Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

MEMORIAL OF DEAN COLET. compartments, those at the sides containing panels with in

scriptions; and the centre one—which was arched, and A MOVEMENT is on foot for the purpose of raising a sub- surmounted by a demi figure of a lady, crowned, emanating scription for a memorial of Dean Colet, the founder of St. from a wreath-had in it a bust of the dean. It may be Paul's School. The proposition was announced at the added that in further proof of the pious care for Colet's “Apposition " at St. Paul's School on the 26th of June, memory which induced the Court of Assistants of the 1872, and a circular has been issued, inviting the attention Mercer's Company to have an engraving made of his of all persons interested in doing honour to the dean, to the monument—"Ne cum Aede B. Pauli corrueret optime proposal of having executed some memorial of him in con- meriti Theologi Monumentum, ectypa haec exsculpi nection with the works now in progress for the completion sumptu publico jusserunt Custodes et Assistentes Merof the interior of St. Paul's Cathedral. The original monu cerorum Societatis-A.D. 1656" *—they have appended, ment in the Cathedral, which was destroyed in the Great Fire year after year, to the Apposition Book the illustration of London, in 1666, and of which there is an engraving in showing that portion of the tomb which contained the bust, Dugdale's “St. Paul's,” consisted of a plain altar tomb, upon and this engraving by the kindness of Dr. Kynaston, the the front of which were inscribed the following lines : High Master of St. Paul's School, we are enabled to re

"" Hic situs est D. Jo. Coletus, hujus Ecclesiæ Decanus, produce. In this illustration, the triple inscription given theologus insignis, qui ad exemplum S. Pauli semper egit above is of course wanting, the engraving showing only the gratuitum Evangelicæ doctrinæ præconem ac sinceræ doc- upper half of the monument. These lines are the theme of trinæ perpetua vita sinceritate respondit. Scholam Dr. Kynaston's poem, entitled “ Coleti Sepulcrum," a Paulinam suo sumptu solus et instituit, et annuo reditu graceful and melodious composition, spoken by the “cap

[graphic][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small]

dotavit. Genus honestissimum Christi dotibus cohonestavit; tain” of St. Paul's School at the last Apposition, on the præcipue sobrietate mira ac pudicitia ; nunc fruitur Evan- 25th of June. The poem has been printed in English gelica Margarita, cujus amore neglexit omnia ; vixit Aos. 53 and Latin, with a short preface, in which it is stated administravit xvi. obiit anno 1519,

that the “Inscriptio Triplex" deserves "some such ex“Morere mundo, ut vivas Deo."

planation as the author" here ventures to supply, par

ticularly the concluding words, which the Dean gave in Upon the top of the tomb, was the figure of a skeleton English, curiously enough, but for the best of reasons reclining at full length upon a mattress, and at each end — Love and Live. The etymological connection of these rose a pillar supporting the canopy. In the recess at the words is well given in Richardson's Dictionary, under the back was this inscription :

word · Believe '—that is, be-lieve, which might be added to

the inscription, thus4 C. Ystuc Recidit Gloria Carnis.

“'LOVE-LIVE-BE-LIEVE.'” fo C. Morere Mundo at Vibas Deo.

“I am afraid,” adds Dr. Kynaston, “we must conclude + C. Lobe and Libe.

that the whole monument perished in the Great Fire, for the

bust traditionally supposed to be that of Dean Colet can On one side of the tablet containing the above lines, was hardly be his, the ruff ornament of the neck being of a later a shield bearing the arms of the City of London, and on the age. It may be a portion of the monument of Dean Nowell, other side a shield with the arms of Colet-Argent, two swords saltire-wise-impaling those of St. Paul's School. The upper part, or canopy of the tomb was divided into three

* Dugdale's “St. Paul's."

or Dr. William Aubrey, in both of which this appendage is inscription on the old tomb. The circular already alluded observable in Dugdale's illustrations, and in no other in- to points out that “no better subject for a window could be stance. But I think it by no means improbable that the devised than such a picture of the Child Jesus as Erasmus bust of Colet, preserved in the High Master's house, and describes above the High Master's chair, suggested by him. said als) to have been dug out of the ruins of the Fire, was self, with the legend, 'Hear ye Him,' not more suitable to the real remnant of the Founder's Tomb."

St. Paul's School, dedicated as it was by its revered founder, Prior to the Great Fire of London, there appear to have than to St. Paul's Cathedral, where the Gospel may be said been two busts to Dean Colet, the one in the Cathedral and to have been first preached by the greatest of its deans, the other in St. Paul's School. The latter is still in existence, unencumbered by the scholasticism of the former age.” and, as stated above, is preserved in the residence of the Other suggestions have been made, such, for instance, as a High Master. This bust has been erroneously stated by mosaic in one of the soffits of the dome, representing the Dr. Knight to be the one that was originally on the monu- Miraculous Draught of Fishes, to which, however, objecment in the cathedral, but in this he has apparently mis- tions may be entertained, either that such a design would taken a passage in Strype. Dr. Knight's words are :

cost too much, or that it would be regarded as accessory “ The ruins of this monument are still to be seen under St. rather to a series of historical embellishments of the CathéPaul's, and the entire bust, concerning which Mr. Strype dral, than as constituting a particular recognition and says that, though it seems to be stone, yet he had been told memorial to Dean Colet himself. Another suggestionby an ingenious person (Mr. Bagford) it is nothing else but and one which has been received with general favour-has clay, burnt and painted—a fine art known and practised in been made by Dr. Kynaston; namely, that the memorial former times." In Stow's “ Survey,” by Strype (1720), should consist of a bust of the Dean, somewhat similar to vol. i., p. 163, is an account of St. Paul's School, in which the one now in the High Master's house at St. Paul's mention is made of " a lively effigy, and of exquisite art, of School, but much larger, and executed in marble by a the head of Dr. Colet, cut (as it seemed) either in stone or competent sculptor, with a handsome pedestal, together with wood.

But this figure was destroyed with the bas-reliefs representing the Miraculous Draught of Fishes School in the great fire ; yet was afterwards found in the and the Child Jesus in the Temple. Let the memorial take rubbish by a curious man, and searcher into the city an- what shape or form it may, the undertaking can be carried tiquities, who observed (and so told me that it was cast out only in harmonious subordination to the general and hollow, by a curious art now lost.' Maitland, in his designs of the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's; and the

History of London " (3rd edition, 1760), vol. ii., p. 932, present opportunity, therefore, is one of immediate conrepeats the preceding account (without acknowledgment, sequence, and far more suitable than any which may be almost word for word; but a marginal reference ascribes expected to offer itself in future years. The cost of a the lines written upon the bust to Mr. Bagsord (no doubt memorial window, or bust and accompaniments, may be the one mentioned by Dr. Knight). The lines in question roughly estimated at a thousand or, at most, fifteen hundred are as follows:

pounds; and it is announced that subscriptions for the

same may be paid to Dr. Kynaston's account at Messrs. Eloquio juvenes ubi Lillius ille polivit,

Coutt's Bank, endorsed “ Colet Memorial Fund."
In statuâ spiras, magne Colete, tuâ :
Quam si Praxiteles fecisset magnus, et ille

Forsitan æquasset, non superasset opus.
Hac salvå statuâ, divinit forma Coleti
Temporibus longis non peritura manet."

THE PRESERVATION OF ROMAN

ANTIQUITIES. Hence it would seem clear that Strype meant the bust found among the School ruins, and that he makes no men. We have received permission from Mr. John Henry Parker, tion at all of anything discovered among the ruins of the C.B., to publish the following letter :--Before I return Cathedral.

to Rome for another winter, I am desirous, if possible, As regards the supposed relics of Colet's monument, still to awaken public attention to the very peculiar circumshown in the crypt, Palmer, in his “Translation of Eras- stances in which the City of Rome is at present placed, and mus's Life of Colet” (1851), p. 23, thus writes :-“ The the manner in which some of the interesting remains of blistered bust of some other ancient, preserved from the ancient Rome are endangered thereby. It is generally great fire, and which is still pointed out in a dark corner of known that an Act has passed the Italian Parliament, by a the crypt, has in the verger's tradition usurped the name of large majority, ordering that the general law of Italy, with Colet, and now alone marks the burial-place of the founder regard to church property, shall be applied to Rome without of St. Paul's School.” In the last-mentioned work are further delay. But few persons realise what this means, or printed the old lines, ending :

the extent of it; more than half the buildings and the land

within the walls of Rome must be sold in the course of the “ Of Colete's lyfe, loe! th' image heere, In Powle's his outward shape we fynd,

ensuing year, and the money produced by the sale invested His tomb is heere, his tomb is there,

in the public funds of Italy, so that the priests, and the Two tombs to keep him still in mynd,

monks, and the nuns, will become fund-holders instead of One holdes his bodie dead in Powle's ;

landed proprietors. This change had been forced on the Powle's Scole maynteyns his living fame, Such bodies dead have livinge soules;

Government by the almost unanimous voice of the people. We prayse therefore Godes holie name.”

The Municipality, in its correspondence with the Govern

ment, had not complained of the number of idle persons, The Colet Memorial Fund has been already commenced, and the encouragement of idleness, but had pointed out the under the presidency of the Bishop of Llandaff, with Sir great number of large empty buildings occupying the best James Hannen, Sir Frederick Halliday, and Baron Pollock situations in Rome, in which they said that where there was as vice-presidents, and the Rev. H. Kynaston, D.D., as room for a hundred, there were not ten, and had not been treasurer. The form which the memorial is to assume is, we for the last century. The Pontificial Government had used believe, not yet definitely settled, but a window, together with many of these empty monasteries as barracks for their army; an ornamental tablet, or brass upon the pavement, has been the Italian Government had them valued, and paid the suggested, the brass to contain some portion at least of the owners 5 per cent. interest on the value of those they

occupied. It was the complete stagnation which had been

caused by the locking up of so much ground, which roused * "Life of Colet," and edition, p. 229.

them to action. But this stagnation was favourable to the + Sic leg. pro divina.

preservation of ancient buildings.

The population of Rome is now increasing at an enormous moned there his tew followers and let fall to his envoy, De rate, upwards of two thousand houses are now building in Pradt, the remarkable observation, that there is but one step Rome, and in addition to these, great manufactories and from the sublime to the ridiculous." I imagine the historian's large warehouses for commercial purposes are loudly called authority is the Abbe's “Histoire de l'Ambassade de for; there is no saying what will be destroyed. The new Varsovie" (Paris, 1820), though he does not give any city is building on the hills, on the site of the City of the reference thereto, and I have not the Archbishop of Malins' Empire, not on the low ground where the City of the Popes “Euvres" at hand ; there is no doubt, however, the remark was built. The great agger of Servius Tullius is almost was made by the Emperor, and very generally ascribed to gone: it was an enormous bank of earth, 50 feet high, and him as his “geôlier et bourreau." Sir Hudson Lowe, in a at least as wide at the base, with a foss on each side of it, at note to Las Cases' celebrated letter of the 19th December, least 15 feet deep, which had been paved, and made into 1816, from "Balcombe Cottage au secret en vue de Longstreets. A portion of the inner foss, with the pavement at wood,” says “In reading what follows one maywell exclaim, the bottom of it, was visible two years since. I am anxious as General Buonaparte himself once did, Du sublime au to raise funds to save a section of it, as an historical monu- ridicule il n'y a qu'un pas' (“History of the Captivity of ment.

Napoleon at St. Helena," by W. Forsyth, Vol. ii., p. 293), The monastery of St. Gregory, from which Augustine was nevertheless it does not follow that it was originally sent to England to convert the Saxons to Christianity, must Napoleon's. I have heard it attributed to Burke, but now be sold, with its large gardens, in which are some ruins I cannot find it in his “Philosophical Enquiry into the of the house of St. Gregory himself, and in another part the Origin of the Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful” (5th remains of the Porta Capena, and the site of the Camenæ ed., Dodsley, 1767). Perhaps some reader of the Antiquary or the Grove of the Muses. The greater part of the Forum can give me the required information. of Augustus is occupied by a great nunnery, the blank wall

S. R. TOWNSHEND MAYER. of which (30 feet high), on the side of one of the principal NAPOLEON'S CHARGER “ JAFFA."-As a subscriber to thoroughfares of Rome, is familiar to most visitors. The

your interesting paper, I beg to propose the following query other wall of that nunnery is one of the walls of the early in the hope that yourself

, or some of your numerous readers, kings of Rome, part of which still stands there, 50 feet high may be able to furnish a reply:-what is known of a and 12 feet thick. No one, not even ladies, have been charger that belonged to Napoleon Buonaparte, and named admitted within that nunnery for the last generation. All “ Jaffa? The cause of my enquiry is this

. At the entrance the outer part of the great Thermæ of Caracalla must be to a very fine avenue of trees adjoining the mansion of the sold, and is not unlikely to have a manufactory built upon it. ancient seat of the Robertses of Glassonbury, in the parish of The government hold the central building only, not includ. Cranbrook, Kent, and now in the possession of T. W. Roberts, ing the porticus in front, nor the great piscina behind, or not Esq., there is a small round column of sand-stone with this more than a third part of the whole structure.

inscription thereon (now nearly obliterated): – It is known that Rome is undermined by subterranean passages, some of them very early, and similar to that lately

“ UNDER THIS STONE LIES JAFFA, THE FAMOUS excavated at the Mamertine Prison. Permission would CHARGER OF NAPOLEON, AGED 37 YEARS. readily be obtained to clear them out and examine them

This horse, which was white, is remembered by some of thoroughly at the present time; but when new streets with the inhabitants of Cranbrook parish. It was, as I am also new sewers are making in all directions, the opportunity informed, killed in the year 1829, by a gentleman who owned will soon be lost. These are only some specimens of what it, of the name of Hartley, who was residing there at that there is to be done, if the money can be raised.

time. This pillar was noticed by the members of the Kent The Italian Government and the Municipality of Rome Archæological Society among the objects of interest at their are really doing their utmost, and much credit is due to them late visit to Cranbrook and its neighbourhood. for what they have done and are doing; but they have to borrow

W. TARBUTT, money at 8 per cent, to do it, and we cannot expect them to

FAMILY OF WROTH.-In the index to the catalogues of do more than they are doing. It is not a case for other the Harleian MSS. in the British Museum, there is a Governments to act, the pride of the Italians would be hurt reference to the pedigree of the family of Worth; but on at any attempt to purchase these interesting, ruins by, a referring to the MS. itself mentioned in the catalogue, I find foreign Government, they regret and resent the hold that the that the pedigree is that of Wroth, of Enfield, not Worth. French have obtained of a large part of the Pincian Hill I wish to know whether this is merely an error in the printing the Hyde Park and Kensington Gardens of Rome. But they would have no objection to the action of a neutral body, Mr. Perry, in his papers on " Loughton Church” (see pp:

of the index, or whether the two names are the same. As such as a Society of Archäologists from all the provinces of 164 and 187 ante), has referred to the Wroth family, I should the old Roman Empire, including the Italians themselves, be glad if he could tell me if he knows of any synonyor as many as choose to join it.

mous mention of the two names of Worth and Wroth. All well-educated persons are interested in the antiquities

JOHN H. HOOPER. of Rome. The Germans have for many years had an establishment there for assisting the study of them. Eng.

CHINGFORD CHURCH, ESSEX.-Can any reader give me land has done

nothing ; surely it is time for the educated information concerning Chingford Church, Essex, as to what classes to stir themselves before it is too late ; it is now or whether any persons of note were associated with it or

was its origin, and if it was connected with Waltham Abbey; never. An opportunity is offered for supporting the “Roman Exploration Fund,” by which a great deal has been done, buried there, when it was last used for public worship? but which is now exhausted.

Wright's “ History of Essex ” gives no account of it.

A. Q. (With reference to the monuments in Chingford Church, we will Queries.

direct our correspondent's attention to Mr. J. Perry's interesting

papers in the Antiquary, Vol. iii., pp. 272 and 287.-Ed.) “ FROM THE SUBLIME TO THE RIDICULOUS THERE SALT WORK.-In many “Inquisiones Post Mortem " and IS BUT A STEP." Was this axiom when uttered by "Pedes Finium " a salt work is frequently mentioned with Napoleon original or a quotation ? Crowe in his “History its annual value. What was it? In some parishes, so far as of France” (Vol. v., p. 95), says, recounting Napoleon's I can trace, no springs whatever exist, and, therefore, I am fight from the grand army retreating from Russia in 1812, unable to see how a salt work could be there, “From Wilna he (Napoleon) proceeded to Warsaw, sum

S.

He says,

TALLEYRAND OR Count MONTROND, WHICH IS the city. These mounds were all levelled in consequence of the AUTHOR ?—Since I sent my query to you (see p. 143 ante) construction of the station of the “London, Chatham and I have read, and on reliable authority (Dr. E. Cobham Dover Railway.” The Dane John mound is of far higher Brewer's) that the saying "language was given to men to antiquity then, than Mr. Bedo supposes it to be, namely, conceal their thoughts," is neither Talleyrand's nor Mont- the era of the Commonwealth. We have Leland, the anti. rond's, but Fontenelle's. Can your correspondents point quary, in his Itinerary, noticing it in the time of Henry VIII. out the passage in his writings, if the saying be his ?

many years previous to his time, men seeking for FREDERICK RULE. treasure at a place called the Dungen, where Barnhale's house Chained Books IN CHURCHES.—I should be glad it is now, and ther yn digging, found a corse closed in lead." any of your readers could assist me in arriving at anything This, doubtless was the Dane John mound; for, later in like an accurate list of the churches in England which Elizabeth's reign, a certain Hugh Johns (according to the possess at the present time Bibles or other religious works, Burghmote Records) was permitted to cut down the oak chained, as was formerly the custom in most churches. I trees which then covered the mound,“ provided he planted remember some years ago, when travelling in Norfolk, twenty ashes or elms, and kept them to grow."-See Somhaving my attention drawn to one of these relics. It was in ner, " Ant. Cant.”. A windmill once stood upon the mound. a small parish church somewhere in the neighbourhood of The dimensions of the hill were far too important to be a North Walsingham, but the exact name of the place has at mere butt for artillery, although the Dane John Field, the the present moment escaped my memory. The book in recreation ground of the citizens from time immemorial, question was preserved in a kind of cupboard or hutch on

once used as a practising ground for the Canterbury Archers, the north side of the chancel, near the altar rails. The became at a later period the field wherein butts were erected “hutch," which was composed of plain and almost un

to take the aim of blundering musquies,” and other firearm; shapen boards, was evidently designed for the safe custody

as they were described. of the book when not in use. At the top was a narrow shelf The present city walls, probably taking their present form which served the purpose of a reading-desk, and the volume about the time of Richard II. (Archbishop Sudbury being itself was a copy of Fox's "Book of Martyrs.” Ashford said have erected the Westgate Towers), do not by any Church, in Kent, if I am not mistaken, has or had a chained means represent the ancient fortifications or earthworks of copy of the "Book of Martyrs,” for the perusal of such as Roman or Saxon times. chose to avail themselves of the opportunity thus afforded There is a concluding hypothesis which may be hazarded them. Some of your correspondents, I have no doubt, can as regards the origin of the Dane John mound. The Norpoint out instances where they are still preserved, or where man castles, as in the case of the castle at Oxford, have often there are traces left of books having been so exposed. a mound as a kind of look-out place erected in their neigh

J. HAMMOND. bourhood. Canterbury has its castle, dating from the era of

Henry II., and although a castle undoubtedly existed in the time of the Conqueror, the mound at Canterbury might have

been after all, the “Donjon Mound.” Replics.

The perforation of this hill near its base by a drift or cutTHE DANE JOHN, CANTERBURY (Vol. iii. 43).-Not from ting, might possibly throw some light upon its origin. At inattention, but from accident, has Mr. Bedo's account of the present I will not permit it to be modernised, but claim for Dane John mound at Canterbury, and his appeal to myself, it a venerable and time-honoured antiquity. remained unnoticed.

JOHN BRENT, F.S.A. The article in the Antiquary escaped my attention until

“ LEIGH HUNT WAS NOT A SWEET PEA KIND OFMAN" a few days since. I can give, however, but little specific (Vol. iv. 66, 145, 182, 205).— Illness has prevented me from history of the Dane John mound, from which, no doubt, noticing the “reply” of your correspondent G. J. H, so the adjacent Public Garden took its name. I must first soon as I should have liked. I am somewhat at a loss to repeat a few observations which appeared in a book of mine, know what entitled your correspondent's five lines to a place on Local Antiquities, published some years since.

among the “replies" in the Antiquary, as he is unable to The name assigned to the mound is variously written answer or throw any light on the question I asked. Is it “ Totam terram nostram quam habuimus ad Dangonum

possible G. J. H. is so ignorant as to suppose I am the Danzonem; also “in campo qui vocatur Dangun,” in a deed author of " Abou Ben Adhem,” and therefore of the line 14th Edward I. Likewise, "juxta le Daungeon," as also

“ Write me as one that loves his fellow men” ?-which he, in old rentals of the Cathedral ; and Roger Brent, in his will, failing altogether to see the point of Browning's remark, as recorded by Somner, dated 1486, mentioning his manor declares to be of the “sweet pea order,” (a declaration there, calls it so, and the hill bard by “Dungeor hill." which would be smart were it not une niaiserie) and the " Canterbury in the Olden Time.” Gostling I consider of worst of the three lines "chosen” for the memorial. Firstly, little or no authority respecting the Dane John. He even remark cannot apply to it. Secondly, if G. J. H. refers to

as the line adopted was Leigh Hunt's own, Mr. Browning's hints it may take its derivation from one John, a Dane ! Nevertheless the name may have been derived from an tions were “chosen,” but simply discussed. And whether

my original query he will see that I did not say three quotaancient tradition, and perhaps, as Somner supposes, indicated the one we adopted was the best or the worst it is impossible the work of the Danes against the city, or the defence by the for G. J. H. to decide, because the other two-from Lord citizens against the Danes, during one of the sieges Canter- Lytton and Shelley—were never made public; as I know, bury had to endure from the northmen. There were because I wrote and sent to the papers the notice of the anciently two mounds, the second, and lesser, lying also with meeting whereat the discussion took place. Notwithstandin the enceinte of the wall, but northwards of the existing ing G. J. H.'s dogmatic expression of opinion I doubt if he mound. It disappeared many years since, under municipal could give me the better two lines which we rejected. Reimprovements, but is marked in a city map dated A.D. 1703. jected not because they were inapposite, but because they

There were, likewise, several hills or tumuli, beyond the were not Leigh Hunt's own estimate of himself, and therecity wall, in the Martyr's Field, south of the present mound, fore might be regarded as “of the sweet pea order." but contiguous to it, and so peculiar in construction that I Thirdly, I did not make choice of the line from " Abou Ben had thought it possible they might be of Celtic or British Adhem.” It was suggested by Mr. S. C. Hall-very origin, and were in connection with the larger mound itself. happily–who also proposed the line from Lord Lytton. This, however, I give with caution. It might involve an im- When the discussion on the subject arose, the poet's grandportant question as regards the site of the ancient British I son, remembering the brotherly friendship between Leigh

men.

ears.

Hunt and Shelley, suggested a line from the latter. After If your correspondent will refer to a still older book, to Mr. Browning's remark, however, I moved and Mr. John wit, the Book of Exodus, xxi. 6, he will find that a Hebrew Watson Dalby seconded a resolution that the line from servant, at the expiration of six years, could, if he chose, “Abou Ben Adhem ” alone should be placed on the become free, but if, on the contrary, he preferred to continue pedestal—which was agreed to. The concluding remark of a slave, then “his master was, according to the law of G. J. H. “ Leigh Hunt was better than a lover of his fellow Moses,“ to take him to the door-post, and bore his ear

He never sank so low as that," betrays such total through with an awl; and he shall serve him for ever." ignorance of Leigh Hunt as to need no comment from me. This is no doubt the foundation for the statement referred All those who knew Leigh Hunt personally or are at all to. conversant with his writings know that that line contains his

H. FISHWICK, F.R.Hist. S. proudest title to the veneration of Englishmen-nay, of the entire human family-because he loved and worked for THE GOOD OLD TIMES (Vol. iv. 190, 206).—The following them.

remarkable case is quoted in Brand's History of Newcastle S. R. TOWNSHEND MAYER. from the Harleian MSS., Nos. 980-87:EAR-RINGS (Vol. iv. 191).-It cannot be allowed that “Of the Scots weaver, who had 62 children by one woman, rings, ear-rings or nose-rings (anciently they were closely all living till they were baptized, &c.allied, as will be shown), were ever worn or carried as “ A weaver in Scotland had by one woman 62 children, all "signs of servitude.” Such ornaments were too highly living till they were baptized, of which ther wer but fower prized by the fashionables of remote antiquity to admit of a daughters onely, who lived till they wer women, and 46 use significant of slavery.

sonns, all attaining to man's estate. During the time of The earliest Bible account of such jewels is thus recorded this fruitfulness in the woman, her husband at her impor(Gen. xxiv. 22)—“And

the man took a golden ear- tunity absented himself from her for the space of 5 years ring of half a shekel weight,”; &c. The word here translated together, serving as a soldier under the command of Captain ear-ring is Nezem, which may mean either ear-ring, nose-ring, Selby, in the Low Counties. After his return home, his or, as it is in the margin of our English Bibles, " a jewel for wife was again delivered of three children at a birth, and so the forehead.”. See also verses 30 and 47 of the same in her due time continued in such births till through bearing chapter; in the latter verse, “I put the ear-ring upon her she became impotent. The certainty of this relation I had face,” &c. Again, Gen. xxxv. 44" And they gave unto from Joh Delavall of Northumb' Esq? who, anno 1630, rid Jacob all the strange gods which were in their hand, and all about thirty miles beyond Edinburrough to see this fruitful their ear-rings which were in their ears; and Jacob hid them couple, who wer both then living. Her stature and features under the oak which was by Shechem." The word in this he described to me then more fully. There was not any of passage is “ Nězămeem," the same as above (plural). the children then abiding with ther parents, Sir John Bowes Hebraists say the word means nose-ring ; it may be so, but and three other men of qualitie having taken at severall times the text is sufficiently explanatorythey were taken from the ten of ther children a peece from them and brought them

The word is also used in the singular, and translated up. The rest wer disposed of by other English and Scottish ear-ring, Job. xlii. 11, and Prov. xxv. 12, which see. Per- gent. amongst which 3 or four of them are now alive, and haps the most remarkable chapter in the Bible, where this abiding at Newcastle, 1630." word is introduced, is Exodus xxxii. It might indeed be

WILLIAM DODD. inferred that because they had been bondsmen in Egypt the "ancient people” carried away with them the badges of

The instance of extreme fructuousness given by your servitude, but we are told they “ spoiled the Egyptians." correspondent “Gete,” is a remarkable example of the Verses 2, 3, 4—“ And Aaron said unto them, Break off the unbounded credibility of the middle ages, for I presume golden ear-rings which are in the ears of your wives, of your names and circumstances being given, such a tale would sons, and of your daughters, and bring them unto me.

And scarcely have survived if not believed. Indubitabily, a physi. all the 'people brake off the golden ear-rings which wer

in ologist could explode such a statement by a very simple their ears, and brought them unto Aaron. And he received

definition. 'them at their hand, and fashioned it with a graving-tool, But I fancy the first instance has many parellels. after he had made it a molten calf: and they said, these be My own great-great-grandfather was the only survivor of thy gods 0 Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of twenty-two children, born to his father by one wife. Egypt."

The « World of Wonders" gives several instances of In Numbers, xxxi. 50,"bracelets, rings, ear-rings, and numerous births. tablets,” the words rings and ear-rings are in the original Thomas Greenhill, surgeon to the Duke of Norfolk, tăbăoth, ăgeel, meaning "rings or seals, ring," and tablets. petitioned his Grace for an augmentation to his coat of arms

In Judges, viii. 24.—"They had golden ear-rings, because to perpetuate the fact of his being the seventh son and thirtythey were Ishmaelites.” Again the word “Nezem.” See ninth child of one father and mother. The Collectanea Topa also other passages, Hosea ii. 13, and Isaiah iii. 20, where graphica, from which the above was quoted, also asserts that the word is “ lěchăsheem," amulets. It is evident then, ear a weaver in Scotland had by one woman, sixty-two children, jewels were worn by ancient aristocracy as articles for adorn- of whom four daughters and forty-six sons lived to grow ment, fixed to the ear perhaps without a perforated lobe.* up. It is also evident that a pierced ear was a sign of servitude, More noteworthy, if true, is the case of Dinora Salviate. but not of slavery, as the service was voluntary.

who presented her husband with fifty-two children, of whom “If the servant shall plainly say, I love my master, my never less than three were born at a time. It is primâ facie wife, and my children ; I will not go out free. Then his evident that they could not have been born singly. The master shall bring him unto the judges; he shall also bring maximum number at a birth (excepting that given by your him to the door, or unto the door-post; and his master shall correspondent) I have read of is that in the case of Thomas bore his ear through with an awl ; and he shall serve him for and Edith Bonham, who had two children at a birth the ever.” (Exodus xxi. 5, 6.)

first time and after an interval of seven years, the wife had NUMMUS. seven at a birth.

While considering this subject, I will enquire if there

are any known instances to equal the following given by : SeePlates :-Wilkinson's Ancient Egyptians, and Layard's Douglas Allport in his “Camberwell,” recording the death Nineveh.

of Anne Haihaway, May 1658, who was 105 years old at

« AnteriorContinuar »