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of your


sentences of strange sound in modern ears. The following "CÆSAR'S FAREWELL TO BRITAIN.”—In the Antiquary, samples may suffice :

Vol. iii., p. 315, is an account of Cæsar's landing in England * That none of your sisters use the alehouse, nor the which brought to my mind a short poem which I read some water-side, where course of strangers daily resorte.

years since, entitled "Cæsar's Farewell to Britain,” which “That the Priorisse license none your sisters to go pilgri

I have vainly endeavoured to meet with since. Can any one mage, or visit their frende without great cause ; and then supply me with the lines, or tell me where they are to be

? such a sister, so licentiate by you, to have with her oon of

HURL DE GOLEER. the most sad and well-disposed sisters till she come home again. This priory was valued at 731. gs. iod. net.”

CRANMER AND ALLEYNE.-Can any correspondent inIs the above quotation from the “injunctions” authentic? form me how the Alleynes (originally from Tideswell, co. It certainly contradicts all our commonly-received notions Derby) are connected with Archbishop Cranmer. Some of nunneries, to suppose that their inmates were in the Alleynes, who were located at Nottingham at the beginning habit of frequenting alehouses.

of the present century, and descended from the Tideswell J. ROBERTS. Alleynes, and more recently from two rectors of Lough

borough (father and son), claimed the Archbishop as their TAPPIT-HEN.-I should feel much obliged if any

ancestor. I believe that Cranmer's Bible was in their posreaders could tell me the origin of the word Tappit-hen. It

session. is used by Sir Walter Scott, and many other Scotch writers,

F. to denote a large bottle holding about a gallon. This is the explanation given by Jamieson in his Scottish Dic AUTHOR WANTED.-Can any of your readers inform me tionary—“A cant phrase denoting a tin measure containing by whom the following lines were written, and where they a quart, so called from the knob on the lid, as supposed to can be foundresemble a crested hen.” Mr. Shaw, discussing old drink

" The only moon I see, Biddy, ing customs in his “Wine, the Vine, and the Cellar,” suggests

Is one small star asthore; that it is derived from the word cuppetin— the small barrel

And that's fornenst the very cloud which French vivandieres carry. As both of these explana

It was behint before."

R. RENTWL. tions appear far-fetched and improbable, I venture to appeal to the readers of the Antiquary.

A SHAKESPEARE HOUSE.- In the course of last month a

H. friend wrote to me,"Coming down Aldersgate-street this OLD INSCRIPTION.—The lines given below are carved morning, I saw a house, No. 234, left hand side, going from over a doorway at Dunderawe, or Dunderrow, Castle, on the General Post Office, on which house was a large board

with banks of Loch Fyne, in Argyleshire, the last seat in Scotland of the ancient family of MacNaughten. I shall feel obliged by any readings that your subscribers may suggest. “ Hiestes would appear to mean the ancients. The present motto of the family is I hope in God.



All above the ground floor, which is converted into a shop,

seemed in keeping with such an assertion. You probably QUAINT SAYING, "SAVED HIS BACON.”-On page Knowing nothing about this, may I ask the assisting guesses

know all about this, but, if not, it may interest you." 61 of the August part of the Antiquary I find in a of the readers of the Antiquary. It strikes me as probable quotation of some verses " upon the burning of Dr. Sache- that the people of the house have, some time or other, converell's sermons, that seven of the bishops are said to founded Shakespeare with Milton. We read of the latter:have “ saved their bacon.” I have frequently used and heard others use this expression, and was under the im

“ He made no long stay in St. Bride's Church Yard; necespression it was a modern slang phrase. If I am in error I sity of having a place to dispose his books in, and other should be obliged by an explanation of the origin, and goods fit for the furnishing of a good handsome house, hasmeaning of the saying.

tening him to take one; and accordingly a pretty garden

house he took in Aldersgate-street, at the end of an entry; E. J. PAIN.

and therefore the fitter for his home, by the reason of the THE FAMILY OF HOOPER.-Can any reader inform me privacy, besides that there are few streeis in London more whether there is any existing pedigree of John Hooper, free from noise than that.”—Phillips's “Life of Milton," Bishop of Gloucester and Worcester, who died in 1554, or of 12mo, 1694, p. xx. I have never met with a statement on record George Hooper, Bishop of Bath and Wells, who died in connecting Shakespeare with the locality in question. If my 1727; and also whether any of their descendants are still supposition of the confounding of the two great Poets be living. I should be glad of any information about their correct, of course it implies utter ignorance or oblivion of families or descendants ?

dates in the putters-up of the board. J. H. H.

J. W. DALBY. AUTHOR WANTED.-- In a recent visit to the British

ANCIENT LAW COURTS.–Will some of your corres. Museum, I had occasion to examine John Taylor's curious pondents kindly inform me at what period the following volume, entitled “ The World Runnes on Wheeles ; or

courts were established, and what were the peculiar functions Odds betwixt Carts and Coaches," with the expectation of of each : the Star Chamber, the Court of Requests, the finding the lines following, but without success :

Court of Wards, and the Court of Augmentations ? Canvaches, coaches, jades and Flanders mares,

Doe rob us of our shares, our wares, our fares:

BEAUMONT FAMILY.-Has any history of the Bellomonte
Against the ground we stand and knock our heeles,
Whilest all our profit runs away on wheeles," &c.

or Beaumont family ever been published ? If not, where

can I find biographical accounts of some of its most distin. They possess a Taylorish look; can they be found in any guished members? Also, has any history of the Despensers other work of his ?

ever appeared ? E, M. STRATTON.




such a publication as the Antiquary in bringing things hidden, to light.

GETE. CAPTAIN LENCH (Vol. iv. 77). -Captain Lench, who took the part of the king, was of Rouse Lench, in Worcestershire. His father was the chief supporter of Cromwell, in which the Tyburn gallows was erected is now occupied by

THE GALLOWS AT TYBURN (Vol. iv. 119).—The spot on that county. Baxter wrote his “Saints' Rest” under the the house No. 49, Connaught-square, a fact which is shelter of Řouse Lench. He was disinherited by his father especially mentioned in the lease granted by the Bishop of on account of his marriage, or politics, or both. His great, London, as “Tyburnia” belongs to that see. Executions granddaughter, Sarah Mott, bom 1701, died 1774, married took place here as early as the reign of Henry IV., 1399-1413. Blackdown, near Leamington, and of Studley Martin, of Liver. Tyburn-road is the modern Oxford-street. Pennant (who pool. The spur was lent a few years ago to an Exhibition died 1798), remembered this street as "a deep hollow road at Peterborough, chiefly of objects connected

with the time and full of sloughs, with here and there a ragged house, the of Cromwell, and more recently to be engraved for Sir lurking place of cut-throats.' Sibbald Scott's work on " Ancient Armour," as an authentic

R. E, WAY. specimen of a spur of the date of the battle of Worcester. The gloves are beautifully embroidered, but the apparent The situation of it was established by several articles in perforations are only part of the pattern. A pillow-case of Notes and Queries, 4 s. xi. 98, 140, 164, 206, 347, to which I fine lace which had belonged to Captain Lench, was in the would refer T. Fraser. possession of the late Mr. Thomas Martin, but was stolen

SAMUEL SHAW. from him early in the present century.

Any particulars respecting the Lench family would be “ LEIGH HUNT WAS NOT A SWEET-PEA KIND OF MAN" most acceptable to

(Vol. iv. 66).- I do not know the source of the remark. But STUDLEY MARTIN. this I know, that of the three quotations published in the

papers at the time, the worst was chosen. Mr. Mayers's line BISHOP OSMOND (Vol. iv, 120, 132).—This bishop was the is of the sweet-pea order.” Leigh Hunt was better than a

He never sank so low as that. Conqueror's second chancellor. Spelman and Dugdale leave lover of his fellow men, the year of his appointment uncertain. Campbell, in the

G. J. H. “ Lives of the Lord Chancellors of England" (Vol. i. p. 42), informs us that “we might never have been informed of his

NEW SURNAME (Vol. iv. 77, 111, 122, 133).—As to Cutler having filled this office, had it not been that in 1078 he was Sheepshanks, I ought to have mentioned that the story is promoted to the bishoprick of Sarum, and we śnd some told of the first of the name in Yorkshire. It was related to account of him in the annals of that see. He was, of course, me as truth by a friend now dead, and I will do my best to a Norman, for now, and long after, no Saxon was promoted verify it when opportunity next offers. Still, Bilbo should to any office, civil, military, or ecclesiastical. Having come have some facts to go upon before he so discourteously over with William and fought for him in the field, he was rejects the statement of a fellow-correspondent. first made Earl of Dorset-and now being girt with a sword,

SENNACHERIB. while he held the Great Seal in one hand, a crosier was put FAMILY OF BIRD (Vol. iv. 55).--I have not at present into the other.

been able to learn anything of the family of Bird, about 1760. s Of Osmond's conduct in his office of chancellor, few There was a family named Bird residing here about 1790. particulars are transmitted to us; but he is said to have been the father was a medical man, and I am informed did not much in the confidence of the Conqueror, who consulted come to Tamworth till about the above date. The family him about all the most arduous and secret affairs of state, as were residing here until about twenty years ago. well as confiding to him the superintendence of the adminis.


ROBERT. W. NEVILL. tration of justice. William of Malmesbury is the chief panegyrist, celebrating his chastity, his disinterestedness, his AUTHOR WANTED (Vol, iv. 120).—The lines quoted by deep learning, and above all his love of sacred music, your correspondent are Campbell's, and they are in his representing as the only shade on his character his great beautiful poem, entitled “Hallowed Ground.” severity to penitents, which was caused by his own im

FREDERICK RULE. maculate life. After his elevation to the episcopal dignity, he devoted himself entirely to his sacredotal duties." He THE EGLINTON TOURNAMENT (Vol. iv. 54).—The Baron wrote the “History of the Life and Miracles of Alden, Hylton who fought at the Battle of Cressy (1346) was a Saxon Saint," the first Bishop of Sherborne. He also Alexander de Hilton, summoned to Parliament 6-9 Edward composed the service “Secundum usum Sarum,” which III., 1332-1335, ob. 1361. was held in great repute till the time of the Reforma

H, tion,


Miscellanea. NELL GWYNNE (Vol. iii. 359; iv. 45, 97).---My attention has been called to the circumstance that a portrait of Peter DISCOVERY IN SWITZERLAND.-For a long time antiCunningham appeared in the Illustrated London News of quaries have been of the opinion that the weapons and im. February 23, 1856. It was, however, from a photograph plements of bronze which have been found in Switzerland furnished by Cundall, of Bond-street, and the family had have been manufactured not in that country, but beyond the forgotten the circumstance.

Alps, and that they had been obtained thence by the Hel. W. R. COOPER. vetians in the way of trade. Latterly, however, a few more

have been discovered in France and Germany, and very The Illustrated London News points out that in the recently Dr. Gros, of Neuville, has made a highly impornumber for 23rd February, 1856, there is a wood engraved tant discovery in the course of researches at the lake station portrait of Mr. Peter Cunningham, which must be the only of Meyringen, a site remarkable for the quantity and the one extant, as Mrs. Cunningham states that no portrait of her excellent condition of bronzes which have been found there. husband was ever engraved or published. This is both a Here the doctor has unearthed sundry highly interesting commentary on the value of evidence, and also on the use of I things, among which are crucible beds, channels for the

overflowing metal and other matters, giving evidence that a aspect, suited to its ancient descent and its great value. It foundry had existed on the spot; besides a large number of is four inches in diameter and half an inch thick, and its disc moulds for the castings. It appears that the moulds are is covered with cabalistic-looking characters, some being bits formed of an argillaceous clay, or of a soft steatitic rock. of Persian poetry, and others more prosaic, setting forth its The steatite seems to have been employed for moulds for date. It belongs to the reign of Aurungzebe, and bears date pins, knives, sickles, and such other implements as have a 1083 of the Mohammedan era, which is about 1671 of ours. uniform surface; while the argil has been used for such One wonders in how many hands, great, noble, and famous, things as were embossed or furnished with sockets, such as the old coin has been since that date was first graven on its grooved bracelets, chisels, hatchets, &c. The argillaceous golden face. It looks very fresh and new in spite of its 200 moulds are of two kinds, the one comprising those which years, and it is not likely to have been much knocked about were in one piece and had to be destroyed in order to take the world, as 1600 rupees is not a sum which changes hands out the casting, and the other those which are in pieces, every day.” and can be taken asunder and again put together for use. Ancient MONUMENT IN PETERBOROUGH CATHEDRAL. Some of this latter sort are composed of steatite. One of the - This relic, of which we give an illustration below, is moulds of the first-named kind, 8 inches in length, is for a considered to be one of the oldest Christian monuments socket chisel, similar to those now in use; another, 9f inches now extant in England, and has twelve figures carved upon it, in length, is for a knife with a socket. Among those of the six on each side. They are supposed by some persons to second kind is one of a hatchet, which is incomplete, as well represent the monks of Medeshamstede (Peterborough) who as one of a hammer with a socket, which is perfect. The were murdered by the Danes, in 870; but Mr. Bloxham, in steatite moulds are more numerous than those in clay, but

a paper read before the Archäological Society at Peterare not so well preserved; of some only fragments remain, borough, denied the authenticity of the statement.

He con

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and of others the design has been nearly worn away by the sidered that the figures are not martyred monks with their water in which it bas lain for so long a period; some are, abbot, but Christ and his eleven disciples, however, in good condition, and among them are-a mould ST. BARTHOLOMEW'S CHAPEL, CHATHAM. - More disfor a knife, formed of two slabs of steatite 93. inches in coveries of great interest have been made in this Norman length, 4 inches in breadth, 24 inches in thickness--the two edifice, or rather in the Norman part of it. Two Norman halves of this mould agree perfectly, and each has at the windows, which had been long closed up, have been disside a groove which was evidently the mould for a pin; a covered in the north transept by the Mayor of Rochester mould for a sickle, also perfect, in one semicircular slab- (Mr. C. R. Foord). He found the original splaying of the for this implement it was only needful to have one surface windows, with the red lines of the early painting clearly to smooth, and one slab forming half of the mould for a lance. be seen. It has been found that in Rochester Cathedral Lastly, Dr. Gros mentions a crucible of burned clay, which work exists similar to that discovered in the chapel-carved, had evidently been much used, 7 inches in height and 5 probably, by the same Norman hand. By the research of inches in diameter at the widest part; the top is covered, the chaplain (the Rev. J. G. Bailey) and others, fresh disand at one side near the top is a circular hole for pouring coveries of interest continue to be made at the chapel. It is out the metal, two smaller holes being pierced on the sides hoped that the trustees of St. Bartholomew's Hospital at for suspending the crucible.

Rochester, to whom the chapel belongs, will do all they can A GRAND COIN.- The Benares correspondent of the to preserve and restore the ancient parts of the building. Mussoorie Season writes :—“I have just seen a curiosity of ASSYRIAN DISCOVERIES.—The Daily Telegraph anthe olden time, which, as a relic of the palmy days of Ind, Inounces that the curious remains discovered by Mr. George must describe to your readers. It is a hundred-mohur piece, Smith in Assyria will shortly arrive in London. One of a veritable gold coin worth 16oors., of a grand and stately these is a mythological tablet, on which the amorous adven

tures of the goddess Ishtar, the Assyrian Venus, are recorded. resting old archives of the corporation and guilds of the city. The goddess, it appears, was originally married to a deity These old documents included a charter of Henry II., dated called the Son of Life, but she quarrelled with her husband 1162 (the oldest extant), confirming to the citizens of York and entered on a series of discreditable amours. She has " all their liberties, laws, and customs, their merchandise, the fatal power of bringing misfortune on all whom she fleet, lands, and houses, in England and Normandy, and loves : one object of her passion is changed into an animal other lastages throughout all the coasts of the sea.” Another and torn to pieces by his own dogs, and others are treated quaint charter, granted by Richard I., in 1189, confirms to with similar cruelty when the tickle goddess is tired of them, the citizens of York “acquittance of toll, lastage, wreck, Only Izdubar, the great Assyrian ruler, has courage to resist pontage, passage, trespass, and customs, throughout Eng. her tempting charms, and like Adonis declines the invitations land and Norinandy," &c. Amongst the remaining curi. of the goddess, whereat in a rage she returns to her celestial usities were impressions of the Corporation seals, the kingdom, and, we may hope, becomes reconciled with her earliest register of admission to the freedom of the city husband, the Son of Life,

(commencing in 1272), a list of the Mayors and Bailiffs of THE LADY OAK, CRESSAGE.-- Near the village of Cress. York from the same date, also an illuminated parchment age is a very old tree, known as the “ Lady Oak.” Tradi-|(dated 1382) signed by Richard II., and graciously granting tion says that under its branches, in Saxon tiines, missionaries “ a general pardon to the citizens of York.” preached Christianity to our Pagan forefathers. Its age is The next place of interest visited was the Minster. At unknown, but it is doubtless very great. The trunk is hollow the west door of this noble structure they were received by and much shattered, having been injured by fires lighted in the Ven. Archdeacon Basil Jones and the Rev. Canon Hey. it by gipsies. It has, however, been bound and propped, The nave was first inspected, then the north transept, the and a young one is growing up in the middle;. At Cressage chapter house, presbytery, choir, and crypt. Upon all

. The word Cress- of these features many interesting facts were stated in the age is a corruption of this name.-Oswestry Advertiser. programme, including the following chronological table of

the history of York Cathedral :-Saxon church, begun by Proceedings of Societies. King Edwin, A.D., 633 ; Saxon church, repaired by Wilfrid,

699; Norman nave, transepts, &c., by Archbishop Thomas, YORKSHIRE ARCHÆOLOGICAL AND TOPOGRAPHICAL 1080; choir and crypts, by Archbishop Roger, 1154-1181; ASSOCIATION. — The seventh annual excursion of this south transept, 1230-1241 ; north transept, 1241-1260; nave association took place on Wednesday, the 3rd inst., at (except west front), 1291-1324; chapter house, 1320; west York, the Council having invited the members and friends front of nave, 1328; wooden vault of nave, 1354 ; presbyof the association to join them in paying a first visit to the tery, 1361-1370; choir, 1380-1400; lanthorne tower, 1400antiquities of this city.

1418-1423; south-west bell tower, 1433-1447; north-west Amongst those who were present at this gathering were bell tower, 1470-1474. Principal monuments of Archhis Grace the Archbishop of York; Edward Hailstone, bishops :-Archbishop Gray, died 1255; Archbishop GreenF.S.A., Walton Hall, Wakefield ; Sir James Meek, Ven. field, died 1315; Archbishop Bowet, died 1423 (the Archdeacon Jones, the Rev. Canon Hey, the Rev. Canon monument was erected before 1415); and Archbishop Raine, the Rev. Josh. T. Fowler, F.S.A., Josh. Fowler, Savage, died 1507. In addition to these details, the proWinterton ; J. T. Micklethwaite, F.S.A., the Rev. Geo, gramme contained five excellent block plans, prepared in Orosby, F.S.A., Jas. Fowler, F.S.A., A. W. Morant, 1846 by the Rev. Professor Willis to illustrate his paper on F.S.A., T. Wilson, Edmund Wilson, Leeds; C. Macro the architectural history of the cathedral. These plans clearly Wilson, W. Bragge, F.S.A., the Town Clerk of York, indicated the various additions made from time to time to H. S. Harland, Brompton; John Guest, Rotherham ; the great edifice, which now forms an ecclesiastical monuW. Fowler Stephenson, Ripon; J: B. Kendall, M. B. ment of surpassing grandeur and interest. Archdeacon Heath, Frederick Greenwood, Huddersfield ; G. W. Tom-Jones favoured the excursionists with a variety of verbal linson, T. B. Oldfield, A. Mackie, Wakefield ; J. S. Stott, explanations as to the successive restorations and extensions, and S. T. Rigge, Halifax; J. Travis Clay, Rastrick ; the which different parts of the Minster have undergone during Rev. William Fowler, Liversedge; Isaac Crawhall; the past centuries. Rev. Septimus Crawhall, E. Birchall, Leeds; S. J. Chad After luncheon the archæologists proceeded to the wick, Dewsbury ; John Hirst, jun., Dobcross; J. M. Leak, Museum Gardens, where they had an opportunity of inHemsworth; W. Pickard, Wakefield; Mr. Walker, Mal- specting the well stocked and admirably arranged museum ton ; R. Armitage, Scarboro'; - Janeway, London; G. W. of the Yorkshire Philosophical Society. They next visited Rhodes, Dr. Scott, Huddersfield ; the Rev. George B. the remains of the multangular tower and part of the walls Mellor, Hull; J. Haigh, of Dedmanstone; the Rev. J. E. of the Roman period, part of the subsequent city walls, St. Aspinall

, M.A., and many others, amongst whom were Mary's Abbey, and St. Leonard's Hospital. The party, several ladies from various parts of the county.

presided over by the archbishop, then assembled in the The excursionists, who numbered nearly 200, on arriving lecture hall of the museum, when Canon Rainc read a paper at York, assembled in the Guildhall, where they were on the “ History of St. Mary's Abbey,” which entered with received by Alderman Sir James Meek in the unavoidable much ability and minuteness of research into the historical absence of the Lord Mayor. Sir James, after welcoming circumstances bearing upon its earlier history. the visitors to York, remarked that they had much pleasure

After the usual votes of thanks, the proceedings for the in recognizing the enlightened spirit of research which had characterised the proceedings of the association. Referring

day concluded. to the extremely ancient history of York, he remarked that

BEDFORDSHIRE ARCHÆOLOGICAL SOCIETY,- This so. in the dim twilight of far antiquity, when the curtain of ciety has just made its annual excursion, St. Alban's history arose, York was a seat of empire, and tradition being the chosen locality. The company first paid a visit to pointed to a long line of antecedent dynasty. Two Roman St. Peter's Church, the most prominent features of which Emperors had ended their days in the city, and the great were pointed out to them by the rector. They afterwards Constantine first assumed here the imperial purple.

drove to Barnard's Heath, the reputed scene of the "second A paper by Mr. Davies on the “Guildhall,” was then battle of St. Alban’s,” and on their return inspected the old read by the secretary of the association.

clock tower, standing in the main street, which dates from The party then proceeded to the Mansion House, where early in the fifteenth century. The venerable Abbey they were received by the Lady Mayoress. They inspected Church, and also the churches of St. Michael and $t. the several apartments of interest, and also some very inte- | Stephen, were also visited.


Notices of Books:

Auswers to Correspondents.

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of expression makes him somewhat blind to, or oblivious of lyri requirements; therefore we shrink from his unmelodious extremes

while recognizing the thinker and the intellectual pioneer in him. Notes on Beds and Bedding. Historical and Anecdotical. By He may be called pre-Raphaelite in music, labouring to bring greater James Blyth. London: Simpkin, Marshall & Co. 1873.

sincerity and earnestness into musical art as it at present caists.

From this point of view may bis defects be borne with... Some An entertaining little book for an idle hour. The author has beauties and excellences his works certainly possess, and his dissummed up a considerable number of facts relating to his theme, and ciples and successors may further, and perhaps more happily, engage of which, perhaps, only a vague idea is generally possessed. The in the solution of the enigma offered by the divergencies

and differensubject is treated under the headings of beds ancient, beds mediaval, tiations between musical form and dramatic realism. and beds modern. Alluding to the variety of uses to which bed coverings may be applied, Mr. Blyth tells a story of a traveller in Ireland, who was struck with some peculiarity in the cloth which was spread upon his table at dinner in a roadside inn. On retiring to bed, he found that it was made to serve him as a quilt. Next morning it honoured him with its presence at breakfast. “And when his landlady kindly accompanied him for a short distance as a guide, she wrapt it around her comely person to shield her from the cold.

D.P.--Mrs. Regina Maria Roch, authoregs of the “Children of A graphic description is given of some of the luxurious and magnifi- the Abbey," was the daughter of Colonel D'Alton, and wife of cent beds of the middle ages, and among other facetive we find a

Ambrose Roch, Esq., grandson of James Roch, of Glyn Castle, near ludicrous royal order (promulgated, however, in all stateliness and Carrick-on-Suir, Ireland. importance) for the making of the bed of Henry VII. The rich and elaborate counterpanes of the royalty and aristocracy, of old may

S. R:- You will find the pedigree of the family you enquire about well strike astonishment into the beholder; but this will cease when in Burke's “Royal Descents. it is remembered that in former times, as the author says, 7. A. D.-See Brayley's and Britton's History of Surrey, by Dr. bedchamber played a much more important part in court life than it Mantell (1848); Brayley's Topographical History of Surrey (1841); does now-a-days." French kings and queens were in the habit of and Camden's curious old description of “Suth-rey," or "Surrey, its holding levées in their bedchambers. Even now, on the Continent, Early History, Antiquity,” &c. (1610-37). sleeping apartments are frequently used as reception rooms, and are elegantly decked out for such occasions. Our insular habits have T. Paget.-Sir Daniel K. Sandford, some time M.P. for Paisley,

died in 1838. long since banished such a custom from among us, if indeed it ever obtained in the degree customary abroad.

L. A. (Dover) - Why not communicate with the authorities at the

local museum ? Poenis. By Wraxall Hall. London : Chapman & Hall.

F. R. S.-You will find all the information you require in the This volume of verse discloses not alone earnestness, and a thought. "Shilling Knightage," published by Mr. Hardwicke, of Piccadilly. ful, and imaginative mind, but these excellent qualities are supple. mented by the much rarer ones of original poctic expression, which F. S. A.–The building of the British Museum was commenced in occasionally develops itself in instances of rare and singular beauty. 1823 by Sir R. Smirke, and completed by his brother, Sydney Smirke, The various religious and intellectual tendencies of the age are dwelt in 1854. upon with evident preference; but there is also some pretty“ nature

X-The picture you allude to was painted by Francis Hayman, one painting," as well as the more abstruse reflections upon abstract of the first members of the Royal Academy. questions. Altogether these poems are far above the average, and deserve to be more widely known than appears to be the case. Many H.A.R.-A biography of Admiral John Jervis, Earl St. Vincent, passages recall the impassioned utterance of Mrs. Browning, while was written by Captain Brenton. exhibiting that peculiar fusion of spirit and sense which is the proof of the special aptitude indispensable for creative efforts of the mind, was the author of the play you name.

A. Milner.-Arthur Murphy, a native of Roscommon, in Ireland, and which finds countertypes in the highest manifestations of art, whether of tone or form. In a later edition the volume might, how T. H. (Acton).—The arms of Birkenhead are-Quarterly, gu. and or, ever, be advantageously compressed.

a crozier in pale arg: ; in the first quarter a lion passant arg.

R. Smythe. --The pedigree of the family you enquire about is fully

set forth in Burke's Landed Gentry.” MUSICAL PUBLICATIONS.

Heraldicus.-The fee is 55. Guinevere. Song. Words by Lionel H. Lewin. Composed by claimed to have become the rightful 6th Earl of Newburgh on the

T. Richards.--The late Mr. George Goodwin, of Bradwell and Hope, Arthur S. Sullivan. J. B. Cramer & Co.

death of his cousin Anthony James Radclyffe, 5th Earl, in 1814, This is one of the songs that excite the wonder of the critic, grandson of Charles Radclyffe, last Earl of Derwentwater, and Char: causing him to muse how it was that the author could furnish the words lotte Maria Livingstone, in her own right Countess of Newburgh. and the composer the music. The story of the poem is one wholly unsuitable for English social requirements, and inadmissible in the contains notices of the Fletchers of Garr, King's County, and of

F:-(1) Besides the families you name, Burke's “Landed Gentry publish a composition solely for an exceptional singer like Malle Dunans, co. Argyll. (2) The literal translation of the sentence isTitiens, to whom it is dedicated, and for whom it was expressly com

" The aforesaid plan to be held for the specified term." posed. The subject is one containing tragic elements, and its S. L.-A manor, in the original meaning of the term, consisted of doption could only be justified by successful treatment in harmony lands upon which the lord had a mansion, and to which lands and with the incidents upon which it is based ; instead, however, of its mansion there belonged a seigniory over freeholders qualified in existence being made good in this manner, the tragic, or at least respect of quantity of estate, and sufficient, in point of number, to carnest and serious character, which really would have been the most constitute à Court Baron,' and these freeholders were called proper and suitable, is entirely missed, the melodramatic only remain- / Vavassors. ing, with all its meretricious and artificial sentimentalism, and its approach to burlesque. It is surprising that a composer of Mr.

T.R.-Enquire at the Will Office, Doctors' Commons. Sullivan's dramatic resources has cared to append his name to so weak and hybrid a production. It is not pleasing in a melodic point of view, and it has not dramatic truth to make up for this. An example of the want of the latter quality may be noted in the last line of the

NOTICES. first page, where the change from the minor into the major is false in feeling, and altogether incongruous in style. Musical composers Correspondents who reply to queries would oblige by referring to have to fight against the fascination of the special medium in which the volume and page where such queries are to be found. To omit they work, as it is liable to carry them into flights of irrelevant ex. pression, from the very facility with which its combinations are made this gives us unnecessary trouble. A few of our correspondents are Were musicians more cognisant of this danger, they would give slow to comprehend that it is desirable to give not only the reference is not founded on sound lyric principles and dramatic truth must previous replies. Thus a reply given to a query propounded at page greater attention to the study of dramatic art. What in vocal music to the query itself, but that such reference should also include all result in falsc and tasteless effects. And in music the public is less able to criticise, for to understand thoroughly the mystery of sweet 4, Vol. cit., to which a previous reply had been given at page 20, and sounds a special technical education is required; whereas, every one another at page 32, requires to be set down (Vol.iii. 4, 20, 32). with a moderately decent ear and ordinary common-sense can detect a false tone or accent in mere verbal delivery. But the divine art is

We shall be glad to receive contributions from competent and superficially so much more vague, fronı its being par excellence capable persons accomplished in literature or skilled in archaeology, emotional, that detection is more difficult; nevertheless, truth, pre- and generally from any intelligent reader who may be in possession cision of thought, and their natural and appropriate forms of realiza- of facts, historical or otherwise, likely to be of general interest tion, are to be found even in music by those who honestly seek them. Wagner is showing his sense of this in the intellectual warfare in Communications for the Editor should be addressed to the Pub. which be is now engaged, but his enthusiasm for dramatic integrity | lisbi i Office, 81A, Fleet Street, London, E.C.

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