Imágenes de páginas

crisp, or regaining its former flexibility, according as the THE WHITE HORSE AT WESTBURY (Vol. iv. 19).—The person either dies or recovers. Oftentimes these cauls be White Horse, at Westbury, in its present form, is of a comcome hereditary, being handed down from father to son paratively modern date, having been greatly altered and (especially if it has been born in the family), and are re- restored” in 1778. The one that was there before, was garded by their respective owners with as much superstition much smaller and ruder, and is known to have been of great as if the caul-born person was living. It is not a rare thing antiquity. According to popular tradition, it was cut to to see these curiosities of nature advertised for sale in local commemorate the victory gained by Alfred the Great over papers, especially if there be a seaport near. About six the Danes at Ethandun, A.D. 878. This is supposed by months ago I observed in the Liverpool Mercury three of Camden, Sir R. C. Hoare, and other antiquarians to be the these membranes advertised for sale at one time, and vary- same as the village of Edington, which probably at that time ing in price from 30s. to 2l. 25., which latter is the maximum extended to the foot of the hill on which the White Horse price I have ever seen attached to such advertisements.

is cut. The ancient entrenchments, referred to by Mr. J. P. S.

Dakin, were most probably the stronghold of the Danes, to

which they retreated on their defeat, and which is now known DIES IRÆ (Vol. iv. 55):- The authorship of this beautiful having its longest sides facing north and south, and its

as Bratton Castle. This camp is of an irregular oblong shape, Latin hymn has been ascribed to various persons; but it was most probably composed by Thomas de Colano or Celano, double rampart; in some places still 36 feet in height, and

eastern side longer than its western. It is formed by a a Franciscan monk, who died about the year 1253. It was admitted into the service of the Church in the fourteenth enclosing about 23 acres. It has a very commanding posicentury, and was made a part of the Requiem, or mass fortion, being situated on the very brow of the hill, overlooking the souls of the dead. Several alterations were then made the valley. It has two entrances, one, the principal, on the in the text; but the original reading is believed to be that south side, and the other at the

north-east corner. The Francis at Mantua. The hymn has been frequently trans, ference of the eye 25 feet. which is engraved on a marble tablet in the church of St. extreme length of the horse from head to tail is 175 feet ;

the height from feet to shoulder, 107 feet; and the circumlated into English, by Lord Macaulay, Lord Lindsay, and others.


THE PINK, PINKE, OR PYNKE FAMILY (Vol. iv. 78).RULES OF THE ROAD (Vol. iii. 307).—The quotation Although a descendant of this family (my grandfather came as made by myself in “Cassell's Recreator" is not an from Alton to London early in the present century), I regret error on my own part. I have heard the same version of that I am unable to furnish your correspondent with the the adage ever since I was a lad. Also, I have heard the information he asks. The family was long seated in Hampversions of the same code which " J. H. T.” quotes, the shire, in which county branches of it are still located. Beyond former the oftener. I use the former as being the more this circumstance I know but little of a definite character; brief. The more simple and curt an adage is, the more but I have always understood that the Alton branch of the likely is it to hold in the memory of hearers. Another ver- family is the eldest,--that another branch emigrated to the sion is

West Indies about the middle of the last century (and, pos

sibly, may be there still), while a third resides, or did reside, “ The right's the wrong,

in Northamptonshire. If your correspondent has elicited The left's the right; The rule of the road,

anything respecting the family, beyond what is stated in his A paradox quite."

query, I shall be glad if he will communicate the same, and

possibly I may be able to add something further. A kind I will not pretend to say which of the three was the original. of tradition exists that, originally, the family came from The main principle is that the doctrine is the same, and the Northamptonshire. If this were so, might it not be possible double entendre which inculcates it is also the same in that it had some connection with the old Baronial House of each.

Pynckney or Pinkney, which for many ages, up to the fourWAT BRADWOOD. teenth century, was seated at Wedon, in that county ? The

transition from “ Pynckney" to “ Pincke," thence“ · Pink,”

is not unlikely THE CAKE HOUSE IN HYDE PARK (Vol. iii. 319):-

W. D. PINK. See Larwood's

The Story of the London Parks." building in the middle of the park in which one of the keepers took up his residence at the time when there were

SIR HUGH SMITHSON (Vol. iv. 20, 56).—Permit me to two of them, the other residing in the lodge near Hyde add a note respecting a most famous son of Sir Hugh Park Corner. But in the reign of Charles II. it served as a Smithson. Sir Hugh was the father of an illegitimate son drinking-house, or a place were refreshments were sold, and by a woman called Mrs. Elizabeth Macie, said to have been was sometimes called Price's Lodge, from the name of of the Wiltshire family of Hungerford. The son was named George Price, the chief under-keeper. Like everything James Lewis Macie. Little is known of his early life, except connected with the park, it is frequently mentioned by that he received his education at Oxford; that he was well the dramatists of that reign-for instance, in a play of acquainted with Cavendish, possessed a considerable know, Howard's (1674)—“Nay, 'tis no London female, she's a

ledge of chemistry, and contributed to the “Philosophical thing that never saw a cheesecake, a tart, or a syllabub at

Transactions on that subject. He was proud of his

born on the the lodge in Hyde Park.” In Queen Ann's time it was descent, but very sensitive at having been more generally called the Cake House or Mince-pie House, wrong side of the blanket.” He had an ambition during and according to the fashion which still continued to his life, which, as it came from an American, will sound prevail, the beaux and belles used to go there to refresh very ambitious indeed to people on this side of the Atlantic; themselves. The dainties which might be obtained there yet it is one that is being rapidly, and to all human appear. in the reign of George II., are thus enumerated in a little ance will eventually be, gratified. To use his own words, it descriptive poem of the period :

was “ to leave a name that would live in the memory of men

when the titles of the Northumberlands and the Percies are "Some petty collation

extinct or forgotten." Mr. Smithson was never married, Of cheesecakes, and custards, and pigeon-pic puff,

yet he was very desirous that his name and family should With bottle-ale, cider, and such sort of stuff."

live after him, and accordingly he left all his property to the W. T. child or children, legitimate or illegitimate, of his nephew

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failing such issue then for the purpose which is destined to the forty-eighth year of his age. Cromeck states that the carry his name down to a remote posterity. In his will, ballad was originally written by Lowe in the Scottish dated 1826, he describes himself as “ James Smithson, son dialect, and afterwards given in the English form, by which of Hugh, first Duke of Northumberland, and Elizabeth, it is now universally known. Mr. C. K. Sharpe, however, heiress of the Hungerfords, of Audley, niece of Charles the who had better means of knowing, says this was not the Proud, Duke of Somerset,” and bequeathes all his property case, the Scottish version being one of Allan Cunningof what nature soever to the nephew we have mentioned, ham's modern antiques he so liked to palm off when he had failing whom (which event took place) to "the United the chance. States of America for the establishment of an institution The air to which “Mary's Dream” is sung is very at Washington under the name of The Smithsonian In- beautiful. It is comparatively modern. Author not known. stitution,' for the increase and diffusion of knowledge among men." He left about 120,000l., and Congress, who ad- lines which come in before the last four quoted by O. B.

To render the ballad complete, I beg to supply the twelve minister the estate, have built and carry on “ The Smithsonian Institution at Washington, whose fame already is

“Three stormy nights and stormy days not confined to English-speaking lands. By Act of Con

We toss'd upon the raging main,

And long we strove our bark to savo, gress, a copy of each book, map, or print for which the author

But all our striving was in vain. desires a copyright, must be delivered to the Smithsonian Institution as well as to the Congress Library. The Smith

" E'en then, when horror chill'd my blood,

My heart was filled with love for thee; sonian Institution hitherto has produced good fruit, and as

The storm is past, and I at rest, its scope is broad and universal—“ the increase and diffusion

So, Mary, weep no more for me. of knowledge among men,”—the proud ambition of its

“0, maiden dear. thyself prepare, founder will doubtless be realized.

We soon sball meet upon that shore

Where love is free from doubt and care,

And thou and I shall part no more." EISTEDDFOD (Vol. iv. 94).--I believe the first modern

H, WRIGHT. Eisteddfod was held at Caerwys, May 26, 1568. Pennant

The author of the ballad entitled “Mary's Dream," of ("Tour in Wales,” quarto edit. vol. 1. p.433) gives an account of it ; but if Mr. Lloyd wants the origin of Eisteddofau, which the one quoted is a very poor version, was John Lowe, Mr. Pennant will tell him they were the British Olymo la native of Kenmure, in Galloway.. A short account of him pics;”. By the way, after for many years, placing the final is prefixed to another version in " Songs of Scotland,” pub"5" to the word Eisteddfod, to render it into the plural, lished in Glasgow, by Ogle & Co., in 1871, and later by

Hogg. our newspaper correspondents this year, some of them write “ Eisteddfodan," and on the strength of this Punch, The original ballad, which is much more Scottish in its the other day, in some lines to the Welsh Harp, gives " Poor language and style, is to be found in the “Universal Mary Anne," as a rhyme to the word. Mr. Shirley Brooks, Songster," published by Fairbairn, Vol. 3, p. 213. It is I fancy, must be taking his well-earned holiday, for he knows much longer than the one quoted by O. B., and commences Wales too well to fall into such an error.

with the following linesASKEW ROBERTS,

“The lovely moon had climbed the hill,

Where eagles big aboon the Dee, ETYMOLOGY OF THE RED SEA (Vol. iv. 98). --Allow

And, like the looks of a lovely dame, me to add another supposed reason for the name, Red Sea

Brought joy to every body's ee.' or Sea of Edom (the red man). Esau was so called, not

J. H. BURNEY. because he was ruddy in complexion, or had red hair like our Rufus, but because he sold his birthright for a pottage of WAYZ-GOOSE (Vol. iv. 67, 96).—The celebration by most red lentiles (Gen. xxv. 30). In the Bible, the Red of the London printing-houses and newspaper establishments Sea is generally called the sedgy sea (yam-suph), because of the annual wayz-goose is of very ancient date, probably as the wind drives into it a vast quantity of scdge or sea-weed. | old as the time when William Caxton practised typography in See Brewer's “Phrase and Fable," 2nd. edit. 741. a house now called the Almonry, near the western door of

FREDERICK RULE. Westminister Abbey from 1476 to 1491, when he died.

Randle Holme, a writer in 1688, says: “It is customary to AUTHOR WANTED (Vol. iv. 77). –The Scottish ballad, make every year new paper windows in Bartholomew tide “ Mary's Dream,” partly quoted by O. B., was written in (August 24), at which time the master printers make them 1772 by Mr. John Lowe, a native of Kenmure, in Galloway, a feast called a wayz-goose, to which is invited the corrector, south of Scotland. His father was gardener to Mr. Gordon, founder, smith, ink-maker, &c., who all open their purses of Kenmure, and he was educated at the parish school of and give to the workmen to spend in the tavern or ale house Kells. When fourteen years old he was apprenticed as a after the feast, from which they begin to work by candleweaver to a Mr. Heron, whose son, Robert Heron, was the light.” author of a “History of Scotland,” a “Life of Robert

VERITAS. Burns," and other works. He, however, soon left the loom, got additional instruction from Mr. Mackay, schoolmaster PENGARSWICK (Vol. iv. 85).—When in the south of of Carsphairn, and afterwards went to the University of Cornwall in the summer of 1871, I paid a visit to this Edinburgh, to study for the Kirk. He became tutor in the neglected old ruin. Whilst there the following legend was family of Mr. McGhee, of Airds, and there he composed this related to me by a friend residing in the neighbourhood. A song, as well as others now lost. It seems that Mary, one merchant having acquired a large fortune at sea, returned to of Mr. McGhee's daughters, was engaged to Mr. Alexander this country, and landed near the spot where the castle now Miller, a surgeon, who was unfortunately lost at sea, and on stands. Not having decided when he should settle down this event he composed his beautiful lyric. In 1773 Mr. to enjoy his fortune, he loaded an ass with his gold and Lowe went to America, and became tutor in the family of a determined to build his castle where the ass first rested. brother of General George Washington. Afterwards he | The weight of the gold soon caused the poor animal to opened an academy at Fredericksburg, Virginia, which break down, and on the spot where he fell, the merchant he left on being ordained a clergyman in the Episcopal fulfilled his promise by erecting the castle. This is said to Church. His next step was an unfortunate one: he married, have happened in the reign of Henry VIII. The castle was his wife being a Virginian lady, and her gross misconduct purchased by Mr. Millton in the latter part of this monarch's was such that it broke his tender heart; and so he died, in (reign. The tower of the castle is about 60 feet high. The

name is pronounced, and, I believe, generally spelt Penger- SHAKESPEARE.—One of the mysteries of Shakespeare's sick. It is supposed to be derived from Pen-giverasike, life is at length solved. Some time ago, Mr. J. O. Halliwell signifying head ward of the cove.

had the good fortune to discover a remarkable and unique F. A. EDWARDS. series of documents respecting the two theatres with which

the poet was connected. They included even lists of the BROWNE OF ELSING (Vol iv. 42, 83).-Will you allow original proprietors and sharers. Shakespeare's name does me to thank Mr. Pratt for his reply to my stion, and to not occur in those lists. Mr. Halliwell has now furnished ask him for a little further information. In the only copy of us with the texts of those passages in which the great dra. Burke's "Landed Gentry” that I have at hand, “Browne matist is expressly mentioned ; notices far more interesting of Elsing” does not appear ; but a correspondent in the than anything of the kind yet brought to light. The sons of “ Herald and Genealogist” (vol. iii. 191) writes, “ of the James Burbage are speaking in an affidavit. They tell us extinction of the Brownes of Elsing there can be no reason that, after relinquishing their theatrical speculations in able doubt.” I assume, therefore, that it is through females, Shoreditch, they “ built the Globe with summes of money that Mr. R. C. Browne represents the family ? Until the taken up at interest, which lay heavy on us many yeeres, termination of the abeyance of the Barony of Hastings in and to ourselves wee joyned those deserving men, Shaks. 1841, the heir-general of this family represented one moiety pere, Hemings, Condall, Phillips, and others, partners in of that barony, and is still a coheir to one moiety of the the profittes of that they call the House." As to the Barony of Foliot, if not to others, also.

Blackfriars, they say, “Our father purchased it at extreame W.D. Pink. rates, and made it into a playhouse with great charge and

troble, which after was leased out to one Evans, that first CREST AND MOTTO OF THE WAY FAMILY (Vol. iv. sett up the boyes commonly called the Queenes Majesties 20, 45, 69).--I have a small vignette engraving, on steel, Children of the Chappell. In processe of time, the boyes representing a landscape, in the foreground of which, is a growing up to bee men, it was considered that the house would knight armed cap-a-pié, with his sword and shield by his be as fitt for ourselves, and soe purchased the lease remainside. The ensigns upon the shield may be blazoned thus:- ing from Evans with our money, and placed men players, Quarterly, first and fourth-azure, three lucies, haurient, which were Hemings, Condall, Shakspeare, and Richard argent; second and third-sable, two bars, argent, each Burbage.” These important evidences contradict all recent charged with three bendlets gules. Beneath is engraved--theories and opinions respecting Shakspeare's business Gregorius Ludovicus Way. This vignette is pasted inside connection with the theatres.-Atheneum, August 23. the cover of a work entitled “ A Display of Heraldrie,'' by John Guillim, Pursuivant of Arms. The Sixth Edition. LONDON'S PROGRESSE.-The following effusion, called MDCCXXIV.

London's Progresse," appears in a collection of Epigrams J.L. G. written by Thomas Freeman, a native of Gloucester, and

published in 1614, 4to, under the title of “Rubbe and a A New SURNAME (Vol. iv. 77):--The name of Sheep. Great Cast: and Runne and a Great Cast.” shanks has been adopted in recent times; the first who bore it being a foundling who was discovered in a basket which

" Why how now, Babell, whither wilt thou build ?

The old Holborne, Charing Crosse, the Strand, i contained also a leg of mutton and a knife. He was called

Are going to St. Giles's in the Field;. on this account Cutler Sheepshanks.

Saint Katerne, she takes Wapping by the hand,

And Hogsdon will to Hy-gate ere't be long.

London has got a great way from the streame;
I think she means to go to Islington,

To eat a dish of strawberries and creame.

The City's sure in Progresse, I surmise,

Or going to revell it in some disorder,
Without the Walls, without the Liberties,

Where she necde feare nor Mayor nor Recorder.
IMPRESSING CHORISTERS.-The aid of the press-gang in

Well, say she do, 'twere pretty, yet 'tis pity,,

A Middlesex Bailiff should arrest the Citty." manning the navy survived to a comparatively recent date, but it is not very commonly known, although several of our These predictions have long been fulfilled, but it may be old writers allude to the practice, that Minstrels and Sing- said, we still “revell it in some disorder," as far as our local ing Children were impressed into the service of the crown ; government beyond the city boundary is concerned. and that in the “good old times " children were liable to be taken from their parents and homes to become choristers in BANGOR CATHEDRAL.–After having been partially the royal chapels. Wharton mentions a decree, temp. restored, at a cost of 20,000l., this sacred edifice was reHenry VI., for " pressing ministrels,” and Strype states opened on the 8th inst. The works in connection with the that (A.D. 1550), à commission was granted to Philip van restoration have occupied eight years, and have been carried Wilder, gentleman of the Privy Chamber, " to take to the out from the designs of Sir Gilbert Scott. Lord Penrhyn king's use " in "annie churches or chapells within England, was the leading subscriber, having contributed nearly 7,cool, such and so many singing children and choristers as he and his deputy thought good.” And in the next year, the master of the King's Chapel had license "to take up from time to time as many children to serve the King's Chapel as he shall think fit." Thomas Tusser, writing in Queen Eliza


Notices of beth's reign, thus bewails his own fate in this respect :- Ought Women to Learn the Alphabet ? Reprinted (by permission) “ Then for my voyce

from "Atlantic Essays." By T. W. Higginson. Manchester:

A. Ireland & Co. 1873.
I must (no choice)
Away; of force

This is no new question, for from the pamphlet we learn that "amid
Like posting horse,

Napoleon's mighty projects for remodelling the religion and governFor sundry men

ment of bis empire, the ironical satirist, Sylvain Maréchal, thrust in Had placards, then,

his “Plan for å Law Prohibiting the Alphabet to Women," upon

which Madame Gacon Dufour, a friend of the author of the said (The better breaste,

plan, " declared he must be insane, and proceeded to prove herself so The lesser reste)

by soberly replying to him." Mr. Higginson appears to assume To serve the queen;

Alphabet is he magic portal to all probable evil and all For time so spente

possible good. He brings forward an imposing array of high and I may repente,

learned authorities adverse to any substantial intellectual enlighten. And sorrowe make."

ment of women. He also adduces various powerful pleas on the previous replies. Thus a reply given to a query propounded at page The present is an appropriate time for re-issuing any composition 4, Vol.iii., to which a previous reply had been given at page 20, and by the late great master of the pianoforte. The charming “Life another at page 32, requires to be set down (Vol.rir. 4, 20, 32). of Moscheles," written by his wife, and lately published, must have forcibly recalled the universally-esteemed composer and vir. We shall be glad to receive contributions from competent and tuoso to the memory of the music loving community. under consideration is not a very easy one, though not specially capable persons

Such child to take


Auswers to Correspondents.


other side of the question. Mr. Higginson's style is animated and To those who like good music, but shrink from the utterly and trenchant, and he places the pros and cons of his subject in vigorous entirely classical, arrangements of popular airs such as the present and effective opposition. Among other precedents against women must bo specially welcome. learning the alphabet, the Chinese proverb is quoted, which says; ** For men, to cultivate virtue is knowledge; for women, to renounce Gavotte Moderne en Ul. Par Berthold Tours. Weekes & Co. knowledge is virtue." If this is "gospel" in China, the present a very "taking" composition, with strongly-marked rhythmical Empress, who was raised to her elevated rank in consequence

of her

character. The very title of Gavotte, thanks to the enchanting superior caligraphy, must be a determined renegade from what is traditionally held as befitting her sex! A propos of the venerable masterpieces of sturdy old Bach in the same genre, predisposes to

favourable consideration. The modern example of the antique question of the relative position of the sexes, the author cites the rather partial admonition of the Gatoo code, 4000 years old and more,

measure by Mons. Tours is very "playable," and while perfectly which runs:"A man, both day and night, must keep his wife so

easy of execution, by no means gives the impression of being written much in subjection that she by no means be mistress of her own merely, for a tyro. It is bright, clear and musicianly, and deserves, actions. If the wife have her own free will, notwithstanding she be and will no doubt obtain, an extensive circulation. English philosopher, laid down the axiom that a man might keep his Give. SongWritten by Adelaide Anne Procter. Composed by wife by force within the bounds of duty, and that he might "beat her,

Arthur S. Sullivan. Boosey & Co. but not in a violent or cruel manner. Again, Mr. Justice Coleridge, Tuis is an elegant and Aowing melody in F major, 3-4 time, compass says the author, rules that the husband, in certain cascs," has a right eleven notes E to A. It is, strictly speaking, for a soprano, though to confine his wife in his own dwelling-house, and restrain her from a mezzo-soprano of good compass might also sing it. The wellliberty for an indefinite time;" and Baron Alderson's dictum is, that known name of Miss Procter is a guarantee for the excellence of the The wife is only the servant of her husband." In the Hindoo words. The musician is apparent in Mr. Sullivan's interesting dramas, remarks Mr. Higginson, woman “did not even speak the accompaniment. The simplicity and sentiment of this pleasing and same language with her master, but used the dialect of slaves ; " but, unaffected composition will probably render it a favourite. perhaps, not least striking was the rebuff which Françoise de Saintonges in the sixteenth century received, when she wished to establish girls' schools in France, for she was hooted in the streets, and her father called together four doctors, learned in the law, to decide whether she was not possessed by demons, to think of educating women-pour s'assurer qu'instruire des femmes n'ttait pas un cuvre du démon. (Mrs. William Grey may congratulate herself that O. M. C.-Magdalen College, Oxford, was founded in 1473 by she did not live in the days of this worthy !). And Froissart cer- William of Waynilete, Bishop of Winchester, not Sir John Fastolf. tainly did not mince matters or betray any superfluity of civility, The latter, whom you mention, is recorded as being a liberal benewhen he stated that the Salic Law was founded because of the factor to that foundation in its younger days. “kingdom of France being too noble to be ruled by a woman." We have, perhaps, quoted enough to render some of the defenders of the

T. 2.- Translations from the poems of Alexander Petöfi, with a fair sex desirous of discovering

what Mr.
Higginson's version of the biography by Sir John Bowring, was published

by Trübner, in 1866. claims on the other side of the question may be. To this very clever H. Isherwood.-You will find a very good summary of the history, and amusing essay we therefore refer any

such gallant champions. of Titus Oates in the Imperial Dictionary of Universal Biography, They will, in its well-stocked pages, certainly find a lance to use for or in Knight's “ English Cyclopædia.' or against the “cause.'

F: C. E.-Campden House, Kensington, built by Sir Baptist Poems. By Thomas Sinclair, MA, London: Provost & Co. Hicks in 1612, was destroyed by fire about ten years ago. 1873.

M. A. (Bath).-The family you allude to are not entitled to bear MR. SINCLAIR's poems give evidence of imagination and an intense love of art and beauty. His mind is clearly of a speculative cast, and he loves to let fancy wander unrestrained into

R. Maclachlan.-Refer to Skene's “Highlanders," and Ander. the land of dreams. Now and then he finds a true thought, which

son's “Scottish Families," for the information you require. shines out brightly, and with reassuring steadiness, from the haze S. Allen.-The arms of Eton College are-Sa., three water lilies of fantastic surroundings. Still, we do not grudge these essays arg., on a chief, per pale, az. and gu., a fleur-de-lis of the second, and trial flights of a young poet's muse. It is only long practice and a leopard passant-guardant, or. which can produce the perfect work, the perfect artist, and the crucial test of publicity is as needful and as formative to the author,

T. F. H.-The documents you allude to are preserved at the as that of a real, live audience is to an orator or an actor: no lessons

Record Office, in Fetter-lane, and can be referred to on application. can ever be bought equal to those unconsciously given by the F. L. S.-See the "Anecdotes of Reynolds," by Mason, the poet, public in its reception of débutants of the pen or platform, or indeed for an account of Sir Joshua's painting of "The Death of Cardinal of any other artistic form of intellectual expression. Mr. Sinclair's Beaufort." present volume may be regarded chiefly, as a collection of dreamy, imaginative sketches, serving as a fond upon which to mount his 0. C:-A very curious summary of the early proceedings of the ideas, reasonings, and ponderings upon the great ends and gifts of Long Parliament is given in Welwood's "Memoirs," pp. 50-78. life-a stepping-stone to possible future achievements. Therefore we S. P.-Refer to Walpole's “Royal and Noble Authors." listen in good faith when he says:-

9. L. (Ipswich).- Dod's “Parliamentary Companion," or WalYet men must wait their growth, and I foresee

ford's “ Shilling House of Commons,” will give you all the informa. A greater Saviour than this to come,

tion you desire.
A Book of stronger truth; for this is not
But jottings of a misted Voyage made

D. M. S.--The work is entitled “Concise Historical Proofs res.
To Man's dear promised Land, his Paradise,


the Gael of Alban, or Highlanders of Scotland, as descended The fair Hesperides, where I shall work

of the Caledonian Picts; with the Origin of the Irish Scots, or With manhood's clear, transfigured power, the Work

Dalriads, in North Britain, and their supposed conquest over the Which is the Reason of my life.'

Caledonian Picts, Examined and Refuted," by J. R. Robertson. It

was published by Nimmo, of Edinburgh. As a general rule, we may accept each volume which a poet gives to the world, before his genius has accredited itself in any particular direction, as a premonitory phase of his inner life, which thus plays an initiatory prelude to the written or acted dramawhich may or may

NOTICES. not follow.

Correspondents who reply to queries would oblige by referring to

the volume and page where such queries are to be found. To omit MUSICAL PUBLICATIONS.

this gives us unnecessary trouble. A few of our correspondents are Recollections of Ireland. Grand Fantasia for the Pianoforte. slow to comprehend that it is desirable to give not only the reference

Composed by J. Moscheles, arranged by J. Rummel (New Edition). to the query itself, but that such reference should also include all J. B. Cramer & Co.

accomplished in literature or skilled in archæologs, difficult, but it will require good practice in order to produce its full and generally from any intelligent reader who may be in possession effect. Our old friend, "The Last Ro of Summer," appears here of facts, historical or otherwise, likely to be of general interest. under her Irish name of “The Groves of Blarney." "Garry Owen" follows, conspicuous in its characteristic national hilariousness, and

Communications for the Editor should be addressed to the Pub. the third and last air chosen for treatment is “St. Patrick's Day." | lishing Office, 81A, Fleet Street, London, E.C.

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preparation. Was it to secure the person of a man, who came to surrender himself voluntarily to the Court of King's

Bench? The supposition is too absurd to be made, even by CONTENTS.-No. 79.

the most venal or stupid tools of the Ministry. Was it to

prevent the people from rescuing him, and to conduct him London RIOTS:-The Wilkes Riots, 113.

safe to the King's Bench prison, in case the Court should Kington THEATRE IN THE KEMBles' Time, AND THE KEMBLE did not put it in execution. The people actually did rescue

pronounce such a sentence. But if such was their design, they FAMILY, 115.

him, though much against his inclination, and carried him BARONIES IN A BEYANCE, 116.

into the City, and at last he was obliged to give them the QUERIES:-Napoleon, Ney, and Sir John Moore, 119-Arms of Rich - slip, and to escape disguised into the prison assigned him.

mondshire-Ancient Coin-Portrait of the Earl of Surrey, The Gallows at Tyburn--Fat Judges-Lady Hungerford-Author

What, then, in God's name, was the intention of this Wanted-Bishop Osmund-Sign of Fair Weather-York and formidable apparatus ? Was it to try the humour of the Lancaster Roses-Ancient Dishes.

people, and to see how Englishmen would relish a military Replies:-William the Conqueror, 120—A Child's Caul-Eisteddfod government? If it was, I will take the liberty of answering,

Post Office Orders-Stuart Papers-Monks and Friars-When in the name of all the people of England, a few Court was the last Woman Burned at the Stake in England-New Sur- sycophants excepted, that they never did, they never can, name-Surgeon-Major Fleming's Work on War Medals–Skew they never will, relish a military government; and that he Bridge-Newington Nupnery.

who shall attempt to erect such a government in England Miscellanea:-Epochs of English History, 123–King Charles I.- will involve himself, and all his adherents, in inevitable Lambeth Library.

ruin. I will not, indeed, say, as is said by some others, that NOTICES OF BOOKS, 123.

we are already fairly brought under a military government; ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS, 124.

that, like the French, we have got our gendarmes, and, like the Turks, our janissaries, to patrol the streets of London ;

but this I will say, that, if matters continue much longer in LONDON RIOTS.

their present situation, we shall be in great danger of being brought under such a government; for if once the military

force becomes necessary to the execution of the laws, they THE WILKES RIOTS.

will soon think themselves necessary to the enacting of

them; and then farewell, an eternal farewell, to the liberties BY WALTER THORNBURY.

of England. This, indeed, has ever been, and ever will be,

the manner in which all military or despotic government is (Continued from p. 103.)


In July of the same year Samuel Gillam, the rash Surrey There was no doubt that the Surrey magistrates, during magistrate who gave the Scotch soldiers the too hasty order what the people insisted on calling “The Massacre of St. to fire on the people, was tried for murder at the Old Bailey. George's Fields," had acted with nervous precipitancy. A The papers of the day record that “ he was acquitted withsingle bullet at a ringleader or a volley of blank cartridge out going into his defence, and the Court granted him a copy would at once have dispersed the mob. Yet in spite of the of his indictment. The court was uncommonly full upon almost frenzied irritation of the people of London, the Govern- this occasion. Mr. Gillam was dressed in black, full trimmed, ment acted with their usual party zeal. Lord Barrington and wore a tye wig. A chair was ordered for him close to wrote a letter of profuse thanks to the officers and men the council, and during the course of his trial he fainted employed in guarding the King's Bench.“ Employing the away. Sir Fletcher Norton and the Attorney and Solicitor troops," said the secretary, "on so disagreeable a service General, were on the part of Mr. Gillam; and Mr. Serjeant always gives me pain ; but the circumstances of the present Glynn and Mr. Lucas on the part of the prosecution.” time make it necessary." In case of legal proceedings he pro- On August 9, 1768, Donald Maclane, the Scotch soldier mised the men every defence and protection the War Office of the 3rd Guards who shot poor young Allan, was tried. could give. The only excuse that can be found for the Govern. No bills were found against Ensign Murray and Private ment is that at this time half London was in a state of semi- Maclaurey, and they were accordingly discharged. Mr. revolt ; several thousands of sailors had struck for increase of Serjeant Leigh appeared for the prosecution. Two witpay, and the coal-heavers, glass grinders, and journeymen nesses, one a discharged marine, the other the ostler at Mr. tailors were clubbing into most threatening and riotous mobs. Allan's inn, the “Horse Shoe,” in Blackman-street, in the If these different mobs rolled into a united deluge, the Borough, swore to the prisoner's identity, yet with several Tories fully thought the end of society would follow. contradictions. Two other witnesses, Okins and Brawn,

Wilkes, whose audacity no danger could quench, denounced singularly enough, had both (unseen by each other) been in the “ Massacre" in the North Briton (No. 47) of the the cow-house when the soldiers entered. Brawn, a middlevery same day. He complained of ministers drawing out the aged man, swore that he was just going to strike down the military force in St. George's Fields, to secure the person of musket of the soldier, which was levelled at young Allan, a man who came to surrender himself voluntarily to the when another soldier seemed about to present his piece at Court of Queen's Bench, and who, if he had pleased, might him (Brawn), and in terror of his own life he then retired. with the same facility have fled from justice; and in truth, Okins, a lad, swore that he had never seen Brawn, but that had he been so minded, have set the whole military force of when the soldiers threatened Allan, he fell down with fear, the kingdom at defiance.

Neither of these two witnesses could identify the soldier who In No. 48 he continues the subject. “But whether,” he intentionally or accidentally fired. writes, “it proceeded from treachery or imprudence, it was Mr. Gillam, the Surrey magistrate present at the riot, certainly owing to the conduct of the Ministry, that the deposed to a detachment of one hundred men, under the people were guilty of the few slight trespasses, which they command of Colonel Beauclerk, being present before the have lately committed. The drawing out the military force King's Bench prison. The constables sent five or six in St. James's Park and St. George's Fields, before there Grenadiers to apprehend a patriot in two dirty red waistwas so much as the shadow of a necessity, naturally excited, coats, who had distinguished himself in throwing stones. not the fears—as the Ministry, no doubt, fondly expected - The moment after the door of the cow-house closed on the but the resentment of the people, and made every man ask soldiers, a shot was heard, and a few minutes after the his ncighbour, what could be the meaning of such a warlike prisoner returned. Peter MacLoughlan then, in a tone of

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