASTLES, HALLS, AND MANOR HOUSES OF ENGLAND:--Leeds
Marrow bo, marrow bo, Betty. Castle, Kent, 39.
" There's lately been got up a dance,
Called O. P. triumphant for ever, 0; QUERIES :-The Bayonet, 41–Military Medals–A Puritan Jury-A
It's over the benches to prance, Curious Durbam Custom called "'Push Penny"-Post Conquestum Angliæ-The Word “Eleven "-Lord Nelson-Browne, of
'Tis the essence of all that is clever, O. Elsing- The Broad Arrow--Colonel Pride" Powis Wells"-An
Marrow bo, marrow bo, Betty," &c. Author Wanted-Skew Bridge--The Red Priest of Applecross
THE NEW BUILT PLAYHOUSE, O!
“Loud roar'd the watchman's rattle,
Dust bells began the din, REPLIES:- First Duke of Leeds, 42—The Law of Hotch-pot-Glass
Announced the hour of battleNorthumberland House-Fond Fellow-The Tichborne Family
'Twas half price rushing in ! Geological Time--Derivation of the Word “Stime"-Relics of
Whilst o'er the rascal crew Charles I.-Wooden Effigies-Crosier and Pastoral Staff-Histo
Vast consternation flew, rical Query-Relics of Old London-Nell Gwynne-Fire Claws
At the sight, Crest and Motto of the Way Family-Cremation of Human Dead
On that night,
In the new built playhouse, O," &c.
PITY POOR KEMBLE, GENTLEFOLKS, PRAY. MISCELLANEA:-Roman London, 46-Holland Park-South Kensing- “Ye kind-hearted Britons, poor Kemble behold, ton Museum-Ancient Sepulchre near Alnwick.-Portrait of
Who, in building his playhouse, has sunk store of gold; Richard II.-Fustian.
About private boxes be not over nice, PROCEEDINGS OF SOCIETIES :-Royal Geographical Society, 47.
And consent to his wishes by paying his price ;
This song, till ye do so, I'll sing ev'ry day, NOTICES OF Books, 48.
Pity poor Kemble, gentlefolks, pray," &c. ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS, 48.
NEW COVENT GARDEN. “A house there was of great renown,
It stood near Covent Garden;
This very house was once burnt down,
All through a careless warden.
They built the same all up again,
It had a princely founder;
And though it did their pockets drain,
They said 'twould be a wonder.
What do the folks expect of thee, delightful Covent Gardon? (Continued from page 27.) Of forty-one bills against these rioters which were presented "Od zounds,' says Bull, 'is this your trick, to the Grand Jury, only twelve were found, and this was
Am I to be thus cheated ?
But of this way I'll make you sick, considered a popular triumph. The result was a fresh
Until they are abated. outburst of the storm, and a barrister named Clifford, who
With rattles, horns, and bells I'll ring, had gone to the theatre with a large 0. P. in his hat, was Nor will I be more civil,
While Madame Cat. persists to sing, brought before the magistrate at Bow Street for inciting the
You may go to the devil. people to hiss and groan. He was, however, acq tted, on
Oh, Catalani, you squalling Catalani, which he threatened to prosecute Brandon for false im- You'd best go back to France to squall, my dear friend Catalani.' prisonment. The next night many of the placards bore,- “Bull grew so rude that on there came
A man dress'd out in black, sir;
You sure must know him well by name,
'Twas Seven Shilling Jack, sir.
He try'd John Bull to pacify,
But he could not be heard, sir;
John kindly to his friends did cry, There were choruses of shouts and groans, shouts for the Boys ! shall I dress your "Bird,” sir.'
Oh, Jackey Kemble, renowned Jackey Kemble, King and Clifford, and groans for Brandon and Kemble.
You ne'er performed your part so well, for now you really tremble." On November 3rd they performed a “Cure for the Heartache,” Gentleman Jones taking Lewis's part of Young
On November 6th, the rioters fought, wrestled, jumped, Rapid. There were endless sham fights during the evening, and ran, to the utter discomfiture of "Othello” and “The and some fifty O. P.'s occupied the front row of the pit
. Blind Boy," and an enormous placard was exhibited, painted The following placard, said to be written by Mr, Clifford, like a coat of arms, quartered with rattles, horns, and o. P., attracted much attention :
while the indefatigable motto-writers gained applause from
the following sneers or threats :-
“Oh, fie! 'tis an unweeded garden."
"The great Lord Dartmouth will, ere long, And those who always hissed, now hiss the more."
Make Mr. Kemble hold his tongue.' After dancing the Q. P. dance, and stripping the seats
"Is John a greater knave than fool ?" of their coverings, the rioters marched home, giving a cheer The night after a patten was thrown on the stage, and for the Morning Chronicle and a groan for the Post. The a halfpenny whirled at Mr. Fawcet, in spite of sixty new 0. P. motto was now worked in silver and woven on blue constables who had been sworn in at Clerkenwell. The ribbons for the express use of the rioters, and lists of sub- succeeding evening a lad was loudly cheered for appearing scriptions were nightly exhibited, to which the contributors in a buff waiscoat with a large 0. P. on the breast. The appended such pseudonyms as "a foe to base monopoly,” placards and pictures were so gross and indecent as to frighten
an enemy to Managerial oppression,” &c. In every alley, away all the ladies who had hitherto endured the horns and lane, and street, the O. P. parodies were sung to the tunes of whistles, bells and rattles, and the sham fights, for the rioters
Fiddle dum, diddle dum,
ili essed in heavy box coats, used now, to come swathed opinion that the arrest was illegal, an innovation upon with placards and with dustman's bells and watchmen's Englishmen's rights, and a violation of English liberty. rattles in their capacious pockets, eager to raise their war. The hall resounded with shouts, and the street-boys sur
rounding stiff John Kemble, who had been subponed, Death or 0. P..,
roared “O. P.," and chalked the vexatious letters on the And no P. B." (private boxes :)
paving stones before him.
The riots now broke out in an aggravated form again. And the terrible 0. P. dance had now become a carefully The horns blew and the whistles screeched. Twenty white practised gymnastic exercise.
night-caps appeared at once, and half-pence were thrown Every night new passages of Shakspeare were travestied angrily upon the stage. A Mr. Shakespeare, son of a to frighten Kemble, and a tavern wit had earned a reputa- Member of Parliament, appeared in the pit in a barrister's tion who could produce anything even as good as-
gown with M.P., O.P., in his hat, masks and false noses
were worn, and large sums were collected to defend persons “New prices down to Hell and say Old prices sent you there. Away!”.
who were prosecuted. The following are the first verses of
a song written on Clifford's victory :About the fortieth night of the riot, fresh devices were invented to carry on the war. The 0. P.'s began to wear
KING JOHN WAS A MANAGER. round their necks medals, with a head of Kemble, as "King John was a manager mighty and high
Hey populorum jig. Shylock, and below “V. P.” (Vox Populi); on the reverse
He built private boxes, the devil knew why“O. P., O. B., D. P. O.” (old prices, open boxes, deference
Hey populorum jig. to public opinion), wreathed with an oak garland, with These lords and gay madams were shewing their scorns, below a rattle and trumpet, motto :
But soon the fine managers drew in their boras;
With battle 'em, rattle 'em,
Spurn him out, turn him out.
Kemble, O! tremble, O! It was about this time that two eccentric O. P.'s appeared
Hey populorum jig. in the pit, one with a red nightcap, the other with a white, and both shamming sleep. They were soon lodged in Bow “John Bull is the civillest creature alive,
Hey populorum jig: Street, the red-cap's defence was that he always wore the
A baby may lead, but the devil can't drive, cap day and night, and it might cause his death if he left it
Hey populorum jig. off, even for a moment. The white-cap declared one of Says he to the alphabet right merrily, Kemble's catchpoles had stolen his hat, and he required a
Pray lend us your capital letters 0. P.
For a battle 'em, &c. warrant against the thief, which the magistrate refused. This night the placards were very violent :
But Kemble, proud as he was, was nearly worn out : the
people had fairly beaten him ; and, after all, an actor lives on “Defy this Brandon and his hired crew, To take or een lay hands on you,
the breath of popular applause. Mr. Clifford was to be in the And - and pay them if they do."
chair, at the Crown and Anchor, in the Strand, supported by "No longer Kemble gives delight:
500 convivial rioters. As soon as the cloth was taken away, His pride is sickening to the sight.
Mr. Clifford announced that Mr. Kemble had expressed a Since 'tis his will to fall, he must
wish to be present, but was afraid of foul invectives and rough Ashes to ashes, dust to dust."
treatment. He requested therefore a cordial greeting for "O. P. pose, O. P. pressive, O. P. ulence."
him. Mr. Kemble then came in, and said that, distressed as he
was at the popular complaints, he wished for peace, and the The rioters also flew sparrows with labels round their private boxes would be henceforth free, Mr. Brandon's necks, from one side of the house to the other, to carry their instant dismissal was then requested ; and here Kemble genewishes, and they pelted Incledon and Liston with apples, rously hesitated. The 0. P.'s then demanded to be conThe next night a man was nearly murdered in the riot, and ceded at once :the Bow Street magistrate declared if he died the 0. P. ringleaders would be tried for murder. The pictures now
"1.-That the private boxes shall be reduced to the same state as grew nightly more indecent, and the placards frequently they were in the year 1802.
"v 2.-That the pit shall be 35. 6d., the boxes 75. bore the seventh commandment, a virtuous protest against the " 3.—That an apology shall be made on the part of the proprietors, supposed vices of the tenants of the private boxes. Three and Mr. Brandon shall be dismissed. cheers were generally given for the king, and three hisses for
4.- That all prosecutions and actions on both sides shall be “Excessive Bail.”
quashed." The managers now began to play Don Juan, as the dumb show was not affected by the noise The result of this treaty was then at once carried by Kemand the groans; but the rioters insisted on pelting the ble to the theatre, where they were playing the “Provoked ghost of the commendatore. The 0. P.'s then remained so Husband" and " Tom Thumb.” Kemble said he should not quiet for several days that the press reported them dead, and repeat past follies, and announced that prices were to be wrote their epitaph; but on the fiftieth night they broke out reduced and all legal proceedings to be at once stopped. again, and noisily celebrated their jubilee. Kemble, proud But now arose angry cries of " Discharge the box-keeper ; as Coriolanus, and still unconquered, now resolved to carry discharge him." Kemble making no reply, Munden, who the affair to a trial, and Sir Vicary Gibbs brought the mat- played King Arthur, was kept running to and fro with ter before the King's Bench, making, during a consultation, messages from pit to managers. At last, poor, faithful, overhis celebrated pun from Ovid :
zealous Brandon came on amid loud shouts of “ Off, off; be
gone, or go down on your knees.” Sticks were then thrown Effodiuntur opes, irritamenta malorum."
at him; Munden ran off, poor, friendless Brandon followed, Mr. Clifford, also, on the other hand, brought his action and then the roar increased, and the dance that night was in the Common Pleas against Brandon, Kemble's honest to the words of “D. B." (discharge Brandon.) and only too zealous box-keeper, for false imprisonment and The next night, the last of this civil war, Kemble, who assault. Serjeant Best appeared for Mr. Clifford, Serjeant played Penruddock, announced that Brandon had resigned, Shepherd for the defendant. The judge, Sir James Mans- and, on a public apology being demanded from him, made one, field, was dead against the rioters, but the jury gave the and was received with shouts of approval. The playbills plaintiff a verdict of five pounds, and expressed their contained a notice of the concession. Kemble also an