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was devoted to the constitution and to the church of England : that he ever considered the interests of the king and people as inseparably united; and that, living or dying, the prosperity of his country was his fondest wish. But he expressed his fears that it augured ill for the people's happiness to write the commencement of a reformation in letters of blood. Turning to the friends who attended him on the scaffold, he took a solemn leave; and charged his brother with his blessing and final adieu to his wife and children. • And now,' said he, I have nigh done. One stroke will make my wife a widow, .my dear children fatherless, deprive my poor servants of their beloved master, and separate me from my affectionate brother and all my friends. But let God be to you, and to them, all in all. While he disrobed himself, he declared that he looked on the approach of death without any apprehension; and that he now laid his head on the block with the same tranquillity as he had laid it on his pillow. He stretched out his hands as a signal to the executioner; and, at one blow, his head was severed from his body."
It is to be hoped that some equally diligent inquirer will be found to undertake a continuation of this useful work. The Trial of Major Campbell, for the Murder of Captain
Boyd, in a Duel, on the 23d of June, 1807 ; with the Evidence in full, the Charge of the Judge, and Details of Major Campbell's last Moments, Execution, &c. &c. 8v0.-Symonds, 1808. Judges and Juries have been usually lenient on the trial of persons who have killed their antagonists in a duel. However moralists may declaim against the custom, it is considered in some instances to be almost unavoidable, and therefore judicial condemnation has seldom been passed upon the offender. The frivolous quarrels, however, which have, of late, led to so many fatal results, needed the ivterposition of the strong arm of the law; and unfortunately for Major Campbell, though we think happily for civil society, the present case was of such a nature as to forbid any mitigation of the general law against murder. Differing in opinion as to some point of military regulation with a Captain in the same regiment, while at mess, he went home to his family, drank tea, and then, sending for his victim, insisted on his fighting him in a small room, thc corners of whịcb were only seven paces asunder, withuut giving him time to make any family preparation, without witnesses, or previous examination of weapons. These facts appear from the evidence of Lieutenant Macpherson,
" On the evening of the 23d, going up stairs about nine o'clock, he heard, as he thought, Major Campbell say, 'On the word of a dying man, was every thing fair?' He got up before Captain Boyd replied; he said, Campo bell, you have hurried me you're a bad man.' Witness was in coloured clothes, and Major Campbell did not know him, but said again, · Boyd, before this stranger and Lieutenant Hall, was everything fair?' Captain Boyd replied, Oh no, Campbell, you know I wanted you to wait and have friends.' Major Campbell then said,
Good God, will you mention before these gentlemen, was not every thing fair did not you say you were ready! Captain Boyd answered, Yes ;' but in a moment after said, “ Campbell, you're a bad man.' Captain Boyd was helped into the next room, and Major Campbell fol. lowed, much agitated, and repeatedly said to Captain Boyd, that he (Boyd) was the happiest man of the two: • I am (said Major Campbell) an unfortunate man, but I hope not a bad man.' Major Campbell asked Captain Boyd if he forgave him : he stretched out his hand, and said, • I forgive you. I feel for you, and I am sure you do for me.".
The prisoner was justly found guilty; and though strong family interest was made to save his life, and both the
Grand Jury who found the bill, and the Jury upon whose • verdict he was condemned, petitioned in his favour, his execution took place on the 24th of August last,
“ His deportment, during the whole of the melancholy interval between his condemnation and the day of his execution, was manly but penitent; such as became a Christian towards his approaching dissolution. When he was informed that all efforts to procure a pardon had failed, he was only anxious for the immediate execution of the sentence. He had repeatedly implored that he might be shot; but as this was not suitable to the forms of the common law, his entreaties were of course without success.
" He was led out for execution on Wednesday the 24th of August, just as the clock struck twelve. He was attended by Dr. Bowie, and in the whole of his deportment a pious resiynation and a penitent habit of mind were manifested.
“ A vast crowd had collected around the scene of the catastrophe; he surveyed them a moment, then turned his head towards Heaven with a look of prayer.
“As soon as he made his appearance, the whole of the attending guards, and such of the soldiery as were spece tators, took off their caps ; upon which the Major saluted them in turn. This spectacle was truly distressing, and tears and shrieks burst from several parts of the crowd.
" When the executioner approached to fix the cord, Major Campbell again looked up to Heaven. There was now the most profound silence. The executioner seemed paralyzed whilst performing the last act of his duty... There was scarcely a dry eye out of so many thousands assembled. The crowd seemed thunder-struck when the unfortunate gentleman was at length turned off. Every aspect wore the traces of grief. Perhaps no case has ever occurred, in which the sympathy of the people was more strong. The soldiery, in particular, were most strongly affected. Many a hard visage was softened by the descending tear. i
« After hanging the usual time, the body was put into a hearse in waiting. This melancholy vehicle left the town immediately, to convey the last remains of the unfortupate gentleman to the family depositary at Ayr, in Scotland.
“ This catastrophe is rendered still more piteous by the unhappy circumstance, that Mrs. Campbell, who, after incredible fatigues and exertions had reached England, and procured her petition to be delivered into the hands of his Majesty, had indulged her hopes to the last, and left London exactly at such a period of time, as to arrive in Ayr on the same day on which her husband's corpse would necessarily have reached that place.".
The Dramatic and Poetical Works of the late LieutenantGeneral John Burgoyne, to which are prefixed Memoirs of the Author. 2 vols. 12mo. 125. Scatcherd. 1808.
Of General Burgoyne's dramatic works the Heiress is the most considerable, which, supported by fashion, was attractive for a few seasons; but the patronage of fashion being generally as short-lived as it is injudicious, the Heiress is now almost forgotten. Burgoyne, however, was a sepsible writer, and there are many who entertain the opinion that he was a better Poet than General, and that his wit was at least as sharp as his sword
Poetical Tales, founded on Facts. By M. Savory. 4s.
12mo. Darton and Harvey. 1808. This author pleads youth and inexperience; these may be admitted as excuses for writing bad verses, but not for publishing them. In the present case, however, there is little need of apology. The young poet who produces stanzas like the following may proceed without any dread of criticism, and much may be expected from him hereafter.
« On yon tall rock's projecting side,
See where the stripling bends his way,
And tune a sweetly rustic lay.
To dwell on nature's varied hue ?
Aud bathes his azure eye in dew?
As morn's first blush illumes the vale;
To listen to the nightingale ?
As o'er bis cradle, from on high,
And on his lips breath'd harmony.
As mind its early charnis displayed;
And Homer on his pillow laid.
Which throws o'er ev'ry scene its charms
To grief, more exquisite alarm.
But as the morn's first vivid ray,
Through the long, ling'ring, weary day!
Thy captive pours the grateful strain,
With all thy joys, with all thy pain.
In tranquil apathy to rove?
O stay and charm me with thy love!' The germs of true poetry may be discovered in this slight specimen.
EXCULPATION OF RICHARD III. FROM THE CHARGES BROUGHT AGAINST HIM BY DIFFERENT
HISTORIANS, AND FOLLOWED BY SHAKSPEARE. It seems then to me to appear, that Fabian, and the authors of the Chronicle of Croyland, who were contemporaries with Richard, charge him directly with none of the crimes since imputed to him, and disculpate him of others. That John Rous, the third contemporary, could know the facts he alledges but by hearsay, confounds the dates of them, dedicates his work to Henry the Seventh, and is an author to whom no credit is due, from the lies and fables with which his work is stuffed. That we have po authors who lived near the time, but Lancastrian authors, who wrote to flatter Henry the Seventh, or who spread the tales which he invented. That the murder of Prince Edward, son of Henry the Sixth, was committed by King Edward's servants, and is imputed to Richard by no contemporary. That Henry the Sixth was found dead in the Tower, that it was not known how he came by his death; and that it was against Richard's interest to murder him. That the Duke of Clarence was de. fended by Richard ; that the parliament petitioned for his execution ; that no author of the time is so absurd as to charge Richard with being the executioner; and that King Edward took the deed wholly on himself. That Richard's stay at York, on his brother's death, had pearance of a design to make himself king. That the ambition of the queen, who attempted to usurp, the government, contrary to the then established custom of the realm, gave the first provocation to Richard and the princes of the blood to assert their rights; and that Richard was solicited by the Duke of Buckingham to vindicate those rights. That the preparation of an armed force under Earl Rivers, the seizure of the tower and treasure, and the equipment of a fleet, by the Marquis Dorset, gave occasion to the princes to imprison the relations of the queen; and that, though they were put to death without trial, (the only cruelty which is proved on VOL. IV.