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and died in 1651, leaving two sons, John and (VI.) Robert the eyes was highly prevalent. The shape of the greater Knight; the latter left two sons, Thomas and (VII.) Robert, number of the medicine-stamps, are either square or oblong ; which Robert was born 30th November, 1675, and died and I am of the opinion that the one now in the Shrewsbury in 1744. He married Martha, eldest daughter and co-heir Museum is the only one of its shape, round, at present of Jeremiah Powell, of Edenhope, co. Salop, by whom he known. had, with other children, (VIII.) Robert Knight, of Barrells,
J. P. S. co. Warwick, who represented Great Grimsby and Castle Rising in four parliaments, and was created 'Baron Lux- FALSE HERALDRY (Vol. iii. 292). – Doubtless the borough of Shannon 8th August, 1746, and Viscount “ false heraldry” exhibited in the tinctures assigned by the Barrells and Earl of Catherlough 30th April
, 1763. He author of “Ivanhoe" to the shield of the black knight has married, firstly, Henrietta, only daughter of Henry, Viscount often been noticed ; and no less certainly the only explanaSt. John, and sister of the celebrated Viscount Bolingbroke, tion that may have been given, or that can be given, is that by whom he had issue (IX.)
Henry, Viscount Barrells, who this is simply an error, arising from a want of knowledge of married the daughter of Thomas Heath, of Stanstead, heraldic rule as observed in England. It is equally an error, Essex, but died without issue 21st June, 1750. The earl arising from a corresponding want of knowledge of heraldic married secondly Lady le Quesne, but had no issue by her. history, to have assigned to that same sable champion any He died 30th March, 1772, when the peerage became true armorial insignia whatsoever ; since the systematic herextinct.
aldry of England cannot be carried back into the 12th cenJ. P. R., F.S.A. tury, the earliest authentic example of the reign of Richard
I., being displayed on the second Great Seal, of the lionNAMES OF CITY CHURCHES (Vol. iii. 292):-St. Benet hearted king himself. Sir Walter Scott, I know not for Sherehog, so called after a benefactor-Benedict Shorne ; what reason, evidently had some peculiar weakness for the first name becoming Bennet, or Benet, and the surname charging sable upon azure ; twice, in addition to the shield changing into Shrog or Sherehog. The church was origi- of the black knight, he makes Lord Marmion's falcon nally dedicated to St. Osyth. St. Catharine (Cree, or Christ). St. Margaret Pattens : this parish was anciently
“Soar sable in an azure field.” inhabited by patten-makers. St. Michael Bassishaw ; situated on the west side of Basinghall Street, in the wará Dear, delightful Sir Walter Scott--and the older I become, of Bassishaw (Basing's Haw). St. Martin's Outwich, called and the more frequently I read what the “Author of after the patrons or proprietors, William and John de the more I love the man, and the greater enjoyment I find
Waverley wrote (iwo facts which imply the same thing), Oteswich.“ St. Dionis Backchurch, dedicated to St, Dionis, in his works-was not professed as either herald or archæDionysius, or Dennis, who was converted, it is said, by the ologist, or he would have written in a very different style, as preaching of St. Paul at Athens; he is styled first bishop well of the armour as of the armorial blazonry, in his still of that city ; Backchurch refers to its position or situation. inimitable “Ivanhoe.” St. Vedast, in Foster Lane; dedicated to St. Vedast, who
CHARLES BOUTELL. was Bishop of Arras, A.D. 539.
THE APOSTLES (Vol. iii. 263, 308).—With regard to PORTRAITS ON COINS (Vol. iii. 280).—In reply to Mr. Peter and Paul, I quote the following paragraph from Thomas Brooks, it is now generally considered by numis- Bloomfield's “ Martyrs,” Vol. ii., p. 304 :matists that the portrait of Alexander III. (the Great)
"Among the numerous victims who were offered up for King of Macedon, B.C. 336-323, is the earliest one known the trial of their faith are usually reckoned Peter and Paul. on a coin. His head occurs on tetradrachms of Lysimachus, Peter is said to have been crucified near one of the gates of King of Thrace, with the attributes of a young Jupiter Rome, his head being placed downward at his own request, Ammon. Such coins may be seen in the Medal Room at
as esteeming it too high an honour to suffer in the same attithe British Museum.
tude as the Lord of Glory. Paul is said to have been beHENRY W. HENFREY, F.R.Hist.S., &c.
headed about two years after, near the same spot. Nothing
authentic is on record as to the behaviour of these two
GLASS (Vol. iii. 235, 295).—It is hardly necessary, with
reference to the query on page 235, to note so well-known Which rendered into English signifies - “ Dialibanum a tradition as that which Pliny gave with regard to the origin (collyrium or salve) of Tiberius Claudius, the physician for of glass-viz., the sailors fluxing the lumps of soda with all complaints of the eyes; to be used with egg." It was sand upon the beach near the river Belus, upon the coast of purchased in the year 1859 by E. Botfield, Esq., who pre- Galilee; but it may be worth while noting that the sand of sented it to the Museum at Shrewsbury, where, with the this coast is mentioned by Theoprastus as being employed numerous other interesting and valuable relics found on the in the manufacture of glass 300 years B.C. A passage in site of ancient Uriconium, it is still preserved.
the Book of Job, chap. xxxvii., 18, asks, “ Hast thou with From this discovery, we may conclude that some one of him spread out the sky which is strong, and as a molten the Roman quacks was located in the city, where he pre-looking glass ?" If the translation correctly represents the pared his medicines, and whence his fame was spread abroad, original, this would put back the origin of glass much farther ; as the inventor of an eye-salve possessing high medical but I can scarcely think it is so. That the Romans, after qualities. Over sixty of these stamps, cut from various kinds their conquest of England, introduced glass makers, we have of stone (and I believe some are found formed of metal) good reason for believing, inasmuch as specimens of the have been discovered in England, Italy, Germany, and glass of that period have been discovered, and are now in France, which greatly inclines us to believe that, at the existence. period of the Roman occupation of these places, disease of
THE SIN OF KISSING THE HAND (Vol. iii. 308).—The at home and abroad in the wars, with their arms embroidered original of a portion of Job xxxi. 27, is generally rendered or otherwise depict.
But now (he adds) these
Writings on Job," and Pool's Latin “ Synopsis.”) Dr. especial interest to the historian of that edifice, while there
were circumstances which might endear him to the recollecconnection with the words of Job. According to Herodotus, actually poked their hands through the holes of his tomb 19 the Arabians, the neighbours of Job, worshipped the sun try and fish out the bones of a king. To historians in general and inoon. The Persians were taught by the Assyrians to the fate of Richard is a most interesting subject. “I have sacrifice to the sun and moon. The Canaanites and the seen,” says Froissart, “ two strange things in my time," and Phænicians did the same thing; hence one of their cities is he goes on to point out the contrast between the bright be. called Beth-shemesh, the home or Temple of the Sun (Josh. ginning of Richard's reign and its miserable close. Gray's xix. 22.). Job evidently saw the evil of this common prac well-known lines, beginning “Fair laughs the morn and tice in his day, and thus strove to purge himself of it.
soft the zephyrs blow,” refer to the same subject, and similar
was the source of Shakespeare's apposite words, “Come,
Two sets of bones were found in the tomb of Richard II.,
female and male. There was no dispute that the bones of
the female skeleton were those of Anne of Bohemia; the The “TABARDE” INN, SOUTHWARK.--This ancient only doubt was whether the other skeleton was that of the hostelry, which is about to be sold by auction, and no doubt King. The skull which was found, being for the purpose of speedily swept away, though not the veritable tavern in measurement filled with rape-seed, the number of cubic which 'Chaucer's Canterbury Pilgrims were assembled 500 of English skulls
. That settled the question of the size of
inches which it was found to contain was below the standard years ago, stands doubtless on the site of that tavern. The first foundation of this inn would appear to be due to the the skull, but its quality was another thing. However, the abbots of Hyde, who at a time when the bishops of conclusion come to by Mr. Richmond was that the skull Winchester had their palace near St. Saviour's Church, would agree with the character of the King. The story of naturally fixed their town residence close by. Stowe tells us the murder of Richard by Sir Piers Exton, who went down that in the Middle Ages the High Street of Southwark had to Pomfret with battle-axe men, is a mere legend, and
fair_inns for the receipt of travellers, and he enu- there are no marks of the battle-axe on this skull. It has merates, “ The Tarbarde ” among their signs. The land on been suggested that it was the skull of a priest, named Manwhich the old “Tarbarde” stood was purchased by the delyn, but he was beheaded at least a month before Richard's Abbot of Hyde in A.D. 1307, and he built on it not only a
death, and there are no marks of decapitation here. Sprigs hostel for himself and his brethren, but also an inn for the of poplar, a preservative against witchcraft, were found accommodation of the numerous pilgrims resorting to the when the tomb was opened. Rushes were still there, and shrine of “St. Thomas of Canterbury” from the south and this proved that, although the tomb had been more or less west of England, just at the point where the roads from ransacked, it had never been entered. Other things were Sussex, Surrey, and Hampshire met that which was known found in the tomb which were but rubbish cast in by passersas the “Pilgrim's Way. There can be no doubt that by by. The tomb of Henry III. had also been investigated. the end of the fourteenth century the Tabard was already The casting of the effigy is almost perfect, though it is said one of the inns most frequented by “Canterbury Pilgrims," to be among the first of such castings. The coftin is covered or else Chaucer would scarcely have introduced it to us in with cloth of gold in one continuous piece, which in turn that character. Stowe also mentions the old “Tabarde" is covered with dust, and has lost so much of its strength as still standing in A.D. 1598, and four years later we are that a small blast would blow away both dust and silk. told by one of Chaucer's editors that the inn and the abbot's The grave historic doubts which rested on the subject of house adjoining had been newly repaired and enlarged " for Richard II. justified a searching investigation into his tomb ; the receipt of many guests." ' Unfortunately, however, in but with regard to Henry III. there was no question, and 1676 the Borough was the scene of a terrible conflagration. the gentlemen who had taken part with the Dean in this Some 600 houses had to be destroyed in order to arrest the inquiry, Mr. Doyne Bell, Mr. Percival, Mr. Knight Watson, progress of the flames, and as the Tabard stood nearly and others, determined with the Dean that it was better to in the centre of this area, and was mostly built of wood, go no further. The paper being concluded, Mr. Scharf, there can be little doubt that the inn actually visited by Mr. Sangster, Mr. Richmond, R.A., and Mr. Octavius Chaucer's pilgrims, perished. It was, however, almost Morgan, M.P., took part in the discussion which followed. immediately rebuilt, and as nearly as possible on the same Mr. Milman gave an interesting account of the discussion spot; and although, through the ignorance of the landlord as to Richard's fate. He quoted Mr. Benjamin Williams, or_tenant, or both, it was for å time called, not the who had printed a deposition found in the Record Office of
Tabarde," but the “ Talbot,” there can be no doubt that a witness examined in the reign of Henry IV. The testimony the present inn, with its quaint old timber galleries and not of this witness was that from Pomfret Richard II. escaped less quaint old chambers, is substantially the same hostelry to the Holy Isle, perhaps to the Isle of Lindisfarne, in as that commemorated by our great early poet. It may Northumberland. He was then removed to Scotland, and be led, in explanation of the sign itself, that, in the many plots for his restoration were set on foot during the language of Stowe, a tabard” is “a sort of jacket or
next reign. sleeveless coat, whole before, but open on both sides, with a FLEET PRISON.-This old Bastile in London was abolished square collar, winged at the shoulders; a stately garment on the 2nd of April, 1844, after it had been a prison for of old time, commonly worn of noblemen and others, both debtors for two centuries. In 1727 a committee of the
House of Commons inquired respecting its management, part of the twelfth century were also exhibited. Rubbings of when various extortions and cruelties were discovered. The brasses from city churches and objects of antiquarian inwardens and jailors were imprisoned for their cruelties. terest were shown. After the reading of Mr. Wood's paper, Bainbridge, one of the wardens, was prosecuted and con- a discussion took place, by Mr. J. G. Waller, Mr. Dunkin, victed, but escaped punishment. The inimitable William the chairman, and others, on the supposed miraculous Hogarth's picture of Bainbridge's examination is as well benefits conferred by various shrines, both in foreign known as Mr. C. Dickens's description of the Fleet Prison countries and in our own. in “Pickwick." It appears to have been for many years a hot-bed of mischief, which merited the fate it received in
CHEMICAL SOCIETY.–At a meeting held on Thursday, 1844.
June 19th-Dr. Odling, F.R.S., president, in the chairwhich was the last of the season, nine communications were read, of which the following were the titles :-1. “Re
searches on the Action of the Copper Zinc Couple on Proceedings of Societies. Organic Bodies (III.) On Normal and Iso-propyl Iodides,"
by J. H. Gladstone, F.R.S., and A. Tribe, being a continuaSOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES. — At a meeting of this tion, in the Propyl series, of the authors' previous researches. society held on the 26th ult. (Mr. T. Winter Jones, princi- 2. “On the Influence of Pressure on Fermentation (part II.) pal librarian of the British Museum, in the chair), a paper The Influence of Reduced Atmospheric Pressure on the was read by the Dean of Westminster on the Tombs of Alcoholic Fermentation,” by Horace T. Brown, in which he Richard II. and Henry III.,” the substance of which will be finds that, under diminished pressure, the progress of the found on the opposite page. Before the reading of the alcoholic fermentation is retarded in a remarkable way, paper several new Fellows were formally admitted, and some 3. “ On Cymene from Different Sources, optically connew gists and bequests were announced, amongst the latter sidered,” by J. H. Gladstone, F.R.S. 4. "Note on the a volume of the Times for 1789, which, it was stated, is not in Action of Bromine on Alizarine,” by W. H. Perkin, F.R.S. the British Museum. Drawings by Mr. George Scharf, and This reaction gives rise to bromalizarine, an orange-coloured photographs, illustrating the subject of the lecture, were crystalline substance possessing feebler dyeing properties laid upon the table and hung up on the wall.
than pure alizarine, the colouring principle of madder.
5. “On Some Oxidation and Decomposition Products of LINNEAN SOCIETY.-The last meeting of the present Morphine Derivatives,” by E. L. Mayer, and C. R. A. session was held at Burlington House, on June 19 (George Wright, D.Sc. 6. “On the Decomposition of Tricalcic Bentham, Esq., F.R.S., president, in the chair). A number Phosphate by Water,” by R. Warrington. 7: "Communi. of beautiful photographs of the Botanic Gardens, at|cations from the Laboratory of the London Institution, No. Adelaide, South Australia, were brought to the meeting by | XII., On the Nature, and on some Derivatives of Coal-tar Dr. Hooker, for the inspection of the Fellows, and were Cresol,” by Dr. H. E. Armstrong, and C. L. Field. 8. “On examined with much interest. A fine specimen of Amomum a New Tellurium Mineral, with Notes on a Systematic melegueta (grains of Paradise plant), bearing fruit, was Mineralogical Nomenclature,” by J. B. Hannay. 9. “ Note exhibited; the plant had been raised in this country from on the Relation among the Atomic Weights," by J. A. R. imported seeds, and, although it had flowered before, no Newlands. The president finally adjourned the meeting fruit had previously been produced. Some curious specimens until after the recess, congratulating the members on the of Medicago tribuloides, from Algeria, were also exhibited fourishing state of the society, and on the number and imto the meeting, in which the character of the fruit had been portance of the papers that had been read during the so changed as to closely resemble that of M. elegans and other session. species. The change was undoubtedly due to the action of a kind of smut, but, so far as was known, the effect produced had
SOCIETY OF BIBLICAL ARCH.FOLOGY.-An extra meet. not been previously observed. A paper was read by Dr. ing of this society was held on Tuesday last, when the Duncan, “On the Fertilization of Primula vulgaris,' in following paper was read :-“ The Fall of Nineveh, and the which he gave the results of a long series of carefully repeated First Year of Nebuchadnezzar King of Babylon,” by J. W. observations, tracing the entire course of the pollen tubes Bosanquet, F.R.A.S., &c. The following candidates were from the stigma to the ovules; the subject being illustrated balloted for :-J. R. Brown, F.R.G.S., M.A.I., R. Brown, by drawings upon the black board, enlarged from micro-junr. (Cambridge), Rev. W. T. Bullock, M.A., H. S. Gifford, scopical preparations. Dr. Cobbold described his own Q.C., Alexander Laing, F.R.S., Mrs. Margaret Home Colvin, similar observations upon Orchis mascula, which generally Lady Douglas, Lady Tite, and Benj. Winstone. confirmed those of Dr. Duncan, and a discussion followed, in which Dr. Hooker, Dr. Cobbold, Professor Dyer, Vr.
SOCIETY FOR THE ENCOURAGEMENT OF THE FINE Currey, and Dr. Duncan, took part, Dr. Hooker read a ARTS.—This society held, on the 26th ult., by permission of paper descriptive of a collection of plants obtained by Mr. the council, its fourth and last conversazione of the present New from near the snow line on Kilimanjaro, the species session, at the Gallery of the Society of British Artists, being, for the most part, allied to those found on the Suffolk-street, Pall Mall. It was numerously and fashionably Cameroons and the mountains of Abyssinia. The president attended—the vari-coloured costumes of many distinguished expressed a hope that the next meeting of the Society would Orientals contrasting vividly with the more sombre de rigueur be held in their new rooms, to which their library would be of our countrymen, adding a tone of picturesqueness to the removed during the recess. The meeting was then adjourned assembly. The guests, as they arrived, were received at the to November 6th. Four new Fellows were elected.
entrance of the galleries by the chairman (Major Britten),
Mr. George Browning, the hon. secretary Mr. William Taylor, LONDON AND VIDLESEX ARCHEOLOGICAL SOCIETY.- and several other members of the council. Among those At a recent meeting of this society (Alfred J. White, Esq., present were Sir John Coode, Dr. Hyde Clarke, Dr. Zerffi, F.S.A., in the chair), a paper was read by Mr. Frederick Wood, Viscomte de Lancastre, Captain Mayne Reid, Chevalier de on “Recent Investigations at Willesden Church,” which was Kontski, Mr. Randolph Clay, and many musicians, artists, well illustrated by numerous old engravings of the church and literary men of note. The principal subjects treated of and other portions of the parish, 'rubbings of memorial during the past session have been as follows:- May 1, " The brasses still existing there, and numerous well-executed Temples and Mythology of India,” by Captain E. D. Lyon. photographs of the exterior and interior, as also of parts May 15, Beethoven," by Herr Ernest Pauer. May 22, exemplifying the curious Norman remains of part of the "The Art Treasures of Italy,” by George Browning. May 28, edifice, and the ancient Norman font, certainly of the early “Form and Emotion,” by É. C. Selous. June 5, ** Some of
Auswers to Correspondents.
A. D. I100.
the Remains of our Remote Ancestors in Western Britain," subject he selects for his verse. Of aspiration there is little or none by Richard Burchett. June 19, “ The Value of Natural
at all. Probably the school to which he belongs would reject any
visible and evident moral effort as asthetically and artistically History Studies to the Artist,” by Professor Allman, F.R.S.
censurable. The deification of the senses is the chief point aimed at; At this meeting there was no lecture, but the importance of and certainly in the carrying out of this, the poet displays a strength those already delivered may be gathered from the above list. of colouring, and a power over words which impel the reader onwards.
The selection of vocal and instrumental music, in conjunc. But this applies.of course, only to the best and most noticeable tion with the exhibition of interesting pictures, whiled away
poems, such as “The daughter of Herodias.” This really fine work
of the poetic art is remarkable for its daring and subtly-drawn pic. a few hours most pleasantly. The sixteenth session will ture of gorgeous sensuousness; yet, strange to say, at the same time commence in January next.
for its appreciation of the pure, saint-like nature of a St. John the
Baptist. In this subject Mr. O'Shaughnessy has found a theme SOUTH OF ENGLAND LITERARY, PHILOSOPHICAL, AND
evidently to his mind and well calculated to display his abilities.
Cleopatra” also shows a poetic faculty of no mcan order. The STATISTICAL SOCIETY. - This society recently held its Epic of Women is the best part of the volume. The series of annual excursion. The members proceeded first to Titchfield poems comprising this, winds up sorrowfully enough in the lament Church, a good specimen of Norman architecture, and con
over a lost life, to a dead mother. It would be unjust not to acknow
ledge the decided evidences of genius in Mr. O'Shaughnessy's works, taining some remarkably fine monuments, and afterwards to but for further efforts we would counsel bona fide study of real life, Titchfield Palace, formerly a seat of the Earl of Southampton, and the plain work-day world we live in. The healthy atmosphere and now a beautiful ruin, renowned chiefly as being the place and daylight of these are invigorating as well as inspiring. where Charles I. resorted after his escape from Hampton Court, and whence he was conveyed to Carisbrooke Castle by Colonel Hammond. After spending some time in admiring this venerable relic of a mansion of the sixteenth century, the party proceeded to Porchester Castle. An interesting paper on Porchester, giving a brief account of the locality and tracing the history of the castle from the most ancient
T. Kenett:- Mathieu de Montmorency, surnamed " The Great,"
was Constable of France, under Philip Augustus and Louis VIII., times, was then read by the Rev. E. Kell, and will be and played a distinguished part in the wars with England. He died printed in our next. The thanks of the meeting were presented by the president (Dr. de Chaumont) to Mr. Kell, who
W. Webster.-The sect of Angelitos derived their name from Angc. afterwards accompanied the party to cxamine the various licum, in Alexandria, where their first meetings were held. They parts of the castle. The botany connected with the castle are also known by the names of Theodosians and Severites ; from was illustrated by the Rev. H. Hawkes, F.L.S., of Ports. Theodosius, whom they made their pope, and from Severus their head. mouth.
J.H. (Leeds).—The license was granted to Sir Hugh in 1336.
Thos. Goode. He is descended from William Williams, of Chwaine
Issa, Anglesey, who is descended from Cadrod Hardd (" The Hand.
some"), of Tremadgo. The latter was lord of Talbybolion about
S. Suead. The book was printed in 1598, and is very rare, as but debate in council of the Druids and Chieftains, preparatory to the
three or four copies are now known to be in existence. conflict with the Romans, in which the invocation of the Archdruid to Taramis, "God of armies, of carnage, and fight," is particularly Geo. Fletcher.-—The Angli, a German nation, were originally a fine and impressive. The battle itself is described with great ability, branch of the Suevi, who settled in Denmark. This nation, according and the introduction of the elephant, as a living engine of warfare to Rapin and several other writers, gave the name of English to the anong the Britons, astonished and terrified by the apparition of a subjects of Egbert carly in the ninth century. monster, " the like our islands never bred," forms a most telling incident. The account of the storm which succeeds the battle is rendered H. 7.-"Rule Britannia was written by Thompson, and set to with energy and force, and shows that the author has a quick and music by Dr. Arne. observant eye for the phenomena and scenery of nature. Mr. Kentish deals chiefly with priests and warriors, consequently we find com- B.A.-Domesday Book was compiled under the direction of William paratively little relating to the softer sex in his poem; but his descrip- the Conqueror, and in accordance with the resolution passed at the tion of Guendolene, the beautiful daughter of Mynogan, gives the council held in Gloucester in 1085. impression that even the young ladies of those remote and unsophisticated times were tolerably well versed in the science and resources K.R. 7.-The word "parvise" is usually applied to the room over of flirtation. Of her the author says:
the porch of a church. In France it signifies the open space round
cathedrals and churches.
To which the beautiful are born;
L. 7.-Sir Robert Long, Secretary to Charles II. during his exile
was created a baronct in 1662, and died unmarried.
T.R.S.-Mrs. Southey was the author of the lines you quote.
Correspondents who reply to queries would oblige by referring to
the volume and page where such queries are to be found. To omit On all, as meaning to imply Her fixed resolve from passion free,
this gives us unnecessary trouble. A few of our correspondents are To sway; as yet, the hearts of many,
slow to comprehend that it is desirable to give not only the reference Nor preference entertain for any."
to the query itself, but that such reference should also include all The poem concludes with the eventual victory of the Britons, and previous replies. Thus a reply given to a query propounded at page the subsequent fight of the Romans to Gaul. The book is an interest- 4, Vol.iii., to which a previous reply had been given at page 20, and ing and valuable contribution to the literature treating of our early another at page 32, requires to be set down (Vol.iii. 4, 20, 32). times and history; and Mr. Kentish may be congratulated upon the selection of so unhackneyed a subject, and one so capable of variety We shall be glad to receive contributions from competent and of treatment.
capable persons accomplished in literature or skilled in archæology,
and generally from any intelligent reader who may be in possession Ar Epic of Women and other Poems. By Arthur W. E. O'Shaugh of facts, historical or otherwise, likely to be of general interest.
nessy. London: Hotten. What distinguishes Mr. O'Shaughnessy as an intellectual poct, is Communications for the Editor should be addressed to the Pub. ihe full and masculine grasp which he is capable of taking of the lishing Office, 811, Fleet Street, London, E.C.
LONDON, SATURDAY, JULY 12, 1873. when Kemble, the arrogant manager, appeared in “Mac
beth,” which was to be followed by the musical farce of “The CONTENTS.-No. 71.
Quaker.” The house was full by six p.m., but Kemble's LONDON Riots:-Sixty-six Nights of the O. P. Riots, 13.
address was hardly listened to; neither Kemble, Mrs. THE BAYEUX TAPESTRY, 14.
Siddons, nor Charles Kemble, were tolerated in Macbeth, PORCHESTER CASTLE, 17.
and the uproar soon began of: “Off, off! Old Prices!
No Catalani-no rise." The actors performed in dumb QUERIES :-Robert Tidir, 18-“The Roll
Cremation of Human' Dead-Coronation Robes of Richard the show, the audience in the pit hissing, yelling, groaning, howlThird-Northumberland House-Fire-Claw-Historical Query-ing, barking, braying, moaning, hooting; every wild beast of Stone Coffins-Derivation of the Word " Stime"-Maces-Vis the forest seemed to be there, and all gone mad together. count Dundee--Prynne and Thurloe Marshal Bugeaud-Fight They turned their backs to the stage. The farce terminated for the Standard at Marston Moor-"Nell"-First Duke of Leeds -White Horse of Westbury--Crest and Motto of the Way Family about eleven, but the audience remained till one, crying
The Rock Circles of Northumberland-A Curious Brooch-Sir" Managers! Old Prices !” brandishing sticks and kicking Hugh Smithson-Motto of the Dakyns of Yorkshire.
the benches. This continued till two magistrates (Nares REPLIES :-Crosier and Pastoral Staff, 20-Brownists-The Sin of and Read) appeared on the stage and made as if they would Kissing
the Hand-De Vere-Sack and other “Old.” Wines read the Riot Act. Then a great cry from these frantic Origin of the Badge of the 17th Lancers-Dresses of the Apostles -Kilburn Nunnery-Killicrankie-Easter Eggs-Muggletonians people arose of— -War Medals-Baptism-Robin Hood.
"No magistrates! Off, off! Let Harris come, or send MISCELLANEA:-St. Mary's Church, Castlegate, York, 22-Silbury John Philip Kemble. Off, off! Enough.”
Hill-Discovery of Human Remains at Furness-Cheapside
The gallery people now began to complain that they PROCEEDINGS OF SOCIETIES:-Zoological Society of Londor, 23-Aëro
were thrust into pigeon holes, and the upper boxes chimed nautical Society of Great Britain—The Meteorological Society in, till, eventually, a seat gave way and was broken down. Liverpool Numismatic Society-Surrey Archäological Society.
In at once dashed two or three red-waistcoated Bow Street NOTICES OF BOOKS, 24.
runners, who rushed on several gentlemen and dragged them ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS, 24.
out by their torn coats. Then a bell was heard to ring, and
fire-engines were wheeled on to the stage to the increased LONDON RIOTS.
frenzy of the malcontents.
The introduction of the fire-engines on the stage, says
our author generously, was, it is asserted, the result of a SIXTY-SIX NIGHTS OF THE O. P. RIOTS.
mistake. Engines were kept in the theatre and placed on BY WALTER THORNBURY.
the stage after the evening's performances, in case of danger,
particularly as the fire offices had refused to insure the These extraordinary riots, which lasted sixty-six nights, have house to the full amount. Mr. Kemble, perceiving from never been described with any great exactitude. The rare his private box that the audience were not gone, ordered little book in which the only complete record of them exists the bell to be rung for the stage lights to be replaced. This is entitled
order was misunderstood by the prompter, and instead
of the lights, the engines were brought upon the stage. RISE, PROGRESS, AND TERMINATION
Certainly they might have been originally brought on to of the
intimidate the malcontents, yet without the manager's
knowledge. Then arose a hurricane of hisses, groans, 0. P. WAR,
and cries, whilst some of the more violent rebels in the pit In Poetic EPISTLES,
formed a ring, and, dancing like demoniacs, sang "God
save the King,” moreover, as the poet says :HUDIBRASTIC LETTERS,
"While performing these wild feats From Ap Simpkins in Town to his friend Ap Davies in Wales;
They played the devil with the seats." including
Then, wishing the managers ironically good-night, they All the best Songs, Placards, Toasts, &c., &c., Which were written, exhibited and given, on the occasion ;
On the Tuesday the “Beggar's Opera” was played, but no With Illustrative Notes,
one even pretended to listen. The mob had now discovered
a new grievance—the third tier of private boxes (for base By Thomas Tegg.
purposes as they alleged) were let by the year, and thus a Arma Virumque Cano.
great monopoly had been established.
The cry for “Old Prices" drowned every word and song LONDON:
in the farce of " Is he a Prince?” Ladies, alarmed, began to Published by THOMAS TegG, III, Cheapside.
leave their seats, on which tremendous scuffles arose, and 1810.
blows were struck. Then a rush was made for the stage,
on which suddenly appeared a band of constables, who, This scarce little volume of 179 pages is written in very being loudly hooted, made their exeunt in a huff. fluent Hudibrastic verse, and is not unworthy of Combe,
“'Twill be," says our poet-such hopes this war affords the author of "Dr. Syntax," to whom it is by some attri
Their last appearance on these boards." buted. The placards and songs of the rioters exist nowhere else to my knowledge, in their entirety, and they now have But the attempt to storm the stage was soon defeated by to a certain degree an antiquarian value.
the stage carpenters unbolting and unbarring all the stage The riots originated from the following causes :- - On trap-doors, leaving the floor a region of dangerous crevasses September 20, 1808, Covent Garden Theatre had been burnt and perilous ravines. down, and it was rebuilt at the vast expense of about 150,000l. Ai this crisis, up rose an orator in the middle boxes, and Eager to recuperate himself for his losses, Kemble fixed addressed the house. He, as a British subject, would not, the new prices at 45. for the pit, instead of 35. 6d., and 75. he said, have objected to the proprietors' new prices, if they for the boxes, instead of 6s.; the 25. and is. galleries being had come forward candidly, and proved their need, the inalone left at their former rates. The theatrical public were sufficiency of the old charges, and the general benefit that deeply moved at these innovations, and determined on would ensue. This monopoly was a gross imposition, the rebellion.
taxation most unjust, and only for the benefit of a few The theatre opened on Monday, September 18, 1809, I nabobs who had large salaries derived from the public. If