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deposit in which the remains of a juvenile, in a cinerary authority, showing how they were attached, and on which
condition, have been laid out at length, the head to the side ? Were they, as represented in some modern en-
west and feet to the east, and suspect other similar inter- gravings, attached by a strap passing through the handle, or
ments of a like character. Attendant circumstances point had they a hook to pass through a ring in the saddle-bow ?
towards a transitional period as their date, say that of I should be glad also to know the meaning of the “ mace
the Pagan Saxons, but I should be glad to learn whether at the House of Commons. Is that gilded emblem of
cremation is known to have been practised subsequent to authority derived from the old mace or war-hammer?
the general reception of Christianity, or the time of Egbert,

J. MCNAB. sometimes called the Great.

H. ECROYD SMITH. VISCOUNT DUNDEE.-In Wright's “History of Scot

land," in giving an account of the death of Viscount Dundee, CORONATION ROBES OF RICHARD THE THIRD.-In his at the battle of Killiecrankie, it speaks of him as dying immeHistory of British Costume,” Mr. Planché says, “Of the diately after he received his wound, and adds that the Highcoronation robes of Richard (the Third] we have a detailed slanders, who had fought under him, stripped him of his account in a book, to which is prefixed an indenture wit- clothes, for the sake of plunder, leaving the gallant noblenessing “ Piers Courteys, the King's wardrober, hathe man's corpse naked on the field. Is there not, however, a taken upon him to purvey by the third day of Juyell next despatch in existence written by Dundee the day after the coming, the parcels ensying agaynst the coronation of our battle, in which he alludes to his wound, and expresses Sovereigne Lorde." I shall be glad to know whether the hopes of recovery? Can any one also inform me whether book alluded to is in the British Museum, and if so, would the ruins of the Church of Blair Athol, where Dundee is ask, what is its title ?

said to have been buried, are still standing? And whether R. KENMARE. there are any indications of the fierce cavalier's last resting

place? NORTHUMBERLAND HOUSE.—When was Northumber

T. REED. land House erected? The screen bears the date of 1749; but does this mean the date of the erection of the building, PRYNNE AND THURLOE.-Prynne, the enemy of ungodly or the period when, to use a favourite phrase of church- • Stage Players,” and author of the “ Histrio Matrix ; ' and wardens, it was “repaired and beautified ?The site Thurloe, the Secretary to Cromwell, are said to be both appears, before the Reformation, to have been occupied by buried in the curious vaulted space beneath Lincoln's Inn the Hospital of Rounceval.

Chapel. Does any inscription to the memory of either of Z. WADE. them still remain, or can their graves be identified ? An

iron railing prevents the examination of any of the grave. FIRE-CLAW.-In Yaxley Church, Hunts., is preserved a stones. The arms of Prynne, which would probably be cut massive claw, formerly used at fires. A sturdy pole, about on his gravestone, are given by Burke as-Or, a fess engrailed 20 feet long, fitted with rings at intervals, terminates in a azure, between three escallops gules. Crest-In a coronet, huge double claw of iron. The thatch of a burning cottage or, an eagle displayed ppr., beaked sable. Those of Thur. was seized with the claw, and horses, tied to the rings in loé I do not know, and should be glad to ascertain. the pole, dragged the roof off; the object being to prevent

H. EDWARDS. the spread of the fire. Have other specimens been noted ?

W. D. SWEETING. MARSHAL BUGEAUD.-I have often seen quoted in print

a remark, said to have been written by the late Marshal HISTORICAL QUERY.—Can any one kindly give me infor. Bugeaud, to the effect that “the English infantry were the mation respecting the historical incident referred to in the finest in the world, and he (the Marshal) considered it a

merciful dispensation of Providence that there were so few " When Malachi wore the collar of gold,

of them.” In what work of the late Marshal's do these Which he won from her proud invader,"

words occur, and is there any English translation of it?

B. STOVIN. in the Irish song, "Let Erin remember the days of old ? " Also by whom the words of the song were written ?

FIGHT FOR THE STANDARD AT MARSTON MOOR.-In a M. JANE RONNIGER.

painting which has been often engraved, entitled “ The STONE COFFINS. – In the space round the Temple bears a human skull and a laurel wreath, with the motto

Fight for the Standard at Marston Moor," the said standard Church, London, lie six large stone coffins. I have been told that they were found beneath an old house, pulled used at Marston Moor, and, if so, to whose regiment did it

" One of these." Is such a standard known to have been down some years ago.

Can any one tell me whether human remains were found in them, and whether any in

belong?

DAVID ALEXANDER. scriptions or other clues to the identity of their occupants were discovered ?

“Nell."—What is the derivation of the termination D. KELLEY.

“nell,”

,” found in so many surnames, as Strugnell, Bignell, DERIVATION OF THE WORD "STIME.” - In the ancient Bicknell

, etc., and the names of Knell, and Nell? In ballad of “Robin Hood and the Scottish Beggar," the two Nottinghamshire we have Hucknall (the burying place of outlaws sent in pursuit of the sturdy mendicant who had Lord Byron). I should be obliged of some information on beaten their chief, on returning, relate their defeat :

W. STIRLING. " And how in the thick woods he fled,

FIRST DUKE OF LEEDS.-I shall be obliged if some Ere they a stime could see.”

reader of the Antiquary will furnish me with information I have often heard an old Nottinghamshire man use the respecting the history of Sir Thomas Osborne, first Duke of expression “I couldn't see a stem.” What is the derivation Leeds, who died in 1712. of the word ?

T. Fry. T. GODOLIFFE.

WHITE HORSE OF WESTBURY.–What is the most MACES.-The maces, or hammers, and axes, used by commonly received opinion as to the origin of the “ White knights in the middle ages, are said to have been carried at Horse of Westbury," which is so conspicuous an object the saddle-bow. Is there any ancient illumination, or other from the Great Western line ? When I walked over it

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some years ago, I calculated the length of it roughly as the right hand and the Bible in his left. When the bishop about sixty yards, and I noticed what appeared to be re- is “in Coppu Magna," or officiating in any diocese save his mains of ancient intrenchments near it.

own, he does not use his pastoral staff. The same applies

T. DAKIN. to abbots officiating in other abbeys. It is borne by the CREST AND MOTTO OF THE WAY FAMILY.- What crestments, only during the mass, when preaching or giving the

bishop only when he wears his mitre and the sacred vest. and motto belong to the family of “Way?" The late Albert blessing. It is borne by him in processions, and at confirmaWay, Esq., F.S.A., was a distinguished member of that tions, ordinations, and other solemn occasions during certain family. I should be glad also to know from what source portions of the service; and when not in the bishop's hand, the name is derived ?

it is carried for him by a boy or server, who wears a white R, E. W.

tippet, the ends of which he wraps round the staff, not THE Rock Circles of NORTHUMBERLAND.-A few materials, usually silver, gold, or gilded metal, more or less

touching it with the hands. Pastoral staves are of various years ago several articles appeared in the Builder, on the enriched with precious stones, and about six feet high. The various circular marks on the rocks of Northumberland. "pateressa ” is the pastoral staff of a Greek bishop: Has any decision been arrived at with respect to the mean. ing of these singular devices ?

The Papal cross is triple, like the tiara, with three trans. B. HASLAM.

verse beams. The "patriarchal cross," borne by Eastern

archimandrates and patriarchs, has two transverse beams, A CURIOUS BROOCH.-A brooch in pewter, 2 inches in one smaller than that below diameter, was found in the neighbourhood of Birkenhead a

The “ eucolpion," or pectoral cross, is a small gold cross, few years back. It is inscribed inversely, " +IHESVS . frequently a reliquary, worn by bishops and abbots round NAZARENVS .L A,” in large characters of the fourteenth the neck. Formerly, a sort of scarf made of silk, ornacentury. Can any of your erudite readers explain the mean- mented with cords or tassels, was attached to the handle of ing of the two concluding letters in this inscription ? the staff, and may be seen at the South Kensington

H. ECROYD SMITH.
Museum,

A. D. SIR HUGH SMITHSON.-Will some reader kindly favour me with any particulars of the life of Sir Hugh Smithson, BROWNISTS (Vol. iii. 319).--Towards the end of the 16th Bart., born 1657, died 1729, and ancestor of the present Dukes century a sect of professing Christians arose under the leaderof Northumberland; also of his grandson, Sir Hugh Smith- ship of Robert Brown, a man of some learning, but of an son, Bart., afterwards Earl of Northumberland, who died impetuous and fiery temper. He began to inveigh against in 1786 ?

the order of the Established Church of England about the J. D. GROUT. year 1580, by preaching and zealously diffusing his senti

ments wherever he went, especially in the county of Norfolk. MOTTO OF THE DAKYNS OF YORKSHIRE.—What is In 1592 his followers increased (according to the testimony supposed to be the meaning of the singular motto of the of Sir Walter Raleigh) to the number of 20,000, exclusive Dakyns of Yorkshire : “ Strike Dakyns, the devil's in the of women and children. In the reign of Elizabeth, the hempe ?"

Brownists were much persecuted, which occasioned many of S. BRYDE. them to fly to Holland, where several churches were estab

lished. Robert Brown boasted that for his preaching

against the ceremonies of the State Church and her bishops Replies.

he had been imprisoned thirty-two times, in some of which

cells he could not see his hand at noonday. While at CROSIER AND PASTORAL STAFF (Vol. iii. 292, 322).–The Northampton his preaching was so offensive that he was cited terms "pastoral staff” and “crosier" are very often erroneously before Dr. Linsdale, Bishop of Peterborough, who, upon his confounded, whereas (as most Roman Catholics know) there refusing to appear, publicly excommunicated him for conis a distinction as to the use for which they are appointed, tempt. This made such an impression upon the mind of though there is little to distinguish them externally. A Brown that he renounced, it is said, his principles of sepacrosier is the staff surmounted by a cross or a crucifix, borne ration, and having obtained absolution, he was, about the either in front of or by a primate, archbishop, or cardinal. The pastoral staff is formed exactly like the “shepherd's in Northamptonshire.

year 1592, preferred to the rectory of a church near Oundle,

According to Dr. Fuller, far crook. It has the form of a crutch, and the shape and from the sabbatarian strictness espoused by his followers he design of the hook or curved head of the staff varies accord- was rather dissolute and a libertine. “In a word,” continues ing to the century. Thus, about the 12th or 13th centuries the historian, “he had a wife with whom he never lived, we see the concave bend of the curve enriched with the a church in which he never preached, and as all the other representation of the “ Agnus Dei,” the “Annunciation,” or scenes of his life were stormy and turbulent, so was his the patron saint of the diocese, more frequently terminating end." * in a trefoil. In the previous century they are more simple. struck the constable of his parish for demanding the payment

For, being poor, and proud and passionate, he In the 14th century the curved head is crocketed. After of a rate; “and being beloved by nobody," he was sumthat period, and during the revival of classic art, the pastoral moned before Sir Rowland St. John, who committed him staff lacks its richness of design, and in France and Italy the to gaol. The decrepit old man, not being able to walk, was curved head is larger and more bowed out. Specimens of carried thither upon a feather bed in a cart, where shortly staves of various periods may be seen in the South Ken- afterwards he died, in 1630, in the 81st year of his age. The sington Museum. "The pastoral staff is the outward emblem Brownists subsequently merged in the Independents, of of episcopal authority, not of jurisdiction or mission (that whom Mr. Robinson, pastor of the church at Leyden, is being symbolized by the Archiepiscopal “pallium"): It regarded as the real founder. The Brownists considered is worn by archbishops, bishops, and by abbots ; also by the discipline of the Church of England to be Popish and Benedictine and certain other lady abbesses. The bishop's anti-Christian, and all her ordinances invalid. Their orders staff turns outwards, i.e., to the people, and represents of Church government very much resembled those of the Inexternal, the abbot's turns inwards, towards the wearer, and

dependents the present day. represents internal authority.

W. WINTERS. It is usually borne in the left hand; but in a representation of St. Swithin, figured on the seal of the community of

* Church Hist., ch. ix. 167. Alverstoke, Hants, he appears holding his pastoral staff in + See " Life and Times of Bishop Hall," by J. J. Jones.

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The Brownists were the followers of Robert Brown, a crown by the attainder of John, Earl of Oxford, and was clergyman of the Church of England, who lived about the granted by the king to Richard, Duke of Gloucester. The year 1600. He denounced the ceremonies and discipline of De Veres, Earls of Oxford, held the manor of Walsham the Church, separated himself from her communion, and Hall, in Mendham, Suffolk, from King Richard II.'s time, afterwards returned to her bosom. He is said to have been until their extinction in the male line in 1526. When King a persecuted man, of violent passions. He died in North- Henry VII., after the Battle of Bosworth Field, obtained the ampton jail in 1630, after boasting that he had been com- crown, John de Vere received from the king the estate and mitted to thirty-two prisons, in some of which he could not manor of Trimley St. Mary, Suffolk, which had been forfeited see his hand at noonday.

during former reigns. The manor of Preston Hall, Suffolk, J. C. ROGERS. also belonged to the Veres, Earls of Oxford, until King

Henry VIII.'s reign. John, Earl of Oxford, granted the Mr. Hall will find full particulars concerning the “Brown- guild of St. Peter in the 2nd year of Edward IV.'s reign, in ists” in Mosheim's “ Ècclesiastical History,” and Neal's Lavenham, Suffolk, and the hall wherein they met was in “ History of the Puritans.” Their founder, one Robert the High-street there. Other items would extend this reply Brown, first made himself conspicuous about the year 1580, to too great a length, by inveighing against the ceremonies and discipline of the

CHARLES GOLDING. Church at Norwich, for which he was committed into custody of the sheriff. He afterwards boasted that, in the course of the Elizabethan persecution of the Puritans—he had been origin of the word “sack," as used in the old writers, and

SACK AND OTHER "OLD" WINES (Vol. iii. 307).-The in no less than thirty-two prisons, in some of which he the wine to which it applies, is a matter of great dispute could not see his hand at noonday. Driven from England, I amongst antiquaries. Skinner, following Maudesto as his he and his followers took refuge in Holland, where they | guide, derives the word from “Xeque" a city of Morocco, founded several churches at Middleburgh, Amsterdam, and while there are others who derive it from the French root Leyden, but disagreeing with his friends, he ultimately re. “sech,” “sec," dry. Neither of these etymologies, how. turned to England, renounced his principles of separation, ever, are very satisfactory. Our modern sherry is believed and obtained å benefice in the Established Church. For to be the nearest representative of one kind of ancient several years before his death, it is said, he lead a very idle sack," there being several varieties of wine known by that and dissolute life. His “ sect” had but a brief existence. name. We read of “ sac,” “sherry sac,” and sweet “canary Divided amongst themselves, they soon became extinct, or sac,” which give us reason to believe that the “sack” wine more properly speaking, were merged into that of the Con. I was a sweet wine. Many people are of opinion, and, too, gregational Independents, who hold views upon Church | not without ground, that " ale” was formerly distinguished government and discipline very similar to those maintained by this name; and it is not unworthy to note that most of by the “ Brownists,” though they differ from them in certain the white wines imported from Spain were commonly called . other important particulars.

"sack." W. D. PINK.

J. P. S. THE SIN OF KISSING THE HAND (Vol. iii. 308; vol. iv. 10).-In the Rev. H. A. Holden's " Minucius Felix

ORIGIN OF THE BADGE OF THE 17TH LANCERS (Vol. ij. Octavius,” p. 48, a footnote gives the following information 319). The origin of this badge is involved in much unceron this very ancient custom :" It was a common and very tainty I send you, however, two extracts from my military old custom of expressing homage to the gods either to kiss clippings:-1. The badges of various cavalry regiments were their idol, or to kiss their hand to it; probably of oriental at all times, and as at present, merely distinguishing crests; descent (compare Job xxxi. 27 with i Kings xix. 2). That so also, it is believed, was the death's head and the words it was a prevalent mode of performing homage to the gods The probability is that, when hard pressed in some engage

or glory,” of the 17th Lancers. This, however, we doubt. among the Greeks and Romans may be seen from the subjoined passages :-Lucian de Saltat, $ 17: Grov Kal "Iv801 ment, one of the men, or sergeants, or officers, shouted the επειδαν προσεύχονται τον Ήλιον, ουχ ώσπερ ημείς την χείρα | words “Death or Glory, Boys,” to signify the renewal of the kuoartes iyoúueta erten nuwr elvai ohv euxhv. Plin., Nat. attack, and a determination to die, rather than return from Hist., lib. xxviii. 2: In adorando dextram ad osculum referi- the field otherwise than victorious. The words are most mus. Tacit., Hist., iv. 28; Apuleius, Metam., lib. iv., c. 28, racy, of Hibernian soil, and, if ever uttered, were spoken by

a son of that historic land. p. 284, ed. Hildebrand ; Cicero, in Verr., Act ii., iv. 43,

2. This badge was adopted to where the statue of Hercules is said to have, mentum paulo keep alive the recollection of the most heroic and chivalrous attritius quod in precibus ... osculari solent. See also conduct of Corporal O’Lavery, during the early American a note of Salmasius, in the Script. Hist. August., p. 440; chaste monument records at once his fame, and the gratitude

In the parish of Moira, County Down, Ireland, a Brisson, ii., de Form., p. 840.".

H, K.

of his illustrious commander and countryman, Lord Raw

don. DE VERE (Vol. iii. 319).—Your correspondent, C. Fox,

J. W. F. may like to learn the following facts of the De Vere family, chiefly supplied from Suffolk sources, and carrying the DRESSES OF THE APOSTLES (Vol. iii. 319).--In Mrs. family history back to the eleventh century, although he asks Jameson's “ Sacred and Legendary Art,” there is an exhausfor the twelfth and thirteenth centuries more especially. tive account of both the appropriate symbols and dress Alberic de Vere held the lordship of Cockfield, Suffolk, of the Apostles and other Saints, as they are delineated in before the Conquest. Roger, his younger brother, held it stained glass, and by the old masters. The Madonna is immediately after the Conquest. Abbot Anselm (abbot of invariably represented in blue, or in red and blue, the red Bury St. Edmund's, 1120 to 1148) granted the service of being symbolical of ardent charity, the blue of constancy; Roger to another, Alberic, at King Henry I.'s request. sometimes white is used to denote purity. St. Joseph'is King Henry II. gave to Bandemar du Boys the manor and usually represented in yellow and purple ; St. John in red, moiety of the hundred of Mutford, Suffolk ; at whose death St. Mary Magdalene in purple (the penitential colour), or these lands descended to Hildeburgh, his daughter, one sometimes in other colours. "Of course painters frequently of whose daughters married Henry de Vere, whose son, also cast aside conventionalities or symbolism to introduce some Henry de Vere, died without children, and King Henry III. effect or contrast in colour, so there is no iron rule with seized the said manor. During King Edward IV.'s reign, regard to the colours of the Apostles' dresses. the lordship of Aldham, Suffolk, became forfeited to the

A, D.

war.

&c., &c.

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KILBURN NUNNERY (Vol. iii. 308).—The Benedictine WAR MEDALS (Vol. iii. 293, 322).-Mr. Duncan has fallen Convent at Kilburn formed a “cell” of St. Peter's Abbey, into a slight error by stating that " no one has yet written Westminster. It was founded in 1130 by Godwyn, a hermit, on naval war medals excepting Mr. J. Harris Gibson," for and Herebert, Abbot of Westminster, but no traces or ruins we have, long prior to the publication of this gentleman's exist at the present day.

compilation, the works of Evelyn, Vertue, Pinkerton, Haw

A. D. kins, Nightingale, Nicolas, and others. A complete list of KILLICRANKIE (Vol. iv. 7).—The following is the com- only to be found in “ Medals, Clasps, and Crosses, Military

naval war medals, from Elizabeth to Victoria, is, however, mencement of a Jacobite song on the battle of Killicrankie, and Naval,” published in 1871, by Surgeon.Major Fleming. which was fought on the 17th July, 1689, between James

MILES. Graham of Claverhouse, Viscount Dundee, who commanded 3000 Highlanders, and General Mackay, commanding a force

BAPTISM (Vol. iii. 307).—The doctrine of the Catholic of from 4000 to 5000 English and Scotch. Dundee, after Church, as laid down by the Councils of Trent, and other a desperate charge on the English, while in the act of Councils, is that, in case of urgent necessity (i.e., where a extending his arm, to encourage his men forward, received a priest cannot be fetched in time), any one, even a heathen, shot in his side, through an opening in his armour, and he any man or even a woman can baptize, provided only he have dropped from horseback as he rode off the field.

the intention of performing the Sacrament and use the form “Clavers and his Highlandmen,

of words ordained by Christ (St. Matt. xxviii. 19).
Came down upon the raw, man,

The last people of all to baptize the child should be the
Who being stout, gave many a clout,

father, mother, or other near relatives.
The lads began to claw, then."

A. D. There is also another song beginning with the words :

ROBIN HOOD (Vol. iii. 319).-"A Ramble with Robin
“ Whare ha'e ye been sae braw, lad ?

Hood.”. A paper read at Nottingham, July 22, 1864, by
Whare ba’e ye been sae brankie, 0 ?

J. R. Planché, Esq., Rouge Croix, of the College of Arms.

This paper is printed in the “ Associated Architectural And farther on, significant enough of the fight :

Societies' Reports and Papers," vol. vii., pp. 157-174.
“I faught at land, I faught at sea,

W. D. SWEETING,
At hame I faught my auntie, O;
But I met the devil and Dundee,

On the braes o' Killicrankie, 0."
This song finishes with a neat specimen of northern

Miscellanea.
sarcasm ; in allusion to some who ran away :--
“Its nae shame, its nae shame,

ST. MARY'S CHURCH, CASTLEGATE, YORK. - This
It's nae shame to shank ye, 0;

venerable edifice which has been so happily rescued from
There's sour slaes on Athol braes,
And deils at Killicrankie, 0."

ruin, and restored to its pristine beauty, is now perhaps the But see a scarce little book called Jacobite Minstrelsy; In ancient writings it is styled * Ecclesia Sancte Marie ad

most complete and well arranged parish church in York. with notes containing historical details in relation to the portam castri.” It is of very early foundation, and is menhouse of Stuart, from 1640 to 1784.”—12mo. Glasgow, tioned thus in Doomsday Book," Wil de Perci hath the Printed for Richard Griffin & Co., 1829. If these are the songs ř. MCKENNA enquires for and he ancient Rectory of Medieties belonging to the Earls of

church of S. Mary.” Drake, the historian, says that it is an cannot meet with them in print, I shall be most happy to Northumberland and the Priory of Kirkham, till both were send him MS. copies.

consolidated into one rectory, about A.D. 1400. The Earls NUMMUS.

of Northumberland presented until 1586; since which time EASTER Eggs (Vol. iii. 292).-Being one of the most the patronage came to the Crown, and is now vested in the beautiful and clearest types of the resurrection of the body, Archbishop of York. During the progress of the work a the egg was early chosen to symbolize that doctrine. Hence stone was found in the east wall, supposed to be comthe custom in Christian countries of eggs being solemnly memorative of the dedication of the ancient church; the blessed and distributed among the faithful at Easter, and of inscription on which has afforded much speculation and their being interchanged among friends.

conjecture amongst archæologists and antiquaries. This A. D. valuable relic is carefully preserved in a case, placed on a

pier on the north side of the chancel aisle. This rectory is The custom unquestionably originated in the East, and a valued in the king's books at 21. 8s. 64d. There is a pen. pagan practice became in early Christian times an emblem Sion of 55. 3d. formerly payable to the treasurer of the of the resurrection. We know that Druidism had many church ; and a similar one to the Abbey of S. Mary's. oriental features, and the period of egg presentation may Synodals, 35. Procurations, 6s. 8d. In 1761, the rectory very probably have obtained amongst these peculiar people; was augmented by the Governors of Queen Anne's Bounty, but that the custom really originated with them is—and I with 2001. by lot; in 1774 with 2001. to meet a benefaction think likely to remain-an open question. In my.“ Easter of 2001. from Peter Johnson, Esq., and in 1814, with 1000l. Eggs” (2nd edition) I have done my best to elucidate this by lot from the Parliamentary grant. The register books interesting usage.

commence in the year 1604. W. H. CREMER, Jun.

SILBURY HILL.-Archæologists will be interested in MUGGLETONIANS (Vol. iii. 319).—Those persons dis- learning that Sir John Lubbock has lately bought Silbury tinguished by this title were followers of a journeyman Hill, the grandest tumulus in Great Britain, if not in Europe. tailor, named Ludovick Muggleton, who attracted some attention as a prophet during the Commonwealth. He DISCOVERY OF HUMAN REMAINS AT FURNESS.-Some

a companion of Reeves, another so-called prophet, workmen, whilst recently engaged in removing the earth of “ equal obscurity.” These two individuals pretended to from the limestone which exists at the Butts, Dalton, near absolve or condemn whom they pleased, stating that they Furness Abbey, came upon a large square block of stone. were the two last witnesses spok of in the Revelation, On the removal of this a vault or grave, about six feet lon who were to appear at the eve of the final destruction of four wide, and rather more in depth, was discovered, conthe world,

taining human bones, bones of some animal, probably a W. WINTERS. | horse, and a bronze pike-head and double-edged sword.' A

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large slab of 'stone completely covering one side of the vault but he should not object to ascend with the small engine of having been removed, revealed a small semicircular-shaped 1-horse power which was now exhibited, for the purpose of crevice, but it was too late to admit of its then being ex- effecting ascent and descent without loss of gas or ballast. plored.

He would, however, take care that the gas did not escape

from the bottom of the balloon. He congratulated the CHEAPSIDE Cross.-Cheapside Cross, one of the nine members that now everything seemed possible with respect crosses erected by Edward I., that soldier king, to mark the

to success in the object which they had in view. A comresting-places of the body of his beloved queen, Eleanor of munication from Mr. F. D. Artingstall, of Manchester, upon Castile, on its way from Lincoln to Westminster Abbey, the hovering of birds, was read by the hon. secretary, stood in the middle of the road, facing Wood Street. It and a paper upon Aëroplanes,” by Mr. D. S. Brown. was built in 1290 by Master Michael, a mason of Canterbury. This was illustrated by a profusion of models and apparatus, From an old painting at Crowday, in Sussex, representing and by one in particular which few horizontally for a few the procession of Edward VI. from the Tower to West, feet, whereupon Mr. Bennett, from Oxford, liberated a minster, we gather that the cross was both stately and model which few deliberately and successfully for as many graceful

. It consisted of three octangular compartments, yards with very pretty effect. Mr. Moy then explained each supported by eight slender columns. The basement that the engine there exhibited, about which so much had story was probably 20 feet high; the second, 10: the third, been said, was originally designed for the aërial machine, 6. In the first niche stood the effigy of probably a contem- which he had invented. As exemplified by the models which poraneous pope ; round the base of the second were four had flown when liberated, there seems no reason to doubt apostles, each with a nimbus round his head; and above that a superior effect may be attained when the angle of them sat the Virgin with the infant Jesus in her arms. The inclination of the machine and the motive power are under highest niche was occupied by four standing figures, while man's control. crowning all rose a cross surmounted by the emblematic dove. The whole was rich with highly-finished ornament.- THE METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY.-At the annual general From Cassell's Old and New London.

meeting of this society, held on the 18th ult., the following TYNDALE, THE REFORMER.—We understand that a vol. gentlemen were elected the officers and council for the

ensuing year - Robert James Mann, M.D., F.R.A.S., ume of very great interest has recently been acquired for the President; Arthur Brewin, F.R.A.S., George Dines, Henry library of the British Museum, namely, one of the rarest

Storks Eaton, M.A., Lieut.-Col. Alexander Strange, F.R.S., works of Tyndale, the great reformer, and first translator of Vice-Presidents ; Henry Perigal, F.R.A.S., Treasurer; Sir the New Testament into modern English. It is entitled Antonio Brady, F.G.S., Stephen William Silver, F.R.G.S., “The Exposition of the Fyrste Epistle of Seynt Jhon, with Trustees; George James Symons, John W. Tripe, M.D., a prologge before it : by W. T.”

Secretaries ; Robert H. Scott, M.A., F.R.S., E.G.S., Foreign
Secretary ; Charles Brooke, M.A., F.R.S., F.R.C.S.,

Charles O. F. Cator, M.A., Rogers Field, B.A., Assoc.
Proceedings of Societies.

Inst. C.E., Frederic Gaster, James Glaisher, F.R.S, John

Knox Laughton, M.A., F.R.A.S., William Carpenter Nash, ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON,--At a recent meet

Thomas Sopwith, M.A., F.R.S.,M. Inst. C.E., Rev. Fenwick ing of this society (Professor Newton, F.R.S., Vice-Presi- W. Stow, M.A., Capt. Henry Toynbee, F.R.A.S., Charles dent, in the chair), the Marquis of Bristol, the Hon. Osbert F.R.A.S., Assoc. Inst. C.E., Council,

Vincent Walker, F.R.S., E. O. Wildman Whitehouse, Craven, Admiral Windham Hornby, Colonel K. Betty, Lieutenant-Colonel E. Hunt, Captain C. Davey, Captain LIVERPOOL NUMISMATIC SOCIETY.-The eleventh meet. G. F. Heyworth, Mrs. Gladstone, Mrs. De la Rue, and ing (Sess. iii.) of this society was held on the ist inst. The Messrs. F.'Green, J. Measure, J. Pearson, T. Kark, B. M. president, Mr. Edward Leighton, occupied the chair. Mr. Smith, W. Hale, H. L. S. Wilson, James O. Wulff, T. D. Selke's paper on “Continental Mint Marks Bayly, C. Croft, C. R. Barclay, L. D. Powles, H. Edlmann, voidably postponed. The hon. sec. exhibited a J. H. Hortin, W. Banks, G. A. Fenwick, J. Hoole, A Prussian thaler, struck in commemoration of the late Gibbs, A. M'Kay, A. Nicols, S. Nicholson, F. P. Alliston, Franco-Prussian War. Obv., Head of the Emperor and G. S. Clement were elected Fellows. Twenty-seven William, usual titles; rev., a figure of “ Germania.” candidates for the Fellowship were proposed, and ordered Legend : SIEGES THALER, ex :-1871.

Mr. H. Ecroyd to be balloted for at the next meeting of the society. Smith showed a small silver annular brooch, recently found Among the additions to the society's menagerie during the on the Meols sea-beach, Cheshire, both sides being indented month of May were especially noticed an example of the with fourteenth century letters, reading," IHESVS NAZARENYS new Chinese water-deer (Hydropotes inermis), presented to REX. IVDEO," size two-and-a-half scale of mionnet. The the society by Mr. R. Swinhoe, F.Z.S., Her Britannic president, in a short address, referred to the third annual Majesty's Consul at Chefoo, North China, and two Cretan report of the Deputy Master of the Mint, on "The Coinage ibexes (Capra picta), presented by Mr. Thomas B. Sand- of 1872." On the hon. secretary's announcement that the with, Her Britannic Majesty's Consul in Crete.

second part of the society's Transactions would shortly AERONAUTICAL SOCIETY OF GREAT BRITAIN.—A geney appear, the meeting terminated. The next meeting will be ral meeting of members of this society was held at the Societ

held on the end of September. of Arts on the 30th ult., under the presidency of Mr. Jam e SURREY ARCHÆOLOGICAL SOCIETY.-At a meeting of Glaisher, F.R.S. In reporting progress during the pas this society held on the 9th inst., the following places were year Mr. Glaisher alluded to M. Dupuy de Lome's attempt visited :-(1.) Carshalton Church. The architecture and at balloon propulsion in Paris, and to the late design in design of this was described by Thomas Milbourn, Esq., Vienna to propel a balloon by means of a gas engine, aban- and John Green Waller, Esq., offered some remarks on the doned, however, for some unknown reason. The Australian monuments and brasses. (2.) Merton Church. The history Aëronautical Society had now ordered a 4-horse power of Merton Abbey was given by Major Heales, F.S.A., and engine of Messrs. Moy and Shell, who had contracted the architectural features and characteristics of the church through this society's' honorary secretary, Mr. F. w. were described by Ralph Nevill, Esq., A.R.I.B.A. The Brearey, to deliver it within three months, under the weight, intrenchment on Wimbledon Common, popularly known all inclusive, of 40lb. This was intended for a cigar-shaped as “Cæsar's Camp,” was then visited, and a paper on its balloon, now manufacturing at a cost of 1200l. Of balloon history and design was read by Robert A. Godwin-Austen, propulsion he had not much to say in a favourable sense, ) Esq., F.R.S.

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